the bar. He went the Norfolk circuit for a He could probably have written a clever time, but his election for St. Germains par- poem on anything. Lillian took its origin tially withdrew his attention from his profes- in a few ladies challenging Praed and others sion. The energy with which he opposed to write upon these lines :the Reform Bill offended his constituents ;

“A dragon's head is flayed to warm but in 1835 he was returned for Great Yar- A headless maiden's heart." mouth, and subsequently he filled, at various From this groundwork Praed constructed a times, the offices of Secretary to the Board of Control, Recorder of Barnstaple, and tion of Lillian, the headless maiden, is won

story of singular ingenuity. His descripDeputy High Steward of the University of

derfully lifelike: Cambridge. There seemed a fair prospect of his achieving a very distinguished posi

“In the cottage on the moor,

With none to watch her and caress, tion in the State, when he was seized with

No arms to clasp, no voice to bless, consumption, and died at the age of thirty- Tho witless child grew up alone,

And made all Nature's book her own. From the time of Praed's leaving college he wrote but at rare intervals, and there can and her thin white arm, and her flowing hair,

“Beautiful shade, with her tranquil air, be no doubt that he set little value himself and the light of her eye so boldly obscure, on productions which were nothing more, And the hue of her cheeks so pale and pure ! after all, than the diversions of his leisure Reason and thought she had never known, hours. His ambition was to become a fa- So you might guess from her eye’s dim rays,

Her heart was as cold as a heart of stone; mous statesman-not an eminent writer. And her idiot laugh and her vacant gaze. Nevertheless, his writings are sufficiently She wandered about all alone on the heather, copious to show that he possessed powers For Lillian seldom spoke or smiled,

She and the wild heath birds together; of a high and rare order. His thoughts But she sang as sweet as a little childwere always fresh and original, his command Into her song her dreams would throng, of language was great, and his facility in Silly and wild and out of place; constructing rhyme could scarcely have been And yet that wild and roving song

Entranced the soul in its desolate grace.” surpassed by Lord Byron. His verse flows on with an easy smoothness that is rarely

There is a strong blending of the humorinterrupted even by a single halting line. ous and the pathetic in Praed's poems. A Wild and fantastical it often is, as befitted tinge of sadness runs throughout all his the weird, fanciful stories in which Praed's writings, and some of his most melodious imagination ran riot, but there is the touch verses are those which refe to an early disof genius in every dash of the pencil. His appointment and a sorrow that may not have powers, it must be remembered, were exer- been altogether imaginary. His pictures of cised only in their immaturity ; and we can life and character are equal to anything of but conjecture what the result would have the kind in our literature. Who that has been had his talents been applied in the ser- made his acquaintance forgets the Vicar ? vice of literature at a later period of life. or Quince ? . His sketch of the Nun, in the As it is, his writings promise more than Troubadour, is very characteristic of his. they give, and we finish each piece in the power in this direction :full assurance that the writer was capable of “Her face was oval, and her eyo doing far better. Had Praed lived a few Looked like the heaven in Italy, years longer, it is probable that he would Serenely blue, and softly bright, have returned to his first love, and given us And her neck, except where the locks of brown

Made up of languish and of light. a greater work than the Troubadour or Lil- Like a sweet summer mist fell droopingly down, lian, while ripened judgment would have led Was as chill and as white as the snow, ere the him to avoid early faults. Even his cha


Has sullied the hue of its heavenly birth; rades are so full of true poetry, so musi- And through the blue veins you might see cal and abounding in apt imagery, that The pure blood wander silently, we lose sight of the riddle we are expected Liko noiseless eddies, that far below to solve. No matter how intrinsically triv- In the glistening depths of a calm lake flow.” ial was the subject Praed selected, he always To this image of "snowy neck" and " blue treated it with matchless skill and power. veins” there is a counterpart in another of

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Praed's poems, the Legend of the Teufel at college, he was assailed with all the Hans :

taunts and reproaches usually levelled at a You might see beneath the dazzling skin, man who changes his political creed. The And watch the purple streamlets go

Rev. John Moultrie alludes to these painful Through the valleys of white and stainless circumstances in the Dream of Life:snow."

