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OR,

MENTAL AND VOCAL PHILOSOPHY:

INVOLVING THE PRINCIPLES OF

READING AND SPEAKING;

AND DESIGNED

FOR THE DEVELOPMENT AND CULTIVATION

OF

BOTH BODY AND MIND,

IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE

NATURE, USES, AND DESTINY OF MAN:

ILLUSTRATED BY

TWO OR THREE HUNDRED CHOICE ANECDOTES;
THREE THOUSAND ORATORICAL AND POETICAL READINGS; FIVE THOUSAND
PROVERBS, MAXIMS AND LACONICS, AND SEVERAL HUNDRED

ELEGANT ENGRAVINGS.

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FORTY-THIRD THOUSAND.
28 VISED AND CORRECTED, WITI LARGE ADDITIONS, ORIGINAL AND SELECTED DLALOGUES AND

SPEECHES, WAICI ARE COPY-RIGIITED.

LOUISVILLE, KY:
MORTON & GRISWOLD.

BOSTON:
OTIS CLAPP, CROSBY & NICHOLS, PHILLIPS, SAMPSON & CO

enst 21 August, 1893, Edua 2222,195 h tuid A. Grui, 9280,8445.000 R

Baston.

ADVERTISEMENT.

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THE FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES OF THIS SYSTEM.
Some years ago, the Author was extensively engaged as a Public Speaker
and, in consequence of the habit of speaking, principally, with the muscles of
the throat and breast, he finally broke down, falling senseless, after speaking
about an hour and a half: that was followed by a protracted illness; during
which, he providentially discovered the Causes, and also the Remedies, of the dif-
ficulties under which he had labored; and now, for months in succession, by the
aid of these principles, he often speaks from six to ten hours a day, without the
least inconvenience: the principal cause of which is, that the effort is made
from the dorsal and abdominal region. Few are aware of the comprehensive
nature of the principles here partially unfolded; and probably the Author would
now be in a similar state, had it not been for the teachings afforded by children
and Indians. To secure a perfectly healthy distribution of the vital fluids
throughout the body, and a free and powerful activity of the mind, there must
be a full and synchronous action in the brain, the lungs, and the viscera of the
abdomen; the soul operating, naturally, on the dorsal and abdominal muscles,
and thus setting in motion the whole body.

That he was the first to teach the specific use of those muscles, for a healthy
breathing, and the exercise of the vocal organs, as well as blowing on wind in-
struments for hours together, without injury, he has not the least doubt; and, if
any person will produce evidence to the contrary, from any medical writer, or
teacher of elocution, previous to 1830, he shall be handsomely rewarded. The
time is fast approaching, when this, and its kindred subjects, will be duly ap.
preciated; and it will be seen and felt, that without a practical knowledge of
these important principles, no one can become a successful speaker, or teacher :
and the opinion is advisedly expressed, that they will produce as great a revo-
lution in regard to the promotion of health, the art of reading and speaking with
science and effect, and the perfect development and cultivation of mind, voice,
and ear, as the discovery of the mariner's compass, or the invention of the
steam engine, in navigation, manufacture, and travel ;-and, to be the medium
of introducing such a system, by which so many thousands have been greatly
benefited, and hundreds of lives saved, is the occasion of devout gratitude to the
INFINITE AUTHOR of all that is GOOD and TRUE.

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1845, by C. P. BRONSON,

In the Clerk's office for the District Court of Kentucky.

Pripted by Murton & Grlowold, Louisville, Ky

PREFACE

TO THE FIFTH EDITION...

In this work, the Author has given some of the results of his study and . practice, in the department of Mental and Vocal Philosophy, for the last fifteen years. Persons, who are familiar with the subjects discussed, can see how much he is indebted to books, and how much to investigation and experience. Whatever is good and TRUE in it, belongs to ALL; for it is from ABOVE. If there be anything false and evil, the Author holds himself responsible for it. His endeavor has been, to furnish a book, which may be useful to every one. He believes that a greater variety will be found in this, than in any other work on the subject;—a variety, too, which will induce deep and careful thinking, and right feeling; and which tends directly, to the end in view, to wit: the development and application, of those principles of MIND and Voice, which the Author has been engaged in practicing and teaching, in our principal towns and cities, and Institutions of Learning : notices of which may be seen among the accompanying testimonials.

