may be worth while to join two pages impression of which is to be taken, placed on together, as the paper is very thin. As the it, and left till the whole of the paper exposed preparation on the glasses never wears out, becomes yellow, and when removed it exhi. causes no dirt, may be altered, improved, and bits a distinct representation of the object. retouched at any time, and only requires the In this process there is a tendency of the care not to break them, it may be the means iodide to convert the dark phosphate to of employing women and children. It will yellow iodide of silver, which it does ingive rise to new employment to the artist, stantly when the solution is strong, but very in making original designs on glass, as well slowly when it is weak, unless it is exposed as copies from pictures; it will be a source to light, and then the action goes on rapidly. of amusement to the amateur; and an elegant It was observing this that induced Dr. Fyfe employment for ladies, particularly to those to try the influence of light on phosphatewho can paint or draw. It is perfectly avail. paper besmeared with iodide of potass, by able to those who wish to publish a limited which he was led to the discovery. Of course number of illustrations, with manuscripts, when an object which allows the light to pass where it would not be worth the expense of through it differently, is put on the paper, employing engraving, or printing. Every those parts on which the denser portions of pane of glass in the windows of a house inay the object are placed still retain their darker be occupied, by having a back-board to fit colour, the other parts are tinged, just accord. the frames, and layers of flannel, or wadding, ing to the transmission of the light. When to make the contact perfect, and the house impressions thus prepared are kept, they being darkened is the more favourable for the gradually begin to fade, owing to the conti. preparation of the paper, and fixation of the nued action of the iodide of potass, and hence photographic drawings.”

the necessity of submitting them to a preser“Mr. Talbot remarks, that photographic draw. vative process. After numerous trials, that ings obtained in this way“ resemble more which seemed to answer best was merely than any others the productions of the artist's immersing them in water for a few minutes, pencil; and for such they have been generally and in some cases even allowing a stream mistaken, because they give, not mere outlines of water to Aow gently on them, so as to only, but all the details of the figures perfectly wash out the whole of the iodide of potassium well shaded."'-" Designs thus produced will not acted on--in this way the agent which become much more common, and even more tends to discolour the blackened phosphate, generally applicable than lithography, because seems to be removed. all the means are more readily accessible, 12. Fidelity of the Photographs. whilst it will receive its rank as an art, and To give some idea of the fidelity of the be excellent in proportion to the skill of the photographic copies, we shall mention a few artist, as a draftsman with the etching needle. examples :-" It is so natural," says Mr. The size need no longer be kept down by Talbot, “ to associate the idea of labour with that of the printing-press, as the size of the great complexity and elaborate detail of exeglass can alone limit the size of the design. cution, that one is more struck at seeing the This is a real and valuable discovery, appli. thousand florets of an agrostis, (bent-grass,) cable to a thousand purposes. Beautiful depicted with all its capillary branchlets, (and imitations of washed bistre drawings may be so accurately, that none of all this multitude produced by stopping out the light on the shall want its little bivalve calyx, requiring to glass by black varnish, which will obstruct be examined through a lens,) than one is by the transmission of light in proportion to the the picture of the large and simple leaf of an thickness with which the varnish is laid on; oak or a chesnut. But in truth the difficulty and specimens like fine mezzo-tinto prints is in both cases the same. - The one of these have been produced by this process.-Lite- takes no more time to execute than the other; rary Gazette.

for the object which would take the most 11. Dr. Fyfe's mode of obtaining Photogra- skilful artist days or weeks of labour to trace

phic copies requiring no correction of the or to copy, is effected by the boundless pow. Shadow.

ers of natural chemistry in the space of a few At a meeting of the Society for the En- seconds.” couragement of the Useful Arts, held at Mr. Talbot having held a photographic the Royal Hotel, Princes-street, Edinburgh, copy of a piece of beautiful lace-work, at Dr. Fyfe described a process for obtaining the distance of a few feet from some perphotographic drawings requiring no correc- sons whom he asked whether it was not a tion of the shadow, or having the lights and good representation, they replied that they shadows untransposed. The paper is first were “not to be so easily deceived, for it saturated with phosphate of silver instead of was evidently no picture, but a real piece of nitrate. When a drawing is required, this lace.” phosphate-paper is immersed in a solution of We have seen so true a photographic copy the iodide of potass, and while still moist of a small-toothed comb, that we at first exposed to the light, with the object, the supposed it was a real one. A wag indeed

