4. Heart of stone.-A hard, stubborn, and unbelieving heart.--Ezek. | Tree of Life.-Immortality.- Rev. ii. 7. To him that overcometh, will
xxxii. 26. I will take away the stony heart.

I give to eat of the tree of life. See a description of it in Rev. xxii.
5. Stone.-An idol of stone. Habak. ii. 19. Woe unto him that saith 2-14., and an excellent sermon of Bishop Horne's Works, vol. iv.

unto the wood, " Awake!" and to the dumb stone, “ Arise !” and it Sermon iii. on the Tree of Life.
shall teach.

6. White slone.--A full pardon and acquittal.-Rev. ii. 17. I will give 1. Men in general, fruitful and unfruitful.-Psal. i. 3. He (the good
him a white stone. See an explanation of the custom alluded to, in man) shall be like a tree, planted by rivers of water.—Matt

. iii. 10.
Vol. II. p. 56.

Every tree which bringeth not forth good fruit, is hewn down, and
7. Precious stones (1 Cor. iii. 12.), the doctrines of the Christian re- cast into the fire.
ligion, or the mode of teaching them.

2. A great tree.-A king or monarch. See Dan. iv. 20—23.

3. The nobles of a kingdom.—Isa. x. 18, 19. It shall consume the
1. The Lord God.-Psa!. Ixxxiv. 11. The Lord God is a Sun.

glory of his forest, and of his fruitful field both soul and body....
2. Sun of Righteousness.—Jesus Christ.-Mal. iv. 2. The SUN And the rest of the trees of his forest shall be feu, (See CEDARS,
RIGHTEOUSNESS shall arise with healing in his wings.

Oaks.] As trees denote great men and princes, so boughs, branches,
Among the various hieroglyphics discovered by Dr. Richardson in the or sprouts, denote their

offspring. Thus, in Isa. xi. 1., Jesus Christ,
ruins of the ancient temple of Tentyra or Dendera, in Upper Egypt, in respect of his human nature, is styled a rod of the stem of Jesse,
is one which may illustrate this expression of the prophet.--" Im- and a branch out of his roots; that is, a prince arising from the
mediately over the centre of the door-way," says he is the beau- family of David.
tiful Egyptian ornament, usually called the globe, with serpent and
wings, emblematic of the glorious sun, poised in the airy firmament
of heaven, supported and directed in his course by the eternal
wisdom of the Deity. The sublime phraseology of Scripture, The Veil of the Temple.—The body of Christ opening the kingdom of
Sun of Righteousness shall arise with healing in his wings, could not
be more accurately or more emphatically represented to the human

heaven by his death, when the veil of the temple was rent.-Matt-

xxvii. 51.
eye, than hy this elegant device.” (Dr. Richardson's Travels along

The veil of the temple was rent in twain. Heb. x. 20.
the Mediterranean, &c. vol. i. p. 187.]

By a new and living way, which he has consecrated for us through the
3. Sun and moon.--The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon VINE.

veil, that is to say, his flesh.
into blood. (Joel. ii. 31. Acts ii. 20.) A figurative representation. The Jewish Church.—Psal. lxxx. 8. Thou broughtest a vine out of
of a total eclipse, in which the sun is entirely darkened, and the
moon assumes a bloody hue: it signifies the fall of the civil and ec-2. Christ the head of the church.-John xv. 1. I am the true vine.

Egypt. See also verse 14. Jer. ii. 21. Ezek. xix. 10. Hos. x. 1,
clesiastical state in Judæa.
SWINE--Wicked and unclean people.—Matt. vii. 6. Neither cast ye

VINEYARD.--The church of Israel.--Isa. v. 1–7. The vineyard of
your pearls before swine.

the LORD of Hosts is the house of Israel.

VIPER.-One who injures his benefactors. Matt. iii. 7. xii. 34.0
1. Death and destruction. See Ezek. xxi.-

This symbol occurs so re-

generation of vipers, that is descendants of an ungrateful race.
peatedly in the Scriptures, and is, besides, so well known, as to VOICE.
render more examples unnecessary.

1. Voice of the bridegroom. The festivity of a wedding, and the ex-
2. Sword of the Spirit.—The word of God. Eph. vi. 17. Heb. iv. 12.

pressions of joy which are uttered on such occasions.-Jer. vii. 34.
Rev. i. 16.

Then will I cause to cease from the cities of Judah, and from the
streets of Jerusalem, the voice of mirth, and the voice of gladness, the
voice of the bridegroom, and the voice of the bride. The same ex-

pression also occurs in Jer. xvi 9. xxv. 10. xxxiii. 11. and John iii.
TABERNACLE.—The body of man.—2 Cor. v. 1. We know that if our

earthly house of [this] tabernacle were dissolved.—2 Pet. i. 13, 14. 1 2. Speaking with a faint voice, denotes the being in a weak and low
must shortly put off this tabernacle.

condition.—Isa. xxix. 4. Thou shalt be brought down, and shall speak

out of the ground; and thy speech shall be low out of the dust.
Tares.—The children of the wicked one.—Matt. xiii. 38.

3. Voice of the Lord. See THUNDER.
TARSHISH. See Ships.
TEETH.—The symbols of cruelty or of a devouring enemy.—Prov. xxx.

14. There is a generation whose teeth are as swords ; and their jaw-
teeth as knives to devour the poor from off the earth, and the needy Walking among, or in the midst.—Watchfulness and protection.-
from among men. See also Deut. xxxii. 24. Psal lvi. 6. lviii. 6. Lev. xxvi. 12. I will walk among you, and will be your God.

