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compiled from the biblical labours of upwards of fifty of the most 134. Hermanni Wirsii Ægyptiaca et Aexequacy ; sive de distinguished critics, both British and foreign. In the event of a Ægyptiacorum Sacrorum comparatione cum Hebraicis Libri Scriptures, this little book cannot fail of being eminently useful. tres, et de decem tribubus Israelis Liber singularis. Accesit Its value would have been enhanced if the compiler had specified Diatribe de Legione Fulminatrice Christianorum sub imperatore the sources or authors of each emendation.

Marco Aurelio Antonio Basileæ, 1739, 4to. 130. An Illustration of the Method of explaining the New 135. Martini Caspari WOLFBURGI Observationes Sacræ in Testament by the early opinions of Jews and Christians con- Novum Testamentum; seu Adnotationes Theologico-Criticæ in cerning Christ. By W. Wilson, B.D. Cambridge, at the voces plerasque Novi Testamenti

, ordine alphabetico, et Dicta University Press, 1797, 8vo.

præcipua tam Veteris quam Novi Fæderis. Flensburgi, 1717, “Though not expressly presented to the public as a refutation 4to. Hafniæ, 1738, 4to. of Dr. Priestley's History of Early Opinions, and other works concerning the person of Christ, this performance is unquestionably

136. An Impartial Enquiry into the case of the Gospel Deto be received in this light. The author constantly keeps in view moniacks. By William WORTHINGTON, D.D. London, 1777, the arguments of this work just mentioned, and nearly passes over 8vo. the same ground, in order to prove that the historical fact, relating to the opinions of the first Christians, is the reverse of that which

137. Petri Zorni Opuscula sacra ; hoc est, Programmata, the doctor has represented, and consequently that the inference Dissertationes, Orationes, Epistolæ, et Schediasmata, in quibus respecting the true meaning of the New Testament is directly præter selectissima Historiæ Ecclesiasticæ et Literariæ capita, contrary to that of the unitarian hypothesis. It would be injustice etiam plusquam sexcenta Scripturæ loca, partim ex utriusque to the ingenious writer of this reply;" to Dr. Priestley, not to linguæ sanctioris genio, partim ex Antiquitatum Hebraicarum allow him, unequivocally, the praise of having written, in a per- Græcarum et Romanarum apparatu, illustrantur ac vindicantur. spicuous and correct style, a learned and well-digested tract, and of having conducted his part of the controversy with urbanity Altonaviæ, 1731, 2 vols. 8vo. and candour." (Analytical Review, vol. xxvi. pp. 368. 372.) 138. The Truth of Revelation, demonstrated by an Appeal

131. Joh. Dieterici WINCKLERI Disquisitiones Philologicæ, to existing Monuments, Sculptures, Gems, Coins, and Medals. Scripturæ Sacræ quædam loca, et antiquitatis tam ecclesiasticæ London, 1832, 12mo. quam profanæ momenta, illustrantes. Hamburgi, 1741, 8vo. Éjusdem, Hypomnemata philologica et critica in diversa Scrip- and cultivated, enriched by science and enlarged by various infor

"This interesting book is clearly the production of a mind pious turæ Sacræ, tam Veteris quam Novi Testamenti, illustrantes. mation ; adapted especially to guard the young against the too Hamburgi, 1745, 8vo.—Ejusdem, Animadversiones Philologicæ , welcome theories of skepticism: it will also afford to the general et Criticæ ad varia Sacri Codicis utriusque Fæderis loca. Hilde- reader both gratification and improvement. It chiefly consists of siæ, 1750-52-53, 3 parts, 8vo.

striking facis deduced from the labours of modern inquiry, of allı

sions gleaned from literature, of memorials of past events scattered All the publications of Winckler are both scarce and valuable : over the relics of by-gone times, in sculptures, gems, and medals; they are said, by Walchius, to illustrate many difficult passages of and its object is, to apply these various materials to the illustration Holy Writ with great learning and industry. (Bibl. Theol. Select and establishment of the sacred records; as well as to express the vol. iv. p. 812.)

conviction, that the foundations of a scriptural hope are not to be 132. Hermanni Witsi Miscellaneorum Sacrorum Libri shaken by advancing knowledge, nor ultimately injured by the Quatuor. Lugd. Bat. 1736, 2 vols. 4to.

rash assaults of a class of men, who, aspiring to be deemed the 133. Hermanni Witsi Meletemata Leidensia; quibus con- yotaries of philosophy, give too much reason for the suspicion, tinentur Prælectiones de Vita et Rebus Gestis Pauli Apostoli

, expectation of some discovery adverse to the Christian religion,

that the stimulus by which their industry is excited is the vain necnon Dissertationum Exegeticarum Duodecas; denique Com- rather than zeal for the promotion of science.” (Eclectic Review, mentarius in Epistolam Judæ Apostoli. Basileæ, 1739, 4to. July, 1832, vol. viii. N. S. p. 14.)

CHAPTER VI.

CONCORDANCES AND DICTIONARIES, COMMON-PLACE BOOKS, INDEXES, AND ANALYSES OF THE BIBLE

SECTION I.

CONCORDANCES TO THE SCRIPTURES.

