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Flannels, baizes and bockings, :

25 14 cts. per sq. yard. Manufactures of hemp,

20 20 per cent. linen,

20 25 per cent. cotton,

20 30 per cent. Wool, unmanufactured,

20 - 5 per cent., 3 cts. per pound

and 30 per cent. Hemp,

20 $25 to $40 per ton. Flax,

20 $20 per ton. Hair cloth and hair seating,

20 Leghorn and straw hats,

20 35 per cent. Raw silks,

O 50 cts. per pound. Sewing silks,

20 $2 per pound. Blankets costing under 75 cents,

10 15 per cent. Blankets costing over 75 cents,

20 25 per cent. Glass tumblers, not cut,

20 10 cts. per pound. Plate glass and cut glass, .

30 5 to 12 cts. per sq. foot, and

25 to 30 per cent. Plain window glass,

30 2 to 10 cts. per sq. foot. Manufactures of glass,

30 25 per cent. Foolscap, letter and other paper,

20 10 to 17 cts. per pound. Blank books,

20 35 to 40 cts. per pound. Printed books, all kinds,

205 to 30 cts. per pound and

volume. Lead in pigs, bars or sheets,

201š to 4 cts. per pound. Leather of all kinds, and skins,

20 6 to 8 cts. per pound, 75 cts.

to $5 per dozen. Linseed or hempseed oil,

20 25 per cent. Linseed or hempseed,

10 5 per cent. Red and white lead,

20 4 cts. per pound. All other paints,

20 20 per cent. Carbonates of soda,

20 20 per cent. Acids, all kinds,

20 20 per cent. Chocolate, beef, pork, wheat, and other provisions, . -20 Olive oil,

20 30 per cent. Oranges and lemons,

20 per cent. Ale, beer and porter,

20 15 to 20 cts. per gallon. Gums, crude or refined,

20 15 to 25 per cent. Balsams, essences, tinctures, perfumes, &c., for the toilet or medicinal purposes,

30 25 per cent. Diamonds, rubies and other precious stones,

7 to 74 per cent. Imitations thereof,

10 75 per cent. Indigo, cochineal, &c.,

5 cts. per pound. Soda ash, barilla, kelp, natron,


20 per cent. Gunny cloth,

10 5 cts. per sq. yard. Tin plates,

10 25 per cent. Copper ore, copper pigs, tin, zinc, brass, &c., unmanufactured,

5 1 to 30 per cent. Tea, coffee, salt and raw cotton,

free Cotton 3 cts. per pound, salt

8 cts. per bushel, tea and

coffee free. The duties are all calculated on the ad easy and satisfactory, and the general run valorem principle, and, except on distilled of business is steady. All new and disspirits, none of them exceed 30 per cent. tant enterprises are still more or less par. That per centage, if it can be fairly and alyzed by the uncertainty that hangs over fully exacted, would, it is not doubted, for our political affairs—but the constant and many and probably for all well-estab- daily trade of the country, which is imlished manufactures, be adequate protec. ' mense, is prosperous. tion—but it will be found impossible to We annex a comparative statement of carry them out; the ad valorem principle the condition of the banks of N. Y., on offers such bounties to fraud and piracy, 1st. February... that no restrictions nor penalties can prevent them. Of this, however, we shall

COMPARATIVE CONDITION OF THE BANKS. have more to say when the bill itself Comparative condition of the Banks of this shall be reported.

State for the 1st February inst., with that of

the February quarterly report of last year, The condition of the money market is viz :



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Feb. I, 1815. Feb. 1, 1846. Since the last report, (Nov. 1, 1845,) the Loans and disc'ts, 70,888,578 71,897,570 decrease in loans and discounts is $2,882,965, Stocks,

10,241,043 11,050,464 in specie, $523,162, in circulation, $465,252, Specie,

6,893,236 8,361,383 and in deposites, $2,119,590. Cash items, 4,839,886 6,370,302

of the stock market the general charBank notes,

2,387,008 2,580,711 Due from Banks, 7,684,850 10,181,277

acteristic is, that in safe dividend-paying Capital,

43,674,146 42,956,489 stocks there has been but little variation Circulation, 18,513,403 21,159,987 during the past month. Deposites,

25,976,246 29,654,401 Due to Banks, 11,501,102 14,813,359

In the “ fancies” the ups and downs Due Canal Fund, 1,607,572 896,848

denote nothing but the triumph for the This comparison shows an increase, in

day of the bulls or the bears.

