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Duncan, King of Scotland.
}his Sons. MACBETH, ,
Generals of the King's Army.
Thanes of Scotland.
The Ghost of Banquo, and other Apparitions. SCENE, in the end of the fourth Act, in England; through the rest The
of the Play, in Scotland.
Tragedy of Macbeth
SCENE I. - An
Thunder and lightning. Enter three Witches. FIRST WITCH. When shall we three meet again,
In thunder, lightning, or in rain ?
3 Witch. That will be ere the set of sun.
Upon the heath.
A. Fair is foul, and foul is fair: Hover through the fog and filthy air.
• Graymalkin, a common name for a cat. Cats and toads played an important part in witchcraft.
• Paddock, a toad. The folio (followed in part by recent editors] gives this passage thus:
foule, and foule is faire, Houer through the fogge and filthie ayre. The arrangement of the text was first proposed, I believe, by Hunter. (w)
AU. Padock calls anon: faire is
10 Anon, at once, i. e. “I'm coming." (R)
SCENE II. — A Camp near Forres.
DONALBAIN, LENOX, with Attendants, meeting a bleeding Soldier.
Duncan. What bloody man is that? He can report,
Malcolm. This is the sergeant,
Doubtful it stood ;
1 Some have supposed this sergeant, a trisyllable metriscene too bombastic to be Shake- cally. So minion, 1. 19. In l. 18 speare's, but it is distinctly in the execution has five syllables. style of his scenes containing thy. The folio (followed by minor characters. (R) [Forres] recent editors), the. Forres lies on the Moray Frith on · Macdonwald. So the folio. the eastern shore of Scotland, Holinshed has Macdowald. about twenty-five miles from In- 10 for to that, because. (w) to
The region around that, to that end (Rolfe). (R) Inverness is the Macbeth country. 13 Of, with. kernes, foot-soldiers [Soldier] The folio, Captaine. armed with javelins. gallowShakespeare found a sergeant sent glasses, heavy-armed Irish cavalry. as a messenger, though upon a Cf. 2 Henry VI, IV. ix. 26 and different errand, in the earlier part Richard II, II. i. 156. (R) of Holinshed's relation of Macbeth's 14 quarrel, (cause of quarrel]. story. (w)
The folio, quarry. Johnson's sug
Shew'd like a rebel's whore: but all 's too weak;
Dun. O valiant cousin! worthy gentleman !
Sold. As whence the sun 'gins his reflection
Dismay'd not this
say sooth, I must report they were As cannons overcharg'd with double cracks ; gestion based on Holinshed is Capell and substitute and for generally adopted.
which, but this seems to be un19 minion, favourite. (R)
(R) 21 Which, who. There seems 22 from the nave to th'chaps, i. e. to be some doubt as to the ante- from the navel to the mouth or cedent, but it is almost certainly
head. (R) Macbeth, 1. 16, and not the word 26 break. The first folio omits immediately preceding, slave, i. e. break; the second has breaking. Macdonwald, for the fact of Mac- Pope's emendation. beth's overcoming Macdonwald 38 sooth, truth. (R) is clear. Some editors follow 37 cracks, charges. (R)
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So they doubly redoubled strokes upon the foe:
40 I cannot tell. But I am faint; my gashes cry for help.
Dun. So well thy words become thee, as thy wounds: They smack of honour both. — Go, get him surgeons.
[Exit Soldier, attended.
The worthy Thane of Rosse.
Rosse. God save the King!
Rosse. From Fife, great King ;
62 Norway, the country named 40 memorize, make memorable. instead of the King. Cf. 1. 61, Golgotha. Cf. Matthew, xxvii. 33. the Norways' King. (x) (R)
64 Cawdor, some fifteen miles 45 Enter Rosse and Angus. So from Inverness. (R) the folio. Only Rosse speaks or 55 Bellona's bridegroom. Mars, is spoken to. But in I. iij. 100 i. e. Macbeth. lapp'd in proof, Rosse and Angus execute the wrapped in armour tested and commission given in this [scene], found capable of great resistance. and the latter says, We are sent. (R)
66 Confronted him with self50 flout the sky, insult the Scot- comparisons, i. e. gave him as good tish sky and people. (R)
as he sent. (R)