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No. II.

INDEX

OF

THE SYMBOLICAL LANGUAGE OF THE SCRIPTURES.

[Designed to facilitate the perusal of the Prophetic Books, analysed in this Volume.]'

When ye

ABOMINATIONS.

ARM.
1. Sin in general.—Isa. lxvi. 3. Their soul delighteth in abomina- 1. The infinite power of God in creating the world.—Jer. xxvii. 5. a

tions.-Ezek. xvi. 50. They ... committed abomination before me. have made the earth ... by my great power, and by my outstretchea
See also ver. 51.

arm. See also Jer. xxxii. 17.
2. An Idol.—Isa. xliv. 19. Shall I make the residue thereof an abomi- 2. The power, strength, and miracles of Christ.- Isa. liii. 1. John xii.
nation? See also 2 Kings xxiii. 13.

38. To whom is the arm of the Lord revealed ?
3. The rites and ceremonies of the idolatrous and corrupt church of 3. When Jehovah is said to make bare his holy arm, it means that he

Rome.- Rev. xvii. 4. Having a golden cup in her hand, full of hath displayed his great power, which for a long time seemed to be
abominations.

hidden and unemployed. - Isa. lii. 10. The Lord hath made bare his
4. Abomination of Desolation. The Roman army, so called on ac- holy arm.

count of its ensigns and images which the soldiers worshipped, and ARMOUR.-Such graces and spiritual weapons, as are for the defence
which were abominable to the Jews.—Matt. xxiv. 15.

of the soul, and by which we may be enabled to combat with our
shall see the abomination of desolation spoken of by Daniel the Pro- spiritual enemies.-Rom. xiii. 12. Let us put on the armour of
phet.

light.-Eph. vi. 11. Put on the whole armour of God.
ACCURSED.

ARROWS.
1. Devoted to destruction. Josh. vi. 17.

1. Calamities, or judgments of God.—Job vi. 4. The arrows of the
2. Accursed from Christ. Excluded from intercourse, fellowship, and Almighty are within me, the poison whereof drinketh up my spirit.-
alliance with Christ.-Rom. ix. 3.

2 Sam. xxii. 14, 15. compare Psal. xxxviii. 2, 3. and Ezek. v. 16.
ADULTERESS, or Harlot.-An apostate church or city; particularly That calamities are represented among the eastern writers as the

the daughter of Jerusalem or the Jewish church and people.—Isa. arrows of the Almighty, we have abundant procés: one single
i. 21. How is the faithful city become a harlot? See Jer. iii. 6. 8, 9. instance, from the fine sayings ascribed to Ali (or Aaly, the son-in-
Ezek. xvi. 22. xxiii. 7. In Rev. xvii. 5. Babylon the Great, the Mo- law of the impostor of Arabia, will illustrate this remark. “It was
ther of Harlots, means the idolatrous Latin church.

once demanded of the fourth Khalif (Ali), on whom be the mercy
ADULTEROUS Generation (Matt. xii. 39. xvi. 4. Mark viii. 38.); a faith. of the Creator, if the canopy of heaven were a bow; and if the
less and impious generation.

earth were the cord thereof; and if calamities were arrows: if man-
ADULTERY.-Idolatry and apostacy from the worship of the true God. kind were the mark for those arrows; and if Almighty God, the

Jer. iii. 8, 9. When backsliding Israel committed adultery ... with tremendous and the glorious, were the unerring archer, to whom
stones and with stocks. See also Ezek. xvi. 32. xxiii. 37. Rev. ii. could the sons of Adam flee for protection? The Khalif answered
22.

saying, “The sons of Adam must flee unto the Lord.' This fine
AIR, Wind, Breath.—l'he Holy Spirit.—John in. 8. The wind bloweth image Job keeps in view, (vi. 8, 9.) wishing that the unerring marks-

where it listeth ; and thou hearest the sound thereof, but canst not tell man may let fly these arrows, let loose his hand, to destroy and cut
whence it cometh and whither it goeth; so is every one that is born him off. Dr. A. Clarke on Job vi. 4.
of the Spirit.—John xx. 22. He breathed on them, and saith unto 2. Abusive or slanderous words.-Psal. Ixiv. 3. Who bend their bows to
them, Receive ye the Holy Ghost."-Acts ii. 2. 4. Suddenly there shoot their arrows, even bitter words.
came a sound from Heaven as of a rushing mighty wind .... And 3. Children.-Psal. cxxvii. 4, 5. As arrows are in the hand of a mighty
they were all filled with the Holy Ghost.–See PRINCE.

man ; so are children of the youth. Happy is the man that hath his
ALPHA and OMEGA, an appellation which Jesus Christ appropriates to quiver full of them. · The orientals are accustomed to call brave

himself; to denote that, as he is the Creator, so he will be the final and valiant sons the arrows and darts of their parents, because they
judge of all things.—Rev. i. 8. I am Alpha and Omega the begin. are able to defend them. To sharpen arrows, to make sharp arrows,
ning and the ending.

is, among them, to get brave and valiant sons." [Burder's Oriental
AMEN.

Literature, vol. ii. p. 53.]
1. Truth and faithfulness; a title of Christ.—Rev. iii. 14. Thus saith Ashes. See Dust and Ashes.

the Amen; Truth, i.e. He who is true says, &c.
2. So be it: a form of wishing, approving, or praying at the end of a
sentence. Rom. i. 25. Gal. i. 5. Eph. iii. 21. Phil. iv. 20. 1 Tim. Babes.
i. 17. It was customary among the Jews, when the priests or other 1. Foolish and inexperienced princes.—Isa. iii. 4. I will give children
persons offered up prayers or praises to God in public, for the whole to be their princes, and babes (or infants) shall rule over them. This
assembly to respond Amen. Numb. v. 22. This custom was

minatory prediction was fully accomplished in the succession of
adopted by Christians; and in allusion to it Amen occurs in 1 Cor. weak and wicked princes who reigned over the kingdom of Judah
xiv. 16.

from the death of Josiah to the destruction of the city and temple,
ANGELS.

and the taking of Zedekiah, the last of them, captive by Nebuchad-
1. Angel of the LORD.— Jesus Christ.-Zech. i. 12. The angel of the

Lord answered and said .... See Lowth's Commentary, in loc. 2. Those who are weak in the Christian faith and knowledge, being
2. Those intellectual and immaterial Beings, whom the Almighty em- ignorant and inconstant, like infants.—1 Cor. iii. 1. And 1, brethren,

ploys, as the ministers of his providence or of his judgments.-Rev. could not speak unto you ... but as ... unto babes in Christ.-
xv. 8. xvi. 1. Seven Angels.--xxii. 8. I fell down to worship before Heb. v. 13. ' For he is a babe.

the feel of the angel, who showed me these things.
3. The presiding ministers or bishops of the church.—Rev. ii. 1. The BABYLON:- Papal Rome with all her idolatrous rites-Rev. xiv. 8.

