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THE early pages of the present Publication detail the circumstances under which it was occasioned by the late Oxford Election. Instead of the few lines which concluded the First Edition of the Replies to Mr. Davison, there is now subjoined a Comment on the Speech of Mr. Peel; and a brief notice of some other arguments which have lately been used in the House of Commons and elsewhere, in support of the measures now in progress for giving Civil Power and Privileges to Papists.

March 15, 1829.

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THE short advertisement which now introduces the following pages to public notice was intended to have formed the whole Preface on the day they were sent to the press. During the printing of them, Mr. Davison published Sixty-eight new “Considerations on the Piety or Religious Principle of Conciliatory Measures towards Ireland,” pp. 24, dated March 16, 1829.The objections that are urged hereafter, on page 2, against this mode of trying to gain assent to certain measures as politically just and wise, by asking questions, would have been urged with much more force and earnestness had it ever been imagined Mr. Davison would have adopted the same mode of trying to gain assent to the same measures on the strength of their Piety, or Religious Principle. Whatever might be advanced in favour of a questioning so liable to abuse when applied to Politics, is utterly inapplicable in its favour when applied to Religion: and it is well for Mr. Davison, that his high character repels at once the suspicions of unfairness that might have hung round a name less known; and leaves him the excuse of having been led without consideration of what he was doing, from one great offence against fair reasoning, to another greater offence, against fair reasoning and good feeling. · This Preface, and an additional Chapter at the end of the Pamphlet, are intended to contain a substantial reply to Mr. Davison's New Considerations; and to state the grounds upon which I myself rest my opinion, that Piety, or Religious Principle, forbids the measures now in progress through Parliament. If, however, no one else should publish specific Replies to the Sixty

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