Mr. Belsham is one of the reputed editors of the "Improved Version" of the New Testament, noticed in p 129. supra. This exposition of St. Paul's Epistles (which is noticed here only that the author may not be charged with designedly omitting it) is executed on the same principles. Able critiques on it may be seen in the Eclectic Review for May and June, 1823, in the fourth volume of the New Edinburgh Review, in the thirteenth volume of the Quarterly Review (in reply to which Mr. Belsham published "A Vindication," in 1825), and, lastly, in the twenty-second volume of the British Review. Some very acute and learned observations, exposing Mr. Belsham's erroneous interpretations, will be found in the Christian Remembrancer for the year 1827.

77. Gottlob Christiani STORR, Interpretatio Epistolarum Pauli ad Philippenses, ad Colossenses, et ad Philemonem, ac etiam in Epistolam Jacobi. 8vo.

84. Apostolical Preaching considered in an examination of St. Paul's Epistles. By John Bird SUMNER, M.A. [now D.D. and Bishop of Chester.] London, 1815, 8vo. and numerous subsequent editions.

85. The Life of Paul the Apostle, with Critical and Practical Remarks on his Discourses and Writings. By Stephen ADDINGTON, D.D. London, 1784, 8vo.

86. General Observations on the Writings of St. Paul. By John HEY, D.D. Buckingham, 1811, 8vo.

This volume was not printed for sale: it contains many pleasing remarks on the style and writings of the Apostle Paul.


87. Jo. Jac. RAMBACHII Introductio Historico-Theologica in Epistolam Pauli ad Romanos. Adjecta est Martini Lutheri aurea præfatio, variis observationibus exegeticis atque apologeticis illustrata. Hala, 1727, 8vo.

These valuable philological commentaries on the above-mentioned Epistles are inserted in the first and second volumes of Dr. Storr's Opuscula Academica ad Interpretationem Librorum Sacrorum pertinentia, 8vo. Tubingen, 1796, 1797. Vol. ii. of the same collection also contains some valuable historical notices, which materially contribute to elucidate Saint Paul's Epistles to the Corinthians. We are further indebted to the same learned author for a similar philologi-introduction may very advantageously be substituted for one. Procal commentary on the Epistle to the Galatians, in vol. ii. of Velthusen's and Kuinöel's collection of Commentationes Theologica. 78. Versio Latina Epistolarum Novi Testamenti, perpetua Annotatione illustrata a Godofr. Sigism. IASPIS. Lipsiæ, vol. i. 1793; vol. ii. 1797, 8vo.

A new edition of this work, very materially enlarged and corrected, was published at Leipsic, in 1821.

78*. Commentarius Perpetuus in decem Apostoli Pauli quas vulgo dicunt Epistolas Minores. Edidit Joannes Fridericus WEINGART. Gothæ, 1816, 8vo.

A useful and unpretending little volume, expressly designed for those who may not have the means of procuring larger and more expensive commentaries. The author professes to have selected his materials from the best commentators, both ancient and modern, with whose annotations he has interwoven his own remarks. He acknowledges his obligations to the previous labours of Koppe and Rosenmüller: and references are introduced to those authors who have particularly illustrated texts of more than ordinary difficulty. 79. Annotations on the Epistles, being a continuation of Mr. Elsley's Annotations on the Gospels and Acts, and principally designed for the use of Candidates for Holy Orders. By the Rev. James SLADE, M.A. London, 1816, 2 vols. 8vo.

80. A Paraphrastic Translation of the Apostolic Epistles, with Notes. By Philip Nicholas SHUTTLEWORTH, D.D. Oxford and London, 1829, 8vo.

This admirably executed work is offered by its learned author expressly for the use of inexperienced biblical students and of general readers. He states his design to be to "give breadth and prominence to those minute but necessary links of reasoning, which are often so cursorily glanced at by the writers as to escape the observation of persons not in the habit of pursuing an elaborate argument through its finest details; to fill up those lacunæ of inference, the implied purport of which, though necessarily suggested by the context to the experienced dialectician, does not always present itself to others less exercised in this species of elliptical composition; and to supply that fluency of context, by which even the languid and desultory reader, when indisposed to the labour of intense thought, may be enabled to take a comprehensive view of the whole chain of the argument and of the object of the writer." Pref. pp. xvii. xviii. The divisions of chapter and verse are very properly thrown into the margin; and numerous notes are inserted, illustrating the scope and bearing of the apostles' reasoning; which exhibit in a comparatively small compass the substance of much learned and laborious research.

81. H. A. SCHOTT et J. F. WINZER Commentarii in Libros Epistolicos Novi Testamenti. Vol. I. Epistolos ad Galatas et Thessalonicenses continens. Lipsia, 1834, 8vo.