WALL.-Stability and safety.--Zech. ii. 5. I will be unto her a wall

of fire round about ; that is, I will defend her from all enemies with

out, by my angels, as so many flames of fire surrounding her.
1. The cares, riches, and pleasures of life.—Luke vii. 14. That WAND. See Rod.

which fell among thorns, are they, which, when they have heard the WANDERING Stars. See STARS.
word, go forth, and are choked with cares, and riches, and pleasures Washing with water. Purification from sin and guilt.—Psal. li. 2.7.
of life.

Wash me throughly from mine iniquity, and cleanse me from my
2. Thorns and briers; wicked, perverse, and untractable persons.- sin. Wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow.

Ezek. ii. 6. Son of man, be not afraid of them ..., though briers and WATER.
thorns be with thee.

1. The purifying grace of the Holy Spirit.—John iii. 5. Except a man

be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom
THRESHING.–Destruction.— Jer. li. 33. Babylon is like a threshing- of God. See also Psal. li. 2.
floor : it is time to thresh her ; that is, to subdue and destroy her 2. Living water. The word of the Gospel.—John iv. 10. He would
power. See Isa. xli. 15. Amos i. 3. Micah iv. 13. Hab. ii. 12. have given thee living water.
THRONE.—Kingdom, government.-Gen. xli. 40. Only in the throne WATERS.

will I be greater than thou. In 2 Sam. iii. 10. kingdom and throne are 1. Troubles and afflictions.—Psal. lxix. 1. Save me, O God : for the
synonymus. To translate the kingdom from the house of Sauland waters are come in unto my soul.
to set up the throne of David over Israel. The setting of the throne 2. A great multitude of people.--Isa. viii. 7. The LORD bringeth up
in 2 Sam. vii. 12, 13. 16. signifies the settling or establishment of the upon them the waters of the river, strong and many, i.e. army of the
government in peace; and the enlargement of the throne, in 1 king of Assyria ; whose overwhelming force is compared to the
Kings i. 37. compared with 47., implies a great accession of power waters of the great, rapid, and impetuous river Euphrates. See
and dominions.

Rey. xvii. 15.
THUNDER.—The voice of God.—Psal. xxix. 3. The voice of the Lord 3. The Blessings of the Gospel.—Isa. lv. 1. Ho! every one that

is upon the waters ; the God of glory thundereth. In Rev. x. 4. the thirstelh, come ye to the waters.
seven thunders may mean either a particular prophecy, or perhaps Waves of the Sea.- Numerous armies of the heathens marching
seven distinct prophecies, uttered by seven voices, loud as thun- against the people of God.-Psal. Ixv. 7. Which stillest the noise of

the seas, the noise of their waves. See also Psal. lxxxix. 9. and xciii
Towers and Fortresses; defenders and protectors, whether by coun. 3, 4.-Jude 13. Raging waves of the sea.

sel or by strength, in peace or in war.—Isa. ii. 12. 15. The day of WEEK.-Seven years.-Dan. ix. 24. Seventy weeks are determined
the Lord of Hosts shall be..... upon every high tower, and every upon thy people ; that is, seventy weeks of years, or four hundred and
fenced wall (or fortress).

ninety years.
TRAVAILING with child.

WHEAT.-Good seed, the children of the kingdom. Matt. xiii. 38.
1. A state of anguish and misery.- Jer. iv. 31. I have heard a voice WHITE. See GARMENTS, 1.; HORSE, 3. ; STONE, 5.
as of a woman in travail, the anguish as of her that bringeth forth WILDERNESS.
her first child, the voice of the daughter of Žion.-Jer. xiii. 21. Shall 1. All manner of desolation.—Isa xxvi. 10. The defenced city shall
not sorrows overtake thee as a woman in travail ? See also Isa. xxvi. be desolate, and the habitation forsaken and left like a wilderness.
17, 18. lxvi. 7. Jer. xxx. 6. 7.

Jer. xxii. 6. Surely I will make thee a wilderness [and] cities (which]
2. The sorrow of tribulation or persecution.–Mark xiii. 8. These are are not inhabited. See also Hos. ii. 3.

the beginnings of sorrows, literally, the pains of a woman in travail. 2. This world, through which all real Christians pass, and undergo all
See 1. Thess. v. 3.

the trials of the Hebrews in their way to the heavenly Canaan.-1
TREAD under, or trample upon-To overcome and bring under sub- Cor. x. 5. 6. They were overthrown in the wilderness. Now these

jection.—Psal. Ix. 12. Through God we shall do valiantly; for it is things were our examples.--Isa. xli. 18. I will make the wilderness
he that shall tread down our enemies. See Isa. x. 6 xiv. 25. a pool of water.


virtuous, is honoured with the high appellation of the espoused of
1. Violent wind.Destruction.-Jer. li. 1. I will raise up against Ba- God in Isa. liv. 1.5., and Jer. xxxi. 4. When wicked and idolatrous

bylon .... a destroying wind.—Jer. iv. 11, 12. A dry wind of the high she is styled the harlot, the adulteress. See ADULTERESS.
places in the wilderness..even a full wind from those places shall come 2. The true church of Christ.—Rev. xii. 1. A woman clothed with
unto me.

the sun.
2. The four winds.-General destruction.--Jer. xlix. 36. Upon Elam | WRITE-To publish or notify. This was the first intention of writing;

will I bring the four winds, from the four quarters of heaven. See and, in the earliest ages, no writings were made but upon pillars or
also Dan. vii. 2. viii. 8. Rev. vii. 1. See AIR.

