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pose being toexhibit the progress of Ronge's ings are executed in distemper, and are church. He did this, by designating the said to be an excellent illustration of this religions of the various localities by various art in the time of their execution. devices, such as mitres, crosses, Sc., &c. Of new publications in England, there To secure himself against persecution he have been few worthy of special notice. applied to several censors of the capital, Southey's posthumous poem, Oliver Newwho decided that the map was not subject man, is in press in this city, and will probto censorship. He took the precaution to ably be before the public before our magaappeal to the High Court of Censorship, zine has been issued. The hero is a son of which confirmed the judgment, so far as one of the regicides who fled from England his maps were concerned. He accordingly after the accession of Charles II., and the published them, and sold an immense scene of the Poem is laid in this country. edition. Another censor, however, entered We notice among our foreign papers a rea complaint against Herr Löwenberg him- mark made by a person, who has been self, and another against the High Court of favored with a perusal of Wordsworth's Censorship, by which his publication had great poem, the Recluse, of which the been permitted. Both cases remain to be Excursion is a part, that it abounds in tried.
personal allusions to eminent British States. A series of paintings, of the time of Henry men of the time of the French Revolution, VIII., has been discovered upon the end of of the utmost bitterness. It is suggested Carpenter's Hall, in London. It has been that this may have been one among the examined by a committee of artists, and reasons which have combined to delay its measures have been taken to preserve it. publication so long. Dickens' Italian The painting is almost three feet in depth, Sketches, it is said, are to be first published and extends the entire width of the wall. in the Daily News, the new paper of which It is divided into four subjects, all bearing he is to be the literary editor. The first allusion to the craft of carpenters. The number was to be issued on the 21st of first represents God ordering Noah to build January. the ark, and the consequent progress of the We have before us a great amount of work. The second is a group of figures valuable and interesting matter for our with a regal personage enthroned, who Miscellany, in the reports of the doings of bears a remarkable resemblance to Henry the Paris Academy of Sciences, those of the VIII.! An inscription states, that the pic- various British scientific, literary and artisture is intended for King Josias ordering tic associations, and in the literary journals the money collected in the temple to be of England and the Continent. A lack of delivered to the carpenters for repairing space, however, compels us for the present the building. The third exhibits Joseph to lay them aside, and to close this hasty at work at his trade; Mary is seated be- and inadequate summary. Hereafter, we side him busily engaged in spinning, and shall endeavor to make this department a the child Jesus, with a halo round his more complete and satisfactory rehearsal head, is picking up the chips and putting of the various matters of interest, in all dethem into a basket. The fourth subject is partments of thought, of speech and of acJesus teaching in the temple. These paint. tion, which may reach us from foreign lands.
HART'S BUST OF CLAY.
surprised men into the suspicion that this
would prove true, and the world-renown It was said by an acute and brilliant of Powers has left no room for doubt. We man here at the North, several years since, can all see now why it should be so, nat. “that American Art must come out of the urally enough. We have to be reminded great West.” Now, what renders this some two or three times a century that worth quoting at all is the fact that it had true Genius does not and cannot grow in been said before Powers was known. It hot-houses. That masterful and concen. would look like being owlishly oracular trated quiet of energy necessary to make upon a " foregone conclusion,” to expatiate itself félt, like an unheard volcano, in the
with pretension to originality, upon shaking of its times, must have large, such an assertion, since Clevenger had first healthful lungs, which do not often grow
80 amidst the cutting dust of Resort. Its countrymen! This Association has, in strength comes to it unconsciously, as it characteristic good taste, selected as the does to Nature's sublimest creatures out of Artist who is to crown their enduring dedithe repose of her elements. The same cation with the statue of Mr. Clay, the solitudes of air, sun, dews and storms in Sculptor who has executed the only true which the thews of the oak have grown bust of him in existence, and who is in knotted through its century-shading arms, addition from his own State. Hari's bust are favorable to the formative period of the of Clay has surprised connoisseurs in many Creative Power. Amid her grand objects respects. There is not only a remarkably and fresh life, Genius assumes that indi. minute and it would seem at first painiully viduality, those garments of strength, the skilliul elaboration of the slightest and world is to know it by through all time. most delicate play of his (at present) atWhen it is thus fully clothed, the period tenuated muscles, but you are surprised to for its action has come, and it goes forth- find united with this the daring and dashno matter from or through what obscurity- ing vigor of general effect which could it must make itself recognized. There are alone express the ensemble of his powerful soine everywhere with the prophetic vision character. Though to some degree acand the open hand, who are not slow to quainted personally with the chivalric help. The law and necessity of action in it Hero of modern statesmanship, we were is to ascend. Its mission has to be ex not prepared to realize how fully the cool pressed.
