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ON THE LANGUAGE OF UNTU. that language corresponds to the degree of TORED MEN.
mental cultivation, is farther confirmed by
the style of the Old Testament, which is the Yet to such heights is all the plaipness wrought,"
most ancient composition in existence. Wit may admire, and letter'd pride be taught.
is stored with the boldest metaphors, and the
most poetical expressions. The figurative LANGUAGE participates of the passions and
descriptions, and the violent expressions of emotions which it describes. In the early
passion with which the writings of Ossian periods of society the human mind was al
abound, are proofs both of their antiquity, ternately agitated with violent emotions, or
and of the complexion of the character of depressed with sullen despondency: silence
the poet. The untaught Shakspeare is unis the usual attendant of the one, ardent,
rivalled in the sphere in which he moved. bold, and figurative language that of the other. Strong and bold language is neces. the excellence and the popularities of Burns
And to the same cause may be attributed sary to express violent seelings and impe
and Hogg, the two Scottish poets.“ tuous passions. The strong passions displayed in the uncultivated state of society, or among the rude and ignorant, have produced ANECDOTES OF THE INSANE. that lively and picturesque description, that a
A WRONG sensation does not constitute a person splendid and bold imagery with which the
insane. He may have “ double vision ;'songs and orations of ancient poets and
he may see two fingers, when only one is orators abound. The effusions of fancy, the sallies of the imagination, and the war
held up; yet he is not on that account insane.
Neither if a person see images-figures, of the passions, unchecked by the improve
spectres, is he insane, if he do not believe ment of reason, and the acquisition of know
their existence is real. Some persons see ledge.
images of objects which have no existence; The uncultivated nations carried on their
and they know that such things do not exist; public transactions, and mediated their trea
and therefore they are not insane. ties with greater pomp, and with bolder me
aware that it is a mere deception. Some taphors, than the moderns employ in their poetical compositions. A treaty of peace
see appearances of human beings, brutes, and between Great Britain and the five nations
various animals ; but they are perfectly aware of Canada, afford an instance of this kind,
that it is entirely the effect of disease. One which is expressed in the following lan
of the most remarkable instances of this des
cription occurred at Berlin; in the person of guage :-“ We are happy in having buried
a bookseller named Nicolai.' He saw, at under the ground the red axe that has 80 often been dyed with the blood of our bre
certain times, an immense number of living thren. Now in this manner we inter the
ohjects ; but he was aware that it was all the axe, and plant the tree of peace. We plant
effect of unhealthy excitement. He had gone a tree, whose tops will reach the sun, and its
through considerable mental application ; branches spread abroad, so that it shall be
and being aware that this was all a delusion, seen afar off. May its growth never be
he was no more insane for seeing them, than stified and choked ; but may it shade both
a person would be for thinking he saw two your country and ours with its leaves! Let
fingers, when you held up but one. " You ng muke fast his roots and extend them to know that Brutus and Socrates are said to the utmost of your colonies. If the enemy
have seen,—the one the shade of Cæsar, and
the other the “ familiar spirit," as he called shonld come to shake this tree, we would know it by the motion of its roots reaching
it; but if neither the one nor the other beinto our country. May the Great Spirit ala
rita lieved this, or if they merely believed it in low us to rest in tranquillity upon our mats,
our mate accordance with the belief of the day, they and never again dio up the axe to cut down were not mad; but if they knew better. and the tree of peace ! Let the earth be trode yet believed these things, then they were hard over it, where it lies buried. Let a deranged. But in a great number of cases of strong stream run under the pit, to wash insanity, you find an absurd belief. Persons the evil away out of our right and remem- may believe something so preposterous, that brance. The fire that has long burned in everybody will consider them mad for so Albany is extinguished. The blood that has doing. A case is recorded of a butcher, who bedewed the ground is washed clean away, armiy believed ne saw a leg of mutton hangand the tears are wiped from our eyes. We ing from his nose. He was certainly mad. now renew the covenant claim of friendship. Another is told of a baker, who fancied him. Let it be kept bright and clean as silver, and self butter ; and refused to go into the sunnot suffered to contract any rust. Let not shine, lest he should melt. A painter any one pull away his arm from it.” Such thought he was transformed into putty : and was the language in which these untutored that he could not walk without being com. nations expressed their national treaties. .
