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dead c, nor for those that are known to have sipped the sins. unto death d.

Q. 184. For what things are we to pray?

A. We are to pray for all things tending to the glory of Gode, the welfare of the church, our own 6 or others good : but not for any thing that is unlawfuli.

Q. 185. How are we to pray?

A. We are to pray with an awful apprehension of the majesty of Godk, and deep sense of ourown unworthiness', necessities, these alone, but for them also which 8 Matt. vii. 11. If ye then, being shall believe on me through their evil, know how to give good gifts word. 2 Sam. vii. 29. Therefore unto your children, how much more: now let it please thee to bless the shall your Father which is in heaven house of thy servant, that it may give good things to them that ask continue for ever before thee: for him? thou, O Lord God, hast spoken it, h Psal. cxxv. 4. Do good, O and with thy blessing let the house Lord, unto those that be good, and of thy servant be blessed for ever. to them that arę upright in their

c 2 Sam. xii. 21. Then said his hearts. servants unto him, What thing is i 1 John v. 14. And this is the this that thou hast done? Thou didst confidence that we have in him, fast and weep for the child while it that, if we ask any thing according was alive ; but when the child was to his will, he heareth us. dead, thou didst rise and did eat 185. k Eccl. v. 1., Keep thy foot bread. Ver. 22. And he said, While when thou' goest to the house of the child was yet alive I fasted and God, and be more ready to hear, wept; for I said, Who can tell whe. than to give the sacrifice of fools: ther God will be gracious to me, for they consider not that they do that the child may live? Ver. 23. avil. But now he is dead, wherefore 1 Gen. xviii. 27. 'And Abraham should I fast ? can I bring him back answered and said, Behold now, 1% again? I shall go to him, but he have taken upon me to speak unto shall not return to me.

the Lord, which am but dust and - 1 Tohn v. 16. If any man see his ashes Gen. xxxii. 10. I am not brother sin a sin which is not unto worthy of the least of all the death, he shall ask, and he shall give mercies, and of all the truth, him life for them that sin not unto which thou hast she wed unto thy death. There is a sin unto death; I servant. do not say that he shall pray for it. m Luke xv. 17. And when he

184. e Matt. vi. 9. After this man came to himself, he said, How marry ner therefore pray ye: Our Father* hired servants of my father's have which art in heaven, Hallowed be bread enough and to spare, and 1 thy name,

perish with hunger ? Ver. 18. I will f Psal. li. 18. Do good in 'thy, arise and go to my father, and will good pleasure unto Žion: build say unto him, Father, Thave sinned thou the walls of Jerusalem. Psal. against Heaven, and before thee; ** • cxxii. 6. Pray for the peace of Jeru- Ver. 19. And am no more worthy to salem : they shall prosper that love be called thy son; make me as one theer

of thy hired servants,

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and sins *; with penitent", thankfulp, and enlarged hearts 9; with understanding ', faith', sincerity, fervency", love", and perseverance , waiting upon him with humble submission to his willz,

Q. 186. What rule hath God given for our direction in the duty of prayer?

4. The whole word of God is of use to direct us in the duty of prayer a; but the special rule of direction is that form of prayer which our Saviour Christ taught his disciples; commonly called The Lord's Prayer b.

n Luke xviii. 13. And the pub. faith, nothing wavering: for he that lican, standing afar off, would not wavereth is like a wave of the sea, lift up so much as his eyes unto hea. driven with the wind, and tossed. ven, but smote upon his breast, say- * Psal. cxlv 18. The Lord is nigh ing, God be merciful to me a sin- unto all them that call upon him, ner. Ver. 14. I tell you, this man to all that call upon him in truth. went down to bis house justified Psal xvii. 1. Hear the right, o rather than the other: for every Lord, attend unto my cry; give ear one that, exalteth himself shall be unto my prayer that goeth not out abased ; and he that humbleth him. of feigned lips. self shall be exalted.

u James v. 16.-The effectual o Psal, li. 17. The sacrifices of fervent prayer of a righteous map God are a broken spirit: a broken availeth much. and a contrite heart, O God, thou w 1 Tim, ii. 8. I will therefore wilt not despise.

that men pray eyery where, lifting p Phil. iv. 6. Be careful for no. up holy hands, without wrath and thing: but in every thing bý prayer doubting. and supplication, with thanksgiv. x Eph. vi. 18. Praying always ing, let your requests be made with all prayer and supplication in known unto God.

the Spirit, and watching thereunto q 1 Sam i. 15. And Hannah with all perseverance, and supplica. answered and said, No, my lord ; tion for all saints.