but keen-glittering spirit of the man shone “And what if Art, an ardent intercessor,
through his physique, until we had studied Diving on fiery wings to Nature's throne,
this white, dumb articulation. Nor did Checks the great Mother, stooping to ca
we feel a less yearning, intense interest in
the artist who had produced this magical ress her, And cries, Give me, thy child, Dominion;" work, when we learned that he came irom
that region of remote massive shadows we Dominion is its right, which it will have have mentioned; and that, too, it was beif it be true to itself. Healthy strength is neath the deepest obscurations of a poverty resistless. Diseased strength may be ex. and ignorance unusual even there-with pected to defeat its own purposes. How. no other light than that which came down ever sublime its wings, they are not oiled; upon him, self-attracted, out of Heavenand when the rains come, it sinks found he had toiled patiently ar.d unsmiled upon. dering.
That still, small light, though, bas been We could hardly avoid such a course of sufficient to guide his boyish leanings tothought in this connection. We have been wards Plastic Art, through the rude brown strongly impressed with the image, that forms of squirrel, bird and burse in clay, from the mighty shadows of our remote up to this blancheu sublimation in the pure and vast interior, beneath which such Parian stone. We congralulate the country countless throngs of hardy, daring Life are that such a man has been already so signimoving, there must come forth many a ficantly rewarded, and hope, as we believe, quick-eyed Shape-large-boned and large- this artist of the West is to chisel his way hearted—whose tread the age will feel! through a triumphant career of “marble They will come redolent of their native achievement.” He shall not only transfer airs-rude but intense—the physical em. to “ monuments eterne" ihe Actual and bodiments of that yet clouded but magniti. the Real in the living subject. The Ideal cent Force which is to constitute our Na. is built up from the Real ; and the Sculptor tional Character. And as they come, if who can reproduce in stone the whoie they be true Expressions, let us welcome varied expression of a countenance so exthen-no matter from what source-into ceedingly mobile as Mr. Clay's, cannot fail, the light. We must shake off from our in the development of much study, to give thews and nerves the venom of that Trans. free embodiment to the visions of high ImAtlantic taunt that we are unoriginal in aginationour Literature and imitative in our Art! “Making the pale stone show the Shapes of That we can and shall do this has been Thoi ght, already significantly intimated from various Whereon long ages shall in wor.der gaze.” quarters in our science and literature, and is beginning to be even more so in our Art. The Life of Mozart, including his Cor. The respect for Art, and a feeling that its respondence. By EDWARD HOLMES, encouragement among us is necessary to
author of a “Ranıble among the Musi. our self-respect in view of our reputation cians of Germany." New York : HARand recognition among nations, we are PER & BROTHERS, 82 Clifi street. 1845. pleased to see, is becoming every day devel. THE character of Mozart is one of the oped with more emphasis.
most remarkable of modern histcry. In An Association of Ladies (Heaven bless, some respects, it is the absolute anomaly as it kindled them!) has determined to of all times. Nature seems, in this case, embody in monumental expression the in. to have taken a mischievous delight in dignant sense of the injustice done by his setting at naught all these signs she her. country to one of her greatest statesmen, self had accustomed the nations to regard and the glory conferred by him upon his as peculiarly marking the idiosyncrasies of
Genius. In the first place, his person was body, also, was in perpetual motion; he was very insignificant-failing utterly to express either playing with his hands, or beating ihe that harmonious syminetry of the physi. ground with his foot.” cal with the spiritual, which has usually
These facts are more curious than un. characterized the unity of power-such as natural. This exquisite, nervous suscepti. was exhibited in the physique of the classic bility—this vivid and irritable sense of sages - in that of Shakspeare, Milton, external effects, constituted the whole Göthe, Schiller, Alfieri, Napoleon, Shell physical man a perfect instrument-each ley, &c., as well as that of Christ if the minutest fibre of all the delicate tissue of institution of such a comparison be not ir. his frame, a living chord, vibrating tenreverent. In proof of this we quote from
derly to every motion of the outward life. his biographer.