monuments, merely to notify things.— Jer. xxii. 30. Write this man

childless; that is, publish it, and let all men know that he shall
1. Wine, when mentioned together with corn and oil (as it very fre- have no child to succeed him upon the throne. For it appears from

quently is), denotes all kinds of temporal good things.-Hos. ii. 8. 1 Chron. iii. 17, 18. and Matt. i. 12., that Jeconiah (of whom the

I gave her corn, and wine, and oil. See Joel ii. 19. Psal. iv. 7. prophet is speaking) had children; but being born probably after
2. As the choicest heavenly blessings are frequently represented in he was carried to Babylon, where he lived many years a captive,

the Scriptures by the salutary effects of wine : so, from the noxious none of them ever succeeded to the royal authority. See 2 Kings
and intoxicating qualities of that liquor,-(which anciently was xxy. 27.
mixed with bitter and stupefying ingredients, and given to male-
factors who were about to suffer death,)—is borrowed a most tre- YOKE.
mendous image of the wrath and indignation of Almighty God.-- 1. Oppressive bondage. Dent. xxviii. 48. He shall put a yoke of iron
Psal. lxxy. 8. In the hand of the LORD there is a cup, and the wine upon thy neck, until he shall have destroyed thee. See Jer. xxviii.
is red; it is full of mixture, &c.—Psal. lx. 3. Thou hast made us to 14. In Gal. v. 1, the yoke of bondage means the burdensome cere-
drink the wine of astonishment. See Jer. xxv. 15. Rev. xiv. 10. monies of the Mosaic law, from which the Christian law of liberty
xvi. 19.

has delivered us.
WINE-PRESS. - Treading the wine-press, from their custom of pressing 2. Punishment for sin.-Lam. i. 14. The yoke of my transgressions
grapes, signifies destruction attended with great slaughter.—Lament. is bound by his hand.
1. 15. The Lord hath trodden under foot all my mighty men in the 3. Those useful restraints, which arise from a sense of the duty which
midst of me; he hath called an assembly against me to crush my we owe to God, and the obedience we ought to pay to his laws.-
young men ; the Lord hath trodden the virgin, the daughter of Judah, Lam. iii. 27. It is good for a man to bear the yoke in his youth.
as in a wine-press. See Isa. Ixiii. 3.

4. The doctrines and precepts of Jesus Christ, and the temper, dispo-

sitions, and duties which flow from them.-Matt. xi. 29, 30. Take
1. Protection.—Psal. xvii. 8. Hide me under the shadow of thy wings. my yoke upon you, and learn of me, for I am meek and lowly in
See Psal. xxxvi. 7. and xci. 4.

heart, and ye shall find rest unto your souls. For my yoke is easy, and
2. Wings, when used to fly upwards, are emblems of exaltation.—Isa. my burden is light.--Quesnel's remark upon the last sentence is not

xl. 31. They shall mount up with wings as eagles ; that is, they shall more beautiful than devout. “How easy and sweet is it, to serve
be highly exalted.

Christ even in bearing his cross ! How hard and painful is the slavery
WOLF-A thief, or religious impostor; a devourer of the church.- of the world, of sin and of our own passions, even with all their

Luke x. 3. I send you forth as lambs among wolves.- John X. 12. false pleasures! That satisfaction, peace, and comfort, which grace
He that is a hireling ....

seeth the wolf coming, and leaveth the sheep, gives here below, and that which hope encourages us to expect in
and fleeth: and the wolf scattereth them.

heaven, make a Christian full amends for all his pains in subduing

his passions, and in opposing the world .... A yoke, which Christ
1. A city, a state, or body politic, or the inhabitants thereof.—The takes together with us,-can that be uneasy? A burden, which He

daughter of Tyre in Psal. xlv. 12., of Babylon in Psal. cxxxvii. 8., bears in us by His Spirit,-can that be heavy? Come, then, taste
and of Jerusalem in 2 Kings xix. 21., signifies the inhabitants of and know by experience how sweet the Lord is, and how worthy
those cities, respectively. The daughter of Jerusalem, when His yoke is to be chosen and loved !"

No. III.




ABBREVIATIONS in manuscripts, account of, I. 221.

2. Apocryphal Books of the New Testament, I. 437. Enumeration
Abraham, predictions concerning, and their fulfilment, I. 122, 123. of these writings, ibid. EXTERNAL EVIDENCE to show that they

His posterity, in what sense as numerous as the stars of heaven were never considered as inspired or canonical, 437, 438. In-
for multitude, 421.

TERNAL EVIDENCE, 438–442. These apocryphal books are so
Abyssinian (Ancient) version of the Old and New Testaments, I. far from affecting the credibility of the genuine books of the
273, 274.

New Testament, that the latter are confirmed by them, 47,
Accents (Hebrew), uses of, I. 192.

48. 442.
Accommodation, theory of, shown to be unfounded, I. 324. Apollonius, of Tyana, fabulous miracles ascribed to, exposed, I. 118.
Acæmets, notice of, I. 223. note.

