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WELLINGTONIANA. weapon from the hands of man, and to con.
vert the sword into a ploughshare, to prunOur readers have, doubtless, in former ing-hooks the warriors' spears, securing peace volumes of the Mirror, been interested by a to future generations. series of papers and notices which, from « The two sketches which accompany time to time, have appeared in this work, this paper represent the English centre and illustrative of the history, character, and front, indicated by the tombs which stand on genius of that proud conqueror who over- each side of the main road, (from Genappe turned the power of nearly every state in to Brussels,) and the Farm-House of La Europe, and sought to erect on the ruins Haye Sainte. As you intend giving inser. of the same an universal monarchy. We tion to several engravings illustrative of the purpose, from time to time, to present in principal spots of the field, an outline of the like manner a series of sketches and notices battle of ihe 18th of June may serve to illustrative of Buonaparte's illustrious anta- bring the places before your readers in an gonist and conqueror-our own WELLING- improving point of view; and though it is TON! The relation of an incident frequently, the last and mightiest feat of the honoured however trivial, places before us the genius instrument who gained this renowned vic. of the man in a way which a laboured com. tory, will, I feel assured, commend your mentary and an aggregation of all the ele proposed series of papers, to be entitled ments of character fails to effect ; like a WELLINGTONIANA, to the attention of your master-stroke by an artist, as the lightning,
numerous readers.” sudden, but sure. Anecdotes require only
At five o'clock in the morning of the 18th their proper appreciation to have their value understood. A mean mind will nibble and
of June, 1815, the English army arrived at hoard them away. The man of taste and
its destined position, at the end of the forest genius will extract their philosophy, and
of Soigny. "It occupied a rising ground, disencumber himself from the verbiage in
having in its front a gentle declivity. The which they are clothed—for it is not in
extremity of the right wing was stationed at tended that a man should be a walking
Merbe Braine. The enclosed country and library. This quality of mind, that of sepa.
deep ravines round the village protected the ration, analysis, and combination, is emi.
right flank, and rendered it impossible for nently useful in a book-making and devour
the enemy to turn it. In the centre of the ing generation, such as we live in in the
right was a country-house called Hougoumont, present day. We are indebted to a corres
or Goumont (Le Chateau de Goumont.) pondent for a few papers on the FIELD OF
The house was loop-holed and strongly occuWATERLOO, he having recently visited it.
pied; the garden and orchard were lined «I send you some Sketches of Waterloo,
with light troops, and the wood before the which I visited a few weeks ago, having house was maintained by some companies of been rather suddenly called upon to go into
the guards. The front of the right was Belgium whilst winter yet covered the land. thrown back to avoid a ravine which would I do not hope to add anything new to the have exposed it, and was nearly at right chronicles and narratives which fill every angles with the centre. It consisted of the library on the subject of this famous field. secoud and fourth English divisions, the third Waterloo is now an old tale, and has been and sixth Hanoverians, and the first of the often told; yet the rural associations and Netherlands, and was commanded by Lord consequences connected with the battle, Hill. The centre was composed of the corps must give it a freshness and interest to the of the Prince of Orange, supported by the reflecting mind, which would be unmoved Brunswick and Nassau regiinents, with the by its chivalry, and only horrified at the guards under General Cooke on the right, recital of its carnage and slaughter. Stand and the divisions of General Alten on the ing on the summit of the pyramid which left. In front was the farm of La Haye now commemorates the battle, it was in Sainte, which was occupied in great force. such a point of view that I was led both to The road from Genappe to Brussels ran grieve and to rejoice ;-to grieve and deplore through the middle of the centre. The left the evil that is in our nature, and predomi. wing, consisting of the divisions of Generals nates in the present order of things in the Picton, Lambert, and Kempt, extended to world, as the bones of sixty thousand of my the left of La Haye, which it occupied, and fellow-creatures in the trenches below could the defiles of which protected the extremity testify;' to rejoice in that long and blessed of the left, and prevented it from being peace which flowed as the blood-bought turned. The cavalry was principally posted trophy of this field; a peace in which civiliza- in the rear of the left of the centre. tion, education, science and religion, have had Separated by a valley varying from half to an opportunity of dispensing blessings to three-fourths of a mile in breadth, were other mankind; and, in a measure, (where their heights following the bending of those on workings have been legitimate and effec- which the British army was posted. The tual,) to assist in wresting the slaughter- advanced guard of the French reached these
heights in the evening of the 17th, and some extend more than a mile and a half in length, skirmishes took place between the out-posts. and the French line about two miles. This · The night was dreadful. An incessant will partly account for the unparalleled losses rain fell in torrents. The soldiers were up to which each party sustained, and particularly their knees in mud, and many of them, for the destruction caused by the artillery. particularly of the officers, who had not yet About nine o'clock the rain began to abate, been able to change their ball dresses on and at eleven the French were in full posileaving Brussels, laid themselves down on tion, and ready to advance to the attack. this comfortless bed, to rise no more. In the
The left wing was commanded by Jerome morning their limbs were stiffened by cold
Buonaparte; the centre by Generals Reilly and wet, and they were unable to move. and Erlon, and the right by Count Lobau. Few places could be found sufficiently free The imperial guard was in reserve. The from mud to light a fire, and when the fire French army consisted of eighty thousand was lighted, the storm, which continued to men ; the Duke of Wellington had not more pour pitilessly down, immediately extin- than sixty-five thousand. The French regi. guished it. Buth armies equally suffered ; ments were the very élite of the army; but but the day soon broke, and the soldiers this was the first campaign which many of sprung on their feet eager for the combat. Wellington's troops had seen.