$ 1. CONCORDANCES TO THE HEBREW BIBLE,

1. MARIÆ de Calasio Concordantiæ Bibliorum Hebraicorum in fontibus et haetenus non expositæ sunt in Lexicis aut Conet Latinorum. Romæ, 1621, folio, in four volumes.--Londini, cordantiis, natura et sensuum varietas ostenditur. Cum anno1747, et ann. seqq. Edente Gulielmo Romaine, folio, in four tationibus J. G. Tympii et aliorum. Jenæ, 1734, 4to. editio volumes.

secunda. The original of this work was a Hebrew concordance of Rabbi

The particles of all languages, and especially those of the HeNathan, a learned Jew, published at Venice in 1523, in folio, with brew, are not only of great importance, but very difficult to be fully great faults and defects. A second and much more correct edition understood. The Hebrew particles, indeed, were very imperfectly of Nathan's work was printed at Basil by Froben. The third edi- known, even by the best critics, before the publication of Noldius's tion is the first impression of Calasio's Concordance, who has ex- work. His Concordance of them is so complete, that it has left tended Nathan's work into four large volumes, by adding, 1. A scarcely any thing unfinished ; and it is of the greatest importance Latin Translation of the Rabbi's explanation of the several roots, to every biblical student and critic. The first impression appeared with additions of his own ; 2. The Rabbinical, Chaldee, Syriac, in 1650. The second is the best edition; and, besides the valuable and Arabic words derived from, or agreeing with, the Hebrew notes, and other additions of J. G. and S. B. Tympius, it contains, root in signification ; 3. A literal version of the Hebrew text; by way of Appendix, a Lexicon of the llebrew Particles, compiled 4. The variations between the Vulgate and Septuagint versions; by John Michaelis and Christopher Koerber. (Bibliographical Dicand, 5. The proper names of men, rivers, mountains, &c.—Buxtorf's tionary, vol. iii. p. 45.) Concordance (noticed below) was properly the fourth edition of Nathan's work, as Mr. Romaine's edition is the fifth. The last is 4. The Hebrew Concordance adapted to the English Bible ; a splendid and useful book.

disposed after the method of Buxtorf. By John Taylor (D.D.] 2. Joannis BUXTORFI Concordantiæ Hebraicæ et Chaldaicæ. of Norwich. London, 1754–57. In two volumes, folio. Basileæ, 1632, folio.

This is one of the most laborious and most useful works ever pubThis is a work of great labour: it was abridged by Christian lished for the advancement of Hebrew knowledge, and the underRavius, under

the title of Fons Zionis, sive Concordantiarum He- standing of the Old Testament in its original language. It is, in braicarum, et Chaldaicarum, Jo. Buxtorfii Epitome. Berolini, 1677, fact, a Grammar, Lexicon, and Concordance, founded on the ConEvo.

cordance of Buxtorf, all whose errors Dr. Taylor has corrected. He 3. Christiani Noldi Concordantiæ Particularum Ebræo- translated in the English Bible: and where the Hebrew is not

has also inserted the word or words by which any Hebrew word is Chaldaicarum, in quibus partium indeclinabilium, quæ occurrunt literally rendered, a literal translation is added. In general, all

change or difference in the two texts is diligently remarked: and Dr. T. has added all the words (about one hundred and twenty-one

$ 4. CONCORDANCE TO THE LATIN VULGATE. in number) which Buxtorf had omitted ; together with the particles Sacrorum Bibliorum Vulgatæ editionis Concordantiæ, HUGONE out of Noldius. This invaluable work was published under the Cardinali auctore, ad recognitionem jussu Sixti V. Pont. Max. patronage of

all the English and Irish bishops, and is a monument adhibitam, recensitæ atque emendatæ operâ et studio Francisci to their honour, as well as to the learning and industry of its author. The price of this Concordance varies from nine to twelve guineas,

Lucæ Brugensis. Antverpiæ, 1606, folio; 1612, 1617, 4to. according to its condition.

Venetiis, 1612, 4to. Lugduni, 1615, 4to. Genevæ et Franco. furti, 1625, 4to. Parisiis, 1635, 1638, 1646, 4to. Coloniæ

Agrippinæ, 1684, 8vo. Avignon, 1786, 2 tomis, 4to. § 2. CONCORDANCES TO THE SEPTUAGINT GREEK VERSION. The first attempt towards a concordance to the Latin Bible was

made in the middle of the thiricenth century by Cardinal Hugo de 1. Conradi KIRCHERI Concordantiæ Veteris Testamenti Græ- Sancto Caro, of whose invention of the division of chapters an çæ, Ebræis vocibis respondentes, recau xongtas. Simul enim et account is given in Vol. I. Part I. Chap. IV. p. 213. He is said to Lexicon Ebraico-Latinum. Francofurti, 1607, 2 tomis, 4to.

have employed five hundred monks of the Dominican order in

selecting, and arranging in alphabetical order, all the declinable This laborious work, which is a Hebrew Dictionary and Con- words of the Old and New Testaments; but the fact of so many cordance, is strongly recommended by father Simon, when treating monks being employed is questionable. It is supposed that the on the best methods to be adopted in undertaking any new trans- work was at first less voluminous than it afterwards became, and lation of the Scriptures. It contains all the llebrew words in the that it increased by frequent revisions and improvements. (TownOld Testament, introduced in an alphabetical order, and underneath ley's Biblical Illustrations, vol. i. p. 483.) Le Long has given a list is the Greek version of them from the Septuagint, followed by a of several Latin Concordances (Bibl. Sacra, tom. i. pp. 457, 458. folio collection of the passages of Scripture in which those words are edit.); but the revision of Cardinal Hugo's work by Lucas Brugendifferently interpreted. Considered as a first essay, Kircher's Con- sis is considered to be the best of the numerous editions through cordance possesses considerable merit. It is, however, now super- which it has passed. That printed at Cologne is reputed to be the seded by

most beautiful; but the Avignon edition is the most complete. 2. Abrahami Trommi Concordantiæ Græcæ Versionis vulgo dictæ lxx. Interpretum. Amstelædami et Trajecti ad Rhenum, 1718, 2 vols. folio.

