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Q. 168. What is the Lord's supper ?

A. The Lord's supper is' a sacrament of the New Testament ?, wherein, by giving and receiving bread and wine according to the appointment of Jesus Christ, his death is shewed forth; and they that worthily communicate, feed upon his body and blood, to their spiritual nourishment and growth in grace a; have their union and communion with him confirmed b; testify and renew their thankfulness, and engagement to God, and their mutual love and fellowship each with other, as members of the same mystical body e,

Q. 169. How hath Christ appointed bread and wine to be given and received in the sacrament of the Lord's supper?

A. Christ hath appointed the ministers of his word, in the administration of this sacrament of the Lord's supper, to set apart the bread and wine from common use, by the word of institution, thanksgiving, and prayer; to take and break the bread, and to give both the bread and the wine to the communicants: who are, by the same appointment, to take and eat the bread, and to drink the wine, in thankful remembrance

168. 2 Luke xxii. 20. Likewise oft as ye drink it, in remembrance also the cup after supper, saying, of me. Ver. 26. For as often as ye This cup is the New Testament in eat this bread, and drink this cup, my blood, which is shed for you. ye do shew the Lord's death till he

a Matt. xxvi. 26. And as they come. were eating, Jesus took bread, and 61 Cor. x. 16. The cup of blessing blessed it, and brake it, and gave it which we bless, is it not the comto the disciples, and said, Take, munion of the blood of Christ ? the eat; this is my body. Ver. 27. And bread which we break, is it not he took the cup, and gave thanks, the communion of the body of and gave it to them, saying, Drink Christ? ye all of it ; Ver. 28. For this is c 1 Cor. xi. 24 [See above in a.] my blood of the New Testament, d1 Cor. x. 14. Wherefore, my which is shed for many for the re- dearly beloved, flee from idolatry. mission of sins. 1 Cor. xi. 23. For Ver. 15. I speak as to wise men; I have received of the Lord that judge ye what I say. Ver. 16. The which also I delivered unto you, cup of blessing which we bless, is That the Lord Jesus, the same it not the communion of the blood night in which he was betrayed, of Christ? the bread which we tuok bread : Ver. 24. And, when break, is it not the communion of he had given thanks, he brake it, the body of Christ ? Ver. 21. Ye and said, Take, eat; this is my cannot drink the cup of the Lord body, which is broken for you: this and the cup of devils : ye cannot do in remembrance of me. Ver. 25. be partakers of the Lord's table and After the same manner also he of the table of devils. took the cup, when he had supped, el Cor x 17. For we, being many, saying, This cup is the New Testa. are one bread and one body: for we ment in my blood: this do ye, as are all partakers of that one bread.

that the body of Christ was broken and given, and his blood shed, for them

Q. 170. How do they that worthily communicate in the Lord's supper, feed upon the body and blood of Christ therein ?

A. As the body and blood of Christ are not corporally or carnally present in, with, or under the bread and wine in the Lord's supper 8, and yet are spiritually present to the faith of the receiver, no less truly and really than the elements themselves are to their outward senses b; so they that worthily communicate in the sacrament of the Lord's supper, do therein feed upon the body and blood of Christ, not after a corporal and carnal, but in a spiritual manner; yet truly and really ·, while by faith they receive and apply unto themselves Christ crucified, and all the benefits of his death k.

Q. 171. How are they that receive the sacrament of the Lord's supper to prepare themselves before they come unto it?

A. They that receive the sacrament of the Lord's supper

169. f 1 Cor. xi. 23, 24. [See before to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; under a.] Matt. xxvi. 26, 27, 28 (See this is my body. Ver. 28 For this before at a.] Mark xiv. 22. And as is my blood of the New Testament, they did eat, Jesus took bread, and which is shed for many for the re. blessed, and brake it, and gave to mission of sins. them, and said, Take, eat; this is my il Cor. xi. 24. And, when he body. Ver. 23. And he took the cup; had given thanks, he brake it, and and, when he had given thanks, he said, Take, eat; this is my body, gare it to them; and they all drank which is broken for you: this do in of it. Ver. 24. And he said unto remembrance of me. Ver. 25. After them, This is my blood of the New the same manner also he took the Testament, which is slied for many. cup, when he had supped, saying, Luke xxii. 19. And he took bread, This cup is the New Testament in and gave thanks, and brake it, and my blood : this do ye, as oft as ye gave unto them, saying, This is my drink it, in remembrance of me. body, which is given for you: this Ver. 26. For as often as ye eat this do in remembrance of me Ver. 20. bread, and drink this clip, ye do Likewise also the cup after supper, shew the Lord's death till he come. saying, this cup is the New Testa- Ver. 27. Wherefore, whosoever ment in my blood, which is shed shall eat this bread, and drink this

cup of the Lord, unworthily, shall 170. g Acts iji. 21. Whom the be guilty of the body and blood of heaven must receive until the times the Lord. Ver 28. But let a man of restitution of all things, which examine himself, and so let him eat God hath spoken by the mouth of of that bread, and drink of that cup. all his holy prophets since the Ver. 29. For he that eateth and world began.