"His generation knew him not; he seemed And both passages bear a singular resem- To workly men a trifler; and when years, blance to a figure employed far more effec- Correcting the rash fervor of his youth, tively by Shelley, in Queen Mab:

Taught him to honor much, which once he

scorned, those azure veins

And guard what he had panted to o’erthrowWhich steal like streams along a field of snow.” Men deemed such seeming fickleness the fruit

Of falsehood or caprice, and factious tongues One example of Praed's muse in a pathetic Were busy to defame him." vein, from the Troubadour, is all that we gan find space for :

Praed's best speech in the House of Com

mons was delivered on March 8, 1831, upon “Fare thee well, fare thee well ! the Reform Bill. In Blackwood's Magazine Strange feet will be upon thy clay, And never stop to sigh or sorrow;

of the following month there is a slight refYet many wept for thee to-day,

erence to it :And one will weep to-morrow;

Mr. Praed's speech, which was delivered Alas! that melancholy knell Shall often wake my wondering ear,

under manifest indisposition, and at a bad And thou shalt greet me, for awhile,

hour of the night to wiu easy approbation, Too beautiful to make me fear,

was one of very great promise. The newsToo sad to let me smile!

papers very inadequately reported it; but Fare thee well, fare thee well!

those who heard it were not disappointed in I know that heaven for theo is won; marks of that brilliant genius which has led And yet I feel I would resign

to his obtaining a seat in the House." Wholo ages


life for one-
One little hour of thine!

The address contains observations which

have not yet lost their force or pungency. “Fare thee well, fare thee well ! See, I have been to the sweetest bowers, We quote from Hansard :

And culled from garden and from heath The tenderest of all tender flowers,

“A system might be good, not only as And blended in my wreath

regarded its own merits, but in so far as it The violet and the blue harebell, was bound up with the habits, the feelings, And one frail rose in its earliest bloom; and the circumstances of the people ; and Alas ! I meant it for thy hair,

if it were so, it could not be safely exAnd now I fling it on thy tomb,

changed for another system, even though it To weep and wither there!

should be proved to be a better one. Tare ye well, fare ye well!

He should certainly, oppose all Reform Sleep, sleep, my love, in fragrant shade, Droop, droop to-night, thou blushing token; He saw that for a long series of years at

which went to a remodelling of that House. A fairer flower shall never fade, Nor a fonder heart be broken !

tempts had been made, and more success

fully made than the friends of the Constitu. Praed's parliamentary career gave prom- tion could have wished, to diminish the reise, like his writings, of great future dis- spect in which the House of Peers ought, tinction. The first time he rose to speak for all beneficial purposes of the State, to

be held. was on a question of finance, and when he form would be carried beyond that House

: . He apprehended that Resat down Sir James Grabam complimented to the threshold of another, and the House the new member on his maiden attempt, of Commons would become surreptitiously and added that, "in observing the great supreme in this country.

He believed perspicuity with which the honorable and that this would not be a final measure. Allearned member had delivered his senti- though the Judge Advocate said that it was ments, he could not avoid congratulating sweeping enough to satisfy all moderate the House on the accession of talent and in- men, yet he looked forward to times when a formation they had gained by his introduc- what was sweeping enough to satisfy all

bill would be brought in as much beyond tion” to Parliament. Praed subsequently moderate men as this measure was- beyond spoke earnestly against the Reform Bill; that state of the constitution which satisfied and, as he had held extreme Radical views the high Tories."


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At his funeral nearly all his old friends as- Not that his nature, graciously endaed sembled, mourning the untimely loss which

With feelings and affections pure and high,

Was purged from worldly taint, and self-subhad befallen them. The sad scene has been

dued, depicted in touching language by Moultrie Till soul o'er sense gained perfect mastery. -the room hung with funereal black," into which

“Not for this only we lament his loss— “ The mourners stole

Not for this chiefly we account bim blest; A sad and silent crowd, by various ties,

But that all this he cast beneath the cross, Public and private, joined to him in life,

Content for Christ to live, in Christ to rest.” All grieving for him dead.

Those who knew Praed best bold most Friends who had not met strongly to the conviction that he would For many a year before, met there to mourn have taken a foremost place among public

a A nobler friend than all."

men if he had lived. This, in truth, is the Moultrie, Derwent Coleridge, and Hookham most obvious commentary on his worksFrere descended into the vault after the ser- had he but lived! The shadow of an unvice had been read, and all three wept bit-timely death seems to rest upon the many terly over the early grave. Moultrie penned graceful productions of his occasional hours, the following lines in memory of his friend :

and it is impossible to turn over the faded “Not that in him, whom these poor praises pages of bis schoolboy magazine without wrong,

thinking with regret of the early grave in
Gifts, rare themselves, in rarest union dwelt; which youth and ambition, genius and hope,
Not that, revealed through eloquence and song,
In him the bard and statesman breathed and were extinguished together.



