ings went, about two years, I got to my in the habit of doing on such occasions, I lodgings, and instinctively sought for the dropped my feet to feel for sand or rock, and salad oil flask. As always happens under at the same moment touched something soft, such circumstances, it was empty, and I had and experienced the well-known tingling sento wait while another could be purchased. sation in the toes. Off I set to shore, and A copious friction with the oil had a sensi- this time escaped with a tolerably sharp netble effect in alleviating the suffering, though tling about one foot and ankle that rendered when I happened to catch a glance of my boots a torture, but had little further effect. own face in the mirror I hardly knew it- Even this slight attack, however, brought all white, wrinkled, and shrivelled, with cold back the spasmodic affection of the heart; perspiration standing in large drops over the and although nearly fourteen months have surface.

elapsed since the last time that Medusa shook How much brandy was administered to me her venomed locks at me, the shooting pang I almost fear to mention, excepting to say now and then reminds me of my entanglethat within half an hour I drank as much ment with her direful tresses. alcohol as would have intoxicated me over For the comfort of intending sea-bathers, and over again, and yet was no more affected it may be remarked that although the effects by it than if it had been so much fair water. of the Cyanea's trailing filaments were so Several days elapsed before I could walk terrible in the present instance, they might with any degree of comfort, and for more be greatly mitigated in those individuals who than three months afterwards the shooting are blessed with a stouter epidermis, and less pang would occasionally dart through the sensitive organization than have fallen to the chest.

lot of the afflicted narrator. How different, Yet, as before mentioned, the result might for example, are the effects of a wasp or beé have been more disastrous than was the case. sting on different individuals, being borne Severe as were the effects of the poisoned with comparative impunity by one, while anfilaments, their range was extremely limited, other is laid up for days by a precisely simiextending just above the knee of one leg, lar injury. And it may perchance happen the greater part of the right arm, and a few that whereas the contact of the Cyanca's traillines on the face, where the water had been ing filaments may affect one person with alsplashed by the curling waves. If the in- most unendurable pangs, another may be juries had extended to the chest, or over the entangled within their folds with comparaepigastrium, where so large a mass of ner- tive impunity. vous matter is collected, I doubt whether I As, however, the comparative degree is in should have been able to reach the shore, or, this case to be avoided with the utmost care, being there, whether I should have been able I repeat the advice given in the earlier porto ascend the cutting, through the cliffs be- tion of this narrative, and earnestly counsel fore the flowing tide had dashed its waves the reader to look out carefully for the against the white rocks.

stinger, and, above all things, never to swim It may be easily'imagined that so severe across its track, no matter how distant the a lesson was not lost upon me, and that ever animal may be, for the creature can cast forth afterwards I looked out very carefully for the its envenomed filaments to an almost intertawny mass of fibre and membrane that once minable length, and even when separated had worked me such woe.

from the parent body, each filament, or each On one occasion, after just such a gale as fragment thereof, will sting just as fiercely had brought the unwelcome visitant to our as if still attached to the creature whence it shores, I was in a rowing boat with several issued. It will be seen, therefore, that the companions, and came across two more spec- safest plan will always be to keep well in imens of Cyanea capillata, quietly floating front of any tawny mass that may be seen along as if they were the most harmless be- floating on the waves, and to allow at least ings that the ocean ever produced. My a hundred yards before venturing to cross its dearly bought experience was then servicea- course. Perhaps this advice may be thought ble to at least one of my companions, who overstrained by the inexperienced. was going to pick up the Medusa as it drifted

“Those jest at scars who never felt a wound;" past us, and was only deterred by a threat of having his wrist damaged by a blow of but he who has purchased a painful knowlthe stroke oar.

edge at the cost of many wounds, will deem Despite, however, of all precautions, I his courage in nowise diminished if he does again fell a victim to the Cyanea in the very his best to keep out of the way of a foe who next season. After taking my usual half- cares nothing for assaults, who may be cut mile swim I turned towards shore, and in due into a thousand pieces without losing one jot course of time arrived within a reasonable of his offensive powers, and who never can distance of soundings. As all swimmers are l be met on equal terms. J. G. Wood.