$ 5. CONCORDANCES TO THE ENGLISH BIBLE. In this elaborate and valuable work, the order of the Greek 1. A Concordăce, that is to saie, a Worke wherein by the Alphabet is followed ; the Greek word being first given, to which ordre of the letters of the A. B. C. ye maie redely finde any are subjoined its different acceptations in Latin, Then follow the worde conteigned in the whole Bible, so often as it is there ex. different Hebrew words, which are explained by the Greek word pressed or mencioned. By Jhon MARBECK. London, imprynted in the Septuagint version. These different Hebrew words are arranged under the Greek in their alphabetical order, with the by Richard Grafton, m. d. I. folio. passages of Scripture where they occur. If the word in question The first Concordance to the English Bible: an account of it occurs in Aquila, Symmachus, Theodotion, or any of the other may be seen in Dr. Townley's Biblical Illustrations, vol. iii. pp. ancient Greek interpreters of the Old Testament, the places where 118_120. It was preceded by a Concordance to the New Testait is found are referred to at the conclusion of the quotations from ment, compiled and printed by Thomas Gibson, about the year the Scriptures ; and immediately after these all the passages in the 1536. A pocrypha are specified, where the word occurs. The work is terminated by a useful Index, a Hebrew and Chaldee Lexicon, a Old and New Testament, or a Dictionary and Alphabetical

2. A Complete Concordance to the Holy Scriptures of the Greek Lexicon to Origen's Hexapla (by Montfaucon), and a succinct collation (by Lambert Bos) of the Frankfort and Roman edi- Index to the Bible. In two parts. By Alexander CRUDEN, tions of the Septuagint. This work is beautifully printed. (Biblio- M.A. London, 1763; 1810; 1824; 4to. Also various edigraphical Dictionary, vol. iii. p. 42.)

tions in royal 8vo. Philadelphia, 1830, imperial 8vo.

The first edition of this well-known and most useful Concordance appeared at London in 1737. The edition of 1763 is the

third and last of those corrected by the author, and is usually con§ 3. CONCORDANCES TO THE GREEK TESTAMENT.

sidered as the best, from his known diligence and accuracy in cor1. Concordantiæ Græcæ Novi Testamenti, ab Henrico Sre- it to be repeatedly printed, but not always with due regard to ac

recting the press. The value of Cruden's Concordance has caused PAANO. Genevæ, 1594, folio. Et cum Supplemento, Geneæv, curacy: The London edition of 1810, however, is an honorable 1600, folio.

exception; every word, with its references, having been most This Concordance is noticed here, to put the student an his carefully examined by Mr. Deodatus Bye (formerly a respectable guard, as it may generally be purchased at a low price. It is so printer), who voluntarily employed some years in this arduous carelessly executed, that some critics suppose Henry Stephens not task; for which he is justly entitled to the thanks of every reader to have been the editor of it: and that he lent his name to the of the Holy Scriptures. The London edition of 1824 is a reprint work for pecuniary considerations.

of that published in 1810. Another very accurate edition was

printed a few years since at the press of Messrs. Nuttall and Co. 2. Novi Testamenti Græci Jesu Christi Tamsion, aliis Con- of Liverpool, who employed a person to collate and verify every cordantiæ ; ita concinnatum, ut et loca reperiendi, et vocum veras word and reference. The typography of the reprint at Philadel. significationes, et significationum diversitates per collationem phia is very neatly executed, and its editor professes to have corinvestigandi, ducis instar esse possit. Opera Erasmi Scumpit, rected more than ten thousand errors in the references, which had Græc. Lat

. et Mathem. Prof. Accedit nova præfatio Ernesti Salo- escaped the eye of the London editors. monis Cypriani. Lipsiæ, 1717, folio. Glasguæ et Londini, 1819,

3. A New Concordance to the Holy Scriptures of the old 2 vols. 8vo. Londini, 1830, 48mo.

and New Testament; or a Dictionary and Alphabetical Index The best Greek Concordance to the New Testament. The Glas- to the Bible, together with the various significations of the pringow reprint of 1819 is beautifully executed. The London edition cipal words, by which the true meaning of many passages is of 1830 was printed under the superintendence of the late Mr. shewn. By the Rev. John BUTTERWORTA. London, 1767; William Greenfield. "By omitting the unimportant proper names, 1785; 1816; 8vo. the indeclinable particles, the pronouns, and ihe verb substantive; - hy substituting simple references for citation when the word of Mr. Cruden's Concordance. Singular pains were bestowed by