This work is executed upon the same plan as Kuinöel's Commentary on the historical books of the New Testament, which is noticed in p 131. of this Appendix. The Greek text is inserted in the commentary. Vol. I., which is all that has hitherto appeared, contains the commentary on the Epistles to the Galatians and Thessalonians, which is written by Dr. Schott.

82. A Harmony of the Epistles of the Holy Apostles, to which is added a Summary of the Entire. By the Rev. Peter ROBERTS, M.A. Cambridge, 1800, 4to.

Though not a commentary in the strictest sense of the word, this work affords so valuable a help towards ascertaining the doctrinal agreement of the Epistles, that it deserves special notice in this place. See a farther account of its plan and execution in page 62. of this Appendix.

83. Essays on some of the Difficulties in the Writings of St. Paul. By Richard WHATELY, D.D. [now Archbishop of Dublin.] London, 1828, 8vo.

Though not a commentary on the Epistle to the Romans, this fessor Tholuck has justly characterized it as being "written with a thorough knowledge of the subject." (Introd. to his Exposition of the Epistle to the Romans, vol. i. p. 34. Edinburgh, 1833.) Not a single point is omitted that can throw any light on the author, time and place of writing, the external and internal state of the Christian church at Rome, the scope and style and the canonical authority of this admirable epistle. The preface of Luther truly deserves the epithet of golden: it illustrates the peculiar phraseology of the apostle, and his arguments of the chapters are singularly perspicuous. In our analysis, &c. of Saint Paul's Epistle to the Romans, we have been largely indebted to Rambach's publication.

87*. Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans. By John CALVIN. To which is prefixed his Life by Theodore Beza. Translated by Francis Sibson, A.B. London, 1834, small 8vo. 88. A Paraphrase and Notes on the Epistle to the Romans, to which is prefixed a Key to the Apostolic Writings, or an Essay to explain the Gospel Scheme and the principal Words and Phrases the Apostles have used in describing it. By J. TAYLOR, D.D. Second and best edition, 1747, 4to.

The first edition of this celebrated and learned work appeared in 1745: two others were printed in the years 1754 and 1769. Archbishop Magee pronounces the system developed in this key to be "nothing more than an artificial accommodation of Scripture phrases to notions utterly repugnant to Christian doctrine." Dr. Taylor's scheme (which was Arian) is examined by Archbp. Magee in the first volume of his Discourses on the Atonement, pp. 181-188. 199-201. 322-333. Dr. Taylor's work contains, howthe Romans, of which we have availed ourselves in the course of ever, several valuable philological illustrations of the Epistle to this Introduction.

89. Clavis Apostolica: or a Key to the Apostolic Writings, being an Attempt to explain the Scheme of the Gospel, and the principal Words and Phrases used by the Apostles in describing it. By the Rev. Joseph MENDHAM, A.M. London, 1821, 12mo.

This small volume is a republication of a series of papers which originally appeared in the sixth volume of the Christian Observer, in opposition to the principles of Dr. Taylor's Key to the Epistle to the Romans, and which the late Archbp. Magee justly pronounced to be "a series of valuable letters." (On the Atonement, vol. ii. p. 344.) "Mr. Mendham's work is well entitled to our approbation, not less for the temperate and judicious manner in which it is written, than for the importance of the subject to which its discussions relate." (Eclectic Review, N. S. vol. xxi. p. 527.)

90. A Paraphrase, with Critical Annotations, on the Epistles of Saint Paul to the Romans and Galatians. By Timothy EDWARDS, A.M. London, 1752, 4to.

We notice this work, which is judiciously compiled from the best previous commentaries on these two Epistles, because it is occasionally to be purchased at a cheap rate. "The author appears to us to have been a person of learning, judgment, and candour, and well acquainted with the sacred writings. He endeavours, in the first place, to give his readers a distinct view of the whole Epistle, to discover the true occasion of the apostle's writing it, the main subject of it, the principal branches of which it consists, and the subdivision of them into their proper sections, paragraphs, and periods; and then to clear up the connection of these several particulars, the seeming perplexity of the arguments, and the hidden force of the reasonings, in order to set forth the true meaning and coherence of the whole discourse in a clear light." (Monthly Review, O. S. vol. vii. p. 412.)

91. Jacobi WELLERI Adnotationes in Epistolam Pauli ad Romanos. Brunswick, 1754, 4to.

92. Jo. Sal. SEMLERI Paraphrasis Epistolæ ad Romanos, cum Notis, translatione vetusta, et dissertatione de duplici Appendice hujus Epistolæ, in cap. xv. xvi. Hala, 1769, small 8vo.