Apostles and evangelists, credibility of. See Credibility and Inspi.
Acrostic poetry of the Hebrews, I. 381.

ration. On the descent of the Holy Spirit upon them, I. 447, 448.
Acts of the Apostles :- Title, II. 318. By whom written, ibid. Genu- Apostolic Fathers, testimonies of, to the authenticity of the New

ineness and authenticity, ibid. Scope, ibid. Chronology, 319. Testament, I. 44, 45. In what manner they quoted the Scrip-
Analysis of this book, 320. Observations on its style, ibid. Im- tures, 41. Force of their testimony, 45.
portance of this book, as an evidence for the truth of Christianity, Aquila's version of the Old Testament, I. 268, 269.
320, 321. Confirmation of its veracity by Josephus, I. 80. Coin Arabic language, notice of, I. 199.
cidence between it and the apostolic epistles, 50, 51.

Arabic versions of the Old and New Testament, I. 274, 275. Of the
Acts of the Senate, what, I. 81. Appeals made to them by the first Samaritan Pentateuch, 204.
Christians, as evidence, 82.

Aramean Language, and its dialects, I. 199.
Adjunct, metonymy of, what, I. 360, 361.

Aramæisms of the New Testament, I. 198.
Advantages, peculiar to the Christian

revelation, a proof of its supe. Aretas, a king of Arabia Petræa, why at war with Herod the Great,
riority over all other religions, and that it is from God, I. 177—180. I. 50.
Adverbs (emphatic), instances of, I. 328.

Aristeas's fabulous account of the Septuagint version exposed, I.
Affections, the moral government of, enforced in the Gospel, I. 153, 264, 265. Fabulous miracles related of Aristeas the Proconnesian

exposed, 117.
Age of Hebrew manuscripts, how ascertained, I. 217.

Ark of Noah, dimensions of, I. 75.
Agreement of ancient manuscripts and versions, a proof of the un-Armenian version of Scriptures, I. 275.
corrupted preservation of the Scriptures, I. 54, 55. Of quotations Arnobius, testimony of, to the genuineness of the New Testament
by Christian writers, a like proof, 55.

I. 42.
Alexander of Pontus, fabulous miracles recorded of, exposed, I. 117. Article (Greek), elucidations of, 1. 327, 328.
Alexandrian Manuscript, account of, I. 222–224. Fac-simile of it, Articles of faith, not to be established from single, obscure, or figu-

rative iexts, I. 395.
Alexandrian Version. See Septuagint.

Arts, the late invention and progress of, a confirmation of the cre-
Alexandrine Recension of the New Testament, account of, I. 205. dibility of the Mosaic History of the Deluge, I. 73, 74.
Allegorical Sense, I. 323.

Asaph, Psalms ascribed to, II. 239.
Allegory defined, I. 364. Different species of, ibid. Rules for the Ascension, Odes of, II. 243.
interpretation of allegories, 364, 365.

Ascension of Jesus Christ, circumstances of, considered, I. 446.
Allusions to the Old Testament in the New, I. 312. 318.

Asher (Rabbi Aaron Ben), Codex of, I. 203.
Alphabetical Poems of the Hebrews, account of, I. 381.

Atheists, principles of, contrasted with those of the Gospel, I. 176,
America, observations on the peopling of, I. 76.

177. Effects of, in republican France, 25, 26.
Ammonian Sections, what, I. 214. Ammonian dialect, 273. Athenagoras, testimony of, to the genuineness of the New Testa
Amos (the prophet), account of, II. 259, 260. Occasion of his pro- ment, I. 43.

phecy, 260. Its scope, ibid. Synopsis of its contents, ibid. Ob- Athens, miserable condition of the women at, I. 19. note 7. Origin
servations on his style, ibid.

of the altar erected at, to “The unknown God," 90. St. Luke's
Avguwousta, or Church-Lessons, I. 214.

and St. Paul's account of the Athenians confirmed by Demos-
Analogy of languages, defined, 1. 340, 341. Use of grammatical thenes, 80. : and by ancient inscriptions, 91. Remarks on Paul's

analogy for interpreting Scripture, 341. Of kindred languages, admirable address to them., II. 326, 327.
341, 342. Foundation of analogy in all languages, 342. Analogy Atonement, true notion of, unknown to the heathen, I. 17. Though
of Scripture, 330–333. Analogy of faith defined, 342. Its im- they felt the necessity of an atonement for sin, 70, 71. The doc-
portance in studying the sacred writings, 342, 343. Rules for trine of, as set forth in the New Testament, 150.
investigating the analogy of faith, 343, 344.

Authenticity defined, I. 28. Of the Old and New Testaments proved,
Ananias, why not acknowledged as high-priest by St. Paul, I. 50. 2852. Recapitulation of this argument, 184. Especially of
Ancestors pui for posterity, I, 359.

Matt. i. and ii. and Luke i. and ii., II. 299-302. 309. ^ Of Luke
Anglo-Saxon version of the New Testament, account of, I. 280. viii. 27—39., 310.; and xxii. 44., 310. Of John vii. 53. and viii. 1-
Antediluvians, longevity of, confirmed by heathen writers, 1. 71. 11., 315. Examination of the authenticity of 1 John v. 7., 366
Ante Hieronymian Version of the Bible, I. 275.

Anthropopathy, nature of, I. 362.

Author, put for his book or writings, I. 359. Importance of know-
Avfuratos, propriety of the title of, given by St. Paul to Sergius

ing, 348.
Paulus, I. 90.
Antiquities (Biblical), importance of, to the study of the Sacred

Writings, 1. 350. Cautions in applying them, 350, 351.
Antitype, what, I. 385. Rules for the application of types to anti- BABEL, erection of the tower of, confirmed by heathen testimony,

types, 386, 387.
Apamean Medal confirms the Mosaic account of the Deluge, I. 88. Babylon, prophecies concerning, and their fulfilment, I. 126.

