106. Pauli ad Corinthios Epistolæ, Græce, perpetua annotatione illustratæ, a Fr. Aug. Guil. KRAUSE, vol. i. complectens Epistolam priorem. Francofurti, 1792, 8vo.

107. A Paraphrase of Saint Paul's First Epistle to the Corinthians, with Explanatory Notes. By the Rev. J. G. TOLLEY, M.A. London, 1825, 8vo.

108. Commentarius in priorem Divi Pauli ad Corinthios Epistolam. Auctore Aug. Ludov. Christ. HEYDENREICH. Marburgi, 1827-28, 2 vols. 8vo.

The first volume contains the first eight chapters of St. Paul's First Epistle to the Corinthians. The remaining chapters are illustrated in the second volume. In the prolegomena the author has given a concise account of the city of Corinth, the introduction of Christianity, and the state of the Christian church, together with the occasion and argument of the epistle, its canonical authority and authenticity; and a list of the best commentators on this particular epistle. The commentary is principally philological. 109. Animadversiones ad Cap. III. et XIII. Epistolæ Pauli I. ad Corinthios. Scripsit Dr. Ant. Georg. HOLMANN. Lipsiæ, 1819, 8vo.

This tract elucidates certain words and difficult passages in the third and thirteenth chapters of St. Paul's first Epistle to the


learned commentator's own criticisms, and many doctrinal and practical observations are interspersed, with a view of farther explaining the tendency of the apostle's reasoning, and improving the moral temper and conduct of the reader." "The commentary on the two Epistles to the Thessalonians is more diffuse: the with whom none were more conversant, and omitted no opporauthor has every where introduced references to original writers, tunity of subjoining practical reflections, adapted to the various passages which he had previously explained by learned and liberal criticism." (Monthly Review, O. S. vol. lvi. pp. 161, 162.)

121. Interpretatio Epistolæ Pauli ad Galatas, auctore E. A. BORGER. Lugd. Bat. 1807, 8vo.

122. Pauli ad Galatas Epistola. Latinè vertit, et Commentario Perpetuo illustravit Doctor et Professor G. B. WINER. Lipsia, 1821; Editio secunda, aucta et emendata, 1827; Editio tertia, aucta et emendata, 1829, 8vo.

While this sheet was passing through the press, a translation of this valuable work by the Rev. W. Cunningham was announced as forming part of the Edinburgh Biblical Cabinet. Copious illustrations were to be added from the previous commentaries of

Koppe, Borger, and others.

123. Gottlob Frid. GUDE de Ecclesiæ Ephesina Statu imprimis ævo apostolico, Commentatio Historico-Exegetico-Critica. Co-Accedit Vita S. Apostoli Pauli per Georgium Majorem descripta. Lipsiæ, 1732, 8vo. 124. Joannis TARNOVII Commentarius in Epistolas Pauli ad Ephesios, ad Philippenses, ad Colossenses, et ad Thessalonicenses. 4to. Rostochii, 1636.

110. Observationes ad Versus postremos Capitis XIII. prioris Pauli ad Corinthios Epistolæ recte intelligendos. Auctore A. SCHOTT. Jenæ, 1823, 4to.

111. Commentatio Critica et Exegetica in Paulina Epistolæ ad Corinthios caput XIII. Scripsit Dr. L. G. PAREAU. Trajecti ad Rhenum, 1828, 8vo.

112. A Paraphrase on the Fifteenth Chapter of the First Epistle to the Corinthians, with Critical Notes and Observations, and a preliminary Dissertation; a Commentary, with Critical Remarks, on the Sixth, Seventh, and part of the Eighth Chapters of the Romans, &c. By John ALEXANDER. London, 1766, 4to. See an account of this tract, in the Monthly Review, O. S. vol. xxxiv. pp. 443-451.

113. Pauli ad Corinthios Epistola secunda, perpetua annotatione illustrata, a Jo. Georg. Frid. LEUN. Lemgoviæ, 1804, 8vo. 114. Epistola Pauli ad Corinthios posterior, Græce. Perpetuo Commentario illustravit A. G. EMMERLING. Lipsia, 1823, 8vo. 115. Disputatio de alterâ Pauli ad Corinthios Epistolâ, et observanda in illâ Apostoli indole et oratione, quam pro summis in theologiâ honoribus in Academia Rheno-Traject., publico examini submittit Herm. Jo. ROYAARDS. Trajecti ad Rhenum,

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There are also editions extant in folio and 4to. of this valuable work, which completely expose the doctrine of justification by works alone. We may apply to it in particular what Erasmus is recorded to have said of Luther's commentaries in general:"There is more solid divinity contained in one page than could be found in many prolix treatises of schoolmen and such kind of authors." (Middleton's Biographia Evangelica, vol. i. p. 230.) Walchius states that Protestants and Catholics have both concurred in their commendations of Luther's work. (Biblioth. Theolog. vol. iv. p. 607.)

