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xvi. 16. 1 Kings i. 2—4. 2 Kings viii. 29. ix. 15. Isa. i. 6. the characteristic symptom of which is patches of smoota Jer. viii. 22. Ezek. xxx. 21. The probable reason of king laminated scales, of different sizes and of a circular form. Asa's not seeking help from God, but from the physicians, as This disease was not peculiar to the Israelites, but anciently mentioned in 2 Chron. xvi. 12., was, that they had not at was endemic in Palestine, as it still is in Egypt and other that period recourse to the simple medicines which nature countries. In the admirable description of the cutaneous offered, but to certain superstitious rites and incantations; and affections to which the Israelites were subject after their dethis, no doubt, was the ground of the reflection which was parture from Egypt, given by Moses in the thirteenth chapcast upon him. About the time of Christ, the Hebrew phy. ter of the book of Leviticus, there are three which distinctly sicians both made advancements in science, and increased in belong to the leprosy. All of them are distinguished by the numbers. It appears from the Talmud, that the Hebrew name of nana (BEHRWT), or “ bright spot;" viz. physicians were accustomed to salute the sick by saying, i. The pna (BOHAK), which imports brightness but in a * Ärise from your disease.This salutation had a miraculous subordinate degree, being a dull white spot: it is not contaeffect in the mouth of Jesus. (Mark v. 41.). According to gious, and does not render a person unclean, or make it the Jerusalem Talmud, a sick man was judged to be in a necessary that he should be confined. Michaelis describes way of recovery, who began to take his usual food. (Com- a case of bohak from the traveller Niebuhr, in which the pare Mark v. 43.). The ancients were accustomed to attri- spots were not perceptibly elevated above the skin, and did bute the origin of diseases, particularly of those whose natural not change the colour of the hair: the spots in this species causes they did not understand, to the immediate interference of leprosy do not appear on the hands or abdomen, but on the of the Deity. Hence they were denominated, by the ancient neck and face they gradually spread, and continue sometimes Greeks, Mártige, or the scourges of God, a word which is only about two months, though in some cases as long as two employed in the New Testament by the physician Luke him- years, when they gradually disappear of themselves. This self (vii. 21.), and also in Mark v. 29. 34.3

disorder is neither infectious nor hereditary, nor does it occaII. Concerning the remedies actually employed by the sion any inconvenience. Jews few particulars are certainly known. 'Wounds were ii. Two species called nyns (TSORAT), that is, venom or bound up, after applying oil to them (Ezek. xxx. 21. Isa. i. malignity, víz, the nuas nona (Behrat lebena), or bright 6.), or pouring in a liniment composed of oil and wine (Luke white behrat (Lev. xiii. 38, 39.), nna nana (Behrat cecha), x. 34.), oil being mollifying and healing, while wine would dark or dusky behrat, spreading in the skin. (Lev. xiii. 3.) be cleansing and somewhat astringent. Herod was let down Both these are contagious; in other words, render the perinto a bath of oil. Great use was made of the celebrated son affected with it unclean, and exclude him from society. balm of Gilead. (Jer. viii. 22. xlvi. 11. li. 8.) The com- (1.) In the behrat cecha (the Leprosis Lepriasis nigricans parison in Prov. iii. 8. is taken from the plasters, oils, and of Dr. Good's nosological system) the natural colour of the frictions, which, in the East, are still employed on the abdo- hair, which in Egypt and Palestine is black, is not changed, men and stomach in most maladies: the people in the vil- as Moses repeatedly states, nor is there any depression of lages being ignorant of the art of making decoctions and the dusky spot, while the patches, instead of keeping stapotions, and of the doses proper to be administered, generally tionary to their first size, are perpetually enlarging

