Maupassant and the American Short Story: The Influence of Form at the Turn of the Century

Első borító
Penn State Press, 2010. nov. 1.

Maupassant and the American Short Story isolates and develops more fully than any previous study the impact of Maupassant's work on the writing of Ambrose Bierce, O. Henry, Kate Chopin, and Henry James. It introduces a new perspective to assess their canons, reviving the importance of many often-ignored stories and, in the cases of Maupassant and O. Henry, reasserting the necessity of studying such writers to understand the history of the genre.

An important moment in the history of the short story occurred with the American misreading of Maupassant's use of story structure. At the turn of the century, writers such as Bierce and O. Henry seized upon the surprise-inversion form because Maupassant's translators promoted him as championing it. Only a few writers, such as James and Chopin, both of whom read Maupassant in French, appreciated his deft handling of form more fully. Their vision and the impact of Maupassant upon their fiction was largely ignored by later generations of writers who preferred to associate Maupassant and O. Henry with the &"trick ending&" story. This book details the origins and consequences of this misperception.

The book further contributes to the study of the short-story genre. Through an adaptation of Aristotelian concepts, Richard Fusco proposes an original approach to short-story structure, defining and developing seven categories of textual formulas: linear, ironic coda, surprise-inversion, loop, descending helical, contrast, and sinusoidal. As a practitioner of all these forms, Maupassant established his mastery of the genre. By studying his use of form, the book asserts a major reason for his pivotal importance in the historical development of the short story.

 

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Tartalomjegyzék

Maupassant and the Simpler Structures of the Short Story
11
The Ironic Coda
17
The SurpriseInversion Story
21
The Loop
33
Maupassant and the More Complex Structures of the Short Story
45
The Descending Helical
49
The Contrast Story
63
The Sinusoidal Story
84
The Early Stories
146
The Translations
154
Descending Helicals and the Later Stories
159
Sinusoidals and the Later Stories
166
Maupassant and James
173
The Reluctant Disciple
174
James and the Contrast Story
188
James and the Descending Helical
204

Maupassant and the American Mainstream
99
Maupassant and Bierce
103
Maupassant and O Henry
118
Maupassant and Chopin
139
Afterword
217
Works Cited
221
Index
227
Copyright

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A szerzőről (2010)

Richard Fusco has taught English at St. Joseph's University in Philadelphia.

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