• Condensed from the forthcoming. Lectures of - The general principle formerly mentioned, Dr. Elliotsou, edited by Dr. Rogers.
pressed. Others have fancied themselves “ Went to the mad-house. Saw the man glass ; and would not sit down lest they
sit down lest they who thinks,-poor wretch l-that (while the Bend
Of discord here full riot rau) should crack. Luther furnished an instance He, like the rest, was guillotined ; of an absurd opinion of this description; for, But that when, under Borey's reign, though so able a man, he was mad on some (A more discreet, though quite as strong ope) points. He fancied himself possessed by the The heads were all restored again,
He, in the scramble, got a wrong oue.. devil,-as did also the Roinan Catholics ;
Accordingly, he still cries ont,-and that he heard him speak. In Hudibras
This strange head fits him most unpleasantly! there is the following couplet in reference to And always runs,-poor dev'l l-about, this circumstance :
Inquiring for his own iucessantly." • Did not the dev'l appear to Martin
Bishop Warburton, in a note to one of his Luther in Germany, for certain ?"
works, speaks of a person who thought he Luther, in his works, speaks of the devil was converted into a goose-pie. Pope, in his appearing to him frequently; and says he “ Rape of the Lock,” describes many of used to drive him away by scoffing and jeer- these fancies. He says, in giving a sketch ing ;-observing that the devil, being a proud of hypochondriacal persons, spirit, cannot bear to be contemned and “Uunumber'd throngs on every side are seen, . scoffed. Some popish writers affirmed that of bodies changed to various forms by spleen.
Here living tea-pots stand ; one arm held out, Luther was the offspring of “ an incubus,”—
One bent ;-the handle this, and that the spout. a kind of young devil; and that at length, A pipkin here, like Honier's tripod, walks ; when he died, he was strangled by the devil. Here sighs á jar, and there a goose-pie talks.” Dr. Ferriday, of Manchester, had a patient of
A man in the University of Oxford fancied the same persuasion as Luther. He fancied himself dead, and lay in bed, waiting for the he had swallowed the devil. Many persons tolling of the bell ; but not hearing it at the fancy that there are frogs and serpents time he expected, he fell into a violent pas. within thein ; and one wompan fancied that a sion, and ran and tolled it hiinself. He was whole regiment of soldiers was within her then spoken to on the absurdity of a dead One man fancied he was too large to go man tolling his own bell; and it is said that through a door-way; and on being pulled he returned, and was afterwards sound in his through he screamed, and fancied he was intellect. Simon Brown, a dissenting minis being lacerated; and actually died of the ter, wrote the best answer to Findal's work, fright. A woman fancied she had been entitled, “ Christianity as Old as the Crea. deid, and had been sent back to the world tion :" but, notwithstanding the great pow• without a heart, and was the most miserable ers of mind displayed in his work, he thought of God's creatures. At the Friends' “ Re- that, by the judgment of God, his rational treat," near York, one patient writes, “I soul had perished ; and that he had only have no soul. I have neither heart, liver, brute-life." He absolutely inserted this in the nor lyogs ; nor a drop of blood in my veins. dedication of his work to the Queen. This My bones are all burnt to a cinder, I have dedication, however, was afterwards supe no brain; and my head is sometimes as hard pressed. Baron Swedenborg, a very learned as iron, and soinetimes as soft as a pud. and able man, thought that he had had comding." Auother patient in the “ Retreat”.
munications with God for thirty years; and wrote the following verses in reference to this that he had been shown by the Almighty, hypochondriac:
the mysteries of nature. Many think he was " A miracle, my friends, come view !
right; but no one could have that idea with. A man (admit his own words true)
out insanity. It is similar to the case of the Who lives without a soul.
celebrated Pascal ; who, while he was workNor liver, längs, uor heart has he ;
ing the problem of the cycloid curve, with Yet sometimes cau as cheerful be As if he had the whole.
great powers of intellect, was tied (by his His head (take his own words along)
own desire) in a chair ; lest he should fall Now hard as iron, yet ere long
into a yawning gulf, which he imagined to be * Is soft as any jelly.