120. A Paraphrase and Notes on the Epistles of Saint Paul to the Galatians and Ephesians, with Doctrinal and Practical Observations, together with a Critical and Practical Commentary on the Two Epistles of Saint Paul to the Thessalonians. By the late learned Samuel CHANDLER, D.D. London, 1777, 4to. "The paraphrase clearly and fully expresses the meaning of the sacred writer; the notes are enriched by original quotations from Greek and Latin authors, in order to illustrate and confirm the


125. The Church at Philippi, or the Doctrines and Conduct torical Commentary upon St. Paul's Epistle to the Philippians. of the early Christians illustrated: Intended to serve as an HisBy Henry Samuel BAYNES. London, 1834, 12mo.


126. Meinardi Henrici SCHOTANI Analysis et Commentarius Epistolam Paulli ad Philippenses. Franeckeræ, 1737, 4to.

127. Antonii Friderici, BusCHINGII Introductio HistoricoTheologica in Epistolam Paulli ad Philippenses. Hala, 1746, 4to.

128. Pauli Apostoli Epistola ad Philippenses, Græcè ex Recensione Griesbachianâ novâ Versione Latinâ et Annotatione perpetuâ illustrata, à J. G. AM-ENDE. 8vo. Vitebergæ, 1798.

129. Specimen Academicum Inaugurale de Cœtus Christianorum Philippensis Conditione primæva, ex Epistolâ iis ab Apostolo Paulo scriptâ præcipue dijudicandâ a Johanne Hoog. Lugduni Batavorum, 1825, 8vo.

The origin and state of the church at Philippi, the date, place where written, scope and argument of the Epistle to the Philippians, are discussed in this academical dissertation, which happily elucidates many passages of that epistle.


dum in Christo Patrem, Joannem [DAVENANT] Episcopum 130. Expositio Epistolæ D. Pauli ad Colossenses, per reverenSarisburiensem jam primum edita: olim ab eodem, Domina Margareta in Academiâ Cantabrigiensi Professore Theologico, dictata. Cantabrigiæ, 1627, folio.

131. An Exposition of the Epistle of St. Paul to the Colossians, by the Right Rev. John Davenant, D.D., Bishop of Salisbury. Translated from the Original Latin, with a Life of the Author, and Notes. By the Rev. Josiah ALLFORT. London, 1831-32, 2 vols. 8vo.

As Bishop Davenant's valuable exposition of St. Paul's epistle to the Colossians had long become extremely scarce, Mr. Allport has conferred no small favour on biblical students, by rendering his work accessible to English readers. "The translation not only possesses the more ordinary and absolutely indispensable prerequisites of general accuracy and fidelity, but the more rare recommendations of considerable care, propriety, and even elegance."... "A very valuable feature of the present work is, that the Editor has appended (in the form of notes), biographical sketches of the Fathers and Schoolmen whose names so profusely adorn the pages of Davenant."..." His notes contain a great deal of curious and valuable information. The Sketch of the Life of Davenant deserves the highest praise: it is the only attempt that has ever been made to give any thing like a detailed account of the history and writings of that great and good man." (Eclectic Review, February, 1833.)

132. An Exposition upon the Epistle to the Colossians. Wherein not only the text is methodically analyzed, but the sense of the words, by the help of writers, both ancient and modern, is explained. By N. BYFIELD. London, 1615, folio.

133. The Epistles of St. Paul to the Colossians, to the Thes- | 151. Pauli ad Philemonem Epistola, Græce et Latine, illussalonians, to Timothy, and to Titus, and the General Epistle of trata a Lebr. Gottl. SCHMIDIO. Lipsiæ, 1786, 8vo. St. James: a new Version from the Greek, and chiefly from the Text of Griesbach. By Philalethes. [John JONES, LL.D.] London, 1820, 12mo.

Of this translation, which in many instances is made to support the scheme of the modern Socinians, the reader will find an account in the Eclectic Review (N. S.), vol. xiv. pp. 277-283.

