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200. Accent. The intentions of the
Anecdote. When Lieute;tant O Brien ! mind--are manifested by the accent of the was blown up, in the Edgar, and thrown on voice, as are those of a tailor, when he makes board the Admiral, all black and wet, he a gentleman's coat; or of a mantuamaker, said to the commander, with pleasantry: “I when she makes a lady's gown ; there is a hope sir, you will excuse my dirty appear. meaning, an end, in all. The three great ance; for I left the ship in so great a hurry, categories of knowledge are end, cause and that I had not time to change my dress..
Proverbs. 1. Every thing great—is comeffect ; reflection and experience will convince those who would be wise, that the end or pur- stronger resemblance to a mad-man than a drun
posed of minute particles. 2. Nothing-bears a pose, is the first thing,--the cause or medium, kard. 3. Pleasure, purchased by pain, is always the second, and the effect, or ultimation of injurious. 4. The act is to be judged of, by the the co-operation of end and cause, the third intention of the person, who does it. 5. Theory, thing. Now the feeling, or affection, is the without practice, however plausible, seldom first thing; the thought-is the second thing: tends to a successful issue. 6. Reflect well, beand the action—the third thing: the affection fore you say yes, or no. 7. Be cautious-in give and the vowel sound are connected, the ing advice, and consider-before you foiiow it. thought and the consonant, and all become 8. A man, fond of disputing, will, in time, have manifest, when the word is properly made, few friends to dispute with. 9. Young people by the application of accent, and enuncia- are apt to think themselves wise enough ; ar tion.
drunkards-think themselves sober enough. 10. 201. Now, as the affectuous part of the Injustice—cannot exist without agents. 11. No mind operates, especially, on those lower great loss, but some small gain. 12. No smoke,
without some fire. nerves and muscles, that are combined to produce the vowel sounds, and the intellectual Reading Discourses. As the reading part of the mind co-operates with the lungs, desirable, that the speaker should unite the
of written discourses is so common, it is very to form the consonant sounds, and the two advantages of written, or printed composi; unite—to make the word, by the use of the tion, with extemporaneous speaking ; which accent, through the agency of which, feelings can be done by mastering ihe principles of and thoughts are conveyed,—it will be per- this system; then, though the essay be a ceived, that whenever there is a change of the month, or a year old, the orator may give it seat of accent, there may be a corresponding all the appearance and freshness of oral dischange of the meaning of the word: or
Many public men have injured rather, a change of feeling produces a change their health by slavishly reading their disof thought, and the two produce a correspon- courses, instead of speaking them; there ding change in the seat of accent: as-au- being such an inseparable connection begust, au-gust; prod-uce, produce ; gal- to read, especially from a manuscript, tends
tween thinking and breathing, that the effort lant, gal-lant.
to the use of the thorax, or lungs. If we 202. Change of the seat of accent accord- were taught to read by ear, instead of by ing to sense. They bom-bard the town, with sight, there would be no difficulty in this bom-bards, and ce-ment their cannon with exercise: there must be a revolution-in cement, and call upon their col-leagues to regard to teaching and learning this imporcol-league together, col-lect their soldiers, and tant art, or sad will continue to be the con. offer
up their col-lects. He com-ments upon sequences. their cóm-ments, while they com-merce about Varieties. 1. Were the Texians right,
If wornan the com-merce, and com-mon-place their com- in rebelling against Mexico ? mon-place business. The com-pact was en-taught the philosophy of love, who would tered into in a com-pact manner, while the not learn? 3. Do not yield to misfortunes; soldiers com-plot together in a com-plot, and but resist them, with unceasing firmness. com-port themselves with a becoming com- No one is qualified to command, who has
4. Procrastination-is the thief of time. 5. port. The farmer com-posts his fields with not learned to obey. 6. A laugh-costs too excellent com-post, and out of the com-pound much, if purchased at the expense of prohe com-pounds a fruitful soil; which, when priety. 7. Words, fitly spoken from a lite com-press'd, makes a very fine com-press for of love, are exceedingly sweet, and profitable the grain.
to all. My birthday! what a different sound
Beware, ye slaves of vice and infamy, That word had-in my youthful ears! Beware-choose not religion's sacred name, And how, each time-the day came round, To sanctify your crimes-your falsehood shield. Less, and less white-its mark appears! Profane not your Creator's boundless power, When first-our scanty years are told, Or lest his vengeance-fall upon, and crush ye It seems like pastime-to grow old.