their make use of external medicines. When Jesus Christ autho- boundary. The patient labouring under this form of the rized his apostles to heal the sick (Matt. x. 8.), the evangelist disease was pronounced unclean by the Hebrew priest, Mark relates that they anointed with oil many that were sick, and, consequently, was sentenced to a separation from his and healed them. (ví. 13.), From the expressions in Prov. family and friends: whence there is no doubt of its having iii. 18. xi. 30. xiii. 12. and xv. 4. Calmet thinks it pruba- proved contagious. Though a much severer malady than ble that the Jews had salutary herbs and plants which they the common leprosy, it is far less so than the species called the tree of life, and which we should now call medi- described in the ensuing paragraph; and on this account it cinal herbs and plants, in opposition to such as are poisonous is dismissed by Moses with a comparatively brief notice. and dangerous, which they call the tree of death. Some (2.) The behrat lebena, (Ltprosis Lepriusis candida, or modern neologian expositors have imagined, that the Pool of leuce of Dr. Good's Nosology,) or bright white leprosy, is Bethesda at Jerusalem was a bath, the waters of which de- by far the most serious and obstinate of all the forms which rived their sanative power from the entrails of the victims the disease assumes. The pathognomonic characters, dwelt offered in sacrifice being washed therein (John v. 2—7.), upon by Moses in deciding it, are "a glossy white and and that by the angel was simply intended a man, who spreading scale upon an elevated base, the elevation depresswas sent to stir up from the bottom the corrupt ediment; ed in the middle, but without a change of colour, the black which being distributed through the water, the pores of the hair on the patches, which is the natural colour of the hair person who bathed in it were penetrated by this matter, and in Palestine, participating in the whiteness, and the patches his disorder repelled. “But this is a miserable evasion, to themselves perpetually widening their outline.” Several get rid of the power and goodness of God, built on the of these characters taken separately belong to other lesions merest conjecture, [and] self-contradictions, and every way or blemishes of the skin, and, therefore, none of them were as unlikely as it is insupportable. It has never yet been to be taken alone; and it was only when the whole of them proved, thăt the sacrifices were ever washed; and, could even concurred that the Jewish priest, in his capacity of physithis be proved, who can show that they were washed in the cian, was to pronounce the disease a tsorat, or malignant Pool of Bethesda ? These waters healed a man in a moment leprosy. of whatsoever disease he had. Now, there is no one cause *Common as this form of leprosy was among the Hebrews, under heaven can do this. Had only one kind of disorder during and subsequent to their residence in Egypt, we have been cured here, there might have been some countenance no reason to believe that it was a family complaint, or even for this deistical conjecture—but this is not the case; and we known amongst them antecedently: whence there is little are obliged to believe the relation just as it stands, and thus doubt, notwithstanding the confident assertions of Manetho acknowledge the sovereign power and mercy of God, or to the contrary, that they received the infection from the take the desperate flight of an infidel, and thus get rid of Egyptians, instead of communicating it to them. Their the passage altogether."

subjugated and distressed state, however, and the peculiar III. Various diseases are mentioned in the Sacred Writ- nature of their employment, must have rendered them very ings, as cancers, consumption, dropsy, fevers, lunacy, &c. liable to this as well as to various other blemishes and Concerning a few disorders, the nature of which has exer- misaffections of the skin: in the productions of which there cised the critical acumen of physicians as well as divines, are no causes more active or powerful than a depressed state the following observations may be satisfactory to the reader. of body or mind, hard labour under a burning sun, the body

1. Of all the maladies mentioned in the Scriptures, the constantly covered with the excoriating dust of brick-fields most formidable is the disorder of the skin, termed LEPROSY,"scales

, so as to give it the appearance of snow. Hence the hand of Moses · Mark v. 26. Luke iv. 23. v. 31. viii. 43. Josephus, Antiq. Jud. lib. lave become leprous, while us snow (Num. xii. 10.); and Gehazi, when xvii. c. 6. $ 5.

struck judicially with the disease of Naaman, is recorried to have gone out 9 Schabbath, p. 110. See also Lightfoot's Horæ Hebraicæ on Mark from the presence of Elisha, a leper, as white as snow. (2 Kings v. 27.) Dr. 3 Jahn, Archæol. Biblica, by Upham, SS 105. 184. Pareau, Antiq. Hebr. 8 For this account of the leprosy, the author is almost wholly indebted

to the late Dr. Good's Study of Medicine, vol. v. pp. 587–597. 21 edition. Josephus, Bell. Jud. lib. i. c. 33. $5.

. Michaelis's Commentaries on the Laws of Moscs, vol. iii. pp. 233, 234. Bp. Lowth's Isaiah, vol. ii. p. 10.