This work is an abridgment of what the Author has written, in three connected, yet separate volumes, as yet unpublished, embracing the subjects of Body and Mind, their natures, relations, and destinies : the work, next in order, is PhysIOLOGY and PsychOLOGY, which, it is expected, will be published the coming year.

One reason why no more quotations are made from the Bible is, that the SACRED VOLUME is nearly ready for the press;—prepared with such a notation as will aid the reader, to pronounce and emphasize it, at sight-it being both a Pronounciny and Rhetorical Bible: it was commenced seve. eral years ago, at the request of clergymen and others, who have attended the Author's Biblical Readings and Recitations; and would probably have been laid before the public before this, but for the destruction of a portion of it by fire.

The following work is now “cast upon the waters,” in a stereotyped form, not likely soon to be changed. An affectionate Teacher's kindest regards to his Pupils, and respects to a candid and generous public.

New YORK, 1845.

Testimonials and References stion, combined with ther causes, produced bronch Five classes were formed in the Academical de-tis, from which I have been suffering more than 18 partment of Yale College, and three in the Theolog. monthit. By your directions, I can speak and Bing ical Department. The following is an extract from!

freely without irritating my throat. My voice has the testimonials of the latter:

its natural tono and compass; and I have the de. Resolved, That we consider his system exceeding-11

oveding lightful prospect of soon resuming my accustomed ly well adapted to develop and train the voice, and

à labors give expression to the passions; and we believe it!

" Professor Bronson's Recitations are the best wo calculated to promote the health of public speakers.lever near

r ever heard.'-National Intelligencer.. Being persuaded that we have derived essential ad-! Prof Bronson's Lectures and Recitations, have vantage from his instructions, we hereby express given universal delight. - Louisville Journal. our thanks for the assiduity and skill with which he "The Recitations of Mr. Bronson, are almost per has directed us in our practice, and most cordially rect.).

fect.'- Baltimore Atheneum and Visitor. recommend him to the patronage of all who would " Mr. Bronson's success has been most complete. cultivate their voices with a view to public speaking.-U. S. Guzette. EXTRACT.-From Professors of Princeton College Un

"Mr. B. exhibits with surprising ease and power and Theological Seminary, N.J.-We have had good.

"the wonderful capabilities of the human voice, and opportunities for witnessing the success of Mr. Bron-13

illustrates convincingly the practibility and impor. son. His method of using the organs of speech with most advantage, is preferable to any we have known.

un tance of cultivating its powers.--Teachers, public lle is distinguished from other teachers of elocution

speakers, and the youth of both sexes, should avail

Ithemselves of this opportunity."-Newark Adv. by the fact, that instead of trying to impart his own style of declamation, he aims at cultivating the voice, “His superior as a speaker, we have yet to meet, and then leaves the pupil to nature.

leither at the bar, in the pulpit, or on the floor of a EXTRACT.-From the Rev. Mr. Bingham, Marietta, legislative body."-Ohio State Journal, Columbus. 0. to Professor Stuart, Andover, Mass." Will you A lady, (Mrs. G. of Boston) says-"Isaving been permit me to introduce to your acquaintance, Prof. much injured by tight lacing when very young and Bronson, a popular and successful Lecturer on Elo-lalso by keeping in a bent position at school ior years, cution. He has been tor some time past, lecturing I was bent forward in such a manner as to suppose to the Professors and students in this College. As I was afflicted with permanent distortion of the spine. a Lecturer on Elocution I have never seen his supe-I Still I resolved to join the class, and prove the truth rior. Our Professors, who have been under the in- or falschood of professor B's. predictions, that I struction of Dr Barber, say the same. He has made should become straight by faith fully attending to his subject one of very thorough study-and, what the principles. In a few days I was restored.” is best of all, he has studied Nature.

