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Mr. N. In that case I shall lose on my Mr. N. (icily). If you have done with the fusees, and gain on my banker's book. Ha! paper, I shall be obliged by it. ha!

Mrs. N. There it is. I see old Mr. BloMrs. N. You are easily pleased. ker is gone at last. She will be well off,

Mr. N. Then you must reproach your- wont she ? self with not oftener trying what is so easy. Mr. N. What, John Bloker! Dear me, I Come, I was only joking.

am shocked. Mrs. N. I am glad you mention it. I did Mrs. N. Well, I don't know what about. not see the joke. Such things are not much It must be a happy release for himself and in your way.

his friends. Mrs. Bloker will marry again, Mr. N. (furious). A course of novels I dare say. makes us critical as well as polite.

Mr. N. Why, she's as old as you are. Mrs. N. Oh, there! I didn't say it. I'm Marry again, indeed! However, as there's sorry I spoke. I know that you are the wit no saying what folly a woman may commit, of the “Flips” Club, only don't bring your I make no doubt that John Bloker has taken wit to me, bucause I am unfortunately too care to fortify her weak resolution by some stupid to be a good judge of that article. anti-matrimonial suggestions in his will.

Mr. N. Or of any other--potted beef in- Goose as she may be, she is hardly goose cluded. This is the worst I ever ate. enough to suppose that anybody would think

Mrs. N. Here is the paper dear (takes it of her except in connection with his savings. in at the window). Perhaps somebody else's What do you think? (The above charming ideas may be more amusing than your own. speech delivered slowly, and as matter long Just let me see who is married.

since pondered.) Mr. N. Inhuman satisfaction !

Mrs. N. (with a curious effort). Perhaps Mrs. N. (scorning to notice such used-up you are right, Henry. Indeed, I have no rubbish, and reading). Ah! Helen Sander- doubt that you are. I spoke hastily when son's wedding at last! Alfred has got his I said-my dear Henry! Your meerschauin step, then. What a happy wife she will be. nearly out. I'll get you a match. But Mr. N. Yes, and will deserve her happi- wont you come and smoke on the beach ?-

I do not know any one with such a I don't mean about the smell in the curtains, sweet temper. She is always cheerful ; al- dear, because I rather like that,-it seems so · ways tries to make the pleasantest answer domestic—but it is so much pleasanter to that can be made, and looks happiest when have you with me, and you can read your she has done any one a kind turn.

Times just as well in the shade of the bathMrs. N. And she marries a man who can ing machines. Come, I wont be a minute appreciate those qualities, and who is worth putting on my hat, and as we go down, we'll pleasing. And how handsome Alfred Crow- call at Pickleton and Larder's for a moment, hurst is. He looks like a gentleman. as I told them to get something which I think Mr. N. Yes, it is a very good imitation. you'll like for breakfast-you don't half take , is :

care of yourself, and I believe I am wrong So spiteful. As if anybody complained of in leaving you to yourself so much, only you

are so decided and imperious, dear, that I am you for being only five feet four, and being always afraid to interfere. There—now you obliged to wear a wig. Do allow good looks have a capital fire, and I wont be a minute. to other persons.

[Exit. Mr. N. (solemnly). I have told you re- Mr. N. (smiling to himself). I believe that peatedly, Mrs. Naggleton, that I am five feet she cares about me a great deal, and that six-not, of course-ha, ham-that it signi- the thought of Mrs. Bloker's bereavement

She's not a bad sort fies; but it argues a determination to be touched her feelings. disrespectful when a person continues to re-ton No. 1.

of woman, though nothing like Mrs. Naggle

[Exit to wait at street-door. peat what is not truth.

Scene in another apartment. MRS. NAGGLEMrs. N. Well, you shall be six feet if you

TON before the looking-glass. like, dear. As you say, what does it signify ? Mrs. N. If he has! And he is quite caAnd your wig's your own hair ; and is there pable of it. As old as I am, indeed! Well, any other truth that you would like me to it's no use talking, butadmit, while I am about it?

Scene closes.

ness.

THE FROG IN THE BLOCK OF COAL.-OLD KING COAL. 327

From Punch. to exclaim, with great emphasis, “Blue lias,” THE FROG IN THE BLOCK OF COAL. alluding, we suppose, in a somewhat hasty