Babylon is fallen. "See also Rev. xvii. xviii.
angel of the church of Ephesus. See also ii. 8. 12. 18. iii. 1. 7. 14.

BALAAM, Doctrine, error, or way of.-A defection from true religion
4. Fallen Spirits.—Matt. xxv. 41. Everlasting fire prepared for the united with immoral and lascivious practices.- Rev. ii. 14. Thou
Devil and his Angels.

hast them that hold the doctrine of Balaam.-Jude 11. They have

... run greedily after the error of Balaam.—2 Pet. ii. 15. Following
1 Besides the authorities cited for particular words, this Index of the

the way of Balaam.
Prophetic or Symbolical Language of the Scriptures has been drawn up,

BALANCE
after

a careful perasal of the remarks on this subject by Sir Isaac New? 1. The known symbol of a strict observation of justice and fair deal-
ton, Bishops Lowth and Hurd, the Commentary of William Lowth on the ing. Prov. xi. 1. A false balance is abomination unto the Lord.-
Prophets, the Rev. William Jones's Key to the Language of Prophecy, Prov. xvi. 11. A just weight and balance are the Lord's. See also
Dr. Lancaster's admirable Symbolical Alphabetical Dictionary prefixed Job xxxi. 6.
to his Abridgment of Daubuz's Perpetual Commentary on the Revelation 2. Joined with symbols, denoting the sale of corn and fruits by weight,
of St. John, Robinson's Greek Lexicon to the New Testament, and Dr.
Woodhouse's Notes to his Translation of the Apocalypse. Those symbols,

it becomes the symbol of scarcity.--Lev. xxvi. 26. When I have
and interpretations of symbols, which have been the subject of contro broken the staff of your bread; ten women shall bake your bread in
versy among some late writers on prophecy, are designedly omitted. one oven ; and they shall deliver you bread again by weight, and

nezzar.

4. Good or evil desires avi designs.—Deut. xxvii. 54. His eye shall , FIELD. The World.-Matt. xiii. 38.

be evil towards his brother.-ver. 56. Her eye shall be evil iowards Fire.
the husband of her bosom, and towards her son, and towards her 1. With such adjuncts as denote that it is not put for light, it signifies
daughter. That is, they shall form cruel and evil designs against destruction or torment, great sickness, war, and its dismal effects.-
them to kill, and even to eat them. History confirms the predic- Isa. xlii. 25. It hath set him on fire.--Isa. Ixvi. 15. The LORD will
tion.

come with fire. See Ezek. xxii. 20-22.
2. Burning fire.-The wrath of God.-Ezek. xxii. 31. I have con-

sumed them with the fire of my wrath.

3. Afflictions, or persecution.—Isa. xxiv. 15. Glorify ye the LORD God
FACE.

in the fires.
1. As applied to God, it denotes his favour.-Dan. ix. 17. Cause thy 4. Coals of fire proceeding out of the month of God, or from his
face to shine upon thy sancluary.-See Psal. xxxi. 16.

counteriance, denote his anger.—Psal. xviii. 8. 12, 13.
2. As applied to man.
Faces harder than a rock (Jer. v. 3.) denote unblushing, shameless Flesh (or Meat.)

FIRMAMENT. See HEAVENS.
persons.
Faith (ll.Orıs.) In consequence of not attending to the ambiguity of 1. The riches, goods, or possessions of any person conquered, oppres.
the word TISTIS, which in our authorised version is usually trans-

sed, or slain, as the case may be.-Psal. lxxiv. 14. Thou breakest
lated failh, it has been applied by many divines, wherever it occurs,

the heads of leviathan in pieces (didst destroy the power of Pharaoh

and his princes,) [and] gavest him [to be] meat to the people inhabiting
exclusively to faith in the Messiah, when the context often manifestly

the wilderness that is, didst enrich the Israelites with their
requires it to be taken in a different sense. Faith or believing then

spoils.—Isa. xvii. 4. The fatness of his flesh shall be made lean. See
denotes,
1. Our assenting to any truth, even to such truths as are known by the

also Mic. iii. 2, 3. and Zech. xi. 9. 16.; in all which places the Tar
evidences of our senses : thus in John xx. 29. Thomas, whom the 2. To devour much flesh, is to conquer and spoil many enemies of their

gum explains flesh by riches and substance.
evidence of his senses had convinced of the reality of Christ's re-

lands and possessions. In Dan. vii. 5. this expression is used to de-
surrection, is said to have believed.

note the cruelty of the Medes and Persians, many of whose sove
2. A general disposition of the mind to embrace all that we know concern-

reigns were more like ferocious bears than men. Înstances of their
ing
God, whether by reason or revelation : as in Heb. xi. 6. Without

cruelty abound in almost all the historians who have written of
faith it is impossible to please God; which expression is subsequent-

their affairs.
ly applied to the existence of God, his goodness and bounty towards 3. Weak, mortal man.—Isa. xl. 6. Al flesh is grass.

his sincere worshippers.
3. A peculiar assent to a certain revelation ; for instance, in Rom. iv. 4. The exterior of man; viz.

