state of the law. Singularly mount of indulgence, which indifferent as the Noble and had excited so much anLearned Lord had shewn xiety and alarm in the mind himself about the state of of the Noble and Learned the law when they were

Lord ? He had heard it called upon to coerce, all said by a Right Reverend his legal partialites and Prelate, that this concession anxieties revived when they would be galling to the were called


to extend dignity and high character a little indulgence; and of the Church. He (Lord not a step must they stir in H.) was an unlearned man, the work of charity, till but if he understood any men, nursed in doubt, and thing of the character of cherishing the sinews of the Christian Church, or their uuderstandings by rather, of the character of such doubts, were satisfied, Christianity, it was lowand had resolved all their liness and charity, and not difficulties. Like the Right dignity and lofty pride. Reverend Prelate, the Hon- Did the Right Reverend ourable and Learned Lord Prelate mean to say, that had declared, that if a sin- it would be an insult to the gle stone were touched, Church of England if perthere was no saying what sons out of the pale of that would become of the whole Church were admitted to fabric of the Church. the civil advantages of mar“ Coerce and restrain,” ar- riage ? This was all the gued the Noble and Learn- Unitarians asked ; and he ed Lord, " to what extent (Lord H.) must say, if he you please, if coercion and might be allowed to give an restriction be prudent, and opinion as an unlearned I care not what the state of man, that it would be much the law is; but I will grant more in conformity to the nothing in the way of con- spirit and principles of the cession-I will concede no- gospel to extend than to thing on the score of li- deny this relief. In his berality-I will not stir a opinion, the Bill was calsingle step in the path of culated to afford as much indulgence,

relief to the_clergy of the doubt is removed, every Church of England as to scruple satisfied, and all the

Dissenters; for, deeply possible bearings and con- impressed as the clergy sequences of the law are dis- must be with the imtinctly ascertained.” And,

portance of their religious after all, what was this con- opinions on the subject of cession, what this great a- the Trinity, they could not

until every

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but feel it-he would not pay at least an outward say degrading, for there

homage to doctrines which could be no degradation in we know that in your discharging a duty - but hearts you revile and desthey could not fail to feel it pise.” This was not true a most painful and irksome dignity; this was not high duty to hear the name which character ; but it was that they never invoked without encroaching spirit of ecclethe greatest awe and so- siastical intolerance, it was lemnity, pronounced by that haughty, uncharitable, persons who felt far differ

overflow of Pharisaical ently. He could not but pride, which every man think, therefore, that the who loved the Church Estasentiments expressed by blishment, every man who the Learned Metropolitan really understood the nawere most consistent both ture of religious duties, with those feelings of liber- must wish to see banished ality and of true Christain from the Church of Eng. piety, which should distin- land. The Noble and Learn. guish a great Christian

ed Lord professed an archurch. Where was the dent and anxious love for pleasure which it seemed the Church, and was at to be supposed was to be de- liberty to do so; but realrived from the haughty and ly to talk of such a Bill as intolerant language of those this as aiming blows against dignitaries of the Churrch, her interests and dignities, who were opposed to this was rather too much. He slight concession? Where

had just been reading an was the delight of being eloquent invective against able to say to the Dissent- exaggeration, which would ers,

“You pretend to have be well worthy of the Noconscientious opinions of ble Lord's attention On a your own, but what is the

former night, when a Right value of your opinions ?

Reverend Prelate expressed We hold the only infal- some anxiety about the lible opinions-opinions ap;

tithes and dues, the Noble proved by Parliament, and and Learned Lord said, lauded by princes and kings;

these you are degraded indivi- tions of very inferior imduals, who are allowed to portance, for if you once pick up the crumbs from allow such a Bill as this to our table, and we, in all

pass--if you

once allow our lordly and priestly pride, Unitarians to enjoy tho will compel you to use same civil privileges with equivocating language, and respect to marriage as Jews


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opinions, together, instead of being a plan to get rid of this union and to separate people who agreed so ill. If the Church was handmaid under the operation of this Bill, which only used her for the purpose of registration, what was she as the law now stood ?--She participated now, not merely .with one member, but“ toto corpore.” She was not a handmaid, but the prostitute to civil purposes. The Noble Lord says

