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Lovely is Nature in seasons like these ;
But lovelier when Autumn's tints are spread
Their shady honours reluctantly shed :
the finest and most settled month ties. What a magnificent phenome in the year. The mornings and even non is every day exhibited in the rising ings are cool, but possess a delightful of the Sun! yet how common is jhe freshness, while the middle of the day observation, that indolence and the love is pleasantly warm and open. October of sleep prevent a great part of manalso frequently partakes of the charac- kind from contemplating this beauteous of its precursor. A morning's walk' wonder of the creation? at this season is replete with gratifica
But see! the flushed horizon flames intense
ATHENEUM VOL. 10. ·
It is a remarkable circonstance, that of the brightness and beauty of Summer and Spring
There is little left, but the roses that blow many birds which seek their food by day, and repose during the night, in the By this friendly wall. To its covert they cling,
And eagerly smile in each sunbeam's glow : season of their progress from region to re But when the warm beam is a moment withdrawn, gion, disregard this habit of repose, and And the loud whistling breeze sweeps over the lawn,
Their beauteous blossoms, so fair and forlorn, travel on during the night : thot such
Seem to shrink from the wind which ruffles them so. is the fact is certain by the
Poor wind-tost tremblers ! some months gone by, many of o'ir spring visitors
You were fanned by breezes gentler than these ; How do our se -billed birds, ti. ry- When you stretched out your leaves to a summer sky, neck, willow-wren, &c. &c., steal un And opened your buds to the hum of bees :
rce velint our hedges, and lie there But soon will the winter be past, and you, very reti "tiso some call of love' or
When his winds are gone to the north, shall renew
Your graceful apparel of glossy hue, pleasure wel...ys their presence.
And wave your blossoms in Sumıner's breeze. The fruit or seed of the ash tree, It is this which gives Autumn its magic charm called keys, will be found worthy the of pensive delight to the thoughtful mind; attention of those who are fond of the Its shadowy splendours excite no alarm, curiosities of Nature. The pod of the
Though we know that Winter lingers behind : fruit is in shape lik : a birds' tongue, Every grace that enchanted the eye before ;
We rejoice that Spring will again restore having only one tid that contains á
And we feel that, when Nature's first bloom is o'er, seed of the same shape. By opening Her dearest and loveliest we find. the pod carefully with a penknife, the The autumnal blasts, which whirl while we listen, umbilical cord will be found running
The wan, sear leaf, like a floating toy; from the stalk to the upper end of the The bright round drops of dew, which glisten
On the grass at morn ; and the sunshine coy, fruit where it enters to convey the
Which comes and goes like a smile when wooed; nourishment to the germ, which (on The auburn mead, and the foamy flood, opening it from the reverse end) will Each sight and sound, in a musing mood,
Give birth to sensations superior to joy. discover the future tree, so formed, both in trunk and leaves, as 'not even The starling (sturnus vulgaris) sings. to r.
uire the assistance of magnifiers Stares are most social birds, and are to sì the perfect plant. No other rarely seen alone ; even when in small kernel affords so distinct a resemblance parties they are continually calling for of its parent.
companions with a fine clear note that Rural scenery is now much enliven
may be heard at a great distance : they ed by the varieiy of colours, some live- delight in the bright autumnal mornly, and beautiful, which are assumed, ings to sit basking and pruning themtowards the end of the month, by the selves in the sun on some high tree, fading leaves of trees and shrubs. chattering in concert in a low song-liké These appearances are very striking note. Whence the prodigious flights even in our own fine forests, but can come from that appear in the fenny not be compared with the magnificent districts in winter, it is not easy to scenes presented to the eye of the en- conjecture, unless they migrate to Engraptured traveller in the primeval land from other countries. In these woods which shade the equinoctial re- progresses they probably travel alone, gions of Africa and America.
or journey with our only migrating
corvus, the Royston crow, as they asIn dappled livery Nature now is clad,
sociate but little with other birds than Like bonny Scot, in many-coloured plaid.
rooks and daws. There is something The groves lose their leafy honours; singularly curious and mysterious in but before they are entirely tarnished, the conduct of these birds, previously an adventitious beauty, arising from to the nightly retirement to their reedy that gradual decay which loosens the roost ; the variety and intricacy of withering leaf, gilds the autumnal land- their evolutions in the air, and the prescape with a temporary splendour, su
cision with which each performs his perior to the verdure of spring or the part of the figure, are more like parade luxuriance of summer.
