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Prince, of whom it is the highest praise to say, that he has proved himself to be not unworthy of her. We should see her encompassed by all the circumstances that associate endearment with respect. We should not only behold the Queen, but the mother and the wife, and see her from the highest station on which a human being could be placed, presenting to ber subjects the finest model of every conjugal and maternal virtue. I am not speaking in the language of a fictitious enthusiasm, when I speak thus of her. I am sure that this project is not only feasible, but easy. If the people of this country were to combine in demanding it, a demand so just and reasonable could not be long refused. It is not subject to any of the objections which attach to the repeal question. No rupture of the two parliaments — no dismemberment of the empire is to be apprehended. Let Irishmen unite in putting forth a requisition for a purpose which the minister would not only find expedient, but inevitable. But if you, gentlemen, shall not only not assist in an undertaking so reasonable and so safe, but shall assist the attorneygeneral in crushing the men who have had the boldness to complain of the grievances of their country, you will lay Ireland prostrate. Every effort for her amelioration will be idle. Every remonstrance will not only be treated with disregard, but with disdain ; and for the next twenty years we may as well extinguish every hope for our country. Gentlemen, you may strike agitation dumb — you may make millions of mutes; but beware of that dreary silence, whose gloomy taciturnity is significant of the determination of its fearful purpose. Beware of producing a state of things which may eventuate in those incidents of horror which every good man will pray to avert, and which will be lamented by those who contributė to their occurrence, when repentance, like that of those who are for ever doomed, shall be unavailing, and contrition shall be in vain.
But it is not to Ireland that the aching solicitude with which the result of this trial is intently watched will be confined. There is not a great city in Europe, in which, upon the day when the great intelligence shall be expected to arrive, men will not stop each other in the public way, and inquire whether twelve men upon their oaths have doomed to incarceration the man who gave liberty to Ireland ?
Whatever may be your adjudication, he is prepared to meet it. He knows that the eyes of the world are upon him, and that posterity
- whether in a gaol or out of it— will look back to him with admiration. He is almost indifferent to what may befal him, and is far more solicitous for others at this moment than for himself. But I, at the commencement of what I have said to you — I told you that I was not unmoved, and that many incidents of my political life, the strange alternations of fortune through which I have passed, came back upon me. But now the bare possibility at which I have glanced has, I acknowledge, almost unmanned me. Shall I, who stretch out to you in behalf of the son the hand whose fetters the father had struck off, live to cast my eyes upon that domicile of sorrow, in the vicinity of this great metropolis, and say, “ 'Tis there .they have immured the Liberator of Ireland with his fondest and best-beloved child ?” No! it shall never be! You will not consign him to the spot to which the attorney-general invites you to surrender him! No! When the spring shall have come again, and winter shall have passed — when the spring shall come again it is not through the windows of this mansion, that the father of such a son, and the son of such a father, shall look upon those green hills on which the eyes of so many a captive have gazed so wistfully in vain; but in their own mountain home again they shall listen to the murmurs of the great Atlantic; they shall go forth and inhale the freshness of the morning air together; “ they shall be free as mountain solitude ;" they will be encompassed with the loftiest images of liberty upon every side; and if time shall have stolen its suppleness from the father's knee, or impaired the firmness of his tread, he shall lean on the child of her that watches over him from Heaven, and shall look out from some high place far and wide into the island, whose greatness and whose glory shall be for ever associated with his name. In your love of justice-in your love of Irelandin your love of honesty and fair play – I place my confidence. I ask you for an acquittal, not only for the sake of your country, but for your own. Upon the day when this trial shall have been brought to a termination — when, amidst the burst of public expectancy, in answer to the solemn interrogatory which shall be put to you by the officer of the court, you shall answer, “Not guilty," with what a transport will that glorious negative be welcomed! How will you be blessed, adored, worshipped ; and when, retiring from this scene of excitement and of passion, you shall return to your tranquil homes, how pleasurably will you look upon your children, in the consciousness that you have left them a patrimony of peace, by impressing upon the British cabinet that some other measure besides a state prosecution is necessary for the pacification of your country.
