Jewish Contributions to Civilization: An Estimate
Jewish Publication Society of America, 1919 - 334 oldal
"Studies which appeared in the Journal of the Anthropological institute and were afterwards republished as Studies in Jewish statistics, 1891"--Pref. statement.
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activity adopted anti-Semitism Arabic became beginning Bible brought called capital carried Catholic cause century chapter chief Christian Church civilization claim common connection contributions countries creed culture derived direct early economic element empire England English equally Europe European example existence fact faith finance followed forces France French further German give given hand Hebrew helped higher human ideals important influence interest Israel Italy Jacob Jewish Jews kings known land later Latin less Liberal liberty living London mainly means mediæval ments Middle Ages movement natural original owing perhaps Persian political position practice present principle probably Prof question race refer regard religion religious remarkable Roman ruling seen shown side social Sombart Spain spirit stage thought throughout tion toleration traced trade translated true usury views whole
66. oldal - Rome contributed suggestion and impulse to the men and institutions which were to prepare the modern world; and if we could but have the eyes to see the subtle elements of thought which constitute the gross substance of our present habit, both as regards the sphere of private life, and as regards the action of the state, we should easily discover how very much besides religion we owe to the Jew.
193. oldal - Kolzum (Suez) in five days' journey over a distance of twenty-five parasangs. They embark in the East Sea (Red Sea), and sail from Kolzum to El- Jar (port of Medina) and Jeddah (port of Mecca) ; then they go to Sind, India, and China. On their return they carry back musk, aloes, camphor, cinnamon, and other products of the Eastern countries to Kolzum, and bring them to Farama, where they again embark on the Western Sea.
25. oldal - I can, at any rate, show that the experiments made with it at the end of the seventeenth and the beginning of the eighteenth century fully confirm the high encomium bestowed by Dioscorides upon his indicum.
201. oldal - Europe owes to the Jewish Radanites the introduction of oranges and apricots, sugar and rice, Jargonelle pears, and Gueldre roses, senna and borax, bdellium and asafoetida, sandalwood and aloes, cinnamon and galingale, mace and camphor, candy and julep, cubebs and tamarinds, slippers and tambours, mattresses, sofa, and calabash, musk and jujube, jasmine and lilac.
194. oldal - Basra, cross Ahwaz, Fars, Kirman, Sind, Hind and arrive at China. Sometimes they likewise take the route behind Rome, and, passing through the country of the Slavs, arrive at Khamlif, the capital of the Khazars.
193. oldal - Eastern countries to al-Kolzom and bring them back to Farama, where they again embark on the Western Sea. Some make sail for Constantinople to sell their goods to the Romans ; others go to the palace of the King of the Franks to place their goods. Sometimes these Jew merchants...
193. oldal - Slavs. They journey from west to east, from east to west, partly on land, partly by sea. They transport from the west eunuchs, female and male slaves, silk, castor, marten and other furs, and swords. They take ship in the land of the Franks, on the Western Sea, and steer for Farama.
194. oldal - Orontes); thence they go by land to al-Jabia, where they arrive after three days
145. oldal - Arabic, as he confessed, because he was .rather an " assistant in the translations, than the real translator. " For he kept Saracens about him in Spain, who had " a principal hand in his translations. In the same " way Michael the Scot claimed the merit of numerous " translations. But it is certain that Andrew, a Jew, " laboured at them more than he did.