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have crept over its crumbling walls as upon his shoulders I succeeded in forcing silently as the ivy, year by year, creeps open one of the window shutters, and over its mouldering form to shut it out raising the window softly, sprung as I altogether from view, and let it moulder thought into the room. I must bave deon. Leagued with old Time, to fret the scended twenty feet before alighting, and desolation, is man's neglect-an endless was stunned and crippled to such an ness of itself-more dumb in its dismal extent, that I was unable to give any dream of forgetfulness, and as unwakeful answer to Pedro's re ated bellowings; to the pleadings of the past as if the past who, seeing me disappear altogether, never lived to cast a spell of bright humani- fully imagined that I had been seized and ties over the future, and to warm the bal- hurried off by one of the furies, that, belowed dust of olden memories into a fore our departure, he tried to convince mental life, rich with the spoils age me haunted the old pile. When I was gathers around us in its turn, to give to enabled to rise, the full conviction of my things that were our now useless history. critical situation forced itself upon me;
The entrance to this crazy old ball, is it was utterly dark, except a swath of a small gothic doar leading into a court hazy light, admitted far above by the yard; and it is only when once within open shutters, that only pierced the disits precincts, that the freezing mystery of mal shadow around the entrance, and the place breaks upon you, for it shuts faded into a sickly glare while struggling out the life by which it is encompassed, its way through darkness and desolation as the spirits of the invisible world shut of a century old, and then died along out our cognizance of theirs, yet know the mouldering walls, and went out in all the story of our existence from the gloom forever. cradle to the grave. A wise old bel An overwhelming sense of evil now dame this same old hall! There runs a seemed to press the oppressive bulk of tradition that no one ever emerged again darkness upon me, and increase the dreadwho had the hardihood to enter. “ Death sul weight of gloom which the silence and is there in many shapes and forms,” said loneliness engendered. These frowned my informant, (a withered old centenari. from the dismal walls awful as a judg. an,) for on Easter night, the old tower ment of God. Every corner seemed inbell begins to toll, and the windows pour stinct with a life of darkness-a crouchforth both light and sounds of music, ing, stirless oblivion-yet alive; taking such as is heard at Windsor on the no definite shape, but still brooding in Queen's birth-night.” The singular ac. horror; viewless, yet searching in its counts of those residing in the vicinity of sight; noiseless, yet seemingly knockthis old edifice, and the strange associations ing at the heart with its ponderous mace. gleaned from various sources, as well as I stumbled on some distance, when my the strong hold it had upon my imagi. feet struck against a flight of stone steps, nation, determined me to explore its and I ascended into what appeared a labyrinth; and now, after many years large hall or chamber, but as dark as have elapsed, I give to the world the the one below. In groping along a fruits of my discoveries.
gallery leading from the room, my hand One clear moonlight night in Septem- came in contact with a door which swung ber of the year 18–, I wrapped myself open at a touch, and I entered into anin my mantle, and instructing my valet other apartment, but shrouded in the to follow, hastened to the entrance before same impenetrable darkness as the previ. mentioned. As soon as we were oppo.
All was silence, and so awful site the gate, I ordered him to mount and in its oppression, that I forbore to wake uindo the inside fastening, and we were its echoes with even a whisper. Weary soon within the court-yard. - They and utterly hopeless, I sank down upon sleep sound,” said Pedro, (a sharp, cun the floor and fell into a deep slumber. ning Spaniard, whom I had fallen in with Sleep hath its own world,” says the at Madrid,) “I hope we shall not be Poet, and never fell upon a jaded heart taken for thieves." A sharp “hist more sweetly its gentle ministerings than silenced his murmurs, for accustomed to on mine. I dreamt of Eugene, and my moods, and graduating his feelings thought we were boys again together; thereby, he knew that words were but poor and all that holy life, that bloomed in weapons to deter my love of the marvel- innocence and ripened with our growth, ous from gratifying its most ardent made again its sabbath in my heart. thirst, even at any sacrifice. Climbing Bells rung clear and musically in the VOL. III.- NO. IV.
