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[AS AMENDED BY THE SELECT COMMITTEE]
Alter and amend the Laws regulating the Medical
THEREAS it is expedient to amend the Laws relating to Preamble. the Medical Profession: Be it therefore enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in
5 this present Parliament assembled, and by the Authority of the same, as follows:
I. This Act may for all Purposes be cited as "The Medical Act, Short Title. 1856."
II. From and after the passing of this Act the several Acts and Repeal of 10 Parts of Acts set forth in the Schedule (A.), to the Extent to which Acts.
such Acts or Parts of Acts are by such Schedule expressed to be repealed, shall be repealed, except as to the Recovery and Application of any Penalty for any Offence which shall have been committed before the passing of this Act.
III. A Council shall be established, which shall be styled "The Council of Medical Education of the United Kingdom," and shall established. consist of the President for the Time being of the General Board of
supply Vacancies, and
Persons so appointed.
Meetings of the Council.
Health, and such Twelve other Persons as Her Majesty, with the
Of the Persons to be so appointed by Her Majesty, Three shall be 10
The said Council of Medical Education is herein-after referred to as
IV. Upon every Vacancy among the Members of the Council appointed by Her Majesty under this Act, Her Majesty may, with the Advice of Her Privy Council, appoint a Person to fill such Vacancy.
Any Person going out of Office may be re-appointed.
Every Appointment on any such Vacancy shall be so made as to keep up the whole Number of Members of the Council qualified as aforesaid to not less than Nine, and the Number of such qualified Members resident in Scotland and Ireland respectively to not less than Two.
Every Member appointed by Her Majesty to fill a Vacancy occa-
The Council may act notwithstanding Vacancies therein.
V. The Council shall hold Meetings from Time to Time, at such Place and Time as the President of the General Board of Health shall 35 appoint, and all Powers and Duties vested in the Council may be exercised and performed at any such Meeting at which not less than Five Members are present.
VI. The said President shall be the Chairman, and shall from Time to Time nominate One of the other Members to be the Vice-Chairman 40 of the Council, who shall act as Chairman in the Absence of such President; provided, that at any Meeting of the Council at which
neither the Chairman nor the Vice-Chairman is present, the Members present shall elect out of their Number a Chairman for the Occasion.
VII. At every Meeting of the Council all Questions shall be Questions, determined by the Majority of Votes of Members present and voting mined. 5 thereon, and in case of an Equality of Votes the Chairman shall have a Second or Casting Vote.
VIII. There shall be paid to the Members of the Council, except Fees to Members of the President of the General Board of Health, such Remuneration Council. and such reasonable travelling Expenses as shall from Time to Time 10 be appointed or allowed by the Commissioners of Her Majesty's Treasury, out of any Monies which may from Time to Time be provided by Parliament for that Purpose.
IX. The Council shall have Power to appoint Committees of their Committees may be apown Body of such Number, not less than Three, as they may think pointed by 15 fit, and to delegate to such Committee, either generally or in relation Council.
to any specified Part of the United Kingdom, such of the Powers and Duties vested in the Council as the Council may see fit, other than the Powers to make general Rules or Regulations as to the Course of Study or Examination; and any Two of the Members of any such 20 Committee shall be competent to exercise and perform the Powers and Duties delegated to such Committee.
X. The Members of the Council resident in Scotland shall be Members of Council resiappointed Members of every such Committee appointed for or in dent in Scotrelation to Scotland, and the Members of such Council resident in land and 25 Ireland shall be appointed Members of every such Committee appointed Members of for or in relation to Ireland.
Ireland to be
Committees for those Parts.
XI. For the Examination of Persons desirous of entering the Boards of Medical Profession after the First Day of December One thousand Examiners. eight hundred and fifty-six, there shall be established in England, 30 Scotland, and Ireland respectively, Two Boards of Examiners, hereinafter called respectively the "Preliminary Board" and the "Professional Board."
The Preliminary Board shall be established for the preliminary Examiners
Bodies to appoint such Examiners.
Number of Examiners are to be de
termined by the Council.
himself for Examination before the Professional Board, unless he shall have received from the Preliminary Board a Certificate of Approval in such Form as the Council may direct, for which Certificate the Person receiving it shall pay such Fee as the Council shall appoint, not exceeding Five Pounds. The Professional Board shall be established for the Examination in professional Education, and shall consist of Examiners appointed as herein-after mentioned; that is to say,
The Board for England of Examiners to be appointed by the
The Board for Ireland of Examiners to be appointed by the
Any Person who shall have passed the Examination of the Profes-
XII. The Council shall determine the total Number of Examiners to constitute the Professional Board for each Part of the United Kingdom, and may from Time to Time alter any such total Number, 40 and shall determine and may from Time to Time alter the Proportions in which the several appointing Bodies in the last Section preceding mentioned shall appoint the Examiners constituting any such Board, and the Branches of Science and Practice for which such several Bodies shall appoint.
XIII. The Council shall make from Time to Time such Rules as Council to they think fit, as to the Age and Times at which Candidates shall be make Rules concerning admissible to the respective Examinations under this Act, and as to Examinathe Subjects or Branches of Education, Science, and Practice in rela- tions. 5 tion to which such Examinations shall be had, and as to the Degrees of Proficiency, and the Certificates of Character which they shall be required to produce, which Candidates shall be required to have attained in order to be entitled to Certificates from the respective Boards of Examiners, and as to the Course of Study which Candi10 dates shall be required to have pursued previous to Admission to the professional Examination, and as to the Time, Place, and Manner of holding such respective Examinations, and as to such other Matters as are placed under the Direction of the Council by this Act; and all Rules to be made by the Council under this Act shall be laid before 15 both Houses of Parliament within One Month after the making thereof, if Parliament be sitting, or if Parliament be not sitting, then within One Month after the next Meeting of Parliament.
XIV. The several Examiners shall be appointed in each Year, at Appointsuch Time as the Council shall direct, casual Vacancies shall be filled ments 20 up by the Bodies having the Right of Appointment with all con- omitted, to venient Speed after the happening thereof, and every Examiner, be made by whether appointed at the yearly Appointment or to supply a casual Vacancy, shall go out of Office at the next yearly Time of Appointment, but may be re-appointed: Provided always, that if at any Time 25 any of the above-mentioned Bodies decline to appoint Examiners or fail to make such Appointment as aforesaid within a Period of One Month from the Time at which they are directed to make it, or from the Time at which any such casual Vacancy shall occur, the Council may appoint Examiners instead of those so omitted to be appointed, 30 and the Examiners so appointed by the Council shall receive such Remuneration as the Council shall direct.
XV. The Bodies having Right of Appointment shall furnish to the List of ExaCouncil within a Week of the Appointment of Examiners a List of miners to be the Examiners so appointed, and no Appointment of an Examiner shall be valid unless it be so notified to the Council.
XVI. The Members of the Council and any Person deputed by the Council may Council, and any one registered under this Act, shall have free Access be present at to all Examinations conducted by the Professional Boards.
XVII. It shall be lawful for Her Majesty to grant to the Cor- New Charter 40 poration of the Royal College of Physicians of London a new Charter, may be and thereby to give to such Corporation the Name of "The Royal the College College of Physicians of England," and to make such Alterations in of Physicians