A Complete Systein of ASTRONOMICAL Chro

NOLOGY, unfolding the Scriptures. By John Kennedy, Rector of Bradley, in Derbysbire. 4to, 1762.

2 vols. 4to.




TO THE KING. ABREU AND BERTODANO, AMBASSADOR EXTRAORDINARY AND PLENIPOTENTIAKY FROM us SIRE,Having by long labour and diligent in. CATHOLIC MAJESTY TO THE KING OF GREAT quiry, endeavoured to illustrate and establish the

chronology of the Bible, I hope to be pardoned

the ambition of inscribing my work to your maMY LORD,—That acuteness of penetration into jesty. characters and designs, and that nice discern- An age of war is not often an age of learning: ment of human passions and practices which the tumult and anxiety of military preparations have raised you to your present height of station seldom leave attention vacant to the silent proand dignity of employment, have long shown gress of study, and the placid conquests of inyou that dedicatory addresses are written for vestigation ; yet, surely, a vindication of the in. the sake of the author more frequently than spired writers can never be unseasonably offered of the patron : and though they profess only re- to the Defender of the Faith, nor can it ever be verence and zeal, are commonly dictated by in- improper to promote that religion without which terest or vanity.

all other blessings are snares of destruction, I shall therefore not endeavour to conceal my without which armies cannot make us safe, nor motives, but confess that the Italian Dictionary victories make us happy. is dedicated to your excellency, that I might gra- I am far from imagining that my testimony tify my vanity, by making it known, that in a can add any thing to the honours of your macountry where I am a stranger, I have been able, jesty, to the splendour of a reign crowned with without any external recommendation, to obtain triumphs, to the beauty of a life dignified by the notice and countenance of a nobleman so virtue. I can only wish, that your reign may eminent for knowledge and ability, that in his long continue such as it has begun, and that the twenty-third year be was sent as plenipotentiary effulgence of your example may spread its light to superintend, at Aix-la-Chapelle, the interests through distant ages, till it shall be the bighest of a nation remarkable above all others for gra- praise of any future monarch, that he exhibits vity and prudence: and who, at an age when some resemblance of George the Third. I am, very few are admitted to public trust, transacts sire, your majesty's, &c. the most important affairs between two of the

JOHN KENNEDY. greatest monarchs of the world.

If I could attribute to my own merits the favours which your excellency every day confers upon me, I know not how much my pride might

HOOLE'S TRANSLATION OF TASSO'S be inflamed; but when I observe the extensive

JERUSALEM DELIVERED. 1763. benevolence and boundless liberality by which all who have the honour to approach you, are dismissed more happy than they come, I am afraid of raising my own value, since I dare not Madam,—To approach the high and the illusascribe it so much to my power of pleasing as trious has been in all ages the privilege of poets; your willingness to be pleased.

and though translators cannot justly claim the Yet as every man is iuclined to flatter himself, same honour, yet they naturally follow their auI am desirous to hope that I am not admitted to thors as attendants : and I hope that in return greater intimacy than others without some quali- for having enabled Tasso to diffuse his fame fications for so advantageous a distinction, and through the British dominions, I may be intro shall think it my duty to justify, by constant re- duced by him to the presence of your majesty. spect and sincerity, the favours which you have Tasso has a peculiar claim to your majesty's been pleased to show me. I am, my lord, your favour, as follower and panegyrist of the house excellency's most humble and most obedient of Este, which has one common ancestor with servant,

the house of Hanover; and in reviewing his life

it is not easy to forbear a wish that he had lived London, Jan. 12, 1780.

in a happier time, when he might among ths de scendants of that illustrious family have found a more liberal and potent patronage.

I cannot but observe, Madam, how unequally reward is proportioned to merit, when I reflect that the happiness which was withheld from



Tasso is roserved for me, and that the poem eign countries, frequented courts, and lived in which oncs hardly procured to its author the familiarity with statesmen and princes; not countenance of the Princes of Ferrara, bas at-only instructed scholars in literature, but form. tracted to its translator the favourable notice of ed Elizabeth to empire. a British queen.