It is a singular fact, that the Gaelic is.
perhaps the only European language in which Ah, friends, pray help us, if you can!
there is no word to express sluvery : it has And make us each agaio a man; That we from heuce may go !"
no word synonymous to slave. The lowest
clans-man was of the blood of the chief, or One man, in the time of the first French was admitted to the same right as that the Revolution, thought he had not got his own lationship would have procured him. His head. He is described in Moore's “ Fudge attachment and obedience to the chief were Family at Paris," Mr. Fudge says ;
most devoted, but they were exalted by that
An kerana take
Of leisurat his any fuit ere lour along)
noble "spirit which the feeling of a commu. barriers. And yet their fun is peculiar pity in blood and in honour must always they have none of the lamp-breaking, inspire.
knocker-stealing, sign-destroying, pranks of
the English ; but at the public balls and Manners and Customs. fétes they shine pre-eminent. You may
soon know them, for they can be mistaken SKETCHES OF PARIS.
for nothing else. Look at these three com
ing arm-und-arm along the Rue de l'Ecole The Quartier Latin.
de Medicine. They are well dressed in their SITUATED on the unfashionable side of the way, but seem to have a sovereign contempt Seine, in the eleventh arrondissement, and for hats-caps are the reigning fashion of tho comprising in its limits the Rue St. Jacques, Quartier Latin. One has a scarlet waistcoat Rue de la Harpe, and the Rue l'Ecole de and lavender pantaloons; another has a cap Medicine, is the Quartier Latin. It is a of the sume bright colour, worn on the back part of Paris little known to the English of his head, and bagging down behind; and visitors. They approach its boundaries when the third has a garment something between they visit the Luxembourg, and penetrate into a blouse and a shooting-jacket, denominated its very heart at the Pantheon and Sorbonne, a paletot. All have pipes in their mouths, but beyond this they know no more of it. which they doggedly keep there, removing The aristocratical inhabitant of the Chassée them only to address some bright-eyed little D'Antin has heard of such a place, and that grisette, who happens to pass at the mois all; but he would be as great a stranger ment. Their long hair is well arranged, (for in its localities, and feel as much at ease, as they take out cachets with M. Etienne in a West End exquisite would among the stalls the same street,“ pour la coiffure ou la and sheds of the New Cut. And yet there barbe," at the rate of twelve tickets for two are things worth seeing there, and we would francs and a half,) and they all wear musmake bold to affirm that one-half of the pro- tachios, which meet their pointed beards like moters of the real gaiety of Paris reside the old portraits at Versailles and Windsor within its limits. Nor is sport the only mat. Castle. They are going to the Café Du. ter of interest to be found there ; for the puytren to have a glass of absinthe before student, there is the Sorbonne and its quiet dinner, and then we wager they will turn halls; for the sight-seeker, the Pantheon, with round the corner to dine at Viot's, or Rous. its àmbitious monuments and gloomy vaults, seau's, at the expense of one franc each, that even the torch starting from the tomb of including a sou for the waiter. Jean Jacques Rousseau cannot illumine; But it is not only the students that favour for the antiquary, the remains of the Roman the Quartier Latin with their patronage baths in the Rue de la Harpe, and their cu. the grisettes of Paris have likewise made it riously suspended floors; and for every their home. And what is a grisette ? Why, body, the venerable and highly interesting courteous reader, (as Francis Moore says,) Hotel de Cluny, with its ancient architecture we are almost as much puzzled as you would of the moyen age, its still bright armour, its be to explain, and yet we always know them curiously-fashioned windows breaking the when we meet them. Do you see that little sunbeams into one hundred different forms girl whom the student just bowed to-she is upon its oaken floors, and its almost affect- a grisette. She is about eighteen, small ing domestic relics of other days, recalling, figure, but perfectly shaped, with dark eyes, with mute eloquence, their owners, long since brown hair, and tolerably small feet. Her released from all care and passions, whose dress consists of a dark gown, fitting tight at very names even have passed away.