drinketh unworthily, eateth and h Matt. xxvi. 26. And as they drinketh damnation to himself, not were eating, Jesus took bread, and discerning the Lord's body. blessed it, and brake it, and gave it k 1 Cor. x. 16. The cup of blessing

for you.

are, before they come, to prepare themselves thereunto, by examining themselves of their being in Christ m, of their sins and wants n; of the truth and measure of their knowledge o, faith P, repentance 9; love to God and the brethren", charity to all men s, forgiving those that have done them wrong; of their desires after Christų, and of their new obewhich we bless, is it not the com. 31. For if we would judge our. munion of the blood of Christ ? the selves, we should not be judged. bread which we break, is it not the r 1 Cor. x. 16. The cup of bless. communion of the body of Christ ? ing which we bless, is it not the

171. (1 Cor. xi. 28. But let a man communion of the blood of Christ ? examine himself, and so let him eat the bread which we break, is it not of that bread, and drink of that the communion of the body of cup.

Christ? Ver. 17. For we, being m 2 Cor. xiij. 5. Examine your many, are one bread and one body: selves whether ye be in the faith; for we are all partakers of that prove your own selves : know ye one bread. Acts ii. 46. And they, not your own selves, how that Jesus continuing daily with one accord in Christ is in you, except ye be repro- the temple, and breaking bread from bates ?

house to house, did eat their meat n 1 Cor. v. 7. Purge out there. with gladness and singleness of fore the old leaven, that ye may heart Ver. 47. Praising God, and habe a new lump, as ye are unleavened ving favour with all the people. And For even Christ our passover is the Lord added to the church daily sacrificed for us. Compared with such as should be saved. Exod. xü. 15. Seven days shall ye $1 Cor. v. 8. Therefore let us eat unleavened bread, even the first keep the feast, not with old leaven, day ye shall put away leaven out of neither with the leaven of malice your houses : for whosoever eateth and wickedness ; but with the unleavened bread from the first day leavened bread of sincerity and until the seventh day, that soul shall truth. I Cor. xi. 18. For first of all, be cut off from Israel.

when ye come together in the 61 Cor. xi. 29. For he that eat church, I hear that there be divia eth and drinketh unworthily, eateth sions among you ; and I partly be and drinketh damnation to himself, lieve it. Ver. 20. When ye come not discerning the Lord's body. together therefore into one place,

p 1 Cor. xïïi. 5 [See above in let this is not to eat the Lord's ter m.] Matt. xxvi 28. For this is supper. my blood of the New Testament, * Matt. v. 23. Therefore, if thou which is shed for many for the re- bring thy gift to the altar, and there mission of sins.

rememberest that thy brother hath q Zech. xii. 10. And I will pour ought against thee; Ver 24. Leave upon the house of David, and upon there thy gift before the altar, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the go thy way; first be reconciled to spirit of grace and of supplications; thy brother, and then come and ofand they shall look upon me whom fer thy gift. they have pierced, and they shall u Isa lv. 1. Ho, every one that mourn for him, as one mourneth for thirsteth, come ye to the waters, his only son, and shall be in bitter. and he that hath no money ; come ness for him, as one that is in bit. ye, buy and eat; yea, come, buy terness for his first born. 1 Cor. xi. wine and milk without money and

dience w; and by renewing the exercise of these graces *, by serious meditations, and fervent prayer?.

Q. 172. May one who doubteth of his being in Christ, or of his due preparation, come to the Lord's supper ?

A. One who doubteth of his being in Christ, or of his due preparation to the sacrament of the Lord's supper, may have true interest in Christ, though he be not yet assured thereof a; and in God's account hath it, if he be duly affected with the

without price. John vii. 37. In the membrance of me. Ver. 25. After last day, that great day of the feast, the same manner also he took the Jesus stood and cried, saying, If cup, when he had supped, saying, any man thirst, let him come unto This cup is the New Testament in me, and drink.

my blood : this do ye, as oft as ye w 1 Cor. v. 7. Purge out there. drink it, in remembrance of me. fore the old leaven, that ye may 22 Chron. xxx. 18. For a multi. be a new lump, as ye are unlea. tude of the people, even many of vened. For even Christ our passover Ephraim and Manasseh, Issachar is sacrificed for us. Ver. 8. There. and Zebulun, had not cleansed fore let us keep the feast, not with themselves, yet did they eat the old leaven, neither with the leaven passover otherwise than it was of malice and wickedness; but with written : but Hezekiah prayed for the unleavened bread of sincerity them, saying, The good Lord par. and truth.