might find frequent sport in observing the world—I pass to the smallest quarter of it, surprise created whenever he has slyly placed then to a remote corner, a little island--I a photograph of this sort upon the table. look in vain for the town, or even the county, cloth or plate of an acquaintance. This in which I dwell. The frozen waste of sin would indeed put the fidelity of the photo- beria, the arid plains of Africa, contain milgraph to as good a test as could be devised. lions far more wretched than I. Thousands Objects the most minute are obtained,—the of ships are ploughing the ocean, bearing delicate hairs on the leaves of plants,—the their human freight all for a time, many for most minute and tiny bivalve calyx,-nay ever, from home and kindred : some, outcasts even a shadow, the emblem of all that is from their country, doomed to end their days most fleeting in this world, is fettered by as exiles to a foreign clime—others, victims the spell of the invention, and remains per- of avarice and oppression, torn from their fect and permanent long after it has been dear, though hunble home, fated to labour given back to the sunbeam which produced worse than death for another's gain. To it. Mr. Talbot's photographic copies of return to my own country- the mighty meengravings and manuscripts are so accurate tropolis—what thousands of miserable beings that they have been mistaken for the ori. are therein! Many, immersed in dungeons, ginals.

perhaps condemned to die on the scaffold:

countless numbers existing in hovels, or even DOMESTIC ARCHITECTURE. in the streets, in the most abject misery and

wretchedness. Shall I, seeing all this,-and On the difficulty of ascertaining the precise while brooding over mine own affliction,-say Date of the Erection of Ancient Domes. - It is greater ?”

Alpa. tic Edifices constructed of Timber and Plaster.

The Gatherer. ENGLAND cannot be said to have possessed any distinct and national style of architecture Mr. Stewart's Autographs were brought since the period of the earlier half of the six- before the public for sale, on Friday and Sateenth century, when the perpendicular turday last. by Mr. S. Leich Sotho

turday last, by Mr. S. Leigh Sotheby, at his English began to give way to the strangest house, in Wellington street, Strand. As the anomalies and absurdities; nor have we collection was well known to contain many many examples of the private habitations of excessively rare and important State Papers, that age which have come down to us un Letters, &c., the sale was attended by some altered. There can be no doubt that the of the most eminent collectors; among them Reformation gave a death-blow, for a time,

we noticed Mr. Upcott, Sir Frederick Mad. to the cause of architecture. The riches of den, Mr. Baker, &c. &c. Uuder the ma. the dissolved monastaries were then appro- nagement of Mr. Sotheby, the various lots priated or squandered, and the channel for brought very good prices, the different specithe dispensation of money, which had once

mens being in general in the highest state of flowed through the piety of the devotee, and

preservation. In a sale, consisting of 370 had been mostly employed in architectural

lots, it is not to be expected we can enumeembellishment and design, took a different

rate anything like a tithe of them. The foland far less laudable course. Architecture, lowing are the prices at which some of the therefore, became debased, and sculpture most interesting documents were sold :-An bowed her diminished head, to assume a

entire autograph letter of Mary D’Este, stiffness of character alike foreign to feeling 21. 68.-A valuable letter of Prince Rupert, and to judgment. When such was the lot of

31. 48.-State Papers, signed by Richard the palace and the temple, the lower grades. Cromwell, 31. 13s. 60.-An original letter, in of buildings partook proportionately of their French, from Oliver Cromwell to his agent at revolution, and the artistical vagaries which Versailles, dated Westmonastery, June 1654: have left us gothic canopies supported by an extraordinary and characteristic specimen Tonic columns, and a knight in plaie armour, of Cromwell's diplomatic genius, 51. -A reposing on a shelf, above the effigy of his letter of Henrietta Maria, addressed to the wife under a Corinthian entablature, may Prince of Orange, 31. 16s.-Royal Letters also have played such siinilar pranks in the Missive, with the autograph of Queen Eliza. construction of the cottage or the hall, as beth, 41. 68.- Autograph of King Edward would tend to baffle the keenest inquiry of VI. 41. 68.- Original letters signed by Napothe most zealous antiquary.

leon, written on paper water-marked with his

profile, 61. 2s. 60.-Autograph of James II. “While brooding over our misfortunes, let us look around, and of Scotland, attached to a letter, in Latin, we shall find many far more wretched than ourselves."

41. 2s.-A letter in French, addressed to It is a world of woe that we inhabit. I am Marmontel, the author of Belisarius, informin trouble; and think, perhaps, that I am ing him of a translation of his romance into more to be pitied than any one of my fellow Russian; among many signatures attached, mortais! My eye falls on a map of the is that of the Empress Catherine, dated Sept.

