« ElőzőTovább »
when we fairly get it under our command. sis of Lady Macbeth's character as a juggler It would, probably, not be wise to attend too brings up a sword out of his stomach, the much to religious changes. Missionaries game is, perhaps, hardly worth the candle. obey what they think is the divine command It may be that more is done, and there are to teach all nations, whether the nations re- men now engaged in education in India who ceive their teaching or not. We cannot say will get it done, if it is to be done; but we that missions fail because they do not make should very much like to hear that any comconverts, for they relieve the conscience of petent judge believes in its feasibility. Christendom. Yet, so far as Christianizing
The direct teaching which the West can the Orientals is success, our missions have give the East appears to be very limited. not been successful. When converts have there is a great gulf fixed. But, indirectly,
Between their thoughts and our thoughts been made, they have generally been per- we are teaching the natives of India every sons of humble rank, or doubtful sincerity, day exactly what they most needed to be or of a meek, docile spirit. In any case they taught. We are governing them, and a have taken unresistingly the stamp which good, strong, just government is teaching the missionaries have set upon them. They them what is the meaning of law, of justice, have no religious thought apart from that of
and of political integrity. We have, in actheir teachers. It would be as useless to in- quiring our rule done many things that a
very unsqueamish morality may be shocked quire what a native Indian Christian thinks at. But it is probable, or we at least hope and believes as to inquire what is the creed it is probable, that this sort of wholesale of a nigger who jumps and sings at a revi- original immorality did not do much harm val. But we have tried to test our power in the East. From time immemorial the over the Hindoo mind, not only in religious
Orientals have been accustomed to governments founded on wrong.
The vice of its matters, but in secular. We have subjected origin need not much affect the character of them to the experiment of a high English the rule. What it is, and not how it came education. Here we have been to some ex- there, is the important question. tent successful. We have managed to make Government in India has in daily life many them know very great books in the way in admirable qualities. It brings before the which boys know a book in which they are lying, fraudulent, corrupt population of the to be examined. It is wonderful what
East the spectacle of men whose word can
young natives can be got to learn if they are en- the law equally, who adhere, even to their
generally be depended on, who administer couraged to do it by prizes, or the hope of own loss, to bargains they have once made, distinction, or the exhortations of an able and who cannot be bribed. The teaching European. An Indian lad of sixteen thinks we have it in our power to give in this way, nothing of reading Shakspeare, of being able and which practically we may be said to give, to explain it as English schoolboys explain if allowance is made for human imperfection, a Greek play, and of writing ingenious ex
throws into the shade all missionary efforts ercises and criticisms on the characters of ble they may be in their sphere. The na
and Shakspearian education, however laudathe drama.“ Analyze the character of Lady tives are learning a lesson for which they Macbeth” is thought rather an easy ques- have already the sense to be, in some small tion in an examination at Bombay, and the degree, thankful. And that they are learnnatives do analyze her character, and ana- ing it, and that it is of the very highest lyze it very well after the schoolboy fashion. value to them, might be dwelt on very profThey deplore her ambition, they show up itably in England. We are, from the cir
, her cruelty, they admire the effrontery with cumstances of our time, disproportionally which she subjugates her husband. But, so We see the use of catechisms and grammars,
. far as we know, at present they are, after but we are blind to the incomparable value all, only like animals that have learnt a new of good government. Perhaps, we at home and wonderful trick. A canary that has should have something to learn about ourbeen taught to fire a cannon is a curious sort selves as well as the Hindoos, if we were inof bird, but still it is a bird. We are not
duced by a writer of real power and thought aware that hitherto we have done more than to ponder over the spectacle of a people teach our Indian canaries to fire off' Shak- within the elevating influences of good gov
whom we are daily, and visibly bringing spearian cannon. It is funny to see them ernment, but on whom our direct teaching do it; but, if they only bring up their analy-produces apparently little effect.