It is an awful height-of human prido, And as youth-counts the shining links, When we dare-robe ourselves in sanctity, That time--around him binds so fast,
While all is dark impiety within ! Pleased with the task, he little thinks, This, surely, is the aggregate of sin, How hard that chain will press--al last. The last--to be forgiven-by heaven, or mun.
203, The subject of accent, being of pri
Proverbs. 1. Beware of reading, wiki.loui inary iinportance, should be dwelt upon, till thinking of the subject. 2. A man rarely deceived its principles, and their application, are per- another but once. 3. A good paymaster is lord of fectly familiar. Remember, it is the principal another man's purse. 4. He is most secure frot? external means, of making words-out of let-danger, who, even when conscious of safety, in ters and syllables: comparatively, it is the on his guard. 5. The pitcher may go often to the thread with which we make the garments well, and be broken at last. 6. A good companion, for our thoughts, and thus manifest the ob- according to his own fancy. 8 A comparison—is
makes good company. 7. Let every one choose, jects which the mind has in view in clothing
9. Your looking-glass-will tell you them in different ways, and making them what none of your friends will. 10. The human alive with feeling. The mental power of ac-heart wants something to be kind to. 11. Many cent, is in the will, or voluntary principle, hands make light work. 12. Ask your purse and the physical force is from the combined what you shall buy. action of the lower muscles, in connection Anecdote. Blundering on the Truth. with the diaphragm ; hence, it may be per- An ignorant fellow, who was about to be ceived, that in simply expelling vowel sounds, married, resolved to make hiinself perfect in as always insisted upon, we at the same time, the responses of the marriage service; but, acquire the power of making the accent ; for by mistake, he committed the office of bap. expulsion-is accent, radical, or stress. If tism for those of riper years : so, when the you do not master accent, you cannot suc
clergyman asked him, in the church,
“Wilt thou have this woman to thy wedded ceed in becoming an elocutionist. 204. Change of the seat of accent. On wife?" The bridegroom answered, in a
very solemn tone ; I renounce them all." her en-trance, she was en-tranced at being The astonished minister said " I think you es-cort-ed by a grand es-cort: I es-say to are a fool :'—to which he replied, “ All this make an essay to ex-ile the ex-iles: ex-port I steadfastly believe." the ex-ports, with-out ex-tract-ing the ex
Analogics. As, in the succession of the tracts for the ex-tract-ors: the ab-ject fel-lows seasons, each, by the invariable laws of na. abject the gifts, and the ab-sent minded ab- ture, affects the productions of what is next sent themselves from the party: he ab-stracts in course ; so, in human life, every period the ab-stracts and at-trib-utes the at-tri-butes of our age,-according as it is well or ill to others: I lay the ac-cent on the ac-cent-ed spent, influences the happiness of that which vowel, and af-fix the af-fix to the final sylla- is to follow. Virtuous youth -- generally ble, and make aug-ment in the right place
brings forward accomplished and flourishing
manhood ; and such manhood passes off, and ang-ment the word in Au-gust, and thus without uneasiness, into respectable and make the idea au-gust. Notes. 1. Be careful in placing the accent on the right out of its regular course, disorder takes
tranquil old age. When nature is turned syllable : ad-ver-tise-ment, al-lies, com-pen-sate, in-qui-ry, de-co-rus, place-in
the moral, just as in the vegetable or-tho-e-py, ar-is-toc ra-cy, ac-cept-a-ble, Ar-e-op-a-gus, ac-ces-40ry, up-right-ly: for if you place the accent on the wrong vowel, world. If the spring-put forth no blossome, you partially pervert the meaning, or render it ridiculous : as, 1 in summer—there will be no beauty, and in saw an au-gust spectacle in Au-gust. 2. In singing, accent is al. the autumn-no fruit. If youth-be trifled ways made by stress: and the first note of each full measure ac- away without improvement, manhood will be Laconics. Labor is honorable in all, from the beginnings of life-have been vanity,
contemptible and old age-miserable. If the king on the throne to the mendicant in its latter end can be no other than vexation the street ; and let him or her, who is a..