(1.) External actions, as circumcision, the choice of food, &c. in
throughout, and in other passages that treat of Abraham's faith, it is

which the body is the part chiefly affected.—Rom. iv. 1. What shall
manifest that this faith must be referred to the peculiar promises
made to Abraham that a son should be born unto him, though he

we say then, that Abraham our faiher hath found, as pertaining to the

flesh ? i. e. so far as regards external actions.- 1 Cor. x. 18. "Behold
himself was then about a hundred years old, and Sarah, who was

Israel after the flesh; i.e. as it respects the external performance of
ninety, was barren.
4. An assent given to the revelation made to Moses; as when the

their religious rites.-Gal. iji. 3.... Are ye now made perfect by the
children of Israel are said to have believed the Lord and his servant

flesh? will ye turn again to mere external ceremonies ?

(2.) External appearance, condition, circumstances, character &c.-
Moses. (Exod. xiv. 31. compared with John v. 45, 46. and ix. 28)

John vi. 63.
5. An assent given to the relation made to the prophets : as when King

The flesh profileth nothing.–2. Cor. v. 16. We know
Jehoshaphat says to the Jews (2 Chron. xx. 20.,) " Believe in the Flood.--Extreme danger.—Psal. lxix. 15. Let not the water-flood

no man after the flesh.
Lord your God, so shall ye be established; believe his prophets, 'so

overflow me. See River.
shall ye prosper." Compare also Isa. vii. 9.
6. A cordial assent to the Christian revelation or to some of its leading FOREHEAD.-A public profession or appearance before men.-An

Food. See BREAD.
and fundamental points; as in those passages where we are com-

tiently, slaves were stigmatised in their forehead with their master's
manded to believe in Christ, or that he is the Son of God, or that he

mark; hence to be sealed in the forehead (Rev. vii. 3.,) and to have
rose from the dead.

a mark in the forehead (Rev. xiii. 16. &c.,) is to make a public pro-
7. An assent to future and invisible things revealed by God, as in

fession of belonging to the person whose mark is said to be re-
Heb. xi. 1. where it is defined to be the substance of things hoped

ceived
for, and the evidence of things not seen, that is, the giving of a present Four. See NUMBERS.
subsistence to things future, which are fully expected, and the Forest of the South-field. See SOUTI-FIELD.
proving and demonstrating of things which are not seen.

FORNICATION.- All those carnal impurities, which were common
8. The Gospel, as in Gal. iii. 2. where Saint Paul demands of the among the heathens, and even formed a part of their sacred rites,
Galatians, whether they received the Spirit by the works of the law, Rev. ii

. 20. Thou sufferest that woman Jezebel.... to seduce my ser
or by the hearing of failh: in which passage it is evident that the vants to commit fornification.
hearing of faith denotes the hearing of the preached Gospel ; and in FORTRESS.—Sve Towers.
this sense the word faith appears to be used in all those parts of the Fox.-A cunning, deceitful person.—Luke xiii. 32 Go, tell thal fox.-

Epistle to the Romans, where it is opposed to the works of the law. Ezek. xiii. 4. Thy prophets are like the foxes in the deserls.
9. A persuasion that what we do is well pleasing to God : thns the Fruit.
meaning of Rom. xiv. 23, Whatsoever is nol of faith is sin, is, that 1. The consequences of an action. Prov. i. 31. They shall eat the fruit

it is sinful in us to do any thing, which we are not fully persuaded af their own ways.
is well pleasing to God, or at least permitted by him.

2. Good works--Psal. i. 3, He (the pious man) .....bringeth forth
10. Faith in miracles, that is, a firm confidence in Christ, to which, at his fruit in his season.—Matt. iii. 8. Bring forth fruits meet for re-

the first propagation of the Gospel, was annexed the performance pentance.
of miracles : such was the faith which Jesus Christ frequently re- Furnace.
quired of his disciples and others, that he might work certain 1. A place of great affliction.—Deut. iv. 20. The Lord halh ... brought
miracles by them (compare Matt. xvii. 20. Mark xi. 22. xvi, 17. and you forlh out of the iron furnace, out of Egypt.
Luke xvii. 6.;) and to which Saint Paul refers in 1 Cor. xiii. 2. 2. Such afflictions as God sends for the amendment and correction of
Lastly, faith sometimes signifies,

men. –Jer. ix. 7. I will melt them, and try them, that is, in the
11. Fidelity, or faithfulness in the discharge of duties or promises, and furnace of affliction.
so the Greek word Tootış is properly rendered in Tit. ii. 10.; as it
also should have been in 1 Tim. v. 12., the faith, there said to have

been cast off by the younger widows, being their fidelity to Christ.
FALLING down, or prostrate, before another.—Submission and ho- GARMENTS.

mage.—Isa. xlv. 14. They shall fall down unto thee, and make sup. 1 1. White garments were not only the emblem of purity and being in
plication unto thee. See also Gen. xxvii. 29. xxxvii. 7, 8.

the favour of God (Psal. li. 7. Isa. i. 18.,) but also, as being worn
FAMILY.-The Church of God.-Eph. iii. 15. Of whom the whole on festival days, were tokens of joy and pleasure. (Isa. lii. I \xi.
family in heaven and earth is named.

10.) Kings and princes likewise were arrayed in white garments
Fat.

of fine linen. (Gen. xli. 42. 1 Chron. xy. 27. 'Luke xvi. 19.) Hence,
1. The most excellent of every thing:-Psal. Ixxxi. 16. He should have to walk or be clothed in while, signifies to be prosperous, successful,

fed them with the finest (Heb. fat) of the wheal.—Psal. cxlvii. 14. He and victorious, to be holy, happy, honoured, and rewarded.-Rev.
filleth thee with the finest (Heb. fat) of the wheat.

iii. 4, 5. They shall walk in white...... The same shall be clothed
2. Riches.-Psal. xxii. 29. `All the fat upon earth.— Jer. v. 28. They in white raiment.
are waren fat.

2. Souls.-Rev. iii. 4. Thou hast a few names in Sardis which have
FATHER.

not defiled their garments.—The Hebrews considered holiness as the
1. God, whose children we all are by creation and redemption.—Mal. garb of the soul, and evil actions as stains or spots upon this garb.

i. 6. If I be a father, where is mine honour ?-Mal. ii. 10. Have we GATES.
not all one Father? Halh not one God created us? See Jer. xxxi. 1. Gates of the daughter of Sion. The ordinances of Jehovah, by
9.

which the soul is helped forward in the way of salvation.—Psal. ix.
2. Father of any thing; that is, the author, cause, or source of it.- 14. That I may show forth all thy praise in the gates of the daughter

John viii. 44. When he (Satan) speaketh a lie... he is the father of of Sion.
it.-James i. 17. The Father of lights ; the source of spiritual and 2. Gates of Death.
coporeal light.

