40. The New Testament, translated from the Greek; and A critical analysis of the contents is placed at the head of each the Four Gospels arranged in Harmony, where the parts of each are introduced according to the Natural Order of the Narrative, and the Exact Order of Time. With some Preliminary Observations, and Notes critical and explanatory. By William THOMPSON, A.M. Kilmarnock, 1816, 3 vols. 8vo

This work the writer of these pages has never been able to procure it is thus characterized by Mr. Orme:-" Mr. Thompson is entitled to respect, for his attempt to translate the New Testament, whatever opinion may be formed of his success. If a profound acquaintance with classical and biblical Greek, solidity of judgment, great nicety of taste, and acuteness of discernment, together with a command of pure and easy phraseology in our native tongue, be essential to a good translation of the Bible, this work will not stand the test. The author's attainments in all these respects were very moderate. The version is 'studiously made as literal as possible. The English idiom is continually sacrificed to the Greek, so that grammatical propriety is often violated; and the desire to render the translation very faithful, and very clear, has often made it obscure and incorrect. He never departs from the received text in a single instance; so that, for him, Mill and Wetstein and Griesbach have all laboured in vain. The preliminary observations contain some feeble criticism on Dr. Campbell's Dissertations. The notes to the work are numerous, and sometimes long; but they rarely discover much ability. The piety of the author, and his attachment to the leading doctrines of the Gospel, are very apparent; and, with all its defects, some of the renderings are good, and many remarks occur which are worthy of attention." (Orme's Biblioth. Biblica, p. 430.)

page. A few notes are given on the punctuation of several passages, together with a short Introduction, on the origin and proper use of the Divisions into Chapters and Verses; an outline of a Harmony of the Gospels, arranged from Archbishop Newcome's; a Table of the Order and Date of the Books of the New Testament, and an Index of Quotations from the Old Testament.

43. The New Testament of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. With an Introduction and Notes. By J. A. CUMMINGS. Second edition, revised and improved. Boston, 1827, 12mo.

44. The New Testament: with a Plain Exposition for the use of Families. By the Rev. Thomas Bors, M.A. London, 1827, 4to.

45. Analecta Theologica. A digested and arranged Compendium of the most approved Commentaries upon the New Testament. By the Rev. William TROLLOPE, M.A. London, 1829-34, 2 large vols. 8vo.

The object of this laborious and comprehensive work is, to compress into as condensed a form as is consistent with perspicuity, the opinions, illustrations, and expositions of the principal theolo gians and biblical critics. The several arguments are digested and arranged in such a manner that the merits of any question may be seen at one view, without reference to the authors themselves; the bulk and high price of many of whose works place them beyond the reach of junior biblical students, for whose use Mr. Trollope's publication is especially designed. Those writers, who have taken different sides in certain questions, are distinctly marked; and the student is directed to that interpretation of the several disputed texts which seems to be best supported, and most generally approved. It is a primary and very important feature of this work, that it gives the WHOLE of the arguments on any consome of those collections of notes which are much in use among junior students, the heads of such arguments only are given, leaving the inexperienced reader in a maze of conflicting opinions, and unable to form his own judgment without consulting the writers themselves; whose works in many cases he may not have the opportunity or the means of procuring.

41. Recensio Synoptica Annotationis Sacræ, being a Critical Digest and Synoptical Arrangement of the most important Annotations on the New Testament, exegetical, philological, and doctrinal; carefully collected and condensed from the best Com-tested topic in a conspicuous and connected form: whereas in mentators, both Ancient and Modern, and so digested as to form one consistent body of Annotation, in which each portion is systematically attributed to its respective author, and the foreign matter translated into English. The whole interspersed with a copious body of original Annotations. By the Rev. S. T. BLOOMFIELD, M.A. [now D.D.] London, 1827, 8 very large volumes, 8vo.

Copious as is the title-page of this elaborate work, it barely expresses the nature of its various contents. Purposely avoiding to treat on those subjects which are discussed in the Commentaries of Bp Mant and Dr. D'Oyly, of Dr. A. Clarke and of Mr. Hewlett, the annotations of Messrs. Elsley and Slade, the treatises of Bps. Tomline and Marsh, Michaelis's Introduction, and also in this work, Dr. Bloomfield has derived his exegetical and doctrinal annotations from the Scholiasts and Glossographers, as well as from Theophylact, Theodoret, Euthymius, and other ancient fathers of the church, especially the eloquent and erudite Chrysostom; while Elsner, Raphelius, Kypke, Wetstein, Koppe, Rosenmüller, Tittmann, Kuinöel, Whitby, Macknight, Doddridge, and numerous other critics and commentators, both British and foreign, have largely contributed to his philological illustrations. Nor has he omitted to avail himself of the valuable aids for the elucidation of the Scriptures which are contained in the works of Cartwright, Buxtorf, Lightfoot, Pococke, Surenhusius, Schoettgenius, Meuschen, and others. Those only who have been engaged in similar studies can appreciate the labour of Dr Bloomfield's undertaking, to which he has devoted many years of patient research, amid the conflicting opinions of critics and theologians. There is scarcely a single difficult passage which is not elucidated; while the genuineness of some important texts, which had been impugned, is ably vindicated and established. Avoiding minor topics, on which real Christians may agree to differ in opinion, Dr. B. has laudably applied his learning to the defence of these cardinal doctrines of the New Testament, the Deity and vicarious Atonement of Jesus Christ, and the Deity and Personality of the Holy Spirit. To those who have not the means of procuring the costly and voluminous publications of foreign commentators, these volumes will be most acceptable; while such as may possess them will here find a convenient manual of reference for their opinions on various topics. The value of Dr. Bloomfield's work is enhanced by the numerous glossarial notes which he has introduced on difficult words of rare or infrequent occurrence. The first part, which consists of three volumes, is appropriated to the elucidation of the four Gospels; the second, which is in five volumes, treats on the Acts and Epistles. Altogether, this is one of the most important works in sacred literature which has been offered to the attention of Bible students for many years.

