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that trouble, should take a dislike to the poor creature. I am, unluckily, one of those who have an antipathy to a cat, so that I am uneasy when in the room with one; and I own that I frequently suffered a good deal from the presence of this same Hodge. I recollect him one day scrambling up Dr. Johnson's breast, apparently with much satisfaction, while my friend, smiling and half-whistling, rubbed down his back, and pulled him by the tail ; and when I observed he was a fine cat, saying, “Why, yes, Sir, but I have had cats whom I liked better than this; ” and then, as if perceiving Hodge to be out of countenance, adding, “But he is a very fine cat, a very fine cat indeed."

This reminds me of the ludicrous account which he gavé Mr. Larigton of the despicable state of a young gentleman of good family. “Sir, when I heard of him last, he was running about town shooting cats.” And then, in a sort of kindly reverie, he bethought himself of his own favourite cat, and said, “But Hodge shan't be shot; no, no, Hodge shall not be shot.”.

He thought Mr. Beauclerk made a shrewd and judicious remark to Mr. Langton, who, after having been for the first time in company with a well-known wit about town, was warmly admiring and praising him,—“See him again,” said Beauclerk.

His respect for the hierarchy, and particularly the dig. nitaries of the church, has been more than once exhibited in the course of this work. Mr. Seward saw him presented to the Archbishop of York, and described his bow to an ARCHBISHOP as such a studied elaboration of homage, such an extension of limb, such a flexion of body, as have seldom or ever been equalled.

I cannot help mentioning with much regret, that by my own negligence I lost an opportunity of having the history of my family from its founder, Thomas Boswell, in 1504, recorded and illustrated by Johnson's pen. Such was his goodness to me, that when I presumed to solicit him for so great a favour, he was pleased to say, “Let me have all the materials you can collect, and I will do it both in Latin and

1 This “ ludicrous account," an addition to the additions of the second edition, is one proof among many that the third was revised and augmented throughout by Boswell.-Editor.

136

BOSWELL'S LIFE OF JOHNSON.

1783.

English; then let it be printed, and copies of it be deposited in various places for security and preservation.” I can now only do the best I can to make up for this loss, keeping my great master steadily in view. Family histories, like the imagines majorum of the ancients, excite to virtue; and I wish that they who really have blood, would be more careful to trace and ascertain its course. Some have affected to laugh at the history of the house of Yvery ;? it would be well if many others would transmit their pedegree to posterity, with the same accuracy and generous zeal with which the noble lord who compiled that work has honoured and perpetuated his ancestry.

On Thursday, April 10, I introduced to him, at his house in Bolt Court the Honourable and Reverend William Stuart,” son of the Earl of Bute; a gentleman truly worthy of being known to Johnson ; being, with all the advantages of high birth, learning, travel, and elegant manners, an exemplary parish priest in every respect.

After some compliments on both sides, the tour which Johnson and I had made to the Hebrides was mentioned. JOHNSON. “I got an acquisition of more ideas by it thau by any thing that I remember. I saw quite a different system of life.” BOSWELL. “You would not like to make the same journey again?” Johnson. “Why no, Sir; not the same: it is a tale told. Gravina, an Italian critic, observes, that every man desires to see that of which he has read; but no man desires to read an account of what he has seen : so much does description fall short of reality. Description only excites curiosity; seeing satisfies it. Other people may go and see the Hebrides.” BOSWELL. “I should wish to go and see some country totally different from what I have been used to; such as Turkey, where religion and every thing else are different.” Johnson.

1 Written by John, Earl of Egmont, and printed (but not published) in 1742.—Malone.

2 At that time vicar of Luton, in Bedfordshire, where he lived for some years, and fully merited the character given of him in the text; he was afterwards Lord Archbishop of Armagh, and Primate of Ireland. Malone.

And died May, 1822, in a very strange way, having, through the blunder of a servant, had poison, by mistake for medicine, administered to him by the hand of his lady.- Croker,

“ Yes, Sir: there are two objects of curiosity,—the Christian world and the Mahometan world. All the rest may be considered as barbarous.” BOSWELL. “Pray, Sir, is the · Turkish Spy'a genuine book?” JOHNSON. “ No, Sir: Mrs. Manley, in her life, says, that her father wrote the first two volumes : and in another book, Dunton's Life and Errors,' ? we find that the rest was written by one Sault, at two guineas a sheet, under the direction of Dr. Midgeley.” 2

BOSWELL. “ This has been a very factious reign, owing to the too great indulgence of government.” Johnson. I think so, Sir. What at first was lenity, grew timidity. Yet this is reasoning à posteriori, and may not be just. Supposing a few had at first been punished, I believe faction would have been crushed; but it might have been said, that it was a sanguinary reign. A man cannot tell à priori what will be best for government to do. This reign has been very unfortunate. We have had an unsuccessful war; but that does not prove that we have been ill governed. One side or other must prevail in war, as one or other must win at play. When we beat Louis, we were not better governed ; nor were the French better governed when Louis beat us.”