GEN. JOSEPH K. F. MANSFIELD. he was again at his post, and was again disANOTHER hero of the Mexican War has tinguished, being breveted colonel for gallant been added to the list of those who have and meritorious conduct in the battle of fallen while bravely combating the men who Buena Vista, 23d February, 1847. were once their friends and comrades in In 1851 Colonel Mansfield was still capmany a dearly bought victory, and through tain in the Corps of Engineers, his name years of hard and active service in the un- being third on the list. At that time the settled territories of the West, but who, following distinguished officers were his asproving traitors to their country, have for-sociates in the engineers : Generals H. W. feited all claims to friendship and consider- Halleck, G. B. McClellan, Horatio E. ation of their former brethren in arms. Fol- Wright, G. W. Cullum, W. S. Rosecrans, lowing close upon the announcement of the John Newton, G. Foster, H. W. Benham, gallant General Reno's death, we have the J. G. Barnard, Charles E. Blunt, Quincy A. intelligence that Brigadier-General Mans. Gilmore, and Quartermaster-General Meigs. field was killed in the sanguinary engage- The Rebel Generals Robt. E. Lee, Peter G. ments which have culminated in the greatest T. Beauregard, and Charles S. Stewart were victory of the present war.
also officers in this corps at the same time. Joseph K. Fenno Mansfield was born in On the resignation of Inspector-General Connecticut, and entered the West Point George A. McCall, now brigadier-general of Military Academy, from that State, in Oc- volunteers, May 28, 1853, Colonel Mansfield tober, 1817. In 1822 he graduated with was selected to fill the important post of inhigh honors, being second in his class. Of spector-general, with the full rank of colohis class-mates only two remain in the ser-nel, and thereupon resigned his rank as capvice at the present time; viz., George Wright, tain of engineers. He continued to perform colonel of the ninth regular infantry and the duties of inspector-general of the United brigadier-general of volunteers, and David States army, his associate and senior officer H. Vinton, lieutenant-colonel and deputy being General Sylvester Churchill, now on quartermaster-general in this city.
the retired list, until May 14, 1861, at which In accordance with the regulations gov- date he was re-nominated by the President erning the appointment of cadets to the Corps for one of the new brigadier-generalships in of Engineers, none but first-class men hav- the regular army, then just created by Coning the entree to that distinguished corps, gress. Cadet Mansfield was appointed brevet sec- During the present war, General Mansond lieutenant of engineers, July 1, 1832. field has been chiefly with the army of the He continued a second lieutenant for nearly Potomac, and though upward of sixty years ten years, his commission as first lieutenant of age, has borne the fatigue and exposure bearing date March, 1832.
incident to active service as well as, and In July, 1838, he was made captain, and even better, than many men of half his age. on the outbreak of the war with Mexico he General Mansfield was a man of fine apwas intrusted with the important and re- pearance, with a long snow-white beard. sponsible post of chief engineer of the army As a soldier he was brave and fearless, and commanded by Major-General Taylor, dur- a strict disciplinarian.-Tribune. ing the years 1846 and 1847. In the defence of Fort Brown, which was attacked on the 3d of May, and heroically defended un- DEATH OF LIEUTENANT-COLONEL til the 9th of May, 1846, Captain Mansfield
DWIGHT. was particularly distinguished, and received We deeply regret that we have to record the brevet of major for his gallant services. the death of Lieutenant-Colonel Wilder
In the three days' conflict at Monterey, 21st, Dwight, of the Second Massachusetts Regi22d, and 230 September, 1846, Major Mans- ment. He was the son of Mr. William field again distinguished himself, and was Dwight, and was born in Springfield, April breveted lieutenant-colonel for gallant and 23d, 1833. He was prepared for college at meritorious conduct. At the storming of Phillips Exeter Academy and graduated at Monterey he was severely wounded, but in Cambridge in the class of 1853, with an five months after--viz., in February, 1847— honorable rank. He studied law in the
office of Hon. E. R. Hoar, was admitted to admire his accomplishments, and to exthe bar, and in the spring of 1861 had estab- pect from his sound sense and his rare aptilished his position as a young lawyer of tude for the sudden changes of the trial and great promise.
