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ACT FOUR.
SCENE I. — A dark Cave. In the middle, a Cauldron,
boiling
Thunder. Enter the three Witches.
FIRST WITCH.

Thrice the brinded cat hath mewd. 2 Witch. Thrice; and once the hedge-pig whind. 3 Witch. Harpier cries, — 'Tis time, 't is time.

1 Witch. Round about the cauldron go;
In the poison d entrails throw. -
Toad, that under cold stone,
Days and nights has thirty-one
Swelter'd venom sleeping got,
Boil thou first i’ th' charmed pot.

A. Double, double toil and trouble; 10
Fire burn, and cauldron bubble.

2 Witch. Fillet of a fenny snake
In the cauldron boil and bake:
Eye of newt, and toe of frog,
Wool of bat, and tongue of dog,
Adder's fork, and blind-worm's sting,
Lizard's leg, and owlet's wing,
For a charm of powerful trouble,
Like a hell-broth boil and bubble.
AU. Double, double toil and trouble;

20 Fire burn, and cauldron bubble. i brinded has the same meaning with perhaps a misprint of Harpie. as brindled. (R)

(w) a hedge-pig. The hedgehog is 6 White read the cold stone, also a creature of ill-omen, like the following Pope, but the article is Toad (1. 6), and the Harpier (1. not needed. (R) 3). (R)

12 fenny, of the fen. (R) Harpier. Thus the folio, 16 blind-wormos,

slowworm's. (R)

3

the

3 Witch. Scale of dragon, tooth of wolf;
Witches' mummy; maw and gulf
Of the ravin'd salt-sea shark;
Root of hemlock, digg’d i' th' dark;
Liver of blaspheming Jew;
Gall of goat, and slips of yew
Sliver'd in the moon's eclipse ;
Nose of Turk, and Tartar's lips;
Finger of birth-strangled babe
Ditch-deliver'd by a drab,
Make the gruel thick and slab:
Add thereto a tiger's chaudron,
For th’ ingredients of our cauldron.

AU. Double, double toil and trouble;
Fire burn, and cauldron bubble.

2 Witch. Cool it with a baboon's blood;
Then the charm is firm and good.

30

Enter HECATE.

40

Hec. 0, well done! I commend your pains,
And every one shall share i' th' gains.

And now about the cauldron sing,
Like elves and fairies in a ring,
Enchanting all that you put in.
[Music and a song,

“ Black spirits,” &c.

23 gulf, gullet. (R)

are plainly those already on the 24 ravin'd, i. e. ravening.

stage. 28 moon's eclipse, a time of 14 (Music and a song, Black ill-omen. Cf. Lear, I. ii. 112, and spirits,&c. This song is found Sonnets lx. and cvii. (R)

in Middleton's Witch, V. ü. It 32 slab, viscous. (R)

begins : 33 chaudron, entrails.

Black spirits and white, red spirits 39 Enter Hecate. The folio bas, Enter Hecat and the other three Mingle, mingle, mingle, you that Witches. But the three Witches mingle may!

and gray:

2 Witch. By the pricking of my thumbs, Something wicked this way

comes.

(Knocking Open, locks, Whoever knocks.

Enter MACBETH. Macb. How now, you secret, black, and midnight

hags! What is 't you do? All

A deed without a name. Macb. I conjure you, by that which you profess, 80 (Howe'er you come to know it,) answer me: Though you untie the winds, and let them fight Against the churches; though the yesty waves Confound and swallow navigation up; Though bladed corn be lodg’d, and trees blown down ; Though castles topple on their warders' heads; Though palaces and pyramids do slope Their heads to their foundations; though the treasure Of Nature's germins tumble all together, Even till destruction sicken, answer me

60 To what I ask you. 1 Witch.

Speak. 2 Witch.

Demand. 3 Witch.

We 'll answer. 1 Witch. Say, if thou 'dst rather hear it from our

mouths, Or from our masters'. Macb.

Call 'em : let me see 'em. 1 Witch. Pour in sow's blood, that hath eaten

Her nine farrow; grease, that's sweaten 63 yesty, yeasty or foamy. (R) 89 germins, sprouting seeds.

84 Confound, throw into con- 65 that's sweaten, i.e. sweated. fusion. (R)

White read that, doubtless by acci65 lodg’d, beaten down. (R) dent. (R)

From the murderer's gibbet, throw
Into the flame.
AU.

Come high, or low;
Thyself and office deftly shew.
Thunder. An Apparition of an armed Head appears.

Macb. Tell me, thou unknown power,
2 Witch.

He knows thy thought: Hear his speech, but say thou naught.

70 1 Apparition. Macbeth! Macbeth! Macbeth! be

ware Macduff; Beware the Thane of Fife. Dismiss me:

enough.

[Descends. Macb. Whate'er thou art, for thy good caution,

thanks: Thou hast harp'd my fear aright. — But one word

more : 1 Witch. He will not be commanded. Here's an

other,
More potent than the first.

Thunder. An Apparition of a bloody Child appears.
App. Macbeth! Macbeth! Macbeth! -
Macb. Had I three ears, I'd hear thee.

App. Be bloody, bold, and resolute : laugh to scorn The power

of man, for none of woman born Shall harm Macbeth.

[Descends. Macb. Then live, Macduff: what need I fear of thee? But yet I 'll make assurance double sure,

"" [Apparition of an armed i. e. Macduff. Cf. V. viii. 15. Head. This is Macbeth's head. (R) (R)

none of woman born Shall 71 beware Macduff. Cf. V. vii. harm Macbeth. Cf. V. vii. 41-5, 83–4, Behold where stands The I bear . . . untimely ripped. (R) usurper's cursed head. (R)

83 of, i. e. from. (R) [Apparition of a bloody Child,

80

80-1

77

And take a bond of Fate: thou shalt not live;
That I may tell pale-hearted fear it lies
And sleep in spite of thunder.
Thunder. An Apparition of a Child crowned, with a
tree in his hand, appears.

What is this,
That rises like the issue of a king,
And wears upon his baby brow the round
And top of sovereignty ?
AU.

Listen, but speak not to 't.
App. Be lion-mettled, proud, and take no care 90
Who chafes, who frets, or where conspirers are:
Macbeth shall never vanquish'd be, until
Great Bimam wood to high Dunsinane hill
Shall come against him.

[Descends. Macb.

That will never be :
Who can impress the forest ? bid the tree
Unfix his earth-bound root ? sweet bodements ! good!
Rebellion's head, rise never, till the wood
Of Birnam rise; and our high-plac'd Macbeth
Shall live the lease of nature, pay his breath
To time and mortal custom. Yet

my
heart

100
Throbs to know one thing : tell me, (if your art
Can tell so much,) shall Banquo's issue ever
Reign in this kingdom ?
AN.

Seek to know no more. 86 (Apparition of Child to the shape and position of a crowned, with a tree in his hand, crown, with a suggestion also of i. e. Malcolm. (R)

"complete realisation.” (R) 02-4 Macbeth shall never van

96 bodements, prophecies. (R) quished be Great Birnam 97 Rebellion's head. The folio, wood ... Shall come against him. Rebellious dead. Theobald read, Cf. V. iv. 3-4, The wood of Birnam Rebellious head; Hanmer, Rebel

hew him down a bough. (R) lion's head, - manifestly the true 88-9 round And top, an allusion reading.

a

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