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I MELANCHOLY-discloses ils symptoms accord
ing to the sentiments and passions of the minde
it affects. An ambitious man fancies himself
a lord, statesman, minister, king, emperor, or
monarch, and pleases his mind with the vain
hopes of even future preferinent. The mind of
a covetous man sees nothing but his re or spe,
and looks at the most valuable objects with an
eye of hope, or with the fond conceit, that they
are already his own. A love-sick brain adores,
in romantic strains, the lovely idol of his heart,
or sighs in real misery, at her fancied frowns.

And a scholar's mind evaporates in the rumes 529. MALICE, or Spite, is a habitual malevo

of imaginary praise and literary distinction. lence, long continued, and watching occasion to Anecdote. Routs. “How strange it is,” exert itself on the hated object; this hateful dis

said a lady, “that fashionable parties should position sets the jaws and gnashes the teeth,

be called routs? Why, rout, formerly sig sends blasting flashes from the eyes, stretches the mouth horizontally, clinches the fists, and nified-the defeat of an army; and when bends the elbows in a straining manner to the | soldiers were all put to flight, or to the sword, body; the tone of voice, and expression, are

they were said to be routed !“ This title much the same as in anger, but not so loud ; which see. These two engravings represent, the

has some propriety too;" said an observer or smaller one, revengeful hatred, and the other, | men and things, “ for at these meetings, abhorrence, fear, contempt, without power, or

| whole families are frequently routed out of courage.

house and home.How like a fawning publican he looks !

Varieties. 1. Agriculture --- is the true I hate him, for he is a christian,

foundation of all trade and industry; and But more, for that, in low simplicity,

of course, the foundation of individual and He .ends out money gratis, and brings down

national riches. 2. When the moon, on a The rates of usance, here with us in Venice. If I can catch him-once upon the hip,

clear, autumnal evening, is moving through I will feed fat-the ancient grudge I bear him.

the heavens in silent glory, the earth-seems He hates our sacred nution, and he rails,

like a slumbering bahe, smiling in its sleep, (Even there where inerch'nts most do congregat

because it dreams of heaven. 3. The truths On my bargains, and my well-won thrift;

of science are not only useful, in themselves, Which he calls interest. Cursed be my tribe, but their influence is exceedingly beneficial If I forgive hiin.

| in mental culture. 4. Let your amusements 530. MELANCHOLY, or Fixed Grief, is be select and temperate, and such as will fit gloomy, sedentary, and motionless. The you for the better performance of your dulower jaw falls, the lips are pale, the eyes cast ties; all others are positively injurious. 5. down, half shut, the eyelids swollen and red, Raise the edifice of your virtue and happia or livid tears trickling silently and unmixed, ness, on the sure foundation of true religion, with total inattention to anything that passes. or love to God, and love to man. 6. That Words, if any, are few, and those dragged out will be well and speedily done in a family or rather than spoken; the accents weak and community, when each one does his part interrupted, sighs breaking into the middle faithfully. 7. Eloquence--is the power of of words and sentences.

seizing the attention, with irresistable force, There is a stupid weight-upon my senses ;

and never permitting it to elude the grasp, A dismal sullen stillness, that succeeds

till the hearer has received the conviction, The storm of rage and grief, like silent death, that the speaker intends. After the tumult, and the noise of life. [like it ; That I must die, it is my only comfort; Would-it were death; as sure, 'tis wondrous Death-is the privilege of human nature, For I am sick of living. My soul is peeld: And life, without it, were not worth our taking, She kindles not anger, or revenge,

Thither the poor, the prisoner, and the mourner, iode--was the informing, active fire within :

Fly for relief, and lay their burthen's down. Now that is quenched, the mass forgets to move, Come then, and take me into thy cold arms, and longs to mingle-with its kindred earth.

Thou meagre shade; here, let me breathe my last. The glance

Charmed, with my father's pity and forgiveness Of melancholy-is a fearful gift;

More than if angels tuned their golden viols, What is it, but the telescope of truth?

And sung a requiem-to my parting soul.
Which strips the distance of its phantasies,

On the sands of life
And brings life near-in utter nakedness, Sorrow treads heavily, and leaves a print,
Making the cold reality-too real!

