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ble happiness as forms the vain vision of they will not readily give way to any dissome to whom the world is utterly unknown. tressful forebodings. And, in joy or in sorThey know our two friends know that row, nothing possible to man will ever, in for trouble, for sorrow, even, they must from heart or spirit, pluck them asunder one from time to time, be prepared. But this we another. They are no more two, but one. may safely say of them, that the troubles And alone, whatever betide them in life, which, as told in our story, have been given they never can truly be. The love, which them to bear, have served to fortify them rose into being one April Sunday at Minchagainst any common sorrow, which may, ley will abide unbroken for ever; not to from time to time, rise up to vex their spirits. perish out of existence — even when the Certainly, there is little cause for supposing common doom overtakes them, and the days that the trials to come will approach in of their years be themselves like a tale that painfulness the trials which have gone; and, is told. having surmounted and survived so much,
CARDINAL Cullen, in his Lenten pastoral, struction of the Russian-American Telegraph ; inveighs against novel reading, " the danger- in fact on many maps the Yukon was traced as ous amusements of the theatre," and "those an affluent of an imaginary river emptying into improper and immodest dances unworthy of the Arctic Ocean, but explorations have deterany Christian Society.” The Cardinal regards mined the great geographical face which places waltzing with horror and the opera with detes- the Knitchpek at the head of all rivers on the tation, and yet, curious enough, when the Ital. northwest coast, and giving Russian America ian company pays its periodical visit to Dublin the largest river north of 49 degrees. his Eminence permits them to sing in his metropolitan church, so that his fair parishioners LESSING.— Since Luther, Germany has given who have courage enough to go and hear Mo- birth to no such intellectual athlete – to no son zart's “ Don Giovanni” on Saturday night may so German to the core. Greater poets she has hear the same artists in Mozart's No. 12 on had, but no greater writer, no nature more Sunday afternoon. Of course it would not do finely tempered. Nay, may we not say that to let the devil have the best of music, but if great character is as rare a thing as great gethe Cardinal permits the ceremonies of his nius, if it be not even a nobler form of it? For Church to be aided by a theatrical company it surely it is easier to embody fine thinking, or is rather hard to abuse the play house in which delicate sentiment, or lofty aspiration, in a their living is obtained. London Review. book than in a life. The written leaf, if it be
as some few are, a safe-keeper and conductor of A Long RIVER IN RUSSIAN AMERICA. - celestial fire, is secure. Poverty cannot pinch, The largest, most important, and the chief and passion swerve, or trial shake it. But the man queen of all the rivers west of the Rocky Moun. Lessing, harassed and striving life-long, always tains, and north of 49 degrees north latitude, poor and always helpful, with no patron but is the great Knitchpek, which enters into Behr- his own right hand, the very shuttlecock of foring's Sea, between 64 and 65 degrees north lati- tune, who saw ruin's ploughshare drive through tude, by several mouths, and on the parallel of the hearth on which his first home-fire was 165 degrees west longitude. This great river hardly kindled, and who, through all, was faith-' has an easterly course for some five degrees, ful to himself, to his friend, to his duty, and to then bends abruptly to the north some four de his ideal, is something more inspiring for us grees, thence nearly east to a peint not far dis- than the most glorious utterance of merely intant from the British frontier, where it receives tellectual power. The figure of Goetlie is the Porcupine or Rat River, from the north- grand, it is rightfully preëminent, it has someeast, and the Yukon from the southeast; the thing of the calm, and something of the coldjunction of these two rivers forms the Knitch-ness, of the immortals ; but the Valhalla of pek; it is navigable to the sea, a distance of one German letters can show one form, in its simple thousand miles, by steamboats. This river had manhood, statelier even than his.- North never been seen by white men in its whole American Review. course previous to explorations for the con.