of spirit. shamed to toil for themselves, or the benefit of their race, be more ashamed to consume
Varieties. 1. Is there any such thing as the industry and labor of others, for which time and space, in the world of mind ? 2. they do not render an equivalent.
Any book that is worth reading once, is The rose had been washed, just washed in a shower,
worth reading twice. 3. Most misfortunes Which Mary--to Anna--conveyed;
--may be turned into blessings, by watching T'he plentiful moisture-encumbered the flower,
the tide of affairs. 4. When the wicked are And weighed fnwn its beautiful head.
in power, innocence and integrity are sure The cup was all filled, and the leaves were all wet,
to be persecuted. 5. Give people proper And it seemed, to a fanciful view, To weep for the buds--it had left with regret,
books, and teach them how to read them, On the flourishing brush-where it grew.
and they will educate themselves. 6. Un. I hastily seized it, unfit as it was
limited powers-should not be trusted in the Fora nosegay, so dripping and drowned
hands of any one, who is not endowed with And swinging it rudely, too rudely, alas!
perfection, more than human. 7. The I snapped it,--it fell to the ground.
truths of the Bible are the seeds of order ; And such, I exclaimed, is the pitiless part, Some act-by the delicate mind,
and as is the reception, such will be the Regardless of wringing—and breaking a heart,
produce. Already to sorrow resigued.
Faults-in the life, breed errors in the brain, This elegant rose, had I shaken it less,
And these, reciprocally, those again :
The mind, and conduct-mutually imprint,
And stamp their image-in each other's mint
Might have bloomed with its owoner awhile:
805. To accomplish the objects in view, Proverbs. I. Instead of saying "I can't,' say the development and perfection of the voice “I will.” 2. Acquire knowledge that may be for reading, speaking and singing, a great useful. 3. If possible, remove your own ditficulvariety of exercises and examples, are intro- ties. 4. Husband your time, and waste neither duced, containing sense and nonsense; and that, nor your money. 5. Try to exert a good
6. A little stone can attention can be given to both kinds, accord- influence, wherever you are. ing to their uses. Let it be remembered, that make a great bruise. 7. Unwearied diligerce the forty-four sounds of the language are the the point will gain. 8. Cultivate good domestic
habits. 9. Some rather reflect truth than practics fountains, from which are to flow every stream
it. 10. Man is a mi--cro-cosm, or little world of elocution and music: and these are con- 11. Winter finds what Summer conceals. 12. Twe tinually before us. No one can succeed in
of a trade seldom agree. silently reading, or thinking over the subjects: practice is the great thing; therefore, self the connecting link, or medium, between
Important. Let thc orator consider hin frequently repeat the sounds, rearl by vowels, the mental and natural world : i. e. that the spell by sounds, and exercise in accent and
spiritual world is progressing down into tho emphasis, with all the other modifications.
material world; and that all his muscles and 206. They con-cert a plan to get up a con- vocal powers are the proper organs, thro' cert, and as they con-cord the con-cords of the which it is to flow. Hence, the necessity of notes, they con-crete the con-crete tones with developing and training, perfectly, those mesuch admirable con-duct, as to con-duct the diums of communication, that every thing in whole to the satisfaction of the audience. He the matter, may tell, effectually, in the mancon-fects the sugar with delicious con-fects, ner. Much, very much depends upor: the although he con-fines his efforts to the con- state of his own mind; for, according to chat fines of the room; and without con-flicting —will be the influence shed abroad on the in any serious con-flict, he con-serves the conserves in such a way as to con-sort with his resentative of a vast concourse of associated
minds of others. Conceive yourself the repcon-sort without con-test-ing with any seri
minds, and be the true representative of your ous con-test. I will con-text the con-text, so
constituents. as to con-tract the con-tract-ing in a strong con-tract, the con-vent, so as to con-vent its
Varieties. 1. Are fictitious writings veneinmates, while they con-verse in familiar con- ficial? 2. E-go-tism (or self-commendation,
is always disgusting, and should be carefully verse.
