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LITERATURE, AMUSEMENT, AND INSTRUCTION.
Among the many literary and scientific in. It is lighted by a single range of five winstitutions that have of late years been esta dows on each side, placed 'at a considerable blished in the metropolis for the develop- height from the Alvor, and dressed with archiment of the human mind, none is more ap. traves and coruices. But, independently of propriately located, than the Eastern Insti. this degree of architectural decoration, the tution in the Conimercial Road ; and it trusses which support the ceiling, and the has already proved itself a place of great at. enrichments of the last-mentioned part, the traction, particularly on the evenings of the whole is quite bäre," owing to its being at musical performances.
present in an unfinished state, and without The architects, Messrs. Hopkins and Gray, any colour whatever to relieve it's monoto.' have here produced a very commodious struc- nousness and blankness. On this account, ture, although sparingly embellished exter. likewise, the two splendid chandeliers with Dally, possesses great degree of dignity. The gas-burners, which are of woul, richly carved : south end, or front, retires a little distance and gilt, now form too great a contrast with from the road, and consists chiefly of a Doric all the rest. Probably some gilding will be tetrastyle, with fluted columns; there being applied to the ceiling, and, were it also to be no windows either within or externally of the extended to the chainbranles, or dressings of portico, which circumstance is in itself fa. the windows, it woulil tend greatly to archivourable to the style adopted for the façade, tectural keeping as well as embellishment. and stamps it as a public building. The In fact, the roum requires only to be judi. general plau is a parellelogram, about one- ciously coloured and decorated to become a very half of which is occupied by the great room striking one; its dimensions being noble, and at the rear, or north end. This apartment, it being admirably fitted in itself to receive which measures 30 feet by 50, and is 36 embellishinent from the pencil, whether of high, has a segmeutal arched ceiling, and the colouring alone, or uf design likewise, espe. wall at the farther end forins a similar curve. cially the curved end, in front of which is the Vol. XXXIII.
orchestra. As a concert-room it is said to be I had not need to question long, it was soon answered.
Did I not learn and read from others ?-it was Love 1 unrivalled, and to be allowed by all the pro.
And could I longer hide from my owrself fessionalists who have attended the musical That all my heart was thine, and thine aloue. performances that have from time to time
And is my love to thee now chang'd ?
Is the tie broken, which then bound me? . been given in it, to be most admirably con.
Nay rather it has strengthened with my years, trived for sound-indeed, to be superior in And it will last till death, -unless that respect to any other concert-room in the Thine own inconstancy shall break the chain. metropolis. The benches have handsome
M. S-k. stuffed cushions and mahogany backs, both which can be removed, so that, when the AN AMERICAN IN ENGLAND. room is required for public meetings, or
In the year 1831, Mr. Maclellan, an Amesimilar purposes, the seats are transformed
rican student of divinity, came over to Edininto mere forms, which cannot be damaged
burgh, in order to complete his studies at by persons stepping over them, or standing
the University there. Accordingly, he atupon them. Whenever the room comes to
tended the lectures of Dr. Chalmers, Profesbe decorated, some additional dressings and
sor Wilson, and others, during the session of embellishments ought to be bestowed upon
that, and of the following year ;--devoting the door, in order to give it that architectural
the intermediate summer to a tour on the importance which will make it accord with Continent. During the whole of his travels the size and character of the apartment.
he kept a journal; and as we had the pleasure
of his personal acquaintance while in Edin. PETRARCH AND LAURA.
burgh, and mingled with him in many of the I SAT beside her, and she seem'd
scenes he describes, we can vouch for the A being betwixt man and angel form'd, So lovely was her presence 1 .
general accuracy of his sketches. His proI gaz'd on her, and thought, oh, that thine heart mising career was cut short by death, three Were mine! or mine so closely wove
months after he reached home; but his jour. Amid the fibres of thine own, that both
nal, in a condensed form, has been published Might beat in one! For thou art good, art beautiful, and fair.
since; and may be procured at Mr. Hodson's And I will love thee with such holy love
“ Dépôt for American Publications,” FleetAs angels feel, when to their harps' high sounds,
Street. We intend to extract a few of the They chaunt, responsive, melody in heaven.
graphic descriptions with which the work
abounds. They will give our readers an INSCRIPTIONS FROM THE BELLS OF accurate notion of the first impressions pro. KINVER, STAFFORDSHIRE.
duced on a stranger, on visiting our island. For the Mirror. (Transmitted by Mr. Allen.)
