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DRAMATIS PERSONÆ

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Duncan, King of Scotland.
MALCOLM,

}his Sons. MACBETH, ,

Generals of the King's Army.
BANQUO,
MACDUFF,
LENOX,
Rosse,
MENTEITH,

Thanes of Scotland.
Angus,
CATHNESS,
FLEANCE, Son to Banquo.
SIWARD, Earl of Northumberland, General of the English Forces.
Young SIWARD, his Son.
Seyton, an Officer attending Macbeth.
Son to Macduff.
An English Doctor. A Scotch Doctor.
A Soldier. A Porter. An Old Man.
LADY MACBETH.
LADY MACDUFF.
Gentlewoman attending Lady Macbeth.
HECATE.
Three Witches.
Lords, Gentlemen, Officers, Soldiers, Murderers, Attendants, and

Messengers.

The Ghost of Banquo, and other Apparitions. SCENE, in the end of the fourth Act, in England; through the rest The

of the Play, in Scotland.

Tragedy of Macbeth

ACT ONE.

SCENE I. - An

open

Place.

Thunder and lightning. Enter three Witches. FIRST WITCH. When shall we three meet again,

In thunder, lightning, or in rain ?
2 Witch. When the hurlyburly 's done,
When the battle's lost and won.

3 Witch. That will be ere the set of sun.
1 Witch. Where the place ?
2 Witch.

Upon the heath.
3 Witch. There to meet with Macbeth.
1 Witch. I come, Graymalkin!
2 Witch. Paddock calls.
3 Witch. Anon.

A. Fair is foul, and foul is fair: Hover through the fog and filthy air.

(Witches vanish.

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Graymalkin, a common name for a cat. Cats and toads played an important part in witchcraft.

Paddock, a toad. The folio (followed in part by recent editors] gives this passage thus:

foule, and foule is faire, Houer through the fogge and filthie ayre. The arrangement of the text was first proposed, I believe, by Hunter. (w)

AU. Padock calls anon: faire is

10 Anon, at once, i. e. “I'm coming." (R)

SCENE II. — A Camp near Forres.
Alarum within. Enter King DUNCAN, MALCOLM,

DONALBAIN, LENOX, with Attendants, meeting a bleeding Soldier.

Duncan. What bloody man is that? He can report,
As seemeth by his plight, of the revolt
The newest state.

Malcolm. This is the sergeant,
Who, like a good and hardy soldier, fought
Gainst my captivity. — Hail, brave friend!
Say to the King thy knowledge of the broil,
As thou did'st leave it.
Soldier.

Doubtful it stood ;
As two spent swimmers, that do cling together
And choke their art. The merciless Macdonwald
(Worthy to be a rebel, for to that

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The multiplying villainies of nature
Do swarm upon him) from the Western Isles
Of kernes and gallowglasses is suppli’d;
And Fortune, on his damned quarrel smiling,

1 Some have supposed this sergeant, a trisyllable metriscene too bombastic to be Shake- cally. So minion, 1. 19. In l. 18 speare's, but it is distinctly in the execution has five syllables. style of his scenes containing thy. The folio (followed by minor characters. (R) [Forres] recent editors), the. Forres lies on the Moray Frith on · Macdonwald. So the folio. the eastern shore of Scotland, Holinshed has Macdowald. about twenty-five miles from In- 10 for to that, because. (w) to

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The region around that, to that end (Rolfe). (R) Inverness is the Macbeth country. 13 Of, with. kernes, foot-soldiers [Soldier] The folio, Captaine. armed with javelins. gallowShakespeare found a sergeant sent glasses, heavy-armed Irish cavalry. as a messenger, though upon a Cf. 2 Henry VI, IV. ix. 26 and different errand, in the earlier part Richard II, II. i. 156. (R) of Holinshed's relation of Macbeth's 14 quarrel, (cause of quarrel]. story. (w)

The folio, quarry. Johnson's sug

verness.

Shew'd like a rebel's whore: but all 's too weak;
For brave Macbeth, (well he deserves that name,)
Disdaining fortune, with his brandish'd steel,
Which smok’d with bloody execution,
Like valour's minion, carv'd out his passage,
Till he fac'd the slave;

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Which ne'er shook hands, nor bade farewell to him
Till he unseam'd him from the nave to th' chaps,
And fix'd his head upon our battlements.

Dun. O valiant cousin! worthy gentleman !

Sold. As whence the sun 'gins his reflection
Shipwracking storms and direful thunders break,
So from that spring, whence comfort seem'd to come,
Discomfort swells. Mark, King of Scotland, mark:
No sooner justice had, with valour armd,
Compell’d these skipping kernes to trust their heels, 30
But the Norweyan lord, surveying vantage,
With furbish'd arms and new supplies of men,
Began a fresh assault.
Dun.

Dismay'd not this
Our captains, Macbeth and Banquo ?
Sold.

Yes ;
As sparrows eagles, or the hare the lion.
If I

say sooth, I must report they were As cannons overcharg'd with double cracks ; gestion based on Holinshed is Capell and substitute and for generally adopted.

which, but this seems to be un19 minion, favourite. (R)

necessary.

(R) 21 Which, who. There seems 22 from the nave to th'chaps, i. e. to be some doubt as to the ante- from the navel to the mouth or cedent, but it is almost certainly

head. (R) Macbeth, 1. 16, and not the word 26 break. The first folio omits immediately preceding, slave, i. e. break; the second has breaking. Macdonwald, for the fact of Mac- Pope's emendation. beth's overcoming Macdonwald 38 sooth, truth. (R) is clear. Some editors follow 37 cracks, charges. (R)

VOL. XIII - 9

So they doubly redoubled strokes upon the foe:
Except they meant to bathe in reeking wounds,
Or memorize another Golgotha,

40 I cannot tell. But I am faint; my gashes cry for help.

Dun. So well thy words become thee, as thy wounds: They smack of honour both. — Go, get him surgeons.

[Exit Soldier, attended.
Enter Rossa and Angus.
Who comes here?
Mal.

The worthy Thane of Rosse.
Lenox. What a haste looks through his eyes !
So should he look that seems to speak things strange.

Rosse. God save the King!
Dun. Whence cam’st thou, worthy Thane ?

Rosse. From Fife, great King ;
Where the Norweyan banners flout the sky
And fan our people cold.
Norway himself, with terrible numbers,
Assisted by that most disloyal traitor,
The Thane of Cawdor, began a dismal conflict';
Till that Bellona's bridegroom, lapp'd in proof,
Confronted him with self-comparisons,
* Except, unless. (R)

62 Norway, the country named 40 memorize, make memorable. instead of the King. Cf. 1. 61, Golgotha. Cf. Matthew, xxvii. 33. the Norways' King. (x) (R)

64 Cawdor, some fifteen miles 45 Enter Rosse and Angus. So from Inverness. (R) the folio. Only Rosse speaks or 55 Bellona's bridegroom. Mars, is spoken to. But in I. iij. 100 i. e. Macbeth. lapp'd in proof, Rosse and Angus execute the wrapped in armour tested and commission given in this [scene], found capable of great resistance. and the latter says, We are sent. (R)

66 Confronted him with self50 flout the sky, insult the Scot- comparisons, i. e. gave him as good tish sky and people. (R)

as he sent. (R)

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