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to so mans engaged in this execrable voca- letters from Rio de Janeiro, that in that port tion, may be found in the refusal of the alune, 1,042 slaves were brought in three American government to become a party to ships; and that in the month of February the treaties sigried between England and every last, 6,137 slaves were brought in ten ships. other European nation (Portugal excepted), As the destruction of life in these voyages, giving the mutual right of search upon the owing to the strict precautions used against coast of Africa, and within certain latitudes capture, is seldom less than one half, these and longitudes, by which vessels are seized, transactions for one Brizilián port, and during if fitted for slaves, equally as if slaves are two months only, involve the sacrifice of on board.”

more than 14,000 human beings!" «The trade," he says, " is carried on with

How grievous to reflect, thnu Citizens impunity in the very neighbourhood of the of America ! that thou, with the word of British colonies of Gambiu and Sierra Leone. Freedom everlastingly hanging on thy lips, Within 150 miles of the latter place, indeed, should countenance the slavery of thy felis the river Gallinas, from whence not lets low-creatures, and be the prime cause of than fifteen or twenty thousand are every rivetting the chains of the enslaved Africans. year exported, and this through the scanda- Shame on thee! lous prostitution of the Portuguese flag. “ The slavers proceed to the Gallinas,

However painful it may be even to write Bonna, Cameroons, and other rivers on the

on this most wretched and heart-sinking of coast of Africa, near the entrance of which all subjects, there is yet one proud reflection, are large establishments for the reception of that Britain has to boast of such men

us slaves when brought from the interior, and Clarkson --- Wilberforce - Brougham - the in general, for facilitating the sluve trade. glorious triumvirate, that have, by their brilThe chiefs in the vicinity of these stations liant talents, so nobly and so successfully make sudden incursions into the interior, crushed the demon of slavery throughont laying waste the country, and carrying of the British dominions ! all such of the inhabitants as may suit their They that fight for freedom, undertake purpose, and have been unable to conceal The noblest cause mankind can have at stake;

Religion, virtue, truth, whate'ér we call themselves. On the required number being

A blessing-freedom is the pledge of all. obtained, they are put on board, as shown Oh liberty: the prisonet's pleasing dream, in the model. For these, cloth, beads, gun

The poet's muse, his passion, and his theme; powder, muskets, &c., are exchanged, at the

Place me where winter breathes his keenest air,

And I will sing, if liberty be there ; rate of about 56. sterling per head. The And I will sing at liberty's dear feet, profit derived may be imagined from the lu Afric's torrid zobe, or India's burning hoat." lact of the slaves being sold at from 501. to 701. per head on the other side of the Atlantic. “ Every device is resorted to in order to

CHARITY NEVER FAILETH. escape the British cruiser; and the vessel Charity is an emanation from the choicest loaded in some cases to absolute suffocation, attribute of the Deity; it is, as it were, a the whole voyage being in the tropics, the portion of the divinity engrafted upon the sufferings of the negroes defy description; human stock : it cancels a multitude of nor would these poor wretches escape the transgressions in the possessor, and gives fate of the prisoners confined in the Calcutta him a foretaste of celestial joys. It whetted • black hole, but for their being permitted the pious Martin's sword, when he divided about oue-third at a time to take the air on

his garment with the beggar, and swelled deck.

the royal Alfred's bosom, while a pilgrim “During the voyage, the slaves are fed

was the partner of his meal. It influenced upon ' farina,' the root of the canava scraped the sorrowing widow to cast her mite into and dried, a little yam or rice, with about a the treasury, and held a Saviour on the pint of water to drink daily. A short time pre- Cross, when he could have summoned Heavionsly to reaching the place of disembarka- ven to his rescue. Its practice was dictated tion, they are fed up with palm oil, indeed by the law, its neglect has been censured by rubbed over with it, in order to give them a the prophets; and when the Lord of the fat and glossy appearance, and thus expedite vineyard sent his only Sun, he came not to their sale."