morning air (the self-same bells, replete high above the rest was a shadow that with childish recollections). Olivia, with appeared to take no form, and kept aloof her blessed smile, put her gentle hand in from all intercourse. It seemed to be mine, and all was happiness and peace. unobserved by any one, yet kept the It is a common practice with the incred- strictest watch upon each one's move. ulous to scout the revelation of dreams ments. They sat down to a banquet. as baseless illusions and abstractions, The tall figure lifted his right arm, and it springing from disease or some similar blazed like a rising meteor in the air, anomalous source ; but to me their shedding a crimson light upon the festipromptings have ever been as palpable, val. Each one was silent, and care and far more congruous in results, than seemed depicted upon every countenance. the clearest realities conceived in wake. In the same solemn silence the revels reful moments, where a suggestive view of commenced, and this time all of the indiour inner life, shut out with actualities viduals underwent many transformations. the mysterious workings of the spirit. A mist gradually enveloped each, through Still I slept. The scene suddenly changed which the head was only visible, and from that which I have described, and I that was changed into a hideous, grinwas in a picture gallery. The keeper ning skull—the nether limbs rattling in appeared to be a woman, but belonging horrid discord in the dance of death, to an age passed out of recollection, and The tall figure raised aloft his “ red right so palsied was her person that I feared to arm," and drank with greedy avidity from touch it, lest it should crumble to atoms. an infant's skull filled with gore. Afar The pictures, with one exception, ap- off through the casement tossed a dreary peared of very ancient date; there were sea, and its dismal wailings came louder old beaux in the costume of Charles, and and nearer until it rolled in upon the court beauties of the same reign. Hol- floor in waves of curdled blood. biens of the Elizabethan age, and Knights All these horrors seemed in perfect in the armor of the conqueror; Crusaders keeping, and followed in natural succeswith the cross, and Pontiffs with the sion in my mind; yet I had not the will crescent. I thought the old lady had or power to distinguish between their gone away by accident and locked me actual existence, and my own vivid imin; and, night coming on, I was left pression of them. The reader will judge alone with my ghostly acquaintances. by the sequel, how faithful was the fore
There was one picture in the collec cast of truth which followed. tion that engrossed all my attention. The I turned my eyes towards the portrait eyes were large and lustrous, and had a on the wall, and was appalled at the look so spiritually and pensively beauti. change it exhibited. The face was ghastful, and spoke in such mute appeals the ly pale; the eyes laden with a deathly story of a broken heart, that in my own film gathering slowly over them. The a part of its unknown sorrow was for a lips were colorless, and over the right time reflected. I had seen the face be- temple a reeking wound, gaping with gory fore; yet where, I had not the will to mouth, came gradually into visible tangidetermine. The tortures of this struggle bility, and death apparently followed. will never be effaced from my memory. A slight tremor crept throngh my veins, There hung the portrait, its own placid a low sigh was distinctly iterated, and I gaze recognizing my own; the eyes awoke. moved! the lips smiled, but meeting no I opened my eyes directly upon the return, relapsed into a mournful express picture I have described, as it appeared sion, but kept its gaze intent upon mine. in my dream upon the first view. My I had known the original; its fate was illusion was fulfilled in the most minute in some way blended with mine, but to particular, excepting, of course, the fansolve the mystery I was utterly incapa. tastic shape which the pictures assumed. ble. I turned to the other pictures, and I was in a gallery filled exactly with each seemed instinct with life; the flush such pictures as is before mentioned. A of health was upon the countenance of thunder storm had been raging during the each. At a given signal of a stalwort night; the casement had blown open, chevalier, the pictures fluttered a moment and I was thoroughly drenched by the in their frames, and each one (except rain pouring in upon my uncovered perthat of the lady) stepped out of the can. son. Stiff and cold, I staggered to the vas a living, breathing man and woman, lattice and pushed it open, and the bright and arranged them for a dance. Towering warm sun greeted me with his cheerful
smile. London, already abounding with ready to start into being again, and renew a peopled world struggling for the neces- its mockeries in that living grave, to sities of existence, was abroad in many which they had been exiled long before a busy maze and mart, and thus, from death led them from the cruel penances day to day, and year to year, the tide of of imaginary sins. They were all fehumanity rolled on to swell the past. males, habited in the garb of nuns. One, The tops of the neighboring buildings and only one, coffin was placed in the usual were below me, and far beyond stretched position. It lay near the entrance, as if blooming fields and luxuriant forests, in- it had been pushed hurriedly in. I exterspersed with hamlet, cot and village; amined this carefully, and observed that a picture of quiet beauty, still living in the wood was still in a good state of presthe cabinet of the brain. I turned to the ervation. We carefully raised the lid and picture which had so deeply impressed lifted the covering; the hands were perme, and with great difficulty succeeded fect, and an engraved diamond ring sparin getting it from its lofty hanging. I kled to the light. I held the lantern examined closely every part of the frame close to the hand, and traced distinctly and canvas; it bore, comparatively, a the arms of our family. With breathless recent date, but the artist's name was en- eagerness I tore the covering from the tirely obliterated. One fact was suffi. face; the flesh crumbled to ashes beneath cient; I had known the original, and the my touch, and, merciful heavens! the conviction became more and more cer very scar which I had seen on the foretain that my history was in some man head of the picture, found its exact counner mingled with its own. With this terpart on this skull now before me in thought uppermost, I descended the stair. the coffin. I reeled backwards, the whole case and effected egress through an adja- foundation of the edifice seemed to rock, cent building, thence to the yard, and and all was oblivion and darkness. finally into one of the popular thorough The mournful sequel of this narrative fares.