134. Isagoge in Epistolam a Paulo Apostolo ad Colossenses datam Theologica, Historica, Critica, accesserunt Enarratio cap. I. Coloss. v. 1-14. et Excursus epistolam spectantes tres. Confecit Gulielmus BOEHMERUS. Berolini, 1829, 8vo.

135. Gulielmi Boehmeri Symbolæ Biblicæ ad Dogmaticam Christianam sive Observationes in Sectionem Apostolicam Coloss. I. v. 18-23. Wratislaviæ, 1833, 8vo.


136. An Exposition upon the two Epistles of the Apostle Saint Paul to the Thessalonians. By the Rev. Father John JEWEL, late Bishop of Sarisburie. London, 1583, 12mo. Reprinted in 1811, 8vo.

This valuable Commentary on the Epistles to the Thessalonians is printed in the folio edition of Bp. Jewel's works (London, 1609), and also in the seventh volume of the compilation, entitled the "Fathers of the English Church."

137. Joannis Alphonsi TURRETINI Commentarius Theoreticopracticus in Epistolas Divi Pauli ad Thessalonicenses. Basilea, 1739, 8vo. also in the second volume of the collective edition of Turretin's Works, in 4to.

138. The Greek of the Epistle of Saint Paul to the Thessalonians explained. By John PHILLIPS. London, 1751, 4to.

"This work contains the Greek Text, but no translation. The notes are very considerable. They are philological, critical, and theological. It was designed as a specimen of a work upon all the Epistles, but which was never completed. It is exceedingly scarce." (Orme's Biblioth. Bibl. p. 349.)

139. Pauli Epistolæ ad Thessalonicenses. Recensuit, veterum recentiorumque notas selectas congessit, suasque adjecit, et tamquam specimen novæ editionis Epistolarum Pauli edidit F. SCHLEIERMACHER. Berolini, 1823, 8vo.

140. Specimen Academicum Inaugurale de Cœtus Christianorum Thessalonicensis Ortu Fatisque, et prioris Pauli iis scriptæ Epistolæ Consilio atque Argumento. Auctore Joanne Jacobo BURGERHOUDT. Lugduni Batavorum, 1825, 8vo.

This Dissertation may be considered as a valuable introduction to the first Epistle to the Thessalonians: every topic which is necessary to the correct understanding of it, is satisfactorily discussed.

141. Epistolas Pauli ad Thessalonicenses commentario et delectis Patrum Ecclesiasticorum expositionibus, margini subjectis, illustravit Ludovicus PELT. Gryphiswaldiæ, 1830, 8vo. 142. J. G. REICHE Authentiæ posterioris ad Thessalonicenses Epistolæ Vindiciæ. Gottinga, 1830, 4to.

1 AND 2 TIMOTHY, TITUS, AND PHILEMON. 143. D. Pauli Epistolæ ad Timotheum, Titum et Philemonem, Observationibus grammaticis, historicis, logicis, theologicis illustratæ ab Abrahamo SCULTETO. Francofurti, 1624, 4to.

144. S. Pauli Apostoli Epistola utraque ad Timotheum, cum Commentario Joannis CoccEII. Lugduni Batavorum, 1667, 4to. 145. BECKHAUS (Joach. Frid.) Specimen Observationum Critico-Exegeticarum de Vocabulis ara aqueros et rarioribus dicendi Formulis in prima ad Timotheum Epistola Paulina obviis, Authentiæ ejus nihil detrahentibus. Linga, 1810, 8vo. 146. A. CURTII de Epistolæ prioris ad Timotheum authentiâ, cum aliquo vitæ Paulina tempore conciliandâ Commentatio. Berolini, 1828, 8vo.

147. Commentationes de Epistolâ posteriori Pauli ad Timotheum. Scripsit Johannes BROCHNER. Hafniæ, 1829, 8vo. 148. Petri VON HAVEN Commentatio Analytica in Epistolam Paulli ad Titum. Hala, 1742, 4to.

149. A Commentary on the Epistle of Saint Paul written to Titus. By Thomas TAYLOR. Cambridge, 1612, 4to. 1658, folio. Walchius speaks very highly of this commentary, both in a philological and in a practical point of view. (Bibl. Theol. Select. vol. iv. p. 723.) The learned author was a frequent preacher before Queen Elizabeth and King James I.

