On another occasion we will lay before the English markets—was expected to be the readers of the Review somewhat analo- great, is languid, since it was ascertained gous statements of manufacturing and me that the crop in England will not be inuch chanical industry, each of which adds such below an average. large amounts annually to the wealth of the The cotton crop of this year will fall becountry, and furnishes a basis upon which low that of last year in quantity ; but the to calculate the amount of revenue that, in prices now ruling are so much above those a given contingency, can be raised for the of the last year, that the money result to support of Government.

the producer will be, at least, as large. We close these preliminary statements, In conclusion, it is to be stated that the for this month, with saying briefly that the apprehension of war still exercises an uneffect of the last European advices, by the favorable influence upon the money marHibernia, was so favorable to the pacific ket, and upon commercial enterprise. Capviews, that all the stocks advanced very italists hoard their money, and merchants considerably; and although there has since hesitate about embarking in distant enterbeen some little reaction—as people take prises. The effect of this state of things time to consider whether in reality the state must continue until our political relations of affairs is materially changed or im assume some positive aspect. proved—the advance has been substantially The annexed quotations were the prices maintained.

of the principal stocks in the New York The demand for bread-stuffs, which market, January 30th. under the impression of great deficiency in

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Off'd. Ask'd.

103 Of’d. Ask’d. Brooklyn, 6 per cent., 1855, 100 Do. 6

1857, 100 103 U. S. Loan, 6 per cent., 1862, 107 108}

Do. 6

1853, 100 103 Do, 5 1853, 99 994


New York Life Ins. & Tr. Co. 110 111 New_York 7 per cent., 1843, 103 104 Do. 7 1849, 104 105

Farmer's Loan & Trust Co. 28 28 Do. 6

1854, 104
Ohio Life Ins. & Trust Co. 94

943 6

1860, 105} 106} Camden & Amboy RR. Co. 114 119 Do. 6 1861, 105£ 107

New Jersey RR. & Trans, Co. 98 102 Do. 6 1862, 1061 1074 Mohawk & Hudson RR. CO.

513 52} Do. 55 1861, 101 102 Utica & Schenectady RR. Co. 120 121 Do. 5 1846, 98 99

Syracuse & Utica Railroad Co. 112 117 5 Do.

100 103 1817,

99 98

Auburn & Syracuse RR. Co.

98 99}


Auburn & Rochester RR. Co. 100 Do. 5

116 1949, 99 99}

New York Gas Light Co. 113 Do. 5 1850, 984

58 994 Phil. & Reading RR. Co.

584 Do.

64 5

1855, 99 99] Norwich & Worcester Railroad, 634 Do. 5 1838, 99£ 100


1860, 99 100 45


94 98 Boston, par a { discount. Ohio, 7

1831, 99 100 Philadelphia, par a { discount. Do. 6

1850, 911

92} Baltimore, par a $ discount. Do. 6 1856, 911 92}

Virginia, 1 a 14 discount. Do. 5

1850, 84 87 North Carolina, & a 1£ discount. Kentucky, 6

99 99 Charleston, ja å discount. Do. 5

84 86 Savannah, j a i discount. Illinois, 6 “ 1870,(Sp’1) 36 364

Mobile check, par a 4 discount. Indiania, 5 “ Ster. 25 yrs. 40 41

notes, š a 1 discount. 5 “ Dol. 25 yrs. 418 42 New Orleans checks, par a { discount. Arkansas, 6

38 43

notes, & a 1 discount. Alabama, 5

63 67 Nashville, 2 a 2} discount. Pennsylv'a, 5

70 704 Louisville, 1 a 18 discount. Maryland, 6

75} 76 St. Louis, 1 a 1! discount. Tennessee, 6

95 98 Cincinnati, 1 a 1} discount. Do. 5

34 86 Apalachicola, lì a 3 discount. CITY, &c.

