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canons of said diocese. And the house of bishops may at any time increase or diminish the number of States or Territories, over which the said bishop or bishops shall exercise episcopal functions. And in case of the death or resignation of a missionary bishop, the charge of the vacant missionary episcopate shall devolve on the Senior Bishop of this church, with the power of appointing some other bishop as his substitute in the said charge.
SECT. 4. The house of clerical and lay deputies may, on nomi. nation by the house of bishops, in like manner, from time to time, elect, and the house of bishops consenting thereto, may, in like manner, take order for the consecration of a suitable person to be a bishop of this church, to exercise episcopal functions in any place or places out of the territory of the United States, which the house of bishops may designate.
SECT. 5. Any bishop or bishops elected and consecrated under this canon, shall be entitled to a seat in the house of bishops, and shall be eligible to the office of diocesan bishop in any or: ganized diocese within the United States.
SECT. 6. Every such bishop shall report to each General Convention his proceedings, and the state and condition of the church in said States and Territories, and place or places out of the territory of the United States, and at least once a year make a report to the Board of Missions.
Secr. 7. The second canon of 1835 is hereby repealed.
CANON III. Of the Performance of Episcopal Duties in
Vacant Dioceses. (Former Canonis on this subject were the first of 1795, the twentieth of 1808,
and the seventh of 1832 ] SECT. I. Any bishop, assistant bishop, or missionary bishop, may, on the invitation of the convention, or the standing com mittee of any Diocese where there is no bishop, visit and perform episcopal offices in that diocese, or in any part thereof. And this invitation may be temporary; and it may, at any time, be revoked.
SECT. 2. A diocese without a bishop may, by its convention, be placed under the full episcopal charge and authority of the bishop of another diocese, or of a missionary bishop, who shall, by that act, become the bishop also of the said vacant diocese, until a bishop is duly elected and consecrated for the same, or until the said act of its convention be revoked. And in case there shall be an assistant bishop of the diocese under the episcopal charge of whose bishop the diocese without a bishop shall be placed, the said assistant bishop shall have the like charge and authority therein as he has in the diocese of which he has been chosen assistant bishop.
Sect. 3. No diocese thus placed under the full charge and authority of the bishop of another diocese, or of a missionary bishop, shall invite a second bishop to perform any episcopal duty, or exercise authority, till its connection with the first bishop has expired, or is revoked.
Sect. 4. The seventh canon of 1832 is hereby repealed.
Canon IV. Of Candi dates for Orders.
(Repealed by the ninth Canon of 1841.)
CANON V. Of the Learning of those who are to be ordained. (Former Canons on this subject were the seventh of 1789, altered in 1792, the
fourth of 1795, the fourth of 1799, the second of 1801, the ninth of 1803, and the thirteenth of 1832.)
SECT. 1. No person shall be ordained in this church until he shall have satisfied the bishop and the presbyters by whom he shall be examined, that he is well acquainted with the Holy Scriptures, can read the Old Testament in the Hebrew language, and the New Testament in the original Greek, is adequately acquainted with the Latin tongue, and that he hath a competent knowledge of natural and moral philosophy, and church history, and hath paid attention to composition and pulpit eloquence, as means of giving additional efficacy to his lators; unless the bishop, with the consent of the standing committee of his diocese, has dispensed with the knowledge of the Latin and Greek languages, and other branches of learning not strictly ecclesiastical, in consideration of such other qualifications for the gospel ministry as are set forth in the fourth section of Canon VI. The dispensation with a knowledge of the Hebrew language to be regarded as in Canon VI.
Sect. 2. The thirteenth canon of 1832 is hereby repealed.
CANON VI. Candidates for Orders Ineligible to the General
No person who is a candidate for holy orders in this church, shall be permitted to accept from any diocesan convention an appointment as a lay deputy to the house of clerical and lay deputies of the General Convention.
CANON VII. Concerning Candidates for Orders in this
Church, who have been Ministers, Licentiates, or Students of Theology, among other Religious Denominations.
[Former Canons on this subject were the sixth of 1804, the seventcenth of 1808,
the fourth and fifth of 1820, the first of 1829, the twenty-first and twenty-fourth of 1832, and the third of 1835.)
Sect. 1. All persons seeking admission to the ministry of this church, are to be regarded as candidates for holy orders.
Sect. 2. When a person who, not having had Episcopal ordination, has been acknowledged as an ordained minister or licentiate among any other denomination of Christians, shall desire to be ordained in this church, he shall give notice thereof to the bishop, or if there be no bishop, to the standing committee of the diocese in which he resides; or if he resides in a state or Territory in which there is no organized diocese, to the missionary bishop within whose jurisdiction he resides; which notice shall be accompanied with a written certificate from at least two presbyters of this church, stating, that from personal knowledge of the party, or satisfactory evidence laid before them, they believe that his desire to leave the denomination to which he has belonged has not arisen from any circumstance unfavorable to his religious or moral character, or on account of which it may be inexpedient to admit him to the exercise of the ministry in this church : and they may also add what they know, or believe on good authority, of the circumstances leading to the said desire.