On Tuesday an adjourned inquest on the body half, and then to be cast off. Oh, God have
of a poor girl, eighteen years of age, named mercy on me, and forgive me my sins. I have
Hannah Brooks, who was drowned at St. Paul's gone to see my Maker, and I hope the Lord will
Wharf steamboat pier, on the 17th ult., was re- forgive me and take me. Mother, pray for
sumed. Mr. Hann, the summoning officer, your poor girl, and kiss my poor sisters for me,
banded to the deputy coroner the following and let them have my books between them. My
touching letter which had been sent to the girl's poor brain is all on a work. Jack Archer, when
mother? "John Archer, I hope you will not you see my poor body I hope you will look at
drive another poor girl to an carly grave as you i me and say, ' That is through me,' which you
have done me. It is through you that I have well know is a fact. I would rather die like
done this, for I could not bear the shame you this than do as you told me. Good-by, and God
have brought me to, and then laughed at me bless you! Those are my last words. May the
after being a poor silly fool to you. I hope God great God look down in mercy on me! 0
will forgive me for this act that I have done, and heavenly Father, have mercy on me! O God,
I hope that God will bless my sisters, brothers, look down in mercy on me! My name is Han-
and my mother and father. Mother, you cursed nah Brooks, No. 1 Bromley Buildings, Bread-
me when I was a girl, and your curse has clung Street Hill, City.”—Examiner.
to me, but I hope you will not curse my sisters
in case it may cling to them, as it has to me.
May God forgive me this crime I have commit-
ted. You all thought that I should not do it,
but I hope the Lord will have mercy on my
poor soul, but I could not bear the disgrace, so
you may blame Jack Archer for your poor girl's A MANCHESTER paper states, on what it con-
miserable end. None of you will grieve for me siders to be most respectable authority, that a
I know, for you said that I had brought you to wonderful discovery has recently been mude in
shame and disgrace. While I write this I am electricity as applicable to purposes of the elec-
shedding bitter tears to think that I should be tric telegraph: "Incredible as it may seem, it is
so wicked. I have not got a friend in this world said that experiments have established the
to speak to me or give me a kind word. No, I fact that intelligible signals can be exchanged
may go on the streets before my mother would between distant stations without the interven-
give me a bit of bread. Jack Archer said that tion of any artificial conductor whatsoever, and
I might go on the streets for my living, after with equal success, whether the intervening
being what I have to him for two years and a space be wholly or partially land or water.”

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From The Examiner. field was adopted. Why, then, do we neglect THE GYMNASTIC TRAINING OF TROOPS. what is next in importance to the efficiency

Any one who has lately seen the French of the arm, the speed of the legs that are to infantry must have been struck by the celer- carry it to its positions in action ? ity of their movements. Their quick march Oh, some old martinet will say, “ See how nearly, if not quite, equals the trot of horse, loosely these Frenchmen scramble along, how and the men keep it up without any appar- badly they wheel, and how ill their line is ent effort or fatigue. They seem to have dressed, while our fellows march like a wall. acquired a peculiarly nimble way of picking Slow and sure.” But the French in their up their feet to borrow a phrase of the jock- loose way get ultimately, and quickly, too, eys, and it gets them over the ground at a into the right position, and their line, though rate which would leave our best light infantry not ruled with mathematical precision, serves far behind. If celerity of movement be as for all the purposes of war, though not of the important on land as it is known to be at sea, trimmest show on parade-ground. If by outthe speed of the French infantry will be a marching us they secure the advantage of point of great superiority in campaigning. an important position, it will be no consolaThe step of our troops is quickened, but it tion that our line in the wrong place is betdoes not come up to the French, who are ter formed. trained to it by gymnastic exercises. . Their In the Peninsula Lord Wellington had physical powers being inferior to those of brought the British army to a full equality the English, they improve and develop them with the French in movement, the business to the utmost, and make the most of the man of the campaigns having been the training. such as he is. As in their cookery, art makes But what are we now doing in peace, while up for the inferiority of material. The Eng- the French are supplying the training to lish standard of stature and strength is the bring up their soldiers to something more very first in Europe, but little or nothing is than the pitch of excellence attained in camdone to cultivate the natural advantages. paigning? There are improvements no Our armies have always had the character of doubt in manœuvres, but here what can be being tardy and slow. Thiers says that their made of the soldier's limbs is not studied as generals may be forgiven for causing them it is in France. But if any English regiment to be slaughtered, but not for fatiguing them. were put under the training of the French, To be sure, he is not a very fair authority, it would by force of its natural physical adbut a better witness, the German Commis- vantages surpass the very best our neighbors sioner with the Duke of Wellington at Water- could produce. We have been led to these loo, states that Blucher endeavored in vain remarks by some interesting statements in to hasten the march of the English army the Paris correspondence of the Times :upon Paris, and that the duke confessed the

A Paris paper, referring to the last ma. impossibility of quickening the movement of

næuvres of the Infantry of the Guard in the his troops so as to keep up with the Prus- Champ de Mars, speaks of the various modsians, who were accounted the very slowest ifications that have been introduced at vari. of any continental army. The old school will ous times into the old regulations of 1831.