Semler also published similar paraphrases on the following Epis- 101. A Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans, with a tles: viz. 1 & 2 Corinthians, Hale, 1770, 1776; Galatians, ibid. 1779; Translation and various Excursus. By Moses STUART, ProfesJames, ibid. 1781; 1 Peter, ibid. 1783; 2 Peter and Jude, ibid. 1784; sor of Sacred Literature in the Theological Seminary at Andover. Revelation, Neustadt, 1785, and 1 John, to which is added by Pro- Andover [Massachusetts], 1832. London, 1833, 8vo. fessor Noesselt a Disquisition, entitled Narratio de Semlero ejusque meritis in interpretatione S. S. 8vo. Riga, 1792. Semler totally rejects those doctrines concerning original sin, &c. which are received as orthodox by the Protestant churches. His works are all scarce and dear in this country, so that the student will not sustain any loss who may not be able to procure them.

93. A Paraphrase on the Eleven First Chapters of Saint Paul's Epistle to the Romans. By the Rev. Thomas ADAM. London, 1771, 8vo.

"This appears to be the performance of a sensible man, who desires to deliver the true sense of Scripture as far as he can attain it, and to advance the cause of piety among men. His method is, to lay a small number of verses before the reader at one view, in which are inserted a few words to illustrate and explain them, and then he adds several observations upon the sense of the passage, with some practical remarks. On the whole, this paraphrase, not abounding in criticism, as some might expect, appears however to be a candid, well-meant, practical, and useful performance." (Monthly Review, O. S. vol. xlv. pp. 400, 401.) What further recommends this useful work is, the low price at which it may frequently be procured, it having been frequently reprinted.

94. Chr. Frid. SCHMIDII Annotationes in Epistolam Pauli ad Romanos. Lipsiæ, 1777, 8vo.

95. Sam. Frid. Nath. MORI Prælectiones in Epistolam Pauli ad Romanos, cum ejusdem versione Latinâ, locorumque quorundam Novi Testamenti difficiliorum interpretatione. Edidit J. T. T. Holtzapfel. Lipsia, 1794, 8vo.

96. Epistola Pauli ad Romanos, Græce, ex recensione novissima Griesbachii, cum commentario perpetuo. Edidit Chr. Fr. BOEHME. Lipsiæ, 1806, 8vo.

97. Pauli Epistola ad Romanos. Interprete Ern. Godofr. Adolpho BÖCKEL. Gryphiæ, 1821, 8vo.

98. Horæ Romanæ or an Attempt to elucidate St. Paul's Epistle to the Romans, by an original Translation, Explanatory Notes, and New Divisions. By Robert Cox, M.A. London, 1824, 8vo.

"While possessing merit of a high order, it is entirely free from display. The simplicity of the author's plan, and the extremely judicious manner in which he has executed it, entitle him to a measure of our praise which we have not often an occasion of awarding." (Eclectic Review, N. S. vol. xxiii. p. 72.) See also the Quarterly Theological Review, vol. ii. pp. 72-76.

99. Notes on the Epistle to the Romans, intended to assist Students in Theology, and others, who read the Scriptures in the Originals. By Samuel H. TURNER, D.D. New York,

1824, 8vo.

These "Notes" are strictly exegetical, not polemical; and are designed to explain the force and connection of St. Paul's arguments. This object is completely attained by Professor Turner, who has made considerable use of the labours of the German biblical critics, against whose extravagant interpretations and critiques he has, very properly, cautioned his readers. A translation of Koppe's Latin Introduction to the Epistle to the Romans is prefixed; and the work concludes with a well-written "Essay for the consideration of Theological Students."

100. The Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Romans; with an Introduction, Paraphrase, and Notes. By C. H. TERROT, A.M. London, 1828, 8vo.

"If candour, integrity of purpose, and apostolic piety, united to deep research, persevering industry, and varied erudition, could the most difficult of the Pauline Epistles, we believe that Professor qualify any man for the task of translating and expounding critically Stuart possesses these endowments. Whatever be the errors in his work-and our author is the last man to claim infallibility-they arise from the general infirmity of human nature; they are not introduce either to support the views of a polemical partisan, or to maintain the hypothesis of an obstinate disputant. The publication before us is eminently distinguished both for repeated acknowledgment of all the difficulties attendant upon the respective interpretations of the vexati loci,' and for unwearied patience in disentangling the web in which controversialists have loved to involve this sublime epistle."...."Mr. Stuart is original both in his translation and his comments. He at one time objects to Calvin, at another to Arminius: and we do not think that any partisan will have reason to quarrel with the Professor for a blind adherence to any set of opinions.'" (British Critic, for October, 1833, pp. 430, 431.)