destroy the law, but to fulfil it. Other vir“With all these humiliating facts," says tues may have a limit here; but Charity the Times journal, “ it is clear to demonstra- extends beyond the grave. Fa tion, that our abandopment of the slave-trade lost in endless certainty, and hope may has not materially diminished the amount, perish in the fruition of its object; but and that it is carried on at ten times the cost Charity shall live for countless ages, for of human suffering inflicted when it was a traffic carried on by all nations, and subject

ever blessing, and for ever blessed. to regulation. It appears by commercial

may be

A CRUISE IN THE ATLANTIC. sloop of war, Revenge, of eighteen guns, then Some fifty or sixty years ago, before steam- lying in the harbour of Stornaway. Jan boats, tourists, excisemen, et hoc genus Dhu Mor knew very well, if he went to prison omne, (translated into cockney dialect * and he should be transported, unless he could all that sort of thing,"') had penetrated into effect his escape ; and he did not feel the the most wild and remote creek and corner slightest inclination to serve his Majesty; he of that ultima thule of her Majesty's British therefore begged, as a favour, to be allowed dominions—the Highlands and Íslands of until the next morning to decide. Scotland—the inhabitants carried on what This boon was readily granted, for Jan they, in their simplicity and ignorance, called Dhu Mor was highly respected ; and his an honest trude in rum and brandy with the character was not only beyond reproach, Faro Islands. Since that period, however, except on the single point which led him the “ schoolmaster has been among them,"

into his present dilemma, but his notions of and, supported by the strong arm of the law, honour were of a superior order. He was has at length convinced them, that to ex

never known to take an unfair advantage change their fish, oil, and seal-skins, for rum even of the revenue officers; on the contrary, and brandy, or even to convert the scanty he treated them with marked civility when crop of grain raised under their inhospitable he happened to be stronger, and never on any sky, into ardent spirits, is a crime against occasion used unnecessary violence. society and morality.

Jan was confined for the night in the only However sound and unanswerable the logic inn in the town, which, unfortunately, could might he by which the “ schoolmasternot boast of a prison, (a fact strongly indica.

himself had arrived at the above conclusion, tive of the barbarism of its inhabitants,) and it could hardly be expected that a simple, a marine from the ship of war stationed at primitive people, whose perception of right the door of his chamber. and wrong must necessarily have been very Among those whose sympathy for the priimperfect, from their total ignorance of the soner was strongly excited on this occasion, world, could at first be made to comprehend was a young midshipman belonging to the the enormity of their crime, in exchanging Revenge, of the name of Norman M.Leod, their own property for something else they the son of a gentleman of landed property on preferred; or, in drinking the produce of the island. This youth was well acquainted their soil instead of eating it. It was there. with Jan, and has been first inspired with a fore frequently necessary to resort to another love for a seafaring life by the romantic species of argument; and all those whose legends of the bold smuggler; he therefore craniums did not unfortunately admit of conceived the bold design of liberating him. their being convinced, were convicted, and for this purpose he asked leave of absence forthwith sent to some penal settlement, or till the next day. on board of a man-of-war, to learn morality. The room in which Jan Mor was confined But the sinple islanders were so blind to was over the cellar, and the flooring consisted their own interests as not to appreciate this of rough planks, clumsily put together. This paternal solicitude for their welfare on the circumstance was well kuown to our midshippart of their rulers,—those among them man; he therefore contrived to abstract the ; whose inclinations led them to “ do what key of Jan's room from the place in which it they liked with their own,” still evading, as had been deposited by the landlord, to whose far as in their power, the revenue laws, and care it had been entrusted, and, stealing into the discipline consequent on their infringe- the cellar, he made himself known to the inent; and, at the same time, possessing the prisoner. He then thrust the key through sympathy of such of their fellow-countrymen one of the crevices in the floor, and bade him as were not directly engaged in this contra. make the best use of it he could. band trade. The active exercise of this sym- The sentinel was found on his post next pathy frequently frustrated the ends of justice, morning ; but gagged, and tied hand and -and, on one occasion, led to the following foot. It appeared that the smuggler's hand adventure.

