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punished by ecclesiastical censures, as persons contumacious. Provided, That if, upon experience, the number of the said apparitors be too great in any diocese, in the judgment of the archbishop of Canterbury, for the time being, they shall by him be so abridged as he shall think meet and convenient.

AUTHORITY OF SYNODS.

CXXXIX. A National Synod the Church Representative.

Whosoever shall hereafter affirm, That the sacred synod of this nation, in the name of Christ and by the king's authority assembled, is not the true Church of England by representation, let him be excommunicated, and not restored until he repent, and publicly revoke that his wicked error.

CXL. Synods conclude as well the absent as the present.

Whosoever shall affirm, That no manner of person, either of the clergy or laity, not being themselves particularly assembled in the said sacred synod, are to be subject to the decrees thereof in causes ecclesiastical (made and ratified by the king's majesty's supreme authority), as not having given their voices unto them, let him be excommunicated, and not restored until he repent, and publicly revoke that his wicked error.

CXLI. Depravers of the Synod censured. Whosoever shall hereafter affirm, That the sacred synod, assembled as aforesaid, was a company of such persons as did conspire together against godly and religious professors of the gospel; and that therefore both they and their proceedings in making of canons and constitutions in causes ecclesiastical, by the king's authority, as aforesaid, ought to be despised and contemned, the same being ratified, confirmed, and enjoined by the said regal power, supremacy, and authority, let them be excommunicated, and not restored until they repent, and publicly revoke that their wicked error.

We, of our princely inclination and royal care for the maintenance of the present estate and government of the Church of

England, by the laws of this our realm now settled and established, having diligently, with great contentment and comfort, read and considered of all these their said Canons, Orders, Ordi. nances, and Constitutions, agreed upon, as is before expressed ; and finding the same such as we are persuaded will be very profitable, not only to our clergy, but to the whole church of this our kingdom, and to all the true members of it, if they be well observed; have therefore for us, our heirs, and lawful successors, of our especial grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, given, and by these presents do give our royal assent, according to the form of the said statute or act of parliament aforesaid, to all and every of the said Canons, Orders, Ordinances, and Constitutions, and to all and everything in them contained, as they are before written.

And furthermore, we do not only by our said prerogative royal, and supreme authority in causes ecclesiastical, ratify, confirm, and establish, by these our letters patent, the said Canons, Orders, Ordinances, and Constitutions, and all and everything in them contained, as is aforesaid; but do likewise propound, publish, and straightway enjoin and command by our said authority, and by these our letters patent, the same to be diligently observed, executed, and equally kept by all our loving subjects of this our kingdom, both within the provinces of Canterbury and York, in all points wherein they do or may concern every or any of them, according to this our will and pleasure hereby signified and expressed; and that likewise, for the better observation of them, every minister, by what name or title soever he be called, shall, in the parish-church or chapel where he hath charge, read all the said Canons, Orders, Ordinances, and Constitutions, once every year, upon some Sundays or holy-days, in the afternoon, before divine service; dividing the same in such sort, as that the one half may be read one day, and the other another day : the book of the said Canons to be provided at the charge of the parish, betwixt this and the feast of the Nativity of our Lord God next ensuing: straitly charging and commanding all archbishops, bishops, and all other that exercise any ecclesiastical jurisdiction within this realm, every man in his place, to see and procure (so much as in them lieth), all and every of the same Canons, Orders, Ordinances, and Constitutions, to be in all points duly observed ; not sparing to execute the penalties in them severally mentioned, upon any that shall wittingly or wilfully break or neglect to observe the same, as they tender the honor of God, the peace of the Church, the tranquillity of the kingdom, and their duties and service to us, their king and sovereign.

In witness, &c.

FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF THE

PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH

IN THE

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA:

BEING THE

SUBSTANCE OF VARIOUS CANONS ADOPTED IN GENERAL CONVENTIONS OF SAID CHURCH (FROM A.D. 1832), AND SET FORTH, WITH ALTERATIONS AND ADDITIONS, IN GENERAL CON

VENTION, A.D. 1832;

ALSO,

THE CANONS PASSED IN GENERAL CONVENTIONS,

A.D, 1835, 1838, AND 1841.

TO WHICH ARE ANNEXED THE

CONSTITUTION OF THE CHURCH,

AND THE

COURSE OF ECCLESIASTICAL STUDIES,

ESTABLISHED BY THE HOUSE OF BISHOPS,

IN THE GENERAL CONVENTION OF 1804.

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