150. Henrici HUMMELII Explanatio Epistolæ Apostoli Pauli ad Philemonem. Tiguri, 1670, folio.


152. An Exposition of the Epistle to the Hebrews, with preliminary Exercitations. By John OWEN, D.D. Folio, 4 vols. London, 1668-74, 8vo. 7 vols.

This work is particularly valuable for its illustration of the Epistle to the Hebrews by the aid of Rabbinical learning: it is replete with doctrinal and experimental remarks. A well executed abridg ment of it was published in 4 vols. 8vo. 1790, by the late Dr. Edward Williams, of which a new edition was printed in 1815, 4 vols. 8vo.

153. Joannis BRAUNII Commentarius in Epistolam ad Hebræos, cum indicibus locupletissimis et quibusdam tabulis æneis elegantissimis. Amstel. 1705, 4to.

Professor Braun or Braunius is well known for several valuable pieces elucidating sacred antiquities. His commentary on the Epistle to the Hebrews, in the opinion of J. B. Carpzov, is one of the best ever edited. It is indeed truly valuable for its illustrations by the aid of Rabbinical learning and the author is particularly able in refuting the perverse interpretations of the celebrated Socinian teacher, Schlichtingius.

154. An Exposition of the Epistle to the Hebrews, by Mr. Robert DUNCAN, minister of the Gospel. Edinburgh, 1731, 8vo. A useful and cheap exposition of the Epistle to the Hebrews. 155. Joannis Benedicti CARPZOVII Exercitationes in Pauli

Epistolam ad Hebræos ex Philone Alexandrino. Helmstadt, 1750, 8vo.

A work of singular utility in explaining the phraseology of St. Paul's Epistle to the Hebrews.

156. A Paraphrase and Notes on the Epistle to the Hebrews. By the late Rev. James PEIRCE. With a Paraphrase and Notes on the last three chapters of the Hebrews left unfinished by Mr. Peirce, and an Essay to discover the author of the Epistle and Language in which it was originally written. By Joseph Hallet, jun. London, 1733, 4to.

This forms part of the work noticed in p. 134. No. 72. of this Appendix. "Some of the sentiments," says Professor Stuart, "differ widely from those of Owen, and are such as ought to be examined with great caution; but the work, as a whole, exceeds any English commentary which I have read. The author has a great deal of acuteness, and is by no means wanting in regard to a tact for criticism." (Stuart on the Epistle to the Hebrews, vol. i. p. 286. American edition, or p. 346. London edition.)

157. A Paraphrase and Notes on the Epistle to the Hebrews. To which is prefixed an Inquiry into :-the Author of this Epistle; when it was written; the manner of citing the Old Testament; and the method of reasoning in it, &c. By Arthur Ashley SYKES, D.D. London, 1755, 4to.

158. Joannis Augusti ERNESTI Lectiones Academica in Epistolam ad Hebræos ab ipso revisæ, cum ejusdem excursibus theologicis edidit; Commentarium, in quo multa ad recentissimorum imprimis interpretum sententias pertinentia uberius illustrantur, adjecit Gotlib Immanuel Dindorf. Lipsia, 1815, royal 8vo.

These Academic Lectures of Ernesti were delivered by that eminent scholar and divine while he was professor of divinity at Leipsic. They have been edited from his corrected copy, with various important additions by Professor Dindorf, who succeeded him in the Hebrew chair at Leipsic. These are included between brackets, with the initial letter D., and require to be read with caution, Prof. Dindorf's sentiments on the person of Christ not being the most correct. On some of the earlier chapters there are also some marginal observations of an anonymous pupil of Ernesti's, which are distinctly marked. Professor Stuart characterizes it as "a book of real worth in a critical respect, although not executed with much taste as to form and matter.' (On the Epistle to the Hebrews, vol. i. p. 287. American edition; or p. 347. London edition.)

159. A Paraphrase and Commentary on the Epistle to the Hebrews. By Archibald MACLEAN. London, 1819, 2 vols. 8vo. 160. Epistola ad Hebræos, Latinè versa et largo explicata commentario, a Chr. Frid. BOEHME. Lipsiæ, 1823, 8vo.

161. Epître aux Hébreux, divisée d'après les matières, avec des sommaires indiquant le contenu et l'objet de chaque division et sous-division, des notes, et des intercalations explicatives entremêlés au texte. Génève, 1824, 8vo.