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From The Spectator. parison with the setting in which they are MORE WELLINGTON DESPATCHES.* embedded, Wellington's hitherto unpub

This bulky volume, the ninth of the series lished papers will be found to possess very of Supplementary Despatches, contains six great interest, while the writings of his colhundred and thirty-eight pages. The de- leagues and the context of events show how spatches and documents signed “Welling- rapidly he, without special direct effort, was ton” number one hundred and four, some

increasing his influence as a statesman, and few of which appeared in the second edi- gradually and solidly acquiring that position tion; and the rest of the volume is made up he held until he died. Nor was his influ

as foremost man of a political party which of letters and documents from a great variety of persons; 80 that Wellington's own

ence confined to his own country. He was writings, as in previous volumes, appear at a great power upon the continent. No Engintervals in the solitary grandeur of larger

lishman since the days of Marlborough had type, about as thickly as captains of com

achieved such a position abroad, and no panies in a line of infantry. To the public

, Englishman whatever was so much esteemed, therefore, these pages are what a very

trusted, and respected. For he had what juvenile critic termed “ uneasy reading;

Marlborough had not-an unimpeachable but the student of military and still more of character, and although differing from him political history will not complain, and it is in so many respects, Wellington in this refor their behoof that this extended edition is

sembled George Washington more than any published. The time covered by these docu- other man who has attained the front rank ments is exactly a year from April, 1814, to

during the last century and a half. March, 1815. The first set of papers spring culed the victor of Talavera, although in

Although in 1810 the prince regent ridifrom the consequences of the capture of

1813 Lord Melville was allowed to write to Paris and the defeat of Soult at Toulouse ; the last to the measures adopted in conse

him impertinent despatches, although the quence of Napoleon's final throw for empire. poor old king alone in a lucid interval was We begin with the temporary destruction of willing to give him the amplest powers for

the conduct of the war in the Peninsula bis power; we break off on the threshold of

a ; its temporary revival. The interval is filled yet in 1814 the regent was glad to shelter up with the dispersion of Wellington's splen- his unpopular person under the shadow of

the victorious general, and the ministry did little army to the four winds of heaven, with the first occupation of Paris, with the trembled lest anything should happen to a

man who had made their military fortune, complicated negotiations at Paris, and subsequently at Vienna, with the great quarrels

and whose political views were so moderate, for the spoils of victory, the schemes of 1814 disaffection in Paris and the fear of it

sagacious, and practical. In the autumn of Prussia on Saxony, and of Alexander upon

were visible to all men except the Bourbons. with the painful disputes arising out of the In October, General Macaulay was of opin

ion that an outbreak would occur within a American war, and its termination at the

few weeks. Wellington, who thought that peace of Ghent, too late to save Pakenham

it from his repulse at New Orleans; and with

might occur any night,” deprecated

alarm. But General Macaulay coming to an infinite variety of lesser subjects which disturbed the serenity of the first year of England so frightened the ministry by the peace since the establishment of the first picture he drew of “the combustible state

" empire. The despatches of Liverpool, Cas- of Paris,” and the

duke's liability to sudden tlereagh, Goulburn, Bathurst, and men of arrest, that Lord Liverpool was most soliciinferior position, are thickly sown through- lest the revolution should succeed, and the

tous for the instant departure of the duke, out these pages ; and hardly a single paper duke should be detained in spite of his charcan fail to be of interest to some one desirous of studying the details of special or gen- to Vienna on some pretext of aiding Castle

acter as ambassador. Would the duke go eral questions. Although 'so few, in com

reagh; would he return to England to give * Supplementary Despatches of Field Marshal evidence on Sir John Murray's court-marthe Duke of Wellington. Edited by his Son. Vol. 9. John Llorray.

tial; would he even, for the sake of appear

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ances, agree to go to America as com- / with effect upon the vital questions agitating mander-in-chief anything to get him the councils of kings and emperors, and rapidly and safely out of Paris ? Welling-threatening a new war. Nothing can be ton, as usual, was willing to obey orders. more reasonable or moderate than his view Mischief might occur on any night, and he of the American negotiations, on the settlewould not be allowed to depart. “I have ment of the Netherlands, and the more danheard so frequently, and I am inclined to gerous question of the future of Poland and believe it. But I confess I don't like to de- Saxony. On all these points, too complipart from Paris, and I wish the government cated for criticism and too extensive for exwould leave the time and mode at my own position here, the student will find ample discretion.” While he was of opinion that material for reflection in this volume. Let he “must not be lost,” he pointed out that us turn from the graver topics and select a he was bound to withdraw with dignity and few personal sketches of remarkable men. without haste. “I think,” he wrote to Lord There are some curious letters from ColoCastlereagh, "government are rather in a nel Campbell, who was a sort of British agent hurry, and though I feel no particular wish at Elba. Of course they are taken up mainly to remain here, I don't like to be frightened with pictures of Napoleon and reports of his away.” The ministry were not calmed. conversations. In one of these Colonel “ We shall not feel easy till we hear of your Campbell describes Napoleon as ridiculing haring landed at Dover," wrote Lord Liver- the alarm which General Stahremberg, then pool in November; and while they left him commanding in Tuscany, felt or affected to to retire at discretion, they earnestly en- feel at the presence of some Corsican officers treated him not to delay. A rumor of this in Elba. It was the policy of Napoleon to delicate negotiation got into the papers, and soothe the English and represent himself as the duke was a little angry. “No man is dead to the world. “He was very happy judge of his own case; but I confess I don't that I remained here," writes Colonel Campsec the necessity of being in a hurry to re- bell