The Translation is couched in elegant language, and divided with great care into sections, each of which has an appropriate, if not perfectly correct, title, and is subdivided into paragraphs as the sense requires. A great deal of the obscurity of the epistle, as it stands in the common version, is removed by the hypothesis that in chapter iii., and in several other places, Saint Paul quotes and answers a supposed objector. The queries and objections thus quoted and answered, Mr. Stuart has distinguished by quotation marks, which render the epistle at once more interesting and more intelligible. Mr. Stuart has also rendered the particles so skilfully, as to give the whole epistle the appearance, not of a parcel of disjecta membra, accidently thrown together, but of a connected and orderly treatise. He has also given a faithful representation of the original, as regards the use of the article. The Commentary is a work of great labour. The author seems seldom to have contented himself with second-hand observations, but to have consulted for himself all original authorities, and to have faithfully prepared himself to meet any probable or possible objection to his own views." (American Monthly Review, Nov. 1832, vol. ii. p. 393.)

This Commentary and Excursus are filled with interesting and valuable information. The work is intended for young students in divinity, and therefore we meet often with minute criticisms, which to the matured scholar and theologian may appear unnecessary, but which will be found highly useful to the beginner, as they will draw his attention to nice points of theology, and so tend to give him accuracy as well as extent of knowledge.

The London impression of 1833 is handsomely and very correctly printed under the editorial care of the Rev. Drs. J. P. Smith and E. Henderson.

Extracts from the Exegetical Works of the Fathers and Re-
102. Exposition of St. Paul's Epistle to the Romans; with

formers. Translated from the original German of Dr. Fred.
Aug. Gottreu THOLUCK, Professor of Theology in the Royal
University of Halle. By the Rev. Robert MENZIES. Vol. I.
Edinburgh, 1833, 12mo.

This work forms part of the Edinburgh Biblical Cabinet, noticed in p. 72. No. 2. supra. The learned author, Professor Tholuck, has had the distinguished honour of standing foremost among the defenders of ancient orthodoxy against the modern neologians of Germany: and "the Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans is the most important work which has hitherto proceeded from his of evangelical truth, and the fierce hostility with which it has pen. The universal approbation it has received from the friends been assailed by the rationalist party in Germany" (where, notwithstanding it has passed through many editions), "afford the most satisfactory evidence of its distinguished worth." (Translator's preface, p. xii.) Professor Stuart, in the preface to his admirable highest approbation of Dr. Tholuck's labours, to which he acknowledges himself "most of all indebted." The purchaser of Professor Stuart's work with find it desirable to study Dr. T.'s Exposition in connection with it. The translator has ably performed his difficult task, and has enriched the volume with an instructive preface.

The design of this publication is, to bring together such information as may assist young students of divinity in obtaining a right understanding of St. Paul's Epistle to the Romans. By way of apparatus towards an examination of the Epistle, the author has pre-work on the epistle to the Romans (p. vii.), has expressed the fixed, 1. A Chronological Table of the Acts of that Apostle, abridged from Bishop Pearson's Annales Paulini; 2. A brief Exposition of the occasion, date, and genuineness of the Epistle; 3. An Analysis of its contents; 4. A Critical Inquiry into the meaning of the theological terms, which in our authorized version are rendered justify and justification, faith, law, and works of the law, flesh, and impute; and, 5. A List of all the Passages of the Old Testament quoted in the Epistle to the Romans. The Greek text follows, according to Dr. Knappe's third edition (Hale, 1824), and on the opposite page is given the author's paraphrase. The volume concludes with a collection of notes, in the composition of which Mr. Terrot has availed himself of the previous works of the most distinguished 104. St. Paul's Wish to be accursed from Christ illustrated, British commentators and divines, and also of the philological and vindicated from Misconstructions. With an Appendix, labours of the most eminent continental critics. "This work derives its chief commendation, not so much for what it has accom-containing a Collection of the most material Observations upon plished, as for the plan of study which it opens up to the young the Text by ancient and modern Writers. By Bartholomew divine; showing, by a very successful example, the aid which may KEELING. Oxford, 1766, 8vo. be brought to theological investigation from the stores of general literature, and especially from those other sources where the fruit of the tree of knowledge is not altogether unmixed." (British Critic, April, 1829, vol. v. p. 346.)

103. A Critical Exposition of the Ninth Chapter of the Doctrine of Predestination. By J. FAWCETT. London, 1752, Epistle to the Romans, as far as is supposed to relate to the 8vo.

105. De Consecutione Sententiarum in Pauli ad Romanos Epistola Commentatio. Auctore Ernesto Friderico HOEFFNERO Lipsia, 1828, 8vo.