161*. A Commentary on the Epistle to the Hebrews. By Moses STUART, Associate Professor of Sacred Literature in the Theological Seminary at Andover, United States. Andover, 1827, 2 vols. 8vo. Second edition, revised and enlarged, 1833, in 1 volume, 8vo.

This masterly work originated in the arduous duties incident to the office which Professor Stuart has for some years filled, with

This academical disquisition, which was publicly defended before the Theological Faculty at Montauban for the degree of Bachelor in Divinity, is partly translated and partly abridged with much judgment from the first Volume of Professor Stuart's Commentary on the Epistle to the Hebrews.

167. Vindicia Originis Paulinæ ad Hebræos Epistolæ, nova ratione tentatæ a Frid. Christ. GELPKE. Lugduni Batavorum, 1832, 8vo.

equal credit to himself, and benefit to the Theological Seminary at Andover. To borrow the just character given of his labours by the English editor (the Rev. Dr. Henderson):-"It was impossible for any person who had perused the former works of our author not to hail with high anticipations the present production as a most valuable accession to biblical literature. Intimately acquainted with the minutiae of Hebrew grammar; familiar with the diversified style of the sacred writers; trained by long study of the laws of biblical exegesis to a refined and matured tact in seizing the point, the bearing, the various shades and ramifications of meaning The object of this disquisition is to prove the Pauline origin of couched under the sacred phraseology; imbued with a sincere the Epistle to the Hebrews, from the coincidence of sentiments love of divine truth, and a profound reverence for its dictates; and, and expressions which the author conceives he has found between withal, endowed with a manly and richly cultivated intellect, he the Epistle to the Hebrews and some of Seneca's writings; which possesses qualifications peculiarly fitting him for the performance coincidence, he is of opinion, cannot be fortuitous, but is solely to of a work replete with so many difficulties as that of a Translation be derived from Paul's intimate acquaintance with the Roman and Critical Commentary on the Epistle to the Hebrews. The Philosopher. He further argues in favor of the historical tradition ordeal to which this important portion of Scripture has been sub-respecting Paul's intimacy with Seneca, and endeavours to show, jected by the wild and extravagant hypotheses of some of the from internal criteria of time, that the Epistle to the Hebrews was master-spirits of German theology, rendered it a matter of impe- written during the continuance of that intimacy. The hypothesis rious necessity that some champion, completely accoutred and dis- is maintained with great ingenuity, though it will not (we appreciplined to, the battle, should step forward and take up the gauntlet hend) carry conviction to the minds of its readers. which they have so fearlessly and vauntingly thrown down. If we mistake not, such a champion has here entered the field, and won the day. Questions respecting style, authorship, and interpretation, which men of such celebrity as Eichhorn, Bertholdt, De Wette, and others, were considered to have completely set at rest, have been submitted to a fresh and rigid investigation; and in most instances triumphantly, in all more or less satisfactorily, the very reverse of their conclusions has been shown to be in accordance with the real facts of the case." (Preface to the English edition,

p. v.)

The topics discussed in the FIRST VOLUME, in forty sections, are the form of the epistle; to what church or churches it was addressed; its antiquity and canonical authority; the external and internal evidence that it was written by the apostle Paul, who is most decisively shown to have been its author. The various objections of Bertholdt, Schulz, Seyffarth, De Wette, and Boehme, are discussed, and satisfactorily refuted: to them succeeds a consideration of the style of the epistle and of the hypotheses advocated by some learned men, who have severally ascribed it to Barnabas, Luke, Clement of Rome, and to Apollos. These hypotheses are shown to be destitute of foundation. The volume concludes with a brief notice of the "Critical and Exegetical Helps" to the study of this epistle. The SECOND VOLUME commences with a new translation of the Epistle to the Hebrews, the object of which is to give a more exact view of the features of the original Greek than is presented by the authorized English version. This translation is followed by an admirable continuous commentary upon the whole epistle. When difficulties demanded special and extended investigation, he has thrown the result of such investigation into excursus at the end, after the method pursued by Heinrichs, Koppe, Dindorf, and other German philologers and critics; because difficult subjects can there be treated and studied with more convenience, and also more fully, than if intermixed with the usual series of exegetical notes. The London reprint has been edited with great care by the Rev. Dr. HENDERSON.

162. A literal Translation of St. Paul's Epistle to the Hebrews, from the original Greek, with copious explanatory notes. By the late Rev. George Vaughan SAMPSON, M.A. Edited by his son, the Rev. G. V. Sampson. London, 1828, 8vo.