is soon told. Years have passed since As soon as I reached my lodgings, I it transpired, and all the events passed commenced equipping myself for the task out of recollection. I offer them as a of further investigation on the following sad homily upon the sin of a thirst for night. I procured a dark-lantern, and gold, and ihe evil it engenders. instructed Pedro to be in readiness. The My cousin had resolved that Olivia day wore wearily into shadows; and, at should never be wedded ; and so long as last, night, with her protecting wing, nothing occurred to justify the suspicion hovered over our designs. Forth we that such was not her intention, she was sallied, and were soon at the postern. safe. He had predetermined her fortune This time we gained admission by batter- should never pass out of his possession, ing in the door, and, lighting the lantern, and to this end shaped all his designs. began our discoveries. We descended He embarked for Europe; but finding into a large, square room, which had only himself hotly pursued by my brother, he one outlet, and that was by means of a incarcerated Olivia in a nunnery, and flight of steps leading into labyrinths of then, lest his villanies should be discov., almost an interminable depth. These ered, she was secretly murdered-at we traversed, and found ourselves at the least this was the only conjecture. entrance of a vault. After efforts almost My brother's fate was never known. superhuman, the iron door was forced My cousin has long since gone to render open, and, creeping through a narrow an account before another tribunal of his passage, we descended into a tomb.
misdeeds; and the palsied head that reIn the vault, coffins were arranged per- calls the events of this history, will soon .pendicularly around side by side, dis- lie as forgetful in the dust as that of her playing their tenants in standing posi- who has slumbered so many years in the tions. The decayed wood had fallen dim vault of a distant nunnery, rememaway from many, leaving, the bodies bering nothing of either her love or her quite erect, and to my astonishment per- sorrow. fect. The ghastly assemblage seemed
“To govern a society of freemen,” says so to say, reflected upon the offices they Lord Bolingbroke, “by, a constitution hold; thus dispensing them, as far as of founded on the eternal rules of right rea ficial dignity (and of course dollars) is son, and directed to promote the happi. concerned, from any special regard to a ness of the whole and of each individual, due, not to say a creditable, competency. is the noblest prerogative that can belong Deluded by this convenient notion, our to humanity.” The instrument of which political aspirants are content to accomwe have, in the descriptive clauses of this plish themselves--negatively and posi. fine passage, a definition at once the lively—in those low arts alone, which most correct and concise, perhaps, ex. train to creep up, or down, to office, that pressible by language, evidently would be general goal of their ambition. But, persona perfect political constitution. Of course, ally, this is a great, as it is politically a the prerogative that depended on such a grievous, mistake. For what, in truth, chimera, instead of being the highest at constitutes the rank of an office, unless tainable, should be accounted as none at it be that of the qualifications required in all; or what is the same, virtually, a pre- the functionary? A proof of which is, rogative in perpetual abeyance.
that the former sinks in dignity in the di. But suppose this constitutional perfec rect proportion of any customary defition as
common as it, of all perfec- ciency in the other. So that instead of the tions, is, peculiarly the reverse, the office elevating its unworthy occupants, fortune of having to govern by means it only is itself degraded to the average so apt and efficient, ought to be es level of their incompetency. And, furteemed, indeed, a felicity, but scarcely, thermore, this incompetency finds less we think, a meritorious honor; certainly, shelter in the “ free societies” in quesnot one at all to be compared to that of tion, than (for example) in monarchies ; having acquired the capacity of reform- where the honor, the « prerogative," of ing, into something of this hypothetical place is held to emanate from the donor, excellence, the imperfections and abuses and not from the duty. The source of of the actual systems. For which the official honor in constitutional governreasons are sound and sundry. The more ments is well intimated in the rebuke of perfect the machinery of government the Roman Centurion to his comrades: like all machinery) the less of skill it “ You should deem any post honorable would pre-suppose--for it would require wherein you may serve the republic.” the less in the living agent who was to the common distinctions in this service are work it. The less of dignity, conse but established presumptions of capacity, quently, would attach to an office thus graduated according to the combined rarebrought within the competence of the ness and value of the qualifications.