If the night was terrible to the soldiers, who were inured to the inclemency of the weather, it was far more dreadful to the THE FLOWER“ FORGET-ME-NOT." wretched inhabitants of the villages in the
(For the Mirror.) rear of the French army. It had always been DEAREST of all the flowers that gaily gleam, the policy of Napoleon at those critical times, In garden, field, or on the green hill's breast. when so much depended on the heroism of For link'd with thee, does foud remembrance seem, his troops, to relax the severity of his disci. With gentle memories round thy stem to rest !
Some absent friend, in fancy hovers near, pline, and to permit them to indulge in the Some al
Some form, o'er dale and hill divided far, most shameful excesses. They now aban. “ Forget-me-not!” in distant tones we hear, doned themselves to more than usual atro- Oh vain such prayers and parting wishes are ! cities. Every house was pillaged. The pro- Yet still, forget me not! when moonlight sleeps, perty which could not be carried away was
vas Ou gard-u walks where we together stray'd,
When twilight dews, each gentle floweret weeps, wantonly destroyed, and the inhabitants fled
And stars are gleaming o'er the shadowy glade. in despair to the woods.
Forget me not! when midnight gales are high, Notwithstanding the torrents of rain and
When voices seem to whisper faint and low,
eeded When clouds career along the autumn sky, in bringing up his whole army, in the course
my in the course Aud winds are tossing wide the poplar bough. of the night, and his numerous artillery,
Forget me not! when morning breaks serene,
When molest spring her dewy garland wears, consisting of more than three hundred pieces.
Forget me not !-when deck'd in summer sheen, He had feared that the British would retire With flowers all gay, thy peaceful home appears. ! in the night, and when he saw them at the And think on me! in the calm holy hour, dawn of day occupying the position of the Devotion's own, when thou in prayer art bending,
On thee may heaven its every blessing shower,
Still let our prayers, tho* absent, thus be blending! joy. “ Äh !” he exclaimed, “I have them,
ANNE, then, these English.” . A farmer, who lived near the house called Belle Alliance, was seized by the French,
STANZAS. and carried to Napoleon, who, mounting him
(For the Mirror.) on horseback, tying him to the saddle, and
The pigeon, carried from her peaceful nest,
Skims thro' the ether back again to roam ; giving the bridle into the hands of a trooper,
Spreads her glad wings, nor closes them to rest, compelled him to act as guide. Before any Tho' mountaius rise between her and her home. of the French troops were placed in the posi
So, should it be my destiny to track tions which they were to occupy, Napoleon A far-off land, or cross the yielding sea ; ascended å neighbouring eminence, and. When freed, I'll, as the faithful bird, turn back, acquainted himself with every feature of the Nor rest, my mother, 'till at home with thee!
H. F. surrounding country. His inquisitiveness knew no bounds. Not an inequality of the ground, not an hedge escaped him. He was
EPITAPH ON SHAKSPEARE. employed in this preparation during four or
Written in 1616, by an unknown author. five hours, and every observation was care
RENOWNED Spenser, lye a thought more nighe fully noted in a map, which he carried in his
To learned Chaucer; and rare Beaumont, lye hand.