the argument, the attainment of the highest
honors of the profession. His thoughts turned to the military ser
“ Resolved, That we remember with pride vice, however, with the first outbreak of war, that he was the first citizen of the republic and in the dark days which followed the at- to tender to the President a regiment for tack upon Fort Sumter he made his way to the war, and the first member of the Bar to Washington, and there was chiefly instru- devote himself to the support of the Constimental in obtaining permission to raise a tution and the flag; and that amid the perregiment for the war—the first which was
ils of the battle and the hardships of the
camp, he won the name of a true soldier, granted, we believe. This regiment, re- trusted by his superiors, beloved and recruited under Colonel (now General) Gor- spected by his men. don, was the Second Massachusetts, and “ Resolved, That we commend to the young Dwight was made its major, and upon Gor- men of Massachusetts the life and death of don's promotion, its lieutenant-colonel. Wilder Dwight as a noble example. His Dwight's gallantry in covering the retreat of short life was long enough to afford us a last May in the Shenandoah Valley will not pattern of virtue, of courage, of high resolve,
and of lofty achievement. It is fortunate soon be forgotten ; nor, we believe, will his for his country that he has lived. He has men easily forget his constant care for their not died too soon to leave a memory precious welfare and his steady example of gallantry to his companions, and worthy to be perpetand good conduct. He was taken prisoner uated. during this retreat, but was exchanged and
“ Resolved, That these resolutions be preentered the field again, to receive in the sented to the Supreme Judicial Court, with battle near Sharpsburg on Wednesday the
a request that they may be entered upon
its wounds of which he died in the hospital at mitted to the family of our brother as an
records; and that a copy of them be transBoonsboro' on Friday. The writer of this expression of our profound sympathy.” had known him from the day when he en
Judge Abbott, Messrs. Josiah Quincy, Jr., tered the Academy at Exeter, and can bear witness to the integrity, the mental vigor, Jr., C. M. Ellis and others, spoke to these
R. H. Dana, Jr., F. E. Parker, Horace Gray, the strict honor and sterling worth in every resolutions with much feeling, and several relation, which made his career, both in civil life and as a soldier, one of so much hope.- brother officers of Colonel Dwight, speaking
extracts were read from letters received from Daily Advertiser.
in high terms of his gallantry and devotion
to duty. The resolutions were adopted, with A meeting of the members of Suffolk Bar a request to the Attorney General to present was held yesterday morning to testify their them to the Supreme Judicial Court, and respect for the memory of their late associate, after the announcement that the funeral of Lieutenant-Colonel Wilder Dwight. It was Colonel Dwight would take place at noon a large meeting and attended by the lead-to-day, at Rev. Dr. Stone's church in Brooking members of the profession in this city. line, the meeting was dissolved.-Daily AdMr. Sidney Bartlett was appointed chairman (vertiser, 25 Sept. and Mr. C. F. Blake, Secretary. Judge Ab- On arriving at the tomb, Rev. Mr. Quint, bott, Mr. Horace Gray, Jr., and Mr. F. E. Chaplain of the Second Regiment, who was Parker were appointed a committee to draw requested by Col. Dwight to officiate at his up resolutions and reported the following :- funeral, addressed the assembly, substan
“Resolved, That while we bow with sub- tially as follows :mission to the Divine Will, which has taken “ Out of the din of battle, out of the smoke-, from us our friend and associate, Wilder shroud of death, out of the cheers of victory, Dwight, we render thanks for the example I bring the tears of the Second Regiment of of his manly life, and the consolation of his Massachusetts braves, for one of the noblest, heroic death.
the bravest heroes of them all. Resolved, That in the brief period dur- “Yon throng of neighbors is the tribute ing which our brother practised at this bar, to him as a generous, honorable, beloved we had learned to respect his judgment, to man.
MEETING OF THE BAR.
“The words of his revered professional of hardships, though reared in luxury; his associates have borne tribute to his ready in- labor in helping make the regiment the brave sight, his strong reason, and his cultivated and veteran corps it is, and his skill, courage, mind. “ But, five hundred miles away, near the
and daring, were variously illustrated. His battle-ground stained with their and his kindness to all, his care of the helpless, his blood, where, before I left in charge of this sending water to wounded men near him on sacred trust, the dead. faces lay upturned to the field, his care of the wounded at Winthe sky, the wounded lay helpless, the dying chester after Banks' retreat, while a prisoner, lay gasping--do they weep who in the rough- were also spoken of. est shock of battle were like iron. From them have I come these many miles ; to them shall faith with which he met death, his bravery
The chaplain also alluded to the bright I instantly return, when the work they have
and cheerfulness, and the Christian peace given me to do is ended.” He then proceeded to speak of the honor the fatal wound—the speaker being with him
which he enjoyed the two days he lived after in which he was held, and the love with which during his last hours, and when he died. the men regarded him. His ready endurance
DANIEL WEBSTER IN H18 Corfin.-We find | ervation, though deprived of its primitive the following account of the private funeral of gloss. Col. Fletcher Webster, and of the inspection of
“In silence the lid was dropped and the box rehis illustrious father's remains, in this week's closed. Farewell
, thou great departed ! Earth's
communion with thee is o'er. No more shall issue of The Plymouth Rock :
human eye behold that face over which thought “The tomb at Marshfield once again opens and feeling once flashed the light and shade of wide its portals to receive the last of the sons of that “imperial mind.' _Rest, noble statesman, the Great Expounder.'
