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CHRISTIAN BIOGRAPHY.

Castle, which was taken by tbo Parliamentary forces. Here ho fell ill through exertion, and was removed to Chichester, where be died, 1644. He is said to bave been a man of little statore, but of great soul. Cheynell, a fanatic olergøman, molested bim in bis last moments, and at bis intermedt insalted his memory. He threw a copy of bis famous. book into his grave, as full of carnal reason and dampable heresy. Tillotson and Locke, however, were sensible of his incomparable merits, and will send bis eologium down to pos. terity. -Evans's Sequel to the Sketch,

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William Chillingworth, A. M.

Chancellor of Salisbury, and
Prebend of Brixworth, Nor-
thamptonshire.

William Chillingworth was born 1602, at Oxford, having for his godfather Laud, Archbishop of Canterbury, Eda. cated at a private grammarschool in his native city, he was admitted of Trioity ColJege, where he distinguished himself by an application to Matbeinatics and Theology. Bat be was soon converted to Popery by the noted Jobn Fisher, and went to Douay; but in 1631, returned to England. From his intercourse with Laud he came back to Protestantism, wrote several defences of it, but above all, his greatwork entitled, The Religion of Protestants, or sufe Way to Salvation. Prefer. ment pow poored in upon him; but be for a time refased promo. tion, objecting to the Articles and the dampatory clauses of the Athanasian Creed. He at length, bowever, accepted of the chan. cellorship of Salisbury, withthe prehend of Brixworth, in Nor. tbamptonshire. In the civil wars he attached himself to the Royal party; took a leading part in the siege of Gloucester, whence be retired to Arundel.

ESSAYS, EXTRACTS. &c.

Truth and Unity. The presomptuous imposing of the senses of men apop the general words of God, and laying them upon men's consci. ences together ; tbis vaio con. ceil, that we can speak of the things of God better than in the words of God; tbis deifying our ou'n ioterpretations, aod enforoiog ihem upon others; this restraining of the word of God from that latitude and generalie ty, and the onderstandings of men from that liberty wherein Christ and his Apostles left them, is, and bath been, the only fountain of all the schisms of the church, and that which makes them immortal. Tako away these walls of separation, and all will quickly be one. Require of Christians only to believe in Christ, and to call no man master but him only: let those leave claiming infallibility that have no title to it; and let them, that in their words disclaim,it,(as Protestants do) dis. claim it likewise in their actions. In a word, restore Christians to their jast and fall liberty of cap. tivatiog their goderstanding to

Scripture oply; and then, as ri. vers wben they have a free passage run all to the ocean, so it may well be hoped, by God's blessing, that aniversal liberty, thos moderated, may quickly redace Christendom to TRUTH and UNITY.-Chillingworth.

whicb an answer bas been roa ceived, promising future moro ample communications. To this answer, which contains much pleasing information, we hope to give insertion vext month : and in the mean time present our readers with a translation of part of the original tract which exhibits at once a clear and concise view of the doctrines of Unitarianism, and of the evidence, both from Scripture and Reason, by which they are supported. The translation is taken from the Christian Register, an American publica. tion.- ED.

The great and venerablo men who gave to the Reforma. tion its peculiar features, earDestly laboured to bring to light and establish these two princi. ples; that the boly scriptores are the only guide of our faith, and rule of practice; and that every man possesses the sacred and qgalievable right of interpreting them for himself. Proceeding opon these principles,

or they expunged many errors and

Doctrines of Unitarianism.

We have just received a higbly interesting Tract in La. tin entitled “ Unitariorum in Anglia fidei, historia, et status præsentis brevis expositio," or * A brief view of the opinions, history, and present state of Uoitarians in Eogland." This is one of the publications of the London Unitarian Fond Society, and along with other religious tracts, has been widely circulated among the learned by Mr. Bowring in bis late visit to the continent. A copy of it was addressed to the Professor of Theology in the Unitarian College at Clausenberg er Colosvar, Transylvania, to

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corruptions, by which the sim. plicity and beauty of Christiania ty had been deformed,

The sect of wbich we treat, in forming for themselves their particolar system of faith and discipline, have kept in view the principles, and followed the example of these reformers. They have not, however, been such scropoloosimitatorsas toshrink from farther advances in any case where these meo, either through fear of too much in.

povation, or false notions of piety, or the weakness of human 'patare,

left the work of refor. mation unfinished.

Unitarians particularly claim the lawful use of reasonio interpreting the word of God: but tbey do not, as is often unfairly objected to them, place reason before revelation. Since each is given by God, they deny tbat any essential variance can arise between ibem; althougb reason Day bot always fully comprebeod what revelation teaches. Tr y believe it to be the province of reason to decide conceiving the evidences of revela16!"; to distiogoish between the spurious and the genuine parts of the sacred writings; and io bine, to determine the sense of the true text. Whatever appears to them to have been revealed by God, that they receive with the highest reverence; nor are there any duties, except those of piety and charity, wbicb they deem more sacred than that of defending openly and constantly but with good temper, the opioions they may bave formed from the diligent and unbiassed examination of the scriptores.

The sabstance of the faith of Unitarianism,in relation to God, seems to be this " God is ope, and God is love. ” They assert, as their oame denotes, the real, entire, and proper ooity of God. They believo, as they afirm, that he is one essence, one person, one sabstance. The barmony and onebess of purpose wanifested in the divine works, does' indeed

demonstrate, that the Author of the Universe is One, " great in counsel and mighty in working.” This doctrine is also sanctioned by revelation ;-yea, it is not only sanctioned by revelation, both the Jewish and Christian, butis again and again inculcated as the first principle and most approved source of all pure rea ligion. With one consent Moses andCbrist declare, “ The first of all the commandments is . Hear, O Israel; the Lord our God is one Lord; and thou shalt. lovo the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and witb all thy mind, and with all tby strength. This is the first commandment.'"