This is in a great measure a judicious and valuable abridgment occurs only four or five times, or when there are two or more pas- its compiler, in order to insure correctness, by collating every sages stricily parallel, in which case one only is given and the others word and reference in the proof sheets with the several texts of are referred to; alterations which detract nothing from the usefulness the Bible. The second edition of 1785 is considerably improved. of the edition, the ponderous labours of Stephens and Schmidt are The third impression of 1816 has some alterations in the definihere screwed into something less than a pocket volume ; and, what tions, made by Dr. A. Clarke; who has reprinted the original of is more, for six shillings the

biblical student may possess himself of the passages so altered. Those who cannot afford to purchase a work at one time scarce and dear, in a form that will take up no Cruden's work will find this of Mr. Butterworth extremely valuroom on his table, and which ought scarcely ever to be off of it."

able. (Eclectic Review, February, 1832, vol. vii. N. S. p. 159.) This edition is very neatly printed.

4. A Concordance of Parallels collected from Bibles and 3. A Concordance to the Greek Testament, with the English French, Spanish, and other Languages, with the Authorities of

Commentaries, which have been published in the Hebrew, Latin, version to each word; the principal Hebrew roots, corresponding to the Greek words of the Septuagint; with short critical Notes, each. By the Rev. C. Crutwell. 4to. London, 1790. and an Index. By John Williams, LL.D. 4to. London, 1767. of consulting ; though the parallelisms are not always to be traced,

This is a very elaborate work, and will amply repay the labour “ The lovers of sacred literature will find this work very useful and are sometimes very fanciful. But for this the industrious in many respects: it is compiled with great pains and accuracy." anthor is not to be censured, as he every where cites his authori(Monthly Rev. 0. S. vol. xxxvi. p. 400.)

ties, which are very numerous.

5. A Concordance to the Holy Scriptures of the Old and made under the title of “Fragments,” are extracted from the most New Testament. By the Rev. John Brown, of Haddington. rare and authentic Voyages and Travels (ancient and modern) into London, 1808, 18mo. Glasgow, 1825, 18mo.

Judea and other oriental countries ; and they comprehend an as.

semblage of the most curious and illustrative descriptions, explanı. There are several editions of this Concordance extant, which tory of Scripture incidents, customs, and manners, that could not being printed with diamond (or the smallest) type, it is from this possibly be explained by any other medium. It must not, however, circumstance commonly termed the diamond concordance. Its be concealed that some of the editor's discussions in the Fragments portability is its principal recommendation; as its very minute are prolix, and that his mythological elucidations are sometimes type requires no common strength of sight to read with pleasure. more ingenious than solid. Bp. Mant and the Rev. Dr. D'Oyly The edition of 1825 was revised by the Rev. Wm. Smith, of Glas- have made great use of CALMET in the Notes to the Bible, pubgow; and is very neatly stereotyped on a clear and legible type at lished by the venerable Society for promoting Christian Knowthe Glasgow university press.

ledge; and in their list of books, to which they acknowledge their 6. The Scripture Harmony; or Concordance of Parallel Pas- obligations, they particularly specify the “FRAGMENTS” annexed sages, being a Commentary on the Bible from its own Re) to this Edition of Calmet.- Vol. V. contains an Atlas of Plates and

Maps, with their corresponding explanations, in alphabetical order. sources; consisting of an extensive Collection of References These engravings are very neatly executed, and many of them from all the most esteemed Commentators, &c. &c. 4to. royal throw great light upon oriental customs. In addition to the various 8vo. and 18mo. London, 18!8.

improvements in the fourth edition, the references and quotations The contents of this compilation are comprised in three particu- in the fifih edition were verified and corrected; the explanation his being deemed the best fitted for general utility. 2. The various the work, were incorporated with the articles of which they form Readings, in the giving of which great care has been bestowed. a part; the whole of the text

was revised: and several new These various readings are stated to be printed on a plan, which articles, besides occasional additions, were introduced. In its to the unlearned reader will be more clear than the usual method, present improved state, Mr. Taylor's edition of Calmet's Dictionary and which the narrow limits of the margin of a Bible could not

is indispensably necessary to every biblical student who can afford admit: in this the very words of the text are printed at length, and to purchase it. An Index of Matters and

of Texts cited and illusthe various readings are presented in a different type ; so that trated in the fourth edition was published separately, in 1827. while both are at one view before the reader for his choice, as the 3. Calmet's Dictionary of the Bible by the late Mr. Charles connection and analogy of faith may direct, the usefulness of the Taylor, with the Fragments incorporated. The whole condensed work is increased, because it becomes thereby adapted to every and arranged in alphabetical order, with numerous additions. rions compilation of half a million of Scripture references, chiefly [By Josiah Conden.] London, 1831; second edition, 1832, from the Latin Vulgate, Dr. Blayney, Canne, Brown, Scott, and royal 8vo. other valuable writers, who have devoted their services to this This abridgment comprises under one alphabet whatever is imuseful mode of illustrating the Scriptures. It is proper to remark, portant or intrinsically valuable either in Calmet's Dictionary of that in this compilation of references the publisher professes only the Bible, or in the Fragments collected by Mr. Taylor. The editor to have collected a mass of texts from various authors of the of the abridgment has judiciously omitted all those articles (and highest character for success in this useful and pious labour, and those only) which were not directly illustrative of the Holy Scripthen to have arranged their varied contributions into regular tures, and also many of the prolix and trivial discussions of the order; the verse of the chapter under illustration is first marked ; Fragments. The value of the work is enhanced by the insertion then follow the parallel passages in the book itself in which the of numerous well executed wood-cuts ; so that each article includes chapter stands ; afterwards the references are placed regularly in its appropriate illustration ; an improvement which cannot but the order of the books of Scripture. The remark on Mr. Crutwell's greatly facilitate the perusal of this cheap and beautifully executed Concordance of Parallels may be extended to the present work. volume.