' was on his throat before he could give the John M‘Kenzie, or, as he was commonly alarm, and that he was, without much difficalled, Jan Dhu Mor, one of the most daring culty, reduced to the helplessness in which smugglers of the Hebrides, was, after innu. he was found by the superior strength of his merable hair-breadth escapes, at last betrayed antagonist. Jan took the precaution to carry into the hands of a party from a revenue off the marine's firelock and cartouch-box. cutter, by one of his own men, and carried Our smuggler, without having any parti

. to Stornaway, in the island of Lewis, where cular object in view, except putting the he was offered by the authorities, who, under greatest possible distance between himself the circumstances, were not guided in their and the Revenge, retreated to the other side proceedings by the strict letter of the law, of the island. Having reached the point the option of being sent to the county town nearest Barnera, he found one of the long for trial, or to enter on board his Majesty's skills, in use among the islanders on the shore, and containing a quantity of straw menced with his stock of beef, after the just imported from the mainland. Into this Abyssinian fashion-by cutting off the tail ! boat he threw himself, and soon fell asleep. Next morning a ship hove in sight. It When he awoke, the day was far advanced, appeared at first to take no notice of him ; and he found himself on the “ broad At- but having struck a light with the marine's lantic," with the “ sky above, and the sea musket, and set fire to some of the dry straw, below," and one of the small native cattle of he soon attracted its attention, and a boat the island as his Compagnon du voyage. He

was sent off to take him on board. then recollected having observed some cattle The ship proved to be the “ Franklin,'' of near the boat when he entered it, and immedi. New York, an American privateer, carrying ately concluded that they had surrounded it twelve guns, owned and commanded by Capfor the sake of the straw, and that his fellow- tain Jenks. The smuggler had no sooner voyager being more adventurous than his been taken on board the Franklin, than the companions, had got into it when the tide man at the mast-head sung out

a sail," had receded. The rope by which the boat and soon afterwards “ English colours.” had been fastened, which was made from a All was bustle on board the privateer. On species of long grass peculiar to the island, the nearer approach of the strange sail, it had been eaten away. It was therefore evi- was discovered to be a British ship of war, dent that the returning tide had carried him. carrying six guns more than the Franklin. self and his present companion to sea, in Captain Jenks, on this discovery, deemed it consequence of the destruction of the rope. advisable to set every stitch of canvass, a Jan Dhu Mor would gladly have exchanged slight breeze having sprung up, and sheer his present ship and crew for a place before off with all possible speed. the mast in the Revenge, much as he dis- The Englishman, however, proved to be liked the strict discipline on board of her; much the better sailer before the wind ; and, but there was no choice left for him now, after a chase and running fight of several and he was not a man to waste time in use. hours, in which the American suffered se. less repinings. He therefore took his place verely, the latter struck her colours. at the helm, and kept the boat steadily Three boats were immediately sent to before a fresh easterly breeze, in the expec- take possession of the prize. As the untation of hailing some ship ere he should suspecting boarders were in the act of pour. reach the other side of the Atlantic. For ing into the privateer, the American captain, he thought, and rightly too, that, if he could forgetting all sense of honour, and mad for not return, he might as well use all the the loss of his ship, ordered his men to means in his power to go forward, and that attack them. Jan Dhu Mor, who had he had as much chance of being picked up fought bravely till the Franklin struck, was while traversing the pathless ocean in one standing at a short distance from the captain direction as another. There was not a mor- when the order for this cowardly attack was sel of food (except the live stock) on board, given, and, before he could recover from his nor, what was of greater consequence, a

astonishment at an act so totally repugnant single drop of water.

to his own sense of honour, he observed For two days, our smuggler ran steadily Captain Jenks levelling a pistol at the head before the wind, without seeing a solitary of an English midshipman, who was coming sail. He now began to suffer from intense over the side. Before he could bring the thirst; and the only means by which he could deadly weapon to bear upon his enemy, one allay this most dreadful of all sensations, was blow from the smuggler's cutlass severed the blood of the unfortunate quadruped, three of his fingers, striking sparks of fire which, upon the whole, fared much better from the pistol, as it glanced on its shining than its superior, having abundance of straw barrel; and another cleft his skull. The moistened by occasional showers.