“That all this,” he adds," with equal force and truth, should still be found . Dr. A. Clarke's Coinmentary on John v.3.

exactly to hold, at the distance of 3500 years from the time of Mosos, 1 This dreadful disorder has its name from the Greek Asmp4, from 1ses, ought certainly to gain some credit to his laws, even with those who will a scule because in this

disease the body was often covered with thin white I not allow them to be of divine authority.” (p. 234

V. 41.

A. Clarke on Lev. xiii. 1.

pp. 164. 166.

and an impoverished diet; to all of which the Israelites and show himself to the priests, that he might be declared were exposed, whilst under the Egyptian bondage. clean, and offer the sacrifice enjoined in that case; and,

It appears, also, from the Mosaic account, that in conse- when purified, that he might be again admitted into civil quence of these hardships there was, even after the Israelites society., (Matt. viii. 4. Lev. xiv. 11–32.). had quitted Egypt, a general predisposition to the contagious (7.) Lastly, As this disease was so offensive to the Israelform of leprosy, so that it often occurred as a consequence ites, God commanded them to use frequent ablutions, and of various other cutaneous affections. Eight different ble- prohibited them from eating swine's flesh and other articles mishes in the skin, which had a tendency to terminate in of animal food that had a tendency to produce this disease. this terrible disease, are enumerated by Moses, and describ- The peculiar lustrations which a person who had been ed by Dr. Good, to whose elaborate treatise the reader is healed of a leprosy was to undergo are detailed in Lev. xiv. referred. The effects of leprosy, as described by travellers - See an abstract of them in p. 134. of this volume. who have witnessed the disorder in its most virulent forms, 2. The DISEASE with which the patriarch Job was afflicted are truly deplorable. The Mosaic statutes respecting leprosy (ii. 7.) has greatly exercised the ingenuity of commentators, are recorded in Lev. xiii

. and xiv. Num. v. 1–4. and Deut. who have supposed it to be the contagious leprosy, the small xxiv. 8, 9. They are in substance as follows:

pox, and the ELEPHANTIASIS, or Leprosy of the Arabians. (1.) On the appearance of any one of the cutaneous affections The last opinion is adopted by Drs. Mead and Good, and by above noticed on any person, the party was to be inspected Michaelis, and appears to be best supported. This dreadful by a priest, both as acting in a judicial capacity, and also as malady, which the ancient medical writer Paul of Ægineta being skilled in medicine. The signs of the disease, which has accurately characterized as an universal ulcer, was named are circumstantially pointed out in the statute itself, accord elephantiasis by the Greeks, from its rendering the skin of with those which have been noticed by modern physicians. the patient like that of an elephant, scabrous and dark co* If, on the first inspection, there remained any doubt as to loured, and furrowed all over with tubercles, loathsome the spot being really a symptom of leprosy, the suspected alike to the individual and to the spectators. When it attains person was shut up for seven days, in order that it might be j a certain height, as it appears to have done in this instance, ascertained, whether it spread, disappeared, or remained as it is incurable, and, consequently, affords the unhappy patient it was; and this confinement might be repeated. During no prospect but that of long-continued misery. this time, it is probable that means were used to remove the 3. The DISEASE OF THE PHILISTINES, mentioned in 1 Sam. spot. If in the mean time it spread, or continued as it was, v. 6. 12. and vi. 17., has been supposed to be the dysentery; without becoming paler, it excited a strong suspicion of real but it was most probably the hæmorrhoids or bleeding, piles, leprosy, and the person inspected was declared unclean. If in a very aggravated degree. Jahn, however, considers it it disappeared, and after his liberation became again manifest, as the effect of the bite of venomous solpugas. a fresh inspection took place.

4. The DISEASE OF Saul (1 Sam. xvi. 14.) appears to (2.) "The unclean were separated from the rest of the have been a true madness, of the melancholic or attrabilapeople. So early as the second year of the Exodus, lepers rious kind, as the ancient physicians termed it; the fits of were obliged to reside without the camp (Num. v. 11.); which returned on the unhappy monarch at uncertain periods, and so strictly was this law enforced, that the sister of Moses as is frequently the case in this sort of malady. The remedy herself, becoming leprous, was expelled from it. (Num. applied, in the judgment of experienced physicians, was an xii. 14-16.) When the Israelites came into their own land, extremely proper one, viz. playing on the harp. The chaand lived in cities, the spirit of the law thus far operated, racter of the modern oriental music is expression, rather that lepers were obliged to reside in a separate place, which than science: and it may be easily conceived how well was called (nowonma) BETH CHOPHSCHITH, or the house of adapted the unstudied and artless strains of David were to uncleanness; and from this seclusion not even kings, when soothe the perturbed mind of Saul; which strains were bold they became leprous, were exempted. (2 Kings xv. 5.) and free from his courage, and sedate through his piety. As, however, a leper cannot always be within doors, and 5. The DISEASE OF JEHORAM KING OF ISRAEL.—This may, consequently, sometimes meet clean persons, he as sovereign, who was clothed with the double infamy of being obliged, in the first place, to make himself known by his at once an idolater and the murderer of his brethren, was dress, and to go about with torn clothes, a bare head, and diseased internally for two years, as had been predicted by his chin covered ; and in the next place, when any one came the prophet Elijah; and his bowels are said at last to have too near him, to cry out that he was Unclean. (Num. xiii. fallen out by reason of his sickness. (2 Chron. xxi. 12–15. 45, 46.)”.