the arms, from the shoulder to the wrist, in But it is not about these edifices that we the style of Louis XV.; a striped shawl put wish to talk-the Quartier Latin derives its on in a style that only Frenchwomen can ac. interest to us from other sources—from the complish; a little apron, with pockets, and present instead of the past. In a word, it a pretty black net cap, with crimson ribbons. is the abode, the hive, perhaps, would be a She carries a little square basket, and an better term, leaving industry alone, of almost umbrella, and although the streets are very all the students of law and medicine in Paris. dirty, there is not a splash on her neat
Much has been written, and more promulchaussure. She is a brocheuse, i. e. she gated, about the medical students of London, makes up the paper.covered French books, and wild legends of harmonic meetings, and her pay is thirty sous a-day. She works half-and-half, gossamer hats, and unpaid hard all the week, and goes to the balls at lodgings, have been whispered in their praise the barriers on Sundays, Mondays, and or dishonour, (whichever you like,) but they Thursdays, in the evening, when she displays are nothing to their brethren of France. We å smarter dress than ordinary, and has, think it is very lucky that there is a quartier moreover, a pair of black net gloves. How for them, especially in Paris, or we do not all this is done out of thirty sous a-day, we suppose the walls of that city would contain do not ask-it is her business, not ours; but them, to say nothing of the iron gates at the we have met them at the markets in the morning, boxing certainly more provisions with its white eyeballs. Cheap restaurathan would suffice for their own meals; and teurs abound here also, where you can dine we have seen them walking in the gardens of at any price you like under thirty sous; we the Luxembourg with students of our ac- say under, for you would find a difficulty in quaintance, whose ménage we always thought eating more than you could purchase for particularly neat and well arranged; and we that sum, unless you had the stomach of have strong doubts as to whether these young M. Bikin, the Belgian giant of Franconi's, housekeepers do not sometimes look after who stands eight feet in his tinsel sandals, other domestic economy, besides their own. and fights twelve men at once. Eortune beMind, reader, we say we have only suspected friend him at the Adelphi-we have not seen it- no more.
him there, but we are sure he must resemble The respectable and sentimental old gen- the dwarfs in the little houses outside the tleman who journeyed to France with a pair shows at our fairs, which formerly, in the of silk culottes and the coat he had on, has innocence of our imagination, we believed to left us an account of his adventure with a be divided into parlours and bedrooms for grisette who looked him into buying a pair their wonderful occupant. If you prefer of gloves ; perhaps those of the present day eating at home, you can purchase cold fowls look their admirers into buying caps and in some of the shops, and sausages of every shawls for them-it is not improbable manufacture in the world. Lodgings are They are, moreover, very attractive, those also to be ebtained at low rates in the Quar. little grisettes; "elles sont si fraiches, si tier Latin, the price diminishing from twentygentille," as Paul de Kock says, and they five to ten francs a-month, as you ascend the waltz delightfully, to make no inention of stairs." in inverse proportion,” as we used galops and quadrilles.
to say of the radiation of caloric, when we But these are not the only characteristics studied Turner's Chemistry. The rooms are of the Quartier Latin. It is a greut resort always the same in appearance. A tiled of the Marchands d'habits, or old clothes. floor, a French bed, a good looking-glass, men, as we impolitely term them in Eugland. with drawers, secretary and table, all fur: One would think they have a great business nished with dark marble slabs, and sometimes amongst the students, since they possess an a vase of artificial flowers, or an alabaster astonishing prediliction for the streets about elock, with a gilt dial, on the mantel-piece. the Ecole de Medicine and Pantheon ; and From this picture you may imagine all the the garments they carry are not gene- rest, for they are all alike, except that in rally of that peculiur threadbare and ragged winter a stove is added, being a curious com. fashion which we see in England. Then pound of iron and crockery-ware, with a tin there are also perambulating sellers of almost chimney. And we have passed very happy every thing at a certain price, and a strange evenings in those little rooms-happier, percollection of articles their long barrows pre- chance, than we may see again, for we were sent, all or any of which may be bought for entirely our own masters, and had little to five sons each. Plates, knives, whips, de annoy or worry as. At that time we could canters, whistles, pins, brushes, lucisers, cook beefsteaks over small earthenware furlooking-glasses, almanacks, pencils; in fact, naces ; we could also boil peas, make umean endless variety of wares. It is needless lettos, and fry potatoes, when pecuniary emto add, that all are of inferior manufacture, barrassments compelled us to dine at home or more or less damaged, but they do for the a circumstance not uncommon among the housekeepers of the Quartier Latin.