Time cannot wash away; while Joy trips by Moody and dull melancholy,

With steps so light and soft, that the next wan. Kinsman to grief and comfortless despair.

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Wears his faint foot-falls out. Wirth makes the man, and want of it the fellow. I And coming events-cast heir shadows before.

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531. PARDONING -differs from acquitting, in Admiration and Love. There is a wide this the latter--means clearing a person, after difference between admiration and love. The trial, of guilt; whereas, the former-supposes guilt, and signifies merely delivering the guilty person sublime, which is the cause of the former, alfrom punishment; pardoning requires some de- ways dweils on great objects, and terrible; gree of severity of aspect, and one of voice, be

the latter on small ones, and pleasing; we cause the pardoned one is not an object of active, uninixed approbation; otherwise, its expression

submit to what we admire, but we love what is much the same as granting; which see.

submits to us; in one case we are forced, in PARDONING A CRUEL PERSECUTIOX.

the other we are flattered, into compliance. We pardon thee; live on, the state hath need of Laconics. 1. Every one, who would be an Hurnility and gratitude for this our gift, (men. orator, should study Longinus on the sublime. %. May make a man of thee.

Many of our books, containing pieces for decla. Great souls-forgive not injuries, till time

mation, remind one of a physician's leaving medias

cine with a patient, without directions how to toulos Has put their enemies within their power,

it. 3. Would it not be well for some competens That they may show-forgiveness—is their own.

person to compile a work, to be called “Songs of That thou may'st see the difference of our spirits,

the People," for all trades and avocations? 4. Let I pardon thee thy life, before thou ask it:

terz and words are like the notes of a tune, repFor half thy wealth, it is Antonio's ;

resentative of sounds and ideas. 5. Descriptive The other half-comes to the general state;

speech and writing, are like landscape painting. Which humbleness-may drive into a fine.

6. The natural world is an allegory, the meaning 532. PERPLEXITY, IRRESOLUTION, ANXIETY, of which we may find in ourselves. 7. Were a are always attended with some degree of fear; it spectator to come from the other world, into many collects the body together, as if for gathering up

? of our congregations, he would regard the sing. the arms upon the breast, rubs the forehead, the eyebrows contracted, the head hanging on the

Contracted the head hanging on the ling, and perhaps the worship, as any thing but breast, the eyes cast downward, the mouth shut, devotional. the lips compressed; suddenly, the whole body is Varieties. 1. He, who will peep into a agitated, alters its aspect, as having discovered something; then, falls into contemplation as be

drawer, will likely be tempted to take somefore; the motions of the body are restless and une thing out of it; and he, who steals a cent in qual; sometimes moving quick, and sometimes his youth, will be very apt to steal a dollar in slow; the pauses, in speaking to another, long, the tone of voice uneven, the sentences broken and

i manhood. 2. A great change in life, is like a unfinished; sometimes talks 10 himself, or makes cold bath in winter ; we all hesitate to make grimaces, and keeping half of what arises in the the first plunge. 3. The farther you advance mind.

in any art, or science, the more will you be Yes;-'tis Emilia:-by and by-she's dead.

delighted with simplicity of manner, and less 'Tis like she comes to speak of Cassio's death;

attracted by superficial ornament. 4. One of The noise was high ;-ha! no more moving?

the grand objects of education is—to collect Still as the grave Shall she come in? wer't good ? I think she stirs again. No. What's the best?

principles and apply them to practice; and If she come in, she'll speak to my wife.

when this is generally done, mankind will

be brought nearer to equality. 5. It is as imAnecdote. Peter the Great made a law,

possible for us to understand a thing, without in 1722, that if any nobleman beat, or ill

having the image of it on the retina of the treated his slaves, he should be looked upon

mind's eye, as it is to see any thing, without as insane, and a guardian be appointed, to

having its image on the retina of the bodily take care of his person and estate. The great

eye. 6. Is not the education of children, for monarch once struck his gardener, who, be

time and eternity, the highest social, civil, ing a man of great sensibility, took to his bed,

moral and religious duty, we are called upand died in a few days. Peter, on hearing of

on to perform? this, exclaimed, with tears in his eyes: I have

PLEASURE OF PIETY. civilized my subjects; I have conquered other | A Deity-believ'd, is joy begun; nations ; yet I have not been able to civilize A Deity ador'd, is joy advancd; and conquer myself.