Imminent danger of death.—Psal. ix. 13. Have mercy upon me,
3. Example, pattern, or prototype.—John viii. 44. Ye are of your Lord ..... thou that deliverest me from the gates of death. “The

father, the devil ; ye follow the example of Satan, so that he may be Hebrew poets supposed the lower world, or region of death, to have
properly called your father, and ye his children.

gates. Thus it is said in Job xxxviii. 17. Have the gates of death

No. II.

INDEX

OF
THE SYMBOLICAL LANGUAGE OF THE SCRIPTURES.

[Designed to facilitate the perusal of the Prophetic Books, analysed in this Volume.]"

22.

ABOMINATIONS.

ARM.
1. Sin in general.- Isa. Ixvi. 3. Their soul delighteth in abomina- 1. The infinite power of God in creating the world.—Jer. xxvii. 5. a

tions.-Ezek. xvi. 50. They ... committed abomination before me. have made the earth ... by my great power, and by my outstretchea
See also ver. 51.

arm. See also Jer. xxxii. 17."
2. An Idol.--Isa. xliv. 19. Shall I make the residue thereof an abomi- | 2. The power, strength, and miracles of Christ.- Isa. liii. 1. John xii.
nation? See also 2 Kings xxiii. 13.

38. To whom is the arm of the Lord revealed ?
3. The rites and ceremonies of the idolatrous and corrupt church of 3. When Jehovah is said to make bare his holy arm, it means that he

Rome.-Rev. xvii. 4. Having a golden cup in her hand, full of hath displayed his great power, which for a long time seemed to be
abominations.

hidden and unemployed.- Isa. lii. 10. The Lord hath made bare his
4. Abomination of Desolation. The Roman army, so called on ac- holy arm.

count of its ensigns and images which the soldiers worshipped, and Armour.–Such graces and spiritual weapons, as are for the defence
which were abominable to the Jews.—Matt. xxiv. 15. "When ye of the soul, and by which we may be enabled to combat with our
shall see the abomination of desolation spoken of by Daniel the Pro- spiritual enemies.-Rom. xiii. 12. Let us put on the armour of
phet.

light.-Eph. vi. 11. Put on the whole armour of God.
ACCURSED.

ARROWS.
1. Devoted to destruction. Josh. vi. 17.

1. Calamities, or judgments of God.—Job vi. 4. The arrows of the
2. Accursed from Christ. Excluded from intercourse, fellowship, and Almighty are within me, the poison whereof drinketh up my spirit.-
alliance with Christ.-Rom. ix. 3.

2 Sam. xxij. 14, 15. compare Psal. xxxviii. 2, 3. and Ezek. v. 16.
ADULTERESS, or Harlot.-An apostate church or city; particularly That calamities are represented among the eastern writers as the

the daughter of Jerusalem or the Jewish church and people.—Isa. arrows of the Almighty, we have abundant proofs : one single
i. 21. How is the faithful city become a harlot? See Jer. iii

. 6. 8, 9. instance, from the fine sayings ascribed to Ali (or Aaly, the son-in-
Ezek. xvi. 22. xxiii. 7. In Rev. xvii. 5. Babylon the Great, the Mo- law of the impostor of Arabia, will illustrate this remark. “It was
ther of Harlots, means the idolatrous Latin church.

once demanded of the fourth Khalif (Ali), on whom be the mercy
ADULTEROUS Generation (Matt. xii. 39. xvi. 4. Mark viii. 38.); a faith. of the Creator, if the canopy of heaven were a bow; and if the
less and impious generation.

earth were the cord thereof; and if calamities were arrows: if man-
ADULTERY.-Idolatry and apostacy from the worship of the true God. kind were the mark for those arrows; and if Almighty God, the

Jer. iii. 8, 9. When backsliding Israel committed adultery ... with tremendous and the glorious, were the unerring archer, to whom
stones and with stocks. See also Ezek. xvi. 32. xxiji. 37. Rev. ii. could the sons of Adam flee for protection? The Khalif answered

saying, “The sons of Adam must flee unto the Lord.' This fine
Air, Wind, Breath.—The Holy Spirit.-John ii. 8. The wind bloweth image Job keeps in view, (vi. 8, 9.) wishing that the unerring marks-

where it listeth ; and thou hearest the sound thereof, but canst not tell man may let fly these arrows, let loose his hand, to destroy and cut
whence it cometh and whither it goeth; so is every one that is born him off. Dr. A. Clarke on Job vi. 4.
of the Spirit.-John xx. 22. Fe breathed on them, and saith unto 2 Abusive or slanderous words.-Psal. Ixiv. 3. Who bend their bows to
them, Receive ye the Holy Ghost."-Acts ii. 2. 4. Suddenly there shoot their arrows, even bitter words.
came a sound from Heaven as of a rushing mighty wind .... And 3. Children. ---Psal. cxxvii

. 4,5. As arrows are in the hand of a mighty
they were all filled with the Holy Ghost-See Prince.

man ; so are children of the youth. Happy is the man that hath his
ALPHA and OMEGA, an appellation which Jesus Christ appropriates to quiver full of them. “The orientals are accustomed to call brave

himself; to denote that, as he is the Creator, so he will be the final and valiant sons the arrows and darls of their parents, because they
judge of all things.-Rev. i. 8. I am Alpha and Omega the begin. are able to defend them. To sharpen arrows, to make sharp arrows,
ning and the ending.

is, among them, to get brave and valiant sons.” [Burder's Oriental
AMEN.