18, 19.) This disease, Dr. Mead says, beyond all doubt (3.) Although a leper, merely meeting and touching a was the dysentery, and though its continuance so long a person, could not have immediately infected him, yet, as time was very uncommon, it is by no means a thing unheard such a rencontre and touch would have rendered him Leviti- of. The intestines in time become ulcerated by the operaeally unclean, in order to prevent leprosy from spreading, in tion of this disease. Not only blood is discharged from consequence of close communication, “ it was an established them, but a sort of mucous excrements likewise is thrown rule to consider a leprous person as likewise unclean in a off, and sometimes small pieces of the flesh itself; so that Levitical or civil sense; and, consequently, whoever touched apparently the intestines are emitted or fall out, which is him, became also unclean; not indeed medically or physi- sufficient to account for the expressions that are used in the cally so, that is, infected by one single touch,—but still statement of king Jehoram's disease. unclean in a civil sense.

6. The DISEASE WITH WHICH HEZEKIAH WAS AFFLICTED (4.) “ On the other hand, however, for the benefit of those (2 Kings xx. 7. Isa. xxxviii. 21.) has been variously supfound clean, the law itself specified those who were to be posed to be a pleurisy, the plague, the elephantiasis, and pronounced free from the disorder; and such persons were the quinsey. But Dr. Mead is of opinion that the malady then clear of all reproach, until they again fell under accusa- was a fever which terminated in an abscess; and for protion from manifest symptoms of infection. The man who, moting its suppuration a cataplasm of figs was admirably on the first inspection, was found clean, or in whom the adapted. The case of Hezekiah, however, indicates not supposed symptoms of leprosy disappeared during confine- only the limited

knowledge of the Jewish physicians at that inent, was declared clean: only, in the latter case, he was time, but also that though God can cure by a miracle, yet obliged to have his clothes washed. If, again, he had he also gives sagacity to discover and apply the most natural actually had the disorder, and got rid of it, the law required remedies.? him to make certain offerings, in the course of which he was 7. Concerning the nature of NEBUCHADNEZZAR'S MALADY pronounced clean.” 2

(Dan. iv. 25, 26. 31–33.) learned men are greatly divided, (5.) The leprous person was to use every effort in his but the most probable account of it is that given by Dr. power to be healed; and, therefore, was strictly to follow Mead; who remarks that all the circumstances of it

, as the directions of the priests. This, Michaelis is of opiníon, related by Daniel, so perfectly agree with hypochondriacal may fairly be inferred from Deut. xxiv. 8.

madness, that to him it appears evident that Nebuchadnezzar (6.) When healed of his leprosy, the person was to go was seized with this distemper, and under its influence ran every sort of madness is a disease of a disturbed imagina- | known to require any explanation. Physicians confess it to tion; under which this unhappy man laboured full seven be a disorder which is very difficult of cure. (Mark v. 26.)6 years. And through neglect of taking proper care of him- How does this circumstance magnify the benevolent miracle, self, his hair and nails grew to an excessive length; by wrought by Jesus Christ on a woman who had laboured which the latter, growing thicker and crooked, resembled the under it for twelve years !

wild into the fields; and that fancying himself transformed • Mr. Barker, the agent of the British and Foreign Bible Society, when into an ox, he fed on grass in the manner of cattle. For at Damascus in the year 1825, describing the hospital of Christian lepers, says, “How alllicting was their situation and appearance! Some were : Mead's Medica Sacra, pp. 1–11. (London, 1755.) Good's translation of without noses and fingers, being eaten up by the disease, and others were Job, p. 22. differently disfigured." Twenty-sixth Report of the Bible Society, App. * Archæol. Bibl. § 185.

3 Mead's Medica Sacra, p. 20–33.

& Mead's Medica Sacra, p. 35. Jahn's Archæol. Bibl. § 187. Michaelis's Commentaries, vol. iii. pp. 278-297..

+ Medica Sacra, p. 37.