“ God forbid that the Church should register you, you set of Deists, Atheists, and what not: but though she shan't register you, she shall administer to and participate with you all her most sacred rites.” So stood the law at present. Though perhaps many of the Right Reverend Bench might think him more Popishly inclined than themselves, he was unwilling to see the Church of England giving countenance and encouragement to such prevarication. But the Noble and Learned Lord had advised them to place the Unitarians on the footing as the Jews and Quakers. Would he support

such Bill if he took him at his word ? And a pretty preface he had given to such recommendation; for when he came to describe what that footing

was, he confessed himself, after some hesitation, unable to explain it! Fifteen days, he says, had he been arguing and considering the point, and then even he says

he does not know what it is! What, then, must be the situation of the Uni. tarians, if the Noble and Learned Lord's arguments were to be adopted as the outline of any Bill for their relief? What had all the doubts about the common law to do with the question before them? On that point, he must beg leave to remind the Noble and Learned Lord of the way he had treated him former occasions. membered that, on occasion, when he (Lord H.) took an active part against the Alien Bill, he asked the Noble and Learned Lord to inform him, in point of courtesy-for their Lordships had no right to call upon

the Noble and Learned Lord to give a legal opinion--who were aliens and who were not. He could, however, get no satisfactory answer from the Noble and Learned Lord on that point. In vain did he


that it was a subject of great importance, and that, when they were called upon to subject a large body of men to arbitrary power, in a manner uncongenial to the princi





ples of the law, they ought at least to know who aliens were. With this view, he proposed seven questions, to be referred to the judges. The Noble and Learned Lord, however, declined giving any answer to his inquiry, and declared, that whoever might come under the description of aliens, it was prudent to subject them to the provisions of the Alien Bill. On another occasion, when the Bill for detaining Napoleon was under discussion-a Bill which, he should ever maintain, reflected disgrace and dishonour on the character of this nation-he (Lord H.) wished to know from the Noble and Learned Lord what the state of the law was, before they proceeded to legislate on the subject. In vain did he ask whether, looking to all the circumstances under which Napoleon Bonaparte had fallen into our power, he could be legally considered as a prisoner of war or not. In vain did he ask whether we had a right to call upon Napoleon for local allegiance; and whether, if we had a right to call upop him for local allegiance, he had not an equal right to call upon us for protection. In vain did he apply to the well known learning and great abilities of the Noble and Learned Lord, to know

whether an action for debt,

defamation, or libel, might or not be brought in the name of Napoleon Bonaparte. All the Noble and Learned Lord said on that occasion was, either that he did not know, or he would not tell. The Noble and Learned Lord treated the question in a very cavalier manner, and declared, that whatever the state of the law might be, it would make no diñerence as to the vote he should give on that Bill ; and that if the law gave Napoleon any advantage inconsistent with national security, it was no reason why the Bill should not pass. Such was the indifference of the Noble and Learned Lord as to the state of the law on questions involving points of great constitutional importance. But how was this indifference consistent with the line which the Noble and Learned Lord had taken to-night ? When they were discussing laws of coercion, restriction, and severity, the Noble and Learned Lord had not the slightest anxiety to ascertain the state of the existing law ; but when they were called upon to pass this little act of miserable and extorted indulgence, then the Noble and Learned Lord felt the greatest anxiety and alarm as to the

and Quakers, there will be an end to the whole thing there will be no Church away may go all such little things as tithes and emoluments; the dignity of the Church is gone for ever if this Bill passes." Now, if there were any ground for this reasoning, if the dictum of this Protestant Pope were infallible, that respectable and venerable matron the Church of Ireland was already extinct,for Unitarians might marry in Ireland, without being forced into the inside of a church. If the Noble and Learned Lord, therefore, did not retreat from his own argument, he must admit that there was in reality no Church in Ireland, and a glorious thing this would be when they came to discuss the revenues of this Irish Church. Now, they should have full play to deal with her tithes and properties. What would the Noble and Learned Lord care for such little considerations as these? The dignity of the Church was gone-Unitarians could marry as they pleased. Oh unfortunate Ireland! This then was the climax of her miseries--this the key to all her distresses. Her venerable Church was gone, for the Unitarians were not bound to swallow there the doctrine of the Trinity.

Really, really, all this was too preposterous to argue with.

What then was the evil to the Church, that the Noble Lord had in his head ? He found it easy enough to talk loudly of certain evils which were to befal us, and especially which were to befal the Dissenters, for he was most anxious on their account it would seem, but hów all this dreadful catastrophe was to come about nobody could make out. He (Lord H.) was on the contrary anxious that the Bill should pass, because it gave relief to a highly moral and valuable class of the community, (judging of them by their fruits, because it would afford that relief, without in any way interfering with those precautions which, whether wisely or unwisely, had been tak en by the Legislature against clandestine marriages; and because it did 80 without depriving either the clergy or any other classes of the fair privileges which they now enjoyed. With respect to the question of registration, of which so much had been said, it formed no part of the institutions of the Church of England; it had no ecclesiastical foundation ; it was, in fact, a mere civil regulation imposed by an Act of Parlia

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