, “ Pour rompre la chimère. Je ne pense nove me from this place," he wrote on the pas de rien dehors de ma petite île. Je 16th, and on the 18th of November he put pouvais avoir soutenu la guerre pendant it more strongly, “ I declare it appears to vingt années si j'ai voula cela. Je n'existe me that we are proceeding on this occasion plus pour le monde. Je suis un homme with a precipitation that circumstances do mort. Je ne m'occupe que de ma famille, not at all justify, and that we shall get into et ma retraite, ma maison, mes vaches et disgrace and difficulties which a little pa- mes poulets." Charming picture had it been tience would enable us to avoid. I must true! But Napoleon really dreamed of say I feel my own character a little con- nothing but the restoration of his empire. cerned in this transaction." “ However," Still more interest attaches to the following he added, "there is no doubt that I ought extract, which gives us a glimpse of a child to be withdrawn, and I'll go, as soon as I who has grown to be one of the eminent men think I can with credit to the government of the second empire. and myself.”. Of course his colleague could

“ About three weeks ago," writes Colonel not resist language like this from their gen- Campbell, on the 17th of September, " eral, and he had his own way, staying in lady with a male child, five or six years of Paris until a real necessity carried him to age, arrived here from Leghorn; was reVienna. This incident illustrates both the ceived by Napoleon with great attention, a character of the duke and the extent of his great degree of concealment, and accompainfluence. He had become a necessity, and pied him immediately to a very retired house

in the most remote part of the island, where, he knew it.

after remaining two days, she re-embarked, The position of the duke gave immense and, it is said, has gone to Naples. It is weight to his opinions. He was always universally believed in the island that it is. ready to obey orders ; but he was always Marie Louise and her child, and it is very ready to state what he thought should be generally credited on the opposite coast'; said or done in any given case where he had but my information leads me to believe that full cognizance of the facts. And he wrote | child to Napoleon a few vears ago.”

it is a Polish lady from Warsaw, who bore a

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If so, the lady must have been no other credible, even if he had made no declaration than the Countess Walewski, and the child on the subject. On arguing, I think, with none other than Count Walewski, whose Lord Stewart, who hinted the dangers from physiognomy bewrays his origin. All the a separate kingdom, he said, " he ought to real Bonapartes have some stamp of their allow the Poles to be ever out of his control.'

know him too well to suppose that he should race except Napoleon III.

No; his aim is not to give constitutions, but Lord Liverpool had a very smart corre- to gain power and territory; and if any perspondent at Vienna, Mr. Cooke, and his let- sons give him credit for å sincere good deters are full of piquant gossip, trenchant sign, they do him ample injustice. When sketches of character, some scandal, and Prince Hardenberg yields to him from defvery decided political views. They are ani- erence to his master, he states the emperor

to be the most perfidious, treacherous, usurpmated, frank, and most entertaining reading. Here is a very decided sketch of Hum- than Bonaparte.”

ing character, and infinitely more dangerous boldt as a politician.

Lord Liverpool figures in these volumes The person most efficient against us is

as an anxious, sensible, but somewhat timid Humboldt. He has talents and industry and Here are confessions confided in the perseverance, knows society, and is without principles; and knowing his master's feel- Christmas of 1814 by Lord Liverpool to the ings for the Emperor of Russia plays that bosom of the Duke of Wellington. game to second his own personal views. The King (of Prussia] is not fond of him, but “ The more I hear and see of the different every man likes the person who falls in with courts of Europe, the more I am convinced his inclinations. His constant policy is to that the King of France is (amongst the keep the management of things in a small Great Powers) the only sovereign in whom committee of four, trying to govern Hardcn- we can have any real confidence. [Imagine berg, and caballing with Nesselrode and that !] The Emperor of Russia is profligate Metternich, studiously combating every idea from vanity and self-sufficiency, if not from of an assembly of Congress or a public ap- principle. The King of Prussia may be a peal. His early conduct inspired me with well-meaning man, but he is the dupe of the distrust, and that distrust is becoming gen- Emperor of Russia. The Emperor of Auseral; and I hope means may be found to tria I believe to be an honest man, but he expose and defeat him, which are begin- has a minister in whom no one can trust; ning."

who considers all policy as consisting in

finesse and trick ; and who has got his GovMr. Cooke may have been unjust to Hum- ernment and himself into more difficulties boldt; but he was a man of 'sagacity and by his devices than could have occurred from saw through Alexander. Here is a striking

a plain course of dealing.” prophecy of what that monarch would do with Poland.

