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4. Heart of stone.-A hard, stubborn, and unbelieving heart.--Ezek. | Tree of Life.-Immortality.- Rev. ii. 7. To him that overcometh, will
I give to eat of the tree of life. See a description of it in Rev. xxii.
unto the wood, " Awake!" and to the dumb stone, “ Arise !” and it Sermon iii. on the Tree of Life.
. iii. 10.
Every tree which bringeth not forth good fruit, is hewn down, and
2. A great tree.-A king or monarch. See Dan. iv. 20—23.
3. The nobles of a kingdom.—Isa. x. 18, 19. It shall consume the
glory of his forest, and of his fruitful field both soul and body....
Oaks.] As trees denote great men and princes, so boughs, branches,
offspring. Thus, in Isa. xi. 1., Jesus Christ,
heaven by his death, when the veil of the temple was rent.-Matt-
The veil of the temple was rent in twain. Heb. x. 20.
By a new and living way, which he has consecrated for us through the
veil, that is to say, his flesh.
Egypt. See also verse 14. Jer. ii. 21. Ezek. xix. 10. Hos. x. 1,
VINEYARD.--The church of Israel.--Isa. v. 1–7. The vineyard of
the LORD of Hosts is the house of Israel.
VIPER.-One who injures his benefactors. Matt. iii. 7. xii. 34.0
This symbol occurs so re-
generation of vipers, that is descendants of an ungrateful race.
1. Voice of the bridegroom. The festivity of a wedding, and the ex-
pressions of joy which are uttered on such occasions.-Jer. vii. 34.
Then will I cause to cease from the cities of Judah, and from the
pression also occurs in Jer. xvi 9. xxv. 10. xxxiii. 11. and John iii.
earthly house of [this] tabernacle were dissolved.—2 Pet. i. 13, 14. 1 2. Speaking with a faint voice, denotes the being in a weak and low
condition.—Isa. xxix. 4. Thou shalt be brought down, and shall speak
out of the ground; and thy speech shall be low out of the dust.
3. Voice of the Lord. See THUNDER.
14. There is a generation whose teeth are as swords ; and their jaw-
WALL.-Stability and safety.--Zech. ii. 5. I will be unto her a wall
of fire round about ; that is, I will defend her from all enemies with
out, by my angels, as so many flames of fire surrounding her.
which fell among thorns, are they, which, when they have heard the WANDERING Stars. See STARS.
Wash me throughly from mine iniquity, and cleanse me from my
Ezek. ii. 6. Son of man, be not afraid of them ..., though briers and WATER.
1. The purifying grace of the Holy Spirit.—John iii. 5. Except a man
be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom
will I be greater than thou. In 2 Sam. iii. 10. kingdom and throne are 1. Troubles and afflictions.—Psal. lxix. 1. Save me, O God : for the
Rey. xvii. 15.
is upon the waters ; the God of glory thundereth. In Rev. x. 4. the thirstelh, come ye to the waters.
the seas, the noise of their waves. See also Psal. lxxxix. 9. and xciii
sel or by strength, in peace or in war.—Isa. ii. 12. 15. The day of WEEK.-Seven years.-Dan. ix. 24. Seventy weeks are determined
WHEAT.-Good seed, the children of the kingdom. Matt. xiii. 38.
Jer. xxii. 6. Surely I will make thee a wilderness [and] cities (which]
the beginnings of sorrows, literally, the pains of a woman in travail. 2. This world, through which all real Christians pass, and undergo all
the trials of the Hebrews in their way to the heavenly Canaan.-1
jection.—Psal. Ix. 12. Through God we shall do valiantly; for it is things were our examples.--Isa. xli. 18. I will make the wilderness
virtuous, is honoured with the high appellation of the espoused of
bylon .... a destroying wind.—Jer. iv. 11, 12. A dry wind of the high she is styled the harlot, the adulteress. See ADULTERESS.
will I bring the four winds, from the four quarters of heaven. See and, in the earliest ages, no writings were made but upon pillars or
monuments, merely to notify things.— Jer. xxii. 30. Write this man
childless; that is, publish it, and let all men know that he shall
quently is), denotes all kinds of temporal good things.-Hos. ii. 8. 1 Chron. iii. 17, 18. and Matt. i. 12., that Jeconiah (of whom the
I gave her corn, and wine, and oil. See Joel ii. 19. Psal. iv. 7. prophet is speaking) had children; but being born probably after
the Scriptures by the salutary effects of wine : so, from the noxious none of them ever succeeded to the royal authority. See 2 Kings
has delivered us.