42. The New Testament of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ; translated out of the original Greek, and with the former Translations diligently compared and revised. Arranged in Paragraphs, such as the sense requires; the divisions of Chapters and Verses being noted in the margin; with various tables, &c. By James NOURSE. New York, 1827, 8vo.

The common (or authorized) translation remains unaltered; the paragraphs are generally copied from those in Knapp's critical edition of the Greek Testament, noticed in p. 16. of this Appendix; though sometimes the paragraphs of Bengel's edition are preferred.

46. The Christian Expositor, or Practical Guide to the Study of the New Testament, intended for the Use of General Readers. By the Rev. George HOLDEN, M.A. London, 1830, 12mo. Price 10s. 6d.

This volume also forms a part of Mr. Holden's commentary on the entire Bible, the plan of which is stated in page 114. No. 57. supra. "In the prosecution of his undertaking the author has given an explanation of every verse, and even of every phrase in the New Testament, which appeared liable to be misunderstood; first, by a critical examination of the sacred text itself, and then by consulting the most eminent commentators and biblical critics, both British and foreign. Without any parade of sacred philology, he has concisely given the results of his investigation; and the reader, who has recourse to his pages for the interpretation of really difficult passages, will rarely, if ever, be disappointed." (Christian Remembrancer, August, 1830, p. 480.) "As a practical expositor of the New Testament, convenient for ready, and, we may add, satisfactory reference, this is one of the most useful works that has for some time appeared, connected with biblical literature. Mr. Holden gives us, instead of philology, the results of philology, two extremely different things; and such words and passages only, as admit of ambiguity, are selected for explanation. The task is accomplished with great intelligence and learning." (Monthly Review, July, 1830, pp. 468, 469.)

47. The Devotional Testament, containing Reflections and Meditations on the different Paragraphs of the New Testament of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ; intended as a Help fo the Closet and for domestic Worship. By the Rev. Richard MARKS. London, 1830. 4to.

48. Explanatory Notes upon the New Testament, with occasional Remarks, critical and practical. By the Rev. G. BLISS. London, 1832, 12mo.

49. A New and Corrected Version of the New Testament; or, a Minute Revision and professed Translation of the original Histories, Memoirs, Letters, Prophecies, and other productions of the Evangelists and Apostles. To which are subjoined a few generally brief, critical, explanatory, and practical Notes. By Rodolphus DICKINSON. Boston [Massachusetts], 1833, royal


"Mr. Dickinson has reformed the titles of the several books of the New Testament, substituting for those generally received such as the following. History by Matthew; Luke's History of Apostolic and Ecclesiastical Transactions; John's General Address to Christians; John's Letter to an eminent Christian Woman; John's Letters Visions, and Prophecies. Whether there is not a ridiculous affectation in all this, let our readers judge. This work is announced on the title-page as a professed translation. By this we are, it is presumed, to understand, that it is not an actual translation, but a concoction of materials in the vernacular tongue, designed to pass as a new translation. And we are very willing to believe it a pra

fessed translation; for a pretty thorough examination has failed to show us the faintest traces of a critic's hand. Where ill-chosen and ill-arranged phraseology has not made the work utterly unintelligible, the sense is generally the same with that of the received version, with here and there a modification borrowed from Campbell or Macknight...... Apart from its literary execution, this professed translation has no distinctive character: and, as the author (in his preface) places his chief reliance on the rhetorical embellishments with which he has adorned the sacred text, we are constrained to award a verdict of unqualified condemnation.

"The notes which form the Appendix to this volume are principally selected from English and American writers. They are excerpted indifferently from writers of widely varying creeds..... He has introduced many annotations from works not professedly critical. He has elevated some men to the rank of commentators on Scripture, who surely never anticipated that honour. He gives us on the Logos a note from Jefferson, and several of the largest notes are credited to such men as J. Q. Adams, Chancellor Kent, and Wirt. The Free Enquirer, an infidel paper published at New York, furnishes several short remarks. And there are some original notes, tinged with the translator's usual grandiloquence." (American Monthly Review for March, 1838, vol. iii. pp. 221, 222, 223.)

50. The Village Testament, according to the authorized version, with Notes, Original and Selected: likewise Introductions and concluding Remarks to each book, Polyglott References, and Marginal Readings, Geographical Index, Chronological and other Tables [and two Maps]. By the Rev. William PATTON. New York, 1833, second edition, 1834, 18mo.

A commodious edition of the New Testament, and neatly printed, with a minute but very distinct type. The notes have been compiled with much industry: a considerable portion of them is original.

51. The Pocket Commentary, consisting of Critical Notes on the New Testament; original and selected from the most celebrated Biblical Critics and Commentators. By David DAVIDSON. Second Edition. Edinburgh, 1834, 18mo.

5. A Commentary, with Notes, on the Four Evangelists and the Acts of the Apostles; together with a New Translation of Saint Paul's First Epistle to the Corinthians, with a Paraphrase and Notes, to which are added other Theological Pieces. By Zachary PEARCE, D.D., late Bishop of Rochester. London, 1777, 2 vols. 4to.

"On the whole, Dr. Pearce deserves to be ranked with other writers of eminence who have employed their philological learning in illustrating the sacred writings." (Monthly Review, O. S. vol. lvi. p. 205.) To Dr. Z. Pearce, Bishop of Rochester, we are indebted for an invaluable commentary and notes on the four Gospels," &c. "The deep learning and judgment displayed in these notes are really beyond all praise." (Dr. A. Clarke.)