From the Philadelphia Press.
notices of a new edition of that story, the
newspaper critics of New York and Boston DICKENS'S DEALINGS WITH AMERICANS. rarely said more than that it bad
New designs were also made by Mr. MR. CHARLES Dickens has always been McLenan for “Great Expectations, and loud in his complaints against what he calls paid for on the same liberal scale. the “piracy” of American publishers. We After Harper & Brothers had got their see it announced in the New York Tribune money's worth out of Mr. Dickens's succesthat, when Ticknor & Fields issued the first sive works, by issuing them in the manner number of their Diamond edition of Dick- | above mentioned, they transferred the enons, they sent him two hundred pounds, in gravings and their interest in the works, to order that he should share the profits, and T. B. Peterson & Brothers of this city, who that Mr. Dickens wrote back, saying, “ I shared their payments to Mr. Dickens anci think you know how high and far beyond the cost of engraving the illustrations bere. the money's worth I esteem this act of man- It is well known that, in this manner, Messrs. hood, delicacy, and honor. I have never Peterson have acquired a possession, which derived greater pleasure from the receipt was generally accepted, until lately, as of money in all my life.”. No doubt, he was equivalent to copyright, of Dickens, and, unsurprised as well as pleased at receiving der this they have published various edi£200, which he had not bargained for, but tions. the above statement, and particularly the Mr. Dickens, who is overcome with the quotation from the letter, might convey the greater pleasure ” of a £200 gift, knew idea that it was an unusual thing for Mr. how to drive a pretty hard bargain with Dickens to receive money from the United Harper & Brothers, and (through them) States on account of his writings.
with T. B. Peterson. He has received Such an impression would be entirely many thousand pounds, in gold, for advanceerroneous, for Mr. Dickens has derived a sheets. Not having access to Messrs. Harconsiderable part of his income from monies pers' books, we cannot name the exact paid him for advance sheets of his various amount, but happen to know that, for his works. A long time ago Harper Brothers last three books alone, he was paid £3,250, of New York, desirous of securing and re-in gold.
he received were taining in their own hands the exclusive £1,000 for“ A Tale of Two Cities.” £1,250 for sale of his works, have paid him large sums “ Great Expectations," and £1,000 for “ Our for each as it appeared. Since the first Mutual Friend.” At the average price of gold issue of Harpers' Magazine, and, subsequent- wbile these three works were paid for, and ly of Harpers' Weekly, each new work by at the rate of exchange, the sum disbursed Dickens has been published in these periodi- to Mr. Dickens, for these alone, was over cals, by special arrangement with the $24,000 in greenbacks, and we dare say, author, almost simultaneously with their the various sums remitted to him, for adappearance in London. Impressions of the vance-sheets only; by Harpers and Peterillustrations, chiefly on steel, were sent over sons, from first to last, will be found, when here with the advance sheets, and put in added up, to make a total of over $60,000. the hands of good artists, who copied and But any one reading his letter would natreproduced them on wood. In the instance urally fancy that the £200 sent him from of“ A Tale of Two Cities,” which appeared Boston was all that he had ever received in London without any illustrations, Har- from American publishers. The sum of per & Brothers, had sixty-four original de. £3,250, in hard cash, for advance-sheets of signs made for that work and engraved on his three latest works, tells a very different wood, at a cost of $2,000. Yet, in recent story,
From The London Review, 30 March.
direction its waters flow. If he found the
lake draining towards the south, it would DR. LIVINGSTONE.