woman of a sorrowful y Micah vii. 7. Therefore I will spirit: I have drunk neither wine look unto the Lord: I will wait for nop strong drink, but have poured the God of my salvation : my God out ruy soul before the Lord. 1 will hear me. Sam. ii. 1. And Hannah prayed, 2 Matt. xxvj. 39. And he went a and said, My heart rejoiceth in the little farther, and fell on his face, Lord, mine horn is exalted in the and prayed, saying, O my Father, if Lord: my mouth is enlarged over it be possible, let this cup pass from mine enemies; because I rejoice in me: nevertheless, not as I will, but thy salvation,

as thou wilt. 1 Cor. xiv. 15 Wbat is it 186.a 1 John v. 14. And this is then? I will pray with the spirit, the confidence that we have in him, and I will pray with the understand-, that, if we ask any thing acording to ing-also

bis will, he heareth us. ** Mark xi. 24. Therefore I say, b Matt. vi. 9-13. After this man.. unto you... What things soever yener therefore pray ya: Our Father, desire when ye pray, believe that ye: &c. Luke xi. 2. 3. 4. And he said: receive them, and ye shall have unto them, When ye pray, say, them. James i. 6. But let him ask in Our Father, &c.

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Q. 187. How is the Lord's prayer to be used?

A. The Lord's prayer is not only for direction, as a pattern, according to which we are to make other prayers; but may also be used as a prayer, so that it be done with understanding, faith, reverence, and other graces necessary to the right performance of the duty of prayer

Q. 188. Of how many parts doth the Lord's prayer consist?

A. The Lord's prayer consists of three parts; a preface, petitions, and a conclusion.

Q. 189. What doth the preface of the Lord's prayer teach

A. The preface of the Lord's prayer (contained in these words, Our Father which art in heaven") teacheth us, when we pray, to draw near to God with confidence of his fatherly goodness, and our interest therein *; with reverence, and all other child-like dispositions, heavenly affections , and due apprehensions of his sovereign power, majesty, and gracious condescension: as also, to pray with and for others.

187. c Matt vi 9. Compared with Doubtless thou art our Father, Luke xi. 2 (See above in letter b.) though Abraham be ignorant of us, 189. d Matt. vi. 9.

and Israel acknowledge us not: e Luke xi. 13. If ye then, being thou, O Lord, art our Father, our evil, know how to give good gifts Redeemer, thy name is from everunto your children; how much more lasting. Neh. i. 4. And it came to shall your heavenly Father give the pass, when I heard these words, Holy Spirit to them that ask him ? that I sat down and wept, and Rom. viii. 15. For ye have not re-' mourned certain days, and fasted, ceived the spirit of bondage again and prayed before the God of bea. to fear; but ye have received the ven, Ver. 5. And said, I beseech Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, thee, O Lord God of heaven, the Abba, Father.

great and terrible God, that keepeth s Isa. ixiv 9. Be not wroth very covenant and mercy for them that sore, O Lord, neither remember ini. love him, and observe his com quity for ever : behold, see, we be. mandments : Ver. 6 Let thine ear seech thee, we are all thy people. now be attentive, and thine eyes

g Psal. cxxiii. 1. Unto thee lift I open, that thou 'mayest hear the up mine eyes, O thou that dwellest prayer of thy servant, which 'I pray in the heavens. Lam. iii. 41. Let before thee now, day and night, for us lift up our heart with our hands the children of Israel thy servants, unto God in the heavens.

and confess the sins of the children h Isa. Ixiii. 15, Look down fro of Israel, which we have sinned heaven, and behold from the habi. against thee : both I and my father's tation of thy holiness and of thy house have sinned, is glory: where is thy zeal and thy ¿ Acts xii. 5. Peter therefore was strength, the sounding of thy bow- kept in prison; but prayer was els, and of thy mercies towards made without eeasing of the church yne ? are they restrained ? Ver. 16. unto God for him.

Q. 190. What do we pray for in the first petition ?

A. In the first petition, (which is, Hallowed be thy name) acknowledging the utter inability and indisposition that is in ourselves and all men to honour God aright, we pray, that God would, by his grace, enable and incline us and others to know, to acknowledge, and highly to esteem himm, his titles", attributes", ordinances, word P, works, and whatsoever he is pleased to make himself known by 9; and to glorify him in thought, word ", and deed 8: that he would 190. k Matt, vi. 9.

have not known them. Praise ye the 12 Cor. iii. 5. Not that we are Lord. Psal. cxxxviii. 1. i will sufficient of ourselves to think any praise thee with my whole heart; thing as of ourselves: but our suf. before the gods will I sing praise ficiency is of God. Psal. li. 15. O unto thee. Ver. 2. I will' worship Lord, open thou my lips, and my towards thy holy temple, and praise mouth shall shew forth thy praise. thy name, for thy loving kindness,

m Psal. Ixvii. 2. That thy way and for thy truth: for thou hast may be known upon earth, thy magnified thy word above all thy saving health among all nations. name. Ver. 3. In the day when I Ver. 3. Let the people praise thee, cried, thou answeredst me: and O God; let all the people praise strengthenedst me with strength thee.