3*. Calmet's Dictionary of the Bible...... American Edition, $ 6. CONCORDANCE TO THE FRENCH BIBLE.

revised, with large additions, by Edward Robinson, D.D., ProConcordance, en forme de Registre, pour trouver facilement fessor Extraordinary of Sacred Literature in the Theological chaque passage du Nouveau Testament. Première Partie ; con

Seminary, Andover. Illustrated with Maps and Engravings on tenant les quatre Evangiles et les Actes des Apôtres. St. Pe- wood. Boston (Massachusetts) and New York, 1832, royal 8vo. tersburg, 1824, 8vo.

In preparing this work for publication in North America, ProfesThis concordance was announced to be in two parts or volumes. sor Robinson has made numerous retrenchments of those mytholoThe first part only has been published: it is a concordance to the gical and etymological discussions, which the English editor could four Gospels and Acts of the Apostles, according to the French | not omit, without taking greater liberties with the labours of his version of De Sacy. The second part is to comprise a concordance predecessor than might have been justifiable. In place of these to the Epistles of Saint Paul and to the Catholic Epistles.

retrenchments, Dr. Robinson has made very numerous and important additions, condensed with singular perspicuity from the works of modern travellers in the East, and especially from the labours of the most distinguished German critics and commentators, which

are comparatively little known to American readers. The volume SECTION II.

is beautifully printed.

3** A Dictionary of the Holy Bible, for the Use of Schools and Young Persons. By Edward Robinson, D.D. Illustrated

with Maps and Engraving on wood. Boston and New York, 1. DICTIONNAIRE Historique Chronologique, Géographique, 1833, 12mo. et Littéral de la Bible. Par Augustin CALMET. Paris, 1730, Though avowedly designed for schools and young persons, this 4 tomes, folio.

neatly executed publication may be very advantageously used by A translation of this truly valuable work (which is the basis of all who may be unable to procure larger works. To a considerable all other modern dictionaries of the Bible), with occasional re

extent it is an abridgment of the preceding American edition of marks, was published in 1732, in three folio volumes ; which Calmet's Dictionary ; but not a few articles are original, and comhaving become extremely scarce, an edition was published in posed from the best accessible sources. In the Historical, Biogra1801, in two thick 4to. volumes, by Mr. Taylor, with a volume of phical, and Geographical Index, annexed to the second volume of additions from books of voyages and travels, &c. under the title this work, we have derived many valuable hints and illustrations of “Fragments.” A new edition, enlarged and greatly improved, from both Dr. Robinson's Dictionaries of the Bible. was published in 1823, entitled,

4. A Dictionary of the Holy Bible ; containing an Historical 2. Calmet's Dictionary of the Holy Bible, Historical, Critical, Account of the Persons, a Geographical Account of the Places, Geographical, and Etymological : wherein are explained the and Literal, Critical, and Systematical Descriptions of other obProper Names in the old and New Testaments; the Natural jects, mentioned in the Writings of the Old and New Testament, Productions, Animals, Vegetables, Minerals, Stones, Gems, &c.; or in those called Apocrypha. London, 1759, 3 vols. 8vo. the Antiquities, Habits, Buildings, and other Curiosities of the Jews; with a Chronological History of the Bible, Jewish Ca- great Dictionary of the Bible. In chronology, the anonymous edi

This useful compilation is principaily abridged from Calmet's lendar, Tables of the Hebrew Coins, Weights, Measures, &c. tor professes to have followed Archbishop Usher; in geography, &c. Fourth edition, revised, corrected, and augmented with an Eusebius, Jerome, Roland, Maundrell, Whitby, and Wells, have extensive series of plates, explanatory, illustrative, and orna- been consulted ; and on the sacred antiquities of the Jews, recoarse mental, under the direction of c. Taylor. London, 1823. has been had to Josephus, the Rabbins, and the Fathers. This Fifth edition, 1828–29, 5 vols. 4to.

work may sometimes be met with at a low price, This work is beautifully printed. Vols. I. and II. comprise the

5. A Dictionary of the Holy Bible, on the plan of Calmet, Dictionary, in an alphabetical series, the supplements of former but principally adapted to common readers: containing an Hisa editions being incorporated ; Vols. III. and IV. contain 750 Frag- torical Account of the Persons; a Geographical and Historical ments, with the Natural History of the Bible. The additions, Account of the Places; a Literal, Critical, and Systematical

DICTIONARIES OF THE BIBLE.