A Deity belov'd, is joy matur'd. There is no remedy for time niisspent,

Each branch of piety delight inspires: No healing-for the waste of idleness,

Faith-builds a bridge from this world to the na Whose very languor is a punishment

O'er death's dark gulf, and all its horror hides;
Heavier than active souls can feel or guess. Praise, the sweet exhalation of our joy,
hours of indolence and discontent,

That joy etalts, and makes it sweeter still;,
Not now—to be redeemed! ye sting not less Pray'r ardent opens heav'n, lets down a streams
Because I know this span of life was lent Of glory, on the consecrated hour
For lofty duties, not for selfishness;

Of man-in audience with the Deity.
Not to be whiled away in aimless dreams,

Some-ne'er advance a judgment of their own, But to improve ourselves and serve mankind, But catch the spreading notions of the town;

Life-and its choicest faculties were given. They reason and conclude from precedent, Van should be ever better--than he seems :

And own stale notions, which they ne'er inveni And stape his acts, and discipline his mind, Some judge of authors' names, not works; and then Po wa.s adorning earth, with hope of henven' Nor praise, nor blame "he writings, but the mon.

533. MODESTY --is a diffidence of ourselves, Punishments. There are dreadfui pun accompanied with delicacy in our sense of what-ishments enacted against thieves : but it were ever is mean, indirect, or dishonorable, or a fear | of doing these things, or of having them imputed

much better to make such good provisions, by to us. Submission is an humble sense of our which cvery man might be put in a method how inferiority, and a quiet surrender of our power to live, and so be preserved from the fatal necen to a superior. Modesty bends the body forward; I sity of stealing and of being imprisoned, or has a placid, downcast countenance, bends the

for it. eyes to the breast, if not to the feet, of the superior character: the voice is low, the tone sub Varieties. 1. Some politicians consider missive, and the words few. Submission adds honesty excellent in theory,—and policy safe to them a lower bending of the head, and a in practice ; thus admitting the absurd theory, spreading out of the arms and hands, down- that principles entirely false, and corrupt in wards towards the person submitted to.

the abstract, are more salutary in their pracNow, good my lord,

tical manifestation, than principles essentially Let there be some more test of my metal,

good and true. 2. In public and private life,

in the learned and unlearned professions, ixt Before so noble, and so great a figure,

scenes of business, and in the domestic circle, Be stamped upon it.

the masterpiece of man is decision of character. O noble sir !

3. The moral sense of the people, is the sheetYour ever kindnesss doth wring tears from me ; anchor, which alone can hold the vessel o. I do embrace your offer, and dispose,

state, amidst the storms that agitate the world,

4 True religion has nothing to fear, but much From henceforth, of poor Claudia.

to hope, from the progress of scientific truths. As lamps burn silent with unconscious light, 5. A writer or speaker should aim so to So modest ease in beauty shines more bright; please, as to do his hearers and readers the Unaiming charms, with edge resistless fall,

greatest amount of good. 6. It is not the And she who means no mischief, does it all.

part of a lover of truth, either to cavil or re

ject, without due examination. 7. Ill man534. PRIDE. When our esteem of ourselves, Iners are evidence of low breeding. or opinion of our own rank or merit is so high, as to lessen the regard due to the rank and | As turns a flock of geese, and, on the green, merit of others, it is called pride : when it sup-poke out their foolish necks in awkward spleen, poses others below our regard, it is contempt,

(Ridiculous in rage!) to hiss, not bite, scorn, or disdain. Pride assumes a lofty look,

So war their quills, when sons of Dullness write. bordering on the look and aspect of anger. The eyes full and open, but with the eye-brow con Clear as the glass, his spotless fame. siderably drawn down, the mouth pouting out. * And lasting diamond writes his name. but mostly shut, and the lips contracted: the words walk out and strut, and are uttered with

All jealousy a slow, stiff, bombastic affectation of importance; Must still be strangled in its birth: or time the hands sometimes rest on the hips, with the

Will soon conspire to make it strong enough elbows brought forward in the position called a-kimbo; the feet at a distance from each other,

To overcome the truth. and the steps long and stately. Obstinacy When satire flies abroad on falsehood's wing, adds to the aspect of pride.