Faithful to this opinion, Ugi. tariaos reject every idea of plurality in the divine nature, as repagoant to the word of God. In the sacred scriptores, they find neither the word Trinity, aor any intimation of the doc, trine. On the contrary, they anderstand them to teacb, that the Father is greater than the Son," and that the Holy Spirit, is not a person having a separate existence but is the power or inflacnce of God, or some gift bestowed by bim.

Attributing every perfection to God, they adore bim as the possessor and original of all ex. cellence aod benevolence, withe out any equal ; and though it appears that the sacred scriptures, in alluding to the cause of evil, bave sometimes spoken of it as though it were some evil Genius or Demon, yet they ar

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unwilling to believe that any part of creation is subjected to the control of a malignant spirit so powerful that he may contend with Deity for the mastery, and frustrate his counsels. It is said, moreover, tbat" his mercy is over all his works," wbich seems to be entirely contrary to the opinion of those who believe that God has by his irrevocable degree predetermined the eter. nal wickedness and misery, of a great part of mankind,

Since" transgression is sin" (1 John, iij. 4.), and obedience is righteousness ; since the precepts of the law are, that he who doetb righteousness, is righteous” (1 John, iii. 7.), and " the soul that sinpeth, it shall die"(Ezek. xviii. 4.), and "every one shall bear his owo burden;" Ưaitariads believe that the im. putatiop of sin to the righteous, or of righteouspess to transgres. sors, cannot be reconciled either' with the law of nature, with the laws of civilized socie. ty, or with the sacred writings.

They conceive that the appel. lation of Father is not to be tak. en as expressiveof a metaphysi. cal distinction between him and oertaid other persons,

botin apo ther and more dignified seose;as plainly indicating the relation between him and his offspring, “the work of his bands," as well as his beperolence to the human race; and at the same time as pignifying that the Supreme God is alone worthy the adoration of mankind. Christ, indeed, our Lord, gave God this appella,

tion, as an illastration of the divine nature, and as a consolation to bis disciples, on count of his approaching separation. His language shows that he apd his disciples are alike the sons of God.

Unitarians moreover believe " that Jesus of Nazareth is the Christ, the son of the living God;" " that he is in all things made like to his brethren" (Heb. ii. 17.) of the human race. But on accont of the entire pq. rity of his life, his extraordinary benevolence, the weight of the duties be performed, the severity of the sofferings be endured, and lastly on account of the splendid name which God gave him, that be is worthy of the highest reverence and honour.

Io the sacred scriptures, as Uoitarians believe, Christ is manifestly distinguished from God;since God is the Father who sends, gives, anoints, sanctifies and rewards bim ; wbilst Christ is the son who is sent, who receives, is anointed, is sanctified and rewarded. Nevertheless they believe, that be is one with God by a mutual agreement in willạnd counsel, in the same manner as it becomes us to be one with him and with God bis Father.

As the iniquity of the world was thecause of the persecution and death of the Saviour, so his affliction (inasmuch as they confirmed the truths he taoght, ren. dered bis example perfect, prepared the way for the oniversal spread of the Gospel, and mado

bis resorrection from the dead, administers bis Government a pledge and earnest of our re- apon the same principles. surrecuon,) are a powerful mo- The worship of Unitarians, live to shun iniquity and to prac. particularly recommends itself tise righteousness. In this sense by its simplicity. They admit Unitariaos think these words of with entiregoodwill a difference Scripture are to be received; of rites and cerimonies in their " he died for our sins," and "bischyrobes. The liberty they claira blood cleansetb us from all sio." to themselves in religious con

Unitarians are firmly per- ceros, they readily grant to 8oaded, that salvation does not others; not onmindful of the depend upon a belief in obscore commands, but those who are and mystical symbols, Paul de- weak in faith receive; bat not to clared, “if thou shait confess doubtful disputation;" and "let with thy mooth the Lord Jesus, every man be fully persuaded in and shalt believe io tbipe beart bis owo mind.” They take that God hath raised bim from cbarity therefore as their bond the dead, thou shalt be saved.', of union, instead of faith; and

They have a hope, modestia. they receive with readiness and deed, but steadfast, clearly re. satisfaction, as a brother, any vealed in the word of God, that good man who desires to unite he, through his mercy, will ac- with them in the services of cept sincere ohedieoce, and will religion. “To as there is one pardon the sids of those who are God the Father, of whom are all troly penitent.

thing, and we in him; and one Furthermore, Unitarians think Lord Jesos Christ, by whom aro that punishineots are awarded all things and we by him." to the wicked according to the magnitade of their offences; | RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE. that "10 whom much is given, of him will much be required;" Unitarian Association for Proand that all will be punished tecting the Civil Rights of with fey or with many stripes, Unitarians, according to the measure of The General Meeting of this their goilt. Since it is the part of Association was held on Thurs. a wise Legislator to institute pn. | day, the 30th day of May,(1822) pishments, not so much for the at the Londoo Tavern: Mr. Ruti purpose of retaliation as of cor. in the Chair. rection; and to seek not only Owing to the Treasurer's ab. the safety of the state, but the sepce,

his account could not be reformation of offenders,- it is finally made up, but the balance the opinion of most Unitarians in hand appeared to be about that God, “who is not willing £ 250. that any should perish, but that The report was received, and all shoold come to repentance," ordered to be printed and circa.

ENGLAND.

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