We annex quotations of the principal every item except capital, since the February report of last year.


Do. Do.


Offd. Askod
Off’d. Ask’d. Alabama, 5

72 73 U. S. Loan, 6 per cent., 1862, 110£ 1124 Pennsylv'a, 5

713 718 Do. 5

1853, 99$
992 Maryland, 6

78 78$ Tennessee, 6


Do. 5

821 84 New York per cent., 1848, 103

104 Do. 7 1849, 1054 106

CITY, &c. Do. 6

1854, 105 106 Do.

111 N. Y. City, 7 per cent., 1857, 109 6 1860, 107 109

Do. 7

1952, 1054 1075 6 1861, 107 108

Do. 5

1850, 94
1862, 1073 108

Do. Water L'n, 1858, 95 95%
Do. 53
1861, 102 102

95% 954 Do.

1846, 994 995

Do. 5

6 per cent., 1855, 100% 103 1847,

Do. 6

1857, 100& 103 Do. 5

1848, 99

Do. 6

1858, 100£ 103 Do. 5


994 994 Do. 5 1855, 99 100


1858, 99$ 100 Do, 5

1860, 99$ 100 New York Life Ins. & Tr. Co. 110 111 Do,


93 97 Farmer's Loan & Trust Co. 27) 274 Ohio, 7

1831, 101 102 Ohio Life Ins. & Trust Co. 99š 100 Do. 6

1850, 931 934 Camden & Amboy RR. Co. 119 Do. 6

1856, 93 934 New Jersey RR. & Trans. Co, 102 103 Do.

1850, 84 87 Mohawk & Hudson RR. Co. 50 51 Kentucky, 6

994 100 Utica & Schenectady RR. Co. 118 Do. 5

84 87 Syracuse & Utica Railroad Co. 110 115 Illinois, 6 “ 1870,(Sp'l) 37 374 Auburn & Syracuse RR. Co. 100 101 Indiania, 5

“ Ster.25 yrs. 41 42 Auburn & Rochester RR. Co. 100 100$ Do. 5 “ Dol. 25 yrs. 414 1 42 New York Gas Light Co. 114 116 Arkansas, 6

38 40 Phil. & Reading RR. Co. 674 68


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Πολλών δ' ανθρωπων δεν άσσέα, και νοον έγνω. “He beheld the cities of many nations, and became acquainted with the opinions of men.--ODYSSEY.

The Liverpool packet of the 4th of nations were immediately made of the February, brought intelligence of no ordi. strange disruption, and the still stranger nary, importance, for which, however, reconstruction, of the Cabinet. They preprevious advices had fully prepared the sented substantially the facts previously public mind. The British Parliament known, and set forth in the last number of met on the 22d of January, and full expla- our Review. Then followed the great

financial measure of Sir Robert Peela understand the proposed change," or rameasure which, more than anything else, ther that it “cannot believe it rightly marks the growth of popular power in the understands a change proposed by one British Empire-based upon principles whom it had been accustomed to regard as against which he has always fought, and a statesman of the first order, but which it in explicitly-avowed abandonment of that is impossible to reconcile with all he has theory of Protection upon which all the before uniformly professed and taught.” landed and conservative interests of the The Daily News, the new radical paper, Empire rest. What are its provisions, and and the Globe, Whig, censure the delay of what will be its probable effect upon this three years in the abolition of the duty ; country, are fully set forth under our and the Sun approves it entirely-regardfinancial head.