To propagate the works of such a writer will Had this been the fate of Tasso, he would not be unworthy of your lordship's patriotism : have been able to have celebrated the condescen- for I know not what greater benefits you can sion of your majesty in nobler language, but confer on your country, than that of preserving could not have felt it with more ardent gratitude, worthy names from oblivion, by joining them than, madam, your majesty's most faithful and with your own. I am, my lord, your lordship’s devoted servant.

most obliged, most obedient, and most humble servant,

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SIRE,—The patronage of works which have a tendency towards advancing the happiness of SIRE,—It is the privilege of real greatness not mankind, naturally belongs to great princes ; to be afraid of diminution by condescending to and public good, in which public elegance is the notice of little things: and I therefore can comprised, has ever been the object of your boldly solicit the patronage of your majesty to majesty's regard.

the humble labours by which I have endeavoured In the following pages your majesty, I fatter to improve the instruments of science, and mako myself, will find, that I have endeavoured at the globes on which the earth and sky are deextensive and general usefulness. Knowing, lineated less defective in their construction, and therefore, your majesty's early attention to the less difficult in their use. polite arts, and more particular affection for the Geography is in a peculiar manner the science study of architecture, I was encouraged to hope of princes. When a private student revolves the that the work which I now presume to lay be- terraqueous globe, he beholds a succession of fore your majesty, might be thought not un- countries in which he has no more interest than worthy your royal favour: and that the protec- in the imaginary regions of Jupiter and Saturn. tion which your majesty always affords to those But your majesty must contemplate the scientific who mean well, may be extended to, sire, your picture with other sentiments, and consider, as majesty's most dutiful subject, and most obe- oceans and continents are rolling before you, dient and most humble servant,

how large a part of mankind is now waiting on your determinations, and may receive benefits or suffer evils, as your influence is extended or withdrawn.

The provinces which your majesty's arms The ENGLISH WORKs of Roger Ascham, edited have added to your dominions, make no inconby JAMES BENNET. 4to. 1767.

siderable part of the orb allotted to human beTO THE RIGHT HON. ANTHONY ASHLEY COOPER,

ings. Your power is acknowledged by nations EARL OF SHAFTESBURY, BARON ASHLEY, LORD

whose names we know not yet how to write, and whose boundaries we cannot yet describe.

But your majesty's lenity and beneficence give SETSHIRE, T. R. S.

us reason to expect the time when science sball MY LORD,--Having endeavoured, by an elegant be advanced by the diffusion of happiness: when and useful edition, to recover the esteem of the the deserts of America shall become pervious public to an author undeservedly neglected, the and safe : when those who are now restrained only care which I now owe to his memory, is by fear shall be attracted by reverence: and that of inscribing his works to a patron whose multitudes who now range the woods for prey, acknowledged eminence of character may awaken and live at the mercy of winds and seasons, shall attention and attract regard.

by the paternal care of your majesty enjoy the I have not suffered the zeal of an editor so far plenty of cultivated lands, the pleasures of soto take possession of my mind, as that I should ciety, the security of law, and the light of reve. obtrude upon your lordship any productions lation. I am, sire, your majesty's most humble, unsuitable to the dignity of your rank or of your most obedient, and most dutiful subject and sentiments. Ascbam was not only the chief servant, crnament of a celebrated college, but visited for



BY, 1777.


Bishop ZACHARY Pearce's Posthumous Works. them to survey the wide extent of national in. 2 vols. 4to. Published by the Rev. Mr. Der- terest without losing sight of private merit : to

exhibit qualities which may be imitated by the highest and the humblest of mankind : and to be at once amiable and great.

Such characters, if now and then they appear SIRE-I presume to lay before your majesty the in history, are contemplated with admiration. last labours of a learned bishop, wbo died in the May it be the ambition of all your subjects to toils and duties of his calling. He is now be make haste with their tribute of reverence : and yond the reach of all earthly honours and re- as posterity may learn from your majesty how wards ; and only the hope of inciting others to kings should live, may they learn, likewise, from imitate him, makes it now fit to be remembered, your people how they should be bonoured. I that he enjoyed in his life the favour of your am, may it please your majesty, with the most majesty.

profound respect, your majesty's most dutiful The tumultuary life of princes seldom permits and devoted subject and servant.




Designed to answer, in the most correct and expeditious manner, the common purposes of business, particularly the

business of the Pubic Funds, BY JOHN PAYNE, of the bank of England. 1758.

