thrust Italy back to the condition of five ; Spain rebels against the high-handed dealyears ago.

ings of the French in Mexico. Italy shows However, the Church will not consent to her teeth also in a very natural fit of resentthis. And Napoleon cannot quarrel out- ment and almost despair. right with the Church. Universal suffrage is the law of his land, and elections for its representative Assembly are approaching. The Liberals are awake, and the Orleanists

BRITISH OPINIONS. have leagued with them. The Church is angry, and the Legitimists have received THE last numbers of the two great leaders, orders to act as auxiliaries to this anger. A Tory and Whig, have long articles on the hostile majority, or even a formidable minor-War to overthrow the American Republic. ity in the Chamber, would be most inconven- The concluding paragraphs are copied. ient, when it is considered that a Chamber without an Opposition at all has still suc

From The Quarterly Review, Oct., 1862. ceeded in restricting the Budget, flinging But, whatever the probable fate of slavery out a Dotation bill, and filling the Tuileries in the Confederacy may be, it cannot affect with six months of annoyance and anxiety.

the national duties of England. We are very The Italian Ministry have, therefore, been good friends with the Kingdom of Spain and told they must wait. They answer,

the Empire of Brazil, in both of which slavWe

ery flourishes, and where there is neither an can wait if permitted to announce a defini- immediate nor a proximate probability of tive settlement in any time. But that would emancipation.* Nor ought we to forget that be a threat to Rome, and would exasperate ten years have not elapsed since we plunged the Church as much as immediate violence. into a bloody war, and spent some eighty Signor Rattazzi has, therefore, announced millions of money, to uphold the integrity of the determination of his sovereign to declare an empire in which the white slave-trade is

still carried on. that the Government considers Rome to be

A country which is united

to Turkey by diplomatic ties so affectionate a necessary portion of Italy, and its inhab- and confidential is not called upon to be itants the subjects of that kingdom. France squeamish abcht the domestic institutions forthwith deprecated any such sweeping an- of its allies. But, in the interest of the antinouncement, which would apger the Pope's slavery party themselves, we ought to be court, and even give it a fair excuse for de careful that no hostility to us should be exclining all future negotiations. The Italian cited in the minds of the Confederates by Ministry has put off the Chamber and the The new State will be bound by no treaties

undue favor shown to their opponents.

any declaration till November, but proclaims that to suppress the slave-trade, and the preceit can do no more. If a settlement cannot dent we ourselves set in the case of the tradthen be announced, a dissolution of the ers of the United States will preclude us from Chamber must take place, and what resolve demanding a right of search, except where it a Chamber elected under such a pressure of has been voluntarily conceded. circumstances might take, is what neither

But, in truth, the whole slavery dispute Victor Emmanuel nor Rattazzi can answer

seems petty and trivial, when we read the for. In this way stand the relations between daily tale of Lancashire starvation. With

weekly narrative of American carnage or the the governments and the courts. La Guér- every respect to the negro, we cannot stop ronnière's articles have added to the exas- to inquire into wrongs under which he apperation, and the clauses of the Treaty of parently thrives and is happy, when the blood Commerce have been left unconcluded by the of our own race is being poured out like negotiators.

water, and our own fellow-citizens are perIn the efforts made by Napoleon the Third ishing by inches. We cannot contemplate

the battle-fields strown with corpses, or vast to secure alliances, there were none on which regions once busy and prosperous now laid be laid more stress than those with his southern neighbors, Spain and Italy. If secure ified by law from voting for Senators, Deputies to

* In Brazil even emancipated slaves are disqualof these he might easily, it was thought, the Imperial Parliament, and Meinbers of the Promeet the hostility of the north. But he has vincial Assemblies, and from being elected Senabeen unable to secure the friendship even of tors, Deputies, or Members of Provincinl Assem

blies. These are the only civil riguts which they the second-rate sovereigns of the south. I do not enjoy.