ing the question as settled, and adding that It will readily be supposed that so re “the Peers and the landlords may for a time markable a step on the part of the Premier, rebel against the minister; but all the wise, was not taken without provoking very all the prudent, and all the able portion embittered references to that long and of the aristocracy know that their efforts brilliant political career, upon whose prin- are vain, and that in this country no class, ciples and policy it placed at once the however powerful, not even the first nor brand of condemnation. Both within and the second estate of the realm can gainsay without the walls of Parliament Sir Robert the voice of the people.” This, we apprePeel was assailed with reproaches for his hend, is very nearly the truth; and it is inconsistency. He was denounced in the certainly a truth of the very highest immost violent terms, as having betrayed the portance to the progress of the principles party to which he owed his elevation, and of popular freedom in the British Empire. threatened with its displeasure, which Public attention in England has been so must hurl him from his official preëmi- much absorbed by this financial measure, nence. He met the shock with dignity that other topics have received but little and courage. An honorable relief from notice. In reply to questions in the House, the duties of office, he declared, would be Sir Robert Peel expressed some censure of to him a favor and not a punishment; but Mr. Pakenham's summary rejection of the he proclaimed his readiness “to incur its offer of the President to make the 49th responsibilities, to bear its sacrifices, to parallel the boundary line in Oregon-not affront its honorable perils; but,” said he, that the rejection was wrong in itself, but “I willnot retain it with mutilated power because it should first have been referred to and shackled authority. I will not stand at his Government at home where it might the helm during the tempestuous night, if have been made the basis of a proposition that helm is not allowed to traverse freely. that should prove acceptable. I'he tone of I will not undertake to direct the course of the press upon the subject has undergone the vessel by observations taken in 1842. but little alteration. England, although I will reserve to myself the unfettered apparently willing to accept any fair and power of judying what will be for the equitable offer by which the difficulty may public interest. I do not desire to be be adjusted, is evidently preparing for an Minister of England; but while I am Min. adverse issue, which, to say the least, is ister of England, I will hold office by no possible--and notwithstanding the formi. servile tenure: I will hold office un dable condition of her military and naval shackled by any other obligation than that force, very large additions to both are deof consulting the public erests and pro- manded by the Government. viding for the public safety.” This is In the French Legislature American language worthy the high position from affairs have been made the subject of prowhich it was uttered.

tracted, able and important discussions. The measure, it is believed, will pass the In the Chamber of Peers the subject was House of Commons, and the Lords will brought up by Count Pelet de La Lozere, acquiesce, though not without a struggle. formerly a Cabinet minister, and a man of It has thrown parties and party organs in. ability. He called upon Guizot for exto some confusion. The Times defends it planations, which were at once afforded. in the main. The Herald, hitherto strict. As between England and the United ly ministerial, cannot “conceal its dis- States, his policy was to preserve an attiappointment at the paltriness of the tude of entire neutrality. But when he compensation offered to the agricultural came to speak of Texas, and of the maninterest.” The Post exhorts all the pro ner in which he had joined with England tectionists, “ all men of common sense and in her efforts to prevent annexation, he sound principle” to oppose the “new de was forced to justify a palpable abandonvice of the enemy”-absolute free trade in ment of neutral principles and a direct incorn at the end of three years; and to pur. terference in American affairs. This led sue under all circumstances a “stern, him naturally to the right which he asserts uncompromising resistance to the scheme." for France and the European powers in The Siandard confesses that it “cannot general, of preserving an equilibrium--a

balance of power-among the various pow. an amiable tone, and his gestures also par. ers on the American Continent. He was take the change. His general deineanor very ably answered by MM. THIERS, is polite, cautious and self-possessed.” Of BERRYER, BILLAULT, and others, and M. the Duke of Wellington the same graphic DE TOCQUEVILLE had announced his in- pencil gives this sketch : “ Just the model tention of speaking on the same side. The of an old soldier ! Stiff, half-deaf, yet cheerspeech of Thiers was long and very able, ful; you may see, even now, that he was, in defence of the United States, urging the in his day, a well-formed, compact man. utility to France of an American alliance, The form of his head and his face inclines and contesting the general principles which to length; the forehead and the posterior Guizot had laid down. By all the orators part of the head are tolerably well elevated. of the opposition the Minister's assump- His white hair is rather plentiful for his tion that the rapid growth of the American age. His eyes are set in wide hollows, and Union was in the least degree dangerous to seem to bear witness to his character, as a , France, was scouted, and his theory of man accustomed to trust his own eyes, interference to prevent its too great ex

rather than to listen to others.” The Czar teasion, was vigorously resisted. The of Russia, a decided notability of the day, ministerial resolutions, however, were says Dr. Carus, “has a tall, handsome, adopted by a decisive majority.

