the favourable circumstances by which we are surrounded. My happiness, in the retirement which shortly awaits me, is the ardent hope which I experience that this state of prosperity is neither deceptive nor destined to be shortlived; and that measures which have not yet received its sanction, but which I cannot but regard as closely connected with the honour, the glory, and still more enlarged prosperity of the country, are destined, at an early day, to receive the approval of Congress.

"Under these circumstances, and with these anticipations, I shall most gladly leave to others more able than myself the noble and pleasing task of sustaining the

public prosperity. I shall carry with me into retirement the gratifying recollection that, as my sole object thoughout has been to advance the public good, I may not entirely have failed in accomplishing it; and this gratification is heightened in no small degree by the fact that when, under a deep and abiding sense of duty, I have found myself constrained to resort to the qualified veto, it has neither been followed by disapproval on the part of the people, nor weakened in any degree their attachment to that great conservative feature of our Government.

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JANUARY, 1844.

1. NUMBER OF ENGLISH IN FRANCE IN 1844.-The following is an official return made by the municipal authorities to the Minister of the Interior and Prefet de Police in Paris of the number of English residents (domiciliés) throughout France on the 1st of January, 1844:-Paris, 25,000; St. Cloud, Versailles, and St. Germainen-Laye, 6,000; Rouen, Havre-de Grace, and Dieppe, 5,000; Harfleur, Honfleur, and Caen, 2,300; Fontainebleau, Orleans, and Tours, 3,500; Bordeaux, Toulouse, Po, Barreges, Montpellier, Nismes, and Marseilles, 3,500; Aix, Avignon, and Lyons, 600; St. Quintin and Lille, 1,500; Amiens, Beauvais, Arras, Abbeville, and Montreuilsur-Mer, 2,800; Boulogne-sur-Mer and vicinity, 7,000; St. Omer, 2,700; Cassel, Warmhout, and Armentiers, 300; Bergues and Dunkirk, 2,000; Guines, Marquise, St. Pierre, and Calais, 4,800; making a total of upwards of 66,000 English residents in France. mitting that each on an average expends five francs a day, the annual sum spent by the English is above 4,820,000l. sterling. This return does not include the number of English who pass through France VOL. LXXXVI.


on their route to Switzerland, Germany, Italy, the Mediterranean, and India, which on an average exceeds 50,000.

ESCAPE OF SIX CONVICTS FROM NOTTINGHAM COUNTY GAOL.---About 5 o'clock yesterday evening, the under-turnkey, John Williams, went into a cell, containing several convicts who had been sentenced to different periods of transportation for various offences, chiefly of a violent character, for the purpose of taking them their suppers. As soon as he entered the apartment he was knocked down, and the keys taken from him; he, however, seized Vickers, (the man who is supposed to have planned the escape,) and the other prisoners not daring to await the issue of the struggle, locked them both in the cell, and went away. They then proceeded to the Governor's house, and likewise locked him up; they afterwards went to the lodge, and finding a little old man there, they without hesitation, threw him into the coal-cellar. A number of debtors were standing near, and saw the whole affair, but they suffered the convicts to ill-use the poor fellow without attempting to rescue him, or to pre


vent their escape. They were now at the outer door, where they were met by William Lowndes, the head turnkey, who immediately attacked them; but, as might be expected, he was unable to stop them. One of the men (Smith) at last struck him a tremendous blow on the head with a bath-brick in a stocking, which disabled him, and stretched him senseless on the ground. The prisoners next procured the keys from the unfortunate man, and made their escape by clambering over some rails into the High Pavement. Some of them were soon afterwards recaptured.


2. THE MORMONITES. CHESTER, BEFORE MR. JUSTICE WIGHTMAN.Jonathan Pogmore, blacksmith, (an officiating minister of the Mormonites, commonly called Latter-day Saints,) and Thomas Cartwright, blacksmith also, were placed at the bar, charged with the offence of killing and slaying one Sarah Cart wright, at Monks Copenhall, in the vicinity of Crewe. The prisoners were decently attired, and presented the ordinary appearance of mechanics. The Attorney-General for the County Palatinate (with whom was Mr. Townsend) opened the case. The prisoners at the bar he stated, were indicted for having feloniously killed and slain one Sarah Cartwright, but whether from premeditation or negligence, it was for them (the jury) to decide from the character and tendency of the evidence. The prisoners were adherents to a peculiar sect of religionists, called "Latter-day Saints," who appeared anxious to carry out the tenets of which they themselves were the professors. One of their tenets was baptism by immersion, and to effect this, after repeated importunities by the prisoner Cartwright, (the husband of the de

ceased,) she was induced to accompany them both to the place where her death occurred. On her arrival there, Jonathan Pogmore, who was the officiating priest on the occasion, immersed the deceased several times. The deceased struggled violently, and it was a question for the jury, whether it was by this careless and negligent act that her death was occasioned-whether, in fact, ordinary caution had been used, it being dusk. Michael Kinty said, that he measured the depth of the brook. The prisoner Frogmore took him to it. He said that was the place where the woman was baptized. When the water was low it was only a small brook, about four yards wide, and in depth not more than a foot or a foot and a half. There was a flood at that time, and when he saw it, the day after the death of the deceased, it was six feet in depth; but the flood having in a great measure subsided, he should conjecture that at the time of the baptism, it could not be less than nine feet. George Bazley deposed, that he lived at Crewe. The brook in which the deceased was baptized was three-quarters of a mile from Crewe. The brook was then running in a strong current. The body was found near some hedging, about two or three yards from the brook. He helped to take the body out, which was that of a full; grown woman. There was nothing on the body but a singlet, which reached down to the waist. The continued absence of material witnesses having excited the attention of the learned Judge, he observed, that never in the course of his judicial experience had he witnessed such palpable negligence in keeping the evidence together. should, therefore, having expressed his marked displeasure against


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