106. Pauli ad Corinthios Epistolæ, Græce, perpetua annotatione illustratæ, a Fr. Aug. Guil. KRAUSE, vol. i. complectens Epistolam priorem. Francofurti, 1792, 8vo.

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learned commentator's own criticisms, and many doctrinal and practical observations are interspersed, with a view of farther explaining the tendency of the apostle's reasoning, and improving the moral temper and conduct of the reader." "The commentary on the two Epistles to the Thessalonians is more diffuse: the Co-with whom none were more conversant, and omitted no opporauthor has every where introduced references to original writers, tunity of subjoining practical reflections, adapted to the various passages which he had previously explained by learned and liberal criticism." (Monthly Review, O. S. vol. lvi. pp. 161, 162.)

107. A Paraphrase of Saint Paul's First Epistle to the rinthians, with Explanatory Notes. By the Rev. J. G. TOLLEY, M.A. London, 1825, 8vo.

108. Commentarius in priorem Divi Pauli ad Corinthios Epistolam. Auctore Aug. Ludov. Christ. HEYDENREICH. Marburgi, 1827-28, 2 vols. 8vo.

The first volume contains the first eight chapters of St. Paul's First Epistle to the Corinthians. The remaining chapters are illustrated in the second volume. In the prolegomena the author has given a concise account of the city of Corinth, the introduction of Christianity, and the state of the Christian church, together with the occasion and argument of the epistle, its canonical authority and authenticity; and a list of the best commentators on this particular epistle. The commentary is principally philological.

109. Animadversiones ad Cap. III. et XIII. Epistolæ Pauli I. ad Corinthios. Scripsit Dr. Ant, Georg. HOLMANN. Lipsiæ, 1819, 8vo.

This tract elucidates certain words and difficult passages in the third and thirteenth chapters of St. Paul's first Epistle to the Corinthians.

110. Observationes ad Versus postremos Capitis XIII. prioris Pauli ad Corinthios Epistolæ recte intelligendos. Auctore A. SCHOTT. Jenæ, 1823, 4to.

111. Commentatio Critica et Exegetica in Paulinæ Epistolæ ad Corinthios caput XIII. Scripsit Dr. L. G. PAREAU. Trajecti ad Rhenum, 1828, 8vo.

112. A Paraphrase on the Fifteenth Chapter of the First Epistle to the Corinthians, with Critical Notes and Observations, and a preliminary Dissertation; a Commentary, with Critical Remarks, on the Sixth, Seventh, and part of the Eighth Chapters of the Romans, &c. By John ALEXANDER. London, 1766, 4to. See an account of this tract, in the Monthly Review, O. S. vol. xxxiv. pp. 443--451.

113. Pauli ad Corinthios Epistola secunda, perpetua annotatione illustrata, a Jo. Georg. Frid. LEUN. Lemgoviæ, 1804, 8vo. 114. Epistola Pauli ad Corinthios posterior, Græce. Perpetuo Commentario illustravit A. G. EMMERLING. Lipsia, 1823, 8vo. 115. Disputatio de alterâ Pauli ad Corinthios Epistolâ, et observandâ in illâ Apostoli indole et oratione, quam pro summis in theologiâ honoribus in Academia Rheno-Traject., publico examini submittit Herm. Jo. ROYAARDS. Trajecti ad Rhenum, 1818, 8vo.

This well compiled academical dissertation consists of three parts, in which the author examines, 1. The second Epistle to the Corinthians; 2. The character of Saint Paul; and, 3. The language and style of the apostle. The second division is particularly valuable.

116. C. F. A. FRITSCHE, De nonnullis Posterioris Pauli ad Corinthios Epistolæ Locis Dissertationes Duæ. Lipsiæ, 1824, 8vo.

117. Alberti Gerhardi BECKER, Conjectanea in' Locum Paulinum 2 Corinth. XII. 7-9. Magdeburgi, 1822, 8vo.


118. Sam. Frid. Nath. MORI Acroases in Epistolas Paulinas ad Galatas et Ephesios. Lipsia, 1795, 8vo.

119. A Commentary on Saint Paul's Epistle to the Galatians, translated from the Latin of Martin LUTHER. Svo. and 2 vols. 12mo.

There are also editions extant in folio and 4to. of this valuable work, which completely expose the doctrine of justification by works alone. We may apply to it in particular what Erasmus is recorded to have said of Luther's commentaries in general:"There is more solid divinity contained in one page than could be found in many prolix treatises of schoolmen and such kind of authors." (Middleton's Biographia Evangelica, vol. i. p. 230.) Walchius states that Protestants and Catholics have both concurred in their commendations of Luther's work. (Biblioth. Theolog. vol. iv. p. 607.)