Description of other objects, whether natural, artificial, civil, 12. The Pocket Dictionary of the Holy Bible; selected and
religious, or military; and the application of the Appellative arranged from Calmet, Brown, Newton, Hurd, and other Writers.
Terms, mentioned in the Old and New Testament. By the By W. Gurney, A.M. London, 1826, 18mo.
Rev. John Brown, of Haddington, 2 vols. 8vo. various editions. 13. The Scripture Lexicon : or a Dictionary of above four
Also, in one volume, 8vo.

thousand Proper Names of Persons and Places mentioned in the The author was a minister in the Secession-church of Scotland; Old and New Testament ; divided into syllables, with their proand in his doctrinal views Calvinistic: Allowance being made for per accents. By Peter Oliver. Oxford, 1810, 8vo. some of his sentiments, his work may be advantageously substituted

14. A Pocket Dictionary of the Holy Bible : containing an for the preceding, the price of which necessarily places it above the reach of many persons. The first edition of this work appeared Historical and Geographical Account of the Persons and Places in 1769: the best edition of Mr. Brown's dictionary is said to be the mentioned in the Old and New Testaments. By Archibald fifth, which costs about eighteen shillings. A professed abridgment ALEXANDER, D.D. Philadelphia, 1830, 18mo. of this work was published in 1815, in two small volumes, 18mo. The “Compendious Dictionary of the Holy Bible,first published by

15. A Biblical and Theological Dictionary, explanatory of Mr. William Button, in 1796, and since reprinted with additions and the History, Manners, and Customs of the Jews, and neighbourcorrections, in 12mo., is a judicious abridgment of Brown's Dic-ing nations: with an account of the most remarkable places and tionary. " By means of a very small but clear type, a vast quantity persons mentioned in Sacred Scripture, &c. By the Rev. Riof maiter is comprised within the compass of this little volume. chard Watson. London, 1831, royal 8vo. The book, without doubt, may be serviceable to many." (British Critic, Old Series, vol. x. p. 201.)

16. Thesaurus Ecclesiasticus, e Patribus Græcis, ordine al6. Dictionnaire Généalogique, Historique, et Critique de l'Ecri- phabetico exhibens quæcunque Phrases, Ritus, Dogmata, Hæreses, ture Sainte, où sont refutées plusieurs fausses assertions de Vol- et hujusmodi alia huc spectant, à Johanne Casparo Suicero taire, et autres Philosophes du dix-huitième siècle ; par l'Abbé Amstelodami, 1728, 2 vols. folio. *** [Antoine SERIEYS), revue, corrigé, et publié par M. l'Abbé This is the best edition of a most valuable work; which, though Sicard. Paris, 1804, 8vo.

indispensably necessary for understanding the writings of the

Greek fathers, incidentally contains many illustrations of Scripture. Sacred geography and antiquities form no part of this work, It is said to have cost the learned author twenty years' labour: the which is specially devoted to a refutation of the sophistries and first edition appeared at Amsterdam in 1682, in 2 volumes, folio. falsehoods of Voltaire and the infidel pseudo-philosophers of France, during the eighteenth century. The author, Antoine Serieys (ac cording to M. Sicard), was one of the victims of the French Revolution in the beginning of September, 1792. This is not true. Serieys was a voluminous compiler and editor of various works,

SECTION III. principally historical: at an early period of his life he had rendered some services to the Abbé Sicard, who, being unable to remunerate

COMMON-PLACE BOOKS TO THE BIBLE. him, allowed him to make use of his name. Serieys lived seventeen years after the publication of this dictionary, and died at Paris in 1819. (Biographie Universelle, tom. xlii. pp. 69, 70.)

1. CHRISTIAN Institutes, or the Sincere Word of God collected

out of the Old and New Testaments, digested under proper 7. Dictionnaire Abrégé de la Bible de (Pierre] CHOMPRE. beads, and delivered in the very words of Scripture. By Francis Nouvelle Edition, revue et considerablement augmentée par M. GASTRELL, D.D., Bishop of Chester. 12mo. Petitot. Paris, 1806, 12mo.

This valuable little work, which may perhaps be considered as M. Chompré was a distinguished classical teacher of youth, in a Concordance of parallel passages at full length, was first published the former part of the eighteenth century, at Paris ; where he first in 1707, and has since been repeatedly printed in 12mo. It may be published his abridged Dictionary of the Bible, in 12mo. The new very advantageously substituted for any of the subsequent larger edition by M. Peritot is considerably enlarged and improved by the and more expensive works. The “ Economy of a Christian Life,” addition of numerous articles, particularly those relating to the published by the Rev. W. Bingley in 1808, in 2 vols. 12mo. is simimanners, legislation, and sects of the Hebrews, and a Chronological lar in design, but upon the whole better arranged than Bp. GasTable.

trell's little manual. 8. A Dictionary of the Bible ; Historical and Geographical, 2. A Common-Place Book to the Holy Bible, or the ScripTheological, Moral, and Ritual, Philosophical, and Philological. tures' Sufficiency practically demonstrated: wherein the subBy Alexander MACBEAN, A.M. London, 1779, 8vo.

stance of Scripture respecting doctrine, worship, and manners A useful book in its day, but now completely superseded by later edition, revised and improved by the Rev. William Dodd, LL.D.

is reduced to its proper heads. By John Locke, Esq. A new works: it may frequently be procured for a trifling price.