don every one Ver. 19. That pre* 1 Cor. xi. 25. After the same pareth his heart to seek God, the manner also he took the cup, when Lord God of his fathers, though he he had supped, saying, This cup is be not cleansed according to the the New Testament in my blood : puristication of the sanctuary. Matt. this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in xxvi. 26. And, as they were eating, remembrance of me. Ver. 26. For Jesus took bread, and blessed it, as often as ye eat this bread, and and brake it, and gave it to the disci. drink this cup, ye do shew the ples, and said, Take, eat; this is Lord's death till he come. Ver. 28. my body. But let a man examine himself, and 172. a Isa. 1. 10. Who is among so let him eat of that bread, and you that feareth the Lord, that drink of that cup. Heb, x. 21. And oheyeth the voice of his servant, having an high priest over the that walketh in darkness, and hath house of God, Ver. 22. Let us draw no light ? let him trust in the name near with a true heart, in full as- of the Lord, and stay upon his God. surance of faith, having our hearts 1 John v. 13. These things have I sprinkled from an evil conscience, written unto you that believe on the and our bodies washed with pure name of the Son of God; that ye water. Ver. 24. And let us consi. may know that ye have eternal der one another, to provoke unto life, and that ye may believe on the love and to good works. Psal. xxvi. name of the Son of God. Psal. 6. I will wash mine hands in inno. lxxxviii. throughout. Psal. Ixxvii. to cency: so will I compass thine Verse 12. Ver 1. I cried unto God altar, O Lord.

with my voice : even unto God 3 1 Cor. xi. 24. And, when he had with my voice, and he gave ear given thanks, he brake it, and said, unto me. Ver. 2 In the day of my Take, eat; this is my body, which trouble I sought the Lord; my sore is broken for you: this do in re. ran in the night, and ceased not:

yet I wil

apprehension of the want of it b, and unfeignedly desires to be found in Christo, and to depart from iniquity d: in which case (because promises are made, and this sacrament is

appointed, for the relief even of weak and doubting Chrismy soul refused to be comforted. supplications, when I cried unto Ver. 3. I remembered God, and thee. Psal. lxxiii. 13. Verily I bave was troubled: I complained, and cleansed my heart in vain, and my spirit was overwhelmed. Selah. washed my hands in innocency. Ver. 4. Thou holdest mine eyes Ver. 22. So foolish was I, and ig. waking: I am so troubled that I norant: I was as a beast before thee. cannot speak, &c. Ver. 7. Will the Ver. 23. Nevertheless I am conLord cast off' for ever! and will he tinually with thee; thou hast holden be favourable no more ? Ver. 8. Is me by my right hand. his mercy clean gone for ever ! doth c Phil. ii. & Yea, doubtless, and I his promise fail for evermore ? Ver. count all things but loss, for the ex. 9. Hath God forgotten to be gra- cellency of the knowledge of Christ cious ? hath he in anger shut up his Jesus my Lord: for whom I have tender mercies ? Jonah ii. 4. Then suffered the loss of all things, and I said, I am cast out of thy sight; do count them but dung, that I may

look again toward thy win Christ, Ver. 9. And be found holy temple. Ver. 7. When my in him, not having mine own rightesoul fainted within me, I remem- ousness, which is of the law, but bered the Lord, and my prayer that which is through the faith of came in unto thee, into thine holy Christ, the righteousness which is temple.

of. God by faith. Psal. x. 17. Lord, 6 Isa. liv. 7. For a small moment thou hast heard the desire of the have I forsaken thee, but with great humble: thou wilt prepare their mercies will I gather thee, Ver. 8. heart, thou wilt cause thine ear to In a little wrath I hid my face from hear. * Psal. xlii. 1. As the hart thee for a moment ; but with ever. panteth after the water-brooks, so lasting kindness will I have mercy panteth my soul after thee, O God. on thee, saith the Lord thy Re- Ver. 2. My soul thirsteth for God, deemer. Ver. 9. For this is as the for the living God: when shall I waters of Noah unto me: for as I come and appear before God? Ver. have sworn that the waters of Noah 5. Why art thou cast down, O my should no more go over the earth; soul? and why art thou disquieted so have I sworn that I would not in me? hope thou in God, for I shall be wroth with thee, nor rebuke yet praise him for the help of his thee. Ver. 10. For the mountains countenance. Ver. 11. Why art shall depart, and the hills be remov. thou cast down, O my soul ? and ed; but my kindness shall not de. why art thou disquieted within me? part from thee, neither shall the hope thou in God, for I shall yet covenant of my peace be removed, praise him, who is the health of my saith the Lord, that hath mercy on countenance, and my God. thee. Matt. v. 3. Blessed are the d 2 Tim. ii. 19. Nevertheless, the poor in spirit: for theirs is the foundation of God standeth sure, kingdom of heaven. Ver. 4. Bless. having this seal, The Lord knoweth ed are they that mourn: for they them that are his. And, Let every shall be comforted. Psal. xxxi. 22. one that nameth the name of Christ For I said in my haste, I am cut off depart from iniquity. Isa. 1. 10. from before thine eyes; neverthe. Who is among you that feareth the less thou heardest the voice of my Lord, that obeyeth the voice of his

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