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parted through the wires; and then, too, my journey, my host, as voluble conwe might have artificial palates and lungs cerning his great projects as on the night for talking, or one person might pass before, showed me the apparatus by directly into another's hollow body, thus which he intended to carry them into intermingling and interchanging thought effect. They consisted of a branch from by silent, immediate felt communion, the repaired flume of the mill, leading certainly, with glass eyes, we should into his room, where it protruded from have no difficulty in seeing, as the soul the ceiling and was stopped by a facet ; is alone truly and all sensitive; and as this was his inexhaustible douche for the other senses, such powers would bath,” which, by its continued action, be for the most part superfluous, having was to disintegrate his visible from his no more occasion for fuel, food, nor in- magnetic inner body. Beneath this stood deed sleep! Upon this, his thoughts a large box, in which he was to sit exreturned to himself, and feeling, doubt- posed to the falling stream; the bottom less, that he had justly earned immortal perforated with holes to admit the escape fame by so splendid and benevolent a of the water and of his material structure, discovery, he exclaimed, “Ah, how will as fast as it was worn away; from this posterity then regard me ?” Glad of some led a conducting wire, to receive his fluid relief to an incontrollable sense of the body, as soon as it was wholly emanciludicrous which had gradually crept over pated from the flesh; the wire was me, I sprang to my feet, and, seizing his stretched upon glass knobs in the walls, hand, shouted, “Immortal Von Blixum! and, passing several times around the immortal Von Blixum !”
room, (to make the experiment more Reassured by applause, our philoso. satisfactory, and give greater variety to pher struck off at a fresh gallop upon his first telegraphic journey) terminated Leibnitz’ theory of monads, and Bosco- in a suit of armor or artificial body, vich's conjecture that matter is only a which was to take the place of his congeries of attracting points, asserting troublesome flesh and bones. This was his belief that these immaterial monads simply a hollow pasteboard shell-a facor points might be made perfectly mobile, simile of bimself-jointed together with so that any body could be drawn out into hinges of silk, (a non-conductor like the a mathematical line, for convenience in paper) and having glass eyes, wberetelegraphic transportation; or, otherwise, from the etherealized Blixum could look that any substance, merchandise, houses, abroad; it was also lined with tinfoil even sphinxes, obelisks and the Pyra. throughout, like a Leyden jar,—our exmids, as well as men and animals, might perimenter not yet being certain whether be subjected to his thorough-going Water the freed and soul-inhabited body of Cure, and hecome so clarified from gross human magnetism would expand to its matter, so liquefied, or rather etherealized, original shape in its former animal body, as to be easily run through the electro or would betake itself to surfaces, like magnetic telegraph, and afterwards, re common electricity. turning by some occult law to their
After examining all these with a beoriginal shape, be reēndued with their lieving and interested air, I bade my good visible and tangible properties by a pos- friend adieu, promising to be at the mill sible process yet undiscovered,
,-a process just four months therefrom, by which similar to that of petrifaction, only more time he calculated his experiment would rapid. At this point, from the reaction be completed, so that he would be able to of my long-sustained and now both grati. receive me in his glorified, pasteboard fied and disappointed curiosity, as well as state. in consequence of the lateness of the
Ha, ha! my fond philosopher,” shouthour and the fatiguing influences of the ed as soon as beyond his hearing, day, I fairly laughed myself asleep. “your douche bath will give you a
The sun had long been shining through damper-a chilling dissuasion from your chinks in the crazy old building, when I foolhardy purpose, long before you can awoke and proceeded to arouse Mynheer carry it into execution.” Ah! little did I Von Blixum, who had probably talked appreciate the self-denying and quenchhimself asleep long after I became un less courage of the devoted Von Blixum, conscious, and was now snoring away or think that I had shaken his honest at as persevering and glorious a rate as fleshy hand for the last time! Neverthehe bad talked. We break fasted on cold less, as the months slipped away, I could pigeon and biscuit, and before I resumed not but fancy him sitting patiently under
his cold, hard-pouring bath, and gradu- supply the detail, while 1 hasten to the ally dissected by the sharp, cutting tor- conclusion of this most veritable disclorent—first denuded of his epidermis, next sure. I was soon on the same familiar his muscles and veins laid bare and ghast- terms with this great modern discoverer, ly as a manikin, then a mere fibrous though not without a double awe from mass of nerves and ligaments, then a sitting in the presence of such a genius, skeleton, and lastly, every bone washed and so metamorphosed and embodied. away, leaping ecstatically through the The figure, after extending its hollow conducting wire of his telegraph. hand and pressing mine with silent con
