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Q. 155. How is the word made effectual to salvation ?

A. The Spirit of God maketh the reading, but especially the preaching of the word, an effectual means of enlightening m, convincing, and humbling sinners ? ; of driving them out of themselves, and drawing them unto Christo; of.con

them in the name of the Father, and who sent you to enquire of the Lord, of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost : so shall ye say unto him, Thus saith Ver. 20. Teaching them to observe all the Lord God of Israel concerning the things whatsoever I have commanded words which thou hast heard; Ver. you: and, lo, I am with you alway, 27. Because thine heart was tender, even unto the end of the world. Acts and thou didst humble i hyself before ii. 42. And they continued stedfastly God. when thou heardest his words in the apostles' doctrine and fellow. against this place, and against the inship, and in breaking of bread, and in habitants thereof, and humbledst thyprayers. Ver. 46. And they, con- self before me, and didst rend thy tinuing daily with one accord in the clothes, and weep before me; I have temple, and breaking bread from house even heard thee also, saith the Lord. to house, did eat their meat with glad. Ver. 28. Behold, I will gather thee ness, and singleness of heart; Ver. to thy fathers, and thou shait be ga47. Praising God, and having favour thered to thy grave in peace.with all the people. And the Lord ad- o Acts ii. 37. Now, when they ded to the church daily such as should heard this, they were pricked in their be saved.

heart, and said unto Peter and to the 155. m Neh. viii. 8. So they read rest of the apostles, Men and brethren, in the book in the law of God distinct what shall we do! Ver. 41. Then ly, and gave the sense, and caused they that gladly received his word them to understand the reading. Acts were baptized : and the same day xxvi. 18. To open their eyes, and to there were added into them about turn them from darkness to light, and three thousand souls. Acts viii. from from the power of Satan unto God, Ver. 27. to 39.- And, behold, a man that they may receive forgiveness of of Eihiopia, an eunuch of great ausins, and inheritance among them thority, -Ver. 28. Was returning, which are sanctified by faith that is and, sitting in his chariot, read Esaias in me. Psal. xix. 8. —The command- the prophet Ver. 29. Then the Spi. ment of the Lord is pure, enlightening rit said unto Philip, Go near, and join

thyself to this chariot. Ver. 30. And n 1 Cor. xiv. 24. But if all propte. Philip ran thither to him, and heard sy, and there come in one that believ. him read the prophet Esaias, and said, eth not, or one unlearned, he is convinc- Understandest thou what thou read. ed of all, he is judged of all: Ver. 25. est ?-Ver. 35. Then Philip opened And thus are the secrets of his heart his mouth, and began at the same made manifest; and so, falling down scripture, and preached unto him Jeon his face, he will worship God, and Ver. 36.- And the eunuch said, report that God is in you of a truih. See, here is water ; what doth hinder 2 Chron. xxxiv. 18 Then Shaphan me to be baptized ? Ver. 37. And the scribe told the king, saying, Hil. Philip said, If thou believest with all kiah the priest hath given me a book. thine heart, thou mayest. And he anAnd Shaphan read it before the king. swered and said, I believe that Jesus Ver. 19. And it came to pass, when Christ is the Son of God. Ver. 38. the king had heard the words of the -And they went down both into the law, that he rent his clothes. Ver. water, both Philip and the eunuch; 26. And as for the king of Judah, and be baptized him.

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forming them to his image P, and subduing them to his will.a ; of strengthening them against temptations and corruptions"; of building them up in grace, and establishing their hearts in holiness and comfort through faith unto salvation

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p 2 Cor. iii, 18. But we all with whom the ends of the world are open face, beholding as in a glass come. the glory of the Lord, are changed s Acts xx. 32. And now, brethren, into the same image, from glory to I commend you to God, and to the glory, even as by the Spirit of the word of his grace, which is able to Lord.

build you up, and to give you an in92 Cor. x. 4. For the weapons of heritance among all them which are our warfare are not carnal, but sanctified. 2 Tim. iii. 15. And that mighty through God to the pulling from a child thou hast known the down of strung holds : Ver. 5. holy scriptures, which are able to Casting down imaginations, and make thee wise unto salvation, every high thing that exalteth itself through faith which is in Christ against the knowledge of God, Jesus. Ver. 16. All scripture is gi. and bringing into captivity every ven by inspiration of God, and is thought to the obedience of Christ: profitable for doctrine, for reproof, Ver. 6. And having in a readiness to for correction, for instruction in revenge all disobedience, when your righteousness : Ver. 17. That the obedience is fulfilled. Rom. vi. 17. man of God may be perfect, tho. But God be thanked, that ye were roughly furnished unto all good the servants of sin ; but ye have works. obeyed from the heart that form t Rom. xvi. 25. Now to him that of doctrine which was delivered is of power to establish you accord. you.