be evident that it could have no connection
with the Nile; but if he discovered it flowIt has been well said that if we combine ing towards the north, there would then be Moffatt with Mungo Park, the result would no doubt of its being the source of that resemble David Livingstone. In him we river. But while the most sanguine hopes have seen the zeal of the Christian mission were entertained that success would crown ary united with the ardour of the explorer ; his labours, we have received the appalling and for a period of nearly thirty years he intelligence that the gallant explorer has has traversed the African continent with been added to the number of brave men who his Bible in one hand and his rifle in the have fallen victims to African savagery. other. The great aim of his life has been All hope that Dr. Livingstone is yet alive to open up the interior of Africa to com- and vigorously exploring the interior is not, merce, civilization, and religion; though the however, altogether lost, though the prosdifficulties of his mission must have been pect of his ever returning is gloomy in the almost insuperable. In accomplishing the extreme. The report of his death was Herculean task which he thus devised, he brought to Zanzibar in December last by has made remarkable additions to our geo nine Johanna men, who had been employed graphical knowledge of the continent; he on the expedition as baggage porters. Their has discovered vast inland seas, chains of story was plausible enough, though great mountains, and a waterfall which dwarfs doubts have since been cast on their veraNiagara. The last expedition which he un- city. The party is stated to have left the dertook was one which, if successful, would western shore of the Nyassa, and entered a have been a worthy coup de grace to the district haunted by the Mazite, a tribe of exploits of such a man. He was deputed wandering Zulus. Dr. Livingstone's escort by the Royal Geographical Society to solve was reduced to twenty by deaths, deserthe great problem of geography – Nili tions, and dismissals. As they approached quærere caput and thus to settle the acri- the scene of the asserted tragedy, the Docmonious dispute which occurred between tor, as usual, led the way, his body-guard Captain Burton and Captain Speke. In of a few faithful negroes followed, while his the year 1858, Burton and Speke discovered Johanna porters were far in the rear. SudLake Tanganyika, which the former de- denly, a band of the Mazite appeared, and clared probably flowed northward, and was instantly came on to the attack. Ali Moosa, thus the real head of the Nile. Speke, on the chief of the porters, who tells the story, the contrary, maintained that his Victoria says that as the Mazite came on with a rush, N'yanza was the source of that river, and Dr. Livingstone fired, and killed two of his expressed his opinion that the Tanganyika savage assailants; his boys also fired, but drained towards the south. The altitude of did no execution. In the mean time Moosa the latter lake they determined to be 1,844 bad nearly come up with them, and concealfeet; but if this be correct, it is absolutely ing himself behind a tree was about to fire, impossible, judging from the altitudes deter- when Dr. Livingstone was struck down by mined by Sir Samuel Baker, that it can a blow from an axe, which came from behave any connection whatever with the hind, and nearly decapitated bim. Seeing Nilc. The altitudes of Burton and Speke his leader fall, Moosa did not then betray were, however, fixed by means of a very himself by firing, but fled along the path he imperfect instrument, and no reliance could had come. His Johanna friends threw down evidently be placed on their correctness. their loads and fled with him into the deeper To decide the dispute, it therefore became forest, where they concealed themselves. necessary to send out an expedition to de- As night came on, they crept from their termine the watershed of that part of Cen- hiding-place and sought their baggage, but tral Africa; and it was on this splendid en- it was gone. They then stole towards the spot terprise that Dr. Livingstone was de- where Dr. Livingstone lay dead. In front spatched, with earnest hopes for his success. of him were the Mazite whom he had killed, The plan laid out for his expedition was to while four or five of his faithful boys were ascend the Rovuma river, to examine the scattered about their leader's corpse. A northern end of bis own Lake Nyassa, to grave was dug, the body was buried, and explore the country between that and the the Johanna men made their way back to Tanganyika, and on arriving at the latter the coast, whence they were sent on to Zanlake, to build boats and proceed to its north- zibar. These are the chief features of the ern end, so as to discover really in what sad story, which, if true, will create a pro