waste by war, and console ourselves with On no other principle can a State maintain the reflection that, if it be only continued its place in the civilized world, and on no long enough, it may possibly end in promot- other principle do we assign honors and reing the negroes suddenly to a freedom which wards to our statesmen and our soldiers. they will not appreciate, oud will certainly On no other principle, certainly, can the promisuse. We cannot reconcile ourselves to longed war of the North against the South the sight of a famine-stricken population at be for a moment defended. home by the hope that, if their sufferings are If this be so, why are we in this case to sufficiently prolonged, the integrity of an ag- " discard all selfish considerations”? Why gressive and unscrupulous empire may pos- specially on the question of Secession and sibly be restored. Every consideration of our sympathy with the South or North, are humanity to those abroad and those at home we to neglect the element of advantage to demands that we should do everything in our England ? It can hardly be said that the power, and, if need be, risk something, to Government of the United States in their bring this fearful desolation to a close. As dealings with us have set us the example of soon as the time comes-we trust that it may unselfishness, although their feeling has been be close at hand—when, by a fair interpreta- sometimes adverse to us, when there was no tion of international law, we can join with apparent interest to guide it in that direcother European powers in recognizing an tion; as for instance at the time of the Criindependence which is already an accom- mean War. plished fact, there is a fair hope that the As a people, it is not our business to say Federals may see in our declaration an hon- what interpretation of the American Constiorable plea for retreating from a contest from tution is the right one. Whether we apwhich they will assuredly never be extricated prove or disapprove of the municipal laws by success.

and institutions of the South, their indepen.

dence of the Government at Washington is From The Edinburgh Review, Oct., 1862.

not the less a fact. If it be manifestly for the We do not deny the obligations of na- advantage of England to acknowledge that tional morality. We fully admit that every fact by recognizing the national character of people is responsible for its acts, and for the the Southern Confederacy, we cannot see way in which it exercises its influence over why their morality, for which we are not reothers. A violation of national faith, or a sponsible, should stand in the way of such wanton provocation of the greatest of all recognition. Neither the peace of the world evils-war-is never committed with impu. nor the triumph of good over evil will be nity. As it is, however, with private, so it promoted by shutting our eyes to facts and is with public, morality; the providence of events on such grounds as these. God has ordained, that the real prosperity But, on the other hand, we do not say of nations, as of individuals, and the good that it is for the interests of England wisely government of the civilized world, should be considered, at the present moment to recog. worked out by the action of each seeking, nize the Southern Confederacy. We are inwithin certain limits, that which is for his clined to believe that Lord Palmerston's pol. own interest.

When a nation oversteps icy has been hitherto right—that at this those limits there is a Nemesis waiting pa- moment the acknowledgment of the South tiently to avenge the crime-a Nemesis not as a nation would of itself effect very little, the less sure because the retribution is and might cause to England evils greater not always undergone by the generation than those which it would remove. which committed the offence, nor understood If this be so we have nothing to do but to by those on whom it falls. What is the lament the civil war which is raging in the meaning of the instinct of patriotism and the United States, and we must bear as well as love of one's own country, except that men, we can the suffering of Lancashire, whilst we in dealing with other nations, should keep wait patiently and calmly for the course of steadily in view the welfare of their own ? | events.



It is the misfortune of excellence to be paro- Can legal lore or animated speech died. No one dreams of burlesquing shallow

A vert that sentence which awaits us all ? mediocrity. “Gray's Elegy » has often been Can nisi prius craft and snares o'erreach parodied. The best specimen of this is to be

That Judge whose look the boldest must appall

? found in the Legal Examiner, published in London in 1844, the authorship of which is un- Perhaps in those neglected rooms abound known. Here it is : from its title and allusions Men deeply versed in all the quirks of laws, evidently the production of a lawyer—Tran- Who could, with cases, right and wrong conscript.


And common sense upset, by splitting straws. ELEGY IN THE TEMPLE GARDENS.