4. The doctrines and precepts of Jesus Christ, and the temper, dispo-
sitions, and duties which flow from them.-Matt. xi. 29, 30. Take
heart, and ye shall find rest unto your souls. For my yoke is easy, and
xl. 31. They shall mount up with wings as eagles ; that is, they shall more beautiful than devout. “How easy and sweet is it, to serve
Christ even in bearing his cross ! How hard and painful is the slavery
Luke x. 3. I send you forth as lambs among wolves.- John X. 12. false pleasures! That satisfaction, peace, and comfort, which grace
seeth the wolf coming, and leaveth the sheep, gives here below, and that which hope encourages us to expect in
heaven, make a Christian full amends for all his pains in subduing
his passions, and in opposing the world .... A yoke, which Christ
daughter of Tyre in Psal. xlv. 12., of Babylon in Psal. cxxxvii. 8., bears in us by His Spirit,-can that be heavy? Come, then, taste
MATTERS IN VOLUMES I. AND II.
ABBREVIATIONS in manuscripts, account of, I. 221.
2. Apocryphal Books of the New Testament, I. 437. Enumeration
His posterity, in what sense as numerous as the stars of heaven were never considered as inspired or canonical, 437, 438. In-
TERNAL EVIDENCE, 438–442. These apocryphal books are so
New Testament, that the latter are confirmed by them, 47,
Apostles and evangelists, credibility of. See Credibility and Inspi.
ration. On the descent of the Holy Spirit upon them, I. 447, 448.
ineness and authenticity, ibid. Scope, ibid. Chronology, 319. Testament, I. 44, 45. In what manner they quoted the Scrip-
Arabic versions of the Old and New Testament, I. 274, 275. Of the
Aramean Language, and its dialects, I. 199.
Aramæisms of the New Testament, I. 198.
revelation, a proof of its supe. Aretas, a king of Arabia Petræa, why at war with Herod the Great,
Aristeas's fabulous account of the Septuagint version exposed, I.
Ark of Noah, dimensions of, I. 75.
rative iexts, I. 395.
Arts, the late invention and progress of, a confirmation of the cre-
Asaph, Psalms ascribed to, II. 239.
Ascension of Jesus Christ, circumstances of, considered, I. 446.
Asher (Rabbi Aaron Ben), Codex of, I. 203.
Atheists, principles of, contrasted with those of the Gospel, I. 176,
177. Effects of, in republican France, 25, 26.
phecy, 260. Its scope, ibid. Synopsis of its contents, ibid. Ob- Athens, miserable condition of the women at, I. 19. note 7. Origin
of the altar erected at, to “The unknown God," 90. St. Luke's
and St. Paul's account of the Athenians confirmed by Demos-
analogy for interpreting Scripture, 341. Of kindred languages, admirable address to them., II. 326, 327.
Authenticity defined, I. 28. Of the Old and New Testaments proved,
Matt. i. and ii. and Luke i. and ii., II. 299-302. 309. ^ Of Luke
Author, put for his book or writings, I. 359. Importance of know-
Writings, 1. 350. Cautions in applying them, 350, 351.
types, 386, 387.
Balaam's ass speaking, remarks on, I. 421.
Baptism, observance of, a proof of the credibility of the New Tes-
tament, I. 67.
Bath-Kol, notice of, II. 256.
Bel and the Dragon, apocryphal history of, II. 292.
contrary to reason, 158_160. Its doctrine of a future judgment
craft, 161, 162. Or prohibit free inquiry, but on the contrary in-
vites it, 162. Its morality not too strict, 162, 163. Nor any of its
tions for studying it advantageously, 186, 187. In what order it not produce a timid spirit, 164. Nor overlook the generous sen-
cal philosophy, 175—177. A further proof that it is from God, is
the capacities of all men, 178. The spirituality of its worship,
ibid. Its opposition to the spirit of the world, 179. Its humilia-
and morals, I. 24, 25. His hypocrisy exposed, 26. His involun- to the world, ibid. Its tendency to eradicate all evil passions
from the heart, ibid. Its contrariety to the covetousness and am-
ibid. Its mighty effects, ibid. Examination of the difficulties
attendant on the propagation of Christianity, 448–450.
tested by their heathen adversaries, 83—85. 170. The crimes of
date, ibid. Scope and analysis of these books, 223. Observations
on these books, 224. Account of the Targums or Chaldee para
Chronology, alleged contradictions in, considered, and shown to be
unfounded, I. 404, 405. Importance of, to biblical students, 349.