found sensation of regret wherever it is read. considerations buoy us with some hope that On the receipt of this mournful intelligence, Dr. Livingstone has not at this time met Dr. Seward, our acting consul at Zanzibar, the tragic end that has before been reported and Dr. Kirk, the vice-consul, who accom- of him, but that he is even now prosecuting panied Dr. Livingstone on his Zambesi ex- his task in the interior, if he be not actually pedition, proceeded to Quiloa, a port on the on the Tanganyika. Should he be alive, main land, in order to institute inquiries some months most necessarily elapse before among the Nyassa traders, whereby the we can hear from him, unless some chance truth might, if possible, be elicited. Arab trader should be passing on his way
The result of these inquiries, and the evi- to the coast. Until we have stronger condence of travellers both at home and abroad firmatory evidence of his death, we will not who are acquainted with the Johanna peo chant the requiem over this brave explorer, ple, afford us those rays of hope to which whom report has more than once killed bewe still cling. Dr. Seward says that the fore. information he has obtained tends to throw We must confess, however, that the probdiscredit on the entire story. The Nyassa abilities are against our bopes. Dr. Kirk, traders express their belief that when Dr. the companion of Livingstone, does not conLivingstone was about to enter what was ceal his belief in the story which the Johanknown to be a Mazite-haunted country, the na men have told him. There is no man who nine Johanna men deserted him, and invent- is more thoroughly acquainted with their peed the story of his murder to screen them- culiar characteristics, or whose sagacity selves from punishment, and to obtain sym- would be less likely to be deceived by any pathy from the people on the coast. Moosa, of Moosa's fabrications. He had, moreover, who is rather more intelligent than the ma- the acquaintance of Moosa on the Zambesi jority of his race, is well known to some of expedition, and would not fail to make due the members of the Zambesi expedition, to allowance for a certain extravagance of which he and some of his friends were at statement. He knew, besides, what a sentached. We believe that all who have ever sation a report of_Dr. Livingstone's death come in contact with these Johanna people would create in England, and would cerunite in describing them as infamous liars, tainly hesitate before he became the meon whose word no reliance whatever can be dium of its transmission if he were not conplaced, while Moosa bimself — who says he vinced of its correctness. His subsequent saw Dr. Livingstone fall – is described as investigations only appear to have confirmthe “prince of liars." His superior intelli- ed his worst fears, and bis opinions are gence only assists the lying propensities of shared by Sir Samuel Baker, Úr. Baines, his nature to a more cunning application, and other eminent men who are qualified to though he does not always escape detection. express themselves on the subject. The MaIt is, therefore, obvious that we should hes- zite are a savage tribe who wander about in itate before we give up Dr. Livingstone for the part of Africa indicated as the scene of dead simply on the evidence of these Jo- Dr. Livingstone's murder, and make it a hanna people. They all agree in stating practice to slaughter everything that comes that the Doctor was killed by a single gash in their way, to maintain the terror of their across the neck, and that they buried him; name. The Doctor came in contact with but there are glaring inconsistencies in them on the Shire, and in the fray some of other parts of their story. It is by no means them were killed. This they would not be improbable that on this occasion they may likely to forget, but would take the first ophave exhibited a weakness for which they portunity of getting revenge. Dr. Living, have credit – viz., that of deserting their stone was also known to be a strenuous and leader and inventing a story about his death. determined opponent to the slave trade, and This story once coined, it is usually repeated had probably excited the hatred and hostility around the camp-fires at night until each has of the tribe engaged in that nefarious traffic. learnt it by heart, and thus uniformity is These influences acting on their own savage secured in the tale which each may be called natures would be quite sufficient to induce upon to tell. If, as they assert, Dr. Living- the Mazite to attack and murder him whenstone is really dead, why, it is asked, did ever they had the chance of doing so. they not bring back some relic which should A great deal of nonsense will undoubtedly authenticate their statement ? And as they be written with reference to this unhappy assert that some of the Doctor's faithful ne- report, and a remark has already appeared groes also escaped, why have they not found in print which ought to be noticed. It has their way to the coast, as well as the Jo- been said that Dr. Livingstone's death by hanna people, to confirm the tale? These the blow of an axe is highly improbable,