Nature first made melody to his soul ure, and was annoyed when he heard that others. Indeed, considering the whole life “He was sensitive with regard to his fig through all his senses; then it was repro
duced by his pen, to harmonize the souls of one, * You must not estimate the genius of of Mozart, from his wonderful infancy, up Mozart by the insignificance of his exterior." through his gloomy, struggling, neglected
Then, again, he was what is called a manhood, to his mysterious and romantic “precocious Genius”-a sort of inconse: death, it has left upon us an impression as quential phenomenon, become proverbial
“A wild and harmonized lune for its “hollow promise.". At the age of
His spirit struck from all the beautiful.” four, he composed little pieces which his
Poor Mozart! his was the pitiful, though father wrote down for him; at six, he com
common fate of Genius—suffering and neposed and wrote a concerto, with a full glected about in proportion to its superiori. score of accompaniments. Besides per
ty! By the way, there is a great deal of forming on any instrument presented, with cant in the world about “neglected Ge. perfect ease and readiness, the most diffi- nius,” with its crust and garret. It is a cult compositions of the masters, yet, con. question with us, whether this asceticism trary to all such instances, before or since, of necessity, so much bemoaned, has not, in his after life was a consistent development
nine cases out of ten, been the “compul. of this amazing promise ; and the Mozart,
sion on which Genius has risen to its in the glory and fullness of his matured highest accomplishments—“Power resting Genius, as the great composer, was, and
on its own right arm”-soon grows to love could only have been the healthy and natu- the luxury of repose! Starvation rouses ral growth upon Mozart-the infant prod- the lazy, lumbering-looking pelican into igy-the pet and marvel of all the kings the most graceful of ** arrowy.winging fishand courts of Europe! Then, again, allers.". Yet, the case of Mozart was really a our “precedents " ' are confounded and very hard one. His restless nature needed set at naught by another peculiarity, even
no compulsion; (here the other question more at variance than these with all we
arises—whether true Genius ever does ?] had thought and known, as characterizing but worked from a law and a necessity of the bearing of the Creative man, con. its being , whether it would havebeen with cerning whom we have been involuntarily the prolific intensity which filled out the accustomed to think, with Keats, as of one immense catalogue of his labors, had the « Who ponders high and deep, and in whose be sought, shown a more liberal apprecia
brutal and selfish courts whose patronage face We see astonied that severe content
tion, we think is doubtful! It is certain, Which comes of thought and musing." though, that his most famous Opera, “ II
Mozart is represented as exceedingly im. Don Giovanni,” was composed under the pressible and volatile- a very embodiment exaltation of his glorions reception at of the spirit of Unrest, with quicksilver in Prague, by the enthusiastic Pohemians. his veins-one of those who
With all its painsul vicissitudes, his life “ Renage, affirm and tum their halcyon charming passage—that of his long and af
was rendered beautiful by at least one beaks With every gale and vary-"
fectionate intercourse with his great rival, of humor and accident. This mast have Haydn, whom he styled his " Father in been the case to even a ludicrous degree pronounced him the greatest composer
music,” and who, with equal magnanimity, reminding his friends rather of the silly in the world.” The biography is written ducking observant,” than of the power. by a profound connoisseur,“ scholarly ful Genius.
“Mozart, when he washed his hands in withal,” and in a neat and simple style. the morning, could never remain quiet, but traversed his chamber, knocking one heel Reports of Criminal Cases tried in the against the other, immersed in thonght. Al Municipal Court of the City of Poston, tahle he would fasten the corners of his nap before PETER OXENBRIDGE THACHER, kin, and, while drawing it backward and Judge of that Court, from 1823 to 1843. forward in his mouth, make grimaces, appa Edited by HORATIO WOODMAN, of the rently lost in meditation. Schlictegroll has observed that Mozart's physiognomy was
Suffolk Bar. Boston: Charles C. Little remarkable for its extreme mobility. The
and James Brown. 184.5. expression changed every moment. His Law books are usually so limit?