Literature, vol. ii. p. 53.]
1. Truth and faithfulness; a title of Christ. Rev. iii. 14. Thus sailh | ASHES. See Dust and ASHES.

the Amen ; Truth, i.e. He who is true says, &c.
2. So be it: a form of wishing, approving, or praying at the end of a

sentence. Rom. i. 25. Gal. i. 5. Eph. iii. 21. Phil. iv. 20. 1 Tim. BABES.
i. 17. It was customary among the Jews, when the priests or other 1. Foolish and inexperienced princes.- Isa. iii. 4. I will give children
persons offered up prayers or praises to God in public, for the whole

to be their princes, and babes (or infants) shall rule over them. This
assembly to respond Amen. Numb. v. 22." This custom was minatory prediction was fully accomplished in the succession of
adopted by Christians; and in allusion to it Amen occurs in 1 Cor. weak and wicked princes who reigned over the kingdom of Judah
xiv. 16.

from the death of Josiah to the destruction of the city and temple,
ANGELS.

and the taking of Zedekiah, the last of them, captive by Nebuchad-
1. Angel of the LORD.— Jesus Christ.—Zech. i. 12. The angel of the

Lord answered and said .... See Lowth's Commentary, in loc. 2. Those who are weak in the Christian faith and knowledge, being
2. Those intellectual and immaterial Beings, whom the Almighty em- ignorant and inconstant, like infants.- 1 Cor. ii. 1. And 1, brethren,

ploys, as the ministers of his providence or of his judgments.--Rev. could not speak unto you... but as ... unto babes in Christ.
xv. 8. xvi. 1. Seven Angels.—xxii

. 8. I fell down to worship before Heb. v. 13. ' For he is a babe.
the feel of the angel, who showed me these things.
3. The presiding ministers or bishops of the church.—Rev. ii. 1. The

BABYLON.-Papal Rome with all her idolatrous rites.-Rev. xiv. 8.

Babylon is fallen. See also Rev. xvii. xviii.
angel of the church of Ephesus. See also ii. 8. 12. 18. ii. 1. 7. 14.

BALAAM, Doctrine, error, or way of.-A defection from true religion
4. Fallen Spirits.—Matt. xxv. 41. Everlasting fire prepared for the united with immoral and lascivious practices.- Rev. ii. 14. Thou
Devil and his Angels.

hast them that hold the doctrine of Balaam.-- Jude 11. They have

... sun greedily after the error of Balaam.—2 Pet. ii. 15. Following
1 Besides the authorities cited for particular words, this Index of the

the way of Balaam.
Prophetic or Symbolical Language of the Scriptures has been drawn up,

BALANCE
after

a careful perusal of the remarks on this subject by Sir Isaac New? 1. The known symbol of a strict observation of justice and fair deal.
ton, Bishops Lowth and Hurd, the Commentary of William Lowth on the ing. Prov. xi. 1. A false balance is abomination unto the Lord.-
Prophets, the Rev. William Jones's Key to the Language of Prophecy, Prov. xvi. 11. A just weight and balance are the Lord's. See also
Dr. Lancaster's admirable Symbolical Alphabetical Dictionary prefixed Job xxxi. 6.
of St. John, Robinson's Greek Lexicon to the New Testament, and Dr. 2. Joined with symbols, denoting the sale of corn and fruits by weight,
Woodhouse's Notes to his Translation of the Apocalypse. Those symbols,

it becomes the symbol of scarcity.--Lev. xxvi. 26. When I have
and interpretations of symbols, which have been the subject of contro

broken the staff of your bread; ten women shall bake your bread in
versy among some late writers on prophecy, are designedly omitted. one oven ; and they shall deliver you bread again by weight, and

nezzar.

ye shall eat and not be satisfied.—Ezek. iv. 16. They shall eat bread rolment, in the book of life, the names of those, who, like the good
by weight and with care.

Sardians, in a corrupted and supine society, shall preserve allegiance
Baldness. -Destruction.—Jer. xlvii. 5. Baldness is come upon Gaza. and a faithful discharge of their Christian duties. He will own
BASHAN. See KINE, Oaks.

them as his fellow-citizens, before men and angels. Matt. ix. 32.
BEAST.

Luke xii. 8. See also Psal. Ixix. 28. Ezek. xiii. 9. Exod. xxxii. 33.
1. A heathen kingdom or power of the earth.-Dan. vii. 17. These Dan. xii. 1. Mal. iii. 16. Luke x. 20.” [Dean Woodhouse on Rev.
great beasts, which are four, are four kings. See pp. 208–210. of

iii. 5.)
this volume.

BOTTLES.--The inhabitants of Jerusalem, whom God threatened to fill
2. The Papal antichrist.—Rev. xiii. 2. 12.

with the wine of terror.— Jer. xiii. 12. Every bottle shall be filled
Bed.-Great tribulation and anguish.—Rev. ii. 22. I will cast her into with wine.
2 bed. To be tormented in bed, where men seek rest, is peculiarly 1. Strength.—Job xxix. 20. My bow was renewed in my hand.

Bow
grievous. See Psal. vi. 6. xli. 3. Isa. xxviii. 20.
Bird of Prey:-A hostile army coming to prey upon a country.—Isa. 2. Victory.—Rev. vi. 2. He that sat on him had a bow; where it sig.
xlvi. 11. Calling a ravenous bird from the east; Cyrus and his

nifies the progress of the Gospel, which was assisted by sudden and
army. Compare Jer. xii. 9. Ezek. xxxii. 4. and xxxix. 17.

unexpected and miraculous aid and deliverance.
BITTER.--BITTERNESS.—AMiction, misery, and servitude.-Exod. i. BOWELS.Pity, compassion.-Luke i. 7, 8. Through the tender mercy
14. They made thrir lives bitter with hard bondage. See Jer. ix

(literally bowels of mercy) of our God.
15.Gall of bitterness. (Acts viii. 23.) A state offensive to God. Brass-Strength.—Psal. cvii. 16. He hath broken the gates of brass ;

BRANCH. See TREES, 3.
BLACK--BLACKNESS.-Affliction, disasters, and anguish.-- Jer. xiv. 2.

that is, the strong gates. See Isa. xlv. 2. In Jer. i. 18. and xv. 20.
Judah mourneth, and the gates thereof languish; they are black unto brazen walls signify a strong and lasting adversary and opposer.
the ground.—Joel ii. 6. All faces shall gather blackness.-Rev. vi. BREAD or Food.
5. Behold a black horse. The black colour of the horse in this 1. The word of God.—Deut. viii. 3. Matt. iv. 4. Man doth not (or
place indicates that the publication of the Gospel, at the time al-

shall not) live by bread only, but by every word that prcceedeth out
luded to, will, by way of punishment upon the heathens, for re- of the mouth of God.
fusing to hear it, be attended with great affliction. [Daubuz and 2. One bread. (1 Cor. x. 17.) The union of real Christians.
Woodhouse, in loc.)