Short is her life, and impotent her sting; Worcester! get thee gone ; for I do see

But, when to truth allied, the wound she gives Danger and disobedience in thine eye:

Sinks deep, and to remotest ages lives. O sir, your presence is too bold and peremptory,

Every man in this age has not a soul And majesty-might never yet endure

Of crystal, for all men to read their actions [der, The moody frontier, of a servant's brow;

Thro': men's hearts and faces are so far asunYou have good leave to leave us; when we need

That they hold no intelligence. Your use and counsel, we shall send for you.

Something heavy on my spirit, Did'st thou not think, such vengeance must await

Too dull for wakefulness, too quick for slumber, The wretch that with his crimes all fresh about

Sits on me as a cloud along the sky, Rushes, irreverent, unprepared, uncalled, [him,

Which will not let the sunbeams through, nor yet Into his Maker's presence, throwing back,

Descend in rain and end, but spreads itself With insolent disdain, his choicest gifts ?

'Twixt earth and heaven, like envy between Anecdote. One of the emperors of China

And man, an everlasting mist. met a procession, conducting some malefac

[man tors to punishment. On being informed of

SONNET. the facts, he burst into tears, when one of

Like an enfranchised bird, that will: springs,

With a keen sparkle in his glancing ve, his courtiers endeavored to comfort him, saying, “In a commonwealth, there must be

And a strong effort in his quivering wings,

Up to the blue vault of the happy sky, punishment; it cannot be avoided, as man

So my enamor'd heart, so long thine own, kind now are." His majesty replied, “I weep

At length fmm Love's imprisonment set free not, to see those men prisoners, nor to see

Goen forth into the open world alone, them chastised; I know the good must be

Glad and exulting in its liberty: protected from the bad ; but I weep, because

But like that helpless bird (confind so long, imy time is not so happy as that of old was,

His weary wings have lost all power to soar, ) when the virtues of the princes were such, Who soon forgets to trill his joyous song, that they served as a bridle to the people, and And feebly fluttering, sinks to earth once mort their example was sufficient to restrain a So, from its former bonds released in vain, whole kingdom.

My heart still feels the weight of that remember'd cbara To recount Almighty works,

Whole years of joy ghide unperceived away, . What words, or ton rue, of seraph-can suffice? While sorrow counts the minutes as they pasa. 335. TRIMISING is expressed by benevolenti Laconics. 1. We must be instr ic ed I y all mks, a sofi hui earnest voice, and sometimes by things of one thing, if we would know that one inclining the head, or nod of consent; the hands I thing thoroughly. 2. The evolution of the natural open with palm upward, toward the person to whom the promise is made: sincerity in promising

sciences, amounts to the creation of a new sphere, is expressld by laying the hand gently on the in the human mind. 3. All truths, scientific, phila heart.

sophical and theological, are in perfect harmony I'll deliver all,

with each other. 4. The use, or effect, which proAnd promise you calm seas, auspicious gales, duces the end, must be the first point of ar.alytic And sail, so expeditious, it shall catch

inquiry; 1. e. first the fact, or result, and ther, the Your royal fleet far off.

reasoning upon it. 5. When it is impossible, wo I will be true to thee, preserve thee ever, trace effects to visible causes, the mental sight must The sad companion of this faithful breast; take up, and complete the operation. 6. There is While life, and thought remain.

a universal analogy between all the spheres of Where'er I go, my soul shall stay with thee;

creation, natural, mental and spiritual, and ber Tis but my shadow, that I take away.)

tween nature, and all things in human society. ;

Nature—is simple and easy, it is man that is diff 536. REFUSING, - when accompanied with displeasure, is done nearly the same way as dis

cult and perplexed. missing with displeasure: without it-it is done | Genius. They say of poets, that they must with a visible reluctance, that occasions the bring. be born such; so must mathematicians, so ing out the words slowly, with such a shake of must great generals, and so must lawyers, the head, and shrug, as is natural on hearing and so, indeed, must men of all denominasomething that gives us a screw of the shoulders, tions, or it is not possible that they should and hesitation in the speech, as implies perplexity excel: but with whatever faculties we are between granting and refusing; as in the follow- born, and to whatever studies our genius may ing example of refusing to lend money :

direct us, studies they still must be. Nature They answer-in a joint-and corporate voice,

gives a bias to respective pursuits; and this That now they are at falt-want treasure-cannot

strong propensity is what we mean by genius. Do-what they wou.d; are sorry, (you are honorable) Milton did not write his Paradise Lost ; no: But yet they could have wished-(they know not)