P. 111.

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xvi. 16. 1 Kings i. 2-4. 2 Kings viii. 29. ix. 15. Isa. i. 6. the characteristic symptom of which is patches of smooth Jer. viii. 22. Ezek. xxx. 21. The probable reason of king laminated scales, of different sizes and of a circular form. Asa's not seeking help from God, but from the physicians, as | This disease was not peculiar to the Israelites, but anciently mentioned in 2 Chron. xvi. 12., was, that they had not at was endemic in Palestine, as it still is in Egypt and other that period recourse to the simple medicines which nature countries. In the admirable description of the cutaneous offered, but to certain superstitious rites and incantations; and affections to which the Israelites were subject after their dethis, no doubt, was the ground of the reflection which was parture from Egypt, given by Moses in the thirteenth chapcast upon him. About the time of Christ, the Hebrew phy- ter of the book of Leviticus, there are three which distinctly sicians both made advancements in science, and increased in belong to the leprosy. All of them are distinguished by the numbers. It appears from the Talmud,2 that the Hebrew name of nona (BCHrar), or “bright spot;".viz. physicians were accustomed to salute the sick by saying, i. The pna (BOHAK), which imports brightness but in a * Ärise from your disease.” This salutation had a miraculous subordinate degree, being a dull white spot: it is not contaeffect in the mouth of Jesus. (Mark v. 41.). According to gious, and does not render a person unclean, or make it the Jerusalem Talmud, a sick man was judged to be in a necessary that he should be confined. Michaelis describes way of recovery, who began to take his usual food. (Com- a case of bohak from the traveller Niebuhr, in which the pare Mark v. 43.). The ancients were accustomed to attri- spots were not perceptibly elevated above the skin, and did bute the origin of diseases, particularly of those whose natural not change the colour of the hair: the spots in this species causes they did not understand, to the immediate interference of leprosy do not appear on the hands or abdomen, but on the of the Deity. Hence they were denominated, by the ancient neck and face they gradually spread, and continue sometimes Greeks, Martiges, or the scourges of God, a word which is only about two months, though in some cases as long as two employed in the New Testament by the physician Luke him- years, when they gradually disappear of themselves. This self (vii. 21.), and also in Mark v. 29. 31.3

disorder is neither infectious nor hereditary, nor does it occaII. Concerning the remedies actually employed by the sion any inconvenience. Jews few particulars are certainly known. Wounds were ii. Two species called nyas (TSORAT), that is, venom or bound up, after applying oil to them (Ezek. xxx. 21. Isa. i. malignity, víz, the muas nana (Behrat lebena), or bright 6.), or pouring in a liniment composed of oil and wine (Luke white behrat (Lev. xiii. 38, 39.), ano nana (BHRAT cecha), x. 34.), oil being mollifying and healing,