A little nearer Spenser, to make roome The ground occupied by the two armies For Shakspear in your three-fold, four-fold tombe;
To longe all four in one bed make a shift was the smallest in extent of front, compared
Until doom's day, or hardly will a fifthe with the numbers engaged, in the recollec- Between this day and that, by fate be slaine tion of military men. The English line did not For whom your curtaines may be drawn againe.
A VISIT TO LIVERPOOL. in its midst; for it imparts activity and a BY AN AMERICAN."
daring spirit to all kindrei undertakings.
A Monument to the Memory of the illusChurches.
trious Nelson occupies the middle of the We passed one or two churches, built in a square. It is of bronze; but its design viohandsome style. In general, their exterior lates all the principles of correct taste. After was more showy than that of our own. They a while, out of the mass of savage figures, one were also larger than our churches ; but they detects the barbarous meaning of the artist. were not so thickly scattered through the ciry; A fearful represeutation of Death triumphs nor were their internal decorations so becom. over the dying victor; Britannia stands weeping and elegant. It is very unusual, for in- ing behind : while a British sailor comes up stance, to see a church richly carpeted; to to rescue or avenge the prostrate hero. Bansee one or more windows hung with rich cur- ners are floating desolately over them; and tains; and to find the beautiful and chaste anchors, cannon, and naval trophies lie mahogany pulpits which ornament our around. This is the idea, when extricated churches. It is true some of the pews, with from the embryo in which it is left by the their rich crimson cushions and velvet lining, designer. The new Custom-House is an equal our most beantiful ones; but there is elegant and extensive building. It is pot a bareness over the larger part of them, that
yet completed ; and, like other public as well makes a sad contrast with the handsome pews as private buildings in England, advances of a church of any of our large cities or towns. but' slowly. The celerity with which we Public buildings.
accomplish streets and squares, would be inThe public buildings did not strike me so credible in England. favorably as I had expected. Perhaps my
Cemetery. anticipations had been too high. The most The Cemetery occupies a very favourable imposing is the Town House, with its fine situation. It stands in the highest part of cupola, at the head of Castle Street. Though the city; and is removed, in a great measure, of the Corinthian order, its elegance is still from its business, bustle, dirt, and wretched. of the sterner kind. Its base is of rustic ness. The houses around have a more cheer. masonry; and gives it a massive air; and ing aspect; the air has a freer circulation; the dark stone of which the whole is built, and the thunder of the agitated city is softened adds to the stability, if not to the beauty of down, by distance, into a soothing hum. the building. A colossal figure of Britannia Here stands the receptacle of the dead. It presides over its swelling dome. Its interior, is enclosed by a low granite wall, surmounted though chiefly occupied by the local authori. by an iron railing; and the gateways are in ties, has a superb ball-room for public levees the Egyptian style. From the exterior we and parties. Behind the Town Hall, is a discerned nothing else than a Greciau temple, large Aagged square. It is enclosed by an and a beautiful porter's lodge, in excellent elegant extensive building; the three fronts keeping with the genius of the place. Along of which overlook this open space. These the borders there are smooth gravel-walks, form the Liverpool Exchange. The buildings shaded by trees; and their sides are tasteof the latter concentrate, in an admirable fully laid out and adorned with flowers of mupner, all the offices and facilities which the most pleasing hue. No one touches commercial men have occasion for, in the these. Even the little children stooped down speedy transaction of business. The News. and gazed at them, and left them uninjured. Room is a splendid hall ;-ninety-four feet “0, how pretty!'—said a sweet little child by fifty-two. ' The middle of the rooin is un near me, looking up in the face of her bro. occupied ; while elegant tables, liberally sup- ther, who was a few years older; “Mamma plied with magazines and newspapers, are loved flowers so, too !”—“Yes,” said he ; ranged along the sides. Many gentlemen “and Papa says that these are sacred to were sitting in chairs by these tables; or were Mamma's memory." May they rest there unwalking up and down the middle of the apart. harmed, thought I ; beautiful and touching ment. The ceiling was supported by five remembrancers of the delicate being that fine columns; which gave the hall a spacious once loved you! I did not pass away withand noble air. The adınirable arrangement out feeling an interest in this unknown grave, and great extent of this useful room, and, and its unknown occupant. indeed, of the whole building and its appur- We stood near the temple. A deep exca. tenances, must communicate a fine tone to the vation in the solid rock lay beneath us. It commercial consequence of the place. Such is five hundred feet long, and fifty-two feet in buildings serve as standards of a nation's en- depth. Inclined carriage-roads twine round terprise ; while they tend largely to increase the sides,-passing three successive galleries it.“ A city is deeply indebted, therefore, to of catacombs, before reaching the burial. the individual who projects a noble institution ground beneath. The latter is laid out in
• See our number for March 2, 1839, Volume 33; flower-beds and shrubberies : from the gratepage 130; No. 938.