students of Paris ; nay, more, we have set The shops of this part of the world are ge- out to purchase our own charcoal, and nerally in keeping with the inhabitants. We brought it home in a basket, for you must often wondered why there were so many stores not live in the Quartier Latin, unless you for little jean boots and net gloves so near the can do every thing for yourself. In fine, it Musée Dupuytren, and dissecting-rooms there is a little world of its own creating-a spirit to attached, but that was during our early days of laisser-aller and independence reigns in at Paris, when every thing was a source of it, and you may walk about all day in it cap astonishment. Nevertheless, there are many and blouse, without losing custe. KNIPS. shops for such gear, in spite of the dreary locality, and these are only exceeded by hairdressers at fifty centimes, (five pence,) and
WINTER. tobacco shops, whose windows display a Gather around your blazing hearths, and tell dazzling array of bowls and sticks for pipes Dread stories of my power, for, lo! I come of all possible shapes and forms, generally,
To howl above your happy roof-recount
To the young prattler how I split the bark however, bearing the image of an Indian's
On the dark ocean's breast, and yell a dirge head, with glass eyes let into the clay, soО'er the young sea-boy's grave; tell of the blights that when the pipe is well “culottée," i. e. I cast upon the flowery fields, of all
The dazzling splendour of the rising sun, blackened by constant smoking, an cccupa
When ou my frosty robes he looks, and darts tion of which the students are immensely His golden beams upon my coronal. fond, the head looks very fierce and imposing,
37+ 1.499 7
BENLOMOND. D W ,,4, BENLOMOND is justly admired as one of the cipice of many hundred yards in depth. He most beautiful and interesting mountains in must possess firm nerves who can approach the kingdom. It is inferior to several in the brink and look down unmoved. The height, but its locality renders it more con- rock is said to be 2,000 feet in sheer descent. spicuous than the lofty summits of the neigh The stranger, with all his very natural and bouring mountains : the gradual acclivity, allowable terrors for his person, on coming from the extended base of the mountain to within a few yards of the edge, will be astothe cloud-capt peak, gives a pleasant and nished, and almost pained to learn, that a beautiful outline, and the extensive and celebrated Highland hero of yore, supposed awfully sublime prospect commanded from to be described in the Lady of the Lake un. the summit, awaken sensations of grandeur der the name of Malcolm Græme, used to and sublimity. Situated in Stirlingshire, at attest his fearlessness of character, by stund. the south-west extremity of the Grampian ing on the brink of this steep-down gulf, mountains, and forming, on this side, the sustained only by the heel of one of his feet, frontier of the West Highlands, whose ser. the rest of the foot projecting over! rated mountain tops, viewed from the east Among this group of mountains, Ben and south, in the distance recede from the Crouachan looks conspicuous, and farther view, and Benlomond, touring in the front north, Ben Nevis raises its loftier head. On like a giant stands,
the north-east, the valleys of the Grarnpian "To sentinel enchanted land.”
hills, studded with silvery lakes, gradually
relieve the mind from the awfully deep sen. The gradual acclivity, which, at a distance,
sations, inspired by the dark hills of the gives the beautiful outline to the figure of
north. The level country on the east and the mountain, affords, comparatively, an
south, interspersed with wood and lawn, and agreeable ascent to the traveller, to whom meandering streams, while everywhere the the horizon extends at every step, and pre- smoke, rising in fleecy clouds, marks an ensents an infinite variety of landscape, till he creasing town or village, and the
creasing town or village, and the populous reaches the top, and then comes the reward cities of Edinburgh and Glasgow gleam in of his toil. The highest point of Benlo. the sunshine, brings the mind back to an mond is 3,250 feet above the level of the equilibrium, to the contemplation of objects lake, which is 32 above the level of the sea. of humanity, and the arts of civilization.
Benlomond has this remarkable merit Here the eye revels in the richness of the as a hill, that it is not overcrowned or
objects spread before it, till the mind is decrowded up with surrounding hills. It seems lightfully awakened, by the termination of to be sole monarch of a vast undisputed ter
the view between the landscape and sky, to ritory. Nowhere, therefore, is there a better
contemplate the vast expanse of heaven, and idea to be obtained of the Highland country than on its summit. The mountain itself,
with fervent and sublime feelings, besides, affords a great variety of scenery.
“ Look through Nature up to Nature's God.” To the south it stretches out into a slope of In the west, the counties of Renfrew are a very gentle declivity. The north side is seen stretched along the west shores of the awfully abrupt, and presents a concave pre. Frith of Clyde- the Islands of Arran and