207. Among the more difficult acquisi- avoilei. 3. A man cannot call a beiter phytions, is the ability to prolong sounds in sician than himself, if he will take all the strongly marked accented and emphatic good advice he gives to others. 4. Why is the words, involving the kindlier feelings of our human mind like a garden ? because you can nature; to succeed in which, practice single sow what seeds you please in it. 5. Gooi long vowel sounds in separate words, and al- and bad fortune are necessary, to prepare 118 so in short and long phrases; as a-le; to meet the contingencies of Šfe. 6. Be not are; a- -11; eel;i-le; o
too much afraid of offending others, by telling Id; 00-ze; mu
the truth: nor stoop to fiuttery nor mean-r; also, old armed chair; wheel to the ness, to gain their favor. 7. The whole out. right; roll the flames and join the muse; ward creation, with its every particular and glowing hope; praise the lofty dome. movement, is but a theatre and scene of ef
Notes. 1. The attempt is not made any where, to give a fects, brought forth into existence, and mov. Efect notation of the manner in which one is to read; and me
ed by interior spiritucl causes, proper to the words are more or less emphatic, that are printed in ammon spiritual world. type ; while certain words, which are not very important as to
To the curious eye meaning, are printed in italics. 2. Never mind the rough appeam. srce of the examples; but make them smooth in your delivery,
A little monitor---presents her page
of choice instruction, with her snowy bells Anecdote. Self-love. The first consid
The lily of the vale. She, not affects eration of a knave is—how to help himself ;
The public walk, nor gaze of mid-day sun: and the second, how to do it with an appear- She--to no state or dignity aspires, ance of helping others. Dionysius, the ty- But, silent and alone, puts on her suit, rant, stripped the statue of Jupiter Olympus, And sheds her lasting per-fume, but for which of a robe of massy gold, and substituted a
We had not known--there was a thing-90 sweet cloak of wool, saying" Gold is too cold in
Hid--in the gloomy shade. So, when the blast
Her sister tribes confounds, and, to the earth winter, and too heavy in the summer mit be
Stoops their high heads, that vainly were exposed, hooves us to take care of Jupiter.”
She feels it not, but flourishes anew, When was public virtue to be found,
And so the storm, Where private was not ?
That makes the huge elm couch, and rends the ocean Can he love the whole,
The humble lily spares. A thousand blows, Who loves no part ?
That shake the lofty monarch, on his throne,
We lesser folks fcel not. Keen are the paina He-be a nation's friend,
Advancement often brings. To be sei ure Who, in truth, is the friend of no man there?
Be humlle; to be happy, be content
Stil sheltered and secure.