broad-shouldered and powerful figure, In the Literary Intelligence of the month, with symmetrically shaped head, but we find little of any great interest. A his- without any remarkable modeling of the tory by Capt. Keppell, has been published forehead. His hair is brown, and thin at of the English Expedition against the the top: his features are calm, large and Pirates of Borneo, which opens an entirely regular, not without something of elegance new field for description and speculation, and mildness. His carriage is quite miliand is said to possess many features of re- tary; his movements are quick and demarkable interest. The expedition has cisive, and his gestures free and expresshitherto excited but little attention ; but ive.” These extracts indicate vigor, and we doubt not that, although having for its an eye for prominent characteristics, which avowed object merely the suppression of may make the book valuable and interpiracy in one of the East India Islands, it esting. will in the end be found to have had im. SIR JOHN BARROW, in his old age, being portant relations to the extension of Brit- within a year or two as old as GALLATIN, ish commerce and enterprise.

has prepared and published a synoptical Vols. I. and II. of Count Montholon's history of all the English Expeditions of History of the Captivity of Napoleon at St. Discovery and Research in the Arctic Seas. Helena, have made their appearance. As It has, of course, a very marked interest the work will, of course, speedily be re and value. printed in this country, we may defer any The Daily News—the new London rival notice of its character and contents. That of the Times, with which the name of it will be read with avidity may safely be Dickens was connected in the preliminary predicted.

announceinents-made its first appearance A book of Travels through England and on the 21st of January. It is a large and Scotland, by the German Dr. Carus, who very well filled paper, excelling in the deaccompanied the King of Saxony on his partment of musical criticism, and likely, tour in 1844, has just been published in so far as can be judged from appearances, to London, and attracts a good deal of ato prove successful. Dickens' labors thus far tention. It seems to be able, and in a high have not extended beyond two or three degree, interesting. Passing over its “ Traveling Letters ” from Italy. speculations we find quoted from it two A book with the ambitious title of the or three portraits, which our readers may Age of Pilt and Fox," is announced in be glad to see-as this of Sir Robert Peel, London, and the first volume has been igwho“ appears about fifty years old. He sued. It is by the author of “ Ireland and is well built, rather stout, with a signifi- its Rulers," a book of little merit and less · cant structure of the head, inclining tu. success, issued a few years since. We have wards breadth. The three divisions of the seen the first volume of this new book. It cranium are tolerably well proportioned, so is racily written, but falls short of the far as I could observe them through the strength and knowledge with which so ima rather thick grizzled hair-the middle of portant a work should be marked. the head is not high. The countenance Among the books in press, announced in expresses much firmness, united with London, is the Life and Correspondence of something thoroughly prosaic, but acute Hume, by J. H. Burton, to be in two vol. and judicious. In conversation with su umes and prepared from original manuperior personages, [Dr. Carus probably scripts. If well done it cannot fail to be ranks the King of Saxony far above the valuable. Prime Minister of England,] his mode of The other literary announcements are of expression, with all its reserve, falls into no great interest. A splendidly illustrated

book on the Picturesque Antiquities of accidental : of these, 35 persons, supposed Spain has been issued. The Stuart Pa- to be dead, had suddenly awaked just as pers ; the Correspondence of Bishop Atter- their coffins were about to be nailed. M. bury; the letters and papers of Lord Bo. le. Gueru, who presented the paper, exlingbroke, the Earl of Mar, the Duke of presses the belief that at least 27 persons Wharton and others; the Miscellanies of are annually buried while yet alive, in Sir James Mackintosh, collected by his son; France alone. Pericles-a Tale of Athens, by the author Some experiments performed by Profesof a “ Brief Sketch of Greek Philosophy;" sor Faraday, upon the correlated phenomthe fourth volume of d'Aubigne's History ena of magnetism and light, have excited a of the Reformation ; a Life of Sir Philip good deal of interest. The magnetic force Durham ; Kugler's Hand-book of Painting ; employed in these experiments was derived these are all the books announced in regard from an electro-magnet of great size and to which any general interest will be felt. power. The magnet used was a half link New editions of many very valuable books of the former East India moorings, surhave been printed.