midshipman was Norman M‘Leod, of his But to kill the animal under the present Majesty's ship Revenge. circumstances, would be like destroying the The first sieutenant of the Franklin, a goose that laid the golden eggs, as it pre- brave and humane man, seeing his captain sented the only prospect of prolonging his killed, surrendered the ship into the hands life. Our smuggler, therefore, had recourse

of the captors. to a practice sometimes resorted to by his Jan Dhu Mor was, through the interest poor countrymen during seasons of scarcity, of his friend Norman, promoted to be a viz. bleeding the cattle at stated periods, for petty officer on board the Revenge, in which the sake of the blood, which they mixed he served until the close of the

war,

when with a small portion of oatmeal.

he was, on the recommendation of Captain Having quenched his thirst, and bound up Norman M'Leod, appointed to the comthe wound, he continued his course. On mand of one of the Revenue cutters, for the the evening of the third day it became a suppression of smuggling in the Highlands dead calm.

and Islands of Scotland ; and thus ended Jan Dhu Mor could no longer withstand Jan Dhu Mor's Cruise in the Atlantic. the cravings of hunger; he therefore com

M.

*

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PLAYS WRITTEN BY DIVINES. vations on Shakspeare The Rev. Stephen {MR. J. W. CALCRAFT, lessee and manager Gossen, who afterwards became a noted perof the Theatre Royal, Dublin, has lately pub- secutor of the theatre, and wrote “ The lished a very interesting Defence of the Stage, * School of Abuse,” an invective against displaying great research and knowledge of poets, and players, is the author of a tragedy his subject. It is in answer to a Sermon called “Catiline's Conspiracies,” the comedy preached by the Rev. J. B. Bennett, (Wes- of “ Captain Mario,” and a morality called leyan,) in Dublin. We shall not go into the Praise at Parting."- Dr. John Hackett, controversy, but merely extract a summary, bishop of Lichfield

and Coventry, is the aunot less interesting than curious, of the Aum

thor of " Loyola," a comedy acted before ber of plays written by divinity-men.]

James the First. -The Rev. Samuel Hard“Gammer Gurton's Needle,” was written ing wrote the tragedy of “ Sicily and Naby the Rev. J. Still, afterwards bishop of ples, or the Fatal Union." - Dr. Peter Bath and Wells.

Hlausted, chaplain to the Earl of NorthampDr. John Bale, bishop of Ossory, culled ton in the civil wars, wrote the comedies bilious Bale, from the acrimony of his con

called “ Rival Friends," and " Senile Odia troversial writings, is the author of above

uni." - Dr. John Hoadly, prebendary of twenty dramatic pieces, four of which were

Winchester, is supposed to have materially published.t-Dr. Nicholas Brady, the co

assisted, his brother in the celebrated comedy adjutor of Tate (who was also a dramatist) of the “Suspicious Husband,” and is the in the version of the Psalms, is the author of author of the following dramatic pieces :à tragedy called “ The Rape, or the Inno

“ The Contrast,”? “ Jephtha," Love's Re.. cent impostors.”—The Rev. Thos. Brough. venge,” “The Force of Truth," and "Phoebe," ton, prebendary of Salisbury Cathedral, iş and left several dramatic works in manuthe author of a tragedy called “Hercules.” script behind him.-The Rev. John Home