But, ah ! to them no clerk his golden page, THE gardener rings the hell at close of day,

Rich with retaining fees, did e'er unroll; The motley crowd wind slowly home to tea;

Chill negligence repressed their legal rage, Soft on the Thames the dayliskt fish and even me. And froze the quibbling current of the soul

. to darkness to Now shine the glimmering gas-lamps on the

Full many a barrister, who well could plead,

Those dark and unfrequented chambers bear; sight, The wardens now the outer portals lock,

Full many a pleader born to draw unfee'd,

And waste its counts upon the desert air ! And deepest stillness marks the approach of night,

Some Follett, whom no client e'er would trust, Savo when the watchman calls. “Past ten Some Wilde, who gained no verdict in his o'clock."

In den obscure, some Denman there may rust, Save, also, when from yonder antique tower,*

Some Campbell, with no peeress for his wife. With solemn sound the bell strikes on the ear, And wandering damsels, as they hear the hour, The wits of wondering juries to beguile, Trip through the gloomy courts with haste The wrongs of injured clients to redress, and fear.

To gain or lose their verdict with a smile, In those high rooms where clients ne'er intrude,

And read their speeches in the daily press. And here and there a light doth dimly peep, Their lot forbade :- nor was it theirs' — d'yo Each in his lonely set of chambers mewed, The briefless crowd their nightly vigils keep : The wretched in the toils of law to lure ;

To prostitute their conscience for a fee, The grave attorney, knocking frequently,

And shut the gates of justice on the poor. The tittering clerk, who hastens to the door, The balky brief and corresponding fee,

To try mean tricks to win a paltry cause, Are things unknown to all that lofty floor.

With threadbare jests, to catch the laugh of Small comfort theirs when each dull day is o’er, Or puff

in court, before all human laws,

No gentle wife their joys and griefs to share:
No quiet homeward wałk at half-past four

The lofty wisdom of the last New Rules.
To some snug tenement near Russell Square. Not one rale nisi even to compute,”
Oft have they read cach prosing term report,

Their gentle voices e'er were heard to pray, Dull treatises and statutes not a few;

Calm and sequestered, motionless and mute, How many a vacant day they've passed in court!

In the remote back seats they passed each

day. How many a barren circuit travelled through!

Yet e'en their names are sometimes seen in Yet let not judges mock their useless toil,

print; And joke at sapient faces no one knows; Nor ask, with careless and contemptuous smile, Disclose in letters large, and dingy tint,

For frail memorials, on the outer doors, If no one moves in all the long black rows?

The unknown tenants of the upper floors. Vain is the coif, the crmined robe, the strife Of courts, and vain is all success e'er gave;

Door-posts supply the place of Term Reports, Say, can the judge, whose word gives death or To show that he who never moved the courts,

And splendid plates around the painter sticks, lifo,

Has moved from number two to number six. Reprieve himself, when summoned to the grave?

For who, to cold neglect a luckless prey, Nor you, ye leaders, view them with ill-will,

His unfrequented attic e'er resigned, If no one sees their speeches in the Times,

E'er moved, with better hopes, across the way, Where long-drawn columns oft proclaim your

And did not leave a spruce tin plate behind ? skill, To blacken innocence and palliate crimes.

Strong is the love of fame in noble minds,

And he, whose bold aspirings fate doth crush, * The Middle Temple Hall Tower—a modern Receives some consolation when he finds antique.

His name recorded by the painter's brush.

see ?

and ten,

For thee, who, mindful of each briefless wight, He watches silent on his column there,

Dost in these motley rhymes their tale relate, Lights gleam beneath, crowds flow, and If musing in his lonely attic flight,

coursers prance ; Șomo youthful student should inquire thy The sight is dazzled by the sound and glare fate,

Of chariots that through green Elysiums

glance. Haply some usher of the court may say :- All that there is of pleasure is most fairAt morn I've marked him oft, 'twixt nine The type and cynosure of courtly France.


J. N. Striding with hasty step, the Strand away,

At four o'clock to saunter back again; There in the Bail Court, where yon quaint old judge,

LONDON. Dotli twist his nose, and wreath his wig awry; Dim miles of smoke behind. I look before Listless for hours he'd sit, and never budge, And pore upon a book,-the Lord knows Through looming curtains of November rain, wly!