C. S.

1, 1768, 31. 6s.-A melancholy relic of the arrow when I came to hunt upon Yarrow ; gifted and generolis Mrs. Jordan, being a and for the more sooth of this, I byte the letter of hers in humble acknowledgment of white wax with iny teeth, before Margaret, a creditor's forbearance, dated Paris, 22 Feb. my wife, and Maule, my nurse. 1816, a few weeks before her death, 1l. 18.

Sic Subscribitur. -Two letters by Thomas Chatterton, en

MALCOME KENMURE, KING. tirely in lois hand-writing: these interesting MARGARET, witness. documents revealed the fact of his a:tempting: MAULE, witness. to impose the Rowley MSS. on Dodsley, :... 1057. before he addressed Walpole, 31. 38.-An

-AN : Oglander, ja, his Mémoirs of the Isle of

Orlanilor in his Mon autograph letter of Dr. S. Juhuson, 31. 103.

- Wight, writter in 1700, gives us the follow.

w: A ditto of Grahame, of Claver house, after. wards Viscount Dundee, 31. 58.-A letter of the

ing record of a blessing formerly enjoyed by


of that favoured spôt. « I have hearil," says the infamous Judge Jeffreys, with his rate

our author, and partly know it to be true, autograph, spelled Ged. Geffreys, 21.118.-.

that not only heretofore was there no lawyer A splendid state puper, signed by nearly all :

nor attorney in the Wight, but in Sir George the eminent statesmen of the time of Charles . II. almost iminediately after his restoration,

** Cary's' time, 1588, av attorney coming to 51. 178: 6d.- An original letter from Arch.

"; settle there was,- by his command, and with bishop Láud to the Lord Clifford, 21. 12s. bil.

9. a pound of candles hanging at his side, -A ditto from the Earl of Strafford to Loid

: lighted, with bells about his legs, hunted out

: Cromwell, %1. 10s.-A signature of Henry ?

of the island.". R es. ...) Darnley, husband of Mary Queen of - Scots, i

Geom . Australia. In the library of the Carthuin an Italian Grammar, both at the begin. sia

in sian friars.at Evora, in Portugal, there is a ning and end, brought 21. 6s.

manuscript atlas of the different countries

in the world, with richly illuminated maps, Oxford Street Experimental Paving: The made by Turnao , Vaz Dourado, cosmogra. following is the state of the experiments, as pher at Goa, in 1570. In one of the maps reported by the committee on Saturday last : There is laid down the northern coast of Aus. the bitúmen laid down by the Bastenne and tralia, with the following note :- This coast • Gaojac Bitumen Company, stood the wear was discovered by Ternuo de Magathuens, a and tear of the vehicles passing over it, 'native of Portugal, in 1520. From this acwithout any material alteration. The por: * tion laid down by the Val de Travers Com.

r. count it appears that the Portuguese visited

1: it many years before the Dutch, who have pany, had stood, but that portion of it ju alam which the broken granite had been set in

in claimed the merit of the discovery. their liquid had totally failed, and must be in ..... .. .

: : .. renoved immediately. The. Aberdeen gra- ! Fortitude under Pain.-In the course of nite cubes proved to be in excellent condi. "an inquest taken before Mr. Wakley, that tion, and more particularly those set in gentleman said it was surprising what forti. Claridge's asphalte. - Robinson's bitumen tude was displayed by women whilst under- had proved a complete failure. The Scotch going any surgical operation, as coinpared -asphallum had nearly proved useless. Mr. with men. The latter he had seen univer at • Stead's wooden block pavement was found the slightest touch, whilst women would sub to form a road of a most even surface, aud ‘mit to the inost pajuful operation without a of the 12 inches, the length of the blocks, it shudder. He, however, once witnessed a was found they had not been diminished one must surprising instance of fortitude in a man, quarter of an inch ;, but the bottom of the who having had the misfortune to break his Úlocks appeared discoloured by a blue stain. -leg, amputation was deemed necessary, which : A diversity of opinion existing among the was accordingly performed by Sir Astley ; committee, it wus résolved, that a further Cooper. Some time after, the man called upon

trial was necessary ; and that they ought Sir Astley, aud begged him to cut some more not to come to a final decision until Septem- off the stump, as it incommoded him very ·ber next. A Mr. Genry has obtained per. much! Sir Astley tried to dissuade him from • niission to lay duwin a wooden pivement on having it done, but without avail. The man a new principle.

then sat down in a chair, and refused to be I. A Thirter granted by Mutcome Kenmure. "strapped to it, saying, he well knew what the - King of Scotland.-1, Malcome Kenmure pain was, and that he would not move. Sir i King. the first of my reigni give to thee. Astley thereupon cut off three or four inches · Baron Hunter, Upper and Nether Powmode. more from the stump, the inin, according tu with all the bounds within the floods, with : proinise, not moving a muscle.—1939. .. the Hövpei and Hoópefown and all the bounds up and down, above the earth to t. LONDON: Printed and published by J.LINBIRD, heaven, and all below the earth to hell, as 143, Strand,, (neur Somerset House); and sold by free to thee and thiné, as ever God gave to

all Booksellers and Neur.men.-In PARIS, bu ail

the Booksellers. - In FRANCFORT, CAARLES me and mine, and that for a bow and broad JOEL.. . i



No. 951.]