while wine would dark or dusky behrat, spreading in the skin. (Lev. xiii. 3.) be cleansing and somewhat astringent. Herod was let down Both these are contagious; in other words, render the perinto a bath of oil. Great use was made of the celebrated son affected with it unclean, and exclude him from society. balm of Gilead. (Jer. viii. 22. xlvi. 11. li. 8.) The com- (1.) In the behrat cecha (the Leprosis Lepriasis nigricans parison in Prov. iii. 8. is taken from the plasters, oils, and of Dr. Good's nosological system) the natural colour of the frictions, which, in the East, are still employed on the abdo- hair, which in Egypt and Palestine is black, is not changed, men and stomach in most maladies: the people in the vil- as Moses repeatedly states, nor is there any depression of lages being ignorant of the art of making decoctions and the dusky spot, while the patches, instead of keeping stapotions, and of the doses proper to be administered, generally tionary to their first size, are perpetually enlarging their make use of external medicines. When Jesus Christ autho- boundary. The patient labouring under this form of the rized his apostles to heal the sick (Matt. x. 8.), the evangelist disease was pronounced unclean by the Hebrew priest, Mark relates that they anointed with oil many that were sick, and, consequently, was sentenced to a separation from his and healed them. (ví. 13.), From the expressions in Prov. family and friends: whence there is no doubt of its having iii. 18. xi. 30. xiii. 12. and xv. 4. Calmet thinks it proba- proved contagious. Though a much severer malady than ble that the Jews had salutary herbs and plants which they the common leprosy, it is far less so than the species called the tree of life, and which we should now call medi- described in the ensuing paragraph; and on this account it cinal herbs and plants, in opposition to such as are poisonous is dismissed by Moses with a comparatively brief notice. and dangerous, which they call the tree of death. Some (2.) The behrat lebena, (Leprosis Lepriusis candida, or modern neologian expositors have imagined, that the Pool of leuce of Dr. Good's Nosology,) or bright white leprosy, is Bethesda at Jerusalem was a bath, the waters of which de- by far the most serious and obstinate of all the forms which rived their sanative power from the entrails of the victims the disease assumes. The pathognomonic characters, dwelt offered in sacrifice being washed therein (John v. 2—7.), upon by Moses in deciding it, are “a glossy white and and that by the angel was simply intended a man, who spreading scale upon an elevated base, the elevation depresswas sent to stir up from the bottom the corrupt ediment; sed in the middle, but without a change of colour, the black which being distributed through the water, the pores of the hair on the patches, which is the natural colour of the hair person who bathed in it were penetrated by this matter, and in Palestine, participating in the whiteness, and the patches his disorder repelled. “ But this is a miserable evasion, to themselves perpetually widening their outline.” Several get rid of the power and goodness of God, built on the of these characters taken separately belong to other lesions merest conjecture, [and] self-contradictions, and every way or blemishes of the skin, and, therefore, none of them were as unlikely as it is insupportable. It has never yet been to be taken alone; and it was only when the whole of them proved, that the sacrifices were ever washed ; and, could even concurred that the Jewish priest, in his capacity of physithis be proved, who can show that they were washed in the cian, was to pronounce the disease a tsorat, or malignant Pool of Bethesda ? These waters healed a man in a moment leprosy. of whatsoever disease he had. Now, there is no one cause Common as this form of leprosy was among the Hebrews, under heaven can do this. Had only one kind of disorder during and subsequent to their residence in Egypt, we have been cured here, there might have been some countenance no reason to believe that it was a family complaint, or even for this deistical conjecture—but this is not the case; and we known amongst them antecedently: whence there is little are obliged to believe the relation just as it stands, and thus doubt, notwithstanding the confident assertions of Manetho acknowledge the sovereign power and mercy of God, or to the contrary, that they received the infection from the take the desperate flight of an infidel, and thus get rid of Egyptians, instead of communicating it to them. Their the passage altogether.”

subjugated and distressed state, however, and the peculiar III. Various diseases are mentioned in the Sacred Writ- nature of their employment, must have rendered them very ings, as cancers, consumption, dropsy, fevers, lunacy, &c. liable to this as welỈ as to various other blemishes and Concerning a few disorders, the nature of which has exer- misaffections of the skin: in the productions of which there cised the critical acumen of physicians as well as divines, are no causes more active or powerful than a depressed state the following observations may be satisfactory to the reader. of body or mind, hard labour under a burning sun, the body

1. Of all the maladies mentioned in the Scriptures, the constantly covered with the excoriating dust of brick-fields most formidable is the disorder of the skin, termed LEPROSY,"scales

, so as to give it the appearance of snow. Hence the hand of Moses

is said to have been leprous as snow (Exod. iv. 6.); and Miriain is said to 1 Mark v. 26. Luke iv. 23. v. 31. viii. 43. Josephus, Antiq. Jud. lib. have become leprous, while as envu (Num. xii. 10.); and Gehazi, when

struck judicially with the disease of Naaman, is recorded to have gone out 1 Schabbath, p. 110. See also Lightfoot's Horæ Hebraicæ on Mark from the presence of Elisha, a leper, as white as snow. (2 Kings v. 27.) Dr.

A. Clarke on Lev. xiii. l. 3 Jahn, Archæol. Biblica, by Upham, SS 105. 184. Parcau, Antiq. Hebr. 8 For this account of the leprosy, the author is almost wholly indebted

to the late Dr. Good's Study of Medicine, vol. v. pp. 587–597. 21 edition. Josephus, Bell. Jud. lib. i. c. 33. $5.

, Michaelis's Commentaries on the Laws of Moses, vol. ill. pp. 233, 234. 6 Bp. Lowth's Isaiah, vol. ij. p. 10.

“That all this,” he adds, “ with equal force and truth, should still be found 6 Dr. A. Clarke's Commentary on John v. 3.

exactly to hold, at the distance of 3500 years from the time of Moses, * This dreadful disorder has its name from the Greek As7px, from As is, ought certainly to gain some credit to his laws, even with those who will a scule because in this disease the body was often covered with thin white not allow them to be of divine authority." (p. 234

xvii. c. 6. $ 5.

V. 41.

pp. 164. 166.

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