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CHRISTIAN BIOGRAPHY. with a singularly placid disso.
lution. No one ever more gloWilliam Leechman, D. D. Prin. riously exemplified the supports
cipal of the University of and consolations of revealed reGlasgow.
ligion: his was a triumph over William Leechman was born, the darkness and desolation of 1706, at Dolphinston in Lanark- the tomb. Dr. Leechman wrote shire, receiving there his gram- The Life of Dr. Hutcheson, premar learning, and completing fixed to his System of Moral his education in the University
Philosophy Two most excelof Edinburgh. Having been en- lent volumes of Sermons were gaged in private tuition, he soon published after his decease by turned his attention to the study
Dr. Wodrowe, who accompani. of theology. In 1731, he was ed them with a MEMOIR of this licensed to preach, and continu- truly good man, exhibiting, as ed for five years withont prefer- in a lucid mirror, the amiable ment. He became Minister of and liberal spirit of Christianity. Beith, where he laboured with -Evans's Sequel to the Sketch. great fidelity. In 1740, he preached and published his masterly ESSAYS, EXTRACTS, &c. sermon on the Temper, Character, and Duty of a Minister of Christian Moderation. the Gospel; and, in 1743, print- In order to preserve a proper ed his sermon on Prayer, of modesty as to our notions and equal celebrity. Not long after- sentiments about things of doubtwards he was raised to the divi- ful disputation, and the circum‘nity chair at Glasgow, which he stantials of religion, and to abate filled for many years with extra- that positivcness io our own way, ordinary ability: His pupils were which is so opposite to real huminumerous, and his lectures gave lity, and which leads us to comhigh satisfaction. In 1744, he plain of the pride of other men's visited London along with a pri- understandings, when there is no vate pupil, forming an intimacy other reason for the charge, than with Lardner, Benson, and the that they cannot adopt our notifirst theologians of the day. In ons and phrases- let us seriously .1761, he was affected by a pul- ask ourselves the following quesmonary complaint, but relieved tions:-Can I pretend to a clearby a visit to Bristol Hotwells. He er understanding, to a more dtlinow was made Principal of the gent and impartial inquiry into University of Glasgow, which he revelation, or to greater degrees continued to be for a long period, of divine illumination, than all dying in 1785, after an illness others who differ in opinion from of some length, but was blessed me? What grounds have I to
imagine that I am in the full pos- bove two years ago, he declined session of all divine truths : Do making application for a living I not acknowledge that I may which is in the gift of the Briserr: What security then have I, tol Corporation, (and which, it is that I do not actually err in some understood, he had good reason instances, amidst the multitude to expect, through the influence of opinions which I hold: May of a near relative who is a resa I not be in a mistake, nay, in pectable member of it,) lest be many mistakes, though I am not should thus be biassed in his conscious of the particular in- search after truth; and then asstances? Is there not ground to signed to that gentleman the expect that the admission into state of his mind in reference to the regions of perfect light will the doctrines of the Church of prove not only an enlargement, England, as the reason of his des but a correction of former views, clining to make the proposed apto men of the wisest, best, and plication. On the 13th of Jafairest minds ? Such questions, nuary, after the morning service, seriously put, and urged upon our a Meeting of the Lewin's Mead own consciences in silence ad Congregation was held, at whichi retirement, and under the awful the Rev. John Rowe was called impression of the presence of the to the chair; and the Rev. Dr. great Searcher of hearts, would Carpenter proposed the follownaturally check that presumptu- ing resolution, which ous confidence that our own par-conded by Richard Bright, Esq. ticular views are certainly right, and carried unanimously: which is so common in the world, “ That this Meeting have great and so frequently accompanied satisfaction in the result of the with that wrath of man—which Rev. S. C. Fripp's examination never works the righteousness into the important points at is of God. Dr. Leechman.