208. The question is often asked—which Proverbs. 1. Show me a 'iar, and I will receives the accent, the vowel or the conso- show you a thief. 2. The best mode of instrucnant. The reply is, sometimes one, and at tion is-io practice what we teach. 3. Vain gloothers, both, when they are connected. In a- ry blossoms, but never bears. 4. Well to judge, ble, the accent is all on a; in no-ble, the 12 depends on well to hear. 5. He who is wicked and o receive the accent, but principally the in the country, will be wicked in the town. 6. 0; in pre-sume, the accent is mostly on u;
He who preaches war, is the devil's chaplain. and is imparted to s and m, terminating on
7. You will never have a friend, if you must the m. Although this fact is perfectly obvi- have one without failings. 8. A bad man in ofous, yet one book that purports to have pass-just, which is necessary. 10. The worst of law
fice, is a public calamity. 9. That war only is ed through seven editions, insists that vowels is, that one suit breeds twenty. 11. Be not ruinare never accented. I would ask that author, ed by your neglect. 12. Ignorance is a misfortune what letter receives the accent of the proper
Anecdote, name A-i in the Bible, since it has two sylla
An Unwelcome Visitor. bles, and yet there are no consonants. Let person, who often intruded himself in a readus beware of wrong guides as well as blind ing-room and library, to which he was not a
subscriber, had his pet dog turned out by the 209. Half accented vowel sounds. There crusty old sexton ; who gave him a kick, sayis an inferior, or half accent, on certain words ing—"you are not a subscriber at any rate.” of three or more syllables, which should be The intruder took the hint; and never apobserved; and, although given distinctly, peared again in the establishment, till he bemust be kept within the vanish of the accent-caine a patron. ed ones. The dem-0-CRAT-ic con-ver-Sa-tion HORACE, a celebrated Roman poet, relates, re-spect-ing the ti-A-ra was het-e-ro-GE-ne-us that a countryman, who wanted to pass a to a dem-on-STRA-tion; a met-a-Phis-i-cal riper, stood loitering on the banks of it, in the hyp-o-chon-dria is rec-om-MEN-da-to-ry of su- foolish expectation, that a current so rapid per-a-BUN-dant prod-i-G AL-i-ty: the in-com- would soon discharge its waters. But the pre-HEN-si-ble plen-i-po-Ten-ti-a-ry is an am- stream still flowed, (increased perhaps by pli-fi-C A-tion of hy-dro-pho-bi-a; the per-pen- fresh torrents from the mountains,) and it dic-U-LAR-i-ty of the gen-er-al-Is-si-mo, and must forever flow; because the source frona the mag-na-Nim-i-ty of the phil-an-Thror-i- which it is derived, is inexhaustible. Thus, cal re-ca-pit-u-La-tion was char-ac-ter-is-tic the idle and irresolute youth, trifles over his of the in-cor-rup-ti-Bil-i-ty of his in-con- books, or squanders, in childish pursuits, his SID-er-a-ble-ness.
precious moments, deferring the business or
There's quiet-in the deep :-
And earth-born whirlwinds-wake the wave;
Above, let care-and fear contend
That frets-above our peaceful horren
We dream in joy, and wake in love,
Nor know the rage-tnat yells above!
There's quiet in the deep!
With sin and sorrow-to the end :
2:1. Unaccented Vowels. There is great Proverbs. 1. Our best security consists in beauty in pronunciation, where each letter, innocence, and the cheering influence of
approythat is not silent, tells upon the ear its true ing conscience. 2. Tardiness and precipitation character, and all contribute to produce the are extremes equally to be avoided. 3. The desired effect : hence, the great necessity of brave may fall, but never yie?2. 4. Books alone
can never teach the use of books. 5. Common giving to all letters, syllables, and words, their proper sounds; especially, the vowels, fame-is often a common liar. 6. Words--are whether long or short, accented or unaccent
leaves ; deeds are fruits. 7. Deserve success, and
you shall command it. 8. False friends are ed: as,-on the pres-ent oc-ca-sion I shall not
worse than open enemies. 9. Goodness alone, at-tempt to prej-u-dice your o-pin-ions or e- enriches the possessor. 10. He who avoids the mo-tions to ac-com-plish my ob-jects; is it temptation, avoids the sin. 11. Knowledge is no pos-si-ble, the ter-ri-ble of-fence of the gen-er- | burden. 12. Man proposes, and God dispostj. al, in ref-er-ence to the man-u-scripts, is par- Woman. What a consoler is woman! tic-u-lar-ly con-spic-u-ous in the red-o-lent None but her presence can so win a man can-o-py of heaven! the dele-gate re-quests from his sorrow, make placid the knit brow, me to give an oc-cu-lar ed-u-ca-tion to his del- and wreathe the stern lip into a smile. The i-cate child, and be par-tic-u-lar in its e-nun- soldier–becomes a lightsome boy at her feet; ci-a-tion and pro-nun-ci-a-tion.