nature and interest, except to members of great attention throughout the country, is the profession, that they seldom come pro. reported at length, and will be read with perly under our notice. The volume before great interest. Among other important us, however, is an exception, in almost trials may be found those for conspiracy, every particular, from this class of books. dueling, forgery, perjury, counterfeiting, It extends over a period of twenty years, is kidnapping, selling of lottery tickets and the work of one hand, and many of the cases making false bank returns. The volume it contains excited intense interest at the is large and beautifully printed. time of their occurrence, and have a pecu. liar and abiding importance. As our courts Sketches of Modern Literature, and are constituted, it seldom happens that a Eminent Literary Men. By GEORGE criminal tribunal has such an extensive GILFILLAN. From the Second Edition. jurisdiction as that of the Municipal Court Appleton's Miscellany. of the city of Boston; and it is still more rare that a judge of the learning, ability This is a capital book. It is light, flowand reputation of the late Judge Thacher ing, exceedingly readable, and displays a presides over such a court so long. No- peculiar acuteness. Like remarks by annthing need be said by us of his conscien- ther about persons with whom we ourselves tiousness and integrity in the administration have been familiar, we do not take all the of justice, or of his learning and capacity writer's opinions for our own. He occaas a lawyer. His high character as a ma- sionally makes too much of his subjectgistrate was not only known to the profes- elevates his Hero a few numerals too close sion in New England, but his published to the “ seventh Heaven”-of invention. charges to grand juries, and occasional We can readily perceive the source of this reports of important cases tried before error, and as it is a virtue not very common him, had made him known throughout the to Biographical analysts, we can readily country. It is almost the only American pardon it. He seems to be a sort of sketchy work deserving the name and authority of Admirable Crichton-in his singular facula book of criminal reports; and it will help ty of assimilation, a perfect literary Chameto supply the want which the profession leon. He projects himself so vividly and has long felt of books of criminal prece. forcibly into the mind he depicts, that he dents and authorities in the United States. seems to become literally unified with it.
But it is the general interest and import. In the chapter on Carlyle, you find yourself ance of the work to which we intended suddenly involved in the subtle mazes, and particularly to allude. It has been well amused and astounded by the rugged and said that no one can write the history of a flashing grotesquery, peculiar to the style nation without reading its statute books; of that writer. So, in talking of Landor, and if these, which are sometimes the land- he adopts the grand sententious march of marks and again the petrifactions of the his Orphic delivery. The sombre force of genius of a people, are thus important, the gloomy and ascetical Foster is assumed certainly the trials which arise under them to depict himself—so with the rattling verare at once the guage of the force of the satility of Brougham, the subdued humor of statute, and eminently illustrative of the Lamb, &c. He handles the different incharacter and habits of a people. Statutes tensities of this various thunder with the are often dead letters; and the frequency grasp and freedom of a master. In this and results of trials tell us which of them view the book is quite a phenomenon-a the moral sense of a community keeps alive literary curiosity. Of Jefferey, Brougham, and stringent, and which, from loss of vir. and Macaulay, Coleridge, Shelley, Wordstue or freedom froin bigotry, it allows to worth and Campbell, Hazlitt, Wilson, Lan. lapse into desuetude.