EXTRACT.-From the Faculty of Marietta College. EXTRACT, -Letter from a distinguished lady in Ohio.---- Prof. Bronson has just closed a very suc. Boston.

Boston. Prof. Bronson ; Sir-I wish to express to cessful course of instruction on Elocution in this in- you my grateful acknowledgements for the great stitution. The principles which he teaches appear oer

ar benefit I have received from your system. I have to be founded on a philosophical view of man." His for many years been afflicted with extreme weakness illustrations are copious and pertinent: and in his la. of the lungs, which fatigue, either in exercise, conbors to train the voice and develop and cultivate versation or reading, produced not only hoarseness, the uffections and passions he is indefatigable. His but loss of voice I have found, upon trial, my ex. whole course of instruction is marked by a rigid.pectations more than realized. I can now, with per. deference to Natnre, and is truly simple and unaffect ease, converse, or read aloud, hour after hour fected. We take pleasure in recommending him to without the least fatigue. an intelligent community.

w At the close of his Lectures in the Apollo, the PROP BRONSON is a gentleman of much original-lo

Trollowing resolution was ananimously adopted by a ity of thought, extensive reading and remarkable

crowded house of ticket holders : powers. His Lectures, beyond the charm of novel.

Resolved, That the thanks of the members of this ty, are very interesting.-Albany Evening Journal.Ima

meeting be presented to PROF. BRONSON for his We warmly recommend Prof. Bronson's reading

successful efforts in connection with Mr. F. H. and recitations to the attention of all those who are

are Nash, his Assistant,) to interest, amuse and instruct partial to effectual and powerful elocution. Theyla

ey them. They conclude, by expressing their high ad. are an excellent substitute for dramatic exhibitions

as miration of Prof Bronson's sincerity, zeal and abi-Deily Signal, N. Y

(lity in the cause of truth and humanity, and tendeWe feel anxious that a knowledge of Mr. Bronson's rin

Bring to him their best wishes, 'that success and pecular views should be extended, believing them

"prosperity may attend him in his noble and geneSighly important. not only in juvenile education,

"rous enterprise. AMOS BELDEN, Chairman, but to the professional speaker. Nalionai Gazette,] E. PARMLY, Secretary. Philadelphia.

Prof. BRONSON'S new theory in relation to the sci. At a meeting of the Classes, the Rev. CHARLES ence of Elocution, is, in our judgment, founded in G. SOMMERS, Chairman, and Dr. AMOS JOHNSON, truth, the author being a practical illustration of the Secretary, the following Resolution was unani. boundness of his doctrine.- Oneida Whig, (Utica)mously adopted: N. X.

Resolved,' That the Ladies and Gentlemen, who From the Philadelphia Daily World. have attended a series of Lessons and Lectures, by We render no more than justice in pronouncing Prof. BRONSON, on Elocution, Music and PhysioloProf Bronson's Recitations the best we ever heard. Igy, feel great pleasure in expressing their high His recitation of "The Maniac," by Lewis, was sense of his urbanity, uncompromising regard for terrific. We never before saw confirmed, hopeless TRUTH, as the basis of Religion and sound Philosoraving insanity so thorougly counterfeited by anylphy; as well as their entire belief that his method actor. In the course of his recitations he explains of imparting knowledge is as natural and interest. his discoveries (for such they are,) in Elocution. ling, as it is novel; and that it is admirably calcula.

From the Rev. MR. Cook, of Hartford, Conn , Ited to promote the health of the BODY, and the im. who received only twelve lessons.

Iprovement of the Minr. The Classes desire also to PROF. BRONSON-Dear Sir-My Physician, Dr.sexpress their indebtedness to Mr. NASH, Prof. B.'s Sherwood. of N. Y., directed me to you for aid in accomplished Associate, whose critical knowledge recovering the use of my voice. A habit of speaking of VOCAL SCIENCE, so happily connected with an solely with the muscles of my breast and throat, usual Melody and Power of Voice, eminently qual attributable in part at least to Dr. Barber's instruc-lfies him for an Instructor in Music ,

PHYSIOLOGICAL INTRODUCTION.