I. 77.
Apocalypse. See Revelation of St. John.

Balaam's ass speaking, remarks on, I. 421.
Apocrypha, derivation of the term, I. 435.
1. The Apocryphal Books of the Old Testament, why rejected from

Baptism, observance of, a proof of the credibility of the New Tes-

tament, I. 67.
the canon of Scripture, I. 435, 436. Their uses, 344. 436. Ana- Barnabas, testimony of, to the genuineness and authenticity of the
lysis of these books, II. 289–293. Supposed quotations from them New Testament, I. 44.
in the New Testament, I. 318. Actual value of these produc- Baruch, apocryphal book of, II. 391, 392.
tions, 436.

Bath-Kol, notice of, II. 256.

Bel and the Dragon, apocryphal history of, II. 292.

contrary to reason, 158_160. Its doctrine of a future judgment
Benefits conferred by Christianity, a proof that it is from God, I. 169 not improbable, 160, 161. Does not establish a system of priest-

craft, 161, 162. Or prohibit free inquiry, but on the contrary in-
Bethlehem, massacre of the infants at, I. 419.

vites it, 162. Its morality not too strict, 162, 163. Nor any of its
Bible, a perfect rule of faith and practice, I. 186. Moral qualifica- moral precepts unreasonable and impracticable, 163, 164. Does

tions for studying it advantageously, 186, 187. In what order it not produce a timid spirit, 164. Nor overlook the generous sen-
should be read, 187. Refutation of the assertion that the Bible timents of friendship, 164, 165.; and of patriotism, 165, 166. Nor
is the most immoral book in the world, 166. Does not inculcate inculcate either intolerance or persecution, 166, 167. The ten-
a spirit of intolerance and persecution, 166, 167. Harmony be- dency of Christianity (evinced by facts) to promote the present
tween all its parts, a proof of its divine origin and authority, 167, and eternal happiness of mankind, 169–175. Comparison of the
168. As also its preservation, 168. See Scriptures, Versions, actual effects of the Gospel, with those produced by the atheisti-
Testament (Old), and Testament (New).

cal philosophy, 175—177. A further proof that it is from God, is
Blind man restored to sight, remarks on the miracle of, I. 104, 105. afforded by its superiority over all other religions, 177. Particu-
Blount (Mr.), absurd and contradictory notions of, on religion and larly in its perfection, ibid. Its openness, ibid. Its adaptation to
morals, I. 23. His profligacy, 26.

the capacities of all men, 178. The spirituality of its worship,
Boils, on the plague of, in Egypt, II. 207.

ibid. Its opposition to the spirit of the world, 179. Its humilia-
Bolingbroke (Lord), absurd and contradictory tenets of, on religion tion of man and exalting the Deity, ibid. Its restoration of order

and morals, I. 24, 25. His hypocrisy exposed, 26. His involun- to the world, ibid. Its tendency to eradicate all evil passions
tary testimony in favour of the evangelist, 68.

from the heart, ibid. Its contrariety to the covetousness and am-
Book, every writing so termed by the ancients, however small, 1.56. bition of mankind, ibid. Its restoring the divine image to man,
Book of the Covenant, I. 57.

ibid. Its mighty effects, ibid. Examination of the difficulties
Book of Jasher, remarks on, I. 57. II. 216.

attendant on the propagation of Christianity, 448–450.
Book of the Wars of the Lord, observations on, I. 57. II. 210. Christians, exemplary character and conduct of, I. 169, 170. At-
Byzantine Recension of the New Testament, I. 205.

tested by their heathen adversaries, 83—85. 170. The crimes of
nominal Christians not chargeable on the Gospel, 173.
Chronicles (two books of), II. 222. Their title, ibid. Author and

date, ibid. Scope and analysis of these books, 223. Observations

on these books, 224. Account of the Targums or Chaldee para
Caius Romanus, testimony of, to the genuineness of the New Tes- phrases on, I. 263.
tament, I. 42.

Chronology, alleged contradictions in, considered, and shown to be
Cana, observation on the miracle wrought at, I. 103, 104.

unfounded, I. 404, 405. Importance of, to biblical students, 349.
Canaanites, extirpation of, considered, I. 409, 410.

Chubb (Mr.), absurd and contradictory tenets of, concerning religion,
Canon of the Old Testament, account of, I. 28-30. Canon of the I. 23, 24. His hypocrisy, 26. Involuntary testimony of, to the

New Testament, 39. General divisions of the canonical books divine mission of Jesus Christ, 68.; and to his character, 155.
of the Old Testament, II. 212, 213.

Churches (Christian), state of, necessary to be known in studying
Catalogues of the books of the Old Testament, I. 29, 30.; and of the Epistles, I. 393.
the New Testament, 41.

Cilicisms of the New Testament, I. 199.
Catholic Epistles, origin of the appellation of, II. 358. Its antiquity, Circumcision, the observance of, a proof of the credibility of the
ibid. The authenticity of the Catholic Epistles, and in what Old Testament, I. 66.
order usually placed, ibid. Their dates, 330.

Circumstantiality of the Old Testament narratives a proof of their
Cause, metonymy of, I. 359, 360.

authenticity, I. 31, 32.; as also of the Pentateuch, 35, 36.; and
Celsus, testimony of, to the genuineness and authenticity of the of the New Testament narratives, 49, 50.
New Testament, I. 46, 47.; and to the character of Christ, 82.; Clarius's (Isidore) revision of the Vulgate version, notice of, 1. 277
and of the first Christians, 85.