FOREIGN EXCHANGES. N. Y. City, 7 per cent., 1857, 106 112 London,

1081 a 108 Do. 7 1852, 105 1063 Paris,

5.275 a 5.264 Do. 5 1850, 91 92 Amsterdam,

394 a 39 Do. Water L'n, 1858, 91 92 Hamburg,

1870, 92 92}

78$ a 783






Πολλών δ' ανθρωπων δεν άσσέα, και νοον έγνω. “He beheld the cities of many nations, and became acquainted with the opinions of men.-ODYSSEY,

We commence again our Tables of Fore actual service standard. Of course, all eign Miscellany, and shall continue them this has been done under the most enerfrom month to month, without interval. getic professions of patriotism, and of a We shall be able to present many matters supreme regard for the good of the nation. of great interest and importance from many Paredes, in his manifesto, dated the 15th countries ; and this is expected to be here- of December, declares that the object of after one of the most attractive portions of his movement is : 1, to obtain a popular the journal.

representation; 2, to rescue the government from the hands of factions ; 3, to

restore to the producing classes the wealth The past month has brought us news of and influence they have lost; and 4, to give stirring events from various parts of the to the laboring classes the position in the world. Another revolution has occurred State that belongs to them. When the in Mexico, a country apparently fruitful in Assembly which is to effect these results nothing else. The previous one seemed to shall have been convened, he declares his be the revolt of the people against the intention either to retire to private life, or armed tyranny of a military dictator. This to ask the privilege of marching to the has been effected by the army, yet, so far as frontier to meet the usurpers of the terriappears, with the full consent of the people tory, and the enemies of the independence themselves. But the truth is, the people of Mexico. These professions are suffihad nothing to do with either; or, to speak ciently vague to conceal any design he may still more accurately, there is no such entertain; while he cannot be expected, power as that of the people in Mexico. judging from established precedents, to reThe country, so far as it is ruled at all, is member his promises after they shall have ruled by the sword; and the only struggle answered the purpose for which they were that is likely soon to arise, is between one made. At the latest dates from Mexico, military leader and another. Santa Aña, our Ambassador, Mr. Slidell, had not been though at the head of the army, and one of received as Minister. We can see, therethe ablest Generals Mexico has ever had, fore, no approach to peace in any of the owed his overthrow to the tyranny which recent proceedings of the Mexican Govern. had, not oppressed the people, but alien- ment. ated his troops. The army turned against Rumors have reached this country from him, and the people stood by and applaud- Havana that a project was on foot to secure ed. His successor was a statesman, not a the future tranquillity and integrity of Mex. general. He thought it better for his coun ico, by placing upon the throne a European try to remain at peace than to plunge into prince, the forin of government to be a war, of which her own destruction must changed to that of a constitutional mon. be the issue. He preferred to expend archy, and the stability of the government what money he could raise in improving to be guarantied by the united powers of the condition of the people, to wasting it France and Great Britain. The report is upon useless and idle soldiers. He was scarcely sufficiently authentic to challenge for peace with the United States, for the serious attention, though it has been made potent reason, if no other had existed, that to play a part in the debates of the Senate he was unable to make war against them of the United States. That portion of the The troops, on the other hand, were for late Message of the President, in which the war, because it would increase their pay. interference of European powers with the Their rebellion was flattered and cherished affairs of the independent States of this by a leader, either skillful and ambitious continent was pronounced inadmissible, himself, or the tool of others who are so, and has excited general attention, and elicited when the time had come, he pronounced warm discussion, in both England and against the government. The army respond France. There seems to be no difference ed to his declaration, and the people, as usu- of opinion whatever, in these countries, al, had nothing to say. Paredes, therefore, is upon the subject. The doctrine is rejected, now at the head of the Mexican Govern as at war with established international ment. He is placed there by the army, to law, and as, in the last degree, arrogant on gratify its desire for war, or at all events, the part of the United States.' It is explito increase the pay of the troops to the citly declared by the most authoritative

journals of both countries, that America to it. The opposition papers of France will not be allowed to claim any exemp- have not failed to use the message as a tion from the general law upon this point, weapon of attack upon the Ministry. The that various European powers have large omission in the King's speech of any, the possessions upon the Western Continent, slightest, allusion to this country, and the and that intervention in the affairs of the unusual warmth with which he speaks of American States would be justifiable in the the friendly relations subsisting between same circumstances, and upon the same France and England, have given still far. conditions which justify it in the affairs of ther cause of offence to the Anti-English the Eastern World. Resolutions are now and Anti-Ministerial party. In the Chambefore Congress, reaffirming the doctrine bers, however, the Ministry, on the elecof the Message. It is not unlikely that tion of President, had the very decided mathey will be adopted ; and, in that event, jority of 30. the United States will occupy a position The English papers abound in disprecisely antagonistic to that of the leading cussions of the Oregon question. Their powers of Europe.