6. Pericopa Evangelicæ. Illustravit Christ. Theoph. KUINÖEL. Lipsiæ, 1796, 1797, 2 vols. 8vo.

This work contains critical and expository annotations on the Gospels for every Sunday in the year, according to the ritual of the Lutheran church, in which these portions of the New Testament usually form the subjects of the preacher's discourse. The passages selected are nearly the same as those used in the Liturgy of the Anglican church. The notes in this work are much enlarged and corrected in the ensuing article.

7. D. Christiani Theophili KUINOEL Commentarius in Libros Novi Testamenti Historicos, Vols. I.-III. Lipsia, 1808-1812; Vol. IV. Lipsia, 1818, and various subsequent editions, all in 8vo. Londini, 1828, 3 tomis, 8vo.

This is one of the best philological commentaries on the historical books of the New Testament. "As a philologist, Kuinõel has exhibited a great deal of labour and care in the investigation of words and phrases......In general, he is a sober, judicious critic, as to idiom, &c. Oftentimes he makes remarks with respect to the In all these points of view he may be strongly commended to the connection and scope of discourse that are valuable and important. student, who still should not be ready to give implicit credit to every thing which is said. By long and patient labour he has attained to making a summary of much important knowledge in 52. A Pocket Expositor of the New Testament. By Thomas for January, 1833, vol. iii. p. 133.) But there are some points on his work." (Professor Stuart, in the Andover Biblical Repository KEYWORTH. London, 1834, 18mo. which the student cannot be too much upon his guard. Although now and then Kuinüel has successfully vindicated some important controverted passage from a neological interpretation; yet, in some cases, where there is apparently something of a miraculous nature

[ii.] Commentators on detached Books of the New Testament. which lies on the surface of the evangelical narration, he makes a


1. Novi Testamenti Libri Historici, Græci et Latini, perpetuo Commentario illustrati, a Baldvino WALEO. Lugd. Bat. 1653; et Amstel. 1662, 4to.

This may, with great propriety, be termed an edition of the four Gospels and Acts of the Apostles, cum notis variorum. The notes of Beza, Grotius, Drusius, Heinsius, and others, are here inserted in regular order, the reader being left to decide for himself, which interpretation he will prefer. As the book sells at an easy price, it may be advantageously substituted for the larger editions of those eminent critics, where they cannot be conveniently referred to, or procured.

2. A Paraphrase on the Four Evangelists. By Samuel CLARKE, D.D. London, 2 vols. 8vo.

To form a complete paraphrase on the New Testament, there are usually associated with this valuable work of Dr. Clarke, a "Paraphrase on the Acts and Epistles," 2 vols. 8vo. and a "Paraphrase on the Revelations," in one volume, 8vo. by T. Pyle, M.A. Their deserved popularity has caused them to pass through repeated editions. "Dr. Clarke's paraphrase on the Evangelists deserves an attentive reading; he narrates a story in handsome language, and connects the parts well together; but fails much in emphasis, and seems to mistake the order of the histories." (Dr. Doddridge.) Pyle's Paraphrase on the Epistles Dr. D. considered to be inferior in ability to that on the Old Testament already noticed.

3. Samuelis Friderici BUCHERI Antiquitates Biblicæ ex Novo Testamento selectæ, consuetudines, ritus, formulas veterum examinantes. Vitembergæ et Lipsiæ, 1729, 4to.

A collection of notes-some of which are sufficiently prolix-on the four Gospels, elucidating them principally from the rabbinical writers.

4. Explanatory Notes upon the Four Gospels in a new method, for the use of all, but especially the unlearned English reader; in two parts; to which are prefixed three Discourses. By Joseph TRAPP, D.D. London, 1748. Oxford, 1805, 8vo.

The design of this very useful work is to take notice only of difficult texts, to correct the authorized version, and explain the diction of the sacred writings, but chiefly to reconcile apparently contradictory passages. The three discourses prefixed explain with much perspicuity many prophecies of the Old Testament that are cited in the New. The numerous impressions which this work has undergone sufficiently attest the high estimation in which it is deservedly held.


4 K

shift, but with no great dexterity, to steer between the neologians and the orthodox, in order, as it would seem, to avoid giving offence to either. Professor Stuart (ibid. pp. 155-159.) has given several examples of these trimming interpretations, which we have not room to insert; and, with regard to the trinitarian controversy, he has shown that Kuinöel is what has been termed a high Arian. The Greek text is not inserted in the Leipzig edition of this commentary. Vol. i. contains the commentary on Saint Matthew's Gospel; vol. ii. those on the Gospels of Saint Mark and Saint Luke; vol. iii. that on Saint John; and vol. iv. that on the Acts of the Apostles. To each book are prefixed well-compiled prolegomena, in which the author's life, the authenticity of his narrative, the time, place, and the language in which he wrote, as well as his style and manner of writing, are fully discussed. The London reprint, from the press of Mr. Richard Watts, is preferable to the editions printed in Germany, not only for the beauty of the typography, but also for the reasonableness of its price. The various readings of Griesbach are subjoined to the textus receptus of the historical books of the New Testament.

8. The Harmony of the Four Gospels. By J. MACKNIGHT, D.D. 4to. 2 vols. 1756; 2d edit. 1763; 3d edit. 8vo. 2 vols Edinburgh, 1804.

See a notice of this excellent work in p. 16. No. 13. of this Appendix.

9. The Four Gospels translated from the Greek; with Preliminary Dissertations and Notes. By George CAMPBELL, D.D. F.R.S. Edinburgh; Principal of Marischal College, Aberdeen. 4to. 2 vols. London, 1790; 2 vols. 8vo. Edinburgh, 1807: 3d edit. London, in 3 vols. 8vo.

The extensive circulation of this valuable work, which has placed the author high in the rank of biblical critics, sufficiently attests the esteem in which it is held. Although his version has not altogether answered the expectations entertained of it, yet the notes which accompany it form an excellent philological commentary on the four Evangelists; and the dissertations are a treasure of sacred criticism. The narratives of the sacred writers are arranged in sections, regulated by the subject matter, and the divisions of chapters and verses are retained in the margin. Professor Campbell's work is in Bishop Tomline's list of books for students.