Classification of the books of the New Testament, II. 293, 294.
Census, alluded to by St. Luke, explained, I. 419, 420.

Clement of Alexandria, testimony of, to the genuineness of the New
Cerinthus, account of the tenets of, II. 316, 317. His testimony to Testament, I. 43.

the genuineness and authenticity of the New Testament, I. 46. Clement of Rome, testimony of, to the genuineness of the New
Cetubim, an ancient division of the Old Testament, account of, I. Testament, I. 45.

Cognate, or kindred languages, what so termed, I. 199. Account
Chaldæans, pretence of, to antiquity, disproved, I. 73.

of them, ibid. The use of the cognate languages for illustrating
Chaldaisms of the New Testament, I. 198.

the Scriptures elucidated, 199. 341, 342.
Chaldee Language, notice of, I. 199.

Coincidence of the Old and New Testament narratives with the
Chaldee Paraphrases on the Scriptures, account of, I. 262—264. relations of profane authors a proof of their credibility, I. 49–52.
Chapters and verses, origin of, in the Old Testament, I. 213. And 69–87.
in the New Testament, 214.

Coins (ancient), collateral testimony of, to the credibility of the
Characters (Hebrew), antiquity of, I. 190.

New Testament, I. 88–91. Importance of, as an hermeneutical
Children, the visiting of the fathers' sins on, explained, I. 409. aid, 350.
Chinese, pretences of, to antiquity, disproved, 1. 74. Degraded state Collins (Mr.), absurd and contradictory tenets of, on religion, I. 23.
of religion and morals among the Chinese, I. 21.

His hypocrisy, 26.
Christ Jesus). Duration of his ministry, I. 321. The Lord's

sup- Colossians, Saint Paul's Epistle to, II. 340. Account of the church
per a perpetual memorial of the truth of the Gospel, 67. Testi- at Colossæ, 341. Date of this Epistle, ibid. Its occasion, ibid.
mony of Josephus to the character of Jesus Christ, 81. 463, 464. Scope and analysis of its contents, ibid.
of the Talmuds, 81. Of Pontius Pilate, 81, 82. Of Suetonius, Commentaries, different classes of, I. 352. Of commentaries, strictly
Tacitus, Pliny, Ælius, Lampridius, Celsus, and Porphyry, 82. so called, ibid. Their utility, 353. Design to be kept in view in
Of Julian and Mohammed, 83. Jesus Christ put for his doctrine, consulting them, ibid. Rules for consulting them to the best
359. Parables, why used by him, 368, 369. Superiority of his advantage, 353, 354.
parables, 369, 370. Difficulties in his genealogy solved, 400, 401. Comparison not to be extended to all the circumstances of an alle
417, 418. Why he used external means in performing some of

gory, I. 365.
his miracles, 99, 100.; and gave different degrees of notoriety to complexion, varieties of, in different nations, not contrary to the
them, 98, 99. Their number, 101. Variety, ibid. Design, 101, Mosaic account of the origin of mankind, I. 76.
102. Greatness, 102. Before whom wrought, 103. In what man- Conjecture (critical), a source of various readings, I. 284. Rules
ner wrought, ibid. Their effects, ibid. Were never denied, ibid. for applying it to the determination of various readings, 289, 290.
A critical examination of some of Christ's miracles, particularly Constantinopolitan Recension of the New Testament, I. 205. 209.
the conversion of water into wine, ibid. The feeding of five Contemporary Writers, testimony of, a source for ascertaining the
thousand men, 104. The healing of the paralytic, ibid. The meaning of Scripture, I. 329–333
giving of sight to the man who had been born blind, 104, 105. Context, definition of, I. 336. Rules for investigating it, 337, 338
The raising of Jairus's daughter to life, 105. Of the widow's son Importance of attending to the context, in the interpretation of
at Nain, ibid. And of Lazarus, 105, 106. The circumstances of allegories, 365.
his Resurrection stated and scrutinized, 106—115. And of his As- Contradictions, alleged to exist in the Scriptures, considered, and
cension, 446. The miracles of Christ compared with pretended shown to have no foundation, I. 399, 400. `In historical passages,
pagan and popish miracles, 115-119. Character of Christ, 149. 400—404. In chronology, 404, 405. Between prophecies and
Testimonies of heathen adversaries to his life and character, 81 their fulfilment, 406. In doctrine, 406—408. Apparent contra-
-83. Involuntary testimonies of the infidels, Chubb and Rous- dictions to morality, 408–414. Between the sacred writers, 414
seau, to his character, 156. and note. Christ a greater prophet -418. Between sacred and profane writers, 418_420. Seeming
than Moses, 453, 454. Salvation only through him, 462. Neces- contradictions to philosophy and the nature of things, 420—422
sity of believing in him, and danger of rejecting him, ibid. Christ Conversation with the Deity, the most eminent degree of prophetic
put for his doctrine, 359. See MESSIAH.

inspiration, II. 256.
Christianity, propagation of, a proof of the credibility of the New Conversion of Paul, remarks on, II. 322, 323.

Testament, I. 67. And that the Gospel is from God, 130–132. Coptic version of the Old and New Testament, I. 272.
Gibbon's five secondary causes of its success refuted, 133. Its Corinthians (Saint Paul's First Epistle to), II. 334. Paul's character
rejection by unbelieving Jews and Gentiles, and non-universality, of the Gentile Corinthians confirmed by profane historians, I. 80.
no argument against its divine original, but rather a confirmation, State of the Corinthian church, II. 334. Occasion and scope of
134-140. The Mosaic dispensation introductory to it, 147, 148. this Epistle, ibid. Analysis of its contents, 335. Date and genu-
Excellence of its doctrines, 149–151. And morality, 152-156. ineness, ibid. Examination of the question, how many epistles
Superiority of its motives to duty, 156—158. Its doctrines not Paul wrote to the Corinthians, ibid.