-The Rev. William Cartwright, who died is the author of “ Douglas," a play that in 1643, is the author of the "Royal Slave,” will keep possession of the stage as long as “ The Lady Errant,” « The Ordinary,” and any taste for true natural poetry remains; “ The Siege.” He was an eminent preacher. and also of “Agis," « The Siege of AcquiThe learned and pious Dr. Fell, Bishop of leiu," “ The Fatal Discovery,” « Alonza,” Oxford, said of him, “ Cartwright was the und “ Alfred.” The rigid principles of the utmost man could come to."- Dr. Samuel Synod of Scotland were shocked at the idea Coxall, archdeacon of Salop, is the author of a member of the kirk beeaming a dramaof the Fair Circassian." -Dr. John Dale tist; they, accordingly, in a public convocaton altered and adapted to the stage Mil- tion, expelled him, and disqualified him. from ton's " Comus.”—Dr. Dodd, who, though the ministry; in consequence of which he his end was unfortunate, was an able divine resigved a good living, and withdrew from and a religious mun, wrote the oratorios of the jurisdietion of the presbytery. The opi« Ruth” and “ Balaam," the tragedy of nion of mankind has amply vindicated him, the “ Syracusan,” and edited the “ Beau- and condemned the harsh bigotry by which ties of Shakspeare," with notes and annota. he suffered; and the late King George III., tions.-Dr. Warburton, bishop of Glouces then Prince of Wales, afforded him a subter, bestowed much time on an edition of stantial recompense, in the form of a handShakspeare, and in writing notes to his

some pension, which placed him beyond the works. -Dr. Percy, bishop of Dromore, effects of further persecution.-Dr. James wrote an essay on the English stage, and Hurdis is the author of « Panthea,'' and contributed many notes to the various edis

“ Sir T. More,'' tragedies, and " Cursory tions of Shakspeare.

Remarks on the Arrangement of the Plays The Rev. Thomas Guff, who was esteemed of Shakspeare." - The Rev. W. Mason, as an excellent preacher, wrote the trage, chaplain to the king, rector of Aston, and dies of the “ Raging Turk,”! " Orestes,” canon-residentiary of York, and prebendary of and the “ Courageous Turk," and a tragi. comedy called the Careless Shepherdess." Christian, in a letter to Dr. Hunter, speaking of the

Cowper, a pious, and in some respects severe He died in 1627.--Dr. Zachary Grey wrote tragedy of " Sir Thomas More," says, “I wish to critical, historical, and explanatory Notes to know what you mean to do with • Sir Thomas,' for Shukspeare.-The Rev. John Upton, pre- though I expressed doubts about his theatrical possibendary of Rochester, wrote critical obser. bilities. I think him a very respectable person, and,

with some improvement, well worthy of being intra • Milliken and Sou, Dublin, 1839

duced to the public.--Hayley's Life of Couper, Let+ The Camdeu Society have lately published ter

cxxxviii. See also "The Task," book vi. p. 254,

in which he eulogises Garrick, and, in speaking of Kynge Johan, a Play, in Two Parts, by John

ubilee at Stratford, in 1769, in honour of Shak. Bale;" printed from the original manuscript, in the library of the Duke of Devonshire. The date when speare, says: “ Kyuige Johan” was originally written, cannot be “ 'Twas a hallowed time; decorum reigned, clearly ascertained : perhaps before Bale was made And mirth without offence, No few returned, an Irish prelate by Edward VI., in 1552. Bale was Doubtless much edified, and all refreshed." originally a Roman Catholic ; became a Protestant; It is evident from this, Cowper had ro horror of the made a Prebendary of Canterbury; and died in theatre; yet his character and conduct are often quoted 1563.

by the must rigid,

the

BOTANY.

*

Driffield, is one of the authors entitled to the den for Miss O'Neill, " Belshazzar's Feast," applause of the world, as well for the vire the " The Fall of Jerusalem,” and the “Martues of the heart, as the excellence of their tyr of Antioch.''-- The Rev. C. Croly is the writings. He is the author of the celebrated author of "Catiline,” and a very successful dramatic pieces, “ Charactacus” and “ El comedy, called “ Pride shall have a Fall.”' frida,” two tragedies still in MS., and finished a tragedy left by Whitehead, called

The Naturalist. “ Ædipus.”—The Rev. Dr. Brown is the author of the tragedies of " Barbarossa” and “ Athelstan." The Rev. James Townley is the author of