dor, Lockhart, Lamb and Carlyle--a gossipThis volume, extending over so long a ing and pleasant article might, and may be period, and embracing such a variety sf made from the materials furnished by this topics, is replete with local and historical book of Gilfillan's; but we advise the readinterest. It illustrates New England mor er to read for himself. als, laws and life. It opens to us scenes
We shall also take another opportuntiy where the passions or sympathies of a of expressing again at length the high escommunity noted for its sober certain. timate which the country ought to set upon ties” were aroused, which eloquence “ The Farmer's Library and Monthly soothed or stimulated, and which judicial Journal of Agriculture.” We cannot but learning, firmness and impartiality disre- think it well worth the fullest support of garded or tempered to a deeper respect for that greatest of our national interests. the law and its ministers. There are some five important cases of libel, before and Montezuma, the Last of the Aztecs: An after the law admitting the truth in justi
Historical Romance on the Conquests of fication, in which the history and bearing
Mexico. By EDWARD MATURIN. of the law of libel are treated with great fullness and ability. The trial of Abner A splendid theme, certainly, has here Kneeland for blasphemy, which excited been selected-onc little known and less
illustrated. The author deserves credit for Appleton's Literary Miscellany. Life of his enterprise and industry. He has done Schiller, by T. CARLYLE. what we could wish our American authors
This volume and his life of Burns have were more in the habit of doing-he has introduced his readers to what should be Carlyle as his
best books. The reason as
been named by some of the admirers of claimed by appropriation, as an exclusively signed for such preference is, that they American field — for, in a Literary sense, at least,
were written in clear, smooth English, and
before he had set himself to make our lan" The whole boundless continent is ours." guage bristle (monstrum horrendum) “with
as many heads and horns as the beast in The legendary and historical wealth of this Daniel's vision !" We will not dispute entire hemisphere should be made ours by tastes. The books are exceedingly good, the bloodless conquest of the Pen. It is a unquestionably, and would make the duty we owe to our Literature, and each reputation of half-a-dozen writers who pioneer in a new field should be greeted come under the average of “scholarly and with kindness. Mr. Maturin is a polite able,”--for they are a full as an egg is of scholar, possessing great zeal and earnest- meat;" but as contrasted with Sartor Re
We would suggest whether such sartus, the Lives of Mahommed, of Crom. capabilities and energies might not be suc- well, &c., they remind us of cessfully applied in bringing to light, “The man's thought dark in the infant's through translations, many of those quaint brain," old records of the Conquest, left behind by the Spanish monks, which would pleasantly or of two pictures we once saw-one a illustrate those times of gorgeous romance
Peasant's Child just learning to walk, and and daring chivalric adventure, Such a clinging to the Grand Dame's arm-chair to work would be appreciated, and received support its tottering steps; the other-the with favor. Though we have the cream of same Child—a hirsute Chamois Hunter, most of them in Prescott's laborious work vaulting sublimely the deep rists of Alpine -yet there is an an antiquated character crags, while avalanches thundered down and fullness in their gossiping details, loosened beneath his daring, heedless which would be highly interesting. This tread! To us this image is satisfactory. romance is a pleasing one-though the style It fully expresses the extremes of differis overcharged and wants vigor.
These rude salient points complained of are the spiritual features of the man Thomas Carlyle. Around their rough
exalted pinnacles “the lightning of his Wordsworth, a Poem, by William Wal- being plays.” The quick illumination he New York: Huntington & Sav
throws down upon The “flattened earth.” age, 216 Pearl street.
would not be his were it not glanced from
these peaks and angles; neither would it We are pleased to perceive in the style so pierce and fire the darkened hearts or and elegance of the little volume before us
brains of men but that it were disjected that the publishers have done their part just as it is. As an admirable book in not ungracefully in expressing the value itself, contrasted with other books of the of this fine poem, which, it will be remem
sort, we like this one; but we think it is bered, appeared in our columns last month. not to be regarded as the expression, more In addition to the neatness of typography than remotely, of the present Carlyleand beauty of externals, which do them who, as the matured critic of Schiller, great credit, they have embellished it with would have made a very different book. as good a portrait of the gray Seer of Winandermere as we remember to have American Journal of Science and Arts, seen. As for our contributor, we will let
Second Series. Conducted by Pror. his poet-brother speak for us. Mr. Street,
SILLIMAN, B. SILLIMAN, Jr., and in an Albany Journal, says:
JAMES D. DANA, New Haven, Conn. “ Then succeeds a noble poem by Will On the third page of our cover will be iam Wallace, entitled “Wordsworth. It seen a prospectus of a new series of Silli. purports to be a soliloquy of the crowned man's Journal of Science. Of this work, Bard,' upon whose tomb
for nearly thirty years the scientific peri
odical of the country, and of a European 'The dust of four great worlds will fall And mingle-thither brought by Pilgrim's terms of commendation. But we shall take
reputation, it is unnecessary to speak in feet.'
occasion hereafter to speak at some length This poem has the deep, solemn and ma of the importance of such a work to the jestic harmony of an organ. Its highly country. We hope, meanwhile, the new gifted author" stands in the front rank series will be largely subscribed to amongst among young poets of our country.” the intelligent men of the community.