10. Annotations on the Four Gospels and the Acts of the Apostles. Compiled and abridged for the use of Students. 2d edit. London, 1812, 3 vols. 8vo.

Though published anonymously, this work is known to be the production of the Rev. Mr. ELSLEY, vicar of Burenston near Be dale; by whom the annotations on the Gospels only were first pub.

lished in 2 vols. 8vo. 1799. "Altogether, we say, without the small- Carpzov has indicated this Commentary as being an excellent est reserve, we never saw a book more admirably adapted for the one; we have never seen it. use of students, more creditable to an author's sagacity, diligence, and erudition, or more likely to make the investigation of the New Testament easy and agreeable." (British Critic, O. S. vol. xvi. p. 236. See also Monthly Review, N. S. vol. xxx. p. 441., and vol. lxxvi. p. 381.)

11. Quatuor Novi Testamenti, Evangelia recensuit et cum Commentariis perpetuis edidit Car. Freder. Augustus FRITSCHE. Tomus I. Evangelium Matthæi complectens. Lipsia, 1825, 8vo. Tom. II. Evangelia Marci et Lucæ. Lipsiæ, 1830, 8vo.

The grammatical meaning of words is admirably investigated in this work; but the theological interpretations are in the very worst style of the neologian school of Germany.


25. A Critical Essay on the Gospel of St. Luke, by Dr. Frederick SCHLEIERMACHER. With an Introduction by the Translator [the Rev. Connop Thirlwall, M.A.], containing an account of the Controversy respecting the Origin of the Three first Gospels since Bishop Marsh's Dissertation. London, 1825,


guished Greek scholars in Germany; of this work the reader will Dr. Schleiermacher is justly considered as one of the most distinfind a copious account, together with a refutation of Dr. S.'s hypothesis respecting the Gospel of St. Luke, in the British Critic and 12. Annotations on the Historical Books of the New Testa- Theological Review for October, 1827, pp. 342-398. The translament. By M. BLAND, D.D. Vols. I. and II. [comprising the tor's Introduction is an admirable disquisition for the variety of Gospels of St. Matthew and St. Mark.] Cambridge and Lon-important information which it condenses into a small compass. don, 1828-29, 8vo.

These annotations are designed for the use of students at the university, and of candidates for holy orders: and by them these volumes may be profitably consulted. Dr. Bland has drawn his materials from the stores of our best old English divines, and has occasionally illustrated and confirmed his interpretations of particular passages by apposite quotations from the fathers of the Christian church, and other ecclesiastical writers.

12*. An Exposition of the Gospels of St. Matthew and St. Mark, and of some other detached parts of Holy Scripture. By the Rev. Richard WATSON. London, 1833, royal 8vo.

The sole object of this learned and original work is the elucidation of the Scriptures; and by this means to lay the foundation, rather than suggest those practical and pious uses to which they must be applied, if they make us "wise unto salvation." The author has aimed to afford help to the attentive general reader, whenever he should come to a term, phrase, or a whole passage, the meaning of which is not obvious, and to exhibit the true theology of the sacred volume. The notes, therefore, are brief upon the plainer passages, and most copious where explication appeared necessary. No real difficulty has been evaded. The author had contemplated the writing of expository notes on the entire New Testament; but lived only to complete his commentary on the Gospels of St. Matthew and St. Mark, and on Luke i.-xiíi. 15. and Rom. i.-iii. 21.


13. Caroli Mariæ DE VEIL Explicatio Litteralis Evangelii secundum Matthæum et Marcum, ex ipsis Scripturarum fontibus, Ebræorum ritibus et idiomatis, veterum et recentiorum monumentis, eruta. Londini, 1678, 8vo.

14. Jacobi ELSNERI Commentarius in Evangelia Matthæi et Marci. Zwolle, 1767, et annis sequentibus. 3 vols. 4to.


15. A New Version of Saint Matthew's Gospel, with Select Notes; wherein the version is vindicated, and the sense and purity of several words and expressions in the Original Greek are settled and illustrated. By Daniel SCOTT, J.U.D. London, 1741, 4to.

16. Gottfridi OLEARII Observationes ad Evangelium Matthæi. Lipsia, 1743, 4to.

26. Sam. Frid. Nath. MORI Prælectiones in Luca Evangelium, edidit C. A. Donat. Lipsia, 1795, 8vo.

27. The Gospel of St. Luke, with English Notes. By the Rev. J. R. MAJOR, A.M. London, 1826, 8vo.

This work is avowedly designed for students, who may not have access to more bulky or more expensive publications. Mr. Major has availed himself of every accessible source for the elucidation of the evangelist; and has succeeded in comprising within the compass of a single volume that information, which the inexperienced student could not otherwise obtain without great research and expense. The notes have been compiled principally with a view to the divinity examinations in the university of Cambridge. The volume is beautifully printed.

28. Scholia in Lucæ Evangelium, ad supplendos reliquorum Interpretum Commentarios, scripsit Fridericus Augustus BORNEMANN. Accesserunt curæ secundæ ad Actorum cap. XIX. sqq. et de Glossematis Novi Testamenti cautè dijudicandis Dissertatio. Lipsiæ, 1830, 8vo.

These annotations on the Gospel of St. Luke are strictly philological, and illustrate numerous passages which preceding commentators had passed by. The dissertation on the Gospels, which some critics imagine to have crept into the text of the New Testament, is particularly valuable.

29. Adriani Leonardi Vander BOON MESCH Interpretatio Hymni Zachariæ, quam Lucas servavit, Evang. I. 67-79. Lugduni Batavorum, 1817, 4to.