It is not generally known that the Frog, manner to the exhibitors of the Frog and whose untimely decease the Commissioners Coal. Not so Mr. Max Muller, who held a of the International Exhibition are now

lengthened conversation with the Frog, and mourning, continued up to the day of its pronounced it to be of the Aryan family,

and a disciple of Zoroaster. death to express itself in the Welsh tongue, About a week before its death, Mr. Buckwith a degree of fluency the more extraordi- land, the naturalist, hearing that it was ailnary when we consider the very lengthened ing, sent a messenger to inquire whether, in period of its incarceration. The public is the event of its decease, it would wish to be aware that on its first liberation from the stuffed, or preserved in spirits ; offering in block of coal, it made a communication in

either case to perform the operation. The

Frog returned no answer ; but became from Welsh, supposed to relate to the cause of that period very nervous and hypochondriaits being so immured, but in consequence cal, took to feeling its pulse, changed color of no person present understanding that when a Frenchman passed, and showed language, this interesting piece of antedilu- every sign of a confirmed croaker; and vian history was lost, for since then the shortly after, to the deep regret of Her Frog exhibited an evident repugnance to Majesty's Commissioners and the public touch upon

the topic, which may, we there- generally, it breathed its last. fore suppose, have been a tender one. As soon as it became known that the language

OLD KING COAL. it spoke was Welsh, an interpreter, one

On, who is this toad in a hole, David ap Morgan ap Rees, gratuitously of With face so expressively dark, fered his services, and it is from him that we Who spends all his life in a coal, have learnt the following interesting par

And only comes out for a lark? ticulars.

“It's clear he was famous of yore, David Rees informs us that the Frog For his quarters are vert pique noir,

His blood is the sangre azul; ap from the first displayed a great desire to

And his arms hoppunt à la Grenouille !* ascertain the public opinion concerning it. From Grab Street to Bridgewater Place self, and on hearing that some sceptics This Opéra Comique's all the go; deemed it an imposture, it swelled visibly, Where Buckland does alto and bass, foamed at the mouth, and exclaimed in a

And Brown, Jones, and Scroggins Buffo. most excited state, “cwmddrwellydd llan- Then what awe must cach bosom o’erspread wrst y dwyhdeswrt,” which, our informant On the bust of this quaint figure-head

As we gaze on that petrified bark; tells us, is a malediction of most fearful

That has yachted with Noah in the ark : import. A few days later it introduced the When we think that these somnolent eyes subject again, and on Rees telling it that

With morniug primeval awoke, public opinion had changed, and now in- That this solo (though sweet for its size) clined to consider it the identical Frog who Preluded Lab'rinthodon's croak! was swallowed up by the lily-white duck, it Come Mammoth and Mastodon back, appeared very uneasy, but assuming an air

Iguanodon, Suarian grimof nonchalance, it said the report was a You may rattle your bones till they crack, canard. Rees judging from the agitation But you can't hold a candle to him : of the Frog when it heard of its brother's Trap, oblite, granite, and gneisstragical end, and the concern and dejection Here's a stratum will give you a hint; depicted on its countenance, as it was told Azoics, you're shelved in a trice, the nature of his ill-fated journey, says he Sand, lias, stalactite, and flint. considers the Frog had been crossed in love, Hence, Ammonites ! yield to your fatcand that that had something to do with the You are gravelled for many a year; abnormal position in which it was found. Quartz, silica, porph’ry, and slate, This, however, is merely a conjecture. Walk your chalks! you've no chance with The Frog was visited during its short so

what's here. journ in the International Exhibition by sev- For there's nothing in bone or in shell eral distinguished men of science, among

So ancient the savants can show; others, by Sir Roderick Murchison, who, As the Restes of this black little swellafter a careful inspection of the block of

As the Case of poor Johnny Crapaud ! coal, and its late tenant, went away as much * The Living Age supposes this to be the very a disbeliever as he came, for he was heard old French pronunciation.

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From The London Anti-Slavery Advocate. bleness and desirableness of a separation ; ESTRANGEMENT BETWEEN THE UNITED and this being so, it was not unnatural that STATES AND GREAT BRITAIN.

the Northern people should see in the decla

ration of neutrality (however reasonable that 220 1862.

measure was in itself)—a foregone concluTo the Editor of the Anti-Slavery Advocate :- sion unfavorable to them-a determination

MY DEAR SIR: I have read the article in on the part of the Government to sustain the the Leicestershire Mercury, and freely ac- views expressed by the press. knowledge the fair and truthful spirit in The writer in the Mercury complains that which it is written; nevertheless, it appears “ without waiting to ascertain the grounds to me to be open, both in its reasoning and of international law" on which the English conclusions, to grave exception.