4to. London, 1805; 8vo. London, 1824. 9. A Theological, Biblical, and Ecclesiastical Dictionary;

Though this work is ascribed to the celebrated philosopher, Mr. serving as a general note-book to illustrate the Old and New Locke, we have not been able to ascertain whether it was really Testament, as a guide to the Practices and Opinions of all Sects compiled by him. The second edition of it bears the date of 1697: and Religions, and as a Cyclopædia of Religious Knowledge. an edition was published by the unfortunate Dr. Dodd, from which By John Robinsox, D.D. London, 1815, 8vo.

the present impression was made. It certainly is a very useful

book. This work is very closely printed, and presents a digest, with references to authorities at the end of each article, of almost all

3. A System of Revealed Religion, digested under proper that had been written on biblical literature previously to the date heads, and composed in the express words of Scripture; conof its publication. “It is clearly the work of a man of much in- taining all that the Sacred Records reveal with respect to Docdustry in collecting, and of much judgment in arranging his matter. trine and Duty. By John WARDEN, M.A. London, 1769, 4to. To every theological student, who has not access to an extensive 1819, 2 vols. 8vo. library, this volume will prove a very useful subsidiary; to many, indeed, who have neither attainment nor abilities for research, it

This work is exceedingly valuable as a common-place book, or will become necessary.” (Brit. Crit. N. S. vol. vii. p. 305.) We harmony of passages of Scripture. It was recommended by Dr. cannot however help expressing our regret that, on some topics, Robertson the historian, and other eminent divines of the Scottish Dr. R. should have referred to writers whose publications (though church. In this work the author has collected all that the Scripuseful in some respects) are calculated to subvert the fundamental tures contain relating to any one article of faith or practice under doctrines of the Gospel. ȚIis work is illustrated by several neaily- each respective head, in the very words of the sacred writers, with engraved maps. It may be proper to add that it is noticed with the occasional insertion of a brief note at the foot of a page, and a merited commendation in the Evangelical Magazine for 1817, vol. remark or two at the end of some few chapters. The texts are so xxv. p. 486., and in the Antijacobin Review, vol. xlix. pp. 1–15.

arranged as to add to their perspicuity, and at the same time to

illustrate the subject; and the chapters are so constructed and dis10. The Biblical Cyclopædia ; or, Dictionary of the Holy posed that each may form a regular and continued discourse. The Scriptures, intended to facilitate an acquaintance with the in- work is executed with singular ability and fidelity, and the reprint spired writings. By William Jones. 1816, 2 vols. 8vo. of it is truly an acquisition to biblical students.

The plan of this Biblical Cyclopædia is less extensive than that 4. An Analysis of the Holy Bible ; containing the whole of of Dr. Robinson's Dictionary, before which some parts of it appear- the Old and New Testaments, collected and arranged systematied, though it bears date one year later than the latter work. cally. By Matthew Talbot. Leeds and London, 1800, 4to.

11. A Dictionary of the Holy Bible. Extracted chiefly from This work has been justly characterized as "a book of good arBrown, Calmet, &c., collated with other works of the like kind, rangement and convenient reference, and calculated to augment, with numerous additions from various Authors, and a considerable Critic

, 0. S. vol. xviii. pp. iii. 88, 89.) It is divided into thirty books,

by very easy application, our stores of sacred knowledge." (British quantity of original matter. By the Rev. James W00D. Seventh which are subdivided into 285 chapters, and 4144 sections. This Edition, London (1822), 2 vols. 8vo.

"Analysis" is of great rarity and high price. Vol. II.

4N

5. Common-Place Book; or Companion to the Old and New 2. The Analysis of all the Epistles of the New Testament, Testaments; being a Scripture Account of the Faith and Prac- wherein the chiefe things of every particular Chapter are retice of Christians; consisting of an ample Collection of per- duced to heads, for helpe of the Memory; and many hard places tinent Texts on the sundry Articles of Revealed Religion. are explained for the helpe of the understanding. By Juhn [By the Rev. Hugh Gaston.) A new edition, corrected, com- Dale, M.A. Oxford, 1652, 8vo. pared, and enlarged, by Joseph STRUTT. London, 1813; 1824,

3. The Scripture Student's Assistant ; being a Complete In8vo.

dex and concise Dictionary to the Holy Bible: in which the The edition of 1813 is a reprint, with numerous corrections and various Persons, Places, and Subjects mentioned in it, are accuadditions, of a work originally printed at Dublin in the year 1763. rately referred to; and every difficult word completely explained. the works above noticed, is clear ; the selection of texts is suffi- By the Rev. John Barr. Glasgow and London, 1829, 12mo. ciently ample: and a useful index enables the reader to find

pas

or demy 4to. sages of Scripture arranged on almost every topic he can desire. 4. Mosis P. FLACHERI Analysis Typica omnium cùm Veteris The book is neatly printed : and as it is of easy purchase, it may tùm Novi Testamenti Librorum Historicorum, ad intelligendam be substituted for any of the larger common-place books already rerum seriem et memoriam juvandam accommodata. Basileæ, noticed. The edition of 1824 is considerably improved.

1587, folio; 1621, 4to. Londini, 1597, 4to.

5. Jacobi BRANDMYLLERI Analysis Typica Librorum Veteris Testamenti Poeticorum et Propheticarum. Basiliæ, 1622, 4to.

6. Salomonis Van Til Opus Analyticum, comprehendens SECTION IV.

Introductionem in Sacram Scripturam, ad Joh. Henrici Heideg

geri Enchiridion Biblicum IEPOMNHMONIKON concinnatum. INDEXES AND ANALYSES OF THE BIBLE.