30. Dissertatio Theologica inauguralis de Hymno Mariæ, quam..... publico examini submittit Nicolaus Henricus Tatum ZUBLI. Lugduni Batavorum, 1829, 8vo.

The first part of this dissertation contains a grammatical interpretation of the Hymn of Mary (Luke i. 46-55.); and the second part investigates its sources, poetical structure, and the doctrine which it teaches, viz., the acknowledgment and celebration of the providence of God, and the advent of the Messiah who was promised to the patriarchs.

31. De Procuratore, Parabolà Jesu Christi ex Re Provinciali Romanorum illustratâ, Commentatio Historico-Exegetica ad Luc. XVI. 1-9. Auctore C. G. L. GROSSMANN. Lipsiæ, 1824, 4to. 32. Chr. God. KLINCKHARDT, Super Parabolâ Jesu Christi de Homine Divite et Lazaro in Evangelio Lucæ, cap. XVI. 19-31.

Professor J. B. Carpzov mentions this as an excellent commenta- consignatâ, Commentatio. Lipsia, 1831, 4to. ry on St. Matthew's Gospel.

17. J. C. PORES Commentarius in Sanctum Jesu Christi Evangelium secundum Matthæum, etiam collatum cum evangelio Marci, Lucæ, et Joannis, in iis quæ habent communia, necnon in sanctum Jesu Christi Evangelium secundum Marcum, Lucam. et Joannem. Mechliniæ, 1823, 12mo.

18. Eccardi LEICHNERI de tempore Magorum, hoc est, quo Magi ex oriente recens natum Christum Bethlehemi adorârint, Commentatio Analytica. Arnsteti. 1655, 12mo.

19. Commentatio de Vi et Momento Infanticidii Herodiani in Historia Jesu Christi. Auctore T. L. DANZ. Jenæ, 1823, 4to. 20. H. P. T. VERHOEVEN Disputatio Theologica de Precatione Dominica. Lugduni Batavorum, 1829, 4to.

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33. Caroli Wilhelmi STRONCK Specimen Hermeneutico-Theologicum de Doctrina et Dictione Johannis Apostoli. Trajecti ad Rhenum, 1797.

34. Joannis CLARISSE, Pro Evangelii Joannei AYOENTEIA Dissertatio Critico-Theologica. Harderovici, 1806, 8vo.

35. Caroli Gottlieb BRETSCHNEIDER Probabilia de Evangelii et Epistolarum Joannis Apostoli Indole et Origine. Lipsia, 1820, 8vo.

36. Caroli Gulielmi STEIN, Authentia Evangelii Joannis contra Bretschneideri Objectiones defensa. Additur Specimen Novi Lexici Joannei. Brandenburgi, 1821, 8vo.

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This publication contains a satisfactory vindication of the genuineness of the writings of Saint John, against the objections of Dr. Bretschneider; who, in his Probabilia,' had asserted, contrary to all evidence, that the writings which bear that apostle's name were ning of the second century, who passed himself for the apostle!1

22. F. G. Nicolai SURINGAR Commentatio de Sensu Loci compiled after his decease by some Gentile Christian in the beginMatt, xxii. 37-40. Lugduni Batavorum, 1822, 4to.

23. De Consilio et Causis Proditionis Judæ Dissertatio. Auctore Josepho FERENCZY. Trajecti ad Rhenum, 1829, 8vo.


In the Jena Literary Gazette for January, 1827 (Supplt. No. 1.), it is stated that Dr. Bretschneider, in the preface to the 2d edition of his Handbuch der Dogmatik (Manual of Dogmatic Theology), declares, that in his biblical criticisms he has, without any hesitation, used as genuine sources

24. Georgii Friderici HEUPELII Commentarius in Evangelium the writings of St. John; because the doubts respecting the genuineness Marci. Argentorati (Strasburg), 1716, 8vo.

of those writings, which he some time since laid before the public, were regarded by him merely as suggestions which might give occasion to a


The six following publications were also occasioned by Dr. Bret- | quam ... publico examini submittit Nicolaus Jacobus schneider's Probabilia. AARLAND. Lugduni Batavorum, 1829, 8vo.

37. H. A. SCHOTT Programma, quo examinantur dubitationes quædam de authentia Evangelii Joannis nuperrime ex prioribus quatuor capitibus a Bretschneidero excitatæ. Jenæ, 1820, 4to. 38. Th. Ph. Ch. KAISER Commentationes III. de apologeticis Evangelii Joannei consiliis authentiam ejus commonstrantibus. Erlange, 1821-24-25, 4to.

39. A. F. G. M. GLASER Dissertatio Exegetico-Historica de Johanne apostolo, Evangelii, quod ejus nomen præ se fert, vero auctore, respectu recentiorum quarundam dubitationum atque criminationum. Helmstadii, 1823, 4to.

40. A. Th. CALMBERG, De antiquissimis Patrum pro Evangelii Joannei Aubería Testimoniis. Lipsiæ et Hamburgi, 1823, folio.

41. Michaëlis WEBERI Authentia Capitis Ultimi Evangelii Johannis, hujusque Evangelii totius, et Primæ Johannis Epistolæ, Argumentorum Internorum Usu vindicata. Halis, 1823, 8vo. 42. Leonardi USTERII Commentatio Critica, in qua Johannis Evangelium genuinam esse, ex comparatis IV. Evangeliorum de cœnâ ultimâ et de passione Jesu Christi narrationibus, ostenditur. Turici, 1823, 8vo.

43. De Authentiâ Capitis XXI. Evangelii Joannei, e sola orationis indole judicanda. Scripsit J. C. L. HANDSCKE. Lipsiæ, 1818, 8vo.

44. An Exposition of the Gospel of Jesus Christ according to John. By George HUTCHESON, Minister of the Gospel at Edinburgh. London, 1657, folio.