Till eyes and ears are weary with the strain :

Amid the glare and gloom I hear the roar Oft would he bid me fetch him some report, Of Life's sea beating on a barren shore.

And turn from case to case, with look forlorn; Terrible arbiter of joy and pain ! Then bustling would he run from court to court,

A thousand hopes are wrecks of thy disdain; As if some rule of his ! were coming on.

A thousand hearts have learned to love no One morn I missed that figure lean and lank, Over thy gleaming bridges on the street

And that pale face, so often marked by me, That ebbs and flows beneath the silent dome, Another came,-nor yet was he in Bank,

Life's pulse is throbbing at a fever heat: Nor th’ Exchequer, nor at the Plecs was he. City of cities, battle-field and home

Of England's greatest, greatly wear their The next day, as at morn, I chanced to see

spoils, Deatli's peremptory paper in the Times ; Thou front and emblem of the Old World's I read lis name, which there stood number three,


J. N. And there I also read these doleful rhymes





Here rests a youth lamented but by few,
A barrister to fame and courts unknown;

“Men sought to prove me vile, Brief was his life--yet was it briefless too,

Because I wished to give them larger minds." For no attorncy marked him for his own.

STAND fast, thon later saint and modern sage, Deep and correct his knowledge of the laws,

Calmly across Contention's stormy night, No judge a rulo of his could c'er refuse;

Shed, over angry waves, a bronder light: He never lost a clicnt or a cause,

Shine on alone, and, when their little rage Because, forsooth, he ne'er had ono to lose.

Has lashed itself to silence, still the page Eren as he lived unknown-unknown he dies;

Stamped with thy work will stand; the larger Calm be his rest, from hopeless struggle free,

sight Til that dread Court, from which no error lics,

Of after days will learn to read thee right,

Thinker and teacher of a faithless age. Shall final judgment pass on him and thec.

Thy peers may pass thee; to tho glittering If the gentlo reader will take the trouble of prize

Of pomp and fame and power let others comparing stanza for stanza, and even line for

climb : line of the parody with the original poem, he The slow and sure award of Justice lies, will see how closely the witty rhymester fol. For thee laid up beyond the sands of time. lowed the original.

“ Far-off divine events are in thine eyes,

Truth that endures, and Love's cternal prime.

J. N.


THE TIRED SPIRIT. IMPERIAL mistress of a thousand shows,

City scarce second in the world's renown, Full many a storm on this gray head has beat;

Thy baubles are a sceptre and a crown And now, on my high station do I stand, To play with, as thy favor comes and gous.

Like the tired watchman in his air-rocked tower, Between thy palaces the river flows,

Who looketh for the hour of his release. Smiling, yet mindful of the Bastille's frown, I'm sick of worldly broils, and fain would rest

Its fall-and his who hurled empires down, With those who war no more. As he went crashing to his fiery close :



. .

No. 965.-29 November, 1862.


PAGE. 387

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390 399

1. The Anti-Papal Literature of Italy,

Spectator, 2. The Water-Babies. A Fairy Tale for a LandBaby,

Rev. Professor Kingsley, 8. Aids to Faith,

Quarterly Review,
[The conclusion of this article, which treats of
the relation of the whole matter to the Church

of England, will be given in No. 966.] 4. Recognition of the South,

London Review, 6. The Loves of Old Ladies,

Saturday Review, 6. Eugénie de Guérin,

Spectator, 7. General Mitchel,

N. Y. Evening Post, 8. Queen's Pedigree,

Spectator, 9. Influence of France in Europe,

417 420 422 425 427 428

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POETRY.—Mont Blanc revisited, 386. The Glacier, 386. Impatience, 386. Autumn Pictures, 386. The Gorilla's Dilemma, 431. A Voice from Cambridge, 431. The Cambridge Duet, 432. Back Again, 432.

SHORT ARTICLES.—The Walled Lake, 389. Statue of Hallam in St. Paul's, 389. New Mode of Gold-Mining, 389. Illuminating Power of Petroleum, 419. Marshals of France, 419. The Italian Army, 419.


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