the anxious statesman-smiles himself back 212, A con-vert is one, who is con-vert-ed i to free-hearted youth beside her; and the still from one side to another, and a con-vict is one and shaded countenance of care-brightens who has been con-vic-ted of some crime. The beneath her influence, as the closed flower con-voy con-royed the king to his throne, and blooms in the sunshine. placed a cor-o-nal on his co-ro-nal brow. I Varieties, 1. What is truth? Heaven and will coun-ter-bal-ance that coun-ter-bal-ance, earth, are interested in this momentous ques. and coun-ter-buff the enemy's coun-ter-buff
. tion. 2. Flee from sloth ; for the indolence They will coun-ter-charge the coun-ter-charge of the soul, is the decay of the boily. 3. Eloon England, and coun-ter-charm the broker's quence is of two kinds,—that of the heart coun-ter-charm, while we coun-ter-check the which is called divine ; and that of the head, private's coun-ter-check. The general coun- which is made up of conceit and sophistry. ter-mands his officer's coun-ter-mand, as 4. It is no small grief to one's good nature, we coun-ter-march our coun-ter-march. We to try his friends. 5. Talk not of the love will coun-ter-plot your coun-ter-plots, and that outlives adversity ; the love, that remains -coun-ter-mine your coun-ter-mines. He coun- with it, is a thousand times more rare. 6 tor-poised their coun-ter-poise, and coun-ter- Deliberate with caution, and act with preci vailed their coun-ter-vail.
sion ; yield with grace, and oppose with Notes. 1. Different words, as well as the same wordes firmness. 7. The internal man is formed in any de ascented on different vowels, according to the object con the body, as a tree in the ground, or a seed in ten.dlated; thus-vvi-brate, pro-pose, brig-adi, hus-band, au-gust, the fruit. au-gust, com-pound. 2. The accent is generally on the root, or
AUTUMN EVENING. theme of the word; but sometimes on the subordinate part. 3.
Behold—the western evening light! In reading poetry, the accent may be different from what it would
It melts in deepening gloom ; be in prose, for the sake of the melody of the verse.
So calmly-Christians sink away, ber, vowels must be prolonged on their radical parts, not on their
Descending--to the tomb. vanishing movements. 5. Observe how lively, varied and inter
The winds--breathe low, the withering lest esting a passage is, when pronounced with proper accentual force;
Scarce whispers from the tree; and see how incipid and monotonous without it. 6. Always let
So gently-flows the parting breath, vour accent be well marked and sustained; then your delivery will
When good men--cense to be. be briliant, sprightly and effective.
How beautiful-on all the hills, Anecdote. Undergoing a great hard
The crimson light is shed! ship. During a trial in Court, where judge
'Tis like the peace—the Christian gives
To mourners-round his bed. Parsons presided, a lawyer desired to know
How mildly-on the wandering cloud, what a witness meant by keel-hauling. “ Do
The sunset beam-is cast! you not know?” replied the judge; “he
'Tis like the memory--left behind,
When loved ones-breathe their last. means that it is undergoing a great hard ship, to be sure!"
And now, above the dews of night,
The yellow star--appears; Fare thee well! the ship is ready,
So-faith springs in the heart of those, And the breeze-is fresh and steady.
Whose eyes-are bathed in tears. Hands are fast the anchor weighing ;
But soon—the morning's happier ligh
Its glory shall restore; High in air-the streamer's playing.
And eyelids, that are sealed in death Spread the sails--the waves are swelling
Shall wake-to close no more. Proudly round thy buoyant dwelling;
True religionFare thee well ! and when at sea,
Is always mild, propitious, and humane, Think of those who sigh for thee.
Plays not the tyrant, plants no faith in disod; Acquaintance grew; the acquaintance they improved
But stoops to succor, polish, and redress, o frie wishr; friendship-ripenend into love.
And builds her grandeur-on the public food