Nor, respecting the holder, Let us set these general observations would the fact of having obtained the before our readers in the light of familplace any more infer high merit than iar experience. We, of these States, are that of bis adequacy to its easy discharge. certainly in Bolingbroke's predicament, Then as now -perhaps, then, even more so far as being a “ society of freemen.” than now—the presumption it would pop- Our Constitutions, too, without being, perularly, and properly, afford, would be that haps, in all their provisions, quite conof pecuniary or party position, or of still vertible with the “ rules of right reason,” more objectionable personal qualities. are rarely-at least in our own opinions, .
This we have thought a distinction of which is enough for the argument-at . some consequence to note. Public men, violent variance with its general princiand ours in particular, seem to flat. ples. Yet the public sentiment, or we ter themselves that the constitutional mer- strangely mistake it, is sufficiently far, its-real or popularly imagined--of the with all its natural bias and national vagovernment which employs them, are, nity, from deeming it the highest of hu
* The Citizen of a Republic. By Ansaldo Ceba. Translated by C. E. Lester. Paine & Burgess. New York.
The Statesman. By Henry Taylor. London.
man prerogatives, to hold a place among objects presented to the mind; such the our highest governors—to wit; that of multitude of established relations accumember of Congress, or even of Assem- mulated upon each other in the course bly.
of ages; so numerous are the tribunals and Not the man, then, whom circumstan- jurisdictions to be understood and kept in ces should call to govern by that perfect order! The machine of government is constitution which nowhere exists, but complicated with too many springs for he who is qualified to perfect those that any man to flatter himself that he has do exist actually, and, unfortunately, mastered all their combinations; which, everywhere; who is capable of correct. however, it is still more impossible for ing them according to that principle and him to disregard. They give rise daily guide which are the constitution of con to a number of questions which press for stitutions, right reason and the general decision, and are not to be eluded or set welfare—this is the man legitimately in- aside by inattention or ignorance. In vested with the prerogative in question: fine, a prodigious sagacity and no less of and he is so invested, whether in, or out, address are requisite to prevent that any of office: like the cobbler of the Stoics, of those particular measures, which apwho was still a king-on the princi- pear to be all induced and controlled by ple of, rex est qui recte facit. Ap- the special circumstances of the case, plied to such, there is no extravagance should be at variance with either the funin the assertion of Bolingbroke. And damental principles or the general plan.” this, in fact, (notwithstanding our strict The grand practical question, then, is, ures—which will be seen, we hope, to how to surmount these difficulties-howi have had a better purpose than idle criti- best to secure the requisite political in-, cism,) this we must think to have been telligence and character? We add charthe meaning of his Lordship, who so acter; for without this, without princiwell understood, as he well exemplified, ple, without morality, the man of large the qualities of the statesman; but that information is apt to be an arsenal for the prepossessions, too usual with bim, faction, and genius itself but a splendid in politics as in religion, had given a par- mischief. Accordingly, we see the wise tial cast to his language.
ancients made this the primary quality But if the mission of the statesman in, of their Orator-that is, the Statesman of a free government be thus noble, the those times—as that personage has been qualifications to merit its honors or to re defined by Cato, conceived and nearly tain them permanently, are, too, of the exemplified by Cicero, and finally instituhighest order and the most arduous at- ted by Quinctilian—vir BONUS, dicendi tainment. This will be apparent to the peritus. The answer to the above inquiry least intelligent glance into the elements is, generally, by Education ; education of government, both as a science and an which is the re-creation, the manufaction, art, above so well designated, viz., To so to speak, of the social man—according
know what are the rules of right reason to the idea of Mr. Owen, and which . and how to apply them rightly; to know proves this gentleman, in our mind, the the various constituents of general and most far-seeing, though not withal the individual happiness, and how both may least fanatical, of the Socialists. Of the be combined in the highest possible pro- wide field, however, which this word 'portions. This is the two-fold problem. comprises, even in its limited ordinary These requisites followed out would sense, we are here to survey but that porperhaps leave little unembraced of the tion or aspect which relates more immewhole field of human knowledge, prac- diately and properly to the accomplishtical and theoretic. The details will be ment of the statesman, and which we considered more at large by and by. For shall, therefore, distinguish by the term the present, we will only add a summary Political Education. of the difficulties of statesmanship, as For us, it is probably unnecessaryconceived by a man who was himself, even in these days of novelties, at least of perhaps, the best sample of it produced by nomenclature-to premise, that by this modern times. “The duties and the re term we mean no new-fangled doctrine; quisite ability of the legislator (says nothing, in truth, differing essentially Turgot) are of a magnitude to in- from the established materials, and even timidate the man who is capable of dis- modes, of instruction. The words are cerning them, and to make the virtuous quite expressive of our idea, to wit: eduman tremble. Such is the multitude of cation composed of the ordinary means,