Corinthians (Saint Paul's Second Epistle_to), II. 335. Date and Doctrines delivered by Moses, and by the prophets, I. 143–148.

where written, 336. Occasion of this Epistle, ibid. Its scope, Summary of the doctrines of the Gospel, 149. ; particularly the
ibid. Synopsis of its contents, ibid. Observations on it, ibid. 'A vicarious atonement of Christ, and the blessings thereby procured
supposed chronological difficulty in this Epistle elucidated, 336, for man, 150—152. Alleged contradictions in doctrines proved
337. No other epistles written to the Corinthians but the two to have no foundation, 406—408. On the doctrinal interpretation
which are now extant, I. 57, 58. II. 335.

of the Scriptures, 393-395.
Corruption of the Scriptures, impossibility of, proved, I. 52–58. Double Sense of prophecy, I. 390, 391.

Wisful corruption, how far a cause of various readings, 285. Dramatic Poems of the Hebrews, I. 381.
Counsels of perfection, nature and fallacy of, I. 396. nole.

Dreams, prophetic, II. 255.
Covenant, book of the, 1. 57.

Duelling nol sanctioned by the Gospel, I. 171. note.
Creation of the world, true account of, unknown to the ancient

philosophers. I. 17. Mosaic narrative of, confirmed by profane
history, 69. And by the modern discoveries in philosophy, I.
420, 421.

EBER's (Paul) revision of the Latin Vulgate, notice of, 1. 277.
Credibility of the Old and New Testaments, I. 59. Proofs that the Ebionites. testimony of, to the genuineness and authenticity of the

writers of them had a perfect knowledge of the subjects which New Testament, I. 46.
they relate ; and their moral character, though rigidly tried, was Ecclesiastes (book of), II. 247. Its title, author, and canonical au-
never impeached by their keenest opponents, ibid. This test ap.

thority, ibid. Its scope and synopsis, 247, 248. Observations on
plied to the Old Testament, ibid And also to the New Testa-

this book, 249.
ment, 60., These writings never charged with containing false. Ecclesiasticus (apocryphal book of), account of, II. 291.
hoods, ibid. This proved at large concerning the Old Testament, Edessene Recension of the New Testament, account of, I. 206.
60–62. And the New Testament, 62. The writers of which Editions (ancient) of the Scripture, considered as a source of the
were contemporary with, and competent witnesses of, the events sacred text, I. 280.
related, 62, 63. And could not have recorded the actions ascrib- Effect, metonymý of, I. 360.
ed to Christ, if they had not been true, 62. Were neither enthu- | Egypí, prophecies concerning, and their fulfilment, I. 125. The
siasts nor fanatics, 63. Were neither deceived themselves, nor

borrowing from the Egyptians by the Israelites explained, 409.
did nor could deceive others, 63, 64. But on the contrary they Remarks on the plagues inflicted upon the Egyptians, II. 206,
were men of the strictest integrity and sincerity, 64, 65. Ap- 207. Pretensions of the Egyptians to remote antiquity disproved,
pealed to notorious proofs, 66. And suffered everything for the 1. 73. Confirmations of Scripture from Egyptian hieroglyphics,
truth of their narration, ibid. The credibility of the Scriptures fur- 88, 89.
ther confirmed by the subsistence, to this very day, of monuments Egyptian versions of the Scriptures, I. 272, 273. Egyptian Recen-
instituted to perpetuate the memory of the principal facts and sion of the New Testament, 205.
events therein recorded, 66, 67. And by the wonderful establish- Eichhorn's theory of recensions, account of, I. 209.
ment and propagation of Christianity, 67, 68. Testimonies from Elegiac Poetry of the Hebrews, I. 380.
natural and civil history to the credibility of the Old Testament, Elijah fed by ravens, remarks on the narrative of, I. 422.
69–78. And also of the New Testament, 78–83. The silence Emphases, definition of, I. 326, 327. Different kinds of, 327. Em.
of profane authors concerning facts recorded by the sacred histo-

phasis of the Greek article, 327, 328. Emphases of other words,
rians no argument against their credibility, 85–87. Which is

328. Emphatic adverbs, ibid. Real emphases, ibid. Rules for
further confirmed by coins and medals, 88–91. Recapitulation the investigation of emphatic words, 328, 329.
of this argument, 185. Credibility of miracles, proved, 95—97. England, beneficial effects of Christianity in, I. 174.
Creed of unbelievers, I. 159. note.

Enoch, translation of, confirmed by heathen traditions, I. 71. Re-
Crelans, St. Paul's character of, confirmed by profane writers, I. 81. marks on the apocryphal book of, supposed to be quoted by the
Christianity, when planted in Crete, II. 347.

Apostle Jude, 318. II. 377.
Criticism of the Scriptures, objects of, I. 188.

Enthusiasm, characteristics of, I. 63." Proof that Moses was not an
Cyprian, testimony of, to the genuineness of the New Testament, enthusiast, 60. Nor the apostles and evangelists, 63. Especially
1. 42.

Saint Paul, II. 322, 323.
Cyprian Recension of the New Testament, I. 209. note.