The subject of national education is one which gives room for much of serious reflection and of grave consideration as to the duties which devolve upon us. The times have been when this great duty of the people, this great duty of the church — and in naming the church I do not mean the clergy only, but the laity also — there have been times when this great duty of providing for and promoting the education of the humbler classes, has been shamefully, disgracefully neglected. We have been guilty – there is no need to deny it — there is no use in palliating or concealing it — we have been guilty of a national sin, and have drawn down upon us, in the ordinary course of God's providence, the national judgment which follows on national sin. And may God grant that the sense of the national judgment and the national reproach may produce that effect which they ought to produce — which it is the design of Providence they should produce, the amendment and correction of the sin. The days have been when England, proud and prosperous, advancing in commerce, unrivalled in arms, proud of her flag, proud of her military trophies, proud of her increasing revenues, proud of those great ports, from which—and especially from the one in which I am now speaking the flag of Great Britain is sent to every sea, and which receive within their harbors the flags of all other countries in the world. The time has been, I say, when England has forgotten the warning which Holy Writ gave to the Israelites on entering the promised land, “ Beware lest when thou hast eaten and art full, thou forget the Lord thy God, and say, Mine hand and mine arm hath gotten me all this wealth.” We have been proud of our power, of our wealth, of our commerce, of our fancied superiority; and the very causes of our pride have been the sources of our chastisement and our judgment. We havę boasted of our advances in science, of the strides we are making in philosophical attainments, of the genius, the riches, the industry, and the researches of our people, and we have forgotten that that knowledge which is unsanctified by religion is a two-edged sword, the blade of which is likely to cut the wearer. We have been proud of our population, as the source of our wealth, and have omitted to consider that this growing population, without the means of religious instruction, without the means of spiritual education, was no source of strength, but a source of weakness, a reproach, a disgrace, and at length a serious impediment to our national prosperity.
I believe that these days have gone by. I believe that the spirit of education has gone forth; the spirit of inquiry is irresistible; the thirst for knowledge is not to be quenched. Let us not seek to quench it. Let us not seek to diminish it. Let us—and permit me, my lord, to appeal to your lordship, and say, let the members of the church, and the clerical members of the church especially, set themselves at the head of this great movement of inquiry and investigation. Let them not shrink from imparting to the people increased knowledge; but let it be their duty to sanctify that knowledge by that which alone can sanctify it: to imbue the people with the spirit of religion, in conjunction with the spirit of science and education. Let the church place itself at the head of the march of instruction-and when we remember the vast multitudes congregated to-day in the streets of Liverpool, when we behold this vast assembly, when we consider the enthusiasm with which the call of the church has been responded to in every part of the country, who is there that does not feel, that if the church will so take and so maintain that lead and guidance which of right belong to her, the people of England will never desert — they will always be proud to follow — the National Establishment ?
CANUTE AND HIS COURTIERS.
Canute. Is it true, my friends, as you have often told me, that I am the greatest of monarchs ?
Offa. It is true, my liege; you are the most powerful of all kings. Oswald. We are all your slaves ; we kiss the dust of your feet.
Offa. Not only we, but even the elements, are your slaves. The land obeys you from shore to shore; and the sea obeys you.
Canute. Does the sea, with its loud boisterous waves, obey me ? Will that terrible element be still at my bidding ?
Offa. Yes, the sea is yours; it was made to bear your ships upon its bosom, and to pour the treasures of the world at your royal feet. It is boisterous to your enemies, but it knows you to be its sovereign.
Canute. Is not the tide coming up ?
Canute, O mighty ocean! thou art my subject; my courtiers tell me so; and it is thy duty to obey me. Thus, then, I stretch my sceptre over thee, and command thee to retire. Roll back thy swelling waves, nor let them presume to wet the feet of me thy royal master.
Oswald. (Aside.) I believe the sea will pay very little regard to his royal commands.
Offa. See how fast the tide rises !
Canute, misthy duty to obey ihce to retire.