Government acted, the Northern people The writer represents the estrangement raised a cry of bitter anger. This was, doubtbetween the North and Great Britain as oc- less, very unreasonable, but I think some casioned exclusively by Northern faults and allowance might be made for a nation in the shortcomings. The people of this country throes of a great civil contest, by those who were, he tells us, originally favorable to the here in the midst of prosperity and peace North, and desired its success, but they have criticise its conduct. Extreme sensitiveness been alienated by the unreasonable violence to foreign opinion was, under such circumand scurrility of the Northern press. I con- stances, pot unnatural, more especially when fess I think this account of the matter at it was known that this opinion was a main once unfair and superficial; unfair, because element in the calculation of the rebelsit leaves wholly out of sight the provocation when the belief of the South that King Cotgiven on our side ; and superficial, because ton would speedily bring English and French it does not touch the more fundamental assistance had been loudly proclaimed. Eng. causes of the prevailing feeling. I will say land, moreover, had been known as par exa few words on both these points.

cellence the law-loving and slavery-hating It is, perhaps, true that at a very early stage nation ; and if it was natural for the South

; of the business the majority of people in this to count upon the support of England on the country, so far as they had formed any opin- score of cotton, it was not less naturalion on the subject (which was to a very slight though perhaps somewhat more honorable extent) were favorable to the North ; but, to both parties—that the North should reckon on the other hand, there was always a consid- on the good-will of England when engaged erable minority which hailed with eagerness in the task of putting down a rebellion of the prospect of a dissolution of the Union ; slaveholders. and there was this difference between these It should be remembered, also, that the two parties, that, while with the former the Anti-British feeling of which the Mercury feeling was languid and found no distinct speaks was almost confined, at least in its expression, with the latter it was energetic, most violent and scurrilous form, to a few and was pronounced with unmistakable em- Northern papers which were well known to phasis.

be pro-slavery and Southern in their poliThe writers of the Times and the Saturday tics; a fact, which the leaders of the British Review, so early as April, 1861, were any- press, instead of recognizing and putting thing but friendly towards the North, or fa- clearly before their readers (as the interests vorable to a restoration of the Union. I was of truth required), deliberately and systematnot then in the habit of seeing the Tory ically kept out of sight. I would ask those prints, but, judging from the line they have who charge the whole Northern people with since taken, I cannot doubt that they were unprovoked hostility to Great Britain to restill more decidedly anti-Northern. There- flect on the reception which, less than a fore it is not true, as the writer represents, twelvemonth before the civil war broke out, that the Northern press turned upon us with had been given to the Prince of Wales by no other provocation than our declaration of the Northern States—a reception which drew neutrality. Before that declaration had ap- from the Times correspondent the observapeared the press of this country had very tion that the one sentiment in which Amerifreely expressed its opinion on the inevita- cans were united was that of loyalty to Queen ESTRANGEMENT BETWEEN U. S. AND GREAT BRITAIN. 329 Victoria. This, however, it was not now ous (though, as I believe, quite unnecessary) convenient to remember. It was resolved apprehension of the growing might of the that the Union should be broken up ; it was gigantic Federation ; and, lastly, it is (I fear necessary for this end that the South should to no inconsiderable extent) to be found in be encouraged and the North brought into real liking for the social system of the South, odium; and accordingly the papers which or, if this be too strong a statement, at least were selected and placed before the English in preference for it as an alternative to that people as the true exponents of Northern of the Northern States ; for I am by no views were the New York Herald and the means of the opinion of the writer in the Journal of Commerce. Worse than this- Mercury, that the sympathy manifested in putting out of sight the fact that the previous this country for the South is free from all Governments of the United States were com- taint of pro-slavery feeling. If the writer posed for a long series of years of Southern thinks so, let him look to the speeches and men, those who favor the slave party in this publications of Mr. Beresford Hope, to the country have endeavored (and they have articles in the Times (and if he wishes for succeeded in their endeavor) to make capital an example, I would refer him to the leader for the South out of the very repugnance of Friday last denouncing a policy of emanand soreness which its own prolonged inso- cipation), or, still better, to the work of Mr. lence towards this country had excited, turn- Spence, a work which has gone through four ing against the North that feeling on wbich editions, and has been received with extraorit had naturally counted as a bond of amity. dinary approbation. He will find that Mr.

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For these reasons I think the comments Spence, wbile, in deference to the convenof the Mercury essentially unfair, but I also tionalities of English society, he pronounces think them superficial ; for does the writer slavery to be wrong, is yet in perfect accord really think that the feeling which prevails with the most advanced slaveholders as to in this country on the American contest is the grounds on which slavery is maintained. sufficiently accounted for by exasperation Mr. Spence, for example, holds that white produced by the sarcasms of the New York labor is unsuited to Southern climes, that Herald and a few more papers ? Had I no negroes will not work without compulsion, knowledge whatever of the facts, my opinion and that as a race they are so essentially inof English sense and temper would prevent ferior to the whites as to be incapable of me for a moment from giving credit to such taking an equal part with them in the busia notion. If the writer in the Mercury would ness of civil life. only read carefully a few of the diatribes in These are the premises of slaveholders all the the Times, the Morning Post, the Saturday world over, and if Mr. Spence does not draw Review, and, above all

