bither I did not at first understand the hours of Duck. Thus, in difficult cases, we naturally the post.

trust most what we least know. I have seen the great bull; and very great he Why Bormefield, supposing that a lotion can is. I have seen likewise his heir apparent, who do good, should despise laurel-water in comparipromises to inherit all the bulk and all the vir- son with his own receipt, I do not see; and see tues of his sire. I have seen the man who offer still less why he should laugh at that which ed a hundred guineas for the young bull, while Wall thinks efficacious. I am afraid philosophy he was yet little better than a calf. Matlock, I will not warrant much hope in a lotion. am afraid, I shall not see, but I purpose to see Be pleased to make my compliments from Dove dale; and, after all this seeing, I hope to Mrs. Salusbury to Susy. I am, &c. see you. I am, &c.

LETTER IX.-To the Same.
LETTER VII.-To the Same.

October 31st, 1772.
Ashbourne, July 3d, 1771.


Though I am just informed, that, by some acLast Saturday I came to Ashbourne; the dan-cidental negligence, the letter which I wrote on gers or the pleasures of the journey I have at Thursday was not given to the post, yet I canpresent no disposition to recount; else might I not refuse myself the gratification of writing paint the beauties of my native plains; might 1 again to my mistress ; not that I have any thing tell of the “ smiles of nature and the charins of to tell, but that by showing how much I am art;" else might I relate how I crossed the employed upon you, I hope to keep you from Staffordshire canal, one of the great efforts of forgetting me. human labour, and human contrivance; which, Doctor Taylor asked me this morning on from the bridge on which I viewed it, passed what I was thinking ? and I was thinking on away on either side, and loses itself in distant Lucy. I hope Lucy is a good girl. But she regions, uniting waters that nature had divided, cannot yet be so good as Queeney. I have got and dividing lands which nature had united. I nothing yet for Queeney's cabinet. might tell how these reflections fermented in I hope dear Mrs. Salusbury grows no worse. my mind till the chaise stopped at Ashbourne, I wish any thing could be found that would at Ashbourne in the Peak. Let not the barren make her better. You must remember her ad.. name of the Peak terrify you ; 1 have never monition, and bustle in the brewhouse. When wanted strawberries and cream. The great I come, you may expect to have your hands full bull has no disease but age. I hope in time to with all of us. be like the great bull: and hope you will be like Our bulls and cows are all well ; but we jet him too a hundred years hence. I am, &c. hate the man that had seen a bigger bull. Our

deer have died; but many are left. Our wate: fall at the garden makes a great roaring this wet

weather. LETTER VIII.- To the Same.

And so no more at present from, Madam,

your, &c.

Ashbourne, July 10th, 1771.
I am obliged to my friend Harry, for his re-
membrance; but think it a little hard that I

LETTER X.-To the Same.
hear nothing from Miss.
There has been a man here to-day to take a

Nov. 231, 1772. farm. After some talk he went to see the bull,

DEAR MADAM, and said that he had seen a bigger. Do you I am sorry that none of your letters bring better think he is likely to get the farm?

news of the poor dear lady. I hope her pain is Toujours strawberries and cream.

not great. To have a disease confessedly incurDr. Taylor is much better, and my rheuma- able and apparently mortal, is a very heavy tism is less painful. Let me hear in return as affliction ; and it is still more grievous when much good of you and Mrs. Salusbury. You pain is added to despair. despise the Dog and Duck; things that are at Every thing else in your letter pleased me hand are always slighted. I remember that Dr. very well, except that when I come I entreat I Grevil, of Gloucester, sent for that water when may not be fattered, as your letters flatter me. his wife was in the same danger; but he lived You have read of heroes and princes ruined by near Malvern, and you live near the Dog and Mattery, and I question if any of them had a


Aatterer so dangerous as you. Pray keep strictly dious, and this day makes no promises of much to your character of governess.