Here is a gallery of famous men sketched

by“ eminent hands.” It is a pity that some “I have no doubt the emperor will estab- one does not reveal what the ministers of lish something of a vice-regal Government England really thought of their own soverat Warsaw, possibly a Polish Treasury, pos- eign Gcorge, Prince Regent, so that our sibly a judicial appeal to the Warsaw tribu- gallery might not lack the authentic portrait nals; and he may raise a mere Polish army, of any one of the Great Powers. The reader with which he will garrison St. Petersburg and Moscow, whilst he garrisons Warsaw can go to this ninth volume of the Supplewith Russians. But that the emperor will mentary Despatches with the certainty that give the Poles a constitution which will put he will find not only entertainment, but the them out of his absolute control is itself in- rough materials of history in abundance.

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his own peculiar type of weakness or wickedAUTUMN soon lapsed into winter; Christ- ness to a whole race, disappearing in one mas came and went, bringing, not Ascott, generation, re-appearing in another, exactly as they hoped, and he had promised, but a the same as physical peculiarities do, revery serious evil in the shape of sundry bills quiring the utmost caution of education to of his, which, he confessed in a most piteous counteract the terrible tendencies of nature letter to his Aunt Hilary, were absolutely -the “something in the blood” which is so unpayable out of his godfather's allowance. difficult to eradicate; which may even make They were not large; or would not have the third and fourth generations execrate the seemed so to rich people; and they were for memory of him or her who was its origin. no more blamable luxuries than horse-hire, The long life-curse of Henry Leaf the and a dinner or two to friends out in the elder, and Henry Leaf the younger, had country-but they looked serious to a house- been—the women of the family well knewhold which rarely was more than five pounds that they were men "who couldn't say No." beforehand with the world.

So keenly were the three sisters alive to this He had begged Aunt Hilary to keep his fault-it could hardly be called a crime, and secret—but that was evidently impossible; yet in its consequences it was so—so sickenso on the day the school-accounts were be- ing the terror of it which their own wretched ing written out and sent in, and their experience had implanted in their minds, amount anxiously reckoned, she laid before that during Ascott's childhood and youth, her sisters the lad's letter, full of penitence his very fractiousness and roughness, his and promises :

little selfishness, and his persistence in his “ I will be careful—I will indeed—if you his aunts as a good omen that he would

own will against theirs, had been hailed by will help me this once, dear Aunt Hilary; and don't think too ill of me. I have done grow up

so unlike his


father." nothing wicked. And you don't know Lon- If the two unhappy Henry Leafs--father dou—you don't know, with a lot of young and son—could have come out of their fellows about one, how very hard it is to say graves that night, and beheld these three No."

women-daughters and sisters-sitting with At that unlucky postscript the Misses Ascott's letter on the table, planning how Leaf sorrowfully exchanged looks. Little the household's small expenses could be conthe lad thought about it—but these few tracted, its smaller luxuries relinquished, in words were the very sharpest pang Ascott order that the boy might honorably pay for had ever giren to his aunts.

pleasures he might so easily have done with“What's bred in the bone will come out out! If they could have seen the weight of in the flesh.” “Like father like son.” The apprehension which then sank like a stone sins of the parents shall be visited on the on these long-tried hearts, never to be afterchildren.” So runs many a proverb; so wards quite removed, lightened sometimes, confirms the unerring decree of a just God, but always however Ascott might promise who would not be a just God did he allow and amend always there! On such a dishimself to break his own righteous laws for covery, surely, these two “poor ghosts" the government of the universe ; did he would have fled away moaning, wishing they falsify the requirements of his own holy and had died childless, or that during their morpure being, by permitting any other wages tal lives any amount of self-restraint and for sin than death. And though, through self-compulsion had purged from their nahis mercy, sin forsaken escapes sin's penalty, tures the accursed thing—the sin which had and every human being has it in his power worked itself out in sorrow upon every one to modify, if not to conquer, any hereditary belonging to them, years after their own moral as well as physical disease, thereby heads were laid in the quiet dust. avoiding the doom and alleviating the curse, • We must do it," was the conclusion the -still the original law remains in force, and Misses Leaf unanimously came to--even ought to remain, an example and a warning. Selina ; who, with all her faults, had a fair As true as that every individual sin which a share of good feeling and of that close clingman commits breeds multitudes more, is it ing to kindred which is found in fallen that every individual sinner may transmit households, or households whom the sacred

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