163. Christiani Theophili KUINÖEL Commentarius in Epistolam ad Hebræos. Lipsiæ, 1831, 8vo.

"With the idiom and spirit of Paul's writings, I cannot help thinking him to be but very moderately acquainted. On questions of higher criticism he details with a good deal of brevity and accuracy what others have said; but he adds nothing to the stock of thought already before the world." (Prof. Stuart, in the Andover Biblical Repository, January, 1833, vol. iii. p. 160.)

164. G. M. AMTHOR Commentatio Exegetico-Dogmatica in tres priores versus capitis primi Epistolæ ad Hebræos scriptæ. Coburgi, 1828, 8vo.

165. De Epistolæ, quæ dicitur ad Hebræos, Indole maxime peculiari Librum composuit Traugott Augustus SEYFFARTH. Lipsiæ, 1821, 8vo.

An elaborate investigation of the style, scope, &c. of the Epistle to the Hebrews; the main object of which is, to disprove the Pauline origin of this epistle. Dr. Seyffarth's hypothesis is completely refuted by Professor Stuart in his Commentary on the Epistle to the Hebrews, vol. i. § 28.


168. Gottlob Christiani STORR opusculum de Catholicarum Epistolarum occasione et scopo. (In the second volume of his collected Opuscula, pp. 367-415.)

169. A Practical Paraphrase on the Seven Catholic Epistles, after the manner of Dr. Clarke's Paraphrase on the Four Evan. gelists. By Samuel COLLET. London, 1734, 8vo.

170. Epistolarum Catholicarum Septenarius, Græce, cum nova versione Latina, ac scholiis grammaticis atque criticis, opera Joh. Benedicti CARPZOVII. Hale, 1790, 8vo.

In this work, the received Greek text of the Seven Catholic Epistles is retained, and the punctuation is corrected where the editor deemed correction necessary. The new Latin version, which is printed with the Greek text, is very close: and in his scholia or notes Professor Carpzov has vindicated his rendering of particular passages, or discussed various readings of importance; and has also illustrated the peculiar idioms occurring in these epistles, especially those of St. John.


171. Annotatio ad Epistolam Jacobi perpetua cum brevi Tractatione Isagogica. Scripsit Matth. SCHRECKENBURGER. Stuttgardiæ, 1832, 8vo.

172. Commentarius in Epistolam Jacobi. Conscripsit Car. Godofr. Guil. THEILE. Lipsiæ, 1833, 8vo.

173. A Practical Commentary, or an Exposition with Notes on the Epistle of James. By Thomas MANTON. London, 1653, 4to.

173*. Sam. Frid. Nathan. MORI Prælectiones in Jacobi et Petri Epistolas. Edidit C. A. Donat. Lipsia, 1794, 8vo. LEIGHTON, D.D. Archbishop of Glasgow. 2 vols. 8vo. Various 174. A Commentary on the First Epistle of Peter, by Robert


This admirable commentary, which fills the first two volumes of Archbishop Leighton's works, is wholly practical, and has long been admired for its piety. Dr. Doddridge, in his paraphrase on bishop Leighton for many important hints. this Epistle, has acknowledged himself deeply indebted to Arch

175. Huberti Philippi de KANTER Commentatio in locum 1 Petri V. 1-4. Lugduni Batavorum, 1823, 4to.

176. In secundam S. Petri Apostoli Epistolam Commentarius. cellanea. Londini, 1690, 8vo. Auctore Thoma SMITH, S.T.P. In pp. 177–372. of his Mis

177. A Dissertation on 2 Pet. i. 16-21. in which the Force of the Apostle's reasoning is shown, and the connection of the whole passage is explained. By William PRIMATT. London, 1751, 8vo.

178. A Dissertation upon the controverted passages in St. Peter and St. Jude concerning the Angels that sinned, and who kept not their first estate. By Samuel HENLEY. London, 1778, 8vo.

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1, 2, AND 3 JOHN.

179. Epistolæ tres Catholicæ S. Joannis Græce, notis illustratæ Leonhardo Christophoro RUHLIO. Amstelodami, 1739, 12mo. 180. Sam. Frid. Nath. MORI Prælectiones Exegetica in tres Johannis Epistolas, cum nova earundem paraphrasi Latinâ. Cura C. A. Hempel. Lipsiæ, 1797, 8vo.