movements, than the promiscuous flight
of birds : as the breeding season ad- ance of the workings of Supi vances, these vast flights break into telligence*. The awk or puffin little parties, and finally subdivide into arctica) visits for the purposes of in pairs. Travellers acquaint ys that bation some of the rocky isles of Bri starlings abound in Persia, and in the ain, in amazing numbers; they arrive regions of Caucacus ; we see a few an! I've their breeding haunts anpairs about a church, a ruin of some
ith an exactitude (almost to a antient fabric, and here and there about di. at is most remarkable ; nor are the rocks on the sea-shore, but the vast th: een again in any of the surroundbody of them probably leave the king- ing seas until the succeeding summer dom. This faculty, by which they restores them : the winter turints ne and our migratorial tribes direct their these birds were until i flight from regions the most remote to conjectured ; our late as il. yagers some destined land, with other habits found them in prodigious s equally extraordinary, we suppose must the open waters of the p r seas, still be called “instinct;' under which feeding on the insects wih which word we include some of the strong- those regions abound, and furnishing in est and most important actions of ani- their turns a gratrfiul meal to our admal life, and cover our entire ignor- venturous navigalurs.
To the CURLEW.
His dun grey plumage floating to the gale,
The Curlew bends his melancholy wail
The bleak lone sea-beach, or the rocky dale,
And shun the orange bower, the myrtle vale,
In limpid clearness, or when tempests blow;
Flow calm, as my past moments used to flow;
And seem the symbol of my present woe ! The hedges are ornamented with now and then, that last pale promise the wreaths and festoons of the scar of the waning year, the wild rose, let berries of the black briony; and meets the eye.
As wandering, I found, on my ruinous walk,
By the dial-stone aged and green,
To mark where a garden had been ;
All wild in the silence of nature it drew
Where the flower of my forefathers grew.
That survives in this desolate heart !
But patience shall never depart;
In the days of delusion my fancy combin'd
And leave but a desart bebind.
Large flights of red-rvings and field-fares arrive in England about the end of Detober, or beginning of November, and they generally give notice of their progress by the reprated calls or signals of the leading birds to prevent the wandering of the flights: the clamour of the whole is not heard at once, but now and then a shrill call or distant notice to their followers; these pipings, in a calm and mild evening, add greatly to the solemnity and interest of the hour.
The principal harvest of apples is
and thousands more unknown about the beginning of this month.
To us, appropriately fitted each,
Undeviating act by will divine Apples are sometimes very much spot
In separate vocations here. ted, and in this we have a strong example of the unceasing tendency of na October is the great month for brewture to produce ; and perhaps no ani- ing beer, whence the name applied mal or vegetable substance exists, but to very strong beer of • Old October.' what becomes at some period a soil In New-England, North-America, the fitted for her operations; the hoof of same name is applied to cider, which a horse furnishing lycopendon equi- is principally made this month. num), or the rind of an apple, are The vintage or harvest of grapes, equally appropriated for her perfor- almost as important to foreigners as mances ; not a general and promiscu- the corn harvest is to us, takes place ons vegetation, but possessing individ- in October, and the vineyards of ual and characteristic distinction. France, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, These apple-spots appear to be an &c. &c. now resound with the cheerful æcidum, and we may, at times, find songs of the peasantry, at the concluthis plant fully matured, the central clusion of their labours.
In many part occupied with fine powdery cap- parts of France, particularly in Chamsules bursting through their epidermis, pagne, the men and women, each with which hangs in fragments round the a basket on their arm, assemble at the maigin The æcidium evidently de- foot of the hill; there stopping they rives nutriment from the apple, as round arrange themselves in a circle. The the verge of the spot the skin becomes chief of this band tunes up a joyous wrinkled, occasioned probably by that song, whose burthen is chorused: then part of the fruit being drawn away for they ascend, and, dispersed in the the supply of the plant on the surface. vineyard, they work without interruptFungi in general (at least such as be- ing their tasks, while new couplets ofcome attached to matter not having ten resound from some of the vinevegetable life), particularly the species dressers, sometimes intermixed with a of sphæria, trichia, and peziza, appear sudden jest at a traveller.