with thy patriot sons. Thy memory still lives “ The funeral of Col. Fletcher Webster took enshrined in a nation's admiration and gratiplace at his residence in Marshfield on Wednes- tude." day, Sept. 10. The body was brought down from Boston in a richly caparisoned hearse with four horses, by way of Hingham and South POPE's GENEROSITY. — Pope's conduct Shore. Several coaches conveyed his Boston toward Gay should always be remembered to friends from the Kingston Depot, while a large his honor.
“ I remember a letter," says Aaron assemblage gathered from the neighboring towns. Hill, “wherein he invited him to partake of his Rev. Mr. Alden, the village pastor, conducted fortune,--at that time but a small one,—assurthe services; the body resting on his father's ing him with a very unpoetical warmth, that as writing table in the library, according to his dy- long as himself had a shilling, Gay should be ing request. A large procession followed his welcome to ixp of it; nay, to eightpence, body to the tomb, where the coffin was deposited if he could contrive to live on a groat.”-Hill's with the family whom a nation mourns.
Works, vol. 1, p. 376. “By request of Peter Harvey, Esq., and others, the oaken box containing the great states- “ THE Stone of Faith is an octagonal stone man's coffin was opened, and the metallic cover perforated, of a size fitted to the reception of the of the glass removed. How were the feelings of hands and cubits of those who were sworn at those personal friends stirred within them to the altar on covenants of all sorts, among the find those lineaments and features, which no ancient Gaels and Scots, a custom coeval with man ever looked upon to forget, retaining the the Druidical rites." Lord Buchan. same color and impress—natural as when ten found one with the date of 1000 in the reign of years ago they gave him up to the grave. “The eyes were moro sunken, but the heavy
King Grüm.”-Nichols' Illust., p. 506-7. shadows beneath the brows were always there in life. Even in death, and for a decade the cap- Earl Godwin's MOTHER.-It is reported tive of the grave, that kingly presence inspired that she was in the habit of purchasing compathe same deep reverence and speechless awe as nies of slaves in England, and sending them when in the living temple of his matchless mind. into Denmark, more especially girls, whose Said one who looked upon his face again, 'I for- beauty and youth rendered them more valuagot all else, and cannot tell you anything of the ble, that she might accumulate money by this tomb or surrounding objects. The velvet pall horrid traffic.- Wm. of Malmesbury, Sharpe's with its rich embroidery, was in perfect pres.' Trans., p. 255.
POETRY.-France to Italy, 146. The Soldier's Grave, 146. Lord Palmerston's Motto, 146. Battle-Field, 166. In the Woods, 175. Storm at Night, 177.
SHORT ARTICLES.—Bandit and Red Boots, 150. Waterloo Anecdote, 153. New Pensions in England, 163. The Spas of Europe, 166. Druidical Temples, 166. The Romance Language, 166. British Baskets, 166. British Population and Letters, 172. Last of the Byrons, 175. Nunneries in England, 175. Alfred Celwulf, 177. Fine Dresses of Clergy and Nuns, 177. Rushes for Carpets ; Harold; William, etc., 180.
NEW BOOKS. THE CARISTIAN YEAR: Thoughts in Verse for the Sundays and Holidays throughout the Year. By the Rev. John Keble, Professor of Poetry in the University of Oxford. Edited by the Right Reverend George W. Doane, Bishop of New Jersey. New York: H. B. Darand.
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY BY LIT TELL, SON, & CO., BOSTON.
Por Six Dollars a year, in advance, remitted directly to the Publishers, the LIVING Age will be punctually forwarded free of postage.
Complete sets of the First Series, in thirty-six volumes, and of the Second Series, in twenty volumos, handsomely bound, packed in neat boxes, and delivered in all the priucipal cities, free of expense of freight, are for sale at two dollars & volume.
ANY VOLUME may be had separately, at two dollars, bound, or a dollar and a half in numbers. ANY NUMBER may be had for 13 cents; and it is well worth while for subscribers or purchasers to complete any broken volumes they may have, and thus greatly enhance their value.