general tone seems to us pacific—that is to American affairs have, of late, attracted say, they evince an earnest desire to renew a remarkable degree of attention in England negotiations upon the subject, and a wiland France. The receipt of the Message, lingness even to concede what, hitherto, in the last week of December, gave occa- they have constantly and firmly refused, in sion for endless comment and speculation. order to a peaceful settlement of the conPublic expectation had been so highly ex- troversy. cited, in regard to the claims which the The past month has witnessed a singular message would put forward, especially in disturbance of the English ministry. Owing regard to Oregon, that when it arrived, it to causes which have not yet been satisfacseems rather to have fallen short of, than to torily explained, Sir Robert Peel, with all have surpassed, the anticipations of the his associates, threw up the seals of office, public. It excited, therefore, especially in and Lord John Russell attempted to fill England, very little angry feeling. The his place and form a cabinet. The last taunting-we must say, uncalled-for and design proved to be beyond his power; unwise-allusions which it makes to the and he accordingly withdrew, giving placé defeat of French intrigue sustained in the again to the premier and the ministry who triumphant annexation of Texas to the had resigned in his favor. This strange American Union, created, in Paris, a great proceeding was in some way connected deal of bitterness. The Debats especially, with the corn laws. Lord John Russell the French official, repelled them in the had recently avowed himself in favor of most angry and vehement terms, and ex their total repeal, rather in consequence tended its denunciation to the entire foreign of existing exigencies than upon general policy of the American Union. It gives principles of political economy: With his us distinctly to understand that, in the usual promptness to catch the popular event of war between us and England, we breeze, Sir Robert Peel determined to bring must not hope for French alliance or even forward the repeal as a ministerial measure sympathy: but that the interests and the in the House of Commons, the Duke of feelings of the French will impel them to Wellington doing the same in the House espouse the cause of Great Britain against of Lords. Subsequently, however, the the encroachments, and the overweening Duke is said to have changed his mind; ambition of their Trans-Atlantic rivals. In and thereupon Sir Robert resolved to rethe course of its discussions, it makes allu- sign, in which he was followed by all his sion to the extraordinary increase which is cabinet. This statement ascribes the dis. now going on in the armaments of Great rupture to a disagreement between Well. Britain; and says that France had taken ington and Peel; and yet they acted to. umbrage at it, mal-à-propos. From this gether in every case, the Duke going out observation, we observe, Senator Cass has with Sir Robert, and just as promptly taking inferred that France has demanded of Eng- office with him on his restoration. The land the object of these extensive hostile explanation is thus unsatisfactory, though preparations : and that the answer returned it is the only one that has yet been given. proved entirely satisfactory to the govern. The failure of Lord John Russell's attempt ment of France. From this the inference to form a cabinet is involved in similar is very natural that this answer indicated doubt. Mr. T. B. Macaulay, speaking for the United States, instead of France, as the the Whigs, says distinctly that all their object of these belligerent demonstrations. plans were frustrated by Lord Grey;" and The opinion of this distinguished senator, other reliable accounts attribute the event upon a point of this nature, is certainly to Lord Grey's refusal to accept office in entitled to great weight; but we confess, the cabinet if Lord Palmerston should have that without his aid, we should never have charge of the Foreign office, on the express discovered, in the expression cited, so full ground that the appointment of the latter and so important a meaning, as he has given would endanger the peace of the world.