A book not of common occurrence: it contains many valuable


45. Commentarius Analytico-Exegeticus, tam literalis quam realis, Evangelii secundum Johannem. Authore Fred. Adol. LAMPE. Amstelædami, 1724-1726, 3 vols. 4to.

This is unquestionably the most valuable work on Saint John's Gospel that was ever published; every thing which the learned author could possibly collect, in order to illustrate the evangelist, being here concentrated. It is, however, a work better adapted to the mature scholar than to the student in divinity, who may not always be able to select with judgment from these ample tomes. Lampe also composed two quarto volumes of Dissertationes Philologico-Theologica, on Saint John's Gospel, which were published in 1737, by Dr. Gerdes. They are replete with solid erudition.

45*. Paraphrasis Evangelii Johannis, cum Notis et Cantabrigiensis Codicis Latino Textu, a Joanne Salomone SEMLERO. Halæ, 1771, 8vo.

Semler was one of the most celebrated biblical critics of Germany, during the last century: his writings, which illustrate with great ability many philological difficulties, bear a high price; but he espoused such rational dogmas, in certain points of doctrine, which are of fundamental importance, that the student cannot be too much on his guard against them.

46. Sam. Frid. Nathan. Moni Recitationes in Evangelium Joannis; animadversiones subjecit Tho. Imm. Dindorf. Praga, 1795, 8vo. Lipsiæ, 1808, 8vo.

47. Notes, Critical and Dissertatory, on the Gospel and Epistles of Saint John. By the Rev. R. SHEPHERD, D.D. F.R.S. London, 1796, 4to.

Though bearing the date of 1796, this volume was not published until the year 1801. See an analysis of it in the Monthly Review, N. S. vol. xxxviii. pp. 145-150.

48. Caroli TITTMANNI Meletemata Sacra, sive Commentarius Exegetico-Critico-Dogmaticus in Evangelium Joannis. Lipsia,

1816, 8vo.

The author of this work was superintendent of the Diocese of Dresden. Without vouching for every opinion Dr. Tittmann has offered, we have no hesitation in saying that his work is, upon the whole, the most valuable commentary on Saint John's Gospel extant in the compass of a single 8vo. volume; and though it does not render Lampe's expensive work unnecessary, it may be advantageously substituted for this, where the student cannot obtain access to it.

49. Symbolæ ad Interpretationem Evangelii Johannis ex Marmoribus et Numis, maxime Græcis. Auctore Fr. MUNTER. Hauniæ, 1826, 4to.

50. Disputatio Theologica inauguralis de Pretio, statuendo Precationi Jesu, quæ continetur Cap. XVII. Evangelio Johannis, more minute and fundamental investigation of the proofs of such genuineness, which proofs at that time had appeared to him to be still incomplete; and also because he trusted that this inquiry would be fully accomplished by the publications respecting it that have already appeared, as well as by those which were announced as preparing for publication.

An academical dissertation for a doctor's degree in Theology, in the university of Leyden. After treating on the author of the sublime prayer, contained in the seventeenth Chapter of St. John's cludes with a practical view of the example which it affords to Gospel, Dr. Aarland proceeds to give an exposition of it, and conChristians, with regard to the things for which they ought to pray, as well as the words and temper with which they ought to offer their supplications.


51. Dissertatio de Luca Toría in conscribendo Actuum Apostolorum Libro. Scripsit Adrianus Cornelius de MEIJIER. Hage Comitum, 1827, 8vo.

52. An Attempt to ascertain the Chronology of the Acts of the Apostles and of St. Paul's Epistles. By the Rev. Edward BURTON, D.D. London, 1830, 8vo.

53. The Apostolical History of Mr. Cradock, Dr. Benson's History of the first planting of Christianity, and Mr. Bevan's Life of Paul, all of which have been mentioned in p. 62. of this Appendix, deserve to be noticed in this place, among those writers who have materially illustrated the Acts of the Apostles.

54. Casparis STRESONIS Commentarius Practicus in Actorum Apostolorum, per Lucam Evangelistam descriptorum, capita priora sedecim. Amstelodami, 1658, 4to. Ejusdem, Commentarius in capita duodecim posteriora. Amstelodami, 1659, 4to. Hafniæ, 1717, 4to.

This work originated in the author's sermons (in Dutch) on the

Acts of the Apostles: they were afterwards translated into Latin, and so arranged as to form a commentary on the Acts of the Apostles. Streso's work is commended by Walchius for its learning and piety.

55. Caroli Mariæ DE VEIL Acta Sanctorum Apostolorum ad litteram explicata. Londini, 1684, 8vo.

This is one of the scarcest of Dr. de Veil's expository publications: it was translated into English, and entitled A Literal Explanation of the Acts of the Holy Apostles. Written in Latine, by C. M. du Veil, D.D., now translated into English out of a copy carefully reviewed and corrected by the Author. To which is added a learned Dissertation about Baptism for the Dead. 1 Cor. xv. 29. Written in Latine, by the famous Fredericus Spanhemius, Filius, London, 1685, 8vo.

56. Joannis PEARSONII S.T.P. Cestriensis nuper Episcopi Lectiones in Acta Apostolorum. Londini, 1688, 4to.

These lectures, are prefixed to Bishop Pearson's Opera Chronologica edited by Mr. Dodwell, Londini, 1688, 4to. They extend from the first to the ninth chapter of the Acts of the Apostles; and (as may be expected), contain many valuable critical and chronological observations for the elucidation of St. Luke's narrative.

57. The History of the Acts of the Holy Apostles confirmed from other authors, and considered as full evidence of the Truth of Christianity. By Richard BiscoE, D.D. London, 1742, 2 vols. 8vo. Oxford, 1829, in one volume, 8vo.

This learned and elaborate work contains the substance of Dr.