In the as one of the general agents of nature evening, their supper scarcely over, to effect decomposition previously to their joy recommences ; they dance in reorganization, as we almost univer- a circle, and sing some of those songs sally find them on animal or vegetable of free gaiety, which the moment excusubstances, in a certain state of or ap- ses, known by the name of vineyard proximation to decay. Whether pu- songs.' The gaiety becomes general; trescence of sap, generation of or lig- masters, guests, friends, servants, all neous acid, or whatever may be the dance together; and in this manner primal cause, is yet mysterious, but a day of labour terminates, which one the dissolution rapidly proceeds when might mistake for a day of diversion. they appear; at one time, by the
The “ festival of the vine-dressers,' etration of their radicles; at others, by celebrated once in five years, is thus modes we cannot detect, but which described as it took place at Vevay, in seem to loosen the fibrous adherence, Swisserland, on the 24th and 25th of or muscle of the substance, destroying August 1819. The concourse of specall cohesion of the parts: the effectual tators was extraordinary. It consisted manner in which these apparently fee- of a kind of scenic representation, analble agents accomplish their destination ogous to the occupation of those who is perfectly wonderful! What can look offered it ; a motley mixture of Bible more barmless that the fine cotton of personages, with the deities of antient byssus septica, or some species of mu- mythology. Noah, for instance, was cor? what more beautiful than stemon- associated with Bacchus, and each had itis nuda, or auricularia cærulea ? yet his squad of attendant Bacchantes : what rapid destruction ensues from Ceres and Pallas also found their platheir agency !
ces, and figured in cars worthy of such
goddesses, amidst a joyous crowd of legg but not coupied. This gally was vine-dressers crowned with festoons of richly carv’d and gilded, and most of vine-leaves and bunches of grapes, in the rest were very beautifull. After the characters of dancing satyrs and bestowing something on the slaves, the exhilarated fauns. The dresses were captain sent a band of them to give us rich, diversified, picturesque, and char- musiq at dinner were we lodged. I acteristic; the various actions were was amaz’d to contemplate how these executed with gaiety and grace, at miserable catyfs lie in their gally crowleast, equal to their precision; and ded together, yet there was hardly one those who were not too well read in but had some occupation by which, as the classics might easily fancy them- leisure and calmes permitted, they gat selves transported a couple of thousand some little monye, insomuch as some of years backwards into the days of of them have, after many yeares of antiquity, when the deities really did cruel servitude, been able to purchase appear on Mount Olympus, and when their liberty. Their rising forward the shepherds of Arcadia were really and falling back at their oare is a misthose charming and simple and joyous erable spectacle, and the noyse of their swains, of whom we read so much, chaines with the roaring of the beaten but know, alas ! so little.
waters has something of strange and On the 7th of October, 1614 the fearfull to one unaccustom'd to it. Gallies in France visited, &c. &c.- They are rul’d and chastiz'd by strokes Among the benefits derived from the on their backs and soles of theire feete French Revolution may be named the on the least disorder and without the abolition of the cruel punishment of least humanity; yet are they chereful the gallies and of the infliction of tor- and full of knavery.” ture; although we find that breaking Sir Thomas Browne died, October alive on the wheel has again been re- 19th 1682.–Author of • Vulgar Ervived in Holland ! Evelyn's descrip- rors, Religio Medici, Urn-Burial, tion of his visit to the gallies on the &c. The works of Browne are a above day will serve to show our read- never-failing treasury ; to which the ers what a dreadful slavery this punish- divine may resort for passages of ferment was, more than a century and a vent piety, the philosopher for deep half since ; it is also a true picture of inquiry into nature, and the poet flights the state of the gallies to the period of of sublimity and grandeur. Browne's their abolition, about the year 1790. first work was his · Religio Medici, a 6 We went to visite the gallys, being work written in the full vigour of his about 25 ; the Captaine of the Gally faculties, when his fancy was at the Royal gave us most courteous enter- highest, which, rendered still more ectainement in his cabine, the slaves in centric by his original way of thinking, the interim playing both loud and soft imbrowned by learning, and deepened musiq very rarely. Then he shew'd by enthusiasm, communicated to every us how he commanded their motions subject which it touched upon, all the with a nod and his whistle, making attractions of paradoxical subtlety, and them row out. The spectacle was to fantastic and often highly impressive me new and strange, to see so many sublimity. From this work we select the hundreds of miserably naked persons, following beautiful passage on Sleep: having their heads shaven close and • We term sleep a death, and yet it having onely high red bonnets, a payre is waking that kills us and destroys of course canvas drawers, their whole those spirits that are the house of life. backs and leggs naked, doubly chayn d 'Tis, indeed, a part of life that best exabout their middle and leggs, in couples, presseth death, for every man truly and made fast to their seates, and all lives so long as he acts lis nature, or commanded in a trise by an imperious some way makes good the faculties of and cruell seaman. One Turke he himself: Themistocles. therefore,
that much favor'd who waited on him in slew his soldier in his sleep, was a merhis cabin but with no other dress than ciful executioner ; ótis a kind of punthe rest, and a chayne lock'd about his ishment the mildness of no laws liath