Homer his Iliad ; nor Newton his Principia, Something hath been amiss-(a noble nature

without immense labor. May catch a wrench)-would all were well-tis pity;

Light grief is proud of state, and courts compassion : And so intending other serious matter, After distasteful looks--and other hard fractions

But there's a dignity-in cureless sorrow, With certain half caps, and com-moving woras

A sullen grandeur, which disdains complaint; They frown me into silence.

Rage is for little wrongs-despair—is dumb. Pride. The disesteem and contempt of Let coward guilt, with pallid fear, others is inseparable from pride. It is hardly

To shelt'ring caverns fly, possible to overvalue ourselves, but by under

And justly-dread the vengeful fate, valuing our neighbors; and we commonly most undervalue those, who are, by other men,

That thundes through the sky. thought to be wiser than we are, and it is a

Protected by that hand, whose law, kind of jealousy in ourselves that they are so,

The threatning storms obey, which provokes our pride.

Intrepid virtue-smiles secure, They said, her cheek of youth was beautiful,

As in the blaze of day. Till withering sorrow blanch'd the white rose there;

Varieties. 1. When you can do withBut grief did lay his icy finger on it,

out injury to truth and mercy, always avoid

a quarrel and a lawsuit. 2. When the founAnd chill'd it—to a cold and joyless statue.

dation of our hope is assailed, ought we not Anecdote. Garrick and Hogarth, sitting to contend, earnestly, for the fúith once delivtogether one day, mutually lamented the ered to the saints? 3. When there is a right want of a picture of Fielding; “I think,” said desire, and an untiring industry, there will, Garrick, «l could inake his face;" which he eventually, be the reward of light. 4. They, did accordingly. “For heaven's sake, hold," who understand most of a subject, will be vesaid Hogarth, "remain as you are a few min- ry indulgent to those, who know but little of utes;" he did so, while the painter sketched it. 5. If we are unwilling to do anything for the outlines, which were afterwards finished ourselves, how can we expect others will do from their mutual recollection: and this draw. much for us? 6. Every deceiver, whether by ing was the original of all the portraits we word, or deed, is a liar, and no one, that has have of the admired Tom Jones.

been 'once deceived by him, will fail to shun, He that holds fasi the golden mean,

if not despise him.

Whether present, or absent, you always appear, And lives, contentedly, between

A youth--most bewitchingly pleasant, The little--and the great

For when you are present, you're absent-my dear; Feels not the wants-that pinch the poor,

And when you are absent-you're present. Nor plagues—that haunt the rich man's door, How charming--is divine philosophy! Imbittering-all his state.

Not harsh and crabbed, as dull fools suppose, The tallest pines-teel most—the power

But musical as is Apollo's lute, Of wintry blast; the loftiest tower

And a perpetual feast-of nectar'd sweets, Comes heaviest—to the ground.

Where no crude surfeit reigns. The bolts--that span the mountain side,

Seeming devotion doth but gild the knare, His cloud-capt eminence-divide;

That's neither farthfuil, honest, just nor brave; And spread the ruin round.

But where religion doth-with virtue join, Nature-is frugal, and her wants are few. | It makes a hero-like an angel shine.

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537. REMORSE,

Should I-have answered Caius Cassius thus or a painful sense

When Marcus Brutus--grows so covetous, . of guilt. casts down

To lock such rascal-counters from his friends, the countenance, and clouds it with

Be ready--gods, with all your thunderbolts, anxiety; hangs

Dash him to pieces! down the head;