It seems, however, far more likely that his dominions with the severest perseLord John Russell found he could not com- cutions, was the occasion of great rejoicing mand a majority in either House of Parlia. in the Imperial City. The Pope, it is ment, and that he could not, therefore, in said, bore himself with a dignity and courany event, carry on the government. What age worthy the best days of his wide course the restored ministry will pursue dominion. At the first interview between with regard to the corn laws, can only be them, he led the conversation to religious matter of vague conjecture. It seems clear, matters, and urged the Emperor to revoke however, that they cannot remain as they certain edicts which have severely opare. The scarcity of food in Great Britain, pressed the Catholics of both Russia and the progress of free trade sentiments, and Poland. His manner is described as hay. the increased power of public opinion, will ing been firm, severe, affectionate and combine to force upon the government, no profoundly melancholy. His request was matter in whose hands it may rest, if not received with the greatest favor, and the the free admission of foreign grain, the best results are confidently predicted. It abolition of the sliding scale and a very is reported that the Emperor protested his decided reduction of existing duties. From entire ignorance of the injuries complained the tone of the British journals, it is evi. of, and promised that the matter should dent that such a measure, should it finally receive his prompt attention. be adopted, would be regarded as a boon In Prussia, King Frederic William IV., to the United States, in return for which was laboriously endeavoring to form a it is supposed we should very gladly abate satisfactory Constitution. The great diffisomething of our demands in Oregon. It culty to be encountered lies in the mutual is not unlikely that the same views may jealousies of the several states, and in their prevail at Washington; nor is it impossible common dislike of anything like consolithat, however unwise, the Oregon dispute dation. In Spain, the Congress of Deputies may finally be settled upon this

basis. Our was in session at the latest dates. The own opinion is, that even the total repeal Election of Committees, so far as it had of the corn laws would be of no benefit to taken place, indicated that the government the agricultural interests of this country, would have overwhelming majorities. Its so far as those grains are concerned which proposed modification of the Tariff, the are raised by us in common with the grain- chief object of which is to render it more growing regions of continental Europe. protective, it is supposed will meet with We might, and probably should, supply strenuous opposition. The Cortes of the British market with Indian corn ; but Portugal were to meet on the 2d of Janunearly all their supplies of wheat would ary. A royal decree has been issued, come from the fertile countries which sur- creating a commission for the formation of round the Black and the Baltic seas. It new civil and penal codes. Great attention may not be without interest to state that had been drawn to a bazaar held by the the highest number of votes which have ladies of Lisbon, for the benefit of orphan been given in the present House of Com- asylums. It was patronized by the highest mons for a repeal of the corn laws is 125, personages of the kingdom, and its collec. the highest number for the substitution of tion was rich in the specimens of royal a moderate fixed duty is 226; while the industry. A revolutionary plot has been principle of the existing law has received recently discovered in Tuscany, the object the support of 349. In the House of Lords of which was the invasion of the Roman the highest number of votes for the repeal States. Some of the troops were concerned is only 6.

in the affair, and of one battalion twenty There is nothing else in the political had fled upon the discovery of their proevents of the month in England and France ject. A law has been enacted in Belgium, worthy of attention.

fixing the contingent of the army, for 1846, In the continental countries out of at 80,000 men: and another admits a France, nothing has transpired of great im certain quantity of coffee from Dutch portance. The visit of Nicholas, Emperor colonies, at a reduced rate of duty, and of Russia, to Rome, and his interview with provides for the admission of tobacco upon Pope Gregory XVI., have excited some more favorable terms than hitherto. The attention. In former times, in the palmy Commercial Treaty with the United States days of the Romish Church, when the was ratified unanimously. The King of word of a Pontiff gave law to monarchs Sweden has authorized the construction of and his frowy caused thrones to tremble, railroads in his dominions. The principal the proudest kings have been repelled by lines will be from Stockholm to Gottenthe reproof of the Pope from the thresh hold burg, Stockholm to Istad, and Stockholm of the sacred city. Even Attila, with his to Upsal and Gefle, with various branches. savage cohorts, was turned from Rome by From the remote East we have intellithe curse of Leo. The visit of Nicholas, gence of the greatly increased probability who, as the imperial head of the Greek that the British army will speedily bring Church, has visited the Catholics within the Punjaub within the British dominions :