ing to my Gospel, and the preaching q Matt. iv. 4. But he answered of Jesus Christ, according to the and said, It is written, Man shall revelation of the mystery, which not live by bread alone, but by every was kept secret since the world be. word that proceedeth out of the gan. 1 Thess. iii. 2. And sent Ti. mouth of God. Ver. 7. Jesus said motheus our brother, and minister unto him, It is written again, Thou of God, and our fellow-labourer in shalt not tempt the Lord thy God, the Gospel of Christ, to establish Ver. 10. Then saith Jesus unto him, you, and to comfort you concerning Get thee hence, Satan: for it is your faith: Ver. 10. Night and day written, Thou shalt worship the praying exceedingly that we might Lord thy God, and him only shalt see your face, and might perfect thou serve. Eph. vi. 16. Above all, that which is lacking in your faith. taking the shield of faith, where with Ver. 11. Now God himself and our ye shall be able to quench all the Father, and our Lord Jesus Christ, fiery darts of the wicked. Ver 17. direct our way unto you: Ver. 13. And take the helmet of salvation, To the end he may establish your and the sword of the Spirit, which hearts unblameable in holiness be. is the word of God. Psal. xix. 11. fore God, even our Father, at the Moreover, by them is thy servant coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, warned ; and in keeping of them with all his saints. Rom. xv. 4. For there is great reward. 1 Cor. x, 11. whatsoever things were written Now all these things happened unto aforetime were written for our them for ensamples : and they are learning; that we, through patience written for our admonition, upon and comfort of the scriptures, might

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Q. 156. Is the word of God to be read by all?

A. Although all are not to be permitted to read the word publicly to the congregation o, yet all sorts of people are bound to read it apart by themselves ", and with their fa

have hope. Rom. x. 13. For who. Neh. viji. 2. And Ezra the priest soever shall call upon the name of brought the law before the congre. the Lord shall be saved. Ver. 14. gation, both of men and women, and How then shall they call on him in all that could hear with understand. whom they have not believed ? and ing, upon the first day of the se. how shall they believe in him of venth month. Ver. 3. And he read whom they have not heard ? and therein before the street that was how shall they hear without a before the water-gate, from the preacher? Ver. 15. And how shall morning until mid-day, before the they preach except they be sent ? as men, and the women, and those it is written, How beautiful are the that could understand ; and the ears feet of them that preach the Gos- of all the people were attentive unto pel of peace, and bring glad tidings the book of the law. Neh. ix. 3. of good things! Ver. 16. But they And they stood up in their place, have not all obeyed the Gospel ; for and read in the book of the law of Esaias saith, Lord, who hath be the Lord their God, one fourth part lieved our report? Ver. 17. So of the day, and another fourth part then faith cometh by hearing, and they confessed, and worshipped the hearing by the word of God. Rom. Lord their God. Ver. 4. Then i, 16. For I am not ashamed of the stood up upon the stairs, of the Gospel of Christ; for it is the pow. Levites, Jeshua, and Bani, &c. and er of God unto salvation to every cried with a loud voice unto the one that believeth, to the Jew first, Lord their God. Ver. 5. Then the and also to the Greek.

Levites, Joshua, and Kadmiel, &c. 156. u Deut. xxxi. 9. And Moses said, Stand up, and bless the Lord wrote this law, and delivered it your God for ever and ever : and unto the priests, the sons of Levi, blessed be thy glorious name, which which bare the ark of the covenant is exalted above all blessing and of the Lord, and unto all the elders praise. of Israel. Ver. 11. When all Israel w Deut. xvii. 19. And it shall be is come to appear before the Lord with him, and he shall read therein thy God in the place which he shall all the days of his life: that he may choose, thou shalt read this law be- learn to fear the Lord his God, to fore all Israel in their hearing. keep all the words of this law, and Ver. 12. Gather the people together, these statutes, to do them. Rev. men, and women, and children, and i. 3. Blessed is he that readeth, and thy stranger that is within thy gates, they that hear the words of this that they may hear, and that they prophecy, and keep those things may learn, and fear the Lord your which are written tberein: for the God, and observe to do all the words time is at hand. John v. 39. Search of this law : Ver. 13. And that the scriptures, for in them ye think their children, which have not ye have eternal life, and they are known any thing, may hear, and they which testify of me. Isa. learn to fear the Lord your God, as xxxiv. 16. Seek ye out of the book long as ye live in the land, whither of the Lord, and read: no one of ye go over Jordan ito possess it. these shall fail,

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milies * : to which end, the holy scriptures are to be translated out of the original into vulgar languages y,