, those of the Tory from them the slaveholders' conclusion, it is press, I can hardly doubt that he will dis- simply because he lives in Liverpool and not cover a far deeper chord of sympathy with in Charleston. These are the views of Mr. Southern aims than that which a common Spence, and these views have been accepted, hatred could furnish. Mere exasperation at assimilated, and enforced by the leading orlow ribaldry never produced such unflagging gans of public opinion in England, with a energy of captious and trenchant criticism, few noble exceptions. With these facts besuch a sustained torrent of fierce, unsparing fore me, I am quite unable to concur in the denunciation, as those papers have now for Mercury's absolute acquittal of the English more than a twelvemonth poured forth. people of any complicity with pro-slavery

No, the real cause lies deeper than this. feeling. The mass of the people are, I beIt is to be found in the distaste for American lieve, still free from it, but the leaders are institutions which has always inspired an in- not, and it is the leaders which determine fluential portion of English society, but which our policy. Mr. Bright's unmerited abuse of the Eng- Great as is the length to which my lettor lish aristocracy, and equally unmerited has run, I must say a few words more. eulogy of the model republic, had, just be- " The great principle that slavery is per se fore the American civil war broke out, an evil,” says the Mercury, “is with the brought to the point of positive disgust and North, subordinate to the political compact hatred. It is to be found, again, in the seri- of the Union;" he infers this, and very just

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a

ly, from the conduct of Mr. Lincoln ; and nance a slave confederacy till a nation can concludes that “the last claim which the be formed which is prepared to put down North could fairly urge on the sympathies slavery on principles of pure philanthropy? of England—its firm resolve to do justice to If so, and if this is what abolitionism the colored men and favor emancipation—it means, the Confederacy may look forward has officially removed." Yet the writer com- to a long tenure of power. The truth is, menced his article by saying that “the elec- the world has not yet reached that point at tion of Mr. Lincoln gave genuine satisfac- which devotion to a high principle is to be tion to this country,” because we regarded expected from great masses of men. Engthe event as an indication that a limit was lishmen once, no doubt, paid twenty milto be placed on the further extension of lions down to be rid of slavery ; that they slavery. Now, if this was a just ground of would incur a like sacrifice now for the same satisfaction (as the writer seems to hold) I object is what I desire to believe; but there think Mr. Lincoln and the North may fairly is a wide difference between twenty millions ask him what has since occurred in the con- sterling, and a war a l'outrance against the duct of the Federal Government to diminish slave power. To this result the North has the satisfaction which was then felt? Is it been led by industrial, social, and political the abolition of slavery in Columbia, or the causes, and why should we not wish it sucmeasure for its exclusion from the territories, cess? Grant that it is not inspired by phior the slave trade treaty with Great Britain ? lanthropic motives,-it is doing the work of Has anything occurred to show that the philanthropy: it is fighting the battle of civRepublican party are prepared to sanction ilization. At all events, even though it the extension of slavery, and, if not, why should have no higher end in view than the should England withdraw her sympathies restoration of the national integrity, will from the party to which, on the ground as- it be said that this is not a better ground for signed, she gave them ? But we are told our sympathy than the attempt to establish Mr. Lincoln will not declare that" slavery is an empire on the corner-stone of slavery ? per se an evil,” and proceed at once to legis- I agree with the writer that “ England as late on this basis. But the Republican well as America is on her trial," and, as one party never made this declaration, never proud of his connection with England — proposed to interfere with slavery in the ex- proud of her history, proud of her literature, isting Slave States. They proposed merely proud of her generous and ennobling tradito limit slavery—to put down slavery so far tions, proud above all of that purest ray of as that could be done consistently with her glory-that she has been known as the maintaining the existing Constitution ; that champion of the slave and the terror of the was their position from the start; and if oppressor to the farthest ends of the earth, I that was a sufficient reason for giving them deplore in my deepest heart the course which our moral support at the presidential elec- she is now following--a course which I cantion, surely, the reasons for this are not not but think must degrade her from the diminished when a firm adherence to their high and conspicuous place among the benprinciple has drawn upon them the terrible efactors of the human race which she has calamity of civil war. In short, it comes to hitherto maintained. this: is the Mercury prepared to counte

J. E. CAIRNES.

Ever yours,

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Illinois Cotton. The experimental cotton acre, so far as is known, exceeds that of the crop of Illinois is gathering. It is estimated cotton-growing districts further south. The unthat the State will produce twenty thousand certainty of procuring seed in the early part of bales for export this season. The variety the season prevented many from planting; but grown is the upland, principally from seed pro- the result of this year's experiment is highly cured in Tennessce. The quality (says a corre- encouraging. Illinois could grow five hundred spondent) is excellent, and the quantity per I thousand bales profitably,

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