ful shade of which the white marble funeral
urns and columns rise with a sweet and or Beltein, which evidently had its rise in chastened soberness. We descended. “How very early times, when a multiplicity of suitable an entrance to the place !"-said my heathen deities was acknowledged by their companion; as we passed through a gallery forefathers. cut in the solid rock; the length of which On the borders of their fields, where the changed the intense light of day, into the young green corn is just springing up in solemn obscurity of parting twilight. It promising beauty, and where seed of all ushered us once more into the light; but kinds is beginning to enamel the swart how changed was the scene! If there are mould, every herdsman of every village per. flowers and shrubs on one side of the carriage. forms the following sacrificial rite on the way, on the other are the silent mansions of first of this “merrie moneth," the month of the dead, hewn out of the massive rock. A May; and on the Sunday after, it is again flat marble slab, in the lower part of the repeated and again rejoiced over, in this Cemetery, formed the unconspicuous monu- manner :ment of the illustrious Huskisson. The T hey cut a square trench in the ground, whole scene is deeply impressive ; being at leaving a plot of turf central in the midst once grand, simple, solemn, and beautiful.* thereof: on this they lay large billets of
wood, and kindle a blazing fire : on this Markets
they dress a sandell of eggs, butter, oatmeal, I visited the markets while in Liverpool. and milk : and bring, besides the ingredients Their exterior is unadorned, but their interior of the caudle, plenty of foanning beer, and displays great profusion. There was the bright whisky; for each of the company same admirable arrangement which is to be must contribute something. The rites begin found in the Boston market; and the same with spilling some of the caudle on the variety of comforts and luxuries,-of meats ground, by way of libation : on that, every and vegetables, which there greet our eyes. one takes a cake of oatmeal, upon which are There was more game in the market than raised nine square knobs, each of which is would be commonly found in our own; but dedicated to some particular being, the suppot such a variety of water-fowl and fruit. posed preserver of their flocks and herds, or The profusion of the Liverpool market comes to some particular animal, the real destroyer all at once on the eye; for it is square, and of them: each person then turns his face is lighted from the roof; instead of presenting towards the red-flaming fire, breaks off a that succession of necessaries and luxuries, knob, and flinging it over his shoulder, says, which meets the eye in passing through the “ This I give to thee-preserve thou my horses, Boston market. In walking through an This unto thee-preserve thou my sheep;" English market, a stranger will often be urged and so on in this manner, from the first to to buy ;-—at least, by the fruit and oyster the ninth. women.
After this they use the same ceremony to
the noxious animals, thus, Manners and Customs. “This I give to thee, O Fox,-spare thou my Lambs.
This to thee, O hooded Crow,
This to thee, 0 Eagle !”.
When this ceremony, of course much pro. Toe month of May in all the calendars of longed, and interspersed with other mystic
evolutions of the body and voice, is conmankind, whether they be ancient or modern, appears universally at the period of its
cluded, the whole assembly sit down and incoming, to have been celebrated with rural,
commence their feasting, by dining upon and sometimes mystical rites. None, perhaps,
the caudle, and discoursing on the felicitous is more recondite or remarkable than that
prospects of the forth-coming year. Such which, on the first of May, and again or
is the festival of the Beltan. Sunday last, might have been seen enacted on the bleak altitudes of the Scottish High"lands. In those districts, the rural popula.
ANCIENT AND MODERN FELONRY OF tion prevails, and it is natural to expect,
ENGLAND. that, as such, they would use every possible An especial delight it is to the antiquary, to means in their power, to supplicate a good spend his time in observing the customs of and beneficent Providence to prosper their former ages; and as he places them in juxta. pastoral labours, and on the other hand to position with those which exist in his own propitiate the evil from hurting, or injuring day, to deduce from the parallel, those curious ihem. In token of this, the Highlanders of and interesting remarks which the contrast very recent days, according to Pennant, keep produces in his mind. Among the higher up a superstitious custom called Beltan, walks of antiquarian lore, more especially • A view of this spot, with some interesting parti
: such as relate to old and obsolete laws, culars respecting it, will be found in our number for
or there is no lack of sterling entertainment. February 23; at page 113 of our present volume. The subjoined passage, which is to be met