120. A Paraphrase and Notes on the Epistles of Saint Paul to the Galatians and Ephesians, with Doctrinal and Practical Observations, together with a Critical and Practical Commentary on the Two Epistles of Saint Paul to the Thessalonians. By the late learned Samuel CHANDLER, D.D. London, 1777, 4to. "The paraphrase clearly and fully expresses the meaning of the sacred writer; the notes are enriched by original quotations from Greek and Latin authors, in order to illustrate and confirm the

121. Interpretatio Epistolæ Pauli ad Galatas, auctore E. A. BORGER. Lugd. Bat. 1807, 8vo.

122. Pauli ad Galatas Epistola. Latinè vertit, et Commentario Perpetuo illustravit Doctor et Professor G. B. WINER. Lipsia, 1821; Editio secunda, aucta et emendata, 1827; Editio tertia, aucta et emendata, 1829, 8vo.

While this sheet was passing through the press, a translation of this valuable work by the Rev. W. Cunningham was announced as forming part of the Edinburgh Biblical Cabinet. Copious illustrations were to be added from the previous commentaries of Koppe, Borger, and others.

123. Gottlob Frid. GUDE de Ecclesiæ Ephesina Statu imprimis ævo apostolico, Commentatio Historico-Exegetico-Critica. Accedit Vita S. Apostoli Pauli per Georgium Majorem descripta. Lipsiæ, 1732, 8vo.

124. Joannis TARNOVII Commentarius in Epistolas Pauli ad Ephesios, ad Philippenses, ad Colossenses, et ad Thessalonicenses. 4to. Rostochii, 1636.


125. The Church at Philippi, or the Doctrines and Conduct torical Commentary upon St. Paul's Epistle to the Philippians. of the early Christians illustrated: Intended to serve as an HisBy Henry Samuel BAYNES. London, 1834, 12mo.

126. Meinardi Henrici SCHOTANI Analysis et Commentarius in Epistolam Paulli ad Philippenses. Franeckeræ, 1737, 4to.

127. Antonii Friderici, BusCHINGII Introductio HistoricoTheologica in Epistolam Paulli ad Philippenses. Halæ, 1746, 4to.

128. Pauli Apostoli Epistola ad Philippenses, Græcè ex Recensione Griesbachianâ novâ Versione Latinâ et Annotatione perpetuâ illustrata, à J. G. AM-ENDE. 8vo. Vitebergæ, 1798.

129. Specimen Academicum Inaugurale de Cœtus Christianorum Philippensis Conditione primæva, ex Epistolâ iis ab Apostolo Paulo scriptâ præcipue dijudicandâ a Johanne Hoog. Lugduni Batavorum, 1825, 8vo.

The origin and state of the church at Philippi, the date, place where written, scope and argument of the Epistle to the Philippians, are discussed in this academical dissertation, which happily elucidates many passages of that epistle.


dum in Christo Patrem, Joannem [DAVENANT] Episcopum 130. Expositio Epistolæ D. Pauli ad Colossenses, per reverenSarisburiensem jam primum edita: olim ab eodem, Domina Margareta in Academiâ Cantabrigiensi Professore Theologico, dictata. Cantabrigiæ, 1627, folio.

131. An Exposition of the Epistle of St. Paul to the Colossians, by the Right Rev. John Davenant, D.D., Bishop of Salisbury. Translated from the Original Latin, with a Life of the Author, and Notes. By the Rev. Josiah ALLFORT. London, 1831-32, 2 vols. 8vo.

As Bishop Davenant's valuable exposition of St. Paul's epistle to the Colossians had long become extremely scarce, Mr. Allport has conferred no small favour on biblical students, by rendering his "The translation not only work accessible to English readers. possesses the more ordinary and absolutely indispensable prerequisites of general accuracy and fidelity, but the more rare recommendations of considerable care, propriety, and even elegance.".... "A very valuable feature of the present work is, that the Editor has appended (in the form of notes), biographical sketches of the Fathers and Schoolmen whose names so profusely adorn the pages of Davenant."..." His notes contain a great deal of curious and valuable information. The Sketch of the Life of Davenant deserves the highest praise: it is the only attempt that has ever been made to give any thing like a detailed account of the history and writings of that great and good man." (Eclectic Review, February, 1833.)

132. An Exposition upon the Epistle to the Colossians. Wherein not only the text is methodically analyzed, but the sense of the words, by the help of writers, both ancient and modern, is explained. By N. BYFIELD. London, 1615, folio.

133. The Epistles of St. Paul to the Colossians, to the Thes- 151. Pauli ad Philemonem Epistola, Græce et Latine, illussalonians, to Timothy, and to Titus, and the General Epistle of trata a Lebr. Gottl. SCHMIDIO. Lipsia, 1786, 8vo. St. James: a new Version from the Greek, and chiefly from the Text of Griesbach. By Philalethes. [John JONES, LL.D.] London, 1820, 12mo.