Leaves of Plants. the popular farce of “ High Life below In whatever way absorption takes place in Stairs," so often attributed to the pen of plants, no doubt the leaves are the agents of Garrick, and many others..Dr. John Wat it; for if you put into water two branches, son, bishop of Winchester in 1583, is the one with leaves, and the other without author of " Absalom," a tragedy, in Latin. them -- the water will rise in the former, but ---Dr. Welch, bishop of Derry, in 1670, not in the latter. But leaves have also a diwrote two comedies, called “Hermophus," rectly absorbing power. In summer, plants (in Latin,) and “ Love's Hospital."- Dr.

are revived more by watering the leaves, than Francis Wrangham, archdeacon of York, is by watering the roots. In this way we ucthe author of a farce called “ Reform,"

count for plants growing in arid soils, and on written in 1792.—Dr. James Plumptre is rocks, where no rain falls for months together. the author of a comedy called the “Coven. The water-melon, though in hot countries, try Act," the tragedy of “ Osway," “ Ob- sometimes grows to the weight of fitty servations on Hamlet, with an Appendix,

pounds ; and the water must have been deand “ Four Sermons on Subjects relating to

rived from the leaves. Experiments have been the Stage,'' preached in St. Mary's Church, made to determine by which of their two Cambridge. In these discourses Dr. Plump- surfaces it is, that absorption takes place. tre takes the middle course, and points out A leaf of the white-mulberry, when laid on the distinction between the uses and abuses its upper surface on water, died in five days; of the stage. He

but if laid on its lower surface, it lived many “ this powerful en

says, gine can be made to promote the cause of months. With the leaves of other trees, it virtue and religion, and to become, not only seemed of little consequence on which surface an innocent amusement, but a highly rational they were laid. In some plants which have and pleasing source of instruction. These no roots ( as the fuci) the leaves are the sole discourses were written under the sanction organs of absorption. of the Rev. Dr. Pearson, vice-chancellor of The cooling power of leaves should also be the University of Cambridge, to whom they mentioned. This is accomplished by the are dedicated. The reader would do well to evaporation of the fluid they transpire; and peruse them entire, and not draw his opinion the transpiration and consequent evaporation of Dr. Plumptre's object, or the mode in are always greater on a hot day. If you which he enforces it, by the summary ac- place your hand on a growing vegetable, or on count included in Dr. Bennett's Appendix. a grass-plot, in hot weather, you will feel it The book is reasonable and moderate, and very cool. This is seen well in the ice-plant. the potes abound with highly entertaining We here see another reason for the large information. This production Dr. Bennett leaves of tropical plants ;-their affording a regards as a curiosity in theological litera. large space for transpiration. Coolness is ture.” It inay be so. That a clergyman also promoted by heat being reflected, instead should say a word or two in defence of the of absorbed ; and many tropical plants have stage, may appear to him curious, but I smooth leaves, which are well adapted for rethink I have shown that, at all events, it is flection., Plants, from being colder than the not singular.-Dr. Edward Young, the au- surrounding atmosphere, often create a dew thor of " Night Thoughts," wrote the tra- around them. Drops of dew are often seen gedies of the “ Revenge," “ Busiris," and on plants after a cold night. Even in the • The Brothers;" the last of which (a fact, day-time, if a fog should happen to arise, I believe, not generally known) was written trees arrest it in its progress, condense it, and and acted for the express purpose of adding let it fall in an abundant shower of ruin ;to the fund for the Propagation of the Gospel even though all around may be parched with in Foreign Parts.-In more modern times, drought. In one of the Canary Islands, the the Rev. C. Maturin, who is remembered in inhabitants were said to be chiefly dependent this city as an eloquent preacher, is the au- on this source for a supply. A large tree, of thor of the tragedies of “ Bertram," “ Ma- the laurel kind, condensed the fog which nuel,”

," "Fredolfo,” and “Osmyn the Rene- daily rose from the sea; the water was colo: gade.”—The Rev. H. Millman is the author lected in a large basin underneath ; and was of “Fazio," which was eminently successful distributed to the natives by a superintendent. on the stage when produced at Covent Gar. This account was once rejected by philosophi.

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