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Q. 158. By whom is the word of God to be preached?

A. The word of God is to be preached only by such as are sufficiently gifted", and also duly approved and called to that office 1.

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swered right : this do, and thou all the people answered, Amen, shalt live,

amen, with lifting up their hands: f Psal. i. 2. But his delight is in and they bowed their heads, and the law of the Lord, and in his worshipped the Lord with their law doth he meditate day and faces to the ground. Ver. 8. So night. Psal. cxix. 97. O how love they read in the book, in the law of I thy law! it is my meditation all God distinctly, the day

158. & 1 Tim. iji. 2. A bishop then 82 Chron. xxxiv. 21. Go, enquire must be blameless, the husband of of the Lord for me, and for them one wife, vigilant, sober, of goud be. that are left in Israel, and in Judah, haviour, given to hospitality, apt to

concerning the words of the book teach; Ver. 6. Not a novice, lest, G that is found; for great is the being lifted up with pride, he fall

wrath of the Lord that is poured into the condemnation of the devil. out upon us, because our fathers Eph. iv 8. Wherefore he saith, have not kept the word of the Lord, When he ascended up on high, he to do after all that is written in led captivity captive, and gave gifts this book.

unto men. Ver. 9. (Now that he h Prov. jii. 5. Trust in the Lord ascended, what is it but that he also with all thine heart; and lean not descended first into the lower parts

thine understanding. of the earth ? Ver. 10. He that dea Deut. xxxiii. 3. Yea, he loved the scended is the same also that as. people; all his saints are in thy cended up far above all heavens,

hand; and they sat down at thy that he might fill all things.) Ver, Ffeet ; every one shall receive of 11. And he gave some apostles, s thy words.

and some prophets, and some evani Prov. ii. 1. My son, if thou wilt gelists, and some pastors and teach. LIPS receive mywords, and hide my com. ers. Hosea iv. 6. My people are me mandments with thee; Ver. 2. So destroyed for lack of knowledge :

that thou incline thine ear unto wis because thou hast rejected knowale na dom, and apply thine heart to under ledge, I will also reject thee, that

standing : Ver. 3. Yea, if thou criest thou shalt be no priest to me : see. after knowledge, and liftest up thy ing thou hast forgotten the law of voice for understanding : Ver. 4. If thy God, I will also forget thy

thou seekest her as silver, and children. Mal. 1.7. For the priest's y searchest for her as for hid trea. lips should keep knowledge, and

sures : Ver. 5. Then shalt thou un. they should seek the law at his derstand the fear of the Lord, and mouth: for he is the messenger of find the knowledge of God. Ver. the Lord of hosts. 2 Cor. iii. 6. Who 6. For the Lord giveth wisdom; also hath made us able ministers of out of his mouth cometh knowledge the New Testament, not of the and understanding. Psal. cxix. 18. letter, but of the spirit: for the Open thou mine eyes, that I may letter killeth, but the spirit giveth behold wondrous things out of thy life. la w. Neh. vüi. 6. And Ezra bless- I Jer. xiv. 15. Therefore thus saith ed the Lord, the great God. And the Lord concerning the prophets

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Q. 159. How is the word of God to be preached by those that are called thereunto ?

A. They that are called to labour in the ministry of the word, are to preach sound doctrinem, diligently ", in season and out of season o; plainly P, not in the enticing words of man's wisdom, but in demonstration of the Spirit, and of power 9; faithfully, making known the whole counsel of God s; wisely, applying themselves to the necessities and capacities of the hearers "; that prophesy in my name, and I reprove, rebuke, exhort with all sent them not-Rom. x. 15. And long-suffering and doctrine. how shall they preach except they p 1 Cor. xiv. 19. Yet in the church be sent!-Heb. v. 4. And no man I had rather speak five words with taketh this honour unto himself, but my understanding, that by my voice he that is called of God, as was I might teach others also, than ten Aaron. 1 Cor. xi. 28. And God thousand words in an unknown hath set some in the church; tongue. first, apostles; secondarily,prophets; 91 Cor. ij. 4. And my speech, thirdly teachers; after that miracles; and my preaching,' was not with then gifts of healings, helps, go- enticing words of man's wisdom, vernments, diversities of tongues. but in demonstration of the Spirit, Ver. 29. Are all apostles! are all and of power. prophets ? are all teachers ? are all r Jer. xxiji. 28. The prophet that workers of miracles? 1 Tim. iii. 10. hath a dream, let him tell a dream; And let these also first be proved; and he that hath my word, let him then let them use the office of a speak my word faithfully: what is deacon, being found blameless. the chaff to the wheat? saith the 1 Tim. iv. 14. Neglect not the gift Lord. 1 Cor. iv. 1. Let a man so that is in thee, which was given account of us as of the ministers of thee by prophecy, with the laying Christ, and stewards of the mysteon of the hands of the presbytery. ries of God. Ver. 2. Moreover, it is 1 Tim. v. 22.