gratulation, sat down and wrote some The snow was upon the ground and paragraphs to the effect that he (Von B.) sprinkled over the leafless forest-trees, had just substituted a few inches of small when, punctual to my engagement, i hair-wire, ata certain point in the telegraph turned aside from a journey through the for the purpose of ascertaining through same region, to visit the ruined mill. As how small a conductor he could pass in his I approached it alone, on a bright winter present state, having accomplished an inevening, I saw that the snow was un stantaneous transit through the large wire trodden in the little secluded valley and when first freed, the day before, from his around the building, and I trembled to former gross body; also informing me think that my worthy friend might long that he had prepared another artificial since have been frozen to death, or per- body (connected with one end of the ished by some fatal accident. A cold wire) into which, after making the tour tremor crept over me as I unbarred the of the chamber—in fact passing five chamber door, and catching the sound of times around-he would enter, leaving falling water, stepped into the chill, si- the armor he then inhabited to collapse lent apartment; I drew forth a match and and fall, immediately on his darting into lighted the stump of a candle, fortunately the other end of the telegraph. Curious left
upon the mantel-piece, over the huge to see this sudden change of place and fire-place ; then, turning around, I dis. dress, or rather body, I watched him as tinguished one after another the chests, he passed the nearest end of the wire specimens, apparatus and furniture, in through the silken joints of his paper the same state that I saw them four fingers ; in an instant his first receptacle months before. Finally, I cast my eye collapsed ; the corresponding one at the with a shudder into the perforated box, other extremity was not moved and inflabeneath the douche bath; the water was ted by his presence; no, the bit of interpouring furiously down, and in a mass vening hair-wire upon the opposite wall, of foam at the bottom-mirabile scriptu! through which he trusted safely to pass, -lay the poor man's antique spectacles! at the self-same instant glowed with
The thought flashed through my mind white heat-melted—dropped! I seized that the dauntless Von Blixum had ful. the light and ran to the spot; an upright filled his resolution, and involuntarily I beam of wood in the wall at that point looked around to find him standing in his was scorched and shivered to the floor; artificial body. I was not disappointed, for I ran down into the lower apartment; at that instant he advanced from a corner the same terrible effect was visible to the of the room-positively advanced, not in very ground, which, ploughed up a little his once venerable and merry-looking flesh way from the beam, lay all beyond unand blood, but in the pasteboard shell, disturbed beneath the moonlit snow! his step easy and firm, his glass eyes The daring philosopher had involuntarily glowing with a blue, inner, electric light, escaped beyond recovery; he had perand the paper breast and sides heaving ished a sacrifice to science. and shaking, as if his spiritualized body Profound Von Blixum! Indomitable were convulsed with laughter. I stag- Von Blixum! Immortal Von Blixum ! gered with terror against the wall. Reach me a fan, reader, lest I
off into of my gradual recovery and feelings a swoon or a sonnet! long tumultuous, I leave imagination to
SIR ROBERT PEEL.
The life and public career of this interest with which, when admonition eminent man illustrate the power of was necessary, he admonished or retalent, capacity and conduct-even in a proved his scholars. The school when government so largely imbued with aris- the Peels entered it, about the same time tocratical principles as that of Great with the writer of this sketch, was in its Britain-to make their way to the highest most flourishing condition-numbering political station. In this point of view, nearly three hundred boys—taken from even if in no other, some notice of the all classes of English society. Although incidents of such a life cannot be with largely endowed by the munificence of out interest or encouragement in this an individual-Mr. Lyon—there were country-where merit in whatever lowly not, as at Eton and elsewhere, any condition nurtured-and talent and con scholars on the foundation-or gratuiduct from whatever rank springing- tously educated; all were on the same may, with fewer theoretical obstacles footing, and from a Duke to the son of a than in England, aim at the summits of fortunate Jew pedler, all mingled toplace and power.
gether, recited together, and played toSir Robert Peel was, by birth and po- gether. This lesson of equality—of no sition, a plebeian-altogether a little importance in a country where the homo, or new man. His father was a inequalities in the social system are so simple manufacturer, who by means of enormous—was still farther inculcated American cotton, Whitney's gin, and the by the usage of fagging, which obtained marvelous improvement and develop- at Harrow, as at all the other public ment of the spinning-jenny and the steam schools of England. According to this engine, in the early part of this century, usage, all the boys of the lower forms resuscitated the decayed borough of are at certain times, and to a certain Tamworth, in Staffordshire, by the estab- extent, bound to do the bidding of the lishment there of very extensive cotton upper forms, even to the extent of menial factories, which employed at one time, it service. Each upper boy has, generally is said, some fifteen thousand persons, speaking, a special fag, who provides and which paid an annual excise on his breakfast and tea, arranges his books, printed goods of above £40,000.
