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to portion out the Decalogue. The sixth

From Il Diritto – Forence, Feb. 24th. and seventh commandments would of course have many candidates, but the eighth is also FRANCE, ITALY, AND THE POPE. convenient as bringing in scenes at police courts, and without the ninth a plot could AFTER the withdrawal of the French not be woven. The costermonger of the troops from Rome the Roman question has Star might covet his neighbour's ass. In been considered in Italy with much greater this way all ranks of life would be repre- calmness than formerly, and this is easily sented, and the joint-stock novel would be explained by many reasons. complete in all its branches.

We do not wish now to provoke an agitaWe quite admit that this perfection may tion which we should think inopportune and be unnecessary for Lady Caroline's present dangerous in so far as it might make people readers. They are contented with much suppose that Italy is not disposed to maintain less, and are spoiled by that little. We see her treaty engagements. But, on the other by turning to the “notices to correspond- hand, it would not be less perilous to allow ents” what it is they desire. Corrie, a an illusion to continue which others enbrunette, aged twenty-two, of good family, deavour to keep up, and which consists in but without money, would like to marry a believing that France, having retired from military officer with a respectable income. Rome, has grown quite disinterested in the Mabel May, who is eighteen, very pretty, Roman question, and disposed to allow the being fair, with brown hair and blue eyes, temporal power of the Pope to fall, when and also respectably connected and accom- this may happen without the violation of plished, thinks she deserves tồ be married treaties on the part of the Italian Governto a fine, tall gentleman with plenty of ment. money.

Annie who is twenty-six, hand- It is all the more necessary to combat some, cheerful, and highly educated, wants this allusion, because the Roman question to be married to a gentleman with not less still remaining the first and most important than £300 a year. Daisy and Bessy are of our political questions, which sooner or both twenty-two and good looking, the for- later must be settled in the national sense, mer is fond of singing and the latter has it is proper that the electors at the time wavy brown hair. Such is lady Caroline's when they are about to choose their

reprepublic. We can see that the brains of such sentatives in Parliament should have a just girls must be very easily turned. The idea of the state of the question, in order to military officers, the fine, tall gentlemen use it as a guide in their choice. with plenty of money, the curates in full Now, whoever does not wish to obstinately orders with dark curly hair, are all taken shut his eyes to the light must admit that bodily out of the novels which fill the other France has not only not grown disinterested pages of the paper. These poor girls, in the Roman question, but now more than alone sitting on the shores of old romance,'

ever considers herself the special protectress are neglecting their daily duties and pass of the temporal power of the Pope, whose ing by the best opportunities, because they preservation she wishes for at any price. are taught by Lady Caroline & Co. that The speech of Napoleon III. at the openthe earth is full of handsome young men ing of the Corps Législatif ought to have with good incomes, who will marry them been sufficient to remove all donbt as to privately. A sort of semi-Mormonism is this. The " Blue Book,” the principal part inculcated by the universal prevalence of of which we have published, gives a fresh bigamy in sensation novels. We seem to confirmation of the precise and explicit decbe on a journey to a new colony of St. Ives, laration of the Imperial Speech ; and, lastly, on Salt Lake principles. Every husband the “ Yellow Book " explains and confirms has two wives, every wife has two lovers, the other two documents. every lover has two mistresses, every mis- The despatch of M. Moustier to M. Sartitress has two masters; masters, mistresses, ges, bearing the date of 11th of December, lovers, wives, how many go to a house at begins with the declaration that the EmperSt. Ives ? For an answer to this riddle we or bas always wished for the independence must refer to the works of Miss Braddon. of Italy, and the independence of the Holy

See, and that the independence of the Kingdom of Italy, having been contituted the principal object of France, ought to be henceforth the consolidation of the Papal Power; and it ends with the formal assurance given to the Pontiff, that France having

MR. J. G. BENNET, JUN., AND PRINCE ALFRED. 127 withdrawn her troops has by no means to bring about a reconciliation between the abandoned the great interests protected by two States, but that the French Governher for seventeen years.

ment does not, however, wish to admit the The other despatches which we find in supposition that the two States sooner “ The Yellow Book” relative to the Roman or later may become one. question, and which we have not space to After the Convention of the 15th of Septreproduce now, are all conceived in the ember, France ought, with respect to the same spirit.

Roman question, to be in the position in From the 15th of October M. Moustier which all the other Powers are, without declares to the French Minister at Florence any special pretension or right; she ought that, peace having been concluded between to respect the principle of non-intervention, Austria and Italy, the relations between the leaving the question (provided treaties are latter and the Holy See must take the first reopened) to be settled by the parties interplace in the preoccupations of France. He ested. On the contrary, the Roman quesexplains afterwards in what way France tion continues to be treated in Paris more considers the question, manifesting his de- than in Florence, or Rome. France consire that the Italian Government will re- tinues to interfere morally in our affairs, remain faithful to the letter and the spirit of serving the right, if need be, of interfering the September treaty, opposing irresistible by force. arguments against those who would advise Such is the true state of the question, and it to obtain territorial aggrandisement.” the electors ought not to forget it, all the