Lay hands sud. required in stewards that a man be denly on no man; neither be par found faithful. taker of other men's sins: keep S Acts xx. 27. For I have not thyself pure.

shunned to declare unto you all the 159. mn Tit. ii. 1. But speak thou counsel of God. the things which become sound + Col. i. 28. Whom we preach, doctrine. Ver. 8. Sound speech warning every man, and teaching that cannot be condemned; that he every man in all wisdom; that we that is of the contrary part may be may present every man perfect in ashamed, having no evil thing to say Christ Jesus. 2 Tim. ii. 15. Study of you.

to show thyself approved unto God, n Acts xviii. 25. This man was in- a workman that needeth not to be structed in the way of the Lord; ashamed, rightly dividing the word and, being fervent in the spirit, he of truth. spake and taught diligently the u 1 Cor iii. 2. I have fed you with the things of the Lord,

milk, and not with meat: for 0 2 Tim. iv. 2. Preach the word; hitherto ye were not able to bear it, be instant in season, out of season, neither yet now are ye able. Heb. zealously w, with fervent love to God and the souls of his people Y ; sincerely , aiming at his glory a, and their conversion 6, v. 12. For when for the time ye 2 Cor. ii. 17. For we are not ought to be teachers, ye have need as many, which corrupt the word that one teach you again which be of God: but as of sincerity, but the first principles of the oracles of as of God, in the sight of God God; and are become such as hav speak we in Christ. 2 Cor iv. 2. need of milk, and not of strong But have renounced the hidden meat. Ver. 13. For every one that things of dishonesty, not walking useth milk is unskilful in the word in craftiness, not handling the word of righteousness; for he is a babe. of God deceitfully, but, by mani. Ver. 14. But strong meat belongeth festation of the truth, commending to them that are of full age, even ourselves to every man's conscience those who by reason of use have in the sight of God. their senses exercised to discern

a 1 Thess. ii. 4. But as we were both good and evil. Luke xii. 42. allowed of God to be put in trust And the Lord 'said, Who then is with the Gospel, even so we speak, that faithful and wise steward, not as pleasing men, but God, which whom his lord shall make ruler trieth our hearts. Ver. 5. For nei. over his household, to give them ther at any time used we flattering their portion of meat in due season? words, as ye know, nor a cloak of w Acts xviii. 25. This man was

covetousness: God is witness. Ver. instructed in the way of the Lord; 6. Nor of men sought we glory, nei. and, being fervent in the spirit, he

ther of you, nor yet of others, when spake and taught diligently the

we might have been burdensome, things of the Lord,

as the apostles of Christ. John vii. * 2 Cor. v. 13. For whether we be

18. He that speaketh of himself beside ourselves, it is 'to God; or

seeketh bis own glory: but he that whether we be sober, it is for your seeketh his glory that sent him, the

Ver. 14. For the love of same is true, and no unrighteousChrist constraineth us, because we

ness is in him. thus judge, that if one died for all, then were all dead. Phil. i. 15. Some b 1 Cor. ix. 19. For though I be indeed preach Christ even of envy

free from all men, yet have I made and strife ; and some also of good. myself servant unto all, that I might will: Ver. 16. The one preach gain the more. Ver. 20. And unto Christ of contention, not sincerely, the Jews. I became as a Jew, that I supposing to add affliction to my might gain the Jews; to them that 'bonds. Ver. 17. But the other of are under the law, as under the law, love, knowing that I am set for the that I might gain them that are undefence of the Gospel.

der law; Ver. 21. To them that y Col. iv. 12. Epaphras, who is

are without law, as without law, one of you, a servant of Christ, (being not without law to Gud, but. saluteth you, always labouring fer under the law to Christ,) that I vently for you in prayers, that ye might gain them that are without may stand perfect and complete in law. Ver. 22. To the weak became all the will of God. 2 Cor. xii. 15. I as weak, that I might gain the And I will very gladly spend and be weak: I am made all things to all spent for you; though the more men, that I might by all means save abundantly I love you, the less I be loved.

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edification, and salvation d.

Q. 160. What is required of those that hear the word preached?

A. It is required of those that hear the word preached, that they attend upon it with diligence, preparation, and prayer 6; examine what they hear by the scriptures *; re

the truth with faith , love , meekness !, and readiness of mind, as the word of God n; medi.

c2 Cor. xi. 19. Again, think ye be taken even that which he seem. that we excuse ourselves unto you? eth to have. we speak before God in Christ : but 8 Psal. cxix. 18. Open thou mine we do all things, dearly beloved, eyes, that I may behold wondrous for your edifying. Eph. iv, 12. For things out of thy law. Eph. vi. 18. the perfecting of the saints, for the Praying always with all prayer and work of the ministry, for the edify: supplication in the Spirit, and ing of the body of Christ.