what matters it that the men were slow The commencement of the changes in questo move if they beat the enemy? And this tion was a formation in two ranks instead of is the stock argument against every improve-cussion locks and of rifled barrels, the dimi

three. Then came the introduction of perment. With brown Bess our troops beat the nution of the weight carried by the soldier, French in Spain and Flanders, but then they and, finally, the full development of the sol. had a worse sort of brown Bess opposed to dier's activity, and of the nobility of masses

and bad as our weapon was the fire of troops. The double quick,' or running of our infantry was accounted the very best step, known as the pas gymnastique, and the nourished (we borrow the French word) in bayonet exercise, haye been found greatly to Europe, that is to say in the world. And promote the suppleness and activity of the when the French adopted the improved arm, ted into the regulations of the 17th of April.

soldier, and they have been definitively admit the Minié rifle, it compelled our reluctant 1862, as principles of military education. military authorities to introduce a correspond- The pas gymnastique, which is neither more ing improvement in our weapon, and the En-J nor less than a steady run, improves the sol.



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dier's wind, and, by practice, can be kept up spise lead and give the preference to steel. for a long time. It enables bodies of infan- With the bayonet one is surer of the result. try to transfer themselves, in action, to any The favorite tactics of the Zouaves have been part of the field where they may be needed thus summed up by General Cler (a distinin an extremely short time, arriving in good guished French officer who commanded a order and in good wind. There can be no regiment of Zouaves at the capture of Sebasdoubt of the value of this kind of exercise, topol): “They spread themselves in skirbut it must manifestly be constantly kept up, mishing order, get as near as possible to the in peace time as well as in war, since a few enemy, bewilder him by one or two close volmonths' discontinuance would neutralize leys, and attack with the bayonet, turning much of the benefit of previous training: his flanks at the same time." Success has

"The bayonet drill, by giving the soldier almost invariably crowned this manquvre, confidence in his weapon and teaching him although there might be serious objections to handle it adroitly, furnishes him with a to with other men than Zouares. In fact, powerful means of attack, as well as a pre- when they thus dash forward they are discious means of defence in the case of his persed in disorder, and it seems impossible finding himself surrounded by several adver- to rally them in case of an attack by cavalry. saries. Considered, finally, as the bases of But these regiments possess such an intellithe instruction of the recruit, the gymnastic gence of war, such a surprising rapidity of step and the bayonet fencing rid him of the evolutions, so great an individual solidity, original slowness and want of agility of the that a line of skirmishers, scattered over a peasant who is being transformed into a soldier. considerable extent of ground, transforms The two great principles established are the itself into a square in the space of a few mindevelopment of the agility of the soldier, and utes. The officers who have tried their men the mobility of masses which is attained as and know their value leave them the utmost its result. Thus is all our infantry trans- liberty possible. Instead of thwarting their formed into light infantry, apt for rapid formidable impetus by uselessly dressing movements, the which, joined to the national them in line, they content themselves with dash (élan) of our troops, may produce the leading them against the feeblest point of greatest results.'

that of the enemy. Moreover, the Zouares “ The improvements introduced into the themselves have a particular instinct in recarmy of so bellicose a nation as the French ognizing the vulnerable place against which cannot but be of interest, and worthy of not their efforts should be brought to bear.” ing by all other European powers. The tactics of the Zouaves especially—a branch of

The tactics of the Zouaves the French infantry which, in case of a long

may and serious war, would be likely to be largely tion for military judgment, and different opinaugmented—are of a particularly formidable ions may prevail about them, but we cannot nature to troops that are not prepared for conceive any rational objection to developthem, or which do not possess in perfection ing the agility of the soldier and maximizing that calmness and solidity which high disci- the mobility of troops. It was not long ago pline and long service alone can completely that men dropped down exhausted on a short bestow. And France has always in Africa forty thousand men, whom it would take lit- march to Windsor, one actually died, and tle more than a change of uniform to convert the probability is that something of this sort into Zouaves. A recent writer on the Alge- would happen to any regiment in this counrian army made the following remarks on try put upon a forced march of five-andthe Zouaves :

twenty miles, which a French regiment “The superiority of French soldiers is trained to marching quickly would perform in great part to be attributed to the intel

without distress, and gayly. We doubt exligent manner in which they fight. Among them the Zouaves have acquired a special tremely whether a battalion of the Guards reputation for spontaneity of action ; they would effect a march to Windsor in five hours are the artists of the battle-field. The part without leaving men lame and exhausted on they play in an engagement necessitates par- the road, and we have heard a high military ticular qualities; they are specially apt at authority express his opinion that those fine surprises, coups de main, and in those acts household troops would be much better exof daring which often decide the fate of the ercised in marches to Wormwood Scrubs or day. They are the advanced guard, the heads of columns of an army. Their favorite arm

Wimbledon Common, there to waste powder is the bayonet; in musketry they have but in blank-cartridge practice, than in their moderate confidence; so many balls have squibbing field days, almost on the threshold whistled harmlessly by them that they de- of their barracks, in Hyde Park. The ground

be a ques.


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