now considerably improved in arrangement, as well as in quantity; so that those possessed of former volumes will find that the present is far from being a twice-told tale: even if it were only for the very popular mode in which the interesting subject of Ornithology is treated, rendering it perfectly intelligible to youthful capacities, whilst older readers may find much that they have forgotten. In short, we wish it, and our readers, a happy new year !-- Sun, December 20, 1820.

With regard to the poetical citations with which this work abounds, it may be said with truth, that, in collecting the numerous flowers that are continually dropping from the garland of the Muses, the author has contrived to form a tasteful annual bouquet, combining the Elegant Extracts of modern Poetry.'--Gentleman's Magazine, Dec. 1820.

'Time's Telescope blends something of the character which belongs to the Literary Pocket Book with that of a general Almanack; but at the same time possessing features different from either of these and peculiar to itself; and being altogether much more useful and compendious, than both.'—Baldwin's London Magazine, Feb. 1821.

"To " catch Time by the forelock” is an old, homely, but useful saw; but the editor of the work before us seems also to have caught him by the skirt, so multifarious are the subjects which he has rescued from the oblivious grasp of that fell tyrant. There is a time for all things, and this appears to be the eighth time of bringing these very useful reminiscences before the public; not as a mere recapitulation of former editions, but each time with a novelty of selection and a usefulness of reference, that make each edition a new work, whilst they render the series a very convenient adjunct to every library where a ready reference is more particularly required. We trust the author may continue his labours through many new editions; and that we shall be his reviewers.' New Monthly Magazine, March 1821.

We feel great pleasure in announcing another volume of this most amusing and valuable series. In conformity with the plan of all the former numbers, which gave each a familiar epitome of some useful and interesting science, the present volume is enriched by an excellent treatise of British Ornithology. In noticing this work last year, we expressed unequivocally our approbation of its plan and execution; but we have since felt that our faint praise' approached something near to injustice-not only to author and compiler, but to our readers, and especially to that most interesting and important portion of them to provide whom with innocent enjoyments, and to form whose minds to a temper of sincere piety and inflexible morality, is the first of duties with those who exercise the influence of the Press. Of the moral and religious tendency of 'Time's Tele

scope,' (and in this, as in all other respects, the character of all the volumes is uniform) it is not possible to speak too highly; but it unhappily sometimes happens, that moral and religious books, like individuals of the same estimable qualities, limit the sphere of their beneficial influence by a repulsive severity of demeanour, and a contempt for the lesser virtues—the graces of life. Far different is the character of Time's Telescope; every day it offers some agreeable and seasonable subject for conversation or reflection; diversified with a variety, which can never tire; specimens of poetry by living authors, which charm by their merits and their novelty, or the still higher enjoyment of the revived treasures of our antient writers. Astronomy, Natural History, and Botany, carried on regularly through the seasons. History, Chronology, in short quodcunque agunt homines, so disposed, as irresistibly to compel the most indolent involuntarily to inform himself, without in the least knowing why. The importance of such an acquisition to the possessor of a limited library, cannot be appreciated; and we speak with perfect sincerity when we say, that we never met a book so well suited to the parlour window, or one so well calculated to steal youth imperceptibly into all the departments of knowledge which form a polite education, and through those up to that wisdom, compared with which, the most exalted results of human science are but as foolishness.' St. James's Chronicle, Dec. 16, 1820.

. This year's Almanack will be found quite as entertaining and as instructive as the best of its predecessors.'-Antijacobin Review, Dec. 1820.

Seven preceding volumes have attested the zeal, the industry, and the ingenuity of the author of 'Time's Telescope;' and, although it might be supposed that the customs observed on particular days would ave been long ago exhausted, yet something to the purpose is still yielded to diligent research ; while the ever varying field of nature presents a rich and exhaustless store on which the author can draw freely, and thus render one great feature in Time's Telescope, the Naturalist's Calendar, perpetually novel and interesting, The Introduction to the present volume gives what is modestly termed the Outlines of Ornithology, but which, in fact, is a brief but con, nected view of that interesting branch of natural history. On the whole, the volume for the present year is equal to any of its predecessors; and we, perhaps, could not pay a higher compliment to a work which has, for seven successive years, enjoyed su large a share of public approbation.'-Literary Chronicle, Dec. 23, 1820.

young persons, either in tow, or country, this volume will be very acceptable, as it will furnish the 7, in one case, with much novel and amusing instruction; and, in the ther, will prove an agreeable guide to many of those pursuits whicis are the peculiar charm of a country residence.