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Public Erhibitions.



SLAVE•SHIP. An elaborate model of one of those horrid and pestilential receptacles—a slave-ship!- is now being exhibited at the Cosmorama, Regent-street; affording a frightful illustration of the manner in which the slave-trade is carried on. It is a beautiful specimen of workmanship, and a perfect representation, on a scale of half an inch to a foot; the vessel, called the Semiramis, alias the Regulo, of

It is in the above dreadful manner, the about 180 Spanish tons : she is represented

wretched slaves are inhumanly huddled toretreating from a ship of war. When she

gether. sailed from the river Bonny, she mustered • The grating-hatchways, for the admission 600 slaves, with a Spanish crew of between

of fresh air, or rather the escape of foul air, 70 and 80 men; being in company with

are covered over during wet weather. another slave-ship, called the Rapido : both

The mess-places for the crew, &c., are these vessels had been narrowly watched by

also faithfully represented in the model. the Fair Rosamond, Lieut. Huntley, and the Black Joke, Lieut. Ramsey, tenders to her

Captain Huntley, to whom we are indebted Majesty's frigate. the Drvad; and on the for the following particulars, observes :FÖth of September, 1831. they fell in with “That at least 130,000 natives of Africa are the slavers, and captured them; the Regulo

annually torn from their homes; the deaths having upwards of 200 slaves on board; but

during the voyage average about 33 in the the Rapido displayed a frightful scene of the

hundred; and the survivors are sold into korrors to which the African is a victim,

bondage principally in the Brazils and Cuba; when the safety of the slave-ship is threat.

froin which latter place they are conveyed ened. Being in advance of the Regulo, she

into Florida, Louisiana, and other states of was beyond the reach of the Fair Rosamond's

the North American Union. It is painful,” shot, and thinking that if no slaves were

he says, “ to assert that this enterprising and found on board, she would not be detained,

civilized republic is extensively connected she re-landed about half her cargo; but the

with the slave trade, by building the vessels canoes not coming to her in sufficient num

peculiarly adapted for the purpose, selling bers to take out the slaves, they were hurried

them to the Spanish slave-dealers in Cuba, into the river, chained together, either to be

and then, sailing still under the American drowned, or literally torn to pieces alive,

ve Aay, to some of the Portuguese colonies upon by the inpumerable sharks allured to that

the coast of Africa. A fictitious sale of the river by the constant supply of food which

hich vessel then takes place to a Portuguese, and they find in the dead slaves daily thrown into

she sails immediately under her new flag it. Both the vessels were carried by the Fair upon her demoniacal intent; it is also but Rosamond to Sierra Leone, and condemnued. too certain, that as the cultivation has ad

vanced in the Brazils, or as any new state, The above admirably.executed model re.

model re such as the Texas, has sturted up, so a fresh presents the manner in which the slave-ships wall has i

nips call has been made, and as readily answered, are fitted up: it shows the captain's cabin ; by inore negroes from Africa." with the share-room for women, and the slave-room for men: the upper-deck of which

deck of which “ The efforts of Great Britain to suppress tiro-last mentioned places are left open for

this inhuman trade have been rendered in a the purpose of showing the spectator the great measure unavailable, first, by the deterfrightful manner the kidnapped negro is mination of Portugal to retain the original stowed away; then

treaty signed by the two governments, and

which gave the latter the right to continue He makes his heart a prey to fell despair :

the slave trade to the south of the equator, He eats not, drinks not, sleeps not, has no use Of anything but thought ; or, if he talks,

Portugal demanding this right because she 'Tis to himself, and then 'tis perfect raving:

then had the Brazils for her colonies ; she Then he defies the world, and bids it pass;

now has no colonies at all in that quarter, Sometimes he gnaws his lips, then draws his mouth and, therefore, as the cause for slaving no lonInto a scoruful smile."

ger exists, it is to be hoped that the British The height between the decks, and where government will insist upon that right beupwards of 650 slaves are thus placed, is ing given up, or seize Portuguese ships found only 3 feet 6 inches !:

exercising it, without farther reference. The next cause of the continuation of success

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