Of this translation, which in many instances is made to support the scheme of the modern Socinians, the reader will find an account in the Eclectic Review (N. S.), vol. xiv. pp. 277–283.

134. Isagoge in Epistolam a Paulo Apostolo ad Colossenses datam Theologica, Historica, Critica, accesserunt Enarratio cap. I. Coloss. v. 1-14. et Excursus epistolam spectantes tres. Confecit Gulielmus BOEHMERUS. Berolini, 1829, 8vo.

135. Gulielmi Boehmeri Symbole Biblicæ ad Dogmaticam Christianam sive Observationes in Sectionem Apostolicam Coloss. I. v. 18-23. Wratislaviæ, 1833, 8vo.


136. An Exposition upon the two Epistles of the Apostle Saint Paul to the Thessalonians. By the Rev. Father John JEWEL, late Bishop of Sarisburie. London, 1583, 12mo. Reprinted in 1811, 8vo.

This valuable Commentary on the Epistles to the Thessalonians is printed in the folio edition of Bp. Jewel's works (London, 1609), and also in the seventh volume of the compilation, entitled the "Fathers of the English Church."

137. Joannis Alphonsi TURRETINI Commentarius Theoreticopracticus in Epistolas Divi Pauli ad Thessalonicenses. Basilea, 1739, 8vo. also in the second volume of the collective edition of Turretin's Works, in 4to.

138. The Greek of the Epistle of Saint Paul to the Thessalonians explained. By John PHILLIPS. London, 1751, 4to.

"This work contains the Greek Text, but no translation. The notes are very considerable. They are philological, critical, and theological. It was designed as a specimen of a work upon all the Epistles, but which was never completed. It is exceedingly scarce." (Orme's Biblioth. Bibl. p. 349.)

139. Pauli Epistolæ ad Thessalonicenses. Recensuit, veterum recentiorumque notas selectas congessit, suasque adjecit, et tamquam specimen novæ editionis Epistolarum Pauli edidit F. SCHLEIERMACHER. Berolini, 1823, 8vo.

140. Specimen Academicum Inaugurale de Cœtus Christianorum Thessalonicensis Ortu Fatisque, et prioris Pauli iis scriptæ Epistolæ Consilio atque Argumento. Auctore Joanne Jacobo BURGERHOUDT. Lugduni Batavorum, 1825, 8vo.


152. An Exposition of the Epistle to the Hebrews, with preliminary Exercitations. By John OWEN, D.D. Folio, 4 vols. London, 1668-74, 8vo. 7 vols.

This work is particularly valuable for its illustration of the Epistle to the Hebrews by the aid of Rabbinical learning: it is replete with doctrinal and experimental remarks. A well executed abridg ment of it was published in 4 vols. 8vo. 1790, by the late Dr. Edward Williams, of which a new edition was printed in 1815, 4 vols. 8vo.

153. Joannis BRAUNII Commentarius in Epistolam ad Hebræos, cum indicibus locupletissimis et quibusdam tabulis æneis elegantissimis. Amstel. 1705, 4to.

Professor Braun or Braunius is well known for several valuable pieces elucidating sacred antiquities. His commentary on the Epistle to the Hebrews, in the opinion of J. B. Carpzov, is one of the best ever edited. It is indeed truly valuable for its illustrations by the aid of Rabbinical learning: and the author is particularly able in refuting the perverse interpretations of the celebrated Socinian teacher, Schlichtingius.

154. An Exposition of the Epistle to the Hebrews, by Mr. Robert DUNCAN, minister of the Gospel. Edinburgh, 1731, 8vo. A useful and cheap exposition of the Epistle to the Hebrews. 155. Joannis Benedicti CARPZOVII Exercitationes in Pauli Epistolam ad Hebræos ex Philone Alexandrino. Helmstadt, 1750, 8vo.

A work of singular utility in explaining the phraseology of St. Paul's Epistle to the Hebrews.

156. A Paraphrase and Notes on the Epistle to the Hebrews. By the late Rev. James PEIRCE. With a Paraphrase and Notes on the last three chapters of the Hebrews left unfinished by Mr. Peirce, and an Essay to discover the author of the Epistle and Language in which it was originally written. By Joseph Hallet, jun. London, 1733, 4to.

This forms part of the work noticed in p. 134. No. 72. of this Appendix. "Some of the sentiments," says Professor Stuart, "differ widely from those of Owen, and are such as ought to be examined with great caution; but the work, as a whole, exceeds any Eng. lish commentary which I have read. The author has a great deal criticism." (Stuart on the Epistle to the Hebrews, vol. i. p. 286. of acuteness, and is by no means wanting in regard to a tact for American edition, or p. 346. London edition.)