BREATH. See Air.
BLESSING (Cup of.) See Cup, 2.
BLINDNESS. -—Want of understanding in divine wisdom.—Isa. xxix. 18. BRETHREN.- Christians united by their profession.— Rom. xii. 1. I
In that day .... the eyes of the blind shall see out of obscurity, and Briars.-Mischievous and hurtful persons. Isa. Iv. 13. Instead of
out of darkness.

the briar shall come up the myrtle-tree. See THORNS, 2.
Blood.

BRIDE.--The heavenly Jerusalem.--Rev. xxi. 9. The bride, the
1. Slaughter and mortality.—Isa. xxxiv. 3. The mounlains shall be Lamb's wife.
melted with blood. See Ezek. xxxii, 6.

BRIDEGROOM.-Christ, as the spouse of the church.-Rev. xxi. 9. See
2. Our natural descent from one common family:-And hath made of also Voice, 1.

one blood all nations of men, for to dwell on all the face of the earih. BRIMSTONE.
(Acts xvij. 26.) Flesh and blood is an expression, which signifies 1. Perpetual torment and destruction.--Job xviii. 15. Brimstone
the present naiural state of man, unaided by divine grace. When shall be scattered upon his habitation ; that is, his home or family
Paul was converted, he did not consult with flesh and blood. (Gal. i. shall be destroyed for ever by an inextinguishable fire. Compare
16.) When Peter declared his belief, that his Master was Christ, Isa. xxxiv. 9, 10. Rev. xiv. 10, &c.
the Son of the living God, Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed 2. Corrupt, infernal, and destructive doctrines. Rev. ix. 17. Out of
art thou, Simon Bar-Jona ; for fiesh and blood hath not revealed it their mouth issued fire and brimstone. See verse 18.
unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven. (Matt. xvi. 17.) We are Bulls.-Wicked, violent men.--Psal. xxii. 12. Many bulls have
assured that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God.

compassed me; strong (bulls) of Bashan have beset me round: that
(1 Cor. xv. 50.)

is, mine enemies, who are as furious and formidable as the bulls
3. Death. To resist unto blood, is to contend unto death. (Heb. xii. 4.) fed in the rich pastures of Bashan, beset me on every side.

When I passed by thee, and saw thee polluted in thine own blood, I BURNING. See Fire, 2.
said unto thee, when thou wast in thy blood, Live. (Ezek. xvi. 6.) To Buy. To attain in preference to earthly riches.-See Isa. Iv. 1. Prov.
shed blood is to murder; hence a cruel murderer is called a bloody xxiii. 13. Rey. iii. 18.
man. To give the wicked blood to drink, is to put into their hand
the cup of death. The metaphorical term is sometimes employed
in personification. What hasi thou done? said God to Cain. The Call--CALLED_CALLING.
voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto me from the ground, (Gen.iv. 1. That invitation which God holds out to men to come and enjoy the
10.) Ye are come to the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better

blessings which flow from a sincere reception of the Christian reli-
things than that of Abel. (Heb. xii. 21.)

gion. Eph. i. 18. That ye may know what is the hope of his calling:
4. The sufferings and death of Christ, considered as an atonement for that is, what is the nature of that hope, which those, who have

the souls of sinners Being justified by his blood, we shall be saved been invited into the divine kingdom, may properly indulge.
from wrath, through him. (Rom. v. 9.) The following expressions 2. To call to any duty; that is, to appoint, constitute, or choose. Gal.
in the New Testament are allusions to the typical blood, which was i. 15. Who called me, chose me, by his grace, viz. to be an apostle.
so plentifully shed under the Old. Christians are taught to reason; CANDLESTICK. See LAMP.
that if the blood of bulls, and of goats, and the ashes of an heiser CEDARS.
sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh ; how 1. Great men.-Zech. xi. 2. The cedar is fallen.
much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit 2. Cedars of Lebanon.--Kings, princes, and nobles of Judah. --- Isa. ir
offered himself without spot to God, purge your consciences from dead 13. The day of the Lord shall be .... upon all the cedars of Leba-
works lo serve the living God? (Heb. ix 13, 14.) God hath set forth
Jesus Christ to be a propitiation, that we may have faith in his 3. Top of the young twigs of cedars — The prime nobility and able
blood; that is, that we may believe in the efficacy of his atonement, soldiery.- Ezek. xvii. 4. He cropped off the top of the young twigs.
We have redemption through his blood ; even the forgiveness of sins, CHAFF.-Unprofitable and worthless men.-Psal. i. 4. The ungodly are
according to the riches of his grace. (Eph. i. 7.) We were not re- ... like the chaff, which the wind drivelh away.—Matt. iii. 14. He
deemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, but with the will burn up the chaff

with unquenchable fire.
precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish, and without Chain-Bondage or affliction.-Lam. iii. Ž. He hath made my chain
spot. (1 Peter i. 18, 19.) In the Scriptures, the blood of Christ is heavy.
sometimes represented as the procuring cause of our justification. Child, CHILDREN.
Much more being justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath 1. Those who have received their religous knowledge, character,
through him. (Rom. v. 9.) The term blood, when used in this sense, education, &c. from any one: 1. e. a beloved disciple. 2 Tim. i. 2.
means the merits of Christ's atonement. But in other passages, our Timothy, my dearly beloved child.
sanctification is imputed to the blood of Christ. How much more 2. Children joined with the names of cities denote their inhabitants or
shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered him- citizens. Matt. xxiii. 37. O Jerusalem ..... how often, would I
self withoul spol to God, purge your conscience from dead works, to have gathered thy children. See also Luke xiij. 34. xix. 44. Gal.
serve the living God? (Heb. ix. 14.) The saints are represented as iv. 25.
walking in white; because they had washed their robes in the 3. Children of God; those whom he regards with parental affection,
blood of the Lamb. (Rev. vii. 14.) The term blood, when used in and on whom he bestows peculiar favour. John i. 12. As many as
this figurative sense, evidently signified the doctrines of the cross ; received him, to them he gave the privilege to become the children of
which are the great mean of purifying the believer's heart. Now God.
ye are clean, said Christ to his disciples, through the word, which I 4. Children of God and children of the devil, in 1 John iii. 10., are
have spoken unto you. (John xv. 3.).