brushes his clothes, and goes of er. Such a man was, of course, too con- rands for him; but when not thus ensiderable a person by position to be over- ployed for his special master so the fag is looked by such a minister as. Mr. Pitt. bound to serve any upper-form boy, He therefore cultivated the thriving whom he may casually meet, and who manufacturer-attached him warmly to needs his services. During recreation, his political fortunes, and in 1801 made fags are stationed where the big boys play, him a haronet.
so as to be ready at call to execute any The subject of this notice was born in command :-for instance, the spacious 1788, and before he was 11 years old yard of the school-house was surrounded was sent with his brother William to by high brick walls, which separated it Harrow School, which, though not of from the gardens or yards of the neighroyal foundation, then enjoyed a repu- bors. This yard was the chosen place tation as a public school, not surpassed, for the game of football, and for rackets if at that time equaled, by either Eton, played against the lofty brick school. Westminster or Winchester.
house; and on these occasions, fags were Harrow was at the period referred to stationed by the hour on the walls, to under the mastership of the Rev. Dr. drop down on the other side and return Drury-clarum et venerabile nomen the ball that was kicked or struck over which none of the thousands he, through them. Intolerable as such a usage ap. a long and arduous career, trained to pears here—and impossible to be enforced honor and usefulness, can ever pro. ---it was yet quietly and naturally acqui. nounce, without recalling the fine counte- esced in at Harrow. It was the common nance, the firm yet gentle manner, the lot, which each in turn underwent, as persuasive voice, and especially the each in turn anticipated the time when he mingled tone of dignity and affectionate too would be privileged to fag. Its
practical effect, as has been already the Marquis of Hartington, (the present stated, was to induce the completest Duke of Devonshire,) each brought with sense of equality—while, possibly, a yet him a private tutor, charged with prehigher lessson was taught each boy by paring him for recitation—but both re. the submission which preceded command citing in school with their form, and --that of self-government, and of doing subject in all things else to the rules and to others as he would be done by. discipline of the school.
Liable as such a usage would seem The earliest distinct recollection the to abuse, not more than three or four in writer has of Peel is, when they were stances are recalled during an experience together in the fourth form-an interof five years, where actual abuse was mediate stage between the condition of perpetrated; and in the most signal of a fag which ends with the third formthese, the offender, the son of a peer and that of a master which begins with and himself a Lord by courtesy, was the Shell, an intermediate form between judged and punished by his own class- the fourth and fifth, the sixth being the mates, the big boys, with unusal severity. last and highest.
The instruction at Harrow, at the date He was at that time about thirteen referred to, was almost entirely classical years old, with light eyes, sandy hair and -no mathematics, no physicial science, complexion, somewhat disposed to corno modern languages, no accomplish- pulency, careless, good-natured, not ments were taught there—but Latin and much addicted to athletic sports, a great Greek, and Greek and Latin, were the adept at throwing stones, so as to kill Alpha and the Omega of the whole birds with them as he was sauntering course. But they were well taught from along the hedge rows—but always ready the Latin Accidence to the Greek Tra- with his lessons and exercises. He gedians. The whole structure, power, studied, as he played, with a sort of negand beauty of the two languages, were ligence, which yet must have been more thoroughly drilled into the pupil; and in appearance than reality, for he was with that knowledge, while acquiring the always early and perfect in school. Study key to all grammar, and to all languages obviously cost bim nothing. Amid many - he acquired—if at all happily gifted or turbulent scenes, either among the boys disposed, that sure taste, that sound themselves or between them and the town judgment, that mental discipline, which boys, which, from this period onward to an intelligent study of the great masters the close of his school days at Harrow, of Greece and Rome so surely produces. are remembered by the writer, he does
In such a school, at the age of 11 years, not recollect that Peel was ever engaged Peel and his brother entered—there amid in any of them. Not that he was wantpeers and commoners-noble, gentle and ing either in enterprise or courage-deplebeian, to run the race of scholarship. fects which a public school never leaves The boys boarded about the village, unrevealed or unvisited, yet of which no either in the houses of the respective one suspected him, but he was that masters, or in those of persons authorized even or perhaps indifferent temperament, to receive boarders, and whose houses that he did not read take sides, or were under the supervision of the mas- warmly enlist, with any particular set. ters. Peel boarded with the Rev. Mark Possibịy in this trait of boyhood, may be Drury, brother of the head-master, and found some explanation and illustration master of the third form. All lessons of several passages in his subsequent were recited in school-a spacious three- public career. From like causes, perstory brick building, divided into the haps, he was not much renowned at necessary class-rooms, and surmounted cricket, at football, or at hunting the on the projecting tower in which ran the bare—all exercises requiring violent and common and only stairway-by a wood. long.continued bodily exertion--but preen lion rampant painted red !