Trajecti ad Rhenum, 1720, 2 vols. 4to. 1. An Index to the Bible : in which the various subjects ter in the Scriptures. Heidegger's Enchiridion Biblicum, on which

A most minute Analysis of every Book and almost of every Chapwhich occur in the Scriptures are alphabetically arranged: with Van Til's work is a commentary, was .st published at Zurich Accurate References to all the Books of the Old and New Tes- (Tigura) in 1681, and was frequently reprinted in Germany in the tament. Designed to facilitate the Study of these invaluable course of the last century. It contains prefaces to the different Records. Stereotype edition. London, 1811,

books of the Old and New Testament, together with very minute

analyses of the different books. Where Heidegger's statements This useful index is printed in various sizes to bind up with were correct, Van Til has corroborated them ; where he was in Bibles ; it is said (but on what authority we know not) to have error, the latter has corrected his mistakes, and supplied his omisbeen drawn up by the late Dr. Priestley.

sions.

CHAPTER VII.

TREATISES ON BIBLICAL ANTIQUITIES, AND ON OTHER HISTORICAL CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE BIBLE.

SECTION I.

GENERAL TREATISES ON BIBLICAL ANTIQUITIES.

1. THESAURUS Antiquitatum Sacrarum, complectens selectis- Religion, Sects, Arts, and Trades, &c. &c. By Claude Fleury. sima clarissimorum virorum Opuscula, in quibus veterum Hebræ- London, 1809, 8vo. orum Mores, Leges, Instituta, Ritus sacri et civiles, illustrantur; For this third and best edition, the public are indebted to Dr. auctore Blasio UGOLINO. Venetiis, 1744—1769, 34 tomis, folio. Adam Clarke, who has enlarged the original work with much

An Analysis of the contents of this great Collection of Jewish valuable information from the principal writers on Jewish antiquiAntiquities is given in Mr. Harris's Catalogue of the Library of the ties. The Abbé Fleury's work was translated many years since by Royal Institution, pp. 11-20. 2d edition. "Many other books treat- Mr. Farnworth. The late excellent Bishop of Norwich (Dr. Horne) ing of Jewish antiquities have been published; but those who have has recommended it in the following terms: “ This little book cona taste for such sort of reading, will find this collection far more tains a concise, pleasing, and just account of the manners, customs, useful to them than any other of the kind.” (Bishop Watson.)

laws, policy, and religion of the Israelites. It is an excellent intro

duction to the reading of the Old Testament, and should be put 2. Modern Judaism : or, a Brief Account of the Opinions, into the hands of every young person." Traditions, Rites, and Ceremonies of the Jews in modern times. 8. Moses and Aaron: or, the Civil and Ecclesiastical Rites By John ALLEN. London, 1816. Second edition, revised and used by the Ancient Hebrews. By Thomas Godwin. London, corrected. 1830, 8vo.

1634 ; 1641, 4to. The various traditions, &c. received and adopted by the modern This compendium of Hebrew antiquities is now rather scarce. Jews (that is, by those who lived during and subsequently to the It was formerly in great request as a text-book, and passed through time of Jesus Christ), are fully and perspicuously treated in this many editions. A Latin translation of it was published at Utrecht well-executed volume, which illustrates various passages in the in 1690, and again at Franeker in 1710, in 12mo. New Testament with great felicity.

9. Apparatus Historico-criticus Antiquitatum sacri codicis et 3. The Antiquities of the Jews, carefully compiled from au- gentis Hebrææ. Uberrimis annotationibus in Thomæ Godwini thentic sources, and their customs illustrated by modern Travels. Mosen et Aaronem subministravit Johannes Gottlob CanezoBy W. Brown, D.D. London, 1820, 2 vols. 8vo.

vius. 4to. Francofurti, 1748. 4. Christ. Brünings Compendium Antiquitatum Hebræorum. extant : besides the annotations of Carpzov, it contains a Latin

The most elaborate system of Jewish antiquities, perhaps, that is 8vo. Francofurti, 1766.

translation of Godwin's treatise. 5. Compendium Antiquitatum Græcarum è profanis sacrarum, 10. Jewish Antiquities, or a Course of Lectures on the Three collegit, naturali ordine disposuit, ad sacrarum literarum illustra- first books of Godwin's Moses and Aaron. To which is annexed tionem passim accommodavit Christianus BrüninGS. Franco- a Dissertation on the Hebrew Language. By David Jennings, furti, 1759, 8vo.

D.D. 8vo. 2 vols. London, 1766 ; Perth, 1808; and London, 6. Petri Cunei de Republica Hebræorum Libri tres; edita à 1823, in one volume, 8vo. Jo. Nicolai. 4to. Lugd. Bat. 1703.

This work has long held a distinguished character for its accuThe best edition of a very learned work, which till lately con- Mr. Lowman on the Ritual (8vo. London, 1748), and on the Civil

racy and learning, and has been often reprinted. “The treatises of tinued to be a text-book whence the continental professors of He-Government of the Hebrews (8vo. London, 1740), may properly acbrew antiquities lectured.

company this work.” (Bishop Watson.) 7. The Manners of the Ancient Israelites, containing an 11. Antiquitates Hebraicæ secundum triplicem Judæorum account of their peculiar Customs, Ceremonies, Laws, Polity, statum, ecclesiasticum, politicum, et æconomicum, breviter deli

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