that a very strong effort will be made to time engaged in experiments upon the subevade the fulfillinent of existing treaties ject, has published some curious results with China, and thus retain the island of which he has attained. By placing a glass Chusan; and generally of the gradual but trough on the poles of a powerful magnet, certain and irresistible progress of the and filling it with any fluid from which a British domination over the whole of Cen- precipitate is slowly forming, it is found tral Asia. Persia seems to be tottering to that the precipitate arranges itself in the its fall. With few exceptions, of which magnetic curves. Crystallization, taking Tabriz, Teheran and Schiraz are the most place under the same circumstances, exprominent, all its cities have been almost hibits also the influence of magnetism on depopulated. Even Ispahan, once the mag. the molecular arrangements. This influnificent capital of this great kingdom, ence, so far as appears from Mr. Hunt's offers now little more than a mass of ruins. experiments, is universal. The government is in the hands of selfish Accounts of the British Polar Expetyrants, and the monarch Mohammed Schah dition, under Sir John Franklin, have been is capable of few enjoyments except that received up to the 10th of August. The of gluttony, and is not only reckless of the ships were then on the north coast of welfare of his subjects, but ignorant of Greenland, where they intended to winter. everything pertaining to the duties of his A voluminous and very interesting corhigh place. In intellect he is described as respondence has recently been published, almost an idiot. The provinces are all between the illustrious Cuvier and his impoverished; the influence which the intimate friend Pfaff. It is said to-emPersian kings once had over the affairs of brace not only scientific subjects but Central Asia has disappeared ; and the literature, politics and the occasional topkingdom is evidently in the last stages of ics of the day. A collection of letters, its existence. An extensive conspiracy addressed by D'Alembert, to the great against the Grand Vizier has recently been Swedish chemist, George Brandt, has also detected at Teheran. Syria is still in been discovered at Stockholm. commotion. Fresh engagements have taken Great interest has been excited by the place between the Christians and Turks, in discovery of a manuscript history of the which, so far as we can gather, the latter French Revolution, by the illustrious were successful. The Consuls of the Niebuhr. It is passing through the press Five Powers find great difficulty in agree. under the supervision of a son of the hising upon a policy to be pursued, as each torian. has particular political views of his own A German artist, Herr Kænig, has comwhich can only be advanced through en menced a series of designs, intended to croachments upon the others.

illustrate the Life of Luther and the hisOf Scientific and Literary matters we tory of the Reformation. He is a devoted have not much to say. Great interest has admirer of the great Reformer, and has been excited by the discovery of a new studied each event of his eventful history Planet in our solar system. It was ob- with the utmost enthusiasm. The designs served at Berlin, on the 14th of December, are to be about forty in number, and are deby Mr. Hencke, and by Professor Schu. scribed, by those who have seen them, to macher, at Altona, subsequently. It be- be most beautifully composed. longs to the family of the four small planets, The celebrated astronomer, Bessel, was or asteroids, and has been named Astræa dangerously ill at Köningsberg, at the by Mr. Hencke. Mr. South, of the Eng- latest dates. lish Observatory at Kensington, has pub The religious reformation of Ronge lished several communications upon the seems to have been for a time at least subject in the London Times, in one of checked, by his quarrel with Czerski. The which we find the following elements of the two have separated, and the followers of new planet, as given in a letter from Schu- the latter, who are comparatively few in macher from observations by Mr. Hencke: number, have drawn up a petition to the “Epoch of mean latitude, 1846, Jan. O, at King, in which they profess their adhe0 hour, 89 degrees, 32 minutes, 12 seconds rence to the apostolic creed, and complain 1-10th; longtitude of perihelion 214 de- of the confession of Leipzig as mere human grees, 53 minutes, 7 seconds; longitude of tradition and unsound. They pray to be ascending node, 110 degrees, 44 minutes, recognized under the title of the “Chris37 seconds 5-10ths; inclination, 7 degrees, tian and Apostolic Catholic Communion.” 42 minutes, 8 seconds 4-10ths ; eccen A curious illustration of the tyranny, and tricity, 0,207993; logarithm of semi-axis the cowardly compromise between tolemajor, 0,42144 ; daily mean motion in ration and persecution, which prevail in longitude, 827 seconds 65-100th; periodic Prussia, has grown out of this religious time, 1565 days."

movement. It seems that a distinguished The phenomena of Magnetism are at. geographer, Herr Lewenberg, had pretracting great attention in England, and pared a map of the Religions and ConfesMr. Robert Hunt, who has been for some sions of the Prussian monarchy-its pur

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