Ephesus, temple of Diana at, I. 90. That city, why termed XEO.
Cyrenius, census of, explained, 1. 419, 420.

KOPOE, 90, 91. Account of the church at, II. 338. Genuineness
and authenticity of the Epistle to the Ephesians, 338, 339. Its
date, 339. Occasion and scope, ibid. Analysis of its contents,

ibid. Observations on its style, ibid.
D'ALEMBERT, miserable death of, I. 176.

Epistles of the apostles, importance of, II. 329, 330. Their number
Daniel (the prophet), account of, II. 277. His predictions relative and order, particularly those of St. Paul, 330. of the Catholic

to the four great monarchies, I. 129. Analysis of his prophecies, epistles, ibid. General plan of the apostolic epistles, ibid. Causes
II. 277–279. Observations on their canonical authority and style, of their obscurity explained, 331. Remarks on the phraseology
with a refutation of neologian objections, 279–282. Account of of St. Paul's Epistles in particular, ibid. Rules for studying the
the spurious additions made to the book of Daniel, 282.

apostolic epistles most beneficially, I. 393–395. Subscriptions
Darkness, on the plague of, in Egypt, II. 207.

altached to them, 215. See Catholic Epistles.
Dates of the books of Scripture, importance of knowing, I. 348. Epithets of Scripture, different kinds of, I. 325.
David, in what sense the "man after God's own heart," I. 411,412. Esdras, account of the two apocryphal books of, II. 289, 290.
List of Psalms ascribed to, II. 239. 241.

Esther (book of), II. 225. Its title and author, 225, 226. Argument,
Deborah, remarks on the ode of, II. 217. note.

266. Synopsis of its contents, ibid. Account of the Targums or
Deists, or enemies of divine revelation, origin of, I. 22. nole. Are Chaldee paraphrases on this book, I. 263. Apocryphal additions

indebted to the Scriptures for all that they have written, which to the book of Esther, II. 290.
is either wise or good, ibid. Their boast, that unassisted reason Ethan, psalm ascribed to, II. 240.
is a sufficient guide to man, disproved, ibid. A summary of their Ethiopia, prophecies concerning, and their fulfilment, I. 125, 126.
absurd and contradictory tenets concerning religion, the worship Ethiopic language, notice of, I. 199. Ethiopic version of the Scrip-
of God, and a future state, 23–25. And concerning morals, 25. tures, 273, 274.
Deadly effects of deism on nations, 25, 26. And on individuals, Eusebius's account of the classification and genuineness of the
26. Effects of their principles contrasted with those of the Gos- books of the New Testament, I. 42. Notice of his Harmony of
pel, 176, 177.

the four Gospels, 319, 320.; and of his recension of the Septuagint
Deities (heathen), immense number of, I. 16. and note 8., 21. Hor- version, 268. Eusebian Sections, 214.
rid rites of, and their effects, 16, 17. See Idolatry.

Euthalius, Sections of, l. 214.
Deluge, Mosaic account of, not contrary to philosophy, but confirm- Evangelists, were contemporary with, and competent witnesses of,

ed by indubitable testimonies from natural and civil history, I. the facts recorded by them, 1. 62, 63. Were not enthusiasts nor
72–75. And by the Apamean medal, 88. Infidel objections to fanatics, 63. Neither did nor could deceive or impose upon
it refuted, 75, 76.

others, 63, 64. Were men of the strictest integrity and sincerity,
De Rossi, notice of the principal Hebrew MSS. collected by, I. 219. 64, 65. Appealed to notorious proofs, 66. Suffered every thing
Design of the sacred writers in composing their narratives, a source for the truth of their narrative, ibid. On the credibility and in-

of apparent contradictions in historical passages, I. 400—402. spiration of the evangelists.-See Credibility, Inspiration.
And also in points of doctrine, 408.

Evidence. See Historical Testimony.
Deuteronomy (book of), date and chronology of, II. 210, 211. Its Evil (moral and physical), the true cause of, unknown to the an-
scope, 211. Prediction relative to the Messiah contained in it cients, I. 17. The Bible account of it confirmed by heathen
illustrated, ibid. I. 453, 454. Synopsis of its contents, II. 211, 212. writers, 70.
Observations on this book, 212.

Exodus (book of), Title, II. 206. Author and date, ibid. Occasion
Dialects of the Greek Testament, I. 196—199.

and subject matter, ibid. Scope, ibid. Types of the Messiah,
A1%@yxx,» import of, I. 28. 39.

ibid. Synopsis, ibid. Illustration of Exodus, ch. vii.-xi. 206, 207.
Axu*2*4*, import of, II. 243.

Expositors. See Commentators.
Didactic poetry of the Hebrews, I. 381.

Ezekiel (the prophet), account of, II. 283. Canonical authority of
Difficulties attendant on the propagation of Christianity, examined, his prophecies, ibid. Their scope, 284. Analysis of them, 284
I. 448_450.

286. Observations on the style of Ezekiel, 286. Supposed dif-
Dissection, curious, of the Old and New Testaments, I. 202. note. ference between him and Jeremiah reconciled, I. 124.
Divisions (ancient and modern) of the Scriptures, I. 212–215. Ezra (book of), II. 224. Its title and author, ibid. Argument,
Doctrines delivered in the Bible a proof that it must be from God, scope, and synopsis of its contents, 224, 225. Observations on

1. 142. Doctrines of the patriarchal age, 142, 143. II. 236, 237. a spurious passage ascribed to Ezra, 225.
Vol. II,


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