First View of England. 1 Bell. Cui Deus Pater Ecclesia est Mater.
After a voyage of twenty days, our ship 2 ditto. In Christo solo spem meam repono.t 3 ditto. In suo templo Numen adoro.t
dropped anchor in the Mersey. Green 4 ditto. Opem petentibus subvenit Deus.
hedges of hawthorn, supplied the place of our Translations.
wooden fences and stone-walls. The fields • Whom God is Father to the church is mother to. are not planted with apple orchards so thickly + In Christ alone I rest my hope.
as in our land ; but the regular furrows I adore the Deity in his own temple.
with which nearly the whole landscape was $ God grants help to those who ask for it.
sketched over, indicated a high state of cultiThe above-named bells were cast at Gloucester, by
vation. The undulations were soft; and if, Abel Rudhall, 1746.
therefore, less striking than the steep hill. TO •••••
sides, retired valleys, and melting lines of (For the Mirror.)
beauty which distinguish our scenery, they I loved theel e'er I knew the meaning of the word, at least communicated a spirit of unity and And when as children, we did play,
studied proportion to the whole view. The And shared each little pleasure,
houses in the villages stood side by side, in Whose voice delighted, or whose praise Sounded so sweet unto mine ears as thine ?
undeviating lines ; and instead of our lovely But years passed on,
white cots and villas, a few prominent man. And then, a strange and awkward shyness,
sions reigned over the whole scene.
Ladies in Hats.
We were near enough to one of the man. Was bursting o'er me, I began to think
sions to see a servant in livery leading up a More on thee, to ponder o'er thy every word and look. pair of saddle-horses ; on which a gentleman Each sliglit was keenly felt, each kindness
and lady mounted, and rode gracefully off, Made my heart to bound with joy. Thy tone, thy touch, would send
until we lost sight of them behind a grove of The tell-tale blood rushing in torrents
trees. “I declare," said a fellow-countryman Over brow and neck.
on board, " that lady wears her husband's hat And why? I asked myself should it be thus. It was not so with others, nor did I feel
capitally.” I afterwards remarked that this That pleasure in another's company I did in thine, was the usual head-dress of ladies when on
horseback. It was singular to my eyes; but brick was not so smooth; it was rarely it certainly had an air of security.
painted white; it was not sustained on gra.
nite-bases, as is almost always the case with Picture of Liverpool.
us ; nor were the handles of the doors, and In the midst of the transparent air, there the bell-knobs, so often plaited with silver as was a dense cloud ; which rose up among a is usual in our cities. Yet if, in general, forest of masts, lines of houses, turrets, and the houses fell beneath our own in brightness steeples. It was the smoke; which, like an and beauty, nevertheless there were, here and evil spirit, hangs day and night over the great there, houses of uncommon splendour; which city of Liverpool. A little black steamer would have surpassed our most expensive now came briskly up to us. It was a custom buildings. I expected this. Wealth is mohouse boat. It received our letters, and the nopolized by the few; hence there is not that cabin passengers; and, in a few minutes, we beautiful gradation of style which charactewere running rapidly by the ducks; the mas. rizes everything at home. You would look, sive stone-walls of which shut up the ship therefore, for shoeless beggars and brilliant ping of this commercial metropolis. Here equipages; and you find them. The society and there the large basins communicated, by of Liverpool, so far as I came into contact tide-gates, with the water of the river. The with it, I found refined and agreeable. An regular character of these docks, and the American who goes to Liverpool expecting to peculiar slope given to the yards of all the find beauty, brilliancy, and life impressed on vessels which fill them, have an imposing everything, will be disappointed. It unappearance. Perhaps this unity made its doubtedly possesses a vast amount of wealth ; commerce appear to me