However, I have this day put on my I cannot yet get well; my nights are flatulent shoe, and hope that gout is gone. I shall have and unquiet, but my days are tolerably easy, only the cough to contend with, and I doubt and Taylor says that I look much better than whether I shall get rid of that without change when I came hither. You will see when I of place. I caught cold in the coach as I went come, and I can take your word.

away, and am disordered by very little things. Our house affords no revolutions. The great Is it accident or age? I am, dearest Madam, &c. bull is well. But I write not merely to think on you, for I do that without writing, but to keep you a little thinking on me. I perceive that I have taken a broken piece of paper, but that is not the greatest fault that you must for

LETTER XIII.-To the Same. give in, Madam, your, &o.

March 17th, 1773. Dear Madam,

To tell you that I am sorry both for the poor LETTER XI.-To. MRS. THRALE.

lady and for you is useless. I cannot help either

of you. The weakness of mind is perhaps only Nov. 27th, 1772.

a casual interruption or intermission of the at

tention, such as we all suffer when some weighty DEAR MADAM,

care or urgent calamity has possession of the If you are so kind as to write to me on Satur- mind. She will compose herself. She is unday, the day on whicb you will receive this, willing to die, and the first conviction of apI shall have it before I leave Ashbourne. I am proaching death raised great perturbation. I to go to Litchfield on Wednesday, and purpose think she has but very lately thought death close to find my way to London through Birming- at hand. She will compose herself to do that ham and Oxford.

as well as she can, which must at last be done. I was yesterday at Chatsworth. It is a very May she not want the divine assistance ! fine house. I wish you had been with me to You, Madam, will have a great loss; a greater see it; for then, as we are apt to want matter of than is common in the loss of a parent. Fill talk, we should have gained something new to your mind with hope of her happiness, and talk on. They complimented me with playing turn your thoughts first to Him who gives and the fountain, and opening the cascade. But I takes away, in whose presence the living and am of my friend's opinion, that when one has dead are standing together. Then remember, seen the ocean, cascades are but little things. that when this mournful duty is paid, others

I am in hope of a letter to-day from you or yet remain of equal obligation, and, we may Queeney, but the post has made some blunder, hope, of less painful performance. Grief is a and the racket is not yet distributed. I wish species of idleness, and the necessity of attenit may bring me a little good of you all. Ition to the present preserves us, by the merciful

disposition of Providence, from being lacerated and devoured by sorrow for the past. You must think on your husband and your children, and do what this dear lady has done for you.

Not to come to town while the great struggle LETTER XII.--To the Same.

continues is undoubtedly well resolved. But do Tuesday, Jan. 26th, 1773.

not harass yourself into danger; you owe the

care of your health to all that love you, at least Madam,

to all whom it is your duty to love. You The inequalities of human life have always em- cannot give such a mother too much, if you ployed the meditation of deep thinkers, and I do not give her what belongs to another. I cannot forbear to reflect on the difference be tween your condition and my own. You live upon mock-turtle, and stewed rumps of beef; I dined yesterday upon crumpets.

You sit with parish officers, caressing and caressed, the

LETTER XIV.--To the Same. idol of the table, and the wonder of the day. I pine in the solitude of sickness, not bad enough to be pitied, and not well enough to be endured.

April 27th, 1773. You sleep away the night, and laugh or scold

Dear Madam, away the day. I cough and grumble, and Hope is more pleasing than fear, but not less grumble and cough. Last night was very te-fallacious; you know, when you do not try to

am, &c.

am, &c.

deceive yourself, that the disease which at last is | wicked and malicious, may be erroneously relito destroy, must be gradually growing worse, gious, or absurdly scrupulous. I am not bound and that it is vain to wish for more than that to compliance with mandates either positive or the descent to death may be slow and easy. In this negative, which either religion condemns or reawish I join with you, and hope it will be grant. son rejects. There wanders about the world a ed. Dear, dear lady! whenever she is lost she wild notion, which extends over marriage more will be missed, and whenever she is remembered than over any other transaction. If Miss she will be lamented. Is it a good or an evil to followed a trade, would it be said that she was me that she now loves me? It is surely a good ; bound in conscience to give or refuse credit at for you will love me better, and we shall have a her father's choice? And is not marriage a new principle of concord; and I shall be happier thing in which she is more interested, and has with honest sorrow, than with sullen indiffer- therefore more right of choice? When I may ence : and far happier still than counterfeited suffer for my own crimes, when I may be sued sympathy.