From “ The Blue Book” we learn, more- more when the Government endures with over, that the renewal of negotiations with such singular complacency this usurpation the Roman Court, interrupted since the of the national rights. Vegezzi mission, was owing to the initiative of France. In another despatch of the 15th of October, 1866, the Marquis de Moustier writes to Baron Mellaret, " We have been much displeased to see the negotiations

From the London Review, commenced by Signor Vegezzi with Rome interrupted last year. Could not their re

MR. JAMES GORDON BENNET, JUN., AND newal be brought about by sending a fresh

PRINCE ALFRED. negotiation to Rome ? On the 23rd of October the French rep

MR. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, JUN., is resentative in Rome wrote to the Marquis decidedly a greater man than Columbus. de Moustier that in a conversation he had The latter only partially discovered the had with Pius IX., the latter had declared greatness of America, but Mr. Bennett has himself ready to receive an Italian negotia- at once found the weak point of England. tor.

One was dubiously received by savages, the And it is to be remarked that soon after other welcomed by princes of royal blood. wards Signor Tonello was intrusted with the There is a story that the American Governnegotiations.

ment once proposed to fit out an expedition We must lastly — leaving unnoticed less for purposes of discovery in the Mediterraimportant ones draw attention to a des- nean. But Mr. Bennett, jun., has done patch of the French Minister in Rome, to more than his Government. He has exthe Marquis de Moustier, dated 5th of Feb- plored the Solent and the Southampton ruary.

Water, and discovered_houses which have In this despatch Count Sartiges informs never been open to Englisbmen, however the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the ver- deserving. Honours formerly used to be bal adhesion of Cardinal Antonelli to the gained by saving lives, but now they appear renewal of the negotiations with France, for to be won by losing them. The great St. the conclusion of a commercial treaty. Bennet is famous for walking on the water Count Sartiges expresses the hope that the to save a child's life, but Mr. J. G. Bennett's conclusion of this treaty may lead to simi- fame is mixed up with the drowning of six lar agreements between the Court of Rome men. We have no wish to disparage the and the Italian Government, so that the re- late American yacht race, but the lamentalations of the two States may always get ble loss of life on board the Fleetwing sadly better.

dims the brightness of the achievement. In short, from every sentence of the Such a race, however, is in every way preFrench diplomatic documents, it appears ferable to the steeple-chases and flat races that France is making every possible effort which are now the rage in England. Such 128 MR. J. G. BENNET, JUN., AND PRINCE ALFRED. a trial of skill must bring out some of the and his publisher's fortune. Chapter III. finest qualities in our nature. Yet do not would be headed, " Mr. James Gordon Benlet us make too much of the affair. The nett, jun., in his Study.” And here the annual race between the tea ships is, from novelist would find the materials all ready every point of view, a much greater test of to hand. For we are bound to say that no seamanship, and its results of far greater novelist could possibly hope to improve upon practical benefit. Yet we do not remember Mr. Bennett's style of letter-writing. There to have heard that the captain of the win- is only one fault we can discover — that it ning ship had ever been fèted by noblemen. appears that Mr. Bennett, long before he and princes. Nor must we, as a contempo- had enjoyed the hospitality of which he rary has well observed, be led away by the speaks, had determined to make his yacht a apparent smallness of the tonnage of the present to Prince Alfred, yet wished also to three American yachts. Two hundred tons make it an acknowledgment of that hospiby American tonnage amount to nearly tality. This is certainly a happy way of three hundred by English measurement. bringing down two birds with one stone. Lastly, the Yachts were specially fitted out Chapter IV. would, of course, be,“ Prince for the voyage. It is well to turn back a A in his study.” Here, too, the novelpage or two of history, and to remember the ist would find all the materials ready.at three poor ill-fitted tubs with which Colum- hand. Next to dialogue, letter-writing is bus sailed from Palos, all three of them to the most difficult part of a novel. We shall gether, probably, not amounting to the ton- not, indeed, here say a word about the nage of the Henrietta. Pluck has been Prince's composition, for the critic is lost in shown a hundred times greater than Mr. the patriot. The concluding chapter and Bennett’s, but it has certainly never met dénouement would be entitled, “Mr. James with so handsome a recognition. However Gordon Bennett's Feelings.” Over them, our business just now is not with the race however, we shall draw a veil. itself. We readily take for granted all that The whole affair is so pre-eminently rihas been said about the sea-going qualities diculous, that it simply deserves to be of the Henrietta, and believe that, like the laughed at. Yet some of the traits of Ameri“ chocolat Menier,” she “defies all honest I can character which peep out are so charcompetition." Our concern is with the acteristic, that we think it worth while to wonderful correspondence which has taken notice them. The grounds upon which Mr. place between Mr. Bennett and Prince Al- Bennett determined to make his yacht a fred. It reads more like the letters in some present to Prince Alfred are nowhere stated wild romance. In fact, a romance might exceptin the after-thought about hospitality. be constructed out of them. The chapters, Prince Alfred seems to be in luck's way. in fact, arrange themselves. Their head- The Greeks, or somebody, offered him not ings would probably stand somewhat in this long ago a crown. There may have been fashion. Chapter I. would be, “ The Hen- some valid reason for this. But why Mr. rietta Laying-to in the Mid-Atlantic.” Here Bennett should offer him a yacht seems in. the novelist would be able to paint the reg: explicable. Certainly people do strange ular storm-scene, without which no novel is things. A man not long ago left somenow perfect, and in the midst of it, Mr. where near a quarter of a million to the James Gordon Bennett calmly pacing the Queen. Persons, however, will put their deck and resolving in his mind to make a own construction on the offer of a present present of his yacht to Prince Alfred, " In which could by no possibility be accepted. case he should win the ocean race." Chap. But the truly ridiculous part of the matter ter II. would, of course, be headed, “ A is the publication of the letters. They were Little Dinner at Lord Lennox's.” Here actually, we believe, sent to America by would be an opportunity for the novelist to electric telegraph. Not even the Henrietta show his knowledge of aristocratic life. We herself could sail fast enough with so predo not remember to have read any novel in cious a freight. Nothing, we should say, which a real live prince figures. Such an but vanity could prompt their publication. addition to the ordinary stock of characters Vanity, in our opinion, is at the beginning, would certainly make any author's fame middle, and end of the whole affair.