Anecdote. A young gentleman, (the son draws down the

of his Majesty's printer, who had the patent eye-brows; the

for publishing Gibbon's works,) made his ap. right hand beats

pearance, at an assembly, dressed in green the breast; the teeth gnashes with

and gold. Being a new face, and extremely anguish, and the

elegant, though he was not overstocked with whole body is

sense, he attracted much attention, and a genstrained, and vio

eral murmur prevailed, to know who he was. lently agitated: if

A lady replied, loud enough to be heard by the strong remorse is

stranger, “Oh! don't you know him? It is succeeded by the

young Gibbon, bound in calf, and gilt; but more gracious dis

not lettered." position of penitence, or contrition, the eyes are raised, (tho' with great appearance of doubting Seeing Right. He, only, sees well, who and fear,) to the throne of mercy, and immediately sees the whole, in the parts, and the parts, in cast down again to the earth; then floods of tears the whole. I know but three classes of men: are seen to flow; the knees are bended, or the those who see the whole, those who see but a body prostrated on the ground; the arms are part, and those who see both together. spread in a suppliant posture, and the voice of deprecation is uttered with sighs and groans,

Varieties. 1.. He, who lives well, and betimidity, hesitation, and trembling. The engra- lieves aright, will be saved ; but he, who does f icates a noble mind in distress.

not live well, and believe aright, cannot be The heart,

saved. 2. Let times be ever so good, if you

are slothful, you will be in want : but let Pierced with a sharp remorse for guilt,

times be ever so bad, if you are diligent in Disdains the costly poverty of hecatombs,

the performance of duty, you will prosper. And offers the best sacrifice-itself.

3. The reptile, in human form, should be Blest tears of soul-felt-penitence!

avoided with great care. 4. If the sun is to In whose benign, redeeming flow

be seen by its own light, must not the truth

be seen in like manner? The soundlest ar Is felt the first,—the only sense

gument will produce no more conviction in Of guiltless joythat guilt can know.

an empty head, than the most superficial de Go, maiden, weep-the tears of woe,

lamation; as a feather and a guinea will fa. By beauty-to repentance given,

with equal velocity, in a vacuum. 5. As Though bitterly-on earth they flow,

light-has no color, water--no taste, and

air-no odur, so, knowledge should be equal Shall turn to fragrant balm-in Heaven!

ly pure, and without admixture. 6. We 538, SECURITY-diminishes the passions; the should have a glorious contlagration, if all, mind, when left to itself, immediately languishes; who cannot put fire into their books, would and, in order to preserve its ardor, must be every consent to put their books into the fire. 7. moment supported by a new flow of passion. For The union of truth and goodness-is like the same reason, despair, though contrary to secu- that of water and fire, which nothing can rity, has a like influence.

resist.

As up the tower of knowledge slow we rise, ty, puts on the aspect of cheerfulness, and some

How wide and fair the opening prospect lies! times a kind of simple laughter.--and the tone of

But while the view expands, the path grows steeper, voice is sprightly. With contempt or disgust, it casts a look asquint from time to time, at the ob

The steps more slippery, and the chas.n 's deeper : ject, and quits the cheerful aspect, for one mixed Then why climb on? Not for the prospect's beauty, between an affected grin and sourness : the upper Not for the triumph, but because 'tis duty. lip is drawn up with a smile of disdain: the arms sometimes set a-kimbo on the hips, and the What thing is love, which naught can countervail! right hand now and then thrown out towards the Naught save itself, evin such a thing is love. object, as if they were going to strike one a back- And worldly wealth ir. worth as far doth fail, handed blow; voice rather loud, arch and mean

As lowest earth doth yield 10 heav'n above. ing; sentences short, expressions satirical, with

Divine is love, and scorneth worldly pelf, mock-praise occasionally intermixed.

And can be bought with nothing but with self. You have done that, which you should be sorry for.

We see but half the causes of our deeds, There is no terror, Cassius, in your threats ;

Seeking them wholly in the outer life, For I am arm'd so strong in honesty,

And heedless of the encircling spirit-world, That they pass by me as the idle wind,

Which, tho' unseen, is felt, and sows in us
Which I respect not. I did send to you,
For certain sums of gold, which you denied me;

All gems of pure, and world-wide purposes For I can raise no money by vile means.

O fortune! thou canst not divide, No-Cassius, I had rather coin my heart,

Our bodies so, but that our hearts are tigris And drop my blood for drachmas, than to wring

And we can love by letters still, and gifts, From the hard hands of peasants, their vile trash,

And dreams.. . . mere p rietenirhat By any indirection. I did send

It is in vain, that we would coldly gazem , To you for gold-to pay my legions;

On such as smile upon us; the heart-must Which you denied me; was that done, like Cassius?! Leap kindly back-to kindness.com.tr

5. As

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