Chubb (Mr.), absurd and contradictory tenets of, concerning religion,
New Testament, 39. General divisions of the canonical books divine mission of Jesus Christ, 68.; and to his character, 155.
Churches (Christian), state of, necessary to be known in studying
Cilicisms of the New Testament, I. 199.
Circumstantiality of the Old Testament narratives a proof of their
authenticity, I. 31, 32.; as also of the Pentateuch, 35, 36.; and
Classification of the books of the New Testament, II. 293, 294.
Clement of Alexandria, testimony of, to the genuineness of the New
the genuineness and authenticity of the New Testament, I. 46. Clement of Rome, testimony of, to the genuineness of the New
Cognate, or kindred languages, what so termed, I. 199. Account
of them, ibid. The use of the cognate languages for illustrating
the Scriptures elucidated, 199. 341, 342.
Coincidence of the Old and New Testament narratives with the
Coins (ancient), collateral testimony of, to the credibility of the
New Testament, I. 88–91. Importance of, as an hermeneutical
His hypocrisy, 26.
sup- Colossians, Saint Paul's Epistle to, II. 340. Account of the church
gory, I. 365.
inspiration, II. 256.
Testament, I. 67. And that the Gospel is from God, 130–132. Coptic version of the Old and New Testament, I. 272.
Corinthians (Saint Paul's Second Epistle_to), II. 335. Date and Doctrines delivered by Moses, and by the prophets, I. 143–148.
where written, 336. Occasion of this Epistle, ibid. Its scope, Summary of the doctrines of the Gospel, 149. ; particularly the
of the Scriptures, 393-395.
Wisful corruption, how far a cause of various readings, 285. Dramatic Poems of the Hebrews, I. 381.
Dreams, prophetic, II. 255.
Duelling nol sanctioned by the Gospel, I. 171. note.
philosophers. I. 17. Mosaic narrative of, confirmed by profane
EBER's (Paul) revision of the Latin Vulgate, notice of, 1. 277.
writers of them had a perfect knowledge of the subjects which New Testament, I. 46.
thority, ibid. Its scope and synopsis, 247, 248. Observations on
this book, 249.
borrowing from the Egyptians by the Israelites explained, 409.
phasis of the Greek article, 327, 328. Emphases of other words,
328. Emphatic adverbs, ibid. Real emphases, ibid. Rules for
Enoch, translation of, confirmed by heathen traditions, I. 71. Re-
Apostle Jude, 318. II. 377.
Enthusiasm, characteristics of, I. 63." Proof that Moses was not an
Saint Paul, II. 322, 323.
Ephesus, temple of Diana at, I. 90. That city, why termed XEO.
KOPOE, 90, 91. Account of the church at, II. 338. Genuineness
ibid. Observations on its style, ibid.
Epistles of the apostles, importance of, II. 329, 330. Their number
to the four great monarchies, I. 129. Analysis of his prophecies, epistles, ibid. General plan of the apostolic epistles, ibid. Causes
apostolic epistles most beneficially, I. 393–395. Subscriptions
altached to them, 215. See Catholic Epistles.
Esther (book of), II. 225. Its title and author, 225, 226. Argument,
266. Synopsis of its contents, ibid. Account of the Targums or
indebted to the Scriptures for all that they have written, which to the book of Esther, II. 290.
the four Gospels, 319, 320.; and of his recension of the Septuagint
Euthalius, Sections of, l. 214.
ed by indubitable testimonies from natural and civil history, I. the facts recorded by them, 1. 62, 63. Were not enthusiasts nor
others, 63, 64. Were men of the strictest integrity and sincerity,
of apparent contradictions in historical passages, I. 400—402. spiration of the evangelists.-See Credibility, Inspiration.
Evidence. See Historical Testimony.
Exodus (book of), Title, II. 206. Author and date, ibid. Occasion
and subject matter, ibid. Scope, ibid. Types of the Messiah,
ibid. Synopsis, ibid. Illustration of Exodus, ch. vii.-xi. 206, 207.
Expositors. See Commentators.
Ezekiel (the prophet), account of, II. 283. Canonical authority of
286. Observations on the style of Ezekiel, 286. Supposed dif-
1. 142. Doctrines of the patriarchal age, 142, 143. II. 236, 237. a spurious passage ascribed to Ezra, 225.