sue between the Unitarian and
the Trinitarian; and cordially RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE. congratulate him on his open,
firm, and temperate avowal of
those sentiments to which he Secession of the Rev. S. C. Fripp has been led by a deliberate and from the Established Church. (they doubt not) serious and ear
We are informed, that on Sun- nest inquiry after Religious day evening, January the 6th, Truth: That they respect the con(1822) the Rev. s. C. FRIPP, of scientious motives which have Bristol, late a Clergyman of the induced him, as a consequence Established Church, delivered, in of his relinquishing the TrinitaLewia’s Mead, to a very crowded rian Doctrines of the Church of congregation, a Discourse on the England, to secede from its Comleading doctrines of Unitaria- munion and Worship, and to nism, explicitly avowing his a- give up his prospect of preferdoption of them and consequent ment in it; and they trust that secession from the Church. It Providence will open a door of is well known to several of our usefulness and comfort for him readers, that Mr. Fripp has long in the Ministry amoug the Unibeen engaged in religious inqui- 1 tarian Dissenters: And, that they ry; and that, during the greater beg him to accept their respectpart of the time, he has avoided ful thanks for his able and exofficiating as a clergyman. A- I cellent. Discourse delivered in
this place last Lord's-day even- est respect on August 31, 1821, ing; and believing that the ex- and with the liveliest satisfactis tensive diffusion of it through on. He has perused it, and con the press would promote the municated the same to others, great cause of Christian Truth and will communicate it further and Charity, they earnestly so- hereafter. Allow me, however, licit him to pablish it, as speedi- to observe, that the term Uni ly as his convenience will al- tarian, sanctioned by the laws low."
of the country, is in such general On the motion of William use with the followers of every Towgood, Esq. seconded by Ar- religious persuasion in Transylthis Palmer, Esq. it was then vania, that we do not even like resolved. unanimously, that the to be addressed under any other Chairman be requested to ad- title, such as Socinians, disciples dress a letter to Mr. Fripp, in of Servetus, &c. I am fully per: the name of the Meeting, ex- suaded that the same Professor pressive of the sentiments of the will shortly be authorized to foregoing Resolution.--Monthly transmit to you, Reverend Sir, Repository.
by the public post, similar in
formation respecting the UnitaTBANSYLVANIA.
rian body in Transylvania, in (From the Christian Reformer.) conformity with the wishes and Unitarian Fund Report, 1822. joint counsels of the priocipal
Translation of a Latin Letter professors of that faisha from TRANSYLVANIA, which In the mean time, I, the up was read at the apnual Meet- dersigned Unitarian of Transyling of the Society, held at vanian Hungary, (for among the Parliament-Court Chapel, Lon- Hungarians alone, with the exdon, on May 29, 1822.
ception of a few Saxons and Superscribed : To the Rev. W. Poles, whose descendants have J. Fox, Dalston, near Lon- | long since become Hungarians, don; or to the Rev. R. As- flourished at first, and still conpland, Hackney, near Londoni. tinues to flourish in 120 churchBy the public post, through es, comprehending 40,000 souls Vienna to Paris, and thence purely Hungarian, that holy re
to London, from Clausenberg. ligion which throughout the Reverend Sir, and Minister of the world is most appropriately termDivine Word,
ed Unitarian,) take upon my. The much valued and most self to transmit in this letter soine „acceptable letter, in print, dated such intelligence as, however, imLondon, April 30, 1821. which perfect, may yet neem worthy you have been pleased to to be laid before the English direct to the Professor of Soci- Unitarian Church, concerning the nian Theology at Clausenberg, | rise and progress of our own, its brought to land, safe and sealed,past vicissitudes and its present by the public post of Vienna, the state, as it exists in this Principublic Professor of Unitarian pality; for in the kingdom of Theology in the Unitarian Col- Hungary there is no Unitarian lege at Clausenberg, who is, -Church. moreover, a member of the ge- After the fate of Michael Seren meral Consistory of Unitarians, vetus at Geneva, in the loth cene and a Pastor of Clausenberg, re- tury, the Unitarian religion was ceived with feeliags of the great introduced into Transylvania m
bout the year 1562, from Poland, or change of the Austrian Einand by some Italians, especially perors and ruling authorities of George Blandrata, physician and Transylvania, an oath to the counsellor to the court : by like effect is renewed not only Faustus Socinus it tas manfully by the states and orders, legisladefended ; and by various inha- tive, but by all the followers of bitants of the principality of Na- every religion acknowledged or tiones it was propagated among not acknowledged: for there are their Hungarian neighbours: in- some religions not recognized somuch that two reigning Hun by the laws, but only tolerat garian Princes of this principali ed, as the Jewish, that of the ty, namely, first, John Zapollya Greek ritual, the Armenian, and II. king and prince, and in later others. According, then, to times, Moses Siculus, reigning the fundamental laws of our Prince of the Electorate of Na- country, the principality of tiones, both, with many