No. 1194. Fourth Series, No. 55. 20 April, 1867.

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POETRY : Nemesis, 130. Subjects of Song, 130. Artemus Ward, 177.

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SPEECH OF RICHARD H. DANA, JR., ON THE Usury Laws — in the House of Representa

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NEMESIS.

THE SUBJECTS OF SONG.

[“ This Bill is in a state of crisis and of peril, On, Muleteer! – my Muleteer !-- you haunt and the Government along with it. We stand

me in my slumber or fall with it, as has been declared by my noble Through ballads (oh, so many !) and through friend Lord Russell. We stand with it now; we may fall with it a short time hence. If we

songs (oh, such a number!); do so fall, we, or others in our places, shall rise You scale the Guadarrama — you infest the with it hereafter. I shall not attempt to meas- Pyrenees, ure with precision the forces that are to be ar- And trot through comic operas in four-and rayed against us in the coming issue. Perhaps

twenty keys. the great division of to-night is not to be the I hum of you, and whistle too; I vainly try to last, but only the first of a series of divisions. At some point of the contest you may possibly the million airs that you pervade in English,

banish succeed. You may drive us ftom our seats. You may slay, you may bury, the measure that French, and Spanish. we have introduced. But we will write upon I hold your dark Pepitas and your mules imits gravestone for an epitaph this line, with cer

mensely dear, tain confidence in its fulfilment :

But you begin to bore me, oh, eternal Mule

teer! *Exoriare aliquis nostris ex ossibus ultor.'

You cannot fight against the future. Time is on our side. The great social forces which Oh, Gondolier ! — my Gondolier ! - pray quit move onwards in their might and majesty, and the Adriatic; which the tumult of these debates does not for a That cold lagoon will make me soon incurably moment impede or disturb, those great social

asthmatic. forces are against you; they work with us, they are marshalled in our support. And the ban- Enough of barcarolling when the moon is in the ner which we now carry in the fight, though

skies ; perhaps, at some moment of the struggle, it I'm sick of the Rialto, and I hate the Bridge of may droop over our sinking heads, yet will float

Sighs. again in the eye of Heaven, and will be borne Your craft may suit, on summer nights, the by the firm hands of the united people of the Three Kingdoms, perhaps not to an easy, but to

songster or the dreamer; a certain and to a not distant victory.

Mr. But, both for speed and elegance, give me the Gladstone's Speech on the Second Reading of

penny steamer. Last Year's Reform Bill.]

Your city is romantic, but your songs begin, I

fear, Nor vain the word ; the wheel has come full To pall upon me sadly, oh, eternal Gondolier!

round; And Time, the Avenger, makes his work

complete ; Disorder, quailing, see thy foes retreat

Oh, Cavalier ! - my Cavalier! For ages and From each high fortress of their vantage-ground. They look for guidance, and no guide is You'vo glared upon me darkly out of scores of found;

title-pages : Divided counsels, terror, doubt, mistrust,

I've joined in all your battles, in your banquets, The wisdom of the serpent eating dust,

and your loves These fill each trumpet with uncertain sound.

(Including one occasion when you found a pair But thou, true Leader! patient, calm, and

of gloves): brave,

I've seen you kiss and ride away Still keep'st in check the falsehood of extremes ;

ardly behavior ! Thou wilt not rouse old discords from their But then, to damsels in distress I've seen you

act the saviour. grave To cloud the East where yet the day star You’re vastly entertaining ; but I fancy that gleams.

I hear Oh, let thy presence still be strong to save,

A deal too much about you, oh, eternal CavaAnd wake our Senate from bewildering dreams !

lier ! March 2, 1867.

E. H. P. - Temple Bar. HENRY S. LEIGH. - Spectator.

for ages

most cow

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