since the tribes of Southern Africa do not menace either to Holland, to Belgium, or
be true of some of the to France, — would, in fact, have been savages inhabiting the southern portion of scarcely noticed, except by the Dutch, hapthe continent, but not of all ; and those who py to be relieved of their Sovereign's are stated to have killed Dr. Livingstone Schleswig-Holstein. It is probable, therecarry a weapon of the kind which would fore, that the Emperor commenced the neeasily kill a man in the manner described. gotiation; but be that as it may, it was com
At present, as we have shown, the chan. menced and was carried to a conclusion as ces are against Dr. Livingstone's return, and far as Holland was concerned. The Kingthe rays of hope are very faint. Yet, as Sir Duke agreed to sell his rights and the EmRoderick Murchison insists, those rays are not peror agreed to buy them, and all that realtogether gone, and may possibly brighten mained was to persuade the Luxemburgers into reality. If such should happily be the to vote for annexation and to obtain the case, the whole civilized world will rejoice assent of the Prussian Court. The Luxemat his safety ; but if the brave explorer has burgers, though Germans by race and lanreally fallen a martyr to African research, guage, are Catholic.by creed, and what with there will be few who will deny that, of all the priests and the merchants, the hope of who have penetrated the wilds of that savage Catholic education and the certainty of free land, it may well be said of Livingstone as trade with France, they might not have Macaulay said of Chatham, “F'w have proved quite so inexorable as they believe left a more stainless, and none a more splen- themselves to be. At Berlin, again, the did name.”
Emperor, for some inexplicable reason, appears to have hoped for succt ss.' He cannot, indeed, exactly believe what he makes the Moniteur say, that on the dissolution of the Germanic Confederation Luxemburg
became the absolute property of the House From the Spectator, 6 April.
of Orange, for he knew that its capital was
garrisoned by Prussians, who, whether as LUXEMBURG.
reversionary heirs of the Bund, or as invad
ders, or as allies acting under the Treaties of There is a scent of danger in this Luxem- 1815, had, at all events, some rights. As a burg business. The demi-official accounts are matter of strict legality, we believe Prussia still not entirely in accord, but none of has a right, under a still existent treaty bethem tend to diminish the gravity of the tween her and Holland, to garrison the situation. It appears to be quite certain fortress as a German outpost; but, at all that the Emperor of the French, who is events, there she is, and garrisons cannot aware that every enlargement of their fron- be withdrawn without orders from the tier is acceptable to Frenchmen, and who States they represent. Still the Emperor, three years ago bought Mentonè from its who always hears soothing things from the Sovereign, the Duc de Valentinois, Prince Prussian Ambassador in Paris, may have de Monaco, or whatever the heir of the imagined that Prussia would not contend Grimaldis calls himself, agreed to buy the for a territory so small, would, at all events, Grand Duchy of Luxemburg from its leave the matter to be decided by a popuGrand Duke, the King of Holland, for four lar vote. He forgot, it would almost seem, millions sterling. Whether the transaction the special position of Prussia, as chief of a commenced with an offer from the King- federation. Luxemburg, whether within Duke, who has dissipated his share of the the new Confederation or not, is clearly vast private fortune accumulated by his German, as German as Bavaria, which also predecessor out of his colonial monopolies, is outside the new pale, and to allow its cesor with the Emperor himself, is still un- sion to a non-German power would be a faknown, but the latter is the most probable. tal precedent. Bavaria might one day sell The natural course for the King-Duke was the Palatinate, or Hesse its Trans-Rhenan to ofter his property to Germany. Prussia, districts, and Prussia would have no moral he must have known, would have bought ground for arresting a cession which would the Ducby, as Count von Bismarck acknow- destroy its moral claim to supremacy as ledged, and such a sale would have created avowed Protector of the whole German no outcry and opened no loophole for the race. There is not the slightest evidence interference of Europe. Luxemburg be- that Count von Bismarck, unscrupulous and longed to the old Bund, and its inclusion despotic as he may be, is not as German as within the new one would have involved no the most learned Professor of Heidelberg or