AMONG the writers of fiction, whose business search. The plea, therefore, that nature is exis to furnish that entertainment which fancy per- hausted, and that nothing is left to gratify the petually demands, it is a standing plea, that the mind, but different combinations of the same beauties of nature are now exhausted : that imi-ideas, when urged as a reason for multiplying tation has exerted all its power, and that nothing unnecessary labours among the sons of science, more can be done for the service of their mis- is not so readily admitted : the understanding, tress, than to exhibit a perpetual transposition of when in possession of truth, is satisfied with the known objects, and draw new pictures, not by simple acquisition; and not like fancy, inclined introducing new images, but by giving new lights to wander after new pleasures in the diversifica. and shades, a new arrangement and colouring to tion of objects already known, which, perhaps, the old. This plea has been cheerfully admit- may lead to error. ted: and fancy, led by the hand of a skilful But notwithstanding this general disinclinaguide, treads over again the flowery path she has tion to accumulate labours for the sake of that often trod before, as much enamoured with every pleasure which arises merely from different new diversification of the same prospect, as with modes of Investigating truth, yet, as the mines the first appearance of it.

of science have been diligently opened, and their In the regions of science, however, there is not treasures widely diffused, there may be parts the same indulgence: the understanding and chosen, which, by a proper combination and arthe judgment travel there in the pursuit of truth, rangement, may contribute not only to enterwhom they always expect to find in one simple tainment but use, like the rays of the sun col. form, free from the disguises of dress and orna- | lected in a concave mirror, to serve particular ment: and, they travel with laborious step purposes of light and heat. and a fixed eye, they are content to stop when The power of arithmetical numbers has been the shades of night darken the prospect, and tried to a vast extent, and variously applied to patiently wait the radiance of a new morning, to the improvement both of business and science. lead them forward in the path they have chosen, In particular, so many calculations have been which, however thorny, or however steep, is se- made with respect to the value and use of money, verely preferred to the most pleasing excursions that some serve only for speculation and amusethat bring them no nearer to the object of their ment; and there is great opportunity for selectIng a few that are peculiarly adapted to common being bound to depend upon the funds for their business, and the daily interchanges of pro- whole subsistence, could not possibly retreat perty among men. Those which happen in the from the approaching danger. But this evil, public funds are, at this time, the most frequent after many unsuccessful attempts of the legislaand numerous : and to answer the purposes of ture to conquer it, was, like many other, at that business, in some degree, more perfectly length subdued by its own violence; and the than has hitherto been done, the following tables reputable stock-brokers seem now to have it in are published. What that degree of perfection their power effectually to prevent its return, by above other tables of the same kind may be, is a not suffering the most distant approaches of it matter, not of opinion and taste, in which many to take footing in their own practice, and by might vary, but of accuracy and usefulness, opposing every effort made for its recovery by with respect to which most will agree. The the desperate sons of fortune, who, not having approbation they meet with will, therefore, de- the courage of highwaymen, take 'Change Alpend upon the experience of those for whom ley rather than the road, because, though more they were principally designed, the proprietors injurious than highwaymen, they are less in of the public funds, and the brokers who trans- danger of punishment by the loss either of libact the business of the funds, to whose patronage erty or life. they are cheerfully committed.

With respect to the other patrons to whose Among the brokers of stocks are men of great encouragement these Tables have been recomhonour and probity, who are candid and open in mended, the proprietors of the public funds, all their transactions, and incapable of mean and who are busy in the improvement of their forselfish purposes : and it is to be lamented, that a tunes, it is sufficient to say—that no motive can market of such importance as the present state sanctify the accumulation of wealth, but an arof this nation has made theirs, should be brought dent desire to make the most honourable and into any discredit, by the intrusion of bad men, virtuous use of it, by contributing to the support who, instead of serving their country, and pro- of good government, the increase of arts and incuring an honest subsistence in the army, or the dustry, the rewards of genius and virtue, and fleet, endeavour to maintain luxurious tables, the relief of wretchedness and want. and splendid equipages, by sporting with the public credit.

What Good, what True, what Fit we justly call, It is not long since the evil of stock-jobbing

Let this be all our care-for this is All; was risen to such an enormous height, as to

To lay this treasure up, and hoard with haste threaten great injury to every actual pr prietor :

What every day will want, and most the last.

This done, the poorest can no wants endure; particularly to many widows and orphans, who, And this not done, the richest must be poor.–POTE.






Reasons offered against confining the Procession to the usual Track, and pointing out others more commodious and

proper. To which are prefixed, a plan of the different Paths recommended, with the Parts adjacent, and a Sketch of the Procession. Most humbly submitted to consideration.