157. A Paraphrase and Notes on the Epistle to the Hebrews. This Dissertation may be considered as a valuable introduction To which is prefixed an Inquiry into :-the Author of this Episto the first Epistle to the Thessalonians: every topic which is tle; when it was written; the manner of citing the Old Testanecessary to the correct understanding of it, is satisfactorily dis-ment; and the method of reasoning in it, &c. By Arthur Ash


141. Epistolas Pauli ad Thessalonicenses commentario et delectis Patrum Ecclesiasticorum expositionibus, margini subjectis, illustravit Ludovicus PELT. Gryphiswaldiæ, 1830, 8vo. 142. J. G. REICHE Authentiæ posterioris ad Thessalonicenses Epistolæ Vindicia. Gottinga, 1830, 4to.

1 AND 2 TIMOTHY, TITUS, AND PHILEMON. 143. D. Pauli Epistolæ ad Timotheum, Titum et Philemonem, Observationibus grammaticis, historicis, logicis, theologicis illustratæ ab Abrahamo SCULTETO. Francofurti, 1624, 4to.

144. S. Pauli Apostoli Epistola utraque ad Timotheum, cum Commentario Joannis CoccEII. Lugduni Batavorum, 1667, 4to. 145. BECKHAUS (Joach. Frid.) Specimen Observationum Critico-Exegeticarum de Vocabulis ar nuevas et rarioribus dicendi Formulis in prima ad Timotheum Epistola Paulina obviis, Authentiæ ejus nihil detrahentibus. Linga, 1810, 8vo. 146. A. CURTI de Epistolæ prioris ad Timotheum authentiâ, cum aliquo vitæ Paulina tempore conciliandâ Commentatio. Berolini, 1828, 8vo.

147. Commentationes de Epistolâ posteriori Pauli ad Timotheum. Scripsit Johannes BRÜCHNER. Hafniæ, 1829, 8vo. 148. Petri VON HAVEN Commentatio Analytica in Epistolam Paulli ad Titum. Hale, 1742, 4to.

149. A Commentary on the Epistle of Saint Paul written to Titus. By Thomas TAYLOR. Cambridge, 1612, 4to. 1658, folio. Walchius speaks very highly of this commentary, both in a philological and in a practical point of view. (Bibl. Theol. Select. vol. iv. p. 723.) The learned author was a frequent preacher before Queen Elizabeth and King James I.

150. Henrici HUMMELII Explanatio Epistolæ Apostoli Pauli ad Philemonem. Tiguri, 1670, folio.

ley SYKES, D.D. London, 1755, 4to.

158. Joannis Augusti ERNESTI Lectiones Academicæ in Epistolam ad Hebræos ab ipso revisæ, cum ejusdem excursibus theologicis edidit; Commentarium, in quo multa ad recentissimorum imprimis interpretum sententias pertinentia uberius illustrantur, adjecit Gotlib Immanuel Dindorf. Lipsia, 1815, royal 8vo.

These Academic Lectures of Ernesti were delivered by that eminent scholar and divine while he was professor of divinity at Leipsic. They have been edited from his corrected copy, with various important additions by Professor Dindorf, who succeeded him in the Hebrew chair at Leipsic. These are included between brackIets, with the initial letter D., and require to be read with caution, Prof. Dindorf's sentiments on the person of Christ not being the most correct. On some of the earlier chapters there are also some marginal observations of an anonymous pupil of Ernesti's, which are distinctly marked. Professor Stuart characterizes it as "a book of real worth in a critical respect, although not executed with much taste as to form and matter." (On the Epistle to the Hebrews, vol. i. p. 287. American edition; or p. 347. London edition.)

159. A Paraphrase and Commentary on the Epistle to the Hebrews. By Archibald MACLEAN. London, 1819, 2 vols. 8vo. 160. Epistola ad Hebræos, Latinè versa et largo explicata commentario, a Chr. Frid. BоEHME. Lipsiæ, 1823, 8vo.

161. Epître aux Hébreux, divisée d'après les matières, aveo des sommaires indiquant le contenu et l'objet de chaque division et sous-division, des notes, et des intercalations explicatives entremêlés au texte. Génève, 1824, 8vo.

161*. A Commentary on the Epistle to the Hebrews. By Moses STUART, Associate Professor of Sacred Literature in the Theological Seminary at Andover, United States. Andover, 1827, 2 vols. 8vo. Second edition, revised and enlarged, 1833, in 1 volume, 8vo.

This masterly work originated in the arduous duties incident to the office which Professor Stuart has for some years filled, with

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