rounded by several coils of thick copper An important accession has been made to wire ; and the source of the electric power scientific libraries, in the publication, in was Grove's battery, about twenty cells of quarto and very expensive form, of the which were employed. To give an idea of Magnetical and Meteoric Observations the force of this electro-magnet, Prof. Farmade at the Greenwich Royal Observatory aday stated that “once, while he was at in the year 1843—issued under the direc- work in his laboratory, an iron candlestick tion of the Board of Admiralty. Many of which happened to be standing near its these observations are highly interesting. poles, instantly flew to them, attracted with

Another scientific publication of marked such violence as to displace or break every. value is that upon the Geology of Russia in thing in its way.” A piece of heavy glass Europe and the Ural Mountains, by Mur was so adjusted between the poles of the chison, de Verneuil and Count Von Key- magnet as to receive a ray of the oxy-hyserling-issued in two volumes, uniform drogen light of Drummond, after it had with Murchison's Silurian system. The been polarized and before it had been depomain object of the work is stated to be to larized by Nicholl's eye-piece. The folaid the inquiries of geologists of the pres- lowing facts, demonstrating the magnetism ent day into the order of the older sediment of light, were then exhibited : ary strata, and of the organic remains they

“1. As to the rotation of the ray. A porespectively contain. Russia exhibits an unaltered succession of older rocks, and depolarizing plate, was instantaneously re

larized ray, having been extinguished by ihe presents greater facilities than any other stored when the magnetic current was sent country in Europe for such an inquiry. As through the prism through which the ray was a general result of his investigation, Mr. transmitted; and conversely, the polarized Murchison maintains that “the lower Silu ray, when, hy the common adjustments of rian rocks constitute the earliest formed the plate, it had been made visible, was exsediments in which animal life has been tinguished by the force of the current.

“2. As to the relations of this electro-magdiscovered in tracts where the series, void netic power to other laws of polarized light. of all animal remains in its lowest stratum, The rotation having been established, it was rest on crystalline rocks.” The subject shown (a) that the direction was absolutely of the drift, so extensively spread over dependent on that of the magnetic force (b). Southern Europe, and the boulders which That, while in common circular polarization, accompany it, is treated at considerable the ray of light always rotates in the same length. The second volume of the work direction with regard to the observer, (to whatincludes the palæontology by M. de Ver- rected,) it is very different in the state of the

ever part of the medium hiş view may be dineuil and Count Keyserling, aided by other ray induced by this new force. When brought distinguished naturalists.

under the influence of the magnetic current, At the meeting of the Asiatic Society in polarized rays always rotate in a constant diLondon on the 17th of January, a letter was rection with respeci, not to the observer, but to read from Capt. Newbold, giving a descrip- the plane of the magnetic curves. tion of some remarkable tombs he had vis. In exhibiting the results of these highly ited in North Arcot, which cover an area interesting experiments, Prof. Faraday statof more than a square mile, and are said to ed that it did not seem to him impossible, bear a close resemblance to some of the that the sun's rays might be found to origiDruidical remains of England.

nate the magnetic force of the earth, and At the Paris Academy of Sciences on the the air and water of our planet might be 12th a paper of mournful interest was read proved to be the dia-magnetic media in on the premature interments, which, under which this condition of the force was elim.' existing regulations, are known to occur inated. The subject had attracted the atmore or less frequently in France. It was tention of the Paris Academy, and had been stated that since 1833 no less than 94 such there discussed. burials were prevented by causes purely At a recent sitting of the Royal Academy

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