more extensive than but this must be seen in its costly docks, and it really is; for my impression was, that the extensive warehouses, and the canals which shipping in the harbour, at that time, did glide into its deep treasure-houses, and its not fall much short of that of New York and path-way of iron, with its cars laden with Boston combined. I was disappointed with precious merchandize. Of its politeness and the appearances of the stores (warehouses affability, he must not take the first outward along the docks. They were built of brick; appearance as the measure; for behind the but the brick was not only irregular in shape, dark and unprepossessing appearances which when compared with ours; but its face was strike him at first, he will find there all the rough, and much soiled with dust and coal- sweet courtesies which give a charm to life. smoke. A dark piazza ran along their front;
An English Equipage. the face of the buildings resting on square pillars. As far as we could see, all was Here comes a splendid carriage! How it bustle. Heavy drays, and large wagons drawn whirls along! It has four horses. Two by huge horses and loaded with cotton, thun. “jockeys” bestride them ;-bobbing up and dered over the pavements. Three things down, as they kick and spur along at a furi. struck me in particular, as soon as I entered ous rate. They are a singular genus ;-much Liverpool ; - the large size and powerful the same all over England. They are accou. appearance of the dray-horses ; the vast ex- tred in a round riding-cap, a short blue pea. tent and prison-like aspect of the warehouses; coat, tight buckskin breeches, white-topand the convenience and stability of the boots, spurs, and a short whip; and have a docks. But while the warehouses were so round red face, just suited to their habili. immense, the streets were narrow and choked ments. The footman peers up proudly beup ;- the side-walks by men, women, and hind. He looks with elevated disdain on all children (nearly all of whom were clothed in beneath his conspicuous station. In his wretched garments); and the rest of the gold-laced hat, his new blue coat profusely street by carts loaded with merchandize. A decorated with the same, his red velvetnarrow strip of sky, grey with smoke, shone breeches, his white silk-stockings, his po. diinly above; lighting up the street, it is lished shoes, and his unsullied wash-leather true; but not with that transparent bright. gloves, behold the man of place and dignity! ness which cheers our towns. The shops in The carriage stopped at a splendid house we these streets had a contracted and indigent were passing. One “jockey” sprung from air. After breakfast, I walked with my his horse; the footman tripped down from American companion to the upper part of the behind ; pulled the hell; and a kindred spirit town. In this direction the city had more opened the door, bowing his powdered head the air of Boston, or New York, than the most complacently. The carriage-door was streets which I had hitherto seen. In gene opened; and a very beautiful, graceful, and ral, however, the houses (which were arranged elegantly-dressed young lady was handed out. like our own, in connected streets or retired She entered, and we passed on; while the “courts,”') were not so elegant as the ranges two lacqueys exchanged compliinents togewhich distinguish our cities. They were ther on the steps. We admired the beautiful not so much adorned by beautiful porticoes, complexion of the lady; and the elegant simpiazzas, and blinds, as our habitations. The plicity of her dress. An elegant simplicity of taste seemed to me always a pleasing ponderous elephant in the centre of the line, characteristic of English ladies of the first and habited, as the day before, in his dark rank. There is not so much of the French crimson shawl-cloth tunic, trousers, and tur. diversity of dress. Beauty is never so attrac- ban, without any tinsel or trinkets-in short, tire, as when simply, yet elegantly adorned. without any relief to the uniformity of his It shines like the diamond out of the chaste exterior than that presented by a flowing gold which it decorates.