All pomp is instituted for the sake of the pub- a very splendid and ceremonious inauguration lie. A show without spectators can no longer of our kings, their intention was, that they be a show. Magnificence in obscurity is equals should receive their crown with such awful Jy vain with a sun dial in the grave.

rites, as might for ever impress upon them a As the wisdom of our ancestors has appointed due sense of the duties which they were to luke,

when the happiness of nations is put into their The path in the late coronations has Leen only hands; and that the people, as many as can pos- from Westminster Hall, along New Palacesibly be witnesses to any single act, should open- yard, into Union-street, through the extreme ly acknowledge their sovereign by universal ho- end of King-street, and to the Abbey-door, by mage.

the way of St. Margaret's church-vard. By the late method of conducting the corona- The paths which I propose the procession to tion, all these purposes have been defeated. pass through, are, Our kings with their train, have crept to the 1. From St. James's Palace, along Pall-Mall temple, through obscure passages ; and the and Charing-Cross, by Whitehall, through crown has been worn out of sight of the people. Parliament-street, down Bridge-street, into of the multitudes, whom loyalty or curiosity King-street, round St. Margaret's church-yard, brought together, the greater part has returned and from thence into the Abbey. without a single glimpse of their prince's gran- II. From St. James's Palace across tho canal, deur, and the day that opened with festivity into the Bird Cage Walk, from thence into ended in discontent.

Great George-street, then turning down LongThis evil has proceeded from the narrowness ditch, (the Gate-house previously to be taken and shortness of the way through which the down) proceed to the Abbey. Or, procession has lately passed. As it is narrow, III. Continuing the course along Georgeit admits of very few spectators ; as it is short, street, into King-street, and by the way of St. it is soon passed. The first part of the train Margaret's church-yard, to pass into the west reaches the abbey before the whole bas left the door of the Abbey. palace; and the nobility of England, in their IV. From St. James's Palace, the usual way robes of state, display their riches only to them- his Majesty passes to the House of Lords, as far selves.

as to the parade, when leaving the Horse Guards All this inconvenience may be easily avoided on the left, proceed along the Park, up to Great by choosing a wider and longer course, which George-street, and pass to the Abbey in either may be again enlarged and varied by going one of the tracks last mentioned. way, and returning another. This is not with- V. From Westminster Hall into Parliamentout a precedent; for, not to enquire into the street, down Bridge-street, along Great Genrgepractice of remoter princes, the procession of street, through Long-ditch (the Gate-house, as Charles the Second's Coronation issued from the before observed, to be taken down), and so on to Tower, and passed through the whole length of the west door of the Abbey. the city to Whitehall. *

VI. From Whiteball up Parliament-street, down Bridge-street, into King-street, round

St. Margʻret's church-yard, proceed into the * The king went early in the morning to the Tower of Abbey. London in his coach, most of the lords being there before. VII. From the House of Lords along St. And about ten of the clock they set forward towards Margaret's-street, across New Palace-yard, into Whitehall, ranged in that order as the heralds had ap- Parliament strect, and from thence to the Abpointed; those of the long robe, the king's council at law, bey by the way last mentioned. the masters of the chancery, and judges, going first, and so the lords in their order, very splendidly habited, on rich

But if, yn no account, the path must be exfootcloths; the number of their footmen being limited, to tended to any of the lengths here recommended, the dukes ten, to the lords eight, to the viscounts six, I could wish, rather than see the procession and the barons four, all richly clad, as their other ser. confined to the old way, that it should pass, The whole show was the most glorious in

VIII. From Westminster Hall along Palacethe order and expense, that had been ever seen in England; they who rode first being in Fleet-street when the yard, into Parliament-street, and continued in king issued out of the Tower, as was known by the dis- the last mentioned path, viz. through Bridgecharge of the ordnance: and it was near three of the street, King-street, and round the church-yard, clock in the afternoon, when the king alighted at White. to the west door of the cathedral. hall. The next morning the king rode in the same state

IX. The return from the Abbey, in either in his robes, and with his crown on his head, and all the lords in their robes, to Westminster Hall; where all the

case, to be as usual, viz. round St. Margaret's ensigns for the coronation were delivered to those who church-yard, into King-street, through Unionwere appointed to carry them, the Earl of Northumber- street, along New Palace-yard, and so into land being made high constable, and the Earl of Suffolk Westminster Hall. earl marshal, for the day. And then all the lords in their

It is almost indifferent which of the six first order, and the king himself, walked on foot, upon blue cloth, from Westminster Hall to the Abbey Church, ways now proposed be taken; but there is a where, after a sermon preached by Dr. Morley (then bishop of Worcester), in Henry the Seventh's Chapel, the king was sworn, crowned and anointed, by Dr. Juxon, Archbishop of Canterbury, with all the solemnity that in and there the king dined, and the lords on either side at those cases had been used. All which being done, the tables provided for them : and all other ceremonies were king returned in the same manner on foot to Westminster performed with great order and magnificence.-Life of Hall, which was adorned with rich hangings and statues ; Lord Clarendon, P. 187.

vants were.

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