Biscoe's sermons preached at Mr. Boyle's lecture between the years 1736 and 1738. Dr. Doddridge frequently refers to it as a work of great utility, and as showing, in the most convincing manner, how incontestably the Acts of the Apostles demonstrate the truth of Christianity. The Oxford reprint is beautifully executed.


58. Acta Apostolorum Græce, perpetuâ annotatione illlustrata a Car. Hen. HEINRICHS. Gottinge, 1809, 2 parts or vols. 8vo. This forms a part of Koppe's edition of the New Testament, with notes, mentioned in pp. 127, 128. of this Appendix. Some of the expositions in this work are characterized by that lax system of interpretation which is adopted by some modern expositors and critics in Germany, and against which the student cannot be too much upon his guard.

59. Actions of the Apostles, translated from the original Greek, by the Rev. John WILLIS, B.D. London, 1789, 8vo.

This work "is divided into several sections, to which are added

notes, styled Proofs and Illustrations. Some of the author's alterations, we think, are real improvements; others, the contrary; Some are very fanciful; and there are others for which we cannot at all account." (Monthly Review, N. S. vol. iii. p. 154.)

60. Sam. Frid. Nathan. MORI Versio et Explicatio Actuum Apostolicorum. Edidit, animadversiones recentiorum suasque adjecit, Gottlob Immanuel Dindorf. Lipsiæ, 1794, 2 vols. 8vo.

riorum Notis tum Dictionem tum Materiam illustrantibus suas 61. ΠΡΑΞΕΙΣ ΤΩΝ ΑΠΟΣΤΟΛΩΝ. Acta Apostolorum. Vaadjecit Hastings ROBINSON, M.A. Cantabrigiæ, 1824, 8vo.

This beautifully executed edition of the Acts of the Apostles | 69. Explication des Epîtres de Saint Paul. contains the text of Griesbach, from which the editor has very de PICQUIGNY. Paris, 1706, 3 tomes, 12mo. rarely deviated; and beneath it are placed critical and philological 8vo. Troyes, 1826, 4 tomes, 12mo. Scholia. "This edition is well calculated to illustrate the peculiar expressions and grammatical construction of the Acts of the Apostles, and the author" [editor] "has judiciously added to his own remarks those of the best critics and theologians. Within a small compass much is contained.... We should imagine it well adapted to the purposes of college-lectures and of public schools, as intended by the writer;-and it is a book which the more advanced critic may add with advantage to his library." (Universal Review, vol. ii. p. 173.)

62. D. Paulus Apostolus in Mari, quod nunc Venetus Sinus dicitur, Naufragus, et Melita Dalmatensis Insulæ post naufragium Hospes; sive de Genuino Significatu duorum Locorum in Actibus Apostolicis, cap. XXVII. 27. cap. XXVIII. 1. In spectiones Anticritica. Auctore Ignatio GEORGIO. Venetiis,

1730, 4to.

The author of this learned treatise supports the notion, which was afterwards maintained by Mr. Bryant, that the island on which St. Paul was wrecked was not Malia, but Melita in the Adriatic Sea, on the coast of Dalmatia.

63. M. C. G. KUCHLER de anno, quo Paulus Apostolus ad Sacra Christiana conversus est, Commentatio. Lipsia, 1828, 8vo. 64. Arnoldi Gulielmi HASELAAR Dissertatio Exegetica de nonnullis Actuum Apostolorum et Epistolarum Paulinarum ad historiam Pauli pertinentibus locis. Lugduni Batavorum, 1806,


65. Specimen Academicum Inaugurale de Oratione Pauli Apostoli Athenis habita, quod..... publico examini submittit Janus Adolphus ANSPACH. Lugduni Batavorum, 1829, 4to. **Many valuable philological and historical illustrations of the Acts of the Apostles are likewise to be found in Johannis Ernesti Immanuelis Walchii Dissertationes in Acta Apostolorum. Jena, 1756-59, 3 vols. 4to.

Par Bernardin 1714, 4 tomes,

This is an abridgment of a larger work, by the same author, intituled Epistolarum Pauli Apostoli Triplex Expositio. Parisiis, 1703, folio. The exposition consists of three parts, viz. 1. An analy sis, exhibiting the order and connection of the text; 2. A paraphrase, expressing in few words the sentiment of the apostle; and, 3. A commentary, with notes on obscure or difficult passages. (Walchii Bibliotheca Theologica, vol. iv. p. 678.) To each epistle is prefixed a prefatory account of its occasion, scope, and argument; and each reprint at Troyes, in 1826, is very neatly executed. chapter concludes with devotional and practical inferences. The

70. A New Literal Translation, from the Original Greek, of all the Apostolical Epistles; with a Commentary and Notes, philological, critical, explanatory, and practical. To which is added, a History of the Life of the Apostle Paul. By James MACKNIGHT, D.D. Edinburgh, 1795, 4to. 4 vols. London, 1806, 8vo. with the Greek Text, 6 vols. 2d edition, with the Life of the Author. Without the Greek Text, in 3 vols. 4to. and 4 vols. 8vo.

This work, together with the harmony noticed in p. 60. of this Appendix, is in Bishop Tomline's list of books for clergymen. A specimen of it, containing the Epistles to the Thessalonians, was Dr. M.'s Life (vol. i. 8vo. p. xv.), was the unremitting labour of published in 4to. in 1787; and the work itself, we are informed in nearly thirty years, during which period seldom less than eleven hours a day were employed on it." We apprehend that few persons who shall peruse this work with competent judgment and due respect for the sacred writings, will hesitate to acknowledge that Dr. M. is also entitled to approbation and applause, as a faithful translator, a learned and able commentator, and a pious divine." (Monthly Review, N. S. vol. xviii. p. 411.) "It is a work of theological labour not often paralleled, and an ample storehouse of observations to exercise not only the student, but the adept of divinity. If we do not always implicitly coincide with the author in opinion (which, in such various matter, cannot reasonably be piety; qualities which confer no trifling rank on any scriptural interpreter or commentator." (British Critic, O. S. vol. vii. Preface p. ii.)