We know not any publication of a similar nature in which there is a better union of pleasure and amusement.'-Monthly Magazine, January and July 1821.

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There are two books from whence I collect my divinity; besides that written one of God, another of his servant NATURE, that universal and publick Manuscript that lies expansed unto the eyes of all; -those that never saw him in the one, have discovered him in the other : this was the Scripture and Theology of the HEATHENS ; the natural motion of the Sun made them more admire him than its supernatural station did the children of Israel; the ordinary effects of Nature wrought more admiration in them, than in the other all his mi. racles; surely the heathens knew better how to join and read these mystical letters, than we CHRISTIANS, who cast a more careless eye on these common Hieroglyphics, and disdain to suck divinity from the flowers of Nature,


Thus I fix my firm belief

While Rapture's gushing tears descend,
That every flower and every leaf

Is moral truth's unerring friend.


If the frame of the heavenly arch erected over our heads should loosen and dissolve itself; if celestial spheres should forget their wonted motion, and by irregular volubility turn themselves any way as it might happen; if the prince of the lights of heaven, who now, as a giant, doth run his unwearied course, should as it were, through a languishing faintness, begin to stand, and to rest himself; if the Moon should wander from her beaten way; the times and seasons of the year blend themselves by disordered and confused mixture,—the winds breathe out their last gasp,—the clouds yield no rain,--the earth be defeated of heavenly influence,—the fruits of the earth pine away ;what would become of Man himself, whom these things do now all serve?






OMARE, O LITTUS, verum, secretumque Mourisov! quum multa incenitis,

quam multa dictatis !

Each moss,

Each shell, each crawling insect, holds a rank
Important in the plan of Him who framed
This scale of beings.


SHELLS form a link in the great chain of nature, and constitute a department of rational inquiry worthy the researches of men of science; and, when we consider the wonderful diversity of singular and beautiful forms which they present to our notice, they cannot fail to invite the attention of the most common observer. Conchology, indeed, is a study peculiarly adapted to recreate the senses, and insensibly to lead us to the contemplation of the glory of God in creation.

This science has in a greater or less degree attracted the attention of curious and contemplative minds in all ages: the uniform beauties of shells did not escape the observation of philosophers in the most brilliant æras of learning; as appears obvious from the writings of ARISTOTLB, of PLINY, and of ÆLIAN, and we may also add, of ATHENÆUS and of CICERO. “What can be more gratifying' (says Pliny)


• than to view Nature in all her irregularities, and sporting in her variety of shells ! Such a difference of colour do they exhibit; such a difference of figure; flat, concave, long, lunated, drawn round in a circle, the orbit cut in two; some with a rising on the back, some smooth, some wrinkled, toothed, streaked, the point variously intorted, the mouth pointed like a dagger, folded back, bent inward: all these variations, and many more, furnish at once novelty, elegance, and speculation.' Conchology, like all other liberal studies, was neglected in the darker æra which succeeded to that of classic effulgence; but, in after ages, as the mists of Gothic ignorance, which had so long overhung the western world, dispersed, and the light of science, like the morning twilight, dawned upon the horizon of the human mind, Conchology revived, was countenanced, encouraged, and flourished. And if, in later times, it resigned a precedence to other sciences, in conformity to the example of the great LINNÆUS, who was, perhaps, less favourably inclined towards the study of shells, than any other department of nature, it is pleasing to add, that since his time this subject has been most assiduously cultivated, and that by writers no less eminently qualified to exalt its character, than to give stability to the science itself.

Beauty of Shells.

The colours of shells are often so intensely vivid, so finely disposed, and so fancifully variegated, that, as objects of beauty, they rival any of the esteemed productions of the vegetable kingdom. In their forms they likewise exhibit an infinite variety. While some consist merely of a hollow cup or a single tube, others exhibit the most graceful convolutions, and appear in the form of cones, and spires, and turbans; and in another division, shaped like a box, all the

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