On Saturday, April 12, I visited him, in company with Mr. Windham, of Norfolk, whom, though a Whig, he highly valued. One of the best things he ever said was to this gentleman; who, before he set out for Ireland as secretary to Lord Northington when lord lieutenant, expressed to the sage some modest and virtuous doubts, whether he could bring himself to practise those arts which it is supposed a person in that situation has occasion to employ. “Don't be afraid, Sir,” said Johnson, with a

1 A work containing many curious biographical memoranda, reprinted, with notes, by Mr. Nichols, in 1818.-Wright.

2 The Turkish Spy was pretended to have been written originally in Arabic; from Arabic translated into Italian, and thence into English. The author of the work, which was originally written in Italian, was I. P. Marana, a Genoese, who died at Paris in 1693. Dunton says, that “Mr. William Bradshaw received from Dr. Midgeley forty shillings a sheet for writing part of the Turkish Spy; but I do not find that he any where mentions Sault as engaged in that work.”-Malone.

Aubrey's Letters, i., 223, say the first volume was by the Italian, the rest by Bradshawe.-P. Cunningham.

pleasant smile; "you will soon make a very pretty

rascal.” 1

He talked to-day a good deal of the wonderful extent and variety of London, and observed, that men of curious enquiry might see in it such modes of life as very few could even imagine. He in particular recommended to us to explore Wapping, which we resolved to do.

Mr. Lowe, the painter, who was with him, was very much distressed that a large picture which he had painted was refused to be received into the Exhibition of the Royal Academy. Mrs. Thrale knew Johnson's character so superficially, as to represent him as unwilling to do small acts of benevolence; and mentions, in particular, that he would hardly take the trouble to write a letter in favour of his friends. The truth, however, is, that he was remarkable, in an extraordinary degree, for what she denies to him; and, above all, for this very sort of kindness, writing letters for those to whom his solicitations might be of service. He now gave Mr. Lowe the following, of which I was diligent enough, with his permission, to take copies at the next coffee-house, while Mr. Windham was so good as to stay by me.

1 Windham's notes of Johnson's advice—“I have no great timidity in my own disposition, and am no encourager of it in others. Never be afraid to think yourself fit for any thing for which your friends think you fit. You will become an able negotiator-a very pretty rascal. No one in Ireland wears even the mask of incorruption; no one professes to do for sixpence what he can get a shilling for doing. Set sail, and see where the winds and the waves will carry you. Every day will improve another. Dies diem docet, by observing at night where you failed in the day, and by resolving to fail so no more.” The Diary of the Right Hon. William Windham from 1784 to 1810, edited by Mrs. Henry Baring, Longman, London, 1866. See Preface to the Diary, p. xvii. — Editor.

2 We accordingly carried our scheme into execution, in October, 1792; but whether from that uniformity which has in modern times, in a great degree, spread through every part of the metropolis, or from our want of sufficient exertion, we were disappointed.

This visit is very characteristically recorded by Windham in his Diary.-" Oct. 23. "I let myself foolishly be drawn by Boswell to ex. plore, as he called it, Wapping, instead of going, when everything was prepared, to see the battle between Ward and Stanyard, which turned out a very good one and which would have served as a very good introduction to Boswell.”—P. 265.Editor.

TO SIR JOSHUA REYNOLDS.

.“ April 12, 1783.

“Sir,

“ Mr. Lowe considers himself as cut off from all credit and all hope by the rejection of his picture from the Exhibition. Upon this work he has exbausted all his powers, and suspended all his expectations : and, certainly, to be refused an opportunity

of taking the opinion of the public, is in itself a very great hard· ship. It is to be condemned without a trial.

“ If you could procure the revocation of this incapacitating edict, you would deliver an unhappy man from great affliction. The council has sometimes reversed its own determination; and I hope that, by your interposition, this luckless picture may be got admitted. I am, &c.,

“Sam. Johnson.”

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“Mr. Lowe's exclusion from the Exhibition gives him more trouble than you and the other gentlemen of the council could imagine or intend. He considers disgrace and ruin as the inevitable consequence of your determination.

“He says, that some pictures have been received after rejection; and if there be any such precedent, I earnestly entreat that you will use your interest in his favour. Of his work I can say nothing; I pretend not to judge of painting, and this picture I never saw; but I conceive it extremely hard to shut out any man from the possibility of success; and therefore I repeat my request that you will propose the re-consideration of Mr. Lowe's case ; and if there be any among the council with whom my name can have any weight, be pleased to communicate to them the desire of, Sir, your most humble servant, “Sam. Johnson.”

Such intercession was too powerful to be resisted ; and Mr. Lowe's performance was admitted at Somerset House. The subject, as I recollect, was the Deluge, at

1 I am informed by the Secretary of the Royal Academy, that Lowe exhibited nothing in 1783. In 1782 he exhibited “ The death of Abel," and in 1784, “ Joseph's coat brought to Jacob.”—Editor.

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