This work contains a free Latin version of St. John's three Epistles, as it was dictated by the late celebrated Professor Morus

1 The Paraphrases of Dr. Benson on these Epistles have already been noticed in No. 74, p.131. of this Appendix.

in his Divinity Lectures, together with his observations on it, and | interpretatio facta, certis historiarum monumentis confirmatur et two critical Excursus, one of which relates to the disputed pas- illustratur, tum quoque quæ Meldensis Præsul Bossnetus hujus sage in 1 John v. 7, 8. libri commentario supposuit, et exegetico Protestantium systemati in visis de Bestia ac Babylone Mystica objecit, sedulo examinantur. Auctore Campegio VITRINGA. Amstelædami, 1719, 4to.

181. A Commentary upon the First, Second, and Third Epistles of Saint John. By Thomas HAWKINS. London, 1808, 8vo.

182. Joh. Jac. RAMBONNET, Specimen Academicum de Secunda Epistola Johannea. Trajecti ad Rhenum, 1819, 8vo.

183. Versio Latina Epistolarum et Libri Visorum Joannis Novi Testamenti, perpetua adnotatione illustrata a M. Godofr. Sigismund. IASPIS. Editio altera, novis curis emendata et aucta. Lipsia, 1821, 8vo.

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187. Epistola Judæ, Græce, commentario critico et annotatione perpetua illustrata, a Henr. Carl. Alex. HAENLEIN. Erlangæ, 1799, 8vo.

188. Collectanea, sive Notæ Critica et Commentarius in Epistolam Judæ. Accedunt de fonte Doctrinæ, et Dictionis Judæ genere et colere, Dissertationes hus. Auctore M. T. LAURMANN. Groninge, 1818, 8vo.

189. A. JESSIEN, de Aura Epistolæ Judæ Commentatio Critica. Lipsiæ, 1820, 8vo.


190. In the second tome or part of Mr. Hugh BROUGHTON'S works (pp. 408-522.), there is an exposition or interpretation of the Revelation of Saint John, entitled "A Revelation of the Holy Apocalypse." The learned writer expounds it chiefly of the corruptions of the Church of Rome.

191. Clavis Apocalyptica ex innatis et insitis Visionum Characteribus eruta et demonstrata a Josepho MEDE.-Ejusdem Commentarius in Apocalypsin, et Appendix ad Clavem Apocalypticam.

These excellent treatises "of the pious and profoundly learned" Joseph Mede (as he is justly styled in the title-page to the collective edition of his works) were originally published in 4to., but now form, together with some other disquisitions on prophecy, the second volume of the folio edition of his works. Mede is universally allowed to have led the way to a correct and rational interpretation of the Apocalypse. The examination of his Clavis occupies the chief part of Bishop Hurd's tenth sermon on the study of the prophecies; and that eminent prelate, after adverting to the numerous and abortive attempts to explain this mysterious book, which were made soon after the Reformation, has the following striking remark concerning Mede:-"The issue of much elaborate inquiry was, that the book itself was disgraced by the fruitless efforts of its commentators, and on the point of being given up as utterly impenetrable, when a sublime genius arose in the beginning of the last century, and surprised the learned world with that great desideratum-a key to the Revelations." (Works, vol. v. p. 270.) The tenth of Bishop Hurd's sermons on the prophecies discusses, after Mede, the interpretation of the Apocalypse.

192. Clavis Apocalyptica, or the Key to the Apocalypse, educed and demonstrated from the natural and internal Characters of the Visions; for the use of those to whom God hath imparted the love and desire of searching into, and understanding that wonderful Prophecy. By Joseph MEDE, B.D. Translated by a Clergyman of the Established Church. London, 1831,


193. A Translation of Mede's Clavis Apocalyptica. Bransby COOPER, Esq. London, 1833, 8vo.

By R.

195. A Perpetual Commentary on the Revelation of Saint John, with a Preliminary Discourse concerning the Principles upon which the said Revelation is to be understood. By Charles DAUBUZ M.A. New modelled, abridged, and rendered plain to the meanest capacity, by Peter Lancaster, A.M. London, 1730,


The best edition of an elaborate and very useful work, of which later writers have not failed to avail themselves. Daubuz's work was first printed in folio, 1720.

196. The Scripture Preservative against Popery; being a Paraphrase with Notes on the Revelation of St. John. By Thomas PYLE, M.A. London, 1735, 8vo. 1795, 2d edition.

This volume completes the Paraphrase on the New Testament, after the manner of Dr. Clarke. Mr. Pyle's Paraphrase on the Acts and Epistles is noticed in p. 131. No. 2. supra.