1. Every ART, and SCIENCE, has its Externals, ( up the Borly, with the materials, furnished by the and its Internals, its Generals and Particulars; external world. The Soul is the architect, and which must be understood Analytically, and Syn

the body its thetically, if we would practice either successful

workmanship. ly. The Internals of Elocution, are Thoughts

Here is a good and Feelings, and its Externals comprise all that

representation of is addressed to our five senses : its Generals are

this nervous Mind and Body, with their various Languages,

mass, which is a or modes of manifestation. Comparatively, Lan

kind of brain, guage—is the Tune, Body-the Instrument, and

(or scries of Mind-the Performer: hence, the necessity of

brain,) that prebecoming acquainted, theoretically and practi

sides over those cally, with their NATURES, RELATIONS and USES.

glands, or work2. As the subjects of MIND and LANGUAGE,

shops, that take are partially unfolded in the following work, in

charge of the this part, something must be said of the BODY,

food, digestit, the harp of ten thousand strings : particularly in

and watch over regard to structure, position, and the organs to be

its' changes, till used for the production and modification of

it is made into sounds, in Speech and Song: also of Gestures,

blood, and ther or Actions; illustrated by appropriate Engravings,

appropriated to which may be imitated by the Pupil, for the pur

the body. The pose of bringing the Body into subjection to the

nervous centre, Mii.d; without, however, any reference to spe

called Semilunar eific Recitations,-lest he should become artifi

Ganglion and So cia , instead of natural.

lar Plexus, may 3. The more we contemplate Man, the more

be seen at a, a, a, we see and feel the truth, that he is a MICROCOSM

a a; it is situated indeed; a minature-world-an abstract of crea

under the dia. 301,-an epitome of the universe, a finite repre

phragm ar.d partsentation of the INFINITE DEITY! Well saith the

ly behind the les then motto, “KNOW THYSELF !” and the poet

stomach: other “THE PROPER STUDY OF MANKIND—IS MAN."

subordinate cenAnd it may truly be said, that there is nothing

tres may be seen - the Mineral, Vegetable and Animal Kingdoms,

at e, e, e, e; also Set cannot be found, essentially, in the human

in other places, may; and nothing in the world of Mind, that is

that need not be not whadowed forth in his spiritual nature: hence,

designated as the grandeur, the magnificence-of our subjects,

they are very and our objects.

numerous: these 4. The three grand essentials of the Body pro

CA

centres are like per, are the Osseus, or bony system, which fixes

miner posts in a its form, and gives it stability: the Muscular, or

state, or kingfleshy system, which is designed to act on the

dom. At i, is Osseus; and Nervous system, acting on the Mus

seen a pair of cular: while the Mind, acts on and through the chords, called trisplanchnic nerves: and at o, o, Nervous; receiving its life and power from Him, are seen other nerves, with their little brains, oi who is emphatieally “THE LIFE:" thus, we can centres, where they corne together, forrning a line look through Nature, up to Nature's God. Ob- along the spine, from the bottom of the chest, to Serve, the Analytical course is from outermosts to the top of the neck. From this large collection innermosts, from effects to causes; and the Syn- of Organic Nerves, others proceed to every part thetical progress from innermosts to outermosts; } of the system, uniting in smaller centres, and or from causes to effects.

forming ganglions in the palms of the hands, 5. NERVES OF ORGANIC LIFE. Every thing balls of the fingers, &c. Our Astronomical sysmust have a beginning: and nothing is made per- tem is called the Solar System, because the Sun fect at once. Now in the body, there is a cer- is its centre, watching over our planets; so, of tain portion, called Nerves of Organic Life ; be- these nervous centres of the grand and smaller puuse they am te brst formed, and constitute departments of our miniature-universe. Owing the grass 11: 4,5 l, hmm, th which the soul builds I to the intimate connection of these nerves with

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