in my soul. 2 Cor. ii. 14. Now n Psal. Ixxxiii. 18. That men may thanks be unto God, which always know that thou, whose name causeth us to triumph in Christ, alone is JEHOVAH, art the Most and maketh manifest the savour of High over all the earth.

his knowledge by us in every place. o Psal. lxxxvi. 10. For thou art Ver. 15. For we are unto God a great, and doest wondrous things : sweet savour of Christ, in them thou art God alone. Ver. 11. Teach that are saved, and in them that me thy way, O Lord; I will walk perish. in thy truth: unite my heart to fear 9 Psal. cxlv. throughout. I will thy name. Ver. 12. I will praise extol thee my God, O King, &c. thee, O Lord my God, with all my Psal. viii. throughout. O Lord our heart; and I will glorify thy name Lord, how excellent is'thy name in for evermore. Ver. 13. For great all the earth! &c. is-thy mercy toward me: and thou r Psal. ciji. 1. Bless the Lord, O hæst delivered my soul from the my soul; and all that is within lowest hell. Ver. 15. But thou, o me, bless his holy name. Psal. Lord, art a God full of compassion, .xix 14. Let the words of my and gracious, long-suffering, and mouth, and the meditation of my plentenus in mercy and truth. heart, be acceptable in thy sight,

p 2 Thess. iii. 1. Finally, brethren, O Lord, my strength, and my Repray for us, that the word of the deemer. Lord may have free course, and be s Phil. 1. 9. And this I pray, that glorified, even as it is with you. your love may abound yet more and Psal. cxlvii. 19. He she weth' his more in knowledge, and in all judg. word unto Jacob, his statutes and ment; Ver. 11. Being filled with his judgments unto Israel, Ver. 20. the fruits of righteousness, which He hath not dealt so with any na... are by Jesus Christ, unto the glory tion : and as for his judgments, they and praise of God.

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prevent and remove atheism, ignorance ", idolatry', profaneness, and whatsoever is dishonourable to him y; and, by his over-ruling providence, direct and dispose of all things to his own glory?. Q. 191. What do we pray for in the second petition?

A. In the second petition, (which is, Thy kingdom come",) acknowledging ourselves and all mankind to be by nature under the dominion of sin and Satan , we pray, that the king** Psal. Ixvii. 1. God be merciful the kingdoms of the earth; thou unto us, and bless us; and cause his hast made heaven and earth Ver. face to shine upon us. Selah. Ver. 2. 16. Lord, bow down thine ear, and That thy way may be known upon bear; open, Lord, thine eyes, and earth, thy saving' health among all see; and hear the words of Sennanations. Vær. 3. Let the people cherib, which hath sent him to repraise thee. O God; let all the peo- proach the living God. ple praise thee. Ver. 4. O let the 22 Chron, XX 6. And (Fehosha. nations he glad, and sing for joy: phat) said, O Lord God of our for thou shalt judge the people fathers, art not thou God in hea. righteously, and govern the nations ven? and rulest not thou over all upon e rtb Selah.

the kingdoms of the heathen ! and u Eph. i. 17. That the God of our in thine hand is there not power Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of and might, so that none is able to glory, may give unto you the Spirit withstand thee? Ver. 10. And now, of wisdom and revelation in the bebold, tì¡e children of Ammon, and knowledge of him; Ver. 18. The Moab, and mount Seir, whom thou eyes of your understanding being' wouldest not let Israel invade, when enlightened; that ye may know they came out of the land of Egypt, what is the hope of his calling, and but they turned from them, and what the riches of the glory of his destroyed them not: Ver. 11. Be. inheritance in the saints

hold, I say, how they reward us, to w Psal. xcvii. 7. Confounded be come to cast us out of thy pos. all they that serve graven images, session, which thou hast given us that boast themselves of idols : wor- to inherit. Ver. 12. O our God, wilt ship bim, all ye gods.

thou not judge them ? for we have * Psal. Ixxiv. 18. Remember this, no might against this great pompa, that the enemy hath reproached, ó ny that cometh against is ; neither Lord, and that the foolish people know we what to do: but nur eyes have blasphemed thy name. Ver. 22. are upon thee. Psal. lxxxiii. through. Arise, O God, plead thine own out. Keep not thou silence, O God: cause : remember how the foolish hold not thy peace, &i. Psal. cxl, man reproacheth thee daily, Ver.':. 4. Keep me, O Lord, from the hands 23. Forget not the voice of thine of the wicked, preserve me from enemies: the tumult of those that the violent man, who have purposed rise up against thee increaseth con-, to overthrow my goings. Ver. 8. tinually.

Grant not, O Lord, the desires of y? Kings xix. 15. And Hezekiah the wicked ; further not his wicked prayed before the Lord, and said, o devices, lest they exalt themselves. Lord God of Israel, which dwellest Selah. between the cherubims, thou art 191. a Matt. vi 10. the God, even thou alope, of all 6 Eph. ii. 2. Wherein in time past,

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