197. A Paraphrase and Notes on the Revelation of Saint John. By Moses LowMAN. 2d edit. London, 1745, 4to. London, 1807, 8vo. 4th edition.

Bishop Tomline includes this work in his list of books for clergymen and biblical students. Dr. Doddridge has said of it, that he "has received more satifaction from it, with respect to many difficulties" in the book of Revelation, than he "ever found elsewhere, or expected to have found at all." (Works, vol. ii. Leeds edit. p. 37.) in his 229th lecture. (Works, vol. v. pp. 410-414.) Lowman's He has given an abstract of Mr Lowman's scheme of interpretation scheme of the seven seals is also approved by the late Rev. David Simpson, in his "Key to the Prophecies" (p. 582.), as more consistent with history than that of Bishop Newton, printed in the second volume of his dissertations on the prophecies.

198. BENGELIUS's Introduction to his Exposition of the Apocalypse; with his preface, and the greatest part of the conclusion of it; and also his marginal Notes on the text, which are a summary of the whole exposition. Translated from the high Dutch, by John ROBERTSON, M.D. London, 1757, 8vo. See an account of this work in the Monthly Review, O. S. vol. on the Apocalypse is given in the Rev. John Wesley's notes menxviii. pp 25-28. The substance of Bengel's expository writings tioned in p 131 No. 12. of this Appendix.

199. The Revelations translated, and explained throughout, with keys, illustrations, notes, and comments; a copious introduction, argument, and conclusion. By W. COOKE, Greek Professor at Cambridge, &c. 1789, 8vo.

"A writer who can discover" (as Mr. Cooke has done)" the Jewish church in the Iliad, and Christianity in the Odyssey, may certainly find whatever he pleases in the Book of Revelation; but it is not equally certain that he is qualified to detect the fallacies of Joseph Mede, and to prove him mistaken, false, and erroneous. Though the author professes to have lighted the taper of God's truth from the kindled incense of prayers,' and though he may expect that it will flame like a fire-brand, fling and bounce, and run, singeing and scorching wherever it touches,' we have been so unfortunate as not to receive from this flaming taper a single ray to guide us through this region of darkness." (Monthly Review, N. S. vol. iii. p. 148.)

200. Commentarius in Apocalypsin Joannis. Scripsit Jo. Gothofr. EICHHORN. Gottinga, 1792, 2 vols. small 8vo.

The hypothesis of the celebrated Professor Eichhorn is, that the Revelation of Saint John is a prophetic drama, the true subject of which is the spiritual victory of Christianity over Judaism and Paganism. As this Commentary on the Apocalypse is not of very frequent occurrence in this country, the following abstract of his scheme may be not unacceptable to the reader. He divides the Apocalypse into four parts, viz. 1. The Title;-2. The Prologue 1. The Title. (i. 1—3.) itself;-3. The Drama itself;-and 4. The Epilogue.

2. The Prologue (i. 4.—ii1. 22.), in which it is stated that the argument of the drama belongs to the Christians; Epistles to the churches being added, which in the symbolic style of the poem are represented by the number seven.

193*. A Commentary on the Revelation of St. John. By R. 3. The Drama itself (iv. 1.-xxii. 5.) which consists of a prelude Bransby COOPER, Esq. London, 1833, 8vo.

"The first of these publications will be a very acceptable present to the English student of the Bible; as, in having Mede's views set before him, he will certainly have those of the soundest writer on prophecy unfulfilled. The second work is also valuable, as the commentary is nearly founded upon Mede's views, and Mr. Cooper points out where he has gone beyond them." (British Magazine, June, 1833, p. 692.)

194. Anacrisis Apocalypseos Joannis Apostoli, quâ in veras interpretandæ ejus hypotheses diligenter inquiritur, et ex iisdem 4

and three acts!!!

In the Prelude (iv. 1.-viii. 5.), the scenery is prepared and adorned.

ACT I. Jerusalem is taken, i. e. Judaism is conquered by the Christian Religion. (vii. 6.-xii. 17.)

ACT II. Rome is captured; i. e. Paganism is subdued by the Christian Religion. (xi. 18.-xx. 10.)

ACT III. The New Jerusalem descends from heaven; or the happiness of the life to come, which is to endure for ever, is described. (xx. 11.-xxii. 5.)

The Epilogue. (xxii. 6—21.)

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