those who resemble God, and those who resemble Satan.
5. Blood of the covenant.--(Matt. xxvi. 28.) The blood of Christ, who CIRCUMCISION.-An engagement like that of baptism, to renounce the
died in consequence of a covenant to redeem sinners.

flesh and circumcise the heart.-Deut. x. 16. Circumcise therefore
Body.-A society; the church, with its different members.- 1 Cor. the foreskin of your heart.--Deut. xxx. 6. The Lord thy God shall
xii. 20—27.

circumcise thine heart.-Rom. ii. 29. Circumcision is that of the
Book of Life.-Rev. iii. 5. I will not blot out his name out of the Book heart.

of Life. “As, in states and cities, those who obtained freedom and Clay in the hands of the potter.—Man in the hands of his Creator.--
followship, were enrolled in the public register, which enrolment Isa. xliv. 8. Now, O LORD, thou art our Father ; we are the clay;
was their title to the privileges of citizens, so the King of heaven, and thou our potter, and we are all the work of thy hand. See also
of the New Jerusalem, engages to preserve in his register and en- Rom. ix. 21.

non.

p. 21.

Clouds.-Multitudes and armies.— Jer. iv. 13. He shall come up as they arise. Awake and sing, ye that dwell in dust, for thy dew is as

clouds.- Isa. lx. 8. Who are those, that fly as a cloud ?-Heb. xii. 1. the dew of herbs, and the earth shall cast out the dead.
A cloud of witnesses.

Dog.
COLD. Inconstant in affections, purpose, and conduct; destitute of 1. The Gentiles.—The bad properties of dogs are obstinate barking,
fervent piety and holy zeal. Rev. iii. 15, 16.

biting, insatiable gluttony, filıhiness in lust, vomiting, and returning
COLUMN. "See PILLAR.

to their vomit. (Compare Prov. xxi. 11. 2 Pet. ii. 22.) Hence the
CORNER-STONE. Jesus Christ, who is compared to a corner-stone in Gentiles, on account of the impurity of their lives, and their being
three points of view; viz.

without the covenant, were called dogs by the Jews.—Matt xv. 26
1. As this stone lies at the foundation, and serves to give support and It is not meet to take the children's bread and cast it to dogs.-Psal.

strength to the building, so Christ, or the doctrine of a Saviour, is xxij. 16. Dogs have compassed me, the assembly of the wicked have
called the chief corner-stone in Eph. ii. 20.; because this doctrine is inclosed me.
the most important feature of the Christian religion, and is the 2. A watchman, for his vigilance to give notice of approaching
fundamental object of all the precepts given by the apostles and danger.- Isa. Ivi. 10. His witchmen are blind, they are all ignorant
other Christian teachers.

they are all dumb dogs, they cannot bark.
2. As the corner-stone occupies an important and conspicuous place, 3. Impudent, shameless persons, and false teachers.—Rev. xxii. 15

Jesus is compared to it in 1 Pet. ii. 6., because God has made him Without are dogs.-Phil. iii. 2. Beware of dogs.
highly esteemed (or precious,) and has advanced him to a dignity DOMINION.
and conspicuousness above all others.

1. Power.—Neh. ix. 28. They had dominion over them.
3. Since men often stumble against a projecting corner-stone, Christ 2. Persons over whom another has power.—Psal. cxiv. 2. Israel wr.

is therefore so called (Psal. cxviii. 22. Matt. xxi. 42. and parallel his dominion.
passages,) because his Gospel will be the cause of aggravated con- 3. Angels.-Col. i. 16. By him were created.. .... dominions.
demnation to those who wilfully reject it. (Robinson's Lexicon, 4. The universal government of Almighty God.—Dan. vii. 14. His

dominion is an everlasting dominion.
Cross.

Door.
1. The doctrine of the cross, that is, of Christ crucified. The cross of 1. Door opened in heaven. The beginning of a new kind of govern-

Christ, the preaching of the cross, occur in this sense in 1 Cor. i. 17, ment-Rev. iv. 1. I looked, and, behold, a door (was) opened in
18. See also Gal. v. 11. vi. 12. 14. Phil. iii. 18.

heaven.
2. To take up or bear one's cross, that is, to be ready to undergo the 2. An open door.—The free exercise and propagation of the Gospel.-

severest trials, or to expose one's self to the most imminent dangers. 1 Cor. xvi. 9. A great door and effectual is opened unto me. See
Matt. x. 38. xvi. 24. Mark viii. 34. x. 21. Luke ix. 23. xiv. 27. also 2 Cor. ii. 12. Col. iv. 3. Acis xiv. 27.
Crown of Life, a triumphant immortality.- Rev. ii. 10. Be thou Dragon.
faithful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of life.

1. A symbol of a king that is an enemy.-In Ezek. xxix. 3. it means the
Cup.

king of Egypt, so also in Psal. Ixxiv. 13.
1. The blessings and favours of God.—Psal. xxiii. 5. My cup runnelh 2. Satan acting and ruling by his visible ministers.—Rev. xii. 9. Be-

over. The cup of salvation, in Psal. cxvi. 13., is a cup of thanks- hold, a great red dragon, &c.
giving, or blessing the Lord for all his mercies.

3. Any hurtful thing.–Psal. xci. 13. The

young lion and the dragon
2. The Cup of blessing.—The paschal cup was called by the Jews the shalt thou trample under fool.