COMMENTATORS ON THE WHOLE OR GREATER PART OF THE expected), we can always praise his diligence, his learning, and his


66. Joachimi LANGII Commentatio Historico-Hermeneutica de Vita et Epistolis apostoli Pauli, ita adornata, ut isagogen generalem et specialem historico-exegeticam præbeat in Acta Apostolorum et Pauli Epistolas, necnon in ipsam Hermeneuticam Sacram. Hala, 1718, 4to.

A most valuable work, which is not of common occurrence; both Walchius and Michaelis concur in stating that it throws great light on St. Paul's Epistles, of which it presents very copious analyses. The Appendix contains similar analyses of the epistles of Peter, James, and Jude; and also numerous aphorisms on the Interpretation of Scripture, and particularly of the phraseology of St. Paul's Epistles. The latter were corrected, enlarged, and reprinted at Halle, in 1733, in a separate volume, the title of which is given at length in p. 98. No. 24. supra.

67. Jo. Francisci BUDDEI Ecclesia Apostolica, sive de Statu Ecclesiæ Christianæ sub Apostolis Commentatio Historico-Dogmatica; quæ et introductionis loco in Epistolas Pauli cæterorumque apostolorum esse queat. 8vo. Jenæ, 1729.

Buddeus has briefly treated on the state of the Christian Church during the apostolic age, with great judgment, and has referred to a great variety of useful writers.

71. A Paraphrase and Annotations upon all St. Paul's Epistles. Done by several eminent men at Oxford. Corrected and improved by the late Right Rev. and learned Dr. FELL, Bishop of Oxford. London, 1703, 3d edition, 8vo.

"Fell on the Epistles is very short; but most of his notes are worthy of remark. The collection of parallel Scriptures is judicious, and the translation in some places altered for the better." (Dr. Doddridge.)

72. A Paraphrase and Notes on the Epistles of Saint Paul to the Galatians, 1 and 2 Corinthians, Romans, Ephesians. To which is prefixed, An Essay for the understanding of Saint Paul's Epistles, by consulting St. Paul himself. By John LoCKE. London, 1783, 4to. (Works, vol. iii.): also various editions in 4to. and 8vo.

73. A Paraphrase and Notes on the Epistles of Saint Paul to the Colossians, Philippians, and Hebrews, after the manner of Mr. Locke. To which are annexed, several Critical Dissertations on Particular Parts of Scripture, &c. &c. By the late reverend and learned Mr. James PIERCE, of Exon. London,

68. Gulielmi ESTII in omnes Pauli et aliorum Apostolorum 1773, second edition, 4to. Epistolas Commentarius. Paris, 1679, folio.

The best edition of a most valuable work, which Romanists and Protestants alike concur to recommend as an excellent critical help to the exposition of the apostolic Epistles. The Prefaces of Estius are particularly valuable. A very useful abridgment of this work, as well as of the Commentary of Cornelius à Lapide, so far as concerns St. Paul's Epistles, was published by John Van Gorcum, at Antwerp, in 1620, 8vo. The best edition is that of Louvain, entitled-Epitome commentariorum Gulielmi Estü S. Th. Doctoris, et Corn. à Lapide, e Soc. Jesu Theologi, in omnes D. Pauli Epistolas, per Johannem à GORCUM, Presbyterum, collecta. Editio nova, D. Pauli textu et G. Estii Præfectionibus aucta. Lovanii, 1754, 8vo.

1 Though not a commentary, in the strict sense of the term, the author cannot pass in silence BISHOP BURGESS's Initia Paulina, sive Introauctio ad Lectionem Pauli Epistolarum. Londini, 1804, 12mo. This little volume contains, 1. Pauli Epistolam ad Philippenses Græce et Anglice, cum brevibus notis Kuttneri; 2. Theophylacti Procemia Epistolarum; 3. Ejusdem Interpretationem Epistolæ ad Philippenses; 4. Rosenmülleri Scholia ad eandem. Quibus præeunt Kuttneri Observata de Idiomatibus Novi Testamenti. Though not specified in the title-page, there are added two valuable extracts from Henry Stephens's and our learned countryman Gataker's Dissertationes de Stylo Novi Testamenti; "thus collecting some of the most valuable illustrations of the style of St. Paul's Epistles that can

be offered to the attention of the student." (British Critic, O. S. vol. XXV. p. 413.) This valuable work is at present out of print, and extremely scarce and dear.

74. A Paraphrase and Notes on the Epistles of Saint Paul to the Thessalonians, Timothy, Philemon, and Titus; and the Seven Catholic Epistles by James, Peter, Jude, and John, &c. &c. By George BENSON, D.D. London, 1752, 1756, best editions, 2 vols. 4to.

"Locke, Pierce, and Benson make up a complete commentary on the Epistles; and are indeed all in the number of the most ingenious commentators I have ever read. They plainly thought very closely, and attended much to connection, which they have often set in a most clear view. But they all err in too great a fondness for new interpretations, and in supposing the design of the apostles less general than it seems to have been. It must be allowed that Benson illustrates the spirit of Paul sometimes in an admirable manner, even beyond any former writer. See especially his Epistle to Philemon." (Dr. Doddridge.)

75. A Practical Paraphrase on the Epistles of Saint Paul to the Romans, Galatians, and the Epistle to the Hebrews, after the manner of Dr. Clarke's Paraphrase on the Four Evangelists. London, 1744, 8vo.

76. The Epistles of Paul the Apostle translated, with an Exposition and Notes. By the Rev. Thomas BELSHAM. London, 1822, 2 vols. 4to. also in 4 vols. 8vo.

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