SECT. 3. If the bishop or standing committee shall think proper to proceed, the party applying to be received as a candidate shall produce to the standing committee the same testimonials of literary qualifications as are required of all other candidates; and also a testimonial from at least twelve members of the denomination from which he came, or twelve members of the Protestant Episcopal Church, or twelve persons, in part of the denomination from which he came, and in part Episcopalians, satisfactory to the committee, that the applicant has, for three years last past, lived piously, soberly, and honestly; and also, a testimonial from at least two presbyters of this church, that they believe him to be pious, sober, and honest, and sincerely attached to the doctrines, discipline, and worship of the church. The standing committee being satisfied on these points, may recommend him to the bishop, to be received as a candidate for orders in this church, or in a vacant diocese the standing committee may so receive him.
Sect. 4. Candidates admitted as above, may, at the expiration
of a period not less than six months, be ordained, on their passing the same examinations as other candidates for deacons' orders; and in the examinations, spécial regard shall be had to those points in which the denomination whence they come differs from this church, with a view of testing their information and soundness in the same; and also to the ascertaining that they are adequately acquainted with the liturgy and offices of this church; provided, that in their case the testimonials shall be required to cover only the time since their admission as candidates for orders; and provided, also, that the provisions of the canon concerning candidates for orders, as far as the same relates to the age of the person to whom the dispensation may be granted, and the mode and restrictions in and under which the same may be granted, shall apply to the persons mentioned in this canon.
Sect. 5. Every candidate for the ministry of any other denomination, who applies to be received as a candidate for orders in this church, may be allowed by the bishop, with the consent of the members of the standing committee, the period of time during which he has been a student of theology, or candidate in such other denomination : provided, the time so allowed does not exceed two years.
Sect. 6. When any person not a citizen of the United States, who has been acknowledged as an ordained minister among any other denomination of Christians, shall apply for orders in this church, the bishop to whom application is made shall require of him in addition to the above qualifications) satisfactory evidence that he has resided at least one year in the United States previous to his application.
Sect. 7. The third canon of 1835 is hereby repealed. CANON VIII. Of the Organizing of New Dioceses
Formed out of Existing Dioceses. SECT. 1. Whenever any new diocese shall be formed within the limits of any other diocese, or by the junction of two or more dioceses or parts of dioceses, and the same shall have been ratified by the General Convention, the bishop of the diocese within the limits of which another is formed, or in case of the junction of two or more dioceses or parts of dioceses, the bishop of eldest consecration over the dioceses furnishing portions of such diocese, shall thereupon call the primary convention of the new diocese for the purpose of enabling it to organize, and shall fix the time and place of holding the same, such place being within the territorial limits of the new diocese.
SECT. 2. In case there should be no bishop who can call such primary convention pursuant to the foregoing provisions, then the duty of calling such convention for the purpose of organizing, and the duty of fixing the time and place of its meeting, shall be vested in the standing committee of the eldest of the dioceses, by the junction of which, or parts of which, the new diocese may be formed. And such standing committee shall make such call immediately after the ratification of a division by the General Convention.
Sect. 3. Whenever one diocese is about to be divided into two dioceses, the convention of the said diocese shall declare which portion thereof is to be the new diocese, and shall make the same known to the General Convention before the ratification of such division.
Canon IX. Of the Mode of Publishing Authorized Edi
tions of the Book of Common Prayer, &c.
(Former Canons on this subject were the third of 1801, the forty-third of 1808,
the Canon of 1821, the forty-sixth of 1832, and the sixth of 1835.]
Sect. 1. The bishop of this church in any dicoese, or, where there is no bishop, the standing committee thereot, shall appoint one or more presbyters of the diocese, who shall compare and correct all new editions of the Common Prayer Book, the articles, offices, and metre psalms and hymns, by some standard book; and a certificate of said editions having been so compared and corrected, shall be published with the same. And in case any edition shall be published without such correction, it shall be the duty of the bishop, or, where there is no bishop, of the standing committee, to give public notice that such edition is not authorized by the church.
Sect. 2. Editions from the stereotype plates of the Prayer Book of the Female Episcopal Prayer Book Society of Philadelphia, comprising the Common Prayer Book, the articles, offices, psalms in metre selected from the psalms of David, and hymns, are hereby established as the standard : together with the whole Book of Psalms in metre, in the duodecimo edition, published by the New York Protestant Episcopal Press in 1832; with the exceptions of errors evidently typographical ; the correction of which errors is confided to such person or persons as the bishop or standing committee may appoint for superintending any publication.
Sect. 3. The sixth canon of 1835 is hereby repealed.