nobles, Transylvania, the Unitarian recounsellors and ministers of the ligion enjoys equal rights and princes, embraced the aforesaid privileges with the three other religion. Nay, even in subse- religions in admissibility to all quent times, no impediment what- the state offices of emolument, ever has been thrown in the way even the highest, and of what of the Unitarians by the other pature soever, connected with three religions and their adher- the princes and the realm. The ents, viz. the Roman Catholic, free exercise of the four religions the reformed Calvinistic, and is recognized by law, one of the Augsburgh Lutheran, (which which as before stated, is the were already even then received Unitarian. Nay, even with resand diffused through the princi- pect to those which are only topality) in the free exercise of lerated, thanks to Almighty God! their religion, and in the lu- there is no impediment, no .concrative functions or honour- straint: it is freely open for able offices of the principa- them, as for the professors of lity. For the states and orders any other faith, to build their of the same three religions churches, steeples, academies, colequally with the Unitarians en- leges, gymnasia, and schools, joying the legislative power, at their own expense. There by the consent of many reigning is no persecution of the Unitarian princes in the public diets of all faith or of its professors under the states and orders of the king- | present most glorious empire. dom, they admitted and formally We live with the rest, and the confirmed, by mutual votes and dissentients of every persuasion counsels, the Unitarian religion live with us in praiseworthy conas the fourth religion of the cord and mutual toleration. state and a legitimate and Our Confession of faith, our amicable union being contracted Form of Catechizing, and also a between the said four religions, book entitled, A General Sumall the states and orders of each mary of Unitarian Theology, all pledged themselves by the strict printed in Latin, which are as a est oath to the formal mainte- pole-star of religious doctrine in nance of the Unitarian and three the hands of the Unitarians of other religions above-mentioned. Transylvania, might well deserve And even to this day, on every on some occasion to be transsuccessive occasion of the demise mitted, in one copy at least, to
England, for the use and infor- | the National Manual of Hymns. mation of the Unitarians there. Ou the Lord's-day, two sermons, The ecclesiastical administration one in the morning, the other in and the direction of church the evening, are customarily affairs among the Unitarians of preached. The prayers, sermons, Transylvania, are managed by the hymns, with all the adorations Supreme and General Consisto- and invocations, are performed in ry, of wbich the two head cura- the native Hungarian language. tors are laymen, one ecclesiasti- In conclusion-saluting with cal superintendant resident at the most friendly affection and Clausenberg, seven diocesans or humble respect the very gratearchdeacons of districts, common- ful intelligence which you have ly termed the elders of the pas-afforded us of the English Unitors, and a great many consisto- tarian religion, I cordially pray, rial assessors appointed, some on Reverend Sir, that Almighty the part of the clergy and others God may long happily bless and from among the laity. In the preserve you and the associates 120 Hungarian Churches there of your faith ; most humbly soare severally pastors, schoolmas- liciting that accounts may in ters, village schools, churches, future also be transmitted to us steeples, bells, ecclesiastical build- Unitarians of Transylvania reings, and funds, internal as well specting the state and progress asexternal. The Unitarian minis. of religion in the English domiters of the divine word are not nions. maintained by either the reign- I remain, Reverend Sir, iog princes or by the states and With the profoundest respect, orders of the realm, but by the Your servant and brother Unitarians themselves exclusively,
in Christ, who supply them with a salary,
LAZARUS NAGY, provender, and corn.
Member of the Unitarian neral College at Clausenberg,
Consistory. where the youth are well taught, Clausenberg, in Transylvania, the gymnasia in two towns, and August 31, 1821. the village schools, are destitute of any endowments from the
CALCUTTA. princes or the realm; they were Commencement of Unitarian at first founded and erected, Christianity in Calcutta. and are still maintained, by the, In gur last Number we gave gratuitous benefactions of the an extract from a letter containfaithful.. The students have no ing an account of the spontanesubsidy, but support themselves ous growth of Unitarian Clirisin the several places where they tianity among the natives at resort to study, by their own Madrąs, and of its gradual propatrimonial resources. Divine gress from the year 1795 to the rites, prayers, adoration, invoca- present period, through the pertion of the Divine Being, are severing exertious of a single inperformed every day, morning dividual, consparatively illiterato and evening, in the public and almost entirely unaided. churches by the parish priests, The following letter which we without reading their devotions received sometime ago furnishes from paper, and commence with an account of a similar attempt, singing an extract from the made so early as the year 1803a Psalms of holy David, and from to form a Unitarian Society a