N. R. white beard ; the sagacious old man came
out in strong contrast with his richly-clad atManners and Customs. tendants and chieftains. On closing with the
Governor-general, who, dressed in the blue
and gold uniform of a minister of state, hore LORD AUCKLAND'S VISIT TO MAHARAJAH himself throughout as a nobleman might be RANJEET SINGH.
expected to do on such an occasion, the This imposing interview took place, Nov. Makarajah saluted his lordship, and received 30, 1838. The Governor-general, (Lord Auck. him into his howdah, upon which the cannon land) and his suite, having nearly approached again “spoke to the trumpet," and the the camp of Maharajah, a discharge of artil- columns of elephants, now united, proceeded lery announced that he had left his tents, and to the durbar tents. The arrival at the destiin a few minutes afterwards, his highness nation was the signal for another salute from might be seen coming to meet his noble the batteries of Runjeet Singh's horse arvisitors, in all the pump and circumstance' tillery, while bands of music, uncommonly peculiar to an oriental procession.
well trained, played our national anthem, and The scene which now presented itself is loud clarions proclaimed the glory of the utterly begond description. All that the ima- Maharajah. The tents were enclosed within gination can conceive of human grandeur, all a vast area of crim on cloth walls, about nine that the most exuberant fancy can devise in feet high, and decorated with yellow lace. its endeavours to portray the scene of royal Within the enclosure, in well-arranged ranks, splendour, was here bodied forth. Adown forming numerous allies and guards of honour, the avenue formed by the serried ranks of stood some 2,000 or 3 000 of the household hundreds of steady horsemen, whose steel troops of the Maharajah, clad, for the most casques and gay appointments glittered in the part, in crimson silk, or elegant kincaub, and sun, moved two masses of elephants, bearing armed with highly-polished matchlocks and on their lofty backs the mightiest potentates shields. The most perfect order, the most of the Orient, seated in their gorgeous how profound silence prevailed, broken only by dahs, and attended by the chief officers of the royal band (formerly in the service of the their respective courts, sumptuously attired. Begum Sumrov,) and the murmurs of approBeyond were seen columns upon columns of bation proceeding from European lips. Alightscarlet-clad and helmeted troops, “all fur. ing within this splendid enclosure, the Mahanished, all in arms,” arrayed with a precision rajah conducted Lord Auckland, the Comand preserving a steadiness worthy of the best mander-in-chief, and their suite, to the durbar European discipline; while behind and about tent, which consisted of a splendidly-carpeted their ranks, stretching to the east and to the Alvor, provided with numerous gold and silver west, was an extensive encampment, in the chairs, and covered in by a spacious surmeeaun, centre of which were numerous tents of crim- lined with shawl cloth, placed in front of the son and gold, indicating the chosen abode of Maharajah's principal pavilion. Here the a powerful military chieftain. Crowded to whole assembly took their seats, and the gether, at viewing distance from the legions, ceremony of the introductions took place, thousands of spectators of the humbler classes Major Wade, and Mr. W. H. Macnaghten, stood in ranks, preserving a silence, a deco. who sat ou Lord Auckland's right, acting as rum, and an immobility, which proved the ex. interpreters on the behalf of the Euglish istence of a severe military discipline, even in visitors. As the British off.cers were severally the walks of civil life. No shouts rent the introduced to Runjeet Singh, he addressed a air, save the licensed clamours of some rude few words to thein, and rallied Colonel Skinfaqueer; no vociferous cheers manifested ner upon their old acquaintanceship. The the exuberant joyousness of a happy popula- principal Sirdars then presented themselves, tion. The admiration of the people-if ad- and severally did homage to their chief, remiration it were--was only depicted in their ceiving a few complimentary salaams, and silent awe and breathless astonishment, or now and then an expression of good will. kept in check by the apprehension of high When the presentations were over, a band of displeasure. Not many minutes elapsed be. Nautch girls, bedizened with jewellery, and fore the transient view here attempted to be beautified after their fashion with missee, described was interrupted by the rencontre silver-dust, &c. were called in, and formed a of the two stately processions. It was not little circle, while the inost celebrated baya. difficult to distinguish the Maharajah from dere treated the company to a few of those his proud and gallant Sirdars, seated on a singular movements, which here pass for
dancing. The shawls,'trinkets, cloths, &c., HOROLOGIA HISTORIA.