watching thereunto with all perse. di Tim. iv. 16. Take heed unto verance, and supplication for all thyself, and unto the doctrine; con. saints; Ver. 19. And for me, that tinue in them : for in doing this thou utterance may be given unto me, shalt both save thyself and them that that I may open my mouth boldly, hear thee. Acts xxvi. 16. But rise, to make known the mystery of the and stand upon thy feet: for I have Gospel. appeared unto thee for this purpose,

h Acts xvii. 11. These were more to make thee a minister and a wit. noble than those in Thessalonica, in ness both of these things which thou that they received the word with all hast seen, and of those things in the readiness of mind, and searched the which I will appear untu thee'; Ver- scriptures daily, whether those 17. Delivering thee from the peo- things were so. ple, and from the Gentiles, unto i Heb. iv. 2. For unto us was the whom now I send thee, Ver. 18. To Gospel preached as well as unto open their eyes, and to turn them them: but the word preached did from darkness to light, and from the not profit them, not being mixed power of Satan unto God, that with faith in them ihat heard it. they may receive forgiveness of k 2 Thess. ii. 10. And with all sins, and inheritance among them deceivableness of unrighteousness which are sanctified by faith that is in them that perish; because they in me.

received not the love of the truth, 160. e Prov, viii. 34 Blessed is that they might be saved. the man that heareth me, watching 1 James i. 21. Wherefore, lay daily at my gates, waiting at the apart all filthiness, and superfuity posts. of my doors.

of naughtiness, and receive with f 1 Pet. ii. 1. Wherefore, laying meekness the ingrefted word, which aside all malice, and all guile, and is able to save your souls. hypocrisies, and envies, and all evil. m Acts xvii. 11. These were more speakings. Ver. 2. As new-born noble than those in Thessalonica, in babes, desire the sincere milk of that they received the word with the word, that ye may grow there. all readiness of mind, and searched by. Luke viii. 18. Take heed there. the scriptures daily, whether those före how ye hear: for whosoever things were so. bath, to him shall be given; and n 1 Thess. ii. 13. For this cause

bosoever hath not, from him sball also thank we God without ceasing,

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tate o, and confer of it P; hide it in their hearts 9, and bring i forth the fruit of it in their lives r.

Q. 161. How do the sacraments become effectual means of salvation ?

A. The sacraments become effectual means of salvation, not by any power in themselves, or any virtue derived from the piety or intention of him by whom they are administered, but only by the working of the Holy Ghost, and the blessing of Christ, by whom they are instituted

Q. 162. What is a sacrament?

A. A Sacrament is an holy ordinance instituted by Christ in his church, to signify, seal, and exbecause when ye received the word 25. But whoso looketh into the perof God which ye heard of us, ye re- fect law of liberty, and continueth ceived it not as the word of men, therein, he being not a forgetful but (as it is in truth) the word of hearer, but a doen of the work, this God, which effectually worketh also man shall be blessed in his deed. in you that believe.

161. s 1 Pet. iii. 21. The like • Luke ix. 44. Let these sayings figure whereunto, even baptism, j sink down into your ears : for the doth also now save us (not the put

Son of man shall be delivered into ting a way of the filth of the flesh, * the hands of men. * Heb. ij. 1. but the answer of a good conscience

Therefore we ought to give the towards God) by the resurrection more earnest heed to the things of Jesus Christ. Acts viii. 13. which we have heard, lest at any Then Simon himself believed also : time we should let them slip. and when he was baptized, he con

p Luke xxiv. 14. And they talked tinued with Philip, and wondered, together of all these things which beholding the miracles and signs had happened. Deut. vi. 6. And which were done. Compared with these words, which I command thee Ver. 23. For I perceive, (said Peter this day, shall be in thine heart. to Simon,) that thou art in the gall Ver. 7. And thou shalt teach them of bitterness, and in the bond of

diligently unto thy children ; and iniquity. 1 Cor. iii. 6. I have $: shalt talk of them when thou sittest planted, Apollos watered; but God

in thine house, and when thou gave the increase. Ver. 7. So then, walkest by the way, and when neither is he that planteth any thou liest down, and when thou' ri- thing, neither he that watereth : but

God that giveth the increase. I Cor. 9 Prov. ii. 1. My son, if thou wilt xii. 13. For by one Spirit are we all receive my words, and hide my baptized into one body, whether commandments with thee. Psal we be Jews or Gentiles, whether cxix. 11. Thy word have I hid in we be bond or free; and have mine heart, that I might not sin been all made to drink into one against thee.

Spirit. Luke viji, 15. But that on the 162. t Gen. xvii. 7 And I will good ground are they, which in an establish my covenant between me an honest and good heart, having and thee, and thy seed after thee, in heard the word, keep it, and bring their generations, for an everlasting furth fruit with patience. James i. covenant, to be a God unto thee,

sest up.

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