Q. 157. How is the word of God to be read?

A. The holy scriptures are to be read with an high and revērent esteem of them 2; with a firm persuasion that they

« Deut. vi. 6. And these words, I shall be unto him that speaketh which I command thee this day, a barbarian, and he that speaketh shall be in thy heart: Ver. 7. And shall be a barbarian unto thou shalt teach them diligently un. Ver. 12. Even so ye, forasmuch as to thy children; and shalt talk of ye are zealous of spiritual gifts, seek them when thou sittest in thine that ye may excel to the edilying house, and when thou walkest by of the church. Ver. 15. What is the way, and when thou liest down, it then? I will pray with the spirit, and when thou risest up. Ver. 8. and I will pray with the understand. And thou shalt bind them for a sign ing also; I will sing with the spirit. upon thine hand, and they shall be and I will sing with the understand. as frontless between thine eyes. ing also. Ver 16. Else, when thoil Ver. 9. And thou shalt write them shalt bless with the spirit, low shall upon the posts of thy house, and on he that occupieth the room of the thy gates. Gen. xviii 17. And the unlearned say Amen at thy giving of Lord said, Shall I hide from Abra. thanks, seeing he understandeth not ham that thing which I do?- Ver. what thou sayest? Ver. 24. But if 19. For I know him, that he will ali prophesy, and there come in one command his children and his that believeth not, or one unlearned, household after him, and they shall he is convinced of all, he is judged keep the way of the Lord, - -Psal. of all. Ver. 27. If any man speak in Ixxviii. 5. For he established a tes. an unknown tongue, let it be by timony in Jacob, and appointel a two, or at the most by three, and law in Israel, which he commanded that by course; and let one interour fathers, that they should make pret. Ver. 28. But if there be no them known to their children; interpreter, let him keep silence in Ver. 6. That the generation to the church; and let him speak to come might know them, even the himself, and to God. children which should be born, who 157. 2 Psal. xix 10. More to be should arise and declare them to desired are they than gold, yea, than their children: Ver. 7. That they much fine gold: sweeter also than might set their hope in God, and honey, and the honey.comb. Neh. not forget the works of God, but viii. 3. And he read therein before keep his commandments.

the street that was before the watery 1 Cor. xiv. 6. Now, brethren, gate, from the morning until midif I come unto you speaking with day, before the men and the women, tongues, what shall I profit you, and those that could understand ; except I shall speak to you either by and the ears of all the people were revelation, or by knowledge, or by attentive unto the book of the law. prophesying, or by doctrine ? Ver. 9. Ver 4 And Ezra the scribe stood So likewise ye, except ye utter by upon a pulpit of wood, which they the tongue words easy to be under. had made for the purpose ; - Ver. stood, how shall it be known what 5. And Ezra opened the book in the is spoken? for ye shall speak into sight of all the people ; (for he was the air. Ver. 11. Therefore, if I above all the people ;) and, when he know not the meaning of the voice, opened it, all the people stood up:

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are the very word of God, and that he only can enable us to understand them b; with desire to know, believe, any obey the will of God revealed in them; with diligenced, and attention to the matter and scope of them; Ver. 6. And Ezra blessed the Lord, abolished. Ver. 14. But their minds the great God. And all the people were blinded : for until this day re.. answered, Amen, amen, with lifting maineth the same veil untaken away up their hands : and they bowed in the reading of the Old Testa. their heads, and worshipped the ment; which veil is done away in Lord with their faces to the ground, Christ. Ver. 15. But even C-c. to Verse 10. Exod. xxiv. 7. this day, when Moses is read, the And he (Moses) took the book of veil is upon their heart. Ver. 16 .Ne. the covenant, and read in the audi. vertheless, when it shall turn to the ence of the people: and they said, Lord, the vail shall be taken way. All that the Lord hath said will we c Deut. xvii. 19. And it shall be do, and be obedient. 2 Chron. with him, and he shall read therein xxxiv. 27. Because thine heart was all the days of his life ; that he may render, and thou didst humble thy learn to fear the Lord his God, to self before God, when thou heard. keep all the words of this law, and est his words against this place, these statutes, to do them : Ver. 20. and against the inhabitants thereof, That his heart be not lifted up and humbledst thyself before me, above his brethren, and that he turn and didst rend thy clothes, and not aside from the commandment weep before me; I have even heard to the right hand or to the left; to thee also, saith the Lord. Isa. Ixvi. the end that he may prolong his 2-But to this man will I look, days, even to him that is poor, and of a d Acts xvii. 11. These (Bereans) contrite spirit, and trembleth at were more noble than those in my word.

Thessalonica, in that they received a 2 Pet. i. 19. We have also a the word with all readiness of mind, more sure word of prophecy; where and searched the scriptures daily, unto ye do well that ye take heed, whether those things were so. as unto a light that shineth in a dark e Acts viii. 30. And Philip ran place, until the day dawn, and the thither to him, and heard him read day-star arise in your hearts. Ver. 20. the prophet Esaias, and said, UnderKnowing this first, that no prophe. standest thou what thou readest? cy of the scripture is of any private Ver. 34 And the eunuch answered interpretation. Ver. 21. For the Philip, and said, I pray thee, of prophecy came not in old time by whom speaketh the prophet this ? of the will of man; but holy men of himself, or of some other man? God spake as they were moved by Luke x. 26. He said unto him, What the Holy Ghost.

is written in the law? how readest 6 Luke xxiv. 45. Then opened he thou ? Ver. 27. And he answering, their understanding, that they might said, Thou shalt love the Lord thy understand the scriptures. 2 Cor. God with all thy heart, and with all iii. 13. And not as Moses, wbich thy soul, and with all thy strength, put a veil over his face, that the and with all thy mind; and thy children of Israel could not stedfast- neighbour as thyself. Ver. 28 And ly look to the end of that which is he said unto him, Thou hast an.

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