Cup of blessing, because they sanctified it by giving thanks to God DRUNK—DRUNKENNESS.
for it. To this Saint Paul alludes in 1. Cor. x. 16. when he terms the 1. The symbol of the folly and madness of sinners, who, making no
sacrimental cup the cup of blessing.

use of their reason, plunge themselves in all manner of crimes.-
3. Afflictions or sufferings, the effects of the wrath of God.-Isa. li. 17. Isa. xxviii. 1. 3. Woe to the drunkards of Ephraim .......... The

Stand up, O Jerusalem, which hast drunk at the hand of the LORD drunkards of Ephraim shall be trodden under feet.
the cup of his furyThou hast drunken the dregs of the cup of 2. That stupidity, which arises from God's judgments; when the sin-
trembling. See WINE, 2.

ner is under the consternation of his misery, as one astonished, stag-
gering, and not knowing what to do.- Isa. xxix. 9. They are drunken,
but not with wine ; they stagger, but not with strong drink.—Isa. li. 21.

Thon afflicted and drunken, but not with wine. See also Jer. xii
DARKNESS.

13, 14. and Lam. jii. 15.
1. Sin and ignorance.—Rom. xiii. 12. Let us cast off the works of Dust and Ashes.—Mortal man, under death and condemnation.-
darkness.

Gen. xviii. 27. I have taken upon me to speak unto the LORD, which
2. Affliction, misery, and adversity - Jer. xiii. 16. Give glory to the am but dust and ashes.-Gen. ii. 19. Dust thou art, and to dust shall

LORD your God, before he cause darkness. See Ezek. xxx. 18. thou return. See Job xlii. 6.

xxxiv. 12.
3. Darkness of the sun, moon, and stars. General darkness and de.

ficiency in the government.—Isa. xiii. 10. The stars of heaven, and
the constellations thereof, shall not give their light; the sun shall be EAGLE.
darkened in his going forth, and the moon shall not

cause her light 1. A king or kingdom.-Ezek. xvii. A great eagle, with great wings
to shine. See Ezek. xxxii. 7. and Joel ii. 10. 31. iii. 15.

long winged, full of feathers, which had divers colours, came to Leba
Day.

non: that is, Nebuchadnezzar. The divers colours refer to the
1. A year, in prophetical language.—Ezek. iv. 6. Thou shalt bare various nations that composed the Babylonian empire.
the iniquity of the house of Judah forty days; I have appointed thee | 2. The Roman army, whose ensigns or standards were eagles.—Matt.
cach day for a year. See also Isa. xx. 3. (Bp. Lowth's version and xxiv. 28. Wheresoever the carcase is, there will the eagles be gathered
notes.)-Rev. ii. 10. Ye shall have tribulation ten days.

together. See WINGS.
2. An appointed time or season.—Isa. xxxiv. 8. It is the day of the 3. Eagles' Wings:- To be borne on eagles' wings signifies divine,
LORD's vengeance. See also Isa. Ixiii. 4.

miraculous deliverance. Who can pursue the eagle throngh the
3. A state of truth, hope, and knowledge.-1. Thess. v. 5. Ye are all air, and take from him what is committed to his charge? Exod.
children of the light, and children of the day.

xix. 4. Psal. xci. 4. Isa. xl. 31. Rev. xii. 14.
DEATH.

EARTHEN Vessel.— The body of man.-2. Cor. iv. 7. We have this
i The separation of the soul from the body.-Gen. xxv. 11. After treasure in earthen vessels.

the death of Abraham, &c. This is temporal or the first death, EARTHQUAKES.-Great revolutions or changes in the political world.-
which is the common lot of man by the divine sentence. (Gen. iii. Joel ii. 10. The earth shall quake before them. See also Haggai ii.
19.) The

21. Heb. xii. 26.
2. Second death (beyond the grave) is the eternal separation of the Egypt.-A mystical name of wickedness. Rev. xi. 8. Their dead

whole man from the presence and glory of God; not only an ex- bodies (shall lie) in the streel of the great cily, which spiritually is
tinction of all our pleasurable feelings, and of all our hopes of hap- called Sodom and Egypt.
piness, but an ever-during sense of this extinction, "where the ELDERS (the twenty-four.) Probably such of the Patriarchs and Pro-
worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched."-Rev. ii. 11. He phets of the old church, as saw by faith the day of redemption and
that overcometh shall not be hurt of the second death.

rejoiced ; and who are expressly termed Elders (spor Burspos) in
3. The state of a soul insensible of sin and corruption, and destitute of Heb. xi. 2.-Rev. iv. 10. T'he four and twenty elders fall down be-

the spirit of life.-Jude 12. Twice dead. - Rev. iii. 1. Thou.... fore him that liveth for ever. [See Dean Woodhouse on Rev. iv.
art dead.

10.)
4. A state of mortification, death unto sin, and crucifixion with Christ.- Eyes admit of various interpretations, according to circumstances.

Rom. vi. 8. He that is dead, is freed from sin.—1 Pet. ii. 24. Who I. As applied to the Almighty, they denote,
his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we being 1. His knowledge and prescience. -Prov. xv. 3. His eye is in every
dead to sin, should live to righteousness.

place to behold good and evil. See Psal. xi. 4.
DESERT.

2. His watchful providence.—Psal. xxxiv. 15. The eyes of the LORD
Desert of the Sea.-Babylon.- Isa. xxi. 1. The burden of the desert are upon the righteous.
of the sea. Babylon and the adjacent country is so called, because II. As applied to Jesus Christ they signify his omnipresence.-Rev. v.
it was shortly to become desert, and a marsh full of pools of water, 6. In the midst of the elders stood a lamb, having....seven eyes. [See
as if converted into a lake or inland sea. The country about Dean Woodhouse, in loc.)
Babylon, and especially below it towards the sea, was a great flat HI. As applied to Men, the eyes denote,
morass, often overflowed by the Euphrates and Tigris. (Bp. Lowth 1. The understanding, which is as it were the eye of the soul.-Psal.
and Dr. Scott, in loc.)

cxix. 18. Open thou mine eyes.
Dew upon Herbs. — The blessing of Heaven, and the power of the 2. A guide or counseller.-Job xxix. 15. I was eyes to the blind.

resurrection.—Hos. xiv. 5. I will he as the dew unto Israel. - 18. 3. The whole man.-Rev. i. 7. Every eye shall see him ; that is, all
xxvi. 19. Thy dead men shall live; together with my dead body shall

men.

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