THE CLOCK-SPHERES OP THE ANCIENTS. then appropriated by the officers of the Go
(For the Mirror.) vernor-general's suite after the ordinary sys. It is probable, that from the most remote tem. The horses, &c., were then inspected; times there have been methods of different and here terminated the ceremonials of the kinds, and instruments of various forms and meeting on the modern “ Field of the Cloth principles, used to keep some kind of an acof Gold.” Some little time was passed in count of time; the variation of the lengths visiting the different tents, iuspecting the fur- and different positions of the shadows cast niture and other paraphernalia, and con- by vertical objects, would, doubtless, be the versing with the chief sirdars; and the Go. first observations made for determining the vernor general then offered his adieus to the different times of the day; for the shadows of Maharajah, resumed his seat in the howdah, objects, as is well known, follow in an oppoand departed in the order of his coming, the site direction of the sun; thus, in all counhorse artillery, as before, lionouring the event tries, and at all times, when the sun is by a royal salute.
rising in the east, the shadows of objects
cast on any plane will be towards the west; HUNGER AND GOLD.
and on the contrary, when the sun is westerly,
the shadow falls eastward; and at the time of PITHIUS, a Lydian prince, had many gold the sun's coming to the meridian, the shadows mines in his small dominions. His poor east will fall in a line at right angles to the subjects were used like slaves, and he con- equator, or due north and south. All these strained them to work in his mines, by day and remarkable changes could, I should imagine, night, without giving them the least respite. not fail to arrest the attention of man, His princess, who had a large portion of even in the most rude and uncivilized stategood sense and humanity, was desirous to re. for the patriarchs of old, accustomed as they form this inordinate passion in her husband, were to seek the shelter afforded by the fine for though he possessed such large quantities trees of their climate, must have observed, of gold, he was reluctant to purchase even and, perhaps, with astonishment, the con. the necessaries of life, and his only pleasure tinual motion of the shade under which they was to hoard it up, and the beholding of it delighted to sit, whilst enjoying their meals, with his insatiable eyes.
or sheltering themselves, during repose, fron Seeing a favourable opportunity, when he the noontide heat-from which it is easy to returned one day from the amusements of imagine that the first instrument used to the chase, exceedingly hungry, she took care keep an account of time, would be some to have large chargers full of massy wedges sort of machine, so constructed, as t.) imiof gold served in for dinner. The prince was, tate the motions of the shadows cast by ver. at first, inuch pleased with the spectacle, and tical objects; and the idea derives considerable gazed upon the gold with peculiar affection; support from the curious fact, that the very but this delightful and brilliant sight did not first instrument recorded, is precisely of this remove the urgent cravings of hunger, and nature, namely, the famous dial of Ahaz, of he begged of his princess that he might have which we learn, from biblical history, that something to eat.
about seven hundred and thirteen years before The prudent princess then addressed her the birth of Christ, the King Hezekiah re. husband with a smiling countenance, “ Now volted against the Assyrian King Sennacharib, is not this what you like best." “ You to whom he was tributary, but was overpowered jest,” said the prince, “ I cannot feed upon by Sennacherib, who took from him several gold; and I might starve, though I had in of his fortified cities, and ultimately threatpossession all the treasures of that rich metal ened Jerusalem; and Hezekiah finding that which the world can afford.” The princess he was in danger of losing both his life and replied, " it must, therefore, be a great fault, kingdom, made his peace as he could with and the extreme of folly, to have so great a the Assyrian conqueror; and about this time passion for a thing that lies useless in your he was taken seriously ill, and warned by the chests. Be persuaded, my dear prince, that Prophet Isaiah of his approaching end, but, sums locked up are not wealth, and are only by his prayers and entreaties, he induced the valuable when they are exchanged for the Lord to order the prophet to return to him, necessaries and coinforts of life" Pithius and promise that not only should he recover, took the hint given by his prudent and hu. but also that his life should be prolonged fifteen mane princess. He was quickly so altered years, and his kingdom suved from the imin his dispositions, that he became as gene. pending danger of Syrian invasion;
pending danger of Syrian invasion; but Herous as he had formerly been covetous.
zekiah scarcely crediting these contradictory communications from the prophet, he asked for some signal proof, which the prophet ob. tained for him by his prayers; and this proof