--a literal ferred passing the hours of play in solimemorial of the founder, whose name tary ramblings, perhaps half musing, was Lyon. But the lessons were learned which kept the mind in activity without out of school, and each boy had from fatiguing the body. among the masters his private tutor, As he rose in the school, passing from with whom he studied, and by whom he form to form, he became remarkable for was prepared for recitation. This was the facility with which he wrote Latin the almost universal rule—though at the and Greek verses. According to the time in question, the Duke of Dorset and course of discipline and instruction, each
Tuesday and Thursday was a half holi- part, the orations of Drances and Turnus, day—that is, there were no recitations at the council called by King Latinus after 12 o'clock—and Saturday was a to determine whether the war against whole holiday. But on each of these days Æneas should still be waged, or whether a task was imposed, which, in the upper it were better to sue for peace, were as. forms, consisted of writing an exercise in signed—the first to Lord Byron, the second Latin or Greek verse, or a theme upon to Peel. any given subject in one of these lan Those who remember or will turn to guages. It was permitted for the Satur- the Xlth Book of the Æneid, will be day's exercise, if any one had the gist, to aware that the fiery Turnus, who aspired write in English verse, but during a pe- to the hand of Lavinia, the daughter of riod of five years, only two instances are the King, and through her to the succesremembered of this alternative having sion of the throne, counseled every exbeen embraced ; and even the two boys tremity rather than that of submission to who did thus adventure verses in their the Trojan wanderers, and to a foreign mother tongue, were--such was the pres- yoke. Drances, on the other hand, his enetige of the classics-looked upon some my and his rival-strong in council rather what disdainfully. Yet one of these was than in arms, and weary of contending Lord Byron! In this faculty of Latin against Fate—which, as Æneas, with and Greek versification, Peel eminently pious fraud, took care to spread abroad, excelled; and often and often, early on a had assigned the Latin Empire to his Monday morning, before school went in, sway, was for submission and peace. has the writer seen five or six boys clus. Drances opens the council with urgent ter round Peel--some of them bigger and entreaties for peace, and proposes that older than himself—begging him to do King Latinus should secure it forever by the exercises for them, which they had giving to Æneas, a worthy son-in-law, entirely neglected ; and as often has he and in magnificent hymeneals, the Laviseen bim sit down on the ground or steps, nia whom Turnus loved ; and then turntake out the little ink-horn which most ing to this fierce chieftain, Drances, of the boys carried, and, almost as fast as taunts him with sacrificing the lives of he could trace the characters, write off his countrymen to his own personal amhalf a dozen exercises of from eight to bition, and finally bids him go, if he be twenty Hexameters each, on as many really the brave man he boasts himself, to different subjects. So great and reliable seek Æneas, and in single combat to dewas his facility in this matter—as well cide their respective fate. as his good nature—that certain idlers Turnus, in reply, enumerates the trohabitually trusted to such a chance of phies he has won-scotfs at the affected having their exercises ready; and unless valor of Drances, and dares him to the something occurred to prevent Peel from proof by instantly rushing upon their getting up to the school in sufficient time, enemies— before the bell rang, to comply with their
-Circumstant undique muros, request, they were never disappointed.
Imus in adversos ? Quid cessas ?" Thus good-natured, cheerful, clever and indifferent-using that word as indi- and then, after a pause of scorn, he adds cating the absence of any particular at: with withering disdain : tachment or preferences-Peel passed on, liked by all, and without opposition,
-An tibi Mavors, rivalry or quarreling with any of his
Ventosa in lingua, pedibusque fugaci
bus istis, school-fellows.
Semper erit ?" In his last year, 1803 or 4-being then in the sixth form—he was called upon to This scene which, by the by, is one of take part in the annual ceremonial of the the finest, most powerfully wrought and SPEECHES, analogous somewhat to those exquisitely written in the whole Æneid, of our college commencements, except had been carelessly rehearsed once or that instead of the ordinary crudities of twice by the speakers before the day of original composition with which our au- public exhibition, without any particular diences are on such occasions entertained, effect; but on that day—a very large and these speeches were generally selections distinguished audience attending—the from the classic writers either in prose or manner in which the last passage just poetry
quoted was given by Peel and received by At the exhibition in which Peel took Byron and by the audience, made an in