for my own debts, 1 may judge by parity of reaI am reasoning upon a principle very far from son for my own happiness. The parent's moral certain, a confidence of survivance. You or I, right can arise only from his kindness, and his or both, may be called into the presence of the civil right only from his money. Supreme Judge before her. I have lived a life Conscience cannot dictate obedience to the of which I do not like the review. Surely I wicked, or compliance with the foolish ; and of shall in time live better.

interest mere prudence is the judge. I sat down with an intention to write high If the daughter is bound without a promise, compliments; but my thoughts have taken she promises nothing; and if she is not bound, another course, and some other time must now she promises too much. serve to tell you with wbat other emotions, be- What is meant by tying up money in trade I nevolence, and fidelity, I am, &c.

do not understand. No money is so little tied as that which is employed in trade. Mr. • • perhaps only means, that in consideration of

money to be advanced, he will oblige his son to LETTER IX.- To the Same.

be a trader. This is reasonable enough. Upon ten thousand pounds diligently occupied, they

may live in great plenty and splendour, without May 17th, 1773.

the mischiefs of idleness. MADAM,

I can write a long letter as well as my misNever imagine that your letters are long; they tress ; and shall be glad that my long letters may are always too short for my curiosity. I do not be as welcome as bers. know that I was ever content with a single per- My nights are grown again very uneasy and usal.

troublesome. I know not that the country will Of dear Mrs. Salusbury I never expect much mend them ; but I hope your company will better news than you send me; de pis en pis is mend my days. Though I cannot now expect the natural and certain course of her dreadful much attention, and would not wish for more malady. I am content when it leaves her ease than can be spared from the poor dear lady, yet enough for the exercise of her mind.

I shall see you and hear you every now and Why should Mr. **

suppose that what then ; and to see and hear you, is always to hear I took the liberty of suggesting was concerted wit, and to see virtue. with you? He does not know how much I re- I shall, I hope, see you to-morrow, and a litvolve his affairs, and now honestly I desire histle on the two next days; and with that little I prosperity. I hope he has let the hint take some must for the present try to be contented. I hold of his mind. Your declaration to Miss

is more general than my opinions allow. I think an unlimited promise of acting by the opinion of another so wrong, that nothing, or hardly any thing, can make it right. All unnecessary vows

LETTER XVI.-To the Same. are folly, because they suppose a prescience of the future which has not been given us. They

August 12th, 1773. are, I think, a crime, because they resign that

Dear Madam, life to chance which God has given us to be re- We left London on Friday the 6th, not very gulated by reason ; and superinduce a kind of fa- early, and travelled without any memorable actality, from which it is the great privilege of our cident through a country which I had seen benature to be free. Unlimited obedience is due only fore. In the evening I was not well, and was to the Universal Father of Heaven and Earth. forced to stop at Stilton, one stage short of My parents may be mad and foolish ; may be Stamford, where we intended to have lodged.

am, &c.

On the 7th we passed through Stamford and such as I have seen in no other place; it rather Grantham, and dined at Newark, where I had awes than pleases, as it strikes with a kind of only time to observe that the market-place was gigantic dignity, and aspires to no other praise uncommonly spacious and neat. In London than that of rocky solidity and indeterminate we should call it a square, though the sides were duration. I had none of my friends resident, neither straight nor parallel. We came, at and therefore saw but little.

The library is night, to Doncaster, and went to church in the mean and scanty. morning, where Chambers found the monument At Durham, beside all expectation, I met an of Robert of Doncaster, who says on his stone old friend: Miss Fordyce is married there to a something like this ;-What I gave, that I have; physician. We met, I think, with honest kind. what I spent, that I had; what I left, that I ness on both sides. I thought her much decaylost.-So saith Robert of Doncaster, who reign- ed, and having since heard that the banker had ed in the world sixty-seven years, and all that involved her husband in his extensive ruin, I time lived not one. Here we were invited to cannot forbear to think that I saw in her withdinner, and therefore made no great haste away, ered features more impression of sorrow than of

We reached York, however, that night; I timewas much disordered with old complaints.

Qua terra patet, sera regoat Erionys. Next morning we saw the Minster, an edifice of loftiness and elegance equal to the highest He that wanders about the world sees new hopes of architecture. I remember nothing but forms of human misery, and if he chances to the dome of St. Paul's that can be compared meet an old friend, meets a face darkened with with the middle walk. The Chapter-house is a troubles. circular building, very stately, but I think ex- On Tuesday night we came hither; yesterday celled by the Chapter-house of Lincoln. I took some care of myself, and to-day I am

I then went to see the ruins of the Abbey, quite polite. I have been taking a view of all which are almost vanished, and I remember that could be shown me, and find that all very nothing of them distinct.

near to nothing. You have often heard me The next visit was to the jail, which they call complain of finding myself disappointed by the castle ; a fabric built lately, such is terres-books of travels; I am afraid travel itself will trial mutability, out of the materials of the end likewise in disappointment. One town, ruined abbey. The uuder jailor was very offi- one country, is very like another: civilized pacious to show his fetters, in which there was no tions have the same customs, and barbarous nacontrivance. The head jailor came in, and see- tions have the same nature: there are indeed ing me look, I suppose, fatigued, offered me minute discriminations both of places and of wine, and when I went away would not suffer manners, which perhaps are not wanting of his servant to take money. The jail is account- curiosity, but which a traveller seldom stays ed the best in the kingdom, and you find the long enough to investigate and compare. The jailor deserving of his dignity,

dull utterly neglect them; the acute see a little, We dined at York, and went on to Northal- and supply the rest with fancy and conjecture. lerton, a place of which I know nothing, but I shall set out again to-morrow ; but I shall that it afforded us a lodging on Monday night, not, I am afraid, see Alnwick, for Dr. Percy and about two hundred and seventy years ago is not there. I hope to lodge to-morrow night gave birth to Roger Ascham.

at Berwick, and the next at Edinburgh, where Next morning we changed our horses at Dar- | I shall direct Mr. Drummond, bookseller, at lington, where `Mr. Cornelius Harrison, a Ossian's head, to take care of my letters. cousin-german of mine, was perpetual curate. I hope the little dears are all well, and that He was the only one of my relations who ever my dear master and mistress may go somewhirose in fortune above penury, or in character ther; but wherever you go do not forget, Maabove neglect.

dam, your most humble servant. The church is built crosswise, with a fine I am pretty well. spire, and might invite a traveller to survey it;

August 15th. but I perhaps wanted vigour, and thought I Thus far I had written at Newcastle. I for, wanted time.

got to send it. I am now at Edinburgh ; and The next stage brought us to Durham, a place have been this day running about. I run of which Mr. Thrale bade me take particular pretty well. notice. The bishop's palace has the appearance of an old feudal castle, built upon an eminence, and looking down upon the river, upon which

LETTER XVII.-T. MRS. THRALE. was formerly thrown a draw-bridge, as I suppose, to be raised at night lest the Scots should

Edinburgh, Aug. 17th, 1773.

Dear MADAM, The cathedral has a massiness and solidity Ox the 13th I left Newcastle, and in the after noon came to Alnwick, where we were treated and found them twenty-seven feet long, and with great civility by the Duke: I went through twenty-thice broad. The rock bad some grass the apartments, walked on the wall, and climbed and many thistles, both cows and sheep were the towers. That night we lay at Belford, and grazing. There was a spring of water. The on the next night came to Edinburgh. On name is Inchkeith. Look on your maps. This Sunday (15th) I went to the English chapel. visit took about an hour. We pleased ourselves After dinner Dr. Robertson came in, and pro- with being in a country all our own, and then mised to show me the place. On Monday I went back to the boat, and landed at Kinghorn, saw their public buildings: the cathedral, which a mean town; and travelling through KirkalI told Robertson I wished to see because it had die, a very long town meanly built, and Cowouce been a church, tho courts of justice, the par, which I could not see because it was night, parliament house, the advocates' library, the re- we came late to St. Andrew's, the most ancient pository of records, the college and its library, of the Scotch universities, and once the see of and the palace, particularly the old tower where the Primate of Scotland. The inn was full; but the king of Scotland seized David Rizzio in lodgings were provided for us at the house of the queen's presence. Most of their buildings the professor of rhetoric, a man of clegant are very mean; and the whole town bears some manners, who showed us, in the morning, the resemblance to the old part of Birmingham. poor remains of a stately cathedral, demolished in

pass it.

Boswell has very handsome and spacious Knox's reformation, and now only to be imarooms; level with the ground on one side of the gined by tracing its foundation, and contemplathouse, and on the other four stories high. ing the little ruins that are left. Here was

At dinner on Monday were the Dutchess of once a religious house. Two of the vaults or celDouglas, an old lady, who talks broad Scotch lars of the subprior are even yet entire. In one of with a paralytic voice, and is scarcely under-them lives an old woman, who claims an herestood by her own countrymen ; the Lord Chief ditary residence in it, boasting that her husband Baron, Sir Adolphus Oughton, and many more.

was the sixth tenant of this gloomy mansion, in At supper there was such a conflux of company a lineal descent, and claiins by her marriage that I could scarcely support the tumult. I have with this lord of the cavern an alliance with never been well in the whole journey, and am the Bruces. Mr. Boswell staid a while to invery easily disordered.

terrogate her, because he understood her lanThis morning I saw at breakfast Dr. Black-guage; she told him, that she and her cat lived lock, the blind poet, who does not remember to together ; that she had two sons somewhere, have seen light, and is read to, by a poor scholar, who might perhaps be dead; that when there in Latin, Greek, and French. He was origin were quality in the town notice was taken of ally a poor scholar himself. I looked on him her, and that now she was neglected, but did with reverence. To-morrow our journey be- not trouble them. Her habitation contained gins; I know not when I shall write again. I all that she had; her turf for fire was laid in am but poorly. I am, &c.

one place, and her balls of coal-dust in another, but her bed seemned to be clean. Boswell asked her, if she never heard any noises ; but she could tell him of nothing supernatural,

though she often wandered in the night among LETTER XVIII.-T. MRS. THRALE.

the graves and ruins, only she had sometimes

notice by dreams of the death of her relations. Banff, August 25th, 1773.

We then viewed the remains of a castle on the Dear Madam,

margin of the sea, in which the archbishops reIt has so happened that though I am perpetually sided, and in which Cardinal Beatoun was thinking on you, I could seldom find opportu- killed. nity to write; 1 bave in fourteen days sent only The professors who happened to be resident one letter; you must consider the fatigues of in the vacation made a public dinner, and treated travel, and the difficulties encountered in a

us very kindly and respectfully. They showed strange country.

us their colleges, in one of which there is a liAugust 18th, I passed, with Boswell, the brary that, for luminousness and elegance, may Frith of Forth, and began our journey ; in the vie at least with the new edifice at Streatham. passage we observed an island, which I per-| But learning seems not to prosper among them; suaded my companions to survey. We found it one of their colleges has been lately alienated. a rock somewhat troublesome to climb, about a and one of their churches lately deserted. An mile long, and half a mile broad; in the middle experiment was made of planting a shrubbery were the ruins of an old fort, which bad on one in the church, but it did not thrive. of the stones Maria Re. 1564. It had been Why the place should thus fall to decay, I only a blockhouse, one story high. I measured koow not; for education